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TIPE DAN KARAKTERISTIK PESAWAT TERBANG

No. Tipe Pesawat Terbang dan Produksi Panjang badan Wing Wheel Wheel Empty Weight
pesawat terbang/fuselage (m) span (m) Base (m) Tread (m) (kg)
1 AIRBUS A-300-600 (AIRBUS INDUSTRIES) 54.08 44.84 18.62 9.6 90,115.00
2 AIRBUS A-300-B2 (AIRBUS INDUSTRIES) 53.62 44.84 18.62 9.6 85,910.00
3 AIRBUS A-310 (AIRBUS INDUSTRIES) 46.66 43.89 18.62 9.6 80,142.00
4 AIRBUS A-318 (AIRBUS INDUSTRIES) 31.44 34.09 14.62 7.6 38,375.00
5 AIRBUS A-319 (AIRBUS INDUSTRIES) 33.84 33.91 14.62 7.6 39,884.00
6 AIRBUS A-320-200 (AIRBUS INDUSTRIES) 37.57 34.09 14.62 7.6 42,250.00
7 AIRBUS A-321-200 (AIRBUS INDUSTRIES) 44.51 34.09 16.62 8.6 48,024.00
8 AIRBUS A-330-200 (AIRBUS INDUSTRIES) 59 60.3 18.62 9.6 120,150.00
9 AIRBUS A-330-300 (AIRBUS INDUSTRIES) 63.69 60.3 18.62 9.6 121,870.00
10 AIRBUS A-340-300 (AIRBUS INDUSTRIES) 63.7 60.3 18.62 9.6 129,800.00
11 AIRBUS A-340-600 (AIRBUS INDUSTRIES) 67.8 63.7 19.62 9.6 177,000.00
12 AIRBUS A-380 (AIRBUS INDUSTRIES) 72.75 79.8 20.62 10.6 277,000.00
13 B-707-120B (BOEING) 44.22 39.88 15.93 6.73 57,834
14 B-707-320B (BOEING) 46.61 43.41 17.98 6.73 67,495.70
15 B-720B (BOEING) 41.68 39.88 15.44 6.43 52,164
16 B-727-100 (BOEING) 40.59 32.92 19.28 5.72 36,560.00
17 B-727-200 (BOEING) 46.69 32.92 19.28 5.72 44,180.60
18 B-737-200 (BOEING) 30.48 28.35 11.38 5.23 22,196.90
19 B-737-300 (BOEING) 33.4 28.88 11.38 5.23 32,881.00
20 B-737-400 (BOEING) 36.45 28.88 11.38 5.23 34,564.00
21 B-737-500 (BOEING) 31.01 28.88 11.38 5.23 31,983.00
22 B-737-600 (BOEING) 31.24 34.31 11.38 5.23 37,104.00
23 B-737-700 (BOEING) 33.63 34.31 11.38 5.23 38,147.00
24 B-747-100 (BOEING) 70.66 59.64 20.52 10.75 162,386.00
25 B-747-300 (BOEING) 53.82 59.66 20.52 10.75 139,890.30
26 B-747-400 (BOEING) 69.85 59.66 25.6 11 165,926.90
27 B-747-SP (BOEING) 56.31 59.64 25.6 11 147,420.00
28 DC-8-61 (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) 57.12 45.24 23.62 6.35 68,993
29 DC-8-62 (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) 46.16 45.24 18.54 6.35 64,980.47
30 DC-8-63 (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) 57.12 45.24 23.62 6.35 72,000
31 DC-9-32 (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) 36.37 28.45 16.22 5 25,789.40
32 DC-9-50 (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) 40.23 28.45 18.57 5 28,725.58
33 DC-10-10 (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) 55.55 47.35 22.07 10.67 106,443.60
34 DC-10-30 (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) 55.34 49.17 22.07 10.67 118,432.20
Maximum Take-Off Structural Panjang Rencana
Weight/ MTOW (kg) Landasan Pacu dasar(m)
165,900 2,743.00
142,000 2,621.30
142,000 2,621.30
59,000 2,286
64,000 2,286
73,500 2,286
89,000 2,621.30
230,000 2,743.00
212,000 2,743.00
260,000 2,743.00
365,000 3,506.50
560,000 3,506.50
116,729.42 2,621.30
151,320.96 2,743.00
106,278.48 2,621.30
72,570 2,621.30
76,658 2,621.30
45,587 2,286
56,740 2,286
62,820 2,286
52,390 2,286
56,245 2,286
60,330 2,286
340,195 3,506.50
294,840 3,506.50
351,540 3,506.50
317,515 3,506.50
147,420 2,621.30
158,760 2,621.30
161,028 2,621.30
48,988.80 2,286
54,432 2,286
195,048 2,743
251,748 3,353
Data :
NIM : 1721908
NIM X = 0
NIM Y = 8

