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Jan 31, 2019

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1. If

2+x

+

2+y

+

2+z

= 4then the value of =a+b=1……(2)

x y z

From eqn(1) and (2)

2(xy+yz+zx) is

a=2, b=-1

(a) xyz (b) 2xyz

5. Find number of variable in polynomial x3-2y2-

(c) 3xyz (d) 1

6xy+8.

Ans(a)

(a)1 (b)2

Sol.

(c)3 (d)none of these

2+x 2+y 2+z

+ + =4 Ans(b)

x y z Sol. There are two variable (x and y) in given

2 2 2

+ + +1+1+1= 4 polynomial.

x y z 6. The hollow right circular cylinder of height 35

1 1 1 cm has volume 3960 cm³. If the outer radius of the

2( + + ) = 1

x y z cylinder is 10 cm. Find the total surface area of the

2(xy+ yz + zx) = xyz cylinder (in cm²)

2. Form the polynomial whose zeroes are 3+√3, 3- (a)4186.08 (b) 4680.20

√3 (c) 4930.30 (d) 4020.38

(a)x2-6x+6=0 (b) x2-3x+4=0 Ans(a)

(c)x2-6x+4=0 (d)2x2-9x-3=0 Sol.

Ans(a)

Sol.

The zeroes are 3+√3, 3-√3

Sum of zeroes=3+√3 + 3-√3=6

Product of the zeroes=(3+√3).(3-√3)

=6

The required polynomial is-

⇒x2-(sum of the zeroes )x +(product of the

zeroes)=0 Volume of cylinder = 3960 cm3

⇒x2-6x+6=0 π(R²- r²)h = 3960

3.Find the remainder when x3+x2-2x+5 is divided 22

by x-5. ⇒ × (102 − 𝑟 2 ) × 35 = 3960

7

(a)140 (b) 135 ⇒ r = 8 cm

(c)145 (d)150 ∴ Total surface area

Ans.(c) = 2πRh + 2πrh + 2π(R² - r²)

Sol. Let f(x)= x3+x2-2x+5 = 2πh (R + r) + 2π (R² - r²)

22 22

f(5)= 53+52-2x5+5 = 2 × × 35(10 + 8) + 2 × × (102 − 82 )=

7 7

=145 4186.08 cm2

We have, f(5) 145, is the remainder when f(x) is 7. The volume of a hemisphere and a right circular

divided by (x-5) cylinder is equal. Also, the radius of hemisphere is

4. if (x-1) and (x+1) are factors of ax3+x2-2x+b, equal to the height of cylinder. The ratio of their

find a and b? radii is

(a)a=2,b=-1 (b)a=1,b=-2

(a) √2 ∶ √3 (b) √3 ∶ 1

(c)a=2,b=-2 (d)a=-2,b=3

Ans(a) (c) √3 ∶ √2 (d) 2 ∶ √3

Sol. Ans.(c)

let p(x)= ax3+x2-2x+b Sol.

Since (x+1) and (x-1) are the factors of p(x) Radius of hemisphere = height of cylinder

p(-1)=0, p(1)=0 = r unit

Volume of hemisphere

⇒p(-1)= a(-1)3+(-1)2-2(-1)+b=0 ∴ =1

a-b=3……….(1) Volume of cylinder

p(1)=a(1)3+(1)2-2(1)+b=0

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20

πr

⇒3 2 =1

4

12

πr1 r Side of the second square = = 3 cm

r2 3 4

⇒ 2= Difference of the areas of these squares = (5 × 5 –

r1 2 3 × 3) cm2

r √3 = (25 – 9) cm2

⇒ = = √3 ∶ √2

r1 √2 = 16 cm2

8. If a sphere of radius r is divided equally in four ∴ Area of the third square = 16 cm2

parts, the total surface area of the all four parts ∴ Side of third square = √16 = 4 cm

will be ∴ Perimeter of this square = (4 ×4) cm = 16 cm

(a) 4πr 2 square unit (b) 2πr 2 square unit 11. A kite is flying, attached to a thread which is

(c) 8πr 2 square unit (d) 3πr 2 square unit 144 m long. The thread makes an angle of 60° with

Ans.(c) the ground. Find the height of the kite from the

Sol. ground, assuming that there is no slack in the

Required total surface area = 4𝜋𝑟 2 + 4 × 𝜋𝑟 2 thread.

