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K N O W -H O W
Due to a rising water demand glob- transport, and water distribution. Due
ally, it needs the right technology to to their high efficiencies, which are
ensure a long-lasting and sustainable significantly above the industrial av-
water supply. More than 165 years erage, our pumps are highly cost-ef- More about
of experience and comprehensive fective and have a long service life.
know-how, form the basis for the Additionally, their reliability and ro-
high-standard of ANDRITZ pumps. The bustness have made ANDRITZ pumps
trusted range of our pumps is used to the first choice for applications in the
remove water from wells and springs, water sector.
as well as for water treatment, water

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CONTENTS February 2019 Vol 01 | Issue 04

16 18 20 22

WATER 27 28

Smart Water & Waste World looks
at the rapidly changing structure
of water purification & treatment
market and new power dynamics
within the segment with the
emergence of regional water
associations and entrepreneurs.














<< editor’s note

The Serious Business

of Purification
et me begin by sharing some facts and results of recent market studies about water purification
which affects 3.3 billion people around the world. Around 900 million people still lack access
to the clean water and sanitation facilities. India has the world’s highest number of people
who still do not have access to clean water. As per the World Bank, per capita availability of renewable
internal freshwater in India is only 1,118 m3 (while the global average is 5,917 m3).
The levels of TDS (Total Dissolved Solids), hardness, chlorides, and nitrates have crossed permissi-
ble limits in Indian cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mumbai, and
MAYUR SHARMA | Editor Pune.
According to Allied Market Research, the Water Purifier Market is expected to garner USD 45.3 bil-
lion by 2022, registering a CAGR of 10.4% during 2016-2022. Countries such as India and China are
@SmartWWW_IN likely to unfold attractive business opportunities in this market in the coming years.
A Transparency Market Research (TMR) report says that the regional analysis of water purifier mar-
ket highlights the growth of the Asia Pacific region in the global market. The region accounts for ap-
proximately 60% of the world population which becomes a strong influencer of the market. The region-
al market is expected to register a CAGR of 11.9% over 2017-2025. The replacement filters segment
is likely to lead the global water purifiers market with a strong 9.50% CAGR throughout this period.
As per industry analysts, in India, around half a million households purchase water purifiers ev-
ery year. The market is growing at 15-20% per year. They say that the market for low-cost purifiers is
growing at 35-40% a year. A Transparency Market Research forecast says that the Indian water purifier
market will be worth USD 4.1 billion by 2024.
According to, the basic RO is a major market shareholder in the Indian
Water Purifier market but will be beaten by RO + UV + UF by the end of 2022-23. In 2016-17, RO+ Wa-
An over-indulgence ter Purifier and UV Water Purifier have contributed more than 75% to the total water purifier market
of anything, even in value terms.
There is a huge price difference between the organized and unorganized players in the Indian water
something as pure as purifier market. While some top brands among organized players in India are claiming of capturing
water, can intoxicate. 10% market share in water purifiers in the next 3 years, the unorganized players are trying their best
to be organized through emerging e-commerce online platforms. While these platforms have undoubt-
- Criss Jami edly created a level playing field by providing robust distribution channels, the quality of components
and after-sales service will go a long way in deciding who gets the lion’s share in the long run.
The prime focus of water purifier companies in the coming years will be on...smaller and more com-
pact water purifiers, eliminating the need of electricity in water purification process, remineralization,
and the launch of Smart Purifiers (use of IoT for real-time water quality sensing and connecting the
consumers with service-providers based on these readings).
Our next two magazine issues will be March (Reviving Our Rivers, Sewage & Sludge Management),
and April (Jal Sabha 2019 Special Issue, Reverse & Forward Osmosis). And we welcome editorial con-
tributions on these and all other topics which you find significant for the water sector.

Smart Water & Waste WorldTM Vol 01 No 4 February 2019

FOUNDER & CEO Pages 64
Kailash Shirodkar Printed and Published by Shailesh
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Subhash Sethi Receives ‘ET WABAG Secures Desalination Order from

Most Promising Business Mangalore Refinery
Leaders of Asia Award’ Mayur Sharma struction, and commissioning successful commissioning,
India of a 30 MLD seawater desali- WABAG will also be awarded a
Mayur Sharma nation plant over a period of contract towards the operation
India VA TECH WABAG Limit- 22 months. WABAG will build & maintenance of the plant for
ed has secured Rs. 467 crore the plant using state of the art a period of 10 years.
‘THE ECONOMIC TIMES worth order from Mangalore technologies, including seawa- Commenting on this order,
Most Promising Business Refinery and Petrochemicals ter reverse osmosis, brackish Pankaj Sachdeva, CEO - India
Leaders of Asia Award 2018- Limited (MRPL) towards en- water reverse osmosis, and ul- Cluster said, “This desalina-
19’ was conferred to Subhash gineering and construction of tra-filtration systems. The proj- tion order win on the back
Sethi, Chairman, SPML Infra a 30 MLD seawater desalina- ect also includes cross-country of similar order in Africa last
Ltd for his business acumen tion plant expandable up to 70 piping of 11 kilometers to de- quarter, is a testimony to WA-
and exemplary leadership MLD in Mangaluru, Karnataka. liver the water to MRPL’s refin- BAG’s technological edge in
during the ‘3rd Economic The scope of this design and ery. The plant aims to minimize providing innovative solutions
Times Asian Business Leaders build contract includes engi- the freshwater dependency of at competitive prices across the
Conclave’ held in Hong Kong neering, supply, erection, con- MRPL once completed. Post globe.”
in January 2019.
On receiving the award, Sub- tions and a legacy of more
hash Sethi, Chairman, SPML than 600 landmark projects,
Infra Limited said: “I wish to
express my sincere gratitude to
we are committed to making
significant contributions in The Ténès Desalination Plant Reaches
200 Million Cubic Meters of Produced
The Economic Times and jury providing clean drinking wa-
members for this appreciation ter facilities and proper elec-
and honor. I have accepted this tricity connections through
award on behalf of thousands
of SPML family members
advanced power transmission
and distribution networks to Drinking Water
whose absolute dedication the millions of Indian homes
with commitment and excel-
lence has earned this honor.
and transforming their lives
for a better future.” Abengoa developed the plant and carries out its
With diverse knowledge and
innovative technology solu-
The conclave was held under
the theme of “Rethinking Asia”.
operation and maintenance since 2015.

Brown Brothers
maintenance, which will be
carried out by the company for
a period of 25 years.

Engineers Acquire GT The plant supplies the city

of Wilaya de Chlef, in the

Water Technologies
North-West of the country,
some 200 km west of Algiers,
on the Mediterranean coast,
thus helping to counter the
water scarcity problems in this
SWWW Staff sion, hydraulic systems for area.
Australia stormwater, sewage and do- In addition, the plant fea-
mestic hot water, as well as tures a system to generate elec-
BROWN BROTHERS ENGI- pump service and installation tricity sustainably by taking
NEERS/Kelair Pumps has ac- for the industry. advantage of the brine surplus
quired GT Water Technologies “Although a young compa- in the reverse osmosis process,
(GT Water) a company special- ny, GT Water has quickly es- which allows the facility’s ener-
izing in services around water tablished its service business, gy consumption to be reduced.
storage tanks to the building demonstrating strong, prof- Another environmental in-
and fire safety markets. itable growth and has a prov- novation that has been intro-
GT Water is a young, en record of taking market SWWW Staff The plant built by Abengoa duced by this plant is the CO2
fast-growing company based share,” says Ole Weiner, CEO, Algeria with reverse osmosis tech- production equipment from
in Melbourne. AxFlow Holding. “This is in nology and with a capacity of natural gas for the remineral-
GT Water is particularly line with AxFlow’s strategy of THE TÉNÈS DESALINA- 200,000 m3/d started its com- ization of the water prior to
strong in pump systems and adding value through product TION plant, in Algeria, built mercial operation in February entering the water grid.
assemblies with the main selection, system design, and by Abengoa, has reached 200 2015. This makes the water less
products being storage tanks construction, as well as local million cubic meters of pro- Since then, Abengoa is in corrosive after the reverse os-
and systems for fire suppres- service.” duced drinking water. charge of its operation and mosis process.

10 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Xylem Supported Safe Water Nitin Gadkari Lays Foundation Stones

Project Earns Top Ranking in for Namami Gange Projects in Agra and
Manchester City’s Campaign Mathura
The ‘Safe Water Project’ Will A concession agreement for Namami Gange
benefit over 5,000 children in projects in Prayagraj also signed.
Bangalore, India.
Mayur Sharma
SWWW Staff funding.
India “As part of our mission to UNION MINISTER OF India
solve water, our company is for Water Resources, River De-
XYLEM HAS ANNOUNCED deeply committed to creating velopment and Ganga Rejuve-
that the ‘Safe Water project’ it is economic and social value,” nation Nitin Gadkari recently
supporting in Bangalore City, said Patrick Decker, Xylem laid the foundation stones of
Karnataka, India, garnered President, and Chief Executive six Namami Gange projects in The Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development &
Ganga Rejuvenation, Nitin Gadkari at an Event in New Delhi. The
more than 450,000 votes from Officer. Agra and Mathura.
Secretary, Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuve-
players, partners and football “It’s very encouraging to The four projects in Mathura nation, U.P. Singh can be Seen with Him (Photo Credit: PIB India).
fans around the world - earn- have fans support our Safe have a sanctioned cost of Rs.
ing the top ranking in Cityzens Water project because it re- 511.74 crore. The projects in Namami Gange projects in thority (CGWA) has notified
Giving’s fifth annual cam- flects growing awareness and Agra include comprehensive Prayagraj. Two projects have revised guidelines to regulate
paign. Bangalore’s Safe Water concern about the impact of Sewerage Scheme for creating been sanctioned for sewage and control groundwater ex-
Project, Water Goals, which water challenges on children and upgrading STPs a sanc- management in the trans-Gan- traction in India, which will
focuses on improving access and communities around the tioned cost of Rs 857.26 crore, ga/Yamuna areas in Prayagraj be effective from 01.06.2019.
to safe, clean water for over world,” said Joseph Vesey, Xy- etc. and O&M of existing sewerage The entire process of grant
5,000 children in the area, was lem Chief Marketing Officer & Nitin Gadkari also presided assets costing Rs. 908.16 crore. of NOC will be done online
the most popular project and Chair, Xylem Watermark Com- over the ceremony of signing In another development, through a web-based applica-
will receive £92,000 in grant mittee. of Concession Agreement for the Central Ground Water Au- tion system.

Narayan Krishnamohan Appointed as DuPont Water Solutions

MD of BASF India Opens New Reverse Osmosis
Membrane Manufacturing Line
SWWW Staff
India DWS also announces a global
THE BOARD OF DIREC- price increase for ion exchange
TORS of BASF India Limited and reverse osmosis products.
has approved the appoint-
ment of Narayan Krishnamo-
han as Managing Director of SWWW Staff production line is expected to
BASF India Limited, effec- Saudi Arabia be operational in early 2019.
tive April 1, 2019. He will Effective Jan. 15, 2019, or as
also lead BASF’s business in DUPONT WATER SOLU- contracts allow, DuPont Water
South Asia, including India, TIONs, a part of the DuPont Solutions has also announced
Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Safety & Construction busi- a global increase on the pric-
Pakistan. ness, has opened its new es of ion exchange resins and
Narayan Krishnamohan Reverse Osmosis (RO) pro- reverse osmosis membranes
has been with BASF for more Effective April 1, 2019, Narayan Krishnamohan will be Ap- duction line at Jubail Indus- used for water treatment and
pointed as the New Managing Director of BASF India Ltd.
than 24 years, having started trial City II in the Kingdom other industrial applications.
his journey in BASF India BASF has also co-founded to End Plastic Waste (AEPW) of Saudi Arabia. The facility Ion Exchange Resin price in-
Ltd, and subsequently han- a global alliance of nearly has committed over USD 1.0 will manufacture membrane creases range from 5-20%, and
dled various regional and 30 companies to advance billion with the goal of in- technology and enhance pro- Reverse Osmosis membrane
global leadership responsi- solutions that reduce and vesting USD 1.5 billion over duction capabilities at the ful- price increases range from
bilities in Singapore, Germa- eliminate plastic waste in the the next 5 years to help end ly integrated Sadara Chemical 5-10% for selected products/
ny, and Hong Kong. environment. The Alliance plastic waste in environment. Company complex. The new applications.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 11


Wilo Opens a New Facility in Dubai ERI Awarded USD 4.4 Million
The pump manufacturer aims to strengthen its
for Desalination Projects in
commitment in the near and Middle-East. the Sultanate of Oman
SWWW Staff SWWW Staff for all projects by 16 MW, sav-
Dubai Oman ing over 138 GWh of energy
per year and helping the facil-
THE WILO GROUP is cele- ENERGY RECOVERY, INC. ities avoid over 82,800 tons of
brating the official opening of has announced total awards CO2 emissions per year.
its new facility in Jafza (Jebel of USD 4.4 million to supply Rodney Clemente, Energy
Ali Free Zone), Dubai. “With its PX® Pressure Exchanger® Recovery’s Vice President, Wa-
the opening of our first office technology for the desalina- ter, informed, “We have seen
in Dubai in 2008, we laid the tion projects in the Sultanate unprecedented large-scale de-
groundwork for successful de- of Oman. salination activity in the Sul-
velopments in the Near and Energy Recovery will sup- tanate of Oman over the past
Middle East. This new building From Left to Right: Yunjoong Kim (WILO SE), Georg Weber (CTO ply its PX-Q300 Pressure five years.”
WILO SE), Mohammed Al Muallem (Chairman of DP World & Jafza),
and its functional expansion Peter Fischer (German Ambassador to the UAE) and Yasser Nagi
Exchangers for multiple facil- Chris Gannon, Energy Re-
account for the strategic signif- (Group Director Sales Area MENA) at the Opening Ceremony. ities, which will collectively covery’s President & CEO,
icance of this central location produce up to 200,000 m3 of stated, “We are continuing to
within the region,” says Oliver er of pumps and pump system showrooms, and a logistics cen- water per day, the equivalent see growth in the global de-
Hermes, Chairman, and CEO solutions in local markets,” said ter, the Wilo complex, which of filling 80 Olympic-size salination market, in part be-
of Wilo Group. Georg Weber, Chief Technol- covers over 8,000 square me- swimming pools. cause desalination offers one
“Since the founding of our ogy Officer of the Wilo Group, ters, will also feature dedicated Energy Recovery estimates solution to the growing water
first office about ten years ago, during his opening remarks. training rooms and its own as- the PX devices will reduce the scarcity in different parts of
we have become a major suppli- In addition to office space, sembly line. facilities’ power consumption the world.”

Multi-Million Deal with Gasum Kemira and Valmet Collaborate

Signed by Paques Europe to Bring Improvements in
Wastewater Treatment Processes
Kemira has also formed a joint venture
in South Korea called Kemira Yongsan
Chemicals Co., Ltd.

SWWW Staff why this collaboration with Kemira is

Finland a great opportunity for us,” says Heli
Located in Southern Sweden, Stora Enso’s Nymölla Mill Has an Annual Production Ca-
Karaila, Business manager, Wastewa-
pacity of 3,40,000 Tonnes Pulp and 4,85,000 Tonnes Woodfree Uncoated (WFU) Paper. TWO GLOBAL LEADERS, chemicals ter, Automation, Valmet.
company Kemira and process technol- Kemira has also signed an agree-
SWWW Staff Stora Enso have signed a contract in ogy, automation, and services compa- ment to establish a joint venture
Sweden October 2018 to build a biogas plant ny Valmet, have signed a partnership - Kemira Yongsan Chemicals Co.,
at Stora Enso’s Nymölla paper mill in agreement in Europe for collaboration Ltd (NewCo) in Ulsan, Republic of
A MULTI-MILLION contract was re- Sweden. The plant, built and operated in the water and sludge treatment cus- Korea, with Yongsan Chemicals, a
cently by Paques Europe with Gasum, by Gasum, will turn the mill’s waste- tomer applications. privately-owned chemicals company
the Nordic gas sector, and energy mar- water effluent into renewable energy. “It makes perfect sense to partner in South Korea. NewCo will produce
ket expert from Finland. The contract Gasum plans to produce Liquefied up with leading industrial automation dry polyacrylamide (DPAM), cationic
included the supply of BIOPAQ®ICX Biogas (LBG) and sell this as fuel hardware, software and equipment monomer Q9 (AMD) and other chem-
anaerobic bioreactors and a THIO- for cars, buses, trucks, and ferries. service provider like Valmet,” says Ap- icals, which are used for retention
PAQ® gas desulphurization installa- The Nymölla biogas plant project in- plication Development Manager Jussi and drainage in packaging and paper
tion in order to treat the wastewater cludes biogas production, upgrading, Ruotsalainen from Kemira. production, as well as in wastewater
stream and production of biogas from and liquefaction. The expected LBG “Polymers and chemicals are an im- treatment and in sludge dewatering.
Stora Enso’s Nymölla paper Mill. production of the plant is 220 MWh portant part of the wastewater treat- Kemira’s will make a multi-million in-
The energy company Gasum and per day. ment process which is one reason vestment in the joint venture.

12 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


AquaVenture Announces SUEZ Wins Two Contracts in Southern Indian

Participation of OPIC and Cities to Implement 24x7 Water Supply
Extension of Long-Stop Date The contracts are part of the investment program
in Ghanaian Acquisition launched in 2014 by the Government of India and
the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to implement
SWWW Staff debt, is contingent upon the 24x7 drinking water supply in cities of Karnataka
Ghana completion of the acquisition
of the desalination plant by
AQUAVENTURE HOLD- the company.
INGS Limited has announced In addition, the company SWWW Staff existing water production plant
that the Overseas Private In- has entered into an agreement India and the upgrade and rehabili-
vestment Corporation (OPIC), with Abengoa Water Nungua, tation of existing distribution
the U.S. Government’s devel- S.L.U. (Abengoa) to extend the SUEZ HAS WON two con- networks and house service
opment finance institution, long-stop date of the transac- tracts in water distribution and connections. In Puttur, SUEZ
has received approval from its tion to March 31, 2019. The network management in Udupi will rehabilitate the drinking
investment and credit com- long-stop date was previously and Puttur, two cities in Karna- water distribution system.
mittees to provide project fi- December 31, 2018. taka. These 12-year contracts, “Drinking water distribution
nancing of USD 50 million for Doug Brown, Chairman of worth a total of €27 million, contracts in India are shifting
an 18-year term in connection AquaVenture, commented: will ensure a continuous 24x7 towards water management
with the company’s pending “We continue to make signifi- water supply to a population services for a whole city, as il-
acquisition of a desalination cant progress on this acquisi- of 2,00,000 inhabitants. A re- lustrated by the last contracts
plant in Accra, Ghana. OPIC tion and I am pleased to an- markable population growth in won by SUEZ in Coimbatore,
helps American businesses in- nounce OPIC’s involvement in these cities has led to increas- Davanagere, and now in Udu-
vest in emerging markets. the project. We look forward to ing needs for drinking water pi and Puttur”, said Bertrand
The project financing, which becoming the long-term water and treatment infrastructure. Camus, Group Senior Execu-
will restructure USD 50 mil- partner to the Government of In Udupi, SUEZ will be re- tive VP - Africa, Middle East,
lion of the existing project Ghana.” sponsible for rehabilitation of India, Asia and Australia.