Data (a) :
Panjang landas pacu (ARFL) = 1,808 m
Elevasi di atas permukaan laut (h) = 700 m
Temperatur (T) = 10.8 C
Kemiringan Landas pacu (S) = 0.40 %
Arah Angin = Searah Landasan Pacu / 10 Knot
Panjang Landas Pacu bila pesawat take off di ARFL :
Fe = 1 +0,07 h/300 = 1.1633
Ft = 1 + 0,01 (T – (15 – 0,0065 h) = 1.0035
Fs = 1 + 0,1 S = 1.04
ARFL * Fe * Ft * Fs = 2,195.095 m

Data (b) :
Panjang landas pacu (ARFL) = 1,808 m
Elevasi di atas permukaan laut (h) = 580 m
Temperatur (T) = 22.08 C
Kemiringan Landas pacu (S) = 0.80 %
Panjang Landas Pacu bila pesawat take off di ARFL :
Fe = 1 +0,07 h/300 = 1.1353
Ft = 1 + 0,01 (T – (15 – 0,0065 h) = 1.1085
Fs = 1 + 0,1 S = 1.08
ARFL * Fe * Ft * Fs = 2,457.431 m
Data :
NIM : 1721908
NIM X = 0
NIM Y = 8

Data (a) :
Ketinggian lapangan terbang = 3,000 ft = 914.4 m
Jarak penerbangan = 1,000 m
Temperatur rata-rata (T) = 80 F
Kemiringan Landas pacu (S) = 0.40 %
Pay Load yang diinginkan = 80,000 lbs = 36287.392 kg

TAHAP 1 : Menentukan Berat Berat Pendaratan Maksimum yang Diijinkan
Temperatur rata-rata (T) = 80 F
Ketinggian lapangan terbang = 3,000 ft
maka diperoleh :
Berat pendaratan maksimum = 247,000 lbs

TAHAP 2 : Menentukan Panjang Landasan untuk Pendaratan
Interpolasi
240 7.45
250 7.73
247 7.700
Jadi Panjang Landasan = 7,700 ft

TAHAP 3 : Menentukan Berat Lepas Landas yang Diinginkan
Jarak penerbangan = 1,000 m
Konsumsi BBM (Tabel) = 27 lbs/mile Tabel di Tahap 3
Kebutuhan BBM penerbangan = 27,000 lbs
Operating Weight Empty = 171,100 lbs Tabel di Tahap 3
Pay Load yang diinginkan = 80,000 lbs
Berat Lepas Landas diinginkan = 278,100 lbs

TAHAP 4 : Menentukan Berat Lepas Landas Maksimum yang Diinginkan
Berat Take Off yang diinginkan = 278,100 lbs
Berat Take Off yang diinjinkan = 313,800 lbs
Maka yang dipakai = 278,100 lbs karena lebih kecil

TAHAP 5 : Menentukan Referensi Faktor “R”
Reference Factor "R" = 81.3

TAHAP 6 : Menentukan Panjang Landasan untuk Lepas Landas
Interpolasi
R 80 270 8.66
280 9.39
278 9.240

R 90 270 9.75
280 10.59
278 10.420
80 9.240
90 10.420
81.3 9.390
Panjang Landasan Lepas Landas = 9,390 ft
= 2,862 m

Data (b) :
Berat pendaratan maksimum = 247,000 lbs
Tahap 1

Berat Landing = 247 lbs

Tahap 2

Interpolasi
240 7.45
250 7.73
247 7.700
Tahap 3

Tahap 4

Berat Lepas Landas = 313,800 lbs

Tahap 5
Reference Factor = 81.3
Tahap 6

Interpolasi
R 80 270 8.66
280 9.39
278 9.240

R 90 270 9.75
280 10.59
278 10.420

80 9.240
90 10.420
81.3 9.390
Panjang Landasan Lepas Landas = 9,390 ft
= 2,862 m