= 8𝜋𝑟 2 sq. unit (a) 124.7m (b) 122m

9. ABC is an equilateral triangle of side 4 cm. With (c) 135m (d) 120 m

A, B, C as centres and radius 2 cm three arcs are Ans(a)

drawn. The area of the region within the triangle Sol.

bounded by the three arcs is

π 3π

(a) 3 (√3 − ) cm2 (b) (4√3 − ) cm2

2 2

π

(c) (4√3 − 2π)cm2 (d) ( − 4√3) cm2

2

Ans.(c)

Sol.

Let AB = h meters

From right ∆ OBA,

AB √3 h √3

∴ = sin60° = =

OA 2 144 2

144√3

∴h= = 124.7 m

2

12. A tree breaks due to the storm, and top of the

broken part touches the ground making an angle

of 30° with the ground. The distance from the foot

Each angle of the triangle = 60°

of the tree to the point, where the top touches the

Required area of the three sectors

ground is 15metres find the height of the tree.

60 20 20

=3× × π(2)2 (a) m (b) m

360 3 √3

= 2π cm2 (c)

10

m (d) 15√3m

√3 √3

Area of equilateral triangle= × 16= 4√3 Ans.(d)

4

√3 Sol.

So, Area bounded by 3 arcs= × 16 − 2𝛱 =

4

(4√3 − 2π) cm2

10. The perimeters of two squares are 20 cm and

12 cm. The perimeter of a third square, whose

area is equal to the difference of the area of these

squares, is

(a) 24 cm (b) 16 cm

(c) 36 cm (d) 28 cm

Ans.(b)

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Let AB be a tree.

The broken part AC touches the ground at D,

making an angle of 30° with the ground

Let AC = x ∴ CD = x

BC

In right angled ∆BCD tan 30° =

BD

1 y 15

⇒ = ⇒y= m.

√3 15 √3

BD √3 15 30

Also cos30° = ⇒ = ⇒x= m

CD 2 x √3 Suppose height of the tower CD = x m

30 15 Let A and B be the points of observations.

Height of the tree = AB = x + y = m+ m

√3 √3 And distance BC = y

= 15√3 m 9 3

tanA = , tan B =

13. A tower is 60 m high. Its shadow becomes x m 40 4

shorter, when the sun’s altitude become 45° than Now in right angle ∆BCD

when it is 30°. Find x. CD x 3

tanB = ⇒ = … . (i)

(a) 45.16 m (b) 43.92 m BC y 4

(c) 46.90 m (d) 42..60 m Again, in right angle ∆ ACD

Ans.(b) CD CD

tanA = ⇒ = tanA

Sol. AC AB + BC

x 9

⇒ = … . (ii)

364 + y 40

Dividing (i) and (ii) we get,

x 364 + y 3 40

⇒ × = ×

y x 4 9

364 + y 10

⇒ = ⇒ 10y = 3(364 + y)

y 3

⇒ 10y − 3y = 1092 ⇒ 7y = 1092 ∴ y = 156 m.

In right angled ∆ ABC

Putting the value of y in (i) we get

AB

x 3

tan 45° = = ⇒ x = 117

BC 156 4

AB 60 Hence height of the tower = 117 m.

⇒1= ⇒1= ⇒ BC = 60 m … . (i) 15. A person standing on the bank of a river

BC BC

In right angle ∆ ABD tan 30° =

𝐴𝐵 observes that the angle of elevation subtended on

𝐵𝐷

1 60 the top of a tree standing on the opposite bank is

= ⇒ BD = 60√3 60°. When he goes 120 m away from the bank, he

√3 BD finds that the angle changes to 30°, then the

⇒ BD = 60 × 1.732 ⇒ BD = 103.92 m

breadth of the rivers is

x= CD = BD – BC

(a) 60 m (b) 70 m

x = 103.92 – 60 = 43.92m.

(c) 86.6 m (d) 100 m

14. At a point on level ground, the angle of

Ans.(a)

elevation of a vertical tower is found to be such

9 Sol. Given: Angle subtended on tree= 60°.

that its tangent is .On walking 364 meters Let height of tree = h and breadth of river = x and

40

towards the tower, the tangent of the angle is CD = 120 m.

3

found to be . Find the height of the tower.