Government of Mongolia Wärtsilä Wins Contracts to

and ADB Sign Wastewater Supply Aquarius UV Ballast Water
Treatment Improvement Project
for Five Additional Aimags
Management System (BWMS)
The work is being carried
SWWW Staff ship Strategy for Mongolia out for ships being built at
Mongolia to improve people’s access to yards in China. The orders
services and strengthen envi- cover installations in a RoRo
THE ASIAN DEVELOP- ronmental sustainability by ferry, two RoPax, six tankers,
MENT Bank (ADB) and the ensuring that domestic and and four container vessels.
Government of Mongolia commercial wastewater is “This continued strong de-
have signed a USD 20 million properly discharged,” said Ms. mand is a very positive veri-
loan agreement to expand the Lommen. fication of the efficiency, reli-
scope of ongoing wastewater In 2010, ADB approved a ability, and robustness of the
treatment projects to an addi- USD 15 million grant to en- Wärtsilä Aquarius systems.
tional five provincial centers of hance water supply and sani- Owners around the world rec-
Mongolia. tation services, road networks, ognize the fact that our BWMS
Minister of Finance Khu- and district heating services in solutions, which are backed
relbaatar Chimed and ADB two provincial centers of Mon- by Wärtsilä’s extensive global
Country Director for Mongolia golia. An additional USD 19.43 The Wärtsilä Aquarius UV Ballast Water Management System service support network, pro-
Ms. Yolanda Fernandez Lom- million on loan has supported vide assurance that their ves-
men signed the agreement at a the construction of wastewater SWWW Staff ly awarded a number of con- sels can fully comply with the
ceremony in Ulaanbaatar. treatment plants in four more Finland tracts to supply its Aquarius regulations, even with varying
“The new wastewater treat- provinces since 2016. UV Ballast Water Management levels of water quality,” says
ment plants are closely aligned The project is expected to be THE TECHNOLOGY System (BWMS) to global ship- Arto Lehtinen, Director, Water
with ADB’s Country Partner- completed by the end of 2021. GROUP Wärtsilä was recent- ping operators. & Waste, Wärtsilä Marine.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 13


Freudenberg Filtration to Hong Kong Appoints Black & Veatch

Purchase Majority Shareholdings to Protect Town Against Floods
of Apollo Air-Cleaner The Drainage Services Department
implements Hong Kong’s first large-
SWWW Staff
scale barrage scheme to build climate
resilience and promote sustainable
Technologies Business Group has signed development in low-lying town.
a contract in China to purchase the ma-
jority shares of Apollo Air-cleaner Co.,
Ltd. The company is a leading supplier of SWWW Staff Black & Veatch optimized the orig-
air and water filtration solutions in Chi- Hong Kong inal flood alleviation scheme and
na. In 2017, Apollo had around 1,000 em- identified a favorable site for the
Apollo China Worker in the Factory
ployees and generated 750 million RMB THE DRAINAGE SERVICES De- stormwater infrastructure. The bene-
in sales (approximately 96 million EUR). water purification. The company also has partment (DSD) of the Government fits will include improving drainage
“By purchasing the majority stake in first-class production expertise and ex- of the Hong Kong Special Adminis- performance of Yuen Long Nullah.
Apollo, we are strengthening our posi- cellent networks in the industry.” trative Region (HKSAR) has appoint- “The barrage scheme will be the
tion in China’s rapidly growing market The product solutions of Apollo keep ed Black & Veatch to formulate and first of its kind in Hong Kong that uti-
for filtration solutions,” says Dr. Mohsen air or drinking water free of (ultra) fine design a barrage scheme to improve lizes a series of large-capacity pumps
Sohi, Freudenberg Group CEO. particles, dangerous gases, odors, and flood protection levels in the low-ly- and tidal barrier for flood protection.
“Apollo is a great fit for Freuden- microorganisms and protect health. At ing town of Yuen Long. We are committed to supporting our
berg,” says Dr. Andreas Kreuter, CEO of its production site in Shunde, China, the The barrage scheme is part of clients with leading-edge solutions
Freudenberg Filtration Technologies. company has established high standards DSD’s strategy to provide world-class that are versatile, cost-effective, re-
“It is an innovative technology compa- for product quality, process efficiency, wastewater and stormwater drainage silient and environmentally sustain-
ny that complements our own portfolio and workplace safety, and is certified to services to enable the sustainable de- able,” said Andy Kwok, Managing
of filtration solutions for indoor air and ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and TS 16949. velopment of Hong Kong. Director, Black & Veatch Hong Kong.

Changes Announced in the Philippines’ Bases Conversion and

Executive Committee of Sulzer Development Authority Signs Joint
Venture Agreement for New Clark City
Sulzer announces a reduction of
the size of its executive committee Smart Water Utility
and a new leader for its pumps
equipment division.
“By offering state-of-the-
art water and wastewater
services at competitive rates,
we are staying true to BCDA’s
SWWW Staff The functional sales responsi- promise for New Clark City
Switzerland bilities will be eliminated from to become the Philippines’
the CCMO role, which will be re- most attractive destination
SULZER HAS APPOINTED named Head of Group Business From Left to Right: Prime Water’s Fiorella Fabella, Gemma As- for residences and business-
Fredéric Lalanne, currently Chief Development, a non-Executive piras, and Fe Robancos with BCDA’s President Vivencio Dizon, es, and the action-oriented
Commercial and Marketing Offi- Committee role encompassing Executive VP Aileen Zosa, and VP of Finance Nena Radoc ethos of President Rodrigo
cer (CCMO), as the President of Strategy, Marketing, Digitali- Duterte’s administration,”
its Pumps Equipment division. zation and the newly attached SWWW Staff joint venture agreement with said BCDA President and
Michael Streicher, currently M&A function which previously Philippines the Philippines’ Bases Con- Chief Executive Officer Vi-
President Pumps Equipment di- reported to the CEO. Jonathan version and Development vencio Dizon.
vision, will step down from the Lloyd, currently head of Business THE CONSORTIUM OF Authority (BCDA) to deliver “ADB is pleased to deliv-
Executive Committee to assume Development for Rotating Equip- Prime Water Infrastructure next-generation smart water er a successful outcome for
his new responsibilities as Glob- ment Services, will become Head Corporation, Prime Assets and wastewater facilities for BCDA and support the devel-
al Head, Water Pumps Business, of Group Business Development, Ventures, Inc., (PAVI), MGS New Clark City. opment of the Philippines’
a business with sales of approx- reporting to the CEO. Construction, Inc., and Isra- The Asian Development greenest and smartest city,”
imately CHF450 million. In his All three above appointments el’s TAHAL Group, a global Bank (ADB) acted as transac- said the Head of ADB’s Of-
new role, Michael will report to become effective on January 1, provider of sustainable in- tion advisor to BCDA on the fice of Public-Private Partner-
Frédéric. 2019. frastructure, have signed a project. ship (OPPP) Yoji Morishita.

14 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

SUEZ Water Technologies &
WesTech Engineering
SUEZ Water Technol- gle tank. It is designed to meet customer demands
ogies & Solutions has for a compact, low cost, high-performance system
introduced TrueSense capable of treating high-solids and high-color in-
Analyze to digitally fluents to produce high-quality effluents. And be-
monitor and analyze cause both the clarification and filtration processes
boiler water chemistry, are from a single provider, it also meets the need
which can reduce water for flawless integration between processes.
and energy usage, as This innovative all-in-one treatment plant is
well as greenhouse gas an ideal choice for customers with tight space
emissions. constraints. The RapiSand Plus fits into a stan-
TrueSense Analyze dard-sized building, making it comparatively easy
measures key system to install. It also offers quick start-up times, reach-
chemistry parameters WesTech Engineering, Inc. has announced the ing steady-state operation in as little as 15 minutes
for optimization of chemistry usage and decreases availability of RapiSand Plus™, a recent addition to from power-up. And it delivers high performance
the total cost of steam production and asset manage- its line of package treatment plants for municipal while saving on installation and operations-ener-
ment. and industrial water and wastewater. gy costs. These benefits make the RapiSand Plus a
SUEZ’s new TrueSense Analyze can be used across The RapiSand Plus package treatment plant pro- cost-effective choice for municipal and industrial
multiple industries and boiler types, including typical vides both clarification and filtration within a sin- applications.
water tube and fire tube designs. It is a low-mainte-
nance analyzer that can function as a standalone sys-
tem or be integrated into existing control hardware, pre-calibrated sensors. volume total, run hours, and diagnostic information
such as SUEZ’s PaceSetter Platinum advanced water As with all other Endress+Hauser Bluetooth de- through only two wires with the optional Modbus®
and process control system. TrueSense Analyze also vices, the Liquiline compact CM82 can be operated RTU or HART serial communication option.
can enhance personnel safety and system availabili- and configured via the free SmartBlue app, which is
ty by protecting critical steam-generating assets from available on Google’s Play Store or Apple’s App Store.
damaging waterside scale formation and corrosion. Flexicon Corporation
It works in tandem with SUEZ’s boiler treatment
technologies, including the Solus AP line of all-poly- Greyline Flexible screw
mer dispersants for control of deposits in mid- to conveyors in
low-pressure boilers. Additionally, the analyzer can popular sizes are
be connected to SUEZ’s industry-leading InSight as- now available
set platform management solution to leverage data for shipment in
and analytics to maximize productivity and profit- two-to-five days
ability, including on-site non-productive personnel as ready-to-as-
activities. semble packages
with Flexicon’s
Endress+Hauser Programme,
Flexicon has an-
tubes and screws
offered through
the programme
are supplied in
any length from
Greyline has introduced their next-generation Dop- 3 to 12 m, in diameters from 67 to 115 mm OD. Also
Endress+Hauser has launched the Liquiline com- pler meter. The new Greyline DFM 6.1 Doppler Flow included as standard are a stainless steel floor hop-
pact CM82 transmitter that accepts pH, ORP, pH/ORP, Meter - with powerful new digital signal processing - per, 45 or 90 degree discharge adapter, TEFC or wash-
conductivity, oxygen, and chlorine sensor signals provides easy and accurate flow measurement of “dif- down duty motor, and water-resistant control panel.
from Endress+Hauser’s Memosens® sensor platform. ficult” liquids (sewage, sludge, slurries, and viscous All product contact surfaces are of stainless steel
Its housing measures only 11 cm long and 2 cm wide, liquids). Its benefits include clamp-on technology with the exception of the polymer conveyor tube.
so even combined with the sensor, it fits into almost does not require pipe penetration, cutting or welding Non-product contact surfaces are of carbon steel con-
every assembly. Although small, it is a fully developed greatly reducing costs; fast, simple installation - typ- struction with a durable industrial finish.
multiparameter transmitter, with access available via ically less than 10 minutes; high accuracy (±2% of The conveyors can transport a broad range of bulk
4-20mA HART, or Bluetooth from any iOS or Android reading); built-in 5-button keypad, intuitive config- materials from large pellets to sub-micron powders,
device. uration menu, and large backlit LCD display make including friable products, abrasives, and materials
Connectable to the CM82 are pH, ORP, pH/ORP, the DFM 6.1 the most operator-friendly ultrasonic prone to pack, cake, bind or smear, with no separation
conductivity, oxygen and chlorine sensors with the flow meter on the market; isolated 4-20mA output for of blends. Depending on screw geometry selected,
blue Memosens inductively-coupled plug-in head. flow rate, two relays for pulse output or alarms, and the material can be conveyed at any angle from hori-
The Memosens technology ensures 100% reliable 26 million point data logger for greater flexibility of zontal to vertical, in a straight or curved path, through
data transmission, with true plug-and-play and data monitoring and control; and monitor flow rate, small holes in walls or ceilings.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 15


Key Water Challenges in India and

Lessons from the Region
Vijay Kumar, South Asia Representative for the Australian Water Partnership shares
his expert insights on the key water challenges in India and lessons from the region.

Q. As AWP’s South Asia when they do their basin plan-

representative, can you ning and modelling. We are
tell us about Australia’s giving them a tool to guide
and AWP’s involvement them through the entire pro-
in water projects in India? cess of basin planning, based
Vijay: I’m a water environ- on Australia’s experiences in
ment professional, and I have the Murray-Darling Basin.
been promoting Australian The second project is the de-
solutions to South Asia for velopment of the National Wa-
more than ten years now. In ter Information Centre. This
September 2017, I took up this is to be one of the ultimate
role as South Asia representa- outcomes of the National Hy-
tive for the Australian Water drology Project. Our team has
Partnership (AWP). reviewed the existing water re-
In India, we have been en- source information system that
gaged in various projects on exists in India and we have
water resources management, suggested a few recommenda-
primarily supported by the tions based on that.
World Bank and India’s Min- Third, the Government of
istry of Water Resources. Aus- India has approached us to
tralia has a Memorandum of support them in the next stage
Understanding (MoU) with of development of the National
the Government of India Min- Water Information System. As
istry of Water Resources and part of that, there will soon be
that provides the basis for our three or four experts from the
engagement at the federal lev- Australian Water Partnership
el. Australia also has multiple working with the Indian Gov-
agreements and MOUs with ernment and helping them de-
various states in India. The velop the National Water Infor-
year 2019 will mark a decade mation System. For instance,
of MoUs between Australia designing the architecture, and
and India: that’s a long journey how data will flow from the
that our two countries have individual states and how that
travelled, developing our shar- can be modelled centrally, and
ing of information on water how those data will be used to
resources management. support the decision-making
Australia has been ap- processes ahead.
proached by the World Bank to The other component of the
provide our technical expertise National Hydrology Project
in basin planning, and water where AWP is involved is the
resource information systems, capacity-building component.
and water data management Here, our partners will be giv-
systems, and in the capaci- ing training on how to develop
ty-building component of the water-management skills for
National Hydrology Project. As stream-flow forecasting, and
a result, and through the AWP, flood modelling and forecast-
Australia is currently involved ing. Participants will be the
in four projects. staff of various Indian state
One is called ‘Development governments that are part of
of the Basin Planning User the National Hydrology Proj-
Guide’ which is going to be ect.
a tool for the various depart- Also, AWP has been ap-
ments and state governments proached by the Government

16 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

of Andhra Pradesh, which is a and others has predicted that close to USD 10 billion of fund- rivers Brahmaputra and Gan- USD 20 billion/ USD 25 bil-
drought-prone area in south- by 2050 there will be a deficit ing going into it over a period ga, which cause floods every lion being spent on water as a
ern India. That government is of 30% in the water demand of 10 years. That’s around USD year. Efforts are being made to sector, from urban water man-
starting a new ‘green city’ proj- and supply situation in India, 1 billion being spent each year make communities in these ar- agement to water resources
ect to build a new capital city which is really alarming. in promoting irrigation-user eas flood resilient and provide management, and from basin
for a new state called Andhra A third key issue is the low water efficiencies in agricultur- them some protection against planning to flood forecasting
Pradesh, which is being carved level of awareness about water al fields. floods and against the conse- and groundwater management
out of an old state. Australia scarcity. People don’t realize The second big initiative quent damage and loss to life and rural water supply. Right
has been approached through the economic value of water, is a program called National and property - which of course across the water value chain,
the Singapore Government and hence we are not very effi- Groundwater Management are major causes of concern. there are numerous projects be-
and the local state Government cient in its use. Improvement Project (NG- One initiative is aiming to con- ing funded and run, currently.
of Andhra Pradesh to help As well, there are spatial MIP), and it will be launched vert those from disasters into There definitely are clear
them design the water sensi- and timing variations in the this year, 2018. Its targets are economic revenue by putting market gaps, and the market
tive component of the whole availability of water resources to manage the groundwater in small check-dams to create is not price-sensitive. Service
urban planning that they’re across India. It’s a vast country resources, aiming for better localized hydropower which providers are coming to India
about to do. The CRC for Water and the climate varies across assessment of the groundwa- can be a source of income for from all over the world. In fact,
Sensitive Cities is taking the the regions from north to south ter volumes available, and also the community. you may be surprised to know
lead in that project, to incorpo- and from east to west. Some to create institutional reforms Similarly, in western and that almost 40% or 50% of wa-
rate the water sensitive design areas have floods, but not to help restrict the unlimited central India, drought is a reg- ter treatment equipment in In-
component into the overall enough reservoir capacity to uses of groundwater. One such ular phenomenon. In spite of dia is imported, so that market
master plan for the new city. capture them, so most of the reform may separate the land the drought, you need to have is certainly not price-sensitive:
We hope this will be a bench- water flows out to sea. Other right from the groundwater sustainable agricultural prac- if people can afford imported
mark project which can be rep- areas have droughts every year right. It’s a goal that has been tice there, not only to serve the water treatment equipment it
licated across other smart cities and water is scarce. talked about for the last 20 large population but also to means there’s an appetite to
projects in India. We would like to know how years, and it is hoped that the provide the livelihood of the have better quality equipment
to improve water resources NGMIP will help us move to- farmers. A couple of initiatives to work on.
Q. What are the key planning so that rainfall over, wards that dream. Separating in those areas aim to transform Every type of water market
water issues in India at say, two or three months in the land and groundwater rights our current agricultural practic- is different. The urban water
the moment, and what year can become a source of should lead to more sustain- es to more climate-ready prac- sector is different from the
plans or steps have been water for the next 12 months. able use of groundwater. tices, with more sustainable agricultural irrigation use ef-
identified to solve them? In short, the key challenge The third initiative focuses use of groundwater. This proj- ficiency market and the basin
Vijay: First, water availabili- really is how to manage our at the river-basin level, where ect is being started this year in planning market, for instance.
ty. India has around 4% of the limited water resources via most water resources planning the State of Maharashtra: it is Each sector or market has dif-
global freshwater resources, proper planning and manage- is done in India. We are aiming called the Maharashtra Project ferent departments working in
to supply a population that is ment. A data information sys- to map every user in the ba- on Climate Resilient Agricul- it, a different way of working,
around 17% of the global hu- tem could help us improve that sin and allocate water to them ture. It is a USD 600 million different sets of customers that
man population. As well, the decision-making. according to real demand. To project which will lead to im- you’ll be talking to.
population of India is growing, Both federally and in civil achieve this, the third phase provement in the current agri- If you want to work in India,
and urbanization is also grow- society, people are aware of of a large project was launched cultural practices and the lives I advise you to make sure you
ing. The demand for the limit- these issues. We have support almost a year ago. Phase 1 of of the farmers involved in agri- have allocated some time to
ed freshwater resources is go- from multilateral operations the Hydrology Project ran from culture in that particular area. invest in India, to examine the
ing up, and on top of that, the like the World Bank and the 2002 to 2005/2006. Phase 2 market, to travel to the market
water quality is not good, in Asian Development Bank, ran from 2008 to 2012. This Can you share advice at least twice or three times a
neither the surface waterbod- helping the Government of third phase is called the ‘Na- and tips for young year, to develop relationships
ies nor the groundwaters, be- India to address the issue of tional’ Hydrology Project be- water practitioners within that market. Only then,
cause of the absence of a prop- water availability. Naturally, it cause it’s being implemented wanting to work in talk of business. The relation-
er water-treatment network. is a larger humanitarian issue across the whole of India, in a huge and diverse ship is very important.
Therefore, water availability as well, because humans need all the states. Its purpose is to country that is India? And patience is important
is not only a challenge but also water to survive. have real-time data acquisition Vijay: India has 29 states, also, and flexibility because
is getting worse as the existing To try and solve these issues, systems on water resources and every one of those 29 matters do not proceed along
water resources become in- three or four key initiatives so that we have real data that states is a different market timelines. They change de-
creasingly polluted. have been begun. One program helps us in the decision-mak- and has a different culture and pending upon the political
The second key issue in In- aims to promote the efficient ing process and we can make different dynamics in the way and other scenarios. You need
dia is that we are too depen- use of water and reduce water a better allocation of precious it operates. Thankfully, the En- to have patience, but relation-
dent on groundwater resourc- wastage in the irrigation sector. water resources to the various glish language is used every- ship-building is most import-
es. We use almost 55% of the The aim is to convert the water- stakeholders. When we have where, however. ant. Relationships are key to
groundwater resources, and ing systems away from flood a better assessment of the de- For water practitioners look- working in any southern Asian
most of that is used by the agri- irrigation and replace them mand, then even with limited ing to India for opportunities, I country - Vietnam, Myanmar...
culture sector. They meet 65% by drip irrigation or sprinkler supply we can manage the de- suggest they focus on a particu- they are just the same.
of their demand from ground- irrigation systems instead. The mand throughout the year. lar project or need or area, and
water. Agriculture is also caus- program is called the Prime Apart from these three key not try to spread themselves The Australian Water Part-
ing pollution because it uses Minister’s Agricultural Irriga- initiatives above, there are across the whole country or nership (AWP) is an Austra-
lots of pesticides and fertilizer tion Scheme, or ‘More Crop multiple other initiatives. do everything, which would be lian Government development
that potentially contaminate per Drop’. and it promotes the Flooding is a major issue on difficult to manage. initiative enhancing the sus-
the groundwater resources. efficient use of water in the irri- the eastern side of India, espe- India’s a developing country tainable management of water
In fact, research by AWP gation sector. It’s a big project, cially in relation to the two big with a lot of money - close to across the Indo-Pacific.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 17


The Electricity Meter Market is More Mature than

Smart Water Meters...
Amit Vaidya is the Director, Strategic Customer Team at Sensus India. Mayur
Sharma recently interacted with him about the Smart Meters market in India in
the context of municipal water projects and also on various market penetration
strategies of Sensus.

