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# TURBINAS TERMICAS Termodinámica de TVs

Ejemplo 1.- Termodinámica de TV
P1 = 1000 psia P2 = 1 psia mv = 150,000
T1 = 1000 °F x2 = 84% Qs = 50,000
u1 = 125 ft/seg u2 = 430 ft/seg
z1 = 10 ft z2 = 0 ft

a. Potencia TV sin considerar energías cinética y potencial, ni pérdida de calor

P1 = 1000 psia (Tsat = 544.6°F
T h v s
(°F) (Btu/lb) (ft3/lb) (Btu/lb °F)
1000 1505.4 0.8295 1.6530

Estado 2, salida mezcla de TV
P2 = 1 psia
x2 = 0.84
P2 T hf hfg sf sfg vg vf
(psia) (°F) (Btu/lb) (Btu/lb) (Btu/lb °F) (Btu/lb °F) (ft3/lb) (ft3/lb)
1 101.74 69.7 1036.1 0.1326 1.8455 333.61 0.01614

= [69.7 + (0.84 x 1036.1) ] Btu/lb = 940.024 Btu/lb

= [0.1326 + (0.84 x 1.8455) ] Btu/lb °F = 1.6828 Btu/lb °F

= [0.01614 + (0.84 x 333.59386) ] Btu/lb = 280.235 ft3/lb

ws = (1505.4 - 940.024) Btu/lb = 565.376 Btu/lb

= 150000 lb/h (1 h/3600 seg) x 565.376 Btu/lb (778 lb ft/1 Btu) (1 HP seg/550 lb ft) = 33322.92

b. Potencia TV considerando energías cinética y potencial, así como pérdida de calor

(1505.4 - 940.024) Btu/lb = 565.376 Btu/lb

1 1 lb seg2 1 Btu
(125^2 - 430^2) ft2/seg2 x x = -3.381
2 32.174 lb ft 778 lb ft

1 lb seg2 1 Btu
32.174 ft/seg2 (10 - 0) ft x x = 0.013
32.174 lb ft 778 lb ft

Hoja 1 de 9
TURBINAS TERMICAS 50000 Btu/h Termodinámica de TVs
= = 0.333 Btu/lb
150000 lb/h

ws = [ 565.376 + (-3.381) + 0.013 - 0.333 ] Btu/lb = 561.675 Btu/lb

N = 150000 lb/h (1 h/3600 seg) x 561.675 Btu/lb (778 lb ft/1 Btu) (1 HP seg/550 lb ft) = 33104.78

c. Rendimiento térmico de la turbina

P2 = 1 psia
s2s = s1 = 1.6530 Btu/lb °F

(1.653 - 0.1326) Btu/lb °F
= = 0.8238
1.8455 Btu/lb °F

= [69.7 + (0.8238 x 1036.1) ] Btu/lb = 923.239 Btu/lb

(1505.4 - 923.239) Btu/lb = 582.161 Btu/lb

561.675 Btu/lb
hTH = = 96.48%
582.161 Btu/lb

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TURBINAS TERMICAS Termodinámica de TVs

lb/h
Btu/h

vfg
(ft3/lb)
333.59386

HP

Btu/lb

Btu/lb

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TURBINAS TERMICAS Termodinámica de TVs

HP

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TURBINAS TERMICAS Termodinámica TV

Ejemplo 2.- Termodinámica de TV
P1 = 60 bar P2 = 0.1 bar N= 1,000
T1 = 400 °C x2 = 90% m= 4600
u1 = 10 m/seg u2 = 50 m/seg

a. Pérdida de calor en la TV

Tabla 2, pag 84 Tobón
P1 = 60 bar (Tsat = 275.55°C)
T h v s
(°C) (KJ/Kg) (m3/Kg) (KJ/Kg °C)
400 3180.121 0.04738 6.5462

Tabla 2, pag 10 Tobón
P2 T hf hfg sf sfg vf vg
(bar) (°C) (KJ/Kg) (KJ/Kg) (KJ/Kg °C) (KJ/Kg °C) (m3/Kg) (m3/Kg)
0.1 45.83 191.832 2392.947 0.64925 7.50183 0.00101023 14.67461

= (191.832 + (0.9 x 2392.947)) KJ/kg = 2345.484 KJ/Kg

= (0.64925 + (0.9 x 7.50183)) KJ/kg °C = 7.4009 KJ/Kg

= (0.00101023 + (0.9 x 14.6736)) m3/Kg = 13.20725 KJ/Kg

(3180.121 - 2345.484) KJ/Kg = 834.637 KJ/Kg

1 1 N seg2 1 KN
(10^2 - 50^2) m2/seg2 x x = -1.2
2 1 Kg m 1000 N

Qs = 4600 Kg/h (1 h/3600 seg) (834.637 + (-1.2)) KJ/Kg - 1000 KW = 64.947 KW

b. Rendimiento térmico de TV

P2 = 0.1 bar
s2s = s1 = 6.5462 KJ/Kg °C

(6.5462 - 0.64925) KJ/Kg °C
= = 0.7861
7.50183 KJ/Kg °C

= [191.832 + (0.7861 x 2392.947) ] KJ/Kg = 2072.928 KJ/Kg

(3180.121 - 2072.928) KJ/Kg = 1107.193 KJ/kg
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TURBINAS TERMICAS Termodinámica TV
834.637 KJ/Kg
hTH = = 75.38%
1107.193 KJ/Kg

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TURBINAS TERMICAS Termodinámica TV

KW
Kg/h

vfg
(m3/Kg)
14.6736

Hoja 7 de 9
h
(KJ/Kg) 400°C
3108.121

45.83°C

2345.484

2072.928

7.4009
5.5462
S
(KJ/Kg
°C)