4

(a) 120 m (b) 140 m

(c) 117 m (d) 210 m

Ans.(c)

Sol.

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AB h So, ∠𝑂𝑃𝑄 = 180 − (50 + 90)

We know that in ∆ABC, tan 60° = =

h

CB x = 40

or√3 = or h = √3x …(i) ∠𝑄𝑃𝑅 = 2∠𝑂𝑃𝑄

x

We also know that in ∆ABD, = 2 × 40 = 80°

AB h 1 h Q18. The radius of a wheel is 28m what is the

tan 30° = = or = distance (in m) travelled by the wheel in 20

BD 120 + x √3 120 +x

or √3h = 120 + x …(ii) revolutions?

Substituting the value of h in equation (ii), we get (a) 660 (b) 1760

(c) 1980 (d) 2640

√3(√3x) = 120 + x

Ans.(b)

or 3x – x = 120 or 2x = 120 or x = 60 m. Sol. Distance travelled = 20 × 2πr

16.ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral and AB is the 22

diameter of the circle. If ∠CAB = 52°, then what is = 10 × 2 × × 28

7

the value (in degrees) of ∠ADC? =1760m

(a) 52° (b) 77° Q19. Three circles of radius 14 cm are placed in

(c) 138° (d) 142° such a way that each circle touches the other two.

Ans.(d) What is the area of the portion enclosed by the

Sol. three circles?

(a) (196√3 –308) cm2 (b) (200√3 –316) cm2

(c) (182√3 –312)cm2 (d) (197√3 –322)cm2

Ans.(a)

Sol.

= 38°

Cyclic quadrilateral → ∠𝐴𝐷𝐶 = (180° − 38)

= 142°

Q17.Two tangents are drawn from a point P to a

circle at Q and R. If O is the centre of the circle and Area of the portion enclosed by the three circles

∠QOP =50°, then what is the value (in degrees) of = Area of ∆ABC – Area of semicircle

∠QPR? √3 180

= × 28 × 28 − 𝜋𝑟²

(a) 60° (b) 80° 4 360

(c) 90° (d) 100° 1 22

= √3 × 14 × 14 − × × 14 × 14

Ans.(b) 2 7

Sol. = (196√3 − 308) cm2

Q20.In the following figure, O is the centre of the

circle and ∠POQ = 130o. What is the value (in

degrees) of ∠PTQ?

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ordinates of B are (6, -4) and C are (0,8). What are

the co-ordinates of point A?

(a) (-1, 6) (b) (1, -6)

(c) (-1, -6) (d) (1, 6)

Ans.(d);

Sol.

(a) 100° (b) 75°

(c) 115° (d) 150°

Ans.(c) By section formula,

Sol. x=

5×0 + 1×6

𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑦 =

5 × 8+1×(–4)

5+1 5+1

x = 1 and y = 6

Point A (x, y) = (1, 6)

23. What is the slope of the line parallel to the line

passing through the points (4, -3) and (-3, 6)?

(a) 9/5 (b) -5/9

(c) -9/7 (d) 5/9

Ans(c)

1 Sol.

∠PRQ = ∠POQ 6 –(–3) 9

2 Slope of given line = =–

1 –3–4 7

= ×130° Since both lines are parallel, so both lines have

2

=65° same slope.

In cyclic quadrilateral PRQT 24. The co-ordinates of the centroid of a triangle

∠PRQ + ∠PTQ = 180° ABC are (-2,4). What are the co-ordinates of vertex

∠PTQ = 115° C if co-ordinates of A and B are (-3, -2) and (4, 5)

21.What is the reﬂection of the point (-4, 3) in the respectively?

line x = -2? (a) (-5, 9) (b) (3, 9)

(a) (-4, -7) (b) (4, 3) (c) (-5, -9) (d) (5, -8)

(c) (0, 3) (d) (-4, 7) Ans (a);

Ans.(c); Sol. Let C = (x, y)

Sol. ATQ,

𝑥+(–3)+4 𝑦+(–2)+5

= – 2 𝑎𝑛𝑑 =4

3 3

x = – 5 and y = 9

∴c(x, y) = (–5, 9)

3

25. ax + 4y = 6 has slope − .What is the value of a?