The situation in
India is alarming,
and a recent Niti
Aayog report
that draws data
from 24 of the
29 states in India
proved that the
water crisis is
only going to get
worse. Currently,
600 million
Indians face
high to extreme
water stress
and about two
lakh people die
every year due
to inadequate
access to safe
water. Also, 21
cities are likely
to run out of
groundwater by
Q. Firstly, tell us about
the state of the Smart
Meters market in
India? Is it encouraging
enough? What potential
do you see in this
segment looking at
the smart cities and
Advanced Metering
Infrastructure (AMI)
Mr. Vaidya: In India, a shift

18 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

is occurring in the Smart Meter right direction. As Strategic Customer Team Director for Sensus India,
market away from mechanical The best way forward in Amit is responsible for responsible for securing multi-mil-
and towards smart, static and such a situation is the Sensus’ lion dollar communications contracts with utility custom-
electromagnetic meters. Smart iPERL smart water meters as ers and delivery of smart metering or Advanced Metering
meters will play an integral it helps to save resources with Infrastructure (AMI) projects. Having won
role in making India’s smart its electromagnetic technolo- Amit has over 18 years’ experience in the energy and our first big
city vision a reality and this
will require changes to happen
gy. Sensus iPERL™ solid-state
smart water meter with in-
utility sector. In particular, he has significant experience
in implementing smart metering, AMI and Utilities IT re-
project with the
on a larger scale. The growth of tegrated bidirectional com- lated solutions. Pune Municipal
smart meters with communi- munications capability uses Corporation, we
cations (including retrofitted
modules) was predicted to
technology that provides unri-
valled, sustained accuracy over
hugely excited about it. The
first batch of smart meter in- Q. Tell us about some of look forward
grow at a rate of CAGR of 10% their expected 15-year service stallations started in the first your recent international to similar
over the next 5 years. Howev- life. The data captured by the week of December. We are projects as well. partnerships
er, the number of recent con-
tracts awarded to smart meters
meter provides water utilities
with accurate information to
also in talks with the Andhra
Pradesh, Chandigarh, New
Mr. Vaidya: Thames Water’s
network is a 15-year old proj- with other states
with wireless communications identify and help manage net- Delhi, and Agra utility bodies ect. With the help of Sensus, such as Andhra
for AMI and AMR systems work issues both proactively and we look forward to the they were able to reduce water Pradesh and
demonstrates that this is a se-
vere underestimation.
and efficiently. It also helps
in addressing environmental
successful collaboration with
them as well.
usage by 13% and increase
overall customer satisfaction. West Bengal
challenges, whilst improving Other international projects (Kolkata). With
Q. How worrisome is customer service, security of Q. As per some studies, where Sensus has been part of the onset of
the water supply and the growth rates for
distribution situation in
continuous water supply and
operational efficiencies. smart water metering
include Vitens in the Nether-
lands. This was the first pilot smart cities,
India currently? will be slower than the project of its kind. all Municipal
Mr. Vaidya: The situation Q. How aware and how growth rates experienced Corporations
receptive do you find the with smart metering for Q. From a geographical
in India is alarming, and a
recent Niti Aayog report that municipal bodies/water electricity. What could point of view, where do will be able to
draws data from 24 of the 29 utilities in India? Are be the possible reasons in you see more growth understand the
states in India proved that the the buyers and decision- the Indian context, if you happening for Sensus importance
makers extremely cost- agree? India? Which are the
water crisis is only going to get
worse. Currently, 600 million conscious? Mr. Vaidya: We need to state governments on the of this smart
Indians face high to extreme Mr. Vaidya: Municipal bod- understand the differences municipal side who are change. With
water stress and about two ies/water utilities in India are in both electricity and water more pro-active? Pune as the
lakh people die every year due
to inadequate access to safe
increasingly able to see the
larger positive picture with the
meters. When we talk about
electricity meters, every indi-
Mr. Vaidya: Having won
our first big project with the first city to
water. Also, 21 cities are likely incorporation of smart meters. vidual house will have their Pune Municipal Corporation, incorporate the
to run out of groundwater by The use of this cutting-edge own meters. Also, if these me- we look forward to similar same, other
2020. These figures from the
report are catastrophic and
technology helps to signifi-
cantly reduce non-revenue
ters are replaced with smart
meters, the volume would still
partnerships with other states
such as Andhra Pradesh and places can look
utility bodies need to buck up water levels, in turn, enabling be more as compared to smart West Bengal (Kolkata). With at them as an
and take the necessary actions them to provide 24x7 water water meters. However, water the onset of smart cities, all example to
in order to avoid a calamity. supply to the people. This is
how they will build trust with
meters will be deployed with
MNCs or water utility bodies,
municipal Corporations will
be able to understand the im- see the highly
Q. Are there gaps their customers. As per my where one smart water meter portance of this smart change. impacting
between what Indian experience with the Pune Mu- will serve the purpose of the With Pune as the first city to positive change
municipal bodies/water
utilities need and what
nicipal Corporation, they were
very receptive of the idea and
whole complex.
The electricity meter mar-
incorporate the same, other
places can look at them as an in the right
current technologies are were able to clearly under- ket is more mature than smart example to see the highly im- direction.
providing? What makes stand the urgent need for this water meters. Water is treated pacting positive change in the
Sensus competitive in technology. I am sure other wa- as a social issue and, most of right direction. to get in touch with dealers,
this segment? ter utility bodies will begin to the time, it is free or given with partners, and distributors.
Mr. Vaidya: Technology move in the same direction as minimal charges as is billed Q. Any other exciting
makes all aspects of life easier they understand the benefits by average consumption rath- new developments that Q. Finally, what is your
and better. Indian municipal/ and savings they will achieve. er than actual consumption. you would like to share plan of action for 2019?
water utilities are gradually However, the market is start- with our readers? Mr. Vaidya: 2019 is going
realizing the importance of Q. What are the projects ing to see a shift in the right Mr. Vaidya: We are real- to be a really exciting time for
incorporating innovative tech- that you are presently direction, driven by the need ly excited about executing us and we look forward to the
nologies in order to achieve working on in India? to reduce NRW (Non-Revenue our pilot project in Andhra new year and new opportuni-
24x7 water supply to people Mr. Vaidya: At present, we Water). Pradesh, which will showcase ties. You can expect to see new
and to cut down on non-rev- have collaborated with Pune At present, smart water the complete Xylem product products added to our portfo-
enue water. What Indian mu- Municipal Corporation, where meters have started slowly portfolio. We are also running lio which have been designed
nicipal/water utilities need the Sensus will provide 2,75,000 moving towards corporations, a ‘Channel Partner Expansion specifically with the Indian
most at this time is to be aware smart meters to the city. It which will eventually drive the Programme’ and are looking market in mind, and we can’t
of the situation and to be able is one of our first large scale market, especially with the de- for a few more partners. Under wait to launch them. The fu-
to take the right step in the projects in India, and we are velopment of smart cities. this programme, we would like ture seems bright.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 19


Tracking Down Microplastics

Daniel Venghaus is engaged in research at the TU Berlin in the field of urban
water management, where he works on avoidance strategies to prevent
microplastics from entering aquatic systems. In a discussion with Smart Water
& Waste World, he explains the objectives and details some initial successes.
volume of retained particles at
the sewage plant outlet is ap-
proximately double with ODW
6 in comparison with ODW
20. This is just one of several
reasons why this high-perfor-
mance mesh is also being used
in the RAU project. The most
important point, however, is
that not only the product but
also the partner company is
highly innovative. In our ex-
perience, GKD is committed
to developing mesh for a very
wide range of applications and
is not afraid of adopting a dif-
ferent perspective to develop
new fields of application. This
is a real help, particularly in
cases such as these where it
is important for the partner
to understand the objective
and provide the right tools for
the job. During the RAU proj-
ect, the company was there-
fore tasked with developing a
sampling basket with defined
fractionation for sampling an
entire rainfall event. This has
already delivered excellent re-
GKD Developed a Sampling Basket with up to Six Filter Elements and
What is the significance researched to date. Defined Fractionation for Sampling an Entire Rainfall Event. It is Hung
of microplastics in the in Drains and Facilitates Reliable Sampling of All Street Runoff Water
field of urban water Among others, the TU OK, let’s return to
management? Berlin is addressing the emergence, composition, the key was to find a filter ma- the OEMP and the
Daniel: According to a re- this topic intensively and retention of tire abrasion terial that could deliver the optimized dutch
cent literature study, as much in two projects throughout the entire useful strict separation limit of 10 mi- weaves. What makes
as 2.5 million tonnes of micro- sponsored by the Federal life of a tire. The goal here is to crometers, while also securing the product stand out?
plastics could find their way Ministry of Education balance its quantities, as well the requisite flow rate. It also Daniel: The key advantage
into aquatic systems per year. and Research. These as to both identify and quan- needed to be rugged, since ac- of this mesh over other filter
Some 25% of these microplas- projects are referred tify the influential factors and ids, alkalis, and enzymes may media is its sharp separation
tics enter circulation via the to as OEMP and RAU. paths leading to its occurrence need to be blasted against the limit. Within the scope of the
outlet of sewage plants, while What are the objectives as a way of highlighting op- filter cake on the mesh to en- OEMP project, we compared
66 percent take the form of of these projects? tions for its reduction. sure that the particulate mate- optimized weaves in a disc
street runoff water. Daniel: The goal of OEMP rial is removed along with the filter system with a cloth filter
is to develop innovative mate- The technical weaver microplastics. With its Opti- in a drum filter system. The
Why is this the case? rials and processes to improve GKD - Gebr. Kufferath mized Dutch Weaves (ODW), drainage values were similar
Daniel: The processes used the retention of microplas- AG was a project partner GKD already offered one such for both configurations. The
to date are not specifically de- tic particles of various sizes, in both projects. How filter material. The company aperture of the optimized
signed to filter microplastics at shapes, or material charac- did the partnership further refined this mesh in dutch weaves is an absolute
the outlet of sewage plants or teristics during municipal come about and what the course of the OEMP proj- value, enabling the system
street runoff water. On the oth- wastewater treatment. The were GKD’s main ect, so that ODW is now also operator to guarantee that no
er hand, the various volumes collaborative research project duties in this regard? available with separating lim- spherical particles larger than
of microplastics in municipal entitled Tire abrasion in the Daniel: When we started its of 8 and 6 micrometers. 6 micrometers could find their
wastewater have scarcely been environment (RAU) examines taking initial samples in 2013, Assuming a good flow rate, the way into the water.

20 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


The same mesh is prehensive laboratory testing.

also used for the RAU For the in-situ sampling now
project in a sampling following, we chose the de-
basket. How does this ployment locations on the
sampling basket work? basis of load scenarios: main
Daniel: An integrated filter streets and side streets, high-
cascade is used to catch the way ramps, parking spaces,
tire particles from the street traffic lights, roundabouts, etc.
runoff drains. The sampling as well as various road surfac-
basket separates all particulate es. We hope that this will pro-
material that is larger than 6 vide us with valid findings as
micrometers. While engaged to how tire abrasion even oc-
in this research project, we curs, the size of the particles,
are interested both in the en- what they look like, and the
tire mass of tire abrasion and density of the abrasion.
the respective quantity of this
in a fraction, so that we can What is the significance Microplastics, i.e. Plastic Particles Less than Five Millimeters in Size, are a Global Environmental Problem
estimate which contains the of the sampling
greatest volume of abrasion. basket from the then make its way into rivers product developments pany provides the technical
Depending on the area, the perspective of urban without first being treated. you have mentioned? solution. This makes GKD an
sampling basket employs up to water management? When using mixed sewage Daniel: The optimized eye-level sparring partner.
six filter elements, which can Daniel: It is an important systems, on the other hand, dutch weave opens up a broad
best be envisaged like sieve instrument that should help it is forwarded to the sewage range of applications. For ex- What are the next
pans. To be able to use the in developing ideas and ap- treatment plant. Thanks to the ample, we have used it to filter planned steps?
basket in any street, we took proaches to the factors to be fractioned sampling, we can various sewage plant outlets Daniel: Within the scope of
the leaf grate used in many determined within the scope investigate individual rainfall and mixed sewage during the OEMP, mixed sewage inves-
drains as our inspiration and of the RAU project. With the events to describe and evalu- OEMP project. In the RAU tigations are currently being
GKD developed a basket with sampling basket, we are capa- ate tire abrasion. The ultrafine project, it has also been used performed, during which we
similar dimensions. This bas- ble of filtering out all particu- separation limit of the opti- to construct a sampling device. apply this exacting wastewa-
ket can be used in all locations late materials in street runoff mized dutch weaves permits These are very different things, ter type to the systems. To this
and for the first time facilitates down to a size of 6 microme- sampling down to the fine as the requirements of a sam- end, we connected filter sys-
reliable sampling of all street ters for subsequent analysis. particulate size, which starts pling device are quite different tems to a mixed sewage basin
runoff water. Until now, it had Going beyond sampling, we at 10 micrometers. With this than those of a filter system. operated by Berliner Wasser-
only been possible to sample will also investigate the filter sampling, we are keen to eval- The basket is a prime example betriebe.
partial flow. We can also use potential as a localized clean- uate drainage basins, under- of innovative implementa- In the RAU project, the in-si-
the basket to sample various ing system for the basket. It stand challenges, and derive tion of an equally innovative tu street runoff water sam-
rainfall events - from very is important to understand solutions. mesh as a scientific response pling process is getting under-
heavy rain to very light rain. here that street runoff is of- to a concrete application/is- way. Sixty such processes are
The latter was not possible at ten dewatered via wastewater What was GKD’s special sue. The scientist defines the planned over the course of the
all in the past. Another advan- separation channels and can contribution in the requirements and the com- next two years.
tage of the basket is the inte-
grated online measurement
functionality, which measures
street runoff from the very first
second without the warm-up
time of conventional measur-
ing technology. For the first
time, this has also enabled us
to automatically sample the so-
called first flush - i.e. the rain
that feeds the drains in the first
few minutes and is the subject
of much discussion in the field
of research - and evaluate this
based on the respective drain-
age basin. This performance
spectrum makes the sampling
basket a core element of the
RAU project.

Where exactly is
this basket used
within the scope of
the RAU project?
Daniel: First of all, its func-
tionality was verified in com- The Optimized Dutch Weaves from GKD Secure a Strict Separation Limit up to Six mm with a High Requisite Flow Rate

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 21


Five Steps to Safe Water Reuse Programmes

Although approaches to reuse can differ, depending on factors such as the
end-uses, there are some common steps which can help ensure the safety and
acceptance of a reuse programme.
By Rajiv Menon

INDIA’S DEMAND FOR THE gramme’s long-term success.

water is growing, while the The options include direct
amount of available water is and indirect potable use, dual
falling. So using water, recy- domestic use (greywater) and
cling it, then reusing it, is an industrial use. Each of these
intelligent way to help meet will require very different
the supply/demand balance. approaches in terms of treat-
The government is helping ment, supply network, and
the market for recycled water system management. The suc-
to develop for instance with cessful outcomes of the sub-
the memorandum of under- sequent steps all stem from
standing with the Ministry of achieving clarity of purpose
Railways to adopt reused water for the programme.
for cleaning rolling stock and
other non-potable uses; and Understand the Source
a mandate for power plants Water
to buy treated wastewater Different wastewater sourc-
from sewage treatment plants, es require different levels of
where the two plants are within treatment. The type of treat-
a 50-kilometer radius of each ment required depends upon
other. The Ministry of Urban how the treated water will be
Development’s attributes for used. If the source is domestic
smart cities require 100 per- wastewater it will be necessary
cent recycling in the sanitation to understand the type and
system or water reuse. nature of pharmaceutical con-
At the state level authorities taminants, for instance. This
in Maharashtra, late last year, is in addition to investigating
signed regulations to foster pathogens and viruses.
the use of recycled wastewa- If the source wastewater has
ter for industrial applications. an industrial component it is
The municipal bodies in 71 vital to know the types of in-
areas will have three years to dustries discharging into the
set up wastewater manage- wastewater stream. This will
ment plants. By 2020, the state help inform more detailed in-
government envisions to reuse vestigations into the nature of
at least 6,888 million liters of the wastewater. These are re-
wastewater daily. quired because common met-
Although approaches to re- rics - such as Chemical Oxygen
use can differ, depending on Demand (COD), solids and
factors such as the end-uses, volume - provide insufficient
there are some common steps information about the make-
which can help ensure the up of the wastewater stream to
safety and acceptance of a re- ensure safe reuse. COD does
use programme. not identify contaminants.
It is important to under-
Understand the stand if the sewerage sys-
Programme tem carrying the wastewater
This may seem obvious, stream is dual usage, and
but developing a full under- therefore likely to carry runoff;
standing, from the outset, of which can include hydrocar-
the application(s) for which bons for instance. Although
the reused water will be used traditional wastewater treat-
is central to ensuring the pro- ment practices and processes

22 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

are good at removing solids, a the connection to an existing
multi-barrier approach may be network is possible. In this
required to remove the type of instance, compatibility with
contaminants outlined above. the existing supply needs to be
Understand What This means considering
Treatment is Required things such as water hardness
The type of treatment will be and residual disinfection with-
governed by the standard the in the network. If a non-chlora-
water needs to reach to ensure minated supply is mixing with
reuse is safe. While some coun- other water, for example, the
tries including Australia and risk of trihalomethanes form-
the USA grade treatment stan- ing needs to be assessed and
dards for different uses, the managed.
UK does not have a standard When reused water is des-
for non-potable use. tined for non-potable applica-
Given the sensitivities tions a separate distribution
around reuse, however, con- network is necessary. The cost
sideration may also be given of this can make treating to
to additional treatment steps non-potable standards unat-
which go beyond the technical tractive even if the water will
requirements. Such steps may be used for non-potable ap-
help build the public health plications. To provide safe op-
consensus vital to a success- eration and maintenance it is
ful reuse programme. Such important that a non-potable
multi-barrier approaches may network is readily distinguish-
include membrane bioreactors able from potable networks. A Full Understanding of the Application for Which the Reused Water will be Used is Central to Success
or reverse osmosis with ad- Making the non-potable net-
vanced oxidation. work identifiable requires not control of the utility. Policies, procedures and Water reuse has a viable role
When considering safety just a physically distinguish- Where the supply has been documentation also need to be in an integrated water resource
and suitability of treatment able system but also good, treated to non-potable stan- prepared to ensure a non-pota- portfolio. The above steps rep-
options it is essential to take easy-to-access records. To de- dards, safety dictates that taps ble system remains safe if the resent a high-level, and not ex-
into account the training and liver long-term safety, the re- and other end-user fittings are building in which it operates haustive, outline of some key
capabilities of the treatment cords need to be accompanied clearly labelled to indicate the changes ownership. New own- considerations which will help
plant’s operators. Multi-barrier by policies and procedures water is not for consumption. ers, unfamiliar with a non-po- ensure reused supplies are safe
systems are advanced chem- that support network integrity. As well as that it needs to be table water supply, need to un- and, importantly, engender
ical and biological processes In essence the non-potable clear the supply is unsuitable derstand how to safely use the public confidence.
and their safe operation is de- system means a new asset for food preparation and oth- water and maintain the system.
pendent upon a suitably quali- class is being introduced into er uses which may lead to in- Where a non-potable system is About the Author
fied and trained staff. the asset base and, as a result, gestion. For example, people in operation, re-plumbing and Rajiv Menon is the Manag-
Also significant is having the procedures need to be in place often touch water features and building work can represent a ing Director at Black & Veatch
right policies and procedures to ensure it is managed proper- fountains. management control exercise. India.
to ensure the plant’s safe oper- ly. For instance, if the non-po-
ation in the long-term. These table network is physically dif-
procedures are vital in giving ferent from existing networks
the public confidence that the these procedures need to en-
appropriate safeguards are in sure that those responsible for
place. Operations staff need to maintenance have the correct
have sufficient technical abili- type and quantities of replace-
ty to recognize when there is a ment fittings.
problem, they also need to be
prepared and capable to im- Understand How the
plement remedial strategies. Water will be Used
This final step is in some
Understand How to ways very close to the first,
Distribute the Treated but also subtly different. Un-
Water derstanding the programme
The application (for which means knowing what appli-
the water will be used) has the cation the reused water is for.
greatest influence upon distri- Understanding how the water
bution network requirements. will be used refers to preparing
As a result, distribution needs in detail for what will happen
to be viewed as an integral to the water when it reaches
phase of reuse programme the point of use. This is often
planning. If the reused water is the point at which the reuse
for potable applications, then supply ceases to be under the Multi-Barrier Systems are Advanced Processes, Safe Operation is Dependent upon Suitably Qualified Staff

