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2018-19

PHYSICS INVESTIGATORY
PROJECT

RAIN WATER ALARM

ANISH MOHANTY

CLASS: XII, ROSE

ROLL NO: 4
CERTIFICATE:
This is to certify that the Physics Investigatory Project titled: “Rain Water
Alarm” has been successfully completed by Mr Anish Mohanty of class 12th
Rose in partial fulfilment of Central Board of Secondary Education, leading to
Award of Annual Examination 2018-2019.

INTERNAL EXAMINER EXTERNAL EXAMINER

SCHOOL STAMP PRINCIPAL’S SIGNATURE

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to my teacher Mrs
Archana Mundle as well as our principal Mr Ganesh Parameswaran who gave
me the golden opportunity to do this wonderful project on the topic Rain
Water Alarm, which also helped me in doing a lot of Research and i came to
know about so many new things I am really thankful to them.

Secondly I would also like to thank my parents and friends who helped me a lot
in finalizing this project within the limited time frame.

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INDEX:

TOPIC PAGE
INTRODUCTION 5
WORKING 6
RAIN WATER ALARM 7
APPLICATIONS
AIM, MATERIALS 8
REQUIRED, CIRCUIT
DIAGRAM
SAMPLE PICTURE, 9
PROCEDURE
RESULT 10
BIBLIOGRAPHY 10

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INTRODUCTION:
Water is basic need in every one’s life. Saving and proper usage of water is very
important. Here is an easy project which will give the alarm when there is rain,
so that we can make some actions and save the rain water. As a result, we can
increase the water levels of underground water by using underwater recharge
technique. Rain water detector will detect the rain and make an alert; rain
water detector is used in the irrigation field, home automation,
communication, automobiles etc. Here is the simple and reliable circuit of rain
water detector which can be constructed at low cost.

Rain Alarm Project is a simple but very useful project that detects Rain (Rain
Water) and automatically triggers an alarm or buzzer.

Water is a basic need in every one’s life. Saving water and proper usage of
water is very important. Here is an easy project which will give the alarm when
there is rain, so that we can make some actions for rain water harvesting and
also save the rain water for using it later.

With the help of saving this rain water through rain water harvesting, we can
increase the levels of underground water by using underwater recharge
technique.

Rain water detector will detect the rain and make an alert; rain water detector
is used in the irrigation field, home automation, communication, automobiles
etc. Here is the simple and reliable circuit of rain water detector which can be
constructed at low cost.

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WORKING:
The rain sensors (metal blades) are fixed on ice-cream sticks with a small
distance between them. When water is placed in the sensor the circuit gets
complete and the buzzer starts beeping.

When switch is closed current flows through the speaker and an audible note
is produced. The alarm is on.

When water is dries from the sensor, alarm becomes dead.

When a rain alarm is set up according to circuit diagram and is connected to


input A-C source then its working starts.

Since when there is no water droplet complete and speaker doesn’t produce
sound. But as soon as rain starts water drop comes between the two rods the
circuit gets completed and speaker starts giving sound.

Rain Alarm is a device which is used to give the information is the rain is
occurring as it gives sound when rain falls between the two aluminium rods. As
the rain drop comes between the two rods the circuit gets completed and a
sound is produced from the speaker indicating the falling of rain. It can be used
in factories, open go downs where the goods need to be protected from rain. It
can also be used as a water level indicator by fixing the two rods at desired
level when water will reach that level it will automatically produce sound.

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RAIN WATER ALARM
APPLICATIONS:
1. In the irrigation, it will detect the rain and immediately alert the farmer.
2. In automobiles, when the rain detector detects the rain it will immediately
active the wipers and inform to the driver.
3. In communications, it will boost the power of the antenna and increase
the signal strength to send or receive the signals.
4. In normal house hold, with the help of rain water detector we can
automatically save the rain water. (This can be done only when home
automation is done and equipment to save the rain water. In this, rain
water detector will detect the rain and helps to switch ON the equipment
which will automatically save rain water for different purposes).
5. This can also be used if there is a chemical rain also. This is very common
in industrial areas.

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EXPERIMENT:
AIM:
To create a Rain water alarm.

MATERIALS REQUIRED:
1. NPN547 Transistor
2. Wires
3. Ice-Cream Sticks
4. PVC Pipe
5. Switch
6. LED
7. 2 Metal Blades
8. Glue
9. 9V Battery

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

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SAMPLE PICTURE:

PROCEDURE:
1. Connect battery’s one end with transistor and through that end connect
it to the sensor using another wire.
2. Connect the other end of the battery with the switch and connect one
end of the bulb to the other end of the switch.
3. Connect the other end of the bulb to buzzer and connect the buzzer to
the transistor.
4. Connect the 3rd end of the transistor to the sensor.
5. After the circuit is complete spray some water on the sensor.
6. As the water completes the circuit, being a good conductor of water, the
buzzer starts beeping.

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RESULT:
Rain water Alarm is made

BIBLIOGRAPHY:
1. Wikipedia.com
2. Scribd.com
3. Electronichub.com
4. Britannica.com
5. Youtube.com
6. Electricallife.com
7. Trasistorphy.com

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