4

(a) -2 (b) 2

(c) 3 (d) -3

Ans .(c);

–3

Sol. Slope of given line =

4

–𝑎 –3

=

4 4

a=3

26. How many numbers are there from 1000 to

7000 which are both perfect squares and perfect

cubes?

(a) 0 (b) 1

(c) 2 (d) 3

Ans (c);

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must satisfy a² = N, where a is another positive Sol.

number. 31² = 961

Similarly, N = b³ where b is another positive 32² = 1024

integer So, 1024 is the smallest four-digit number this is

So, N = a² = b³ perfect square of 32.

Thus, if N is a 6th power of some other number C, Q30. 411+ 412+ 413 + 414 is divisible by _____.

then this would certainly work. (a) 7

Say (b) 14

N = C⁶ = a² = b³ (c) 17

So, it will be easy to find solutions if we pick (d) 9

numbers with 6th powers. Ans.(c)

We know that 3⁶ = 729 Sol.

Here, 729 is a number which is square of 27 and 411 + 412 + 413 + 414

cube of 9. ⇒ 411 [1 + 41 + 4² + 4³]

And 4⁶ = 4096 ⇒ 411[ 1+ 4 + 16 + 64]

5⁶ = 15625 ⇒ 411 × 85

So, 4096 is a number which is square of 64 and Which is divided by 17

cube of 16. 31.Chance that ravi tells truth is 35% and for Roop

So, only two number exists between 1000 and is 75%. In what percent they likely to contradict

7000. each other in the same question?

27. If 35N is divisible by 11, then what is the value (a)

9

40

of N? 3

(a) 1 (b)

5

35

(b) 3 (c)

40

(c) 4 23

(d)

(d) 9 40

Ans.(a) Ans(d)

Sol. Sol.

35 7

P(A) = =

100 20

75 3

and P(B) = =

100 4

Now they are contradicting means one lies and

⇒ 2N should be 22. other speaks truth

N=2 7 1 13 7 39 46 23

. So, Probability = * + * ¾ = + = =

Q28. If N = (√9 - √5)/(√9 + √5), then what is the 20 4 20 80 80 80 40

value of N + (1/N)? 32. Two dice are thrown simultaneously. What is

(a) 2√2 the probability of getting the sum of the numbers

(b) 7 as even?

1

(c) 10 (a)

3

(d) 13 2

(b)

Ans.(b) 3

1

√9−√5 1 √9+√5 (c)

Sol. N = , = 2

3

√9+√5 N √9−√5

1 9+5−2√45+9+5+2√45 28 (d)

4

N+ = = =7

N 9−5 4 Ans (c)

Q29. Which is the smallest four digit number that Sol.

is a perfect square? Throw two dice n(s)=36, E is sum of numbers is

(a) 1024 even.

(b) 1048 Hence E={( 1,1 ),(1,3 ) (1,5 ) (2,2 ) , (2,4 ) , (2,6 ),

(c) 1021 …………( 6,2 ), (6,4 ), ( 6,6 )} n(E)= 18

(d) 1089

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18 1

?=315

36 2 2 1 3 1

33. Four persons are chosen at random from a 38. (15 + 33 ) + 18 × 7 = ? +34

3 3 4 25

group of 3 men, 5 women and 4 children. What is (a) 147 (b)164

the probability of exactly two of them being men? (c)164 (d)210

(a) 10/60 (b) 12/55 Ans.(a)

(c) 25/60 (d) 13/60 2 1 3 1

Sol: (15 + 33 ) + 18 × 7 = ? +34

Ans(b) 47

3

100

3

75 176

4 25

Sol : (

3

+

3

)+

4

×

25

=? +34

Total People = 3 + 5 + 4 = 12 147

+132 =?+34

n(s)=12𝐶4 ,Probability of exactly two men and 3

(3C ×9C ) 12 ?=147

⇒ P= 2 2 => 39. 544 ÷ 16 × 32 – 766 + 224 = ?

12𝐶4 55

34. From a deck of 52 cards, 3 cards are chosen at (a) 342 (b) 424

random. What is the probability that all are face (c) 546 (d) 625

cards? Ans.(c)

(a) 14/1105 (b) 19/1105 Sol. 544 ÷ 16 × 32 – 766 + 224 = ?

(c) 23/1105 (d) 11/1105 34×32-766+224=?

Ans (d) 1088-766+224=?