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 23


Regulating a Shitload
By Rajesh Rangarajan

for land application or farm However, a new law has

manure without ensuring it its own set of problems and
meets safe sludge standards it has been seen in the past
and only after ascertaining that courts have led the im-
this it can become safe for ag- plementation and have set up
ricultural use. So should FSTP additional safeguard measures
sludge be treated as hazardous to ensure that legislations are
waste or biomedical waste? complied with. The creation of
And if so, neither waste regu- Local Area Environment Com-
lations currently have related mittees (LAECs) by the Su-
standards. So should a sepa- preme Court comprising mul-
rate set of standards be curat- tiple stakeholders to support
ed? Standard setting for this SPCBs in the implementation
subject would come under the of hazardous waste manage-
purview of the central pollu- ment rules; the recent National
tion control board (CPCB). Green Tribunal order on solid
However, given the rigor need- waste creating monitoring
ed to develop standards and structures at local and state
having seen a systemic slow- levels are examples of such ad-
ness in the past (for example, ditional mechanisms to ensure
the revision of air quality stan- that the law works.
dards 2009 after a decade), it In sum, while safe sanita-
is difficult to fathom a speedy tion proponents are reimagin-
AS A DEMONSTRATION absence of a regulatory ar- careful consideration. Distanc- development of treated sludge ing sanitation service delivery,
of the success of the Swachh chitecture in setting up Fae- es from surface water bodies, standards unique to FSTPs. a corresponding re-imagina-
Bharat Mission (SBM), sever- cal Sludge Treatment Plants level of the groundwater table, This leads the conversation tion of regulation is necessary.
al districts across India have (FSTPs) and the related parts the kind of soil and suscepti- to the capacity that rests with A comprehensive regulatory
been declared Open Defeca- of the sanitation value chain. bility of the area to flooding the State Pollution Control architecture, comprising the
tion Free (ODF). With the mo- This issue was discussed brief- are some of the aspects that Boards (SPCBs), assuming that state-specific guidelines on
mentum created by SBM, it is ly at a recent workshop on san- need to be looked into. In the SPCBs would be custodians of septage and regulation that is
seen that disposal options of itation legislation by the Cen- normal course of providing an environmental sanitation capable of being flexible for
faecal matter are increasing- tre for Policy Research. This siting clearances, the Environ- regulation. The situation is making adjustments to im-
ly coming into focus. A large article uses the basis of those mental Impact Assessment analogous to the enactment of plementation and facilitating
part of rural and peri-urban discussions, to briefly reflect Notification 2006 would be the Biomedical Waste (BMW) delivery of safe sanitation,
India are using onsite sani- on the elements of a possible the go-to law. However, the Management & Handling is plausible. The Solid Waste
tation systems such as septic regulatory architecture for notification will probably Rules in 1998. At a time when Management Rules 2016 is a
tanks (whether properly con- FSM. treat such a system as a Com- little was known about health- useful regulatory instrument
structed or not). Furthermore, Three key aspects need care- mon Effluent Treatment Plant care waste, this new law trig- to study as it provides flexibil-
with septic tanks becoming ful consideration (potentially (CETP) or a Sewage Treatment gered a series of actions which ity based on contexts, process-
the norm across the country there could be several more) Plant (STP) which may not be eventually forced the SPCBs to es and technologies essential-
for the rural and small-town while approaching sanitation the ideal proxies for an FSTP. build capacity (largely by col- ly laying out a “Do-it-Yourself
population and municipali- through an environmental reg- So a suitable amendment is re- laborating with environmen- Kit” for sector actors to devel-
ties (as grid-connected sewage ulatory lens - siting and stan- quired and fortunately as a no- tal non-profit organizations) op, implement and comply
services are limited), there dard setting; regulatory capac- tification (unlike an Act which as the issue was moving for- with sustainable solid waste
is widespread apprehension ity; and potential challenges in goes through parliamentary ward, self-correcting its course management. So, can the vi-
about the growing volumes of implementation. procedures) this regulatory over a decade. Interestingly, brant sanitation ecosystem in
untreated septage in the envi- Primarily, some experiences instrument can be quickly re- the FSM system resembles India see the development of
ronment. Limited desludging from setting up an FSTP sug- viewed and amended. the hub-and-spoke model of legislation(s) as an opportuni-
capacities and lack of a clear gests that procedures are scat- Faecal waste involves both BMW management where a ty to catalyze our achievement
disposal option have spurned tered amongst different agen- biological and chemical con- centralized facility caters to of Sustainable Development
the conversations around Fae- cies, the urban local bodies, taminants which prove to be a waste from a region’s health- Goal 6 and not merely to de-
cal Sludge Management (FSM) planning agency, and pollu- complex mix for sludge stan- care institutions. Would there vise a law? There is a ‘shitload’
as a critical step. tion control boards. In essence, dards. A host of household be a similar trajectory for legis- to look forward to.
So, while actors in the san- this fragmented jurisdiction is hazardous chemicals are used lation in the FSM case? Would
itation ecosystem are actively a pivotal issue in hampering or in toilets even in rural areas it hence be more feasible to About the Author
considering viable options for expediting the creation of an making the sludge toxic. It is curate a separate piece of leg- Rajesh Rangarajan is the
FSM, a significant challenge FSM system. While setting up simply inappropriate to pro- islation under the overarching Regional Manager-South at
seems to have emerged - the an FSTP, site selection requires vide the treated faecal matter Environmental Protection Act? WaterAid India.

24 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


& Treatment
Smart Water & Waste World looks at the
rapidly changing structure of water purification
& treatment market and new power dynamics
within the segment with the emergence of
regional water associations and entrepreneurs.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 25


Ensuring Strong-Connect with Water Community

Water Purification & Treatment Equipment Manufacturer Association
(WAPTEMA) is an organization established by key players of the water industry
to provide effective representation for the water and wastewater treatment
industry at the national level. Mayur Sharma recently interacted with the team
of WAPTEMA Water Expo (1-3 August 2019 at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi) about
their upcoming exhibition showcasing water treatment products and services.

tion from foreign exhibitors

from countries like China,
South Korea, and Taiwan. We
are also hopeful for good par-
ticipation from industrial wa-
ter treatment segment.

Q. Who are the main

sponsors and partners
which you have already
got on board? Have you
got any government
support as well?
Training Sessions for the Industry Professionals
MA itself is a group of top play-
Chief Guest of the Show in Exhibition Area in a Past Edition ers from the water purification tion. For process water also the WAPTEMA association is pro-
Q. Can you tell us about WAPTEMA Water Expo is a industry of India. There are demand for water treatment viding and is committed to
this year’s WAPTEMA trade show by the WAPTEMA many member and non-mem- plants is increasing day by day. providing every possible help
WATER Expo? What Association - a group of dedi- ber companies in line for the But in this era of cut-throat to its members to address the
kind of response you cated stakeholders of the water sponsorships. All sponsorship competition, if we want to do above concerns.
are expecting from the treatment industry. will be finalized before we good business, we should take
industry? What will be We can say that this show is begin our official promotion care of “quality, cost and ser- Q. What advise you will
the new attractions? “Of the industry, by the indus- campaign. We are not getting vice” of our products. give to the companies
WAPTEMA Team: This year, try, and for the industry”. This any financial support from WAPTEMA Water Expo and water professionals
the WAPTEMA Water Expo is year our show will be held at any government agency but is committed to providing a coming to WAPTEMA
scheduled to be held in Au- a newly build exhibition hall we have always been support- good platform to our exhibi- Expo 2019? Why should a
gust 2019. This is going to be in Pragati Maidan, which has ed by government agencies tors to showcase their quality company participate?
a grand show as over the past been constructed beautifully like the Delhi Jal Board and the products. It is also an opportu- WAPTEMA Team: We wel-
four years WAPTEMA Expo with the modern infrastructure Ministry of Water Resources. nity for retailers and consum- come the companies to partici-
has emerged as a leading water of international standards. This year also we are expect- ers to get all available products pate and exhibit their products
expo of India. Visitors and ex- We are already getting a ing participation by Delhi Jal under one roof and compare at the WAPTEMA Water Expo
hibitors are keen to participate very good response from board and Ministry of Water them for their benefit. 2019 organized by a national
in the show which has become the industry. It is still seven Resources in the exhibition. level association of the water
an yearly event to showcase months to go for the expo but Q. What are the key treatment industry. It provides
their new technologies and most of our stalls have already Q. Please tell us about concerns and needs a strong platform to reach
innovations in the field of wa- been booked. This year we are the water treatment and of your association all stakeholders of the water
ter purification and treatment. expecting very good participa- purification market in members? How do you purification industry. We are
your region. How is the help them? expecting 10,000+ quality vis-
business these days? WAPTEMA Team: In this itors and 200+ exhibitors from
WAPTEMA Team: Water competitive business world, all parts of India and abroad.
purification and treatment is a the key concern of every busi- By participating here, they
huge market in India. Growth ness is that they get a suitable will get B2B interactions and a
in the water purification mar- and economical platform to strong-connect with the water
ket in the last few years has promote their products, where purification community. Delhi
been enormous. Each and ev- they could get regular updates being the biggest business hub
ery household today requires a and training regarding the of India, and with newly-built
water purifier. People are more changing policies and proce- halls, Pragati Maidan is the
aware and cautious about the dures and they get updates for best venue to showcase their
quality of drinking water for the latest developments and products to boost their busi-
The Inauguration Ceremony their families and organiza- new technologies in the field. ness.

26 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Global Residential, Light Commercial and HoReCa

Water Treatment Systems Hydration Market
By Frost & Sullivan

potential for regional sup- tion rate. Point of Use (PoU) nies like Brita, Grohe, and
pliers and international par- technology will continue to Bevi have introduced inno-
ticipants catering to a niche dominate the market due to its vative treatment systems that
customer base. Companies are operational flexibility, lower come with inbuilt hot and cold
increasingly focusing on digi- cost, and easy installation. The functions. For example, Brita’s
tal transformation and are set cost of replacement is relative- Vivreau tap dispense is a mul-
to transform the purification ly cheap when compared to tifunctional water dispenser
process that involves re-min- that of a PoE system. Counter- that provides instant filtered
eralizing the water with the top and under-the-sink filters chilled still and sparkling wa-
addition of essential nutrients. are expected to experience a ter. It also dispenses hot water
The water purifier market drastic growth as they provide and is suitable for workplaces
in India is highly price sensi- more thorough filtration when and HoReCa.
tive, and competition among compared to that by pitchers. The HoReCa segment is
the leading vendors is intense. The Internet of Things (IoT) one of the fastest growing seg-
The growing awareness about with its enormous growth has ments globally owing to the
the presence of harmful impu- changed the living environ- urbanization and increasing
rities and pathogens in the wa- ment of people by connecting income of the middle class. It
ter supplied to households and all types of digital devices to presents an exciting opportu-
other sectors have increased the Internet. Integrating the nity for customizing solutions
the demand for water purify- water treatment systems with for hotels, restaurants, and ca-
ing technologies. Despite the Cloud- and IoT-based technol- fes. Fast food chains like KFC
THE GLOBAL RESIDEN- and technologies are likely to awareness and efforts taken ogy helps companies to pre- and McDonalds and Cafés like
TIAL, light commercial and fuel up market demand in the to educate the masses, a large dict issues in advance – where Starbucks are growing rapidly
HoReCa (Hotels, Restaurants, coming years. chunk of the population still engineers can schedule main- in China and India. Everpure
and Cafés) water treatment Asia-Pacific (APAC) cur- relies on conventional ways of tenance visits. To improve the has been the top participant
systems hydration market is rently holds a 27% share in boiling water for the purpose customer experience, many in the food services industry
witnessing remarkable growth the revenue and is expected of purification. The constraints suppliers have begun to inte- having products that are cus-
in the last few years. The indus- to witness the highest growth of addressing issues pertain- grate their water purification tomized for its clients. Com-
try has escalated from using during the forecast period. ing to varying water textures systems to the IoT. Collab- panies should build a portfolio
clay filter out the sediments North America (NA) and Eu- as per changing geographies oration with Cloud and IoT of products addressing the
in old times to advanced wa- rope are mature markets due across the country are also solution providers could help HoReCa segment specifically
ter purification technologies to their relative saturation, likely to hamper the market in wider market penetration and expand their presence in
which use electricity and in- especially in the residential growth. The top two players, and increase interest among key regional markets. There is
ternet to provide people with segment, while light commer- Eureka Forbes and Kent RO consumers. For example, a huge opportunity in devel-
world-class services. Rampant cial and HoReCa segments are System Ltd, held a dominant Unilever’s water purification oped regions like North Amer-
industrialization as well as still experiencing some high share of 60% in the India wa- brand Truliva has collaborat- ica where companies like Ara-
increasing urbanization, in- growth. The market demand ter purifier market in 2018. ed with Alibaba’s Cloud and mark have been instrumental
dustrial waste and increasing in Latin America (LATAM) and The residential sector be- IoT technology. This strategic in the use of their products for
the number of cases related to the Middle East and Africa ing the largest accounts for collaboration aims at provid- the hotels and catering busi-
water-borne diseases has driv- (MEA) is fuelled by the perpet- 42.7% of the water hydration ing safe drinking solutions to ness.
en the growth of the global res- ually increasing demand for treatment systems market. The local consumers and helps in Today, a water purifier has
idential, light commercial and good-quality drinking water, light commercial (22.0%) and understanding the water puri- become a necessity at home.
HoReCa water treatment sys- especially in the water-scarce HoReCa (35.2%) segments are fication industry. The demand for affordable po-
tems hydration market, which regions. These regions current- also experiencing an increased Many offices and light com- table water purifier is expect-
was pegged to be at USD 22.92 ly hold 7.2% and 7.7% revenue installed base of water treat- mercial sites across the world ed to shape the water purifier
billion in 2018 and has been share, respectively. The water ment systems due to increas- have started to install water market in the coming years.
projected to grow with a CAGR treatment systems market is ing concerns regarding plastic purifiers to move away from Implementation of new tech-
of 6.1% till 2026. The market is relatively consolidated in some waste that is being generated bottled water and reduce sin- nology in water and wastewa-
expected to reach USD 34.75 product segments but is highly from the bottled water sector. gle-use plastics. The fade out ter infrastructure will further
billion by 2025. In addition fragmented in the overall mar- Due to affordable pricing of bottled water market, in push the demand for smart
to that, growth rates are much ket. Developed countries in and replacement cost, Europe- addition to increasing con- and sustainable solutions.
higher in emerging markets Europe and NA are more open an and North American coun- sciousness and environmental Anagha Lakshmi Jay-
like China, South Korea, India, to accept premium products tries are showing great interest awareness, paves way for mar- aprakash works as a Research
Japan, especially in segments with innovative technological in Point of Entry (PoE) water ket attractiveness and penetra- Analyst at Frost & Sullivan.
such as light commercial and variations, while APAC, MEA, treatment systems, thereby tion for the water treatment
HoReCa. Innovative products and LATAM portray immense raising the systems’ penetra- equipment options. Compa- @FrostSullivanEE

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 27


Working on Innovative Ecological Water

Dennis Abraham Thazhamon is the Managing Director of Josab India Pvt Ltd. Mayur
Sharma recently interacted with him on the current scenario of water purification
market and his strategies for keeping Josab India on a steady growth path.

in the Vatican. This is when he

heard of a mineral in Hunga-
ry (that can absorb the heavy
metals from the water) being
used during the cleaning of Josab has worked
paint. One thing led to anoth- with many inter
er, and a lot of research with governmental
Zeolite experts further led to
the Ratka Mine (Josab owned) organizations
- from where Josab extracts the like the UN,
unique Zeolite trademarked WHO and many
Since then, Josab has worked EU and African
with many intergovernmen- states and cities.
tal organizations like the UN, Josab Water
WHO and many EU and Afri-
can states and cities. Josab Wa- Solutions AB is
ter Solutions AB is now a listed now a listed firm
firm in Stockholm, Sweden. in Stockholm,
In 2012, I assessed the po-
tential of Josab’s “Aqualite” Sweden.
water treatment prospects
in India and started the first gary.
subsidiary for Josab in Pune, Just to make it easy to un-
Maharashtra, India. By 2013, derstand and to put things in
Josab Water Solutions had al- perspective, I would take the
ready bagged water treatment example of Neem Leaf - which
projects with Kerala State Gov- is considered antibiotic and
ernment, and since then we used in many traditional med-
have not looked back in the icines. Neem leaf, being anti-
past four years. We have slow- biotic, has a natural property
ly but confidently grown our and it is not man-made, it is
business into two more states nature’s gift to us. In a similar
- Maharashtra and Telangana. manner, the Zeolite (Aqualite)
We hope to keep up the grow- of Ratka mine is a nature’s
ing trend and expand to six gift with natural properties of
new states in the next couple reduction, ionization, adsorp-
of years. tion, and microfiltration. All
these four processes, happen-
Q. Why are your ing naturally and simultane-
water purification ously, is almost a miracle in the
systems always called world of water treatment.
‘ecological’? And tell us This brings us to why we
about Aqualite™. term our treatment ‘ecologi-
Dennis: Let me start by de- cal’. See, we do not add any
scribing the “Aqualite”; this man-made agents (chemicals),
would easily lead us to explain neither to treat the water nor
why it is termed ‘ecological’. during our maintenance pro-
Q. Please give our readers Dennis: Josab’s inception process. The inventor was a Aqualite is a natural mineral cess. Thus, we do not harm the
a brief introduction to happened in 1983, it was not painting restorer, and he was named Zeolite, mined at Jos- existing source of water. Due
your organization. a planned or pre-thought out doing large mural restoration ab’s own mine in Ratka, Hun- to this method of treatment,

28 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Hyderabad Water ATM Kiosk - Outer View

even the back-washed water ture; and distilleries, food pro- the exact treatment method/ treated water can be dispensed abad city. Similar projects have
can be reused. Thus, it is about cessing, etc. technology that is required to from the kiosk using the coins been meted out to us by Katol
being one with the environ- Our potential clients are remove the contaminants, and or pre-paid cards. The water Municipal Corporation (KMC)
ment and having a sustainable the Government of India, and at the same time we try to re- ATMs are located at prime and Nagpur Municipal Corpo-
life-cycle that assimilates back the Governments of different tain the “life in water” which is public locations and accessi- ration (NMC) under the State
into nature (once the miner- states of India, industries, nothing but “minerals”, and we ble 24x7. Government of Maharashtra.
al is taken out of the water and institutions like schools, also see to it that the systems The other inherent advan- Thus, Josab’s Water ATMs have
treatment segment, it can be hospitals, private industries, run smoothly for at least a cou- tage of the project is that we been received well, and the
reused as natural fertilizers for etc. Currently, we are working ple of decades. are trying to reduce the enor- quality of water through these
farming). To our knowledge, on providing municipal-level mous plastic waste that is pro- units has been winning acco-
this is a top ecological water water treatment plants, com- Q. Tell us about your duced through the use of bot- lades from the public and var-
treatment solution with a sus- munity-scale water treatment Water ATMs project. tled water. Any person passing ious local governments across
tainable lifecycle. units, smart city decentralized Dennis: Josab’s Water ATM by the water ATM can quench India.
water treatment systems, and project is one of its kind proj- their thirst by drinking water As on today, we are suc-
Q. What are the solutions. ect of providing pure, safe and using the glass available at the cessfully operating around
application areas for your mineral-rich drinking water kiosk or can refill their empty 200 Water ATMs across these
products? Who all are Q. Do you provide which accessible to everyone. bottles in hand. Our entry into states and the functioning of
your potential clients? customized or custom- Striking the cord between the water ATMs sector was each unit can be monitored in
Dennis: We have a large ap- built products as well? both, Josab’s water ATMs through the State Government real-time from any of our offic-
plication area. Our treatments Dennis: We will certain- provide “mineral-rich water/ of Telangana. GHMC (Greater es across the globe. We have
solutions can be used in large ly not jump into providing a water with minerals” at the Hyderabad Municipal Corpo- designed systems which are
to small potable water treat- “one-size-fits-all” kind of solu- most affordable prices in an ration) is focussed on the en- robust, fool-proof, easy-to-op-
ment market; the primary or tion which is neither ecolog- eco-friendly manner. Josab’s hancement of public health. erate and most importantly
tertiary wastewater treatment; ical nor sustainable. Instead, water ATMs treat water using They selected Josab and its which could connect and com-
ship ballast systems; animal we try to analyze the root our natural Zeolite to provide technology to accomplish the municate in real-time.
Husbandry, poultry, aquacul- cause of the contamination, water with minerals and this water ATMs project of Hyder- The Water ATM has not been

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 29


Hyderabad Water ATM - Inner View

an on-the-shelf product for nology partners and affiliate developing/ integrating tech- break of various deadly dis- final decision based on the
Josab. It is a product which we companies located across the nologies, and providing solu- eases which can be attributed value proposition. This is a
have specially designed and globe. tions which are sustainable directly to the quality of water definitely a welcome change
developed after noticing the and which would bring forth a being consumed, the majority and an encouraging factor to
necessity for such a product in Q. The Indian water & significant change in the water of the population today is cau- companies like us.
our Indian market. Automated wastewater treatment and wastewater treatment in- tious and aware of the quality
dispensing units are a com- industry is highly dustry. and composition of water. The Q. From a geographical
mon sight in the west but in competitive. How do you same goes with letting out point of view, where do
India, these systems are quite plan to hold a strong grip Q. How aware and how waste or untreated waters into you see more growth
new and it is just a matter of in this market scenario? receptive do you find our drains or water bodies. happening for Josab
time that the public gets used Dennis: Well, we do believe your target market in Irrespective of the advance- India?
to these systems. that the Indian market is high- India? ments in technology and Dennis: Telangana, Kerala,
ly competitive but the compe- Dennis: Our target market the level of awareness in the Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu,
Q. In how many countries tition is mostly centered and is every person and every in- market, the cost-component and Karnataka states have
you are offering your restricted to the cost/ quan- dustry in India who are look- is always a deciding factor shown that they are willing to
products? tity component and not the ing for a healthier life and for any buyer. In this context, make the changes for the bet-
Dennis: We are offering our quality component. In fact, sustainable solutions. We see the Indian buyer is definitely terment of public health. At
products in three continents, most small, medium and few a major change in the process cost-conscious. Most of the least, now there is a mindset
Africa, Europe, and Asia and large-players in the market are of how the drinking water has buyers today are giving equal to listen, research, and exe-
also expanding into Southeast just traders in the industry and been perceived by the com- importance to the value prop- cute. The process is slow but
Asia. We have onboard with us not true-blood manufacturers/ mon man 20 years before and osition. The buyer today is not we are optimistic that on the
few technologies which shall developers. I think that is what today. Previously, a person was simply being carried away by state levels water treatment
be a breakthrough in their re- makes us stand apart. We are comfortable drinking clean the cost but is trying to make would be considered for its
spective domain. These are not keen on volumetric busi- water, i.e., water which just a clear differentiation between merits rather than political
mostly developed by our tech- ness, rather we are focused on looks clear. But with the out- the products and making the conduciveness.