Sol: There are 3×4 = 12 face cards in 52 cards ?=546

12𝐶

So, required probability = 3 =

11 40. 88% of 1850 + 35% of 2400 = ? + 758

52𝐶3 1105

(a) 1710 (b) 1850

35. The probability of Bhola and samar passing an

1 2 (c) 1620 (d) 1580

exam is and , respectively. Find the probability Ans.(a)

3 3

that at least one of them passes the exam. Sol. 88% of 1850 + 35% of 2400 = ? + 758

5 1 88 35

(a) (b) × 1850 + × 2400=?+758

12 4 100 100

(c) (d)

7 1

1628+840-758=?

9 2

?=1710

Ans.(c)

1 2 41.The equations mx + n = 0 and px + q = 0 are

Sol. Required probability = × (1 − ) + homogeneous, if

3 3

(1 − ) × + ×

1 2 1 2 (a)mq = pn

7

3 3 3 3

(b)mq + pn = 0

= (c)mn - pq = 0

9

4

36. of 441÷18+14 = √? (BODMAS RULE) (d)mn + pq = 0

7

(a) 684 (b) 740 Ans(a)

(c) 784 (d) 810 sol.

𝑚 𝑛

Ans.(c) These equaton are homogeneous if =

𝑝 𝑞

Sol. i.e, mq=pn

4 1

× 441 × + 14= √? Hence, option a is correct.

7 18

42. What is the value of x + y in the solution of the

14+14= √?

equations 3x+4y=5 and x+2y=2:

?= 282 3

?=784 (a)

2

37. 2450 ÷ 7 + 112 × 2.5 = ? × 2 (b)2

(a) 300 (b) 315 (c)

1

3

(c) 325 (d) 330 (d)none of these

Ans(b) Ans(a)

1

sol. 2450× + 112 × 2.5=?× 2 Sol. 3x+4y=5………….(1)

7

350+280=?× 2

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x+2y=2…………….(2) (d)13

solving equation (1)and(2) we have- Ans(c)

1

y= and x=1 Sol.

2

3 Let the number be y,

so, x+y =

2

hence option (b) is correct. y Y 5y – 4y

43. If a two-digit number is added to a number ∴ = +8⇒ =8

4 5 20

obtained by reversing the digits of the given

number, then the sum is always divisible by which ⇒ y = 20 × 1.7 = 34

one of the following numbers? ∴ Sum of digits = 3 + 4 = 7.

(a) 7 Hence, option C is correct.

(b) 9 46. If the complementary angle of a triangle is one

(c) 10 fourth of his supplementary angle, then find the

(d) 11 value of this angle.

Ans(d) (a) 60⁰

Sol. let a two-digit number be (10x+y) and (b)95⁰

reversing number be(10y+x) (c)30⁰

So, required sum= 10x+y+10y+x= 11x+11y (d) 120⁰

=11(x+y) Ans: (a)

Hence, it's divisible by 11. Sol. Let angle be x

Hence, option (d) is correct. ATQ,

44. What is the sum of two numbers whose 1

differences is 60 and greater number is 5 times 90 − x = (180 − x )

more then the smaller number? 4

(a)100 360 − 4 x = 180 − x

(b)80

(c)120 3x = 180

(d)90 x = 60

Ans(d) 47. In the figure given below PQR is a triangle PR

Sol. is parallel to PN . If QR = PR, then what is the Value

Let the greater number be x and smaller number of RPN

be y

∴ x – y = 60 ..... (i)

and x = 5y ..... (ii)

From eqs. (i) and (ii)

5y – y = 60

60

⇒y= = 15

4

x = 5 × 15 = 75 (a) 70⁰

Hence, required sum = x + y = 75 + 15 = 90. (b)45⁰

Hence, option D is correct. (c)50⁰

45.If one-fourth of a two-digit number exceeds its (d) 30⁰

one-fifth by 1.7, then what is the sum of the digits Ans: (a)

of the number? Sol.

(a)8 Let RPN = x

(b)15 Given that -

QR is parallel to PN.

(c)7

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ABC DFE, A = 30, C = 50,

QPN = 180 − 70 = 110

AB = 5cm, AC = 8cmand DF = 7.5cm

QR = PR

then the following is true:

So, PQR isan isosceles triangle (a) DE = 12cm, F = 50

= RQR = QPR = 70 (b) DE = 12cm, F = 100

Now, QPN = QPR + RPN (c) EF = 12cm, D = 100

110 = 70 + RPN (d) EF = 12cm, D = 30

Ans: (b)

RPN = 40 Sol. Given,

48. Find the value of x for which DE BC given

figure,

ABC DFE

AB DF

=

(a) 3 AC DE

(b)6 5 7.5

(c)2

and =

8 DE

(d) none of these

Ans: (a) DE = 12cm

Sol. In DEF

In ∆ABC and ∆ADE

A = A ( common angle ) DFE = 180 ( DEF + FDE )

= 100

D = B ( an lg eetween two parallal line ) So option (b) is correct.

E = C 50. in triangle ABC, D & E are two points on sides

AB and BC such that DE AC and AD:DB = 3:2.

So, ABC ADE

Find the ratio of area of trapezium ACED and area

AD AE of ∆BED.

Now, = (a) 20 : 7

DB EC

(b) 25 : 4

x x+3 (c) 4 : 25

=

3x + 4 3x + 19 (d) 21 : 4

Ans: (d)

3x 2 + 19 x = 3x 2 + +9 x + 4 x + 12 Sol.

6 x = 12

=2

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( )

then value of q p − 1 is equal to:

2

(a) 2p

(b) 3p

(c) 0

(d) 2pq

Ans: (c)

Sol.

q ( p 2 − 1) = ( sec + cos ec ) ( sin + cos ) − 1

2

= (1 + 2sin .cos − 1)

D = A ( DE AC ) sin cos

= 2 ( sin + cos )

E = C ( DE AC )

= 2p

BDE BAC

Ratio of area = (ratio of sides)

2 2 53. Find the maximum and minimum value of

area of BDE BD 2 4 8cos +15sin +15

= = =

area of BAC AB 5 25 (a) 30,8

Area of trapezium ACDE = area of ∆BAC - area of (b) 32,-2

∆BDE (c) 23,8

= 25 – 4 = 21 (d) 1 2 + 15,15

Required Ratio = 21 : 4 Ans(b)

51. if cos 9 = sin and 9 90, then the Sol. By Pythagoras triplets, we know that 8, 15, 17

value of cot 5 is are in Pythagoras triplets.

1 8 15

(a) 17 cos + sin

3 17 17

(b) 3

8

Let there be a angle B for which sin =

(c) 1 17

(d) 15

Ans(c) cos =

Sol. Given,

17

cos 9 = sin = 17 ( sin cos + cos sin ) + 15

or cos 9 = cos ( 90 − ) = 17 ( sin ( + ) ) + 15

9 = 90 − We know that

= 9 sin ( A + B ) min = −1

cot 5 = cot 45 max value = 17 1 + 18 = 32

=1 min value = 17 1 + 15 = −2

11

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54.If cos 𝜃 – √3 sin 𝜃 = 2 sin 𝜃. Find the value of θ (a) 900 cm2

=? (b) 625 cm2

(a)

𝜋 (c) 441 cm2

12

𝜋 (d) 225 cm2

(b) Ans: (b)

10

𝜋

(c) Sol. We lane side of square Z =

6

𝜋

(d) 202 + 152 = 25cm

5

Ans.(a) Area of square Z = 625 cm2

Sol.

cos 𝜃 – √3 sin 𝜃 = 2 sin 𝜃 57. What is the length of side BD In given figure.

cos 𝜃 = (√3 + 2) sin 𝜃

sin 𝜃 = cos 𝜃 (2– √3)

sin 𝜃 = 2 cos 𝜃 – √3 cos 𝜃

1 √3

sin 𝜃 + cos 𝜃 = cos 𝜃

2 2

𝜋

Or cos ( – 𝜃) = cos 𝜃

6

π π

θ = – θ, θ =

6 12

55. What is the simplified value of

𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴

(a) 4 13 cm

√ + ?

𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴–1 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴+1 (b) 16 13 cm

(a) √2 sec A (b) √2 cosec A

(c) sec² A (d) 2 sec A (c) 5 15 cm

Ans.(a) (d) 25 15 cm

Sol.