30 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Once a Joint Effort of Business Community from

Gujarat - Now a Major Water Show
Water Purification & Treatment Association of Gujarat (WAPTAG) is an association
created by the business community of Gujarat to bring together manufacturers,
traders, importers, and services providers engaged in water purification business at
one national platform. Mayur Sharma interacted with the team of WAPTAG Water
Expo (22-24 February 2019, Mahatma Mandir, Gandhinagar) about their upcoming
water show which is branded as the ‘most advanced’ water industry exhibition in India.

Q. Can you please tell us like China, Taiwan, Korea, and Sponsor (Preyas Polyplast Pvt. which is helping the industry would you give to those
a little about this year’s Vietnam will be there. Ltd.), Nice Industries (Regis- grow even faster. companies or water
WAPTAG Expo? What tration Desk Sponsor), Zedtech professionals who are
kind of response you Q. Which are the main Water Solution Pvt. Ltd. (Badge Q. What do you think are currently thinking of
are expecting from the sponsors and partners Sponsor), and Royal Technolo- key concerns and needs exhibiting at or visiting
market? And what will be have you got on board till gies - Zetta (Water Bottle Spon- of your association’s the WAPTAG Expo
the new attractions in the now? sor). members? How do you 2019? Why should they
show this year? WAPTAG Team: This year help them throughout participate?
WAPTAG Team: This is the we have 11 main sponsors on Q. Please explain the the year with various WAPTAG Team: WAPTAG
5th Edition of WAPTAG Water board with us, which are Lex- Water Purification and activities? Water Expo 2019 is the best
Expo, which will be held from Cru Water Purification (Title Treatment Market of your WAPTAG Team: There are platform in India to showcase
22-24 February 2019. This is Sponsor), Sure Water Technol- region for our readers. various activities that we con- your brand/product to a glob-
one of India’s largest water ogy (Powered Sponsor), Von- And how is the business duct in for the WAPTAG asso- al audience. This is the only
expo having 200+ exhibitors, tron Membrane Technologies these days? ciation members such as Skill opportunity when you get top
and we are expecting 15,000 Co. Ltd. / Max Pure (Powered WAPTAG Team: Water Puri- Development Technical Sem- buyers/sellers on a single plat-
visitors this year. The whole Sponsor), Cloud International fication and Treatment Indus- inars, Motivational Seminars, form so we will advise not to
exhibition has been Managed LLP (Convention Sponsor), Ex- try is one of the fastest growing Social Gatherings, and Gift miss this business opportunity.
by Moments Events and En- cel Filtration Pvt. Ltd. (Conven- industries having growth of Distributions. Through these By investing in this expo the
tertainment. This time, the vis- tion Sponsor), Cosmos Water 200% every year that creates activities, they feel encouraged exhibitors are going to get mas-
itors will get to see many new Solutions Pvt. Ltd. (Branding a market for everyone. This and take initiatives to contrib- sive visibility which will lead to
products launched by the ex- Pavilion Sponsor), Cosmos Wa- industry segment is coming ute even more to the industry. success in their business devel-
hibitors. Also, 40+ internation- ter Solutions Pvt. Ltd. (Direc- up with the latest technologies opment goals and will help the
al exhibitors from countries tory Sponsor), Food & Dinner and products every month Q. Finally, what advice entire water fraternity.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 31


Low Cost & Low Tech Solutions for Improving

Water Quality in Rural Uganda
Low-tech water treatment solutions provide an attractive alternative as a first step
in achieving the next rung on the sanitation ladder.
By Michael Ottensmann

solutions provide an attrac- of water. The electrodes are lenged in the process.
tive alternative as a first step placed in the water and con-
in achieving the next rung on nected to the battery. The Rapid Sand Filtration
the sanitation ladder. Many current separates the sodium In many of the villages en-
of these methods have been from the chloride, producing countered, the water supply
tested and successfully imple- chlorine gas, which bubbles was a local mud hole, with tur-
mented by weDev Water’s ini- through the solution. 20 min- bidities exceeding 40 NTUs.
tiative in rural Uganda. utes is sufficient to achieve Disinfection becomes less
The WeDev Water (eV) Ini- about 400 mg/l of chlorine effective above 5 NTU. Rapid
tiative was developed to pro- solution. One capful per 20-li- sand filtration, while limited
vide the technology for this ter canister produces a solu- in effectiveness for the remov-
interim step and implement- tion of between 1 and 2 mg/l, al of bacteria, is effective in re-
ing the technology in rural the WHO recommended dose. moving turbidity.
communities. Careful consid- After 30 minutes of contact Any large sized container
eration is given to the culture time, the water is effectively is suitable for construction of
of the individual village, tai- disinfected. a filter. When using brick and
loring the solution to both the The battery can be recharged mortar, thought should be giv-
requirements of treatment and using a 75 W solar panel, en to providing an access hole
the technology that best fits which was relatively common for cleaning purposes. For the
the community. in the villages. 75 W is more work in Kyamagemule, a 1000
than sufficient for recharge. L poly water storage tank was
Disinfection: Salt The excess energy provides an used. The lowest layer should
Chlorination incentive for the villager pro- be gravel or rock to protect
Chlorination is one of the ducing the chlorine. the outlet pipe from clogging
most effective disinfection Care must be taken when and preventing loss of sand.
methods available. Producing producing chlorine. Chlorine A minimum of 60 cm of 0.3
chlorine is very simple. With a gas is toxic. The production to 0.8 mm sand is needed for
12 v car battery (45Ah is suit- should take place where no the turbidity removal process.
able), titanium electrodes and children are present and out- The remaining 20 cm between
a simple salt solution, enough doors because chlorine gas is layers was provided by coarse
chlorine can be produced in 20 heavier than air and can col- gravel. Filter cloth was tried in
minutes to disinfect the water lect in low-lying areas of the one iteration, but soon became
supply of a village of 100 per- house. To minimize the poten- clogged by fine sand particles.
sons. The methodology was tial for theft, the solar panel Backwash can be provided
implemented in three villages was roof-mounted and the either manually (where labor
The Water Ladder in Kymagemule and Zinga Is- battery was located indoors is inexpensive) or through the
land. with wires connected through use of a small elevated tank
WHO/UNICEF Joint Moni- ing communities. The prob- 20-40 grams of salt (about the window when chlorine was connected to the bottom of the
toring Program for Water Sup- lems of operating a treatment the size of a jerry cap) are produced. Re-training and ac- filter, providing the necessary
ply, Sanitation and Hygiene plant with minimal education, mixed in a 10-liter bucket ceptance continue to be chal- pressure to backwash the fine
(JMP) 2015 data estimates that obtaining or affording spare
more than 25% or 8.5 Million parts in remote areas, finding
people in rural Uganda have experienced repair and main-
no access to clean water. The tenance personnel should be
WHO recognizes that develop- considered in choosing the
ing access to clean water is of- appropriate technology. The
ten a process of several steps. cost of repair and the loss of
Implementing conventional properly trained personnel to
treatment technology at high higher paying jobs in the city
cost may not be the proper are also hindrances.
solution initially for develop- Low-tech water treatment

32 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


and bypass the process. This

can be obtained by punching
holes in the garbage can lid or
using a banana leaf in the jerry
This method was success-
fully tested at Kyamagemule,
but proved unsuitable as only
approximately 20 liters are
produced per day, sufficient
only for a small family. Its use
is limited to warm climates be- els and three 100-Ah batteries Zinga Island, because of the
cause temperatures under 20 (56°C, each connected in par- distance to the mainland and
degrees C inhibit the growth allel, through a charge control- limited transport possibilities,
of the bacteria. ler to the heating element. difficult to achieve.
As expected, the under- One side benefit of the solar
Thermal Disinfection sized system required a daily thermal heat method is that
of Chlorine Resistant recharge after use before re- water with a temperature of
Species introduction into the thermal 40 to 50°C is readily available.
Where the required daily system. By achieving 55°C un- Anaerobic conditions were
consumption is 100 liters or der worst-case conditions it is achieved by using a candle in a
less, thermal disinfection can clear that adding a second or mayonnaise jar. Samples were
be a cost-effective method to larger heating element would prepared using blood agar and
kill such species as cryptospo- be sufficient to achieve the affixed to the bottom of the jar
ridium and cholera (bilharzia/ necessary temperatures. The with candlewax.
schistosomiasis as well, but lake water sample was treated A 50-L water barrel was
the primary vector of infec- for roughly one half-hour at converted into an incubator.
tion is typically not ingestion). 70°C. The sample was incubat- The outside was insulated Sty-
Cost-effective implementation ed at approximately 45°C un- rofoam packing material and
of this solution is typically lim- der anaerobic conditions for yellow fiberglass insulation.
ited to areas having sufficient 18 hours. After 18 hours, the The barrel was filled with 53°C
sunlight, like central Africa, sample was clean; no growth water and closed.
although implementable any- had occurred. The apparatus was inserted
where at greater cost. As a side benefit, the heat- in the water bath suspended
Cryptosporidium is con- ing system also provides warm by a sock and a rock, sealed
tracted by drinking con- water for sponge baths, which and incubated for 18 hours.
taminated water and is very has heretofore been unavail- The lake samples, known
prevalent in Lake Victoria. able on Zinga. to have Clostridium, showed
The symptoms of a crypto- roughly 200 colonies. Micro-
sand particles. oped using a 120-liter plastic sporidium infection are very Sample Incubation scopic analysis showed both
Rapid sand filtration can garbage can. The construction similar to those of malaria. Procedure the rods and the spores typi-
also be adapted to slow-mov- was as the rapid sand filter While many species are chlo- One of the primary limita- cal of Clostridium. (Although
ing streams using successive with fine sand of 0.15-0.35 rine resistant, they are often tions for evaluating the ef- certain species identification
boxes of 30 x 50 x 60 cm end- mm and uniformity coeffi- susceptible to heat treatment. fectiveness of treatment of a was impossible with the lim-
ing in a concrete headwall with cient of 2-3. A riser pipe was Much like Legionella, heating cryptosporidium infection is ited microscope capabilities,
small diameter pipe to create installed 10 cm above the sand water to 60°C for 30 minutes the detection method. Under there is a strong probability
backpressure. level to establish the required is sufficient for disinfection. laboratory conditions, clos- of clostridia, given its known
constant water level. A larger A solar collector with supple- tridium perfringens is used presence). The procedure was
Slow Sand Filtration surface area allows for more mental heat in the form of the as an indicator organism for repeated with the heat-treated
A slow sand filter was devel- stable growth. 300 W - 12 V heating element, cryptosporidium. The diffi- sample and no colonies were
Over the course of 20 days, was installed at Zinga. Initial culty in using this method in observed.
allowing 20 liters of water to calculations indicate that two fieldwork is the need for an-
pass through the sand layer 300 W - 12 V heating elements aerobic incubation at 45°C. In Methods Under
over a 12-24 hours period, a would be needed to achieve most cases, a commercial lab Development for 2019
bacteria (or “schmutzdecke”) 60°C on cloudy days. The test is required, which is very cost All of the main projects in
layer develops in the first 5-10 apparatus was limited by local prohibitive, and, in the case of 2019 are limited by a lack of
cm of sand. This layer adapts conditions. The solar collector
itself to the species of bacteria had only a single heat port and
in the water, effectively creat- larger 12-volt heating elements
ing a bacteria layer to feed on were unavailable locally. On
the bacteria species present. sunny days, the solar collector
After 20 days, this layer is ro- achieved temperatures as high
bust enough to consume the as 53°C without supplemental
entirety of the bacteria in the heat energy. On cloudy days,
water. Care must be taken to similar results were achieved
not disturb the schutzdecke using three 150 W solar pan-

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 33


the water to the valley a con- combining a pond with more work is voluntary. Work in a
tinuous water supply can be conventional treatment vege- company provides income for
obtained. tation and papyrus may prove the student to support living
Measuring slope (see sand an effective combination, pro- expenses during the develop-
dam) is again a concern, as viding treatment and income ment period.
well as measuring the outflow to the local community. Testing of the prototype
from the ponds and evaluat- is essential and typically be-
ing how the relocation of the Mentoring Program gins one year prior to imple-
water supply from the hills One of the limitations of mentation. Implementation
affects the local vegetation. being a small NGO is the lim- is typically limited to the 2-3
The present overflow is spread ited manpower. As a senior week period of on-site work in
over the full area of the pond engineer, the knowledge is Uganda. For this reason, every
and underground. Measuring available to solve complex lo- possible limitation must be
the water by siphonage, emp- cal problems, but limited by tested. The considerations in-
information. The tools and veloped. Using these tools, the tying the pool manually and the difficulty of being in mul- clude the availability of tools/
skills of the weDev team are lo- field was staked, measured and measuring refill rates, and cre- tiple locations at one time. In materials in rural Uganda
cated in Europe, so measuring the slope estimated. The data ating a v-notch weir were all order to overcome this, weDev (sand, solar, brick & mortar,
methods must be developed will be CAD-processed in Ger- considered. Ultimately, it was Water has invested in a mento- clay, spare parts, etc); skill level
and relayed to local villagers many and the preliminary dam decided to insert a small diam- ring program for young engi- of the villagers; operation by
for action. designed. Due to irregularities eter pipe in the downhill side neers and university students. uneducated villagers; avail-
in field measurement, the of the pond, wait for the pond weDev developed relation- ability of skilled craftsmen;
Sand Dam dam will be over-engineered to achieve a stable water level, ships with several European theft-protection; and safety
A sand dam is proposed to accommodate. During the and measure the flow with a universities to mentor Masters considerations. These and
for the villages of the Nyanzi cost estimation phase, avail- bucket. students in water quality and many more questions must
region, whose water supply is ability and cost of clay will be water resources. be thought of and answered
limited to seasonal seepage estimated against the cost of Facultative Pond Wastewa- Under this program, a stu- before implementation. There
water. This project was chosen plastic sheeting. Additional ter Treatment Using Papyrus dent beginning his/her Mas- are always unforeseen lim-
as a Master’s thesis using tech- considerations are: directing An important consideration ter’s Thesis would work with itations in the local area that
nology developed in India. the overflow to a suitable loca- in the clean water cycle is a weDev engineer to develop cannot be planned for, but
One of the main difficul- tion, preparation of an emer- minimizing the contaminated a thesis based on a particular both the preparation phase
ties of building a sand dam gency overflow and estimating wastewater reaching the wa- need in a particular commu- and the implementation phase
reservoir is the lack of survey- the potential for damage in the ter supply. A local village on nity in Uganda. The suggest- develop essential adaptive
ing tools and skill in the local event of a catastrophic failure. Zinga Island was chosen for ed solution would be built to engineering skills that greatly
populace. Tools are limited to the development of a wastewa- prototype stage at weDev’s improve the students’ skill set
a water level and 10 m measur- Cascading Pools ter pre-treatment facultative facilities in Germany and thor- in preparation for a career in
ing tape. While it is possible to An additional Master’s the- pond using papyrus. Papyrus oughly tested, prior to being engineering.
measure slope with these tools, sis, a cascading pool network, is a well-suited plant for pond pilot-tested in the local vil- Many of the students have
they are limited by the short is proposed for Nyanzi. treatment as its root system lage. The mentoring program become a permanent part of
length of a straight edge (a pipe, There are two year-round floats on the pond water. It has has proved effective whether the weDev Water initiative. In
for example). Clear plastic tub- ponds available in the Nyanzi the second advantage of being the student works directly at this way, weDev has developed
ing in 10 m length was found area, remotely located near the a cash crop, used for thatched the AECOM Kaiserslautern a team of capable young engi-
in Kampala. Using the tubing, top of a steep hillside. By con- roofs and mats in the local office or remotely for another neers who can independently
a crude water level could be de- necting the ponds and piping economy. It is believed that company. The Master’s thesis implement water solutions
with a minimum of interaction
(by cell phone) with the senior
engineer. This, in turn, frees
the senior engineer to concen-
trate on the new technology
developed by the Master’s stu-
dent, who is then capable of
independently solving prob-
lems in the following year.
This process produces more
capable first-year engineers
than the typical university pro-
cess alone.

About the Author

Michael Ottensmann is a
Senior Engineer who special-
izes in water and wastewater
engineering. He is the Head
of AECOMs Environmental
Department in Kaiserslautern,
Germany and Co-founder and
The Green Observed in the Sample is Algae President of weDev Water eV.