Ans: (a)

𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴

√ + = Sol. In ∆ABC

( by pythagoras theorem )

𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴–1 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴+1

(𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴+1) 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴+(𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴–1) 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴

AC 2 = AB 2 − BC 2

√

= 202 − 122

(𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴–1)(𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴+1)

=√

𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 2 𝐴 – 1

AC 2 = 256

2 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 2 𝐴

=√ AC = 16cm

𝑐𝑜𝑡 2 𝐴

𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴 Now, CD = 24 − 16 = 8cm

= √2 = √2 𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝐴

𝑐𝑜𝑡 𝐴 In BCD

56. What is the area of square Z , if length of

square x and y are 15 cm and 20 cm Respectively. BD 2 = BC 2 + CD 2

= 144 + 64

= 208

= 4 13

then find the perimeter of rectangle.

12

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AD = 10 cm, AB = 9cm DC = 3cm , find the length of

AC.

(a) 13.40 cm

(b) 12.50 cm

(c) 15cm

(d) 12.04cm

(a) 34cm Ans: (d)

(b) 36cm Sol.

(c) 18cm

(d) 15cm

Ans: (a)

Sol. Side DC = AC 2 − AD 2 (by Pythagoras

theorem)

= 132 − 52

DC = 12cm

Perimeter = 2 (5+12)

= 34 cm

59 In the given figure find the length of AM

Draw a parallel line DE of BC.

In right angle ∆AED

AE= 6 cm

ED = AD 2 − AE 2 (by Pythagoras

theorem)

ED = 100 − 36 = 8cm

ED = BC = 8cm

(a) 16cm In right angle ∆ABC

(b) 9cm AC 2 = AB 2 + BC 2

(c) 12cm

(d) Non e of these = 81 + 64

Ans(c)

Sol. Let BM = x , then MC = 18-x AC = 145

Now in ∆ABM and ∆AMC = 12.04cm

AM 2 = AB 2 − 8M 2 .................. ( i ) 61. Find the 10th term of the arithmetic

progression 1,3.5,5,8.5 ………..

and AM 2 = AC 2 − MC 2 ............... ( ii ) (a) 25

From eqn (i) and (ii) (b) 23.5

(c) 21.5

AB 2 − BM 2 = AC 2 − MC 2 (d) 26

152 − ( x ) = 152 − (18 − x ) Ans(b)

2 2

225 − x 2 = 225 − 324 − x 2 + 36 x n=10

a =1

13M = x = 9cm 10th term = a+(n-1)d

AM 2 = 152 − 92 ( from eqn ( i ) ) = 1+(10-1)2.5

=1+9×2.5

AM = 12cm =23.5

13

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Find the first Numbers.

(a) 19 6a + 30d = 9a + 72d

(b) 20

3a = −42d a = −14d

(c) 18

(d) 17 a15 = a + 14d ( a = −14d )

Ans: (c)

Sol. 5 consecutive Numbers form an A.P with = −14d + 14d

difference = 1 =0

n=5 65. find the sum of the first there elements of an

S ( 5 ) = 100, d = 1 A.P for which a1 + a5 = 22 and a8 − a5 = 6

n (a) 18

Sn =

2

( 2a + ( n − 1) d ) (b) 25

(c) 27

5 (d) 36

100 = ( 2a + 4 1) Ans(c)

2

Sol.

40 = 2a + 4

a8 + a5 = 6 = a + 7d − a − 4d = 6

a = 18

First number = 18

3d = 6, d = 2

now, a1 + a5 = 22 = a + a + 4d = 22

63. Let an be an arithmetic progession, if

2a + 8 = 22

a1 = 4 and a3 = 10, find a11

(a) 34 a=7

(b) 30 n

(c) 31 Sn =

2

( 2a + ( n − 1) d )

(d) 37

Ans: (a) 3

Sol. S3 = ( 2 7 + 2 2 )

2

a1 = 4 we have an = a + ( n − 1) d = 27

a3 = a + 2d = 10 ............... ( i ) 66 Solve for the value of x , x − 15 x + 56 = 0

2

(a) x = 14 or x = 4

a = 4 ............................. ( ii )

(b) x = 8 or x = 7

From, eqn (i) and (ii)

d=3 (c) x = 28 or x = 2

a11 = a + 10d (d) none of these

Ans: (b)

= 4 + 10 3 Sol.