34 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


The New Long Range Gusher

The big gusher is ideal for high volume transfer or flood irrigation applications.
Efficient water transfer is vital for flood irrigation and the QP602 is capable of
transferring up to 1,74,000 liters per hour.
By Aussie Pumps

mm in suspension. It has the ability to

draft water from depths of up to 7.6 me-
ters, making it ideal for pumping from
rivers, dams or tanks.
“Its unique high flow design makes it
very efficient and gives it the ability to
move water fast with minimal fuel”, said

This Aussie 6” pump

is a breakthrough in
terms of quality, value,
and performance. The
great fuel efficiencies,
high volume transfer,
and heavy-duty
construction really
make the QP602 an
incredible pump.
- Brad Farrugia, Product
Manager, Aussie Pumps
Farrugia. “In its standard configuration,
it needs only a 13 HP Honda petrol en-
gine to achieve its full capacity!” he said.
The big Aussie gusher is also avail-
able with a Yanmar air cooled diesel en-
gine with electric start for easy and effi-
cient operation. The QP602 has a heavy
duty wrap around frame for protection,
eye bolt and four mounted handles for
easy lifting.
“This Aussie 6” pump is a break-
The Aussie 6” Semi Trash Pump is a Real Water Mover, Delivering up to 7,83,000 Liters per Tank of Fuel! through in terms of quality, value, and
performance”, said Farrugia. “The great
A NEW, COST-EFFICIENT 6” (150 range fuel tank that neatly fits within a time for other activities,” he said. fuel efficiencies, high volume transfer,
mm) self-priming pump, capable of steel roll frame. This extra fuel capacity Efficient water transfer is vital for and heavy-duty construction really
moving huge quantities of water, has allows it to run continuously for up to 5 flood irrigation and the QP602 is capa- make the QP602 an incredible pump”,
been released by Australian Pump In- hours without the need to refuel. ble of transferring up to 1,74,000 liters he said.
dustries. It is a ‘Long Ranger’ version of “Not having to refuel the pump fre- per hour. With a maximum vertical dis- The QP602 comes with an unbeat-
Aussie’s Quik Prime model QP602 that quently is a time saver for farmers with charge of 23 meters, the big 6” pump able 5-year pump end warranty and
runs for extended periods. large volumes of water to transfer,” said can move water from a lower dam or 3-year Honda or 2 year Yanmar engine
The big gusher is ideal for high vol- Aussie Pumps’ Product Manager, Brad river to the flood site or storage dam. guarantees. With marine-grade alu-
ume transfer or flood irrigation appli- Farrugia. “Not to mention the extra con- The 6” pump features a huge open minum pump housing and a carbon
cations. The new high ‘Long Range’ ver- venience as the pump can be left to run style, high grade cast iron impeller, ca- ceramic mechanical seal, this pump is
sion of the pump features a 16-liter long unattended for long periods, freeing up pable of passing small solids up to 20 designed to last.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 35


Basic Engineering as Franchise Concept

Highly-effective containerized units can be used for biological wastewater
treatment with high flexibility at smallest footprint requirement.
By Cornelia Harmsen and René Trübenbach
available in the market.
A Mutag MBBR power
pack™ unit in the framework
of a 40-ft container having
dimensions of 12.0 m x 2.3
m x 2.5 m (L x W x H) is de-

Mutag‘s Scope of
oP  rocess design, including
flow sheets, mass balanc-
es, basic P&IDs
o Plans for a modular treat-
ment system
o Drawings of standardized
o Variations in materials
to accommodate your
strengths and preferences
o Equipment datasheets
o Instructions on adapting
to specific applications
o Operational and Analyti-
cal manuals
o Support and trouble-
Example Drawing of MBBR Power Pack Unit
signed for municipal wastewa-
IN ORDER TO meet the glob- form of a franchise-concept. In years of experience and devel- panies in these countries are ter treatment at a capacity of
ally increasing requirements this way, companies engaged opment work. given the possibility to use 2,400 m³/d, the load of 6,600
on flexible, biological waste- in marketing and/or operating the long-term know-how and PE and 400 kg/d BOD at 15°C.
water treatment plants, Multi this technology, or being inter- What is so Different in engineering basic guidelines. Hence, the removal perfor-
Umwelttechnologie AG (Mu- ested in using this technology the Mutag MBBR Power They will hence neither need mance of the Mutag MBBR
tag) is now offering their basic as additional know-how can Pack™ Unit and what is any additional development power pack™ unit at the same
engineering support in the benefit from Mutag’s many Essential? nor highly-skilled employees. MBBR reaction tank volume
In Germany, the production Thanks to this franchise con- is a double or a multifold of
of standardized water treat- cept, the business idea of of- other available containerized
ment plants is currently not fering the production and the plants which are comparable
profitable due to high manu- operation of compact, flexible in size.
facturing and transport costs. wastewater treatment plants For the operator, it is also es-
In case that the steel structures is possible to be brought into sential to know that only one
and the pipework are man- price-conscious markets and Mutag MBBR power pack™
ufactured according to con- developing countries. unit will be required instead of
struction plans directly at the It is essential that highly ef- 2 or even more containers. As
site in the respective destina- ficient and flexible plants can a result, additional costs can
tion country where the plants be produced and operated di- be further reduced by provid-
are urgently needed, such- rectly on the spot. In this way, ing savings in both capital and
like plants can be produced any potential further costs can operational expenditure.
at significantly lower costs. be kept as low as possible.
Additionally, such support is The efficiency of the Mu- What are the Benefits
contributing to the further de- tag MBBR power pack™ unit Provided by this
velopment of the destination becomes obvious when com- Franchise Concept?
Mutag BioChip™ High-Performance Carrier Media for Biofilms - Un- countries. paring it directly to other con- The franchise is not only
colored, w/o Biofilm (White) In a franchise concept, com- tainerized plants which are supplied with the Mutag Bio-

36 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


that the oxygen quantity re-

quired for the high biological
removal performance can be
transferred into the water. If
the supply of this high oxygen In a franchise concept, companies
mass would not be ensured, are given the possibility to use
the aerobic removal process
would not take place. the long-term know-how and
It is of particular impor- engineering basic guidelines.
tance that sufficient active They will hence neither need any
biomass is maintained inside
the MBBR tank in a controlled additional development nor highly-
manner. Compared to other skilled employees. Thanks to this
carrier media in containerized franchise concept, the business
plants, controlled biomass
growth is realized by using idea of offering the production and
Mutag BioChip™ High-Performance Carrier Media for Biofilms - Col-
ored, w/o Biofilm (Orange) the highly efficient Mutag Bio- the operation of compact, flexible
Chip™ carriers. It is essential wastewater treatment plants is
Chip™ high-performance car-
rier media and the membrane
sor Mutag provides complete
commissioning- and operation
that the biomass fixed in the
pore structure of the approx. possible to be brought into price-
air diffuser panels. He also is manuals, as well as documents, 1.1 mm flat chip (disc) is suf- conscious markets and developing
brought into the position to and supports the operating ficiently being supplied with countries.
use the long-term know-how staff by means of evaluation of substrate and oxygen from
of MBBR-process- and applica- the operating data and by giv- both sides by diffusion. Con- benefit provided through the individual combinations in or-
tion technology, biofilm-tech- ing recommendations for an sequently, the entire biomass production of the plant com- der to adapt the system for the
nology & support, starting optimal plant operation. is kept active and no inactive ponents (pipework and steel respective application task.
from the designing of plants sludge will clog the pores. Due structure) in the destination Depending on the respec-
up to the calculation and lay- Why is the Efficiency to the carriers contacting very countries, the plant operation tive demands and require-
out of the particular compo- Compared to Other smoothly with each other in by the franchise is made pos- ments, plant concepts for the
nents. Also, the constructional Containerized MBBR the moving bed bio-reactor, sible or simplified due to the application of MBBR/IFAS
design of retention screens, Plants? the biofilm (biomass) inside support provided by the fran- technology combined with
as well as mass balance, flow- The removal efficiency in the pore system of the Chip chisor (Mutag). MBR technology (membrane
sheets, basic P&ID, datasheets the smallest possible MBBR is constantly kept at a layer Furthermore, BOT models separation technology) can be
of equipment components, reaction tank (-volume) can thickness of approx. 0.5 mm are possible as well (BOT = provided.
and construction plans are in- be significantly enhanced by on both sides of the Chip. Any Build, Operate and Transfer).
cluded in the scope of supply using and combining certain excess biomass is sheared off. In such cases, the plants are Conclusion
of the franchisor (Mutag). selected components. Hence, the defined depth of arranged on foundations and The highest efficiency is
Of particular importance is By using highly-effective the pores ensures that the bio- are hence not attached to the reached by the combined ap-
the operational support after membrane aeration panels, film is optimally controlled ground. Whenever required, plication of the two key com-
the construction of the plant. very fine-bubbled process air in its thickness and provides these plants can be dismantled ponents: the oxygen transfer
For this purpose, the franchi- is being supplied, ensuring hence a very high biological and be re-installed for further system and the Mutag Bio-
activity. use in another location. This is Chip™ carriers. This combina-
This effect provided by the what makes the Mutag MBBR tion allows for the highest pos-
Mutag BioChip™ is unique in power pack™ to an ideal solu- sible biological removal rates
its nature. It is indeed very sur- tion for temporary applica- in the smallest possible reac-
prising to see that this positive tions, e.g. worker camps in the tor volume, as well as for sig-
effect with its highly advan- mining industry or in the oil nificant savings in capital and
tageous features is being rec- and gas exploration sector, or operational expenditures. The
ognized rather rarely among military camps, etc. production of units on the spot
experts. in accordance with the con-
Contrary to the Mutag Bio- Which Containerized struction plans provides cost
Chip™, the biomass on other Plant Concepts are savings on the one hand, and
carriers made of PE is highly Available? it promotes the wastewater in-
susceptible to being flushed In the overall concept, there frastructure in the destination
off the carrier surface. Fur- are different standardized countries on the other hand. At
thermore, the biofilm on such components available, con- the same time, the franchisor
carriers cannot be controlled sisting of MBBR technology Mutag provides support to the
in thickness. The positive, ad- for COD/BOD removal, ni- franchisee/operator in all pro-
vantageous effect of the Mu- trification or Anammox pro- cess-technological, biological
tag BioChip™ is impossible to cess. For the denitrification or operational matters.
reach with injection-molded process, containerized MBBR
plastic carriers. units with optimized mixing About the Authors
equipment are available. De- Cornelia Harmsen and
Plant Operation- or BOT pending on the application René Trübenbach both work
Models requirement, the standardized for Multi Umwelttechnologie
BlueChip Along with the cost-saving modules can be arranged in AG.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 37


Landia Pumps Clear the FOG at Texas

Lift Stations
The culprit was an extremely thick, impenetrable scum and FOG layer, which had
made it difficult to retrieve the existing duty pumps for service.
By Landia A/S
NESTLED IN THE pastoral nel were having to regularly
landscape of the Blue Lake engage the problematic scum
Estates’ Community, a group layer at the main Deer Haven
of cautiously optimistic oper- lift station, things really came
ators, officials and suppliers to a head at the district’s sec-
gathered around the Deer Ha- ond, smaller, Sandy Harbor lift
ven lift station. station. Float switches caught
The big question about to up in the scum blanket caused
be answered for Llano Coun- a duplex pump station to allow

To keep things moving and try to

prevent overflows and reduce odors,
we were having to constantly hose
down the lift stations to try and
break the scum layer. But in about
30 minutes, the scum layer was
soon back. Untangling the floats had
become routine. The whole thing was
an unpleasant, tricky job having to
reach out and inevitably get covered
in sludge. Simply trying to get to the
duty pumps, was difficult.
- Tim Webb, Operations Manager
ty Municipal Utility District both the duty-pumps to run
(MUD #1), was whether their dry. The ultimate sacrifice of
investment in a new pump these duty pumps meant USD
would pay-off. 15,000 in replacement costs.
Even with just 480 residen-
tial connections at one of Lake A More Pro-Active
Lyndon B. Johnson’s (Lake Approach
LBJ) most coveted neighbor- Llano County MUD #1 de-
hoods, Llano County MUD #1 cided that it was time for a
was becoming weighed down more pro-active approach.
with ongoing lift station main- “To keep things moving and
tenance issues and increasing try to prevent overflows and
odor concerns. reduce odors, we were having
The culprit was an extremely to constantly hose down the
thick, impenetrable scum and lift stations to try and break
FOG layer, which had made it the scum layer”, said Opera-
difficult to retrieve the existing tions Manager Tim Webb, “but
At the Deer Haven Lift Station in Llano County, Texas, Tim Webb, Operations Manager (Left) with Art duty pumps for service. in about 30 minutes, the scum
Savage from Landia While maintenance person- layer was soon back. Untan-

38 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


tem was being affected by the switched the Landia pump on chopper pump for the slight-
build-up of the sludge blanket. for the first time. We thought ly smaller diameter Sandy
Our existing pumps would it could break everything up Harbor lift station, where the
get air-locked. It reached the to an extent, but it mixed ev- USD 15,000 pump failure had
point where we were having to erything, right into the corners occurred. Unlike the AeriGa- Since we started
spray under the pumps as we
were lowering them and tilting
of the Deer Haven lift station,
which was all the more impres-
tor, this chopper pump is not
fitted with a venturi nozzle be-
using the Landia
them to release air. This was a sive because of it being a hard- cause scum is not the primary pumps, the
challenge we could have done er to mix, rectangular (12’ by problem there. The EradiGa- waste build-
without. Despite our constant
efforts, we were fighting a los-
12’) tank. In just 30 minutes,
we could see a big difference”.
tor has a recirculation nozzle
that keeps the lift station well
up is no longer
ing battle, ultimately resulting Initially, the Landia AeriGa- mixed while macerating any sitting in the
in not being able to get to the tor was run 24-hours per day rags that could clog the duty lift stations, so
pumps through such a thick
blanket of scum”.
until the lift station reached
a point where there were no
pumps. Flow from the Sandy
Harbor lift station goes to the
we have a much
Tim also noted that there scum/plastics/solids on the Deer Haven lift station - and fresher product
is always the issue of plastics, surface. Once these layers of the combined raw wastewater with greatly
sanitary products - and occa-
sional, seemingly indestructi-
reduced odors.
ble mop heads - plus other un- - Tim Webb,
wanted surprises that make it Operations Manag
Art Savage from Landia (Left) into the sanitary sewer system
with Tim Webb, Operations Man-
ager at Llano County
- now a very typical scenario at Landia pumps would make a
many municipal lift stations big difference. The AeriGator
gling the floats had become all over the nation. can often eliminate the scum
routine. The whole thing was layers that form in a lift station
an unpleasant, tricky job hav- Chews Up the Rags and or wet well to the point where
ing to reach out and inevitably Breaks Down the Mass of wash-down water is no longer
get covered in sludge. Sim- Solids needed to break up even the
ply trying to get to the duty Llano County MUD #1 thinnest of scum layers”.
pumps, was difficult”. called upon Texas water and He concluded: “Since we
He added: “We’re on a pres- wastewater pump specialists, started using the Landia
sure system here. There’s no Smith Pump Company, who pumps, the waste build-up
gravity feed. Everything gets supply many of the grind- is no longer sitting in the lift
emulsified in the grinder er-pumps to homes in the area. stations, so we have a much
pumps that have been issued Customer Relations Manag- fresher product with greatly
to local residents, but the er, Darrel Mize suggested the reduced odors.
plastics float, rather than sink. Landia AeriGator - a chopper “The amount of time we
The whole time our float sys- pump with an external knife spend on call-outs to prevent
cutting system and a ventu- the lift stations from overflow-
ri nozzle that injects air into ing is now a thing of the past.
scum blankets. The combina- Because of the new pumps,
tion of chopping and injecting we’re back to where we should
air successfully chews up the be - basic preventative main-
rags and breaks down the mass tenance. And we always know
of solids that causes the many that we can depend on Smith
unwelcome labor hours spent Pump Company and Landia
these days at lift stations. for any assistance, which is
Angela Thomas, Gener- great peace of mind”.
All is Well Now at the Deer Haven Lift Station with Landia’s Art Sav-
al Manager at Llano Coun- age (Right) and Llano County’s Tim Webb
ty MUD #1 continued: “We About the Contributor
tried to resolve the lift station scum and trash were gone, the is then pumped to the City of Landia’s headquarters are
issues, but the band-aid ap- pump was adjusted to run for Horseshoe Bay WWTP. located in Lem, which is how
proach wasn’t for us. The loss just 15 minutes each morning. it has been since 1933. Today,
of our pump at Sandy Harbor With this new arrangement, A Much Fresher Product Landia has subsidiaries in
wasn’t something of course the Aerigator now prevents with Greatly Reduced England, Germany, Norway
that we wanted to repeat. new scum layers from form- Odors and the US, and a sales office
Darrel at Smith Pump told us ing. This protects the existing Tim Webb continued: “It in China. In addition, Landia
about how the Landia Chop- duty pumps from any possible may seem a small point, but products are sold in 45 coun-
per Pump would be the most heavy ragging and allows them we can now save USD 600 tries worldwide. Landia sup-
cost-effective and efficient to do their basic job properly. annually on the water hose plies pumping and mixing
purchase we could make for Following the success of the connection that we had to solutions to many different
the long term - but it’s fair to 6.5HP Landia AeriGator at the have available for wash-downs industries, with the most im-
Landia’s AeriGator was Rec-
say that because the blanket of Deer Haven lift station, Llano at Deer Haven. For locations portant ones being agriculture,
ommended by Smith Pump scum was so thick, we were all County MUD #1 introduced with no readily available water wastewater, biogas plants, and
Company a little apprehensive when we a 6.5HP Landia Eradigator supply, the installation of the the fish industry.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 39


Immersive Digital Twins Helps China

Shanghai Railway Engineering Establish New
Practices to Deliver Sewage Treatment Plant
and membrane pools while
accounting for the difficulty of
controlling the impermeability
of concrete. Minimizing field
rework to place the numerous
reserved holes and pre-embed-
ded bushings across multiple
structures is a monumental
challenge requiring robust
methods and standards.
To achieve the stringent
requirements of the project,
CRSEB turned to BIM meth-
odologies to establish a dig- saving the project an estimat- our company will further pro-
ital twin of the sewage treat- ed RMB 2.3 million. Chang- mote the application of BIM
ment plant. Incorporating ing the mode of design and technology.”
THE BEIHU SEWAGE Treat- is responsible for construct- Unmanned Aerial Vehicles construction of rebar saved an The results CRSEB achieved
ment Plant project is located ing the main structure of each (UAVs) to capture photos of additional RMB 1.71 million, on this project have laid the
on the east side of the intersec- unit and the pipeline installa- the existing site extended the while also shortening the con- groundwork for the engineer-
tion of Tengfei Avenue and Ba- tion work in the factory. This information-based digital twin struction schedule by 25 days. ing bureau to look for more
jifu Road in the Wuhan Chemi- scope includes the civil design to an immersive one. Lever- And, in construction, the im- opportunities to advance their
cal New Area. Its coverage area of more than 31 buildings, aging the immersive digital mersive digital twin was used digital maturity. This includes
includes about 130 square ki- ranging from pump rooms twin establishes more reliable to educate the on-site teams, research and development
lometers of the Shahu, Erlang to distribution wells, multi- engineering workflows, such shortening construction by an in areas such as structural
Temple, Luobuzui, and Bai- ple tanks, and other related as rebar modeling. Using the additional 121 days due to im- live-action modeling tech-
yushan sewage systems and treatment equipment. Eleven graphical representation of the provements in efficiency, sav- nologies to build intelligent
serves 2.48 million people. major categories of electrome- digital twin helped improve ing another RMB 1.27 million. construction sites, making
Covering 5,32,000 square me- chanical pipelines are covered methods for managing project
ters, the Beihu sewage treat- by the project engineering re- progress and cost and enhance
ment plant will initially treat quirements. There are major the execution and safety of on-
800,000 tons of sewage daily challenges in this project that site construction.
and eventually reach a final require highly efficient and CRSEB’s implementation of
production rate of 1.5 million controlled design and proj- BIM methodologies combined
tons per day. The new plant is ect management practices to with Bentley’s OpenBuildings
the largest scale sewage treat- deliver it successfully. Some Designer, ContextCapture,
ment plant ever built in China of the requirements include ProStructures, and LumenRT
and in greater Asia. managing the deformation, resulted in tremendous ROI
China Railway Shanghai shrinkage, and cracking of for this project. Construction
Engineering Bureau (CRSEB) highly sensitive biological durations were shortened by
using UAVs and ContextCap-
ture to support calculating The success of this project multi-aspect data acquisition
the number of earthworks re- has enabled CRSEB to trans- by combining various sensors
quired by seven-to-10 days per form the way it does business. and sharing information and
square kilometer, resulting in Lei Huang, a senior executive realizing the application of
an RMB 310,000 savings for with CRESB, said, “Based on digital construction sites. By
this calculation alone. Like- the way we applied Bentley adopting BIM methodologies
wise, the immersive digital software, certain technological and industrializing their proj-
twin, used with ProStructures advancements in this corpo- ect delivery methods using
for advanced calculations, rate water environment pro- immersive digital twins and
helped ensure that the delicate tection project have been ob- Bentley technology, CSREB
and highly sensitive pool walls tained. By combining project has built a foundation for fu-
were more easily constructed, features in the current phase, ture success.

40 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Bringing Smart Water Solutions to Colorado

The small process footprint allowed RWSD to save an estimated 30% on the total
installed costs for the facility.

Water and
from the raw water source
used for the treatment plant. District chose
The small process footprint AQUAVISTA
allowed RWSD to save an es- Portal and
timated 30% on the total in-
stalled costs for the facility. Assist to help
To further aid the facility us optimize the
in reducing operational costs operation of
and capital expenditures,
and improving efficiency and our new water
stability, RWSD has selected treatment
AQUAVISTA™ Portal and As- plant to control
sist, Veolia’s smart water solu-
tion. costs, manage
RWSD General Manager, maintenance,
Barbara Biggs states, “Rox- and document
borough Water and Sanitation
District chose AQUAVISTA regulatory
Portal and Assist to help us compliance.
optimize the operation of our - Barbara Biggs,
new water treatment plant to
control costs, manage main- General Manager,
tenance, and document regu- RWSD
latory compliance. Over time,
the AQUAVISTA algorithm give RWSD a single point of
will anticipate process chang- reference for all information
es in response to changing wa- related to their system in re-
ROXBOROUGH WATER Systems that will be support- water pumping system and ter supply characteristics and al-time and AQUAVISTA™ As-
AND Sanitation District ed by AQUAVISTA™ include their UV disinfection system. streamline our operations. sist will provide an added lay-
(RSWD) has awarded a con- 3 existing Veolia ACTIFLO® The ACTIFLO® process has And access to Veolia’s team of er of support to the operator at
tract to Veolia Water Technol- trains in operation since 2017, the ability to remove over 99% process experts will be a real RWSD with regular reviews of
ogies, Inc. for the implemen- chemical feed systems, polish- of turbidity, discolorations, asset to our operators.” system performance by Veolia
tation of AQUAVISTA™ Portal ing sand filters, the finished iron and other contaminants AQUAVISTA™ Portal will process experts.
and Assist for their water treat-
ment facility in Littleton, Col-
AQUAVISTA™ is a digital
services platform from Veolia
Water Technologies, which
offers a wide and flexible
range of customized digital
solutions for water treatment
RWSD is capable of pro-
ducing 8 MGD of high-quality
drinking water for the growing
community just south of the
Denver metro area.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 41


Water Harvesting is the Best Solution to Remove

Water Scarcity
In ancient times in India, about 53,000 lakes and ponds were in use for the rainwater
By Ramesh Goyal

supplies are unfit for human water scarcity: water source and its harvest-
or ecological uses. o By educating people to ing is the accumulation and
change consumption habit storage of rainwater for reuse
Reasons for Scarcity and lifestyles on-site, rather than allowing
Scarcity is human driven
and is due to human water
o By increasing the recycling
of water
it to run off. Rainwater can be
collected from rivers or roofs,
The drinking water
consumption in volumes: o By improving irrigation and and in many places, the wa- which is available
agriculture practices, by pro- ter collected is redirected to a about 3% but
o Pollution is a major cause
of water shortage and water
moting the installation of
drip irrigation systems
deep pit (well, shaft, or bore-
hole), a reservoir with percola-
readily it is less
is polluted when industrial o By pricing water, as the little tion, or collected from dew or than 1% out of
wastes are deposited into cost paid will certainly re- fog with nets or other tools. Its total available
water bodies and make it
unfit for human consump-
duce consumption of water
o By increasing regular plan-
uses include water for gardens,
livestock, irrigation, domestic
water and water
tion. tation and planning to re- use with proper treatment, in- affects every
Water Scarcity o The increasing population duce destruction/ cutting of door heating for houses, etc. continent and
The subject matter is the
availability of pure drinking
at the rate of 1.13% or 80
million say 8 crores people
trees and by motivating and
strengthening the methods
Rainwater harvesting is
one of the simplest and old-
around 2.8 billion
water otherwise there is 71% every year. of shifting the trees est methods of self-supply of people around the
water on the surface. The o Due to a decreasing num- o By promoting waterless water for households usually world at least one
drinking water which is avail-
able about 3% but readily it is
ber of forests and trees and
increasing pollution, the
dying technology in textile
financed by the user.
month out of every
less than 1% out of total avail- problem of global warming o By installation of soil mois- Modes of Recharging year.
able water and water affects has increased and climate ture monitoring systems to Groundwater Aquifers
every continent and around change is becoming a ma- improve productivity Groundwater aquifers can
2.8 billion people around the jor problem. Due to all this, o Resource efficient cleaner be recharged by various kinds
world at least one month out either there are too heavy production in sugar facto- of structures to ensure percola- During 2014, it was
of every year. The people, at rains or very less. Heavy ries tion of rainwater in the ground discussed by the
large, even knowing about the rains result in floods, de- o Balancing supply & demand instead of draining away from representatives of
scarcity of water, waste the wa- struction including loss of through water metering the surface. Commonly used CEO Water Mandate,
ter in bulk due to availability lives while lesser rains re- o Reducing the cost of water recharging methods are: CDP, The Nature
in their taps supplied by the sult in a scarcity of water reuse in the textile sector o Recharging of bore wells Conservancy, Water
governments. Due to increas- and then to meet with the o Basin based approach for o Recharging of dug wells Footprint Network,
ing population, demand for demand, groundwater is groundwater management o Recharge pits WWF and others. The
water is also increasing while used more and which has o Effluent treatment and aqui- o Recharge trenches scarcity, in fact, is
the availability of water is re- resulted that the ground wa- fer storage for agriculture o Soak ways or recharge shafts lack of freshwater
ducing day by day. ter level is decreasing day use o Percolation tanks resources. The water
During 2014, it was dis- by day and has reached up o Innovative public-private In ancient times in India, scarcity reflects the
cussed by the representatives to 500 ft or deeper. Out of partnership to improve wa- about 53,000 lakes and ponds physical abundance
of CEO Water Mandate, CDP, 5723 groundwater blocks, ter quality and availability were in use for the rainwater of freshwater rather
The Nature Conservancy, Wa- more than 50% are in the o Reducing water use in fish harvesting. In around 300 BC, than whether the
ter Footprint Network, WWF dark zone and the position and seafood processing farming communities in Balu- water is suitable to
and others. Scarcity, in fact, is growing worse to worst. o Intergraded water resource chistan, Afghanistan, Iran and use. For instance,
is lack of freshwater resourc- The decreasing groundwater management in agriculture Kutch (India) used rainwater an area may have
es. Water scarcity reflects the level is a big warning for the and so on...but the rainwater harvesting for agriculture and abundant water
physical abundance of fresh- future and we have to think harvesting is the best solu- many other uses. Rainwater resources but have
water rather than whether the over to solve all this increas- tion in all these solutions. from the Brihadeeswarar tem- severe pollution that
water is suitable to use. For in- ing water scarcity. ple (located in Thanjavur, TN these supplies are
stance, an area may have abun- Rainwater Harvesting India) was collected in Shiva- unfit for human or
dant water resources but have The Solution Rainwater is a renewable, ganga tank. During the later ecological uses.
severe pollution that these We can solve the problem of sustainable and a high-quality Chola period, the Vīrānam

42 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

tank was built (1011 to 1037 for the inspection of existing tate the availability of uncon- o Th
 e water can’t be prepared
CE) in the Cuddalore district rainwater harvesting systems taminated water for domestic, or manufactured in a facto-
of Tamil Nadu to store water and guidance at Gurugram industrial, and irrigation ry or mill. By the harvesting
for drinking and irrigation (Haryana) in May 2017 and needs. system, it can be stored in
purposes. Vīrānam is a 16-km-
long tank with a storage capac-
surprisingly almost all the sys-
tems were dumped with trash Rainwater Harvesting by
bulk without paying any
cost of water.
Presently, Tamil
ity of 14 billion 65 million cub. and rendered useless due to Solar Power Panels o Regular maintenance and Nadu was the
ft., i.e. 41.5 million cub. mts. lack of their maintenance and A vast area is being covered cleaning are required to first state to
Rainwater harvesting
care. But the MCG concerned
officers took it as a challenge
by solar PV panels every year
in all parts of the world. Solar o 
keep the system hygienic.
It provides water when a
make rainwater
was also common in the and started work to regularize panels can also be used for drought occurs, can help harvesting
Roman empire. them. harvesting most of the rainwa- mitigate flooding of low-ly- compulsory for
Presently, Tamil Nadu was
the first state to make rainwater
In Rajasthan, rainwater har-
vesting has traditionally been
ter falling on them and drink-
ing quality water, free from
ing areas, and reduces de-
mand on wells which may
every building to
harvesting compulsory for ev- practiced by the people of the bacteria and suspended mat- enable groundwater levels avoid groundwater
ery building to avoid ground- Thar Desert. Many ancient wa- ter, can be generated by simple to be sustained. depletion. Chennai
water depletion. The scheme
was launched in 2001 and has
ter harvesting systems in Ra-
jasthan have now been revived.
filtration and disinfection pro-
cesses as rainwater is very low
o The harvesting of rainwater
can also decrease a house-
had a 50% rise in
been implemented in all areas Water harvesting systems are in salinity. hold’s water costs or overall water level in five
of Tamil Nadu. Posters all over widely used in Rajasthan, Advantages of Rainwater usage levels. Rainwater is years and the water
Tamil Nadu including rural
areas create awareness about
as well, are widely known as
‘Kund’ and it is the only reason
harvesting are:
o Depleting groundwater level
safe to drink. Rainwater is
also independent of salin-
quality significantly
harvesting rainwater. It gave that people of Rajasthan never will be arrested, rather the ity or pollutants found in improved.
excellent results within five faced severe shortage as they level will start increasing. groundwater, increasing the
years, and slowly every state are always alert in this regard. o The scarcity of water and quantity of potable drinking
took it as a role model. Since This is the position in al- fear of dark future will be water available when rain- be concluded that rainwater
its implementation, Chennai most all other countries e.g. reduced. water harvesting is utilized. harvesting is the best solution
had a 50% rise in water level in New Zeeland, Sri Lanka, South o Flood chances will also re- not only to remove water scar-
five years and the water quali- Africa, United Kingdom, Thai- duce and speed of water will System Set-up city but also to minimize other
ty significantly improved. land, etc. In China, Argentina, also be affected and by that, The basic rainwater har- calamities.
In Bangalore city of Karna- and Brazil, rooftop rainwater destruction will also in di- vesting system is more of a
taka, adoption of rainwater harvesting is being practiced minishing position. To stop plumbing job than a technical About the Author
harvesting is mandatory for for providing drinking water, the floods two major modes job, as all the outlets from the Ramesh Goyal is an Envi-
every owner or the occupier of domestic water, and water for are the maximization of building’s terrace are connect- ronmentalist and Jal Star. He
a building having the site area livestock, water for small irri- plantation and water har- ed through a pipe to an under- is the National Secretary Envi-
measuring 60 ft x 40 ft and gation, and a way to replenish vesting systems. ground tank that stores water. ronment at Bharat Vikas Pari-
above and for a newly con- groundwater levels. Thailand o Sewerage overflows will be Frankfurt Airport has the shad and National President at
structed building measuring has the largest fraction of the reduced. biggest rainwater harvesting Paryavaran Prerana.
30 ft x 40 ft and above dimen- population in the rural area re- o The need for water re-treat- system in Germany. The sys-
sions. In this regard, Bangalore lying on rainwater harvesting ment plants will be lesser. tem helps save approximately
Water Supply and Sewerage (currently around 40%). Rain- o Roads will remain more in- 1 million cubic meters of wa-
Board has initiated and con- water harvesting was promot- tact and repair process and ter per year. Frankfurt Airport
structed “Rain Water Harvest- ed heavily by the government expenses will be saved. The cost of the system was has the biggest
ing Theme Park” in the name in the 1980s. o The cost/expenses on main- 1.5 million dm (USD 63,000) rainwater harvesting
of Sir M. Visvesvaraya in 1.2 In new approaches, instead tenance of all such public in 1993. The system collects system in Germany.
acres (4,900 m2) of land situat- of using the roof for catch- utility items will be lesser water from roofs of the new The system helps
ed at Jayanagar, Bangalore. In ment, the Rain Saucer, which and by that, it will be sup- terminal which has an area of save approximately
this park, 26 different types of looks like an upside-down porting for other develop- 26,800 square meters. 1 million cubic
rainwater harvesting models umbrella, collects rain straight ment work. The water is collected in the meters of water
are demonstrated along with from the sky. This decreases o The problem of drinking basement of the airport in six per year. The cost
the water conservation tips. the potential for contamina- water availability will be tanks with a storage capacity of the system was
The auditorium on the first tion and makes potable water reduced and dangerous po- of 100 cubic meters. The wa- 1.5 million dm (USD
floor is set up with a “green” air for developing countries a sition will be deferred. ter is mainly used for toilet 63,000) in 1993.
conditioning system and will potential application. In fact, o The quality of existing flushing, watering plants and The system collects
be used to arrange the meeting in Rajasthan, this water collec- groundwater will be im- cleaning the air conditioning water from roofs of
and showing of a video clip tion system is being used since proved, thereby giving bet- system. the new terminal
about the rainwater harvesting ancient time in almost all the ter results in irrigation and which has an area
to students and the general houses with the help of bed other works. Quality of 26,800 square
public. sheets and other such clothes. o Reduce the risk of losing Rainwater may need to be meters. The water
Rainwater harvesting is The main purpose of the some or all of the year’s har- analyzed properly, and used in is collected in the
mandatory in several cities of rainwater harvesting is to use vest because of soil or water a way appropriate to its safety. basement of the
almost all the States of India the locally available rainwater scarcity. In addition, the Rainwater itself is a clean airport in six tanks
but neither the government to meet water requirements risks associated with flood- source of water, often better with a storage
nor public is serious about it. throughout the year without ing and soil erosion during than groundwater or water capacity of 100 cubic
I have a practical bitter expe- the need for huge capital ex- high rainfall seasons would from rivers or lakes. meters.
rience about it as I was called penditure. This would facili- decrease. On the basis of all this, it can

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 43


Tailored Water
By Robert C. Brears

ity demand as waste heat can es of each customer. In 2017 the price decreasing with qual-
come from various sources in- alone, the utility provided 96.9 ity. The classes are Class A+
cluding power plants, refinery million cubic meters of indus- recycled water, which is very
plants, and waste incineration trial water and 158.7 million highly treated recycled water
plants, etc. cubic meters of drinking wa- and is usually only required
ter through more than 14,000 for industrial process water or
Tailored Industrial kilometers of the pipeline net- for the irrigation of minimally
Water in Flanders work. Evides Industriewater processed food crops), Class A
In Flanders, De Watergroep focuses on providing process and B recycled water, which
provides tailored industrial water to the chemical indus- is recycled water that requires
water for industry and service try, petrochemicals, and food additional treatment process-
business customers. The water industry with an overall em- es above the normal sewage
utility’s “Industry and Services phasis on tailoring water to the treatment processes that are
Business Unit” charts the com- needs of customers. The utility sufficient to allow effluent to
pany’s internal water streams, delivers different process wa- be discharged into the envi-
analyses sources of available ter based on a Design, Build, ronment, and Class C recycled
water, including groundwa- Finance, and Operate con- water, which is the lowest qual-
ter, surface water as well as tract, which involves Evides ity of recycled water supplied
wastewater or reusable process Industriewater, on behalf of by the utility.
water, and seeks ways of op- its customers, purifying water
timizing water consumption. and reusing water. Some of the Malta’s New Water
WATER IS A KEY component crease its water use by 400%. The quality of water supplied main industrial water prod- Malta’s Water Services Com-
of local and national econo- depends on the customer’s ucts Evides Industriewater of- mission has established the
mies with the resource often a Meeting Rising Demand requirements, for example, fers to customers includes ag- New Water program, which
key input in a variety of indus- with Nonconventional whether they require cooling ricultural and irrigation water, involves treated wastewater
trial value chains. As industri- Supply water or demineralized water cooling water, industrial water, going through ultrafiltration
al demand for water increases To ensure industry has ac- etc. The Business Unit usually and demineralized water. De- to remove bacteria, reverse
the sector needs to increase its cess to adequate supplies of carries out its industrial water mand has now resulted in Ev- osmosis to remove chemicals,
water productivity. A failure to good quality water and main- projects according to the con- ides Industriewater providing and advanced oxidation to
do so could lead to the loss or tains productivity, utilities cept of Design, Build, Finance solutions to 75 installations, remove remaining pollutants.
disappearance of jobs. have been researching and and Operate (DBFO) contracts. including 12 DBFO plants as Each year the program produc-
developing ‘non-conventional’ The Business Unit has also de- well as mobile installations in es 7 million m3 of high-quali-
Majority of Jobs sources for large-scale custom- veloped a mobile pilot installa- the Benelux and Germany. ty water suitable for safe crop
Dependent on Water ers. Examples of which are as tion and drilling team unit for irrigation. This will potentially
It is estimated that more follows. business customers to see how Fit for Purpose meet up to 35% of the current
than 1.4 billion jobs, or 42% of the utility can match desired Recycled Water total demand of the agricul-
the world’s total active work- Research on Industrial water quality with available Queensland Urban Utilities tural sector. In addition, the
force, are heavily water-depen- Wastewater Reuse water resources. The pilot sys- supports the sustainable use high-quality water can be used
dent while another 1.2 billion Singapore’s Public Utilities tem uses various techniques of recycled water across its for landscaping and industry,
jobs or 36% of the world’s total Board (PUB) has been con- including ultrafiltration and service territory with numer- ensuring New Water is fully
active workforce are moderate- ducting research on recycling reverse-osmosis on a small- ous environmental benefits utilized during periods of low
ly water dependent. In total, and reuse of industrial waste- scale, enabling customers to including conservation of wa- demand by the agricultural
78% of jobs in the global work- water. Industrial wastewater make decisions on invest- ter resources, reduced nutrient sector. Currently, New Water
force is dependent on water. is a by-product of manufac- ments and the techniques to loads being released into wa- is available through hydrants,
turing processes at industrial be used. terways, improved quality of which are accessed by elec-
Water-Dependent or commercial premises. With public assets e.g. sporting field tronic cards. As of 2018, seven
Industries suitable treatment, industrial Customized Process surfaces, and support of agri- hydrants are available in the
Half of the global workforce wastewater can be recycled Water in the Netherlands culture where environmental North region of Malta. Moving
is employed in eight water and and reused as the boiler or Evides, a water utility that sources of water are insuffi- forward, the program is de-
natural resource-dependent cooling tower feed water in provides drinking water to 2.5 cient. A key aspect of the util- veloping three additional net-
industries including agricul- addition to irrigation and toi- million consumers and busi- ity’s recycled water program works to increase the number
ture, forestry, fisheries, ener- let flushing. PUB has also been nesses in three Dutch provinc- is that recycled water must be of hydrants available for water
gy, manufacturing, recycling, conducting research on Low- es of Zeeland, the south-west- fit for purpose. Specifically, users.
building, and transport. Cur- Temperature Thermal Desali- ern part of Zuid-Holland, Queensland Urban Utilities Robert Brears is the au-
rently, industry and manufac- nation (LTTD), a desalination and the south-western part of provides various qualities, thor of Urban Water Security,
turing account for around 4% process that utilizes low-grade Noord-Brabant, offers indus- or classes, of recycled water Founder of Mitidaption, and
of global water withdrawals. industrial waste heat to pro- trial water, or ‘process water’ treated to meet the custom- Our Future Water.”
By 2050, it is projected that duce high-quality freshwater. that is customized for specific ers’ requirements from each
manufacturing alone could in- This requires minimal electric- requirements and preferenc- recycled water schemes, with @Mitidaption

44 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Local Governance and Mandated Committees: Is

Democracy Deepened?
Compulsory Education Act o Th
 e study also found that useful not just for those work-
(RTE), 2009 has mandated the the informal committees ing on the ground but also for
constitution of School Man- promoted by the CSO part- larger systems to scale if we
agement Committee (SMC) ners comprising of active want to see the institutions
for every school. It should be community members exist- functioning in the best of ca-
formed and reorganized once ed. Members were usually pacity. The below list is indic-
in 2 years in all government elected in relatively broader ative but not exhaustive:
schools except unaided insti- village level meetings. At the
tutions. And there are program same time, such commit- o A comprehensive under-
committees like Village Health tees may not be truly rep- standing of the water, for-
Sanitation and Nutrition Com- resentative, inclusive and est, hygiene, education,
mittee mandated through well-structured. and health needs to be de-
central schemes like National veloped in the community.
Rural Health Mission, with its There also emerged some There is also a need to iden-
IN MY PREVIOUS columns, various participatory and ac- mandate to assist in decentral- key capacity gaps: tify individuals who have an
I have been writing about the countability processes have ized health planning. o There are technical issues innate interest to be volun-
need for deepening the de- been side-lined and the role of Below are some of the key that the committees are teers for the social services
mocracy on the ground and the local government generally findings: keen to know like related in each hamlet, caste, gen-
the role that local government been scuttled. to dealing with solid waste, der and religious composi-
bodies can play in this regard. While instinctively we know o Th
 ere are positive examples particularly disposal of cow tion of the village.
The 73rd and 74th Constitu- the challenges around the im- of the committees - where dung heaps, methods of o Existing informal commit-
tional Amendments led to the plementation of this spirit, it sharing the responsibilities repair of toilets, measures tees should be nurtured to
establishment of Panchayati was still a worthwhile exercise of the programme imple- to prevent contamination ensure accountability of
Raj Institutions and Urban to undertake a more com- mentation is evident. In of drinking water from the GP and other programme
Local Bodies about 25 years prehensive look from access many cases, committees toilet leach pits/septic tanks, committees for more effi-
back. The local governments to basic services and rights are taking key roles in mak- methods of water recharge cient delivery of services.
were designed to be models perspective. WaterAid India ing the Gram Panchayats etc. In order to fulfill these The informal committees
of direct democracy where the recently completed a study accountable and their busi- needs related to WASH, the could provide the nurturing
idea was to reduce the distance in this regard with the objec- nesses transparent. Wherev- committee members were ground for taking leadership
between citizens and elected tive of looking at various in- er the GPs were convinced keen to know the possible in the formal committees.
representatives along with stitutions on the ground and for sharing responsibilities sources of water, sanitation o The tools for monitoring of
ensuring that the business ways to strengthen them. The with the committees, many and hygiene (WASH) fund- services that have been de-
transactions were taking place study was carried out in five interested and competent, ing from the Gram Pan- veloped by the civil society
in front of those who elect the states - Bihar, Chhattisgarh, motivated and well-mean- chayat, state, and central should be adapted, stan-
local governments. Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and ing people of the village government schemes and dardized and systematically
One of the departures in Uttar Pradesh. In each state, have played an active role. possible methods of taxa- used by the GPs to monitor
local governments is that they two Gram Panchayats (GPs) o Yet, mandated committees tion for WASH services. social services.
are considered to be the ser- were selected providing demo- constituted as per the stat- o The committee members o An annual calendar for
vice delivery agencies as well graphic, socio-economic and utes of the government, found it difficult to seek meetings of various village
as implementers of the welfare leadership diversity. remained largely on papers active participation of the level committees should
schemes offered by the na- First of all, there are at least only and the selection of community, therefore want- be drawn at the beginning
tional and state governments. three different kinds of man- members to the committee ed to know ways to engage of the year, which is based
They are also envisaged to be dated committees besides was not through community with the community in a on the needs of the village
promoting transparency and various informal, non-formal consultation. meaningful manner. There and aspirations of the com-
accountability in the trans- bodies working on the ground, o Most state-led committees were also questions around mittee members. This ac-
action of business. The last very often set up by local inter- have nominated established the structure of the village tion-oriented structured in-
mile service delivery depends est groups, Civil Society Orga- influential leaders or their Panchayat, their functions teraction will have an action
entirely upon them with the nizations (CSOs), etc. nominees as members. and powers. Moreover, what agenda for each month. It is
spirit of local ownership. There are standing commit- These committees do not were the powers of the com- expected that over a period
However, what has happened tees on water, sanitation, edu- have adequate representa- mittees to hold the Gram of one year, the committee
along the way is that the ad- cation, nutrition and general tion of the poorest and the Panchayats and field func- will learn to function as a
ministrative machinery of administration formed to de- marginalized or their par- tionaries accountable? How committee that is partici-
the district very often hasn’t centralize power and responsi- ticipation is just a tokenism could the committee mem- patory, democratic and re-
focused on strengthening the bilities and to give greater the- due to official guidelines. bers access information sult-oriented.
local governments for greater matic focus on issues relevant o An overlap in the roles and about the funds and expen- Avinash Kumar is Director
participation and accountabil- to the respective communities. functions of the committees diture of the GP and various - Programme, and Policy at Wa-
ity. Rather, the focus has been There are statutory committees was observed with the com- programmes? terAid India.
on attaining efficiency in the like School Management Com- mittees formed under the There are some clear ways to
delivery of services, therefore mittees. The Right to Free and state Panchayat Acts. move forward which would be @Avinashkoomar

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 45


Upgrading Pump Packing to Mechanical Seals

Conserves Water, Improves Energy Efficiency,
and Minimizes Environmental Impact
An alternative to compression packing in centrifugal pumps, mechanical seal
technology reduces direct power consumption and parasitic power losses in shaft
sealing systems, while conserving water, and minimizing environmental impact by
virtually eliminating leakage of contaminated aqueous solutions to the atmosphere.
By Mark Savage and Sam Ajram

centrifugal pumps, going back the packing rings is a preva-

well over 100 years. Also re- lent and growing misapplica-
ferred to as gland packing, it is tion of maintenance of cen-
a braided, rope-like, and lubri- trifugal pumps, with critical
cated material that is packed consequences to both water
around the shaft in rings, phys- consumption and energy draw.
ically stuffing the gap between Under-tightening results
the shaft and the pump hous- in too much leakage. Already,
ing, within a stuffing box. when properly adjusted, pack-
ing leakage can amount to
Water Leakage and gallons of liquid leaked per
Consumption minute. This can be either
For compression packing to aqueous solutions comprised
work, some leakage must be of varied benign or caustic
maintained to lubricate and chemical compositions, or par-
cool the packing material. So ticles in suspension or slurry,
Packing Seal Chamber the packing rings allow for depending on what is being
an adjustable, close-clearance processed.
THE ENVIRONMENTAL centrifugal pumps, which rep- most centrifugal pump appli- leak path parallel to the axis The heavier the suspension
PERFORMANCE of products resent a significant proportion cations by upgrading from tra- of the shaft. But as the packing or slurry content is in the liq-
and processes in all industrial of the equipment found in ditional compression packing ages through use, some of the uid being pumped, the more
sectors is increasingly coming most industrial manufactur- to mechanical seal technology. lubricants that is embedded water is needed to get packing
under critical inspection, with ing and processing operations. into the packing is lost, reduc- to work reliably. Typically, a
sustainability, conservation of One of the vital components Compression Packing ing the volume of the pack- clean external flush is piped
natural resources and reduced of a centrifugal pump is the When sealing a centrifugal ing rings. The pressure that is into the stuffing box through
environmental contamination seal around the rotating shaft pump, the objective is to allow squeezing the rings together a lantern ring, which keeps
directly influencing the design which passes through a sta- the rotating shaft to enter the is also reduced, increasing the the packing lubricated, cool
and selection of equipment. tionary pressure casing or wet area of the pump, with- amount of leakage. and flushed of abrasives and
There are many industrial pro- housing. The seal contains the out allowing large volumes of Periodic adjustment of the chemicals.
cesses that can be addressed liquid or gas from escaping to pressurized fluid to escape. packing follower will bring Normally, some portion
to improve sustainability and the environment. The discharge pressure of the the pressure back into specifi- of the leakage is continually
minimize environmental im- Sealing systems are vital in pump will force fluid back cation, and control the excess being released into the atmo-
pact, while at the same time maintaining pump efficiency, behind the impeller, where it leakage. But increasingly, that sphere.
maintaining or reducing op- reliability, energy consump- attempts to exit by way of the maintenance is not always Under-tightening of the
erating costs. Implementing tion, water usage and control rotating drive shaft. To mini- being performed at required packing rings and use of exter-
energy-efficient and environ- of emissions to the environ- mize this leakage there needs intervals, or adjusted correctly. nal flushes increase this atmo-
mentally-friendly processes ment. These factors can ma- to be a seal between the shaft As the number of centrifugal spheric release proportionate-
and technologies should be terially facilitate a process and the pump housing that pumps that incorporate the ly, along with the potential for
embraced as a priority at the plant in achieving total life-cy- can contain the pressure of use of compression packing environmental impact.
component, process and sys- cle-cost-reduction and sustain- the process being pumped, has decreased, the training
tem levels. ability objectives. In support and also withstand the friction and understanding of packing Friction and Parasitic
Included in these process- of achieving these objectives, caused by the shaft rotating. maintenance have waned. Energy Draw
es is mission-critical rotating sealing performance can be Compression packing has Consequently, under-tight- Friction is always present
equipment, and specifically considerably improved in traditionally been used to seal ening and over-tightening of in centrifugal pumps with

46 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

removal of this water requires very little flush water need- or buffer fluid that separates
energy, typically through boil- ed to be injected into the seal the pumped liquid from the
ing; and chamber. atmosphere and environment.
C) The pump heat soak - en- Compression packing used Dual mechanical seals allow
ergy transferred from the hot in abrasive pumping appli- for near complete control over
metal of the pump to the fluid cations requires significant the seal operating environ-
within the packing chamber. volumes of water to be inject- ment and the fluid film lubri-
These energy draws are not ed into the stuffing box. A cating the seal faces.
typically measured directly. In- mechanical seal in the same They provide maximum
stead, current and voltage fluc- service requires only a small elimination of leakage of the
tuations utilized by the pump fraction of this water volume. fluid being handled in centrif-
motor are assessed under var- These seals create an ex- ugal pumps.
ied operating conditions to tremely restrictive leak path
determine how much power perpendicular to the axis of Environmental Impact
is being consumed by parasit- the shaft, between the two Efforts made toward im-
ic influences, which enables sliding seal faces. This results proving sustainability in man-
packing energy deficiencies to in almost no leakage to the at- ufacturing processes, whether
be identified. mosphere. by reduced water and energy
use, or by eliminating the dis-
Mechanical Seals Support Reduced Power charge of harmful fluids and
Energy Efficiency, Water Consumption gases, not only provide a ben-
Conservation and Reduce The amount of power re- efit to the environment by re-
Environmental Impact quired to drive a mechanical ducing environmental impact
Cutaway of a Mechanical Seal
An alternative to compres- seal is up to 80 percent less but also a benefit to manufac-
compression packing, due to But this is not the only factor sion packing is the mechanical when compared to compres- turers by reducing operational
the large surface area of the influencing energy usage with seal, which resolves many of sion packing, primarily be- costs.
packing rings in contact with compression packing. When the sustainability and environ-
the shaft. Over-tightening of examining the energy draw mental-impact issues inherent
the packing rings restricts component of a total life-cy- in compression packing. These
leakage flow, increases friction cle-cost analysis related to the mechanical seals require much
between the packing and the use of compression packing lower water and energy de-
shaft, and generates excessive in centrifugal pumps, other mand and have substantial-
heat which degrades the pack- factors need to be considered, ly reduced leakage, making
ing. The increased friction also such as: them much more efficient at
wears the shaft prematurely. A) The external flush that containing volatile or hazard-
But from an energy con- is piped into the stuffing box ous fluids, aqueous solutions,
sumption perspective, that - this pressurized water or and slurry suspensions. In
additional friction of the pack- fluid needs to be moved from addition, mechanical seals
ing gripping the shaft creates a source location to the pack- require no maintenance, once
increased drag, requiring more ing. This requires a pump that installed.
drive power to turn the shaft. draws electricity; A mechanical seal is com-
It is that drag which creates an B) In applications like min- prised of a stationary primary
additional, and significant, par- ing, where compression pack- element which is fixed within
asitic energy draw. The impor- ing is more commonly used, the pump housing, and a ro- Pump Packing Seal Exhibiting Excessive Leakage to the Environment
tance of this friction-induced water added via the packing tating mating element fixed to
energy draw is critical for as- flush to maintain a clean en- the shaft. Precisely machined, cause the seal faces have less Mechanical seals in cen-
sessing the energy efficiency of vironment around the packing these two components are frictional energy losses due to trifugal pumps, and particu-
compression packing. needs to be later taken out. The pressed together by a flexible the extremely precise mating larly dual mechanical seals
load element, meeting at a between the stationary and ro- are well-suited to reduce or
wear face, while the extreme tating elements. eliminate volatile or hazard-
tolerance precisions between Additional energy reduction ous fluids, and their harmful
the two elements minimize requirements take the form of vapors from escaping into the
leakage. The wear faces are the reduced need for flush wa- environment.
supported on an extremely ter to be pumped into the seal, They should be specified as
thin lubricating film, typically which is required with com- the standard sealing solution,
0.25 microns (9.8 microinch- pression packing. particularly when the pumped
es) in thickness. Available in a fluids present a safety, health,
variety of types, arrangements, Dual Mechanical Seals or environmental hazard.
and materials, the mechanical Designed to ensure maxi-
seals are found in the majority mum sealing safety, dual me- About the Authors
of centrifugal pumps today. chanical seals are typically de- Mark Savage is the Product
fined as a single assembly that Group Manager at Metal Bel-
Minimized Water contains a pair of seals. lows Engineering, and Sam
Consumption and A cavity is formed between Ajram is the Global Product
Leakage the two seals within the assem- Marketing Manager at John
Pump Packing Seal Exhibiting Excessive Leakage to the Environment Mechanical seals require bly that is filled with a barrier Crane, Inc.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 47


Grundfos India Brings Clean Drinking

Water to Thiruvanai Koil Village
Through this sponsored system, more than 250 households will be positively
impacted and their dependency on external sources for drinking water will be
tremendously reduced.

globe. Our aim is to improve

the overall quality of life of the
people in Thiruvanai Koil and
help them become self-suffi-
cient with respect to clean wa-
ter. They will now have more
On an average,
time and energy to focus on families at
their families, education, and Thiruvanai Koil
Krishnan, Chief Operating
will be able to
Officer, Hand in Hand India, save around 40
also added “We at HIH India minutes in a day,
have always worked towards
uplifting and creating self-re-
equal to half a year
liant villages. We are delighted per family due
to partner with Grundfos India to the drinking
to bring clean drinking water
to the village of Thiruvanai
water facility.
Koil. Like Grundfos, we also
believe that access to clean more than 350 employees and
drinking water is a necessity works with 200 distributors
Grundfos India and Hand in Hand India Representatives at the Inaugural Event to Bring Clean Drinking
Water to Thiruvanai Koil
and we want to help improve and dealers with 14 offices
the lives of as many people as across India. Grundfos In-
GRUNDFOS INDIA, A global ers are either forced to travel dependency on external sourc- possible.”
leader in advanced pump solu- nearly five KMs every day to es for drinking water will be Through the years, Grund-
tions and water technology, nearby panchayats for drink- tremendously reduced. fos India has been working to According to a
partnered with Hand in Hand ing water or had to resort to Speaking about the initia- improve the access to clean Recent Report by
India, a leading internation- buying water from private tive, Mahathi Parashuram, water in hundreds of villages NITI Aayog...
al non-profit organization to companies. Since most of the Regional Head of Public Af- through its CSR initiatives. • A round 40% of India’s
bring clean drinking water to villagers have a basic income fairs, Communications & En- Grundfos Pumps India Pvt. population might not
Thiruvanai Koil, Kancheepur- either from manual labor or gagement, Asia Pacific Region, Ltd. (Grundfos India) is a have access to drinking
am. The drinking water system agriculture, they do not have Grundfos, said “We believe wholly owned subsidiary of water in another decade.
was inaugurated in the pres- the luxury to directly invest in that access to drinking water Grundfos Holdings. Grund- • 2,00,000 people in India
ence of the village community. drinking water facilities. is a basic human right. The sig- fos India is responsible for die every year due to
Drinking water has been a Through this Grundfos In- nificance of this initiative em- sales of Grundfos products lack of clean water.
critical concern for the people dia sponsored system, more anates from our commitment in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan,
in Thiruvanai Koil, especially than 250 households will be towards providing clean drink- Maldives, and Nepal. Cur-
in the summer. The villag- positively impacted and their ing water to people across the rently, Grundfos India has dia provides energy efficient
pumps and smart pumping
solutions for various applica-
tions - heating and hot water
service systems, cooling and
air-conditioning systems, in-
dustrial applications, pressure
boosting and liquid transfer,
groundwater supply, domes-
tic water supply, sewage and
wastewater, dosing, chlorina-
tion systems, disinfection sys-
tems and pumps running on
renewable energy.

48 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


There is More than ZLD for Textile Plants in India

Industrial grade salt recovery with membrane-based concentration technology.

Assisted Reverse
Osmosis (OARO)
overcomes the
limitations of
Reverse Osmosis
and offers an
to thermal
ered water.
Hyrec technology can also
concentrate salts other than
NaCl and Na2SO4, such as
CaCl2, MgCl2, LiCl, etc. Com-
pared to other concentration
Hyrec Near-Commercial Size Pilot Plant
methods, e.g. thermal evapora-
tors, MVR, and electrodialysis,
RO IS THE most efficient from the high-pressure side to ference between the feed and osmosis for high salinity brines, Hyrec saves more than 40% in
method to desalinate low-sa- low-pressure side as in stan- the permeate sides allows the and its energy consumption is capital expenses and up to 60%
linity water streams. RO con- dard RO. However, unlike treatment of ultra-saline feeds lower than mechanical vapor of operating expenses.
centrates wastewater to approx- RO, OARO employs two feed at pressures as low as 70 bars. compression. Hyrec’s demon- Hyrec is now building com-
imately up to 10% TDS with an streams. The first feed stream is Thus, OARO’s maximum recov- stration plant has been opera- mercial size plants to introduce
osmotic pressure (π) of ∼59 bar. the same RO feed stream which ery is not limited by the burst tional for more than six months to the Indian market and plans
For higher salinities, thermal is dewatered through the mem- pressure of RO membranes. and its energy consumption is to fully commercialize its tech-
technologies are used to con- branes and leaves the module Hyrec technology maintains approx. 5.8 kWh/m3 of recov- nology in 2019.
centrate brine streams to ap- with increased concentration. the pressure difference in a
proximately 20-25% TDS brine This concentrated stream is safe range to protect the mem-
(π ≈ 290 bar). then recycled back to the op- branes and optimizes the net
But thermal systems are cost- posite side of the membranes driving pressure to minimize
ly, and high-pressure RO sys- as a second feed stream, di- energy consumption.
tems need special membranes luted through the membranes Hyrec technology is adap-
which increase CAPEX and and leaves the module with tive, flexible, and modular.
OPEX. decreased concentration. The When solutions are too concen-
In OARO, permeate flows reduced osmotic pressure dif- trated for RO to treat, hybridiz-
ing the OARO with RO is the
most feasible method.
There are many opportuni-
ties in India for ZLD, especially
with the types of waters that are
generated from textile produc-
tion. OARO is well-suited for
textile manufacturers because
they can use a higher TDS brine
as part of their manufacturing
Pilot results show that the
OARO dewatering process im-
Net Driving Pressure Distribution through Cascading Multi-Stage System proves the recovery of reverse Hyrec System Integrated to Textile Plant for Zero Liquid Discharge

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 49


9th Water Quality India Association (WQIA)
General Body Meeting
January 10, Ahmedabad, India
Around 60 participants from the water treatment industry from all over the country
attended this day-long meeting.

tion in drinking water. Consumer Insights” by Sanjay

Dr. S Muralidhara Rao from Chakraborty of ESSKSEE.
AWRTCL (IAPMO Group Lab) Muktesh Pathi from AO
enthralled the audience with Smith India highlighted the
his stimulating lecture on test- points to be taken into consid-
ing requirements of BIS RO eration while selecting quality
Standard IS 16240 that will products/ components from
help water purifier manufac- material safety point-of-view.
turers to understand various The educational courses viz.
test conditions needs, number It was announced that the
of samples and test parame- Quality Water Professional
ters. (QWP) Level 1 and Service
Ram Mallar, the legal advi- Technician courses are now
sor to WQIA updated about available for the industry to
the NGT lawsuit. NGT has recruit their staff.
given a favorable response to New Subcommittees - Mem-

THE 9TH WATER Quality Sunil Trivedi talked about the sociations.
India Association (WQIA) accomplishments of WQIA – VA Raju from Alfaa UV
meeting was held on 10th Jan- their membership growth; the updated about the initiatives
uary at Renaissance Hotel in NGT (National Green Tribu- taken by WQIA’a Standards
Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. nal) order (that RO purifiers Committee on coming up with
Around 60 participants cannot be banned); the part- two standards, i.e., Evaluating
from the water treatment in- nership with Indian Plumbing Safety of Material Pertaining
dustry from all over the coun- Skill Council (IPSC) for Service to PoU (Point-of-Use) Water
try attended this day-long Technician Course; and about Purification Systems and Com-
meeting. planning more educational ponents, and Water Efficiency the water industry by refusing bership, Education, Public
The President of WQIA, programs with the regional as- Rating of Point-of-Use Based ban RO purifiers. He also talk- Relations & Standards were
Reverse Osmosis Drinking ed about the representation of formed, and members vol-
Water Treatment Units. The WQIA in this matter as a trade untarily joined them to grow
Standards Committee mem- association, and that the peti- the association. The meeting
bers also opined to work on tioner was unable to provide was adjourned with the vote
the performance standards for concrete evidence for banning of thanks by Dr. Sandhya Sri-
components. RO purifiers. A new committee vastava from Bhavan Research
Prof. T Pradeep from IIT, has been formed to address Centre, Mumbai.
Chennai gave a scintillating lec- the NGT lawsuit and provide The next meeting of WQIA
ture on ‘nanotechnology’ and inputs to an expert committee will be held in New Delhi on
how it can be useful for water of NGT (responses from in- 9th August 2019.
treatment. He sighted many ex- dustry to be submitted to this Smart Water & Waste World
amples where nanotechnology committee). (SWWW) magazine covered
is used for mitigating arsenic There was an interesting the event as the water indus-
and heavy metals contamina- session on “Advertising and try’s media representative.

50 February 2019 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


4th National Summit Sustainable on
Water & Sanitation
January 10-11, Bengaluru, India
The two-day summit gathered over 200+ attendees with a range of national &
international water and sanitation experts.

Services Foundation, CDD

Society, Aga Khan Agency
for Habitat India, Gramala-
ya, BORDA, Sanitation First,
and India Water Foundation.
Event partners and solution
providers such as Elixir H2