= 34 x 2 − 15 x + 56 = 0

64. If 6 times of six term of an A.P is equal to 9

times of 9th term, find the 15th term. x 2 − 8 x − 7 x + 56 = 0

(a)15 x ( x − 8) − 7 ( x − 8) = 0

(b)0

(c)-5 ( x − 8)( x − 7 ) = 0

(d)19

Ans.(b) x =8

Sol. Given,

14

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67. Find x , if 2 x + 7 x + 4 = 0 x 2 − 12 x + 35 = x 2 − 7 x − 5 x + 35

2

(a)

−7 17 x ( x − 7) − 5( x − 7)

4

( x − 7 )( x − 5)

−7 7 Roots = 5 and 7 and the lesser one is 5

(b)

4 Q70.in the following question two quantities

are given. Compare the numeric value of both

17

(c) −7 the quantities and answer accordingly.

4 QuantityI. 3x² - 23x + 40 =0

17 QuantityII. 2y² - 23y + 66 = 0

(d) −7 (a). if x < y

2 (b). if x ≤ y

Ans: (a) (c). if x = y or no relation can be established

Sol. We have the quadratic formula to find the between x and y.

roots of equation ax + bx + c = 0

2

(d). if x > y

Ans.(a)

−b b 2 − 4ac Sol.

x=

2a 3x² - 15x – 8x + 40 = 0

here a = 2, b = 7, c = 4 3x (x – 5) – 8 (x – 5) = 0

8

𝑥 = ,5

−7 49 − 4 2 4

3

So, x = II.

2 2 2y² - 23y + 66 = 0

2y² - 12y – 11y + 66 = 0

−7 17 2y (y – 6) – 11 (y – 6) = 0

=

4 11

𝑦= ,6

68. For what value of K does the equation 2

Hence, x < y

x 2 − 12 x + K = 0 have real and equal roots:

71.Which one of the following numbers is not

(a) 6

rational?

(b) 35 2

(c) 12 (a) (b)√2

3

3

(d) 36 (c) (d)3

4

Ans: (d) Ans.(b)

Sol. b − 4ac = 0 for the eqn to have real and

2

Sol. √2 is not the rational number as we can not

equal roots 𝑝

express it in the form of , 𝑤ℎ𝑒𝑟𝑒 𝑞 ≠ 0.

( −12 )

2 𝑞

− 4 1 K = 0 72. For which of the rectangles A, B, C and D is the

diagonal length rational?

144 = 4 K

K = 36

x 2 − 12 x + 35 = 0

(a) 7

(b) 6

(c) 5

(d) 3

Ans: (c)

Sol.

15

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(b) D 225

(c) A (a)√

9

(d) C (b)√59

Ans.(a) (c)√40000

Sol. Length of diagonal of rectangle A =√162 + 82 = (d) 4.45

8√5cm Ans.(b)

Length of diagonal of rectangle B =√152 + 82 = Sol. An irrational number is any number that

17cm cannot be written as a fraction of whole numbers.

89

Length of diagonal of rectangle C =√162 + 92 = 0.45 can be written as the fraction . The term

20

√337 cm 225

√ =5 is a whole number. The square root of

Length of diagonal of rectangle D =√172 + 102 = 9

√389cm 40000= 200, also a whole number. 59, is not a

Hence, option(a) is correct, Length of diagonal of perfect square therefore, it is an irrational

rectangle A , C and D are irrational. number. So, option(b) is correct.

73. If x = 36 and y = 4, which of the following are 75. What do you get when you multiply two

rational? irrational numbers?

(a)√𝑥 + 𝑦 (a)intgers

(b)always rational

(b)√𝑥𝑦

(c)always irrational

(c)√𝑥 − 𝑦 (d) sometimes rational and sometimes irrational

(d)√𝑥 2 + 𝑦 2 Ans(d)

Ans.(b) Sol. Sometime rational and sometime irrational

Sol. For example, if we take two irrational like

option(a)-√𝑥 + 𝑦=√40=2√10 √2 𝑎𝑛𝑑√2 and multiply them the answer is 2

Option(b)- √𝑥𝑦=√36 × 4 =12 which is rational.

Option(c)-√𝑥 − 𝑦 =√32= 4√2 But we took the product of π and √2 ,we have π√2

which cannot

Option(d)= √𝑥 2 + 𝑦 2 =√362 + 42 =√1312

Hence option (b) is correct.

16

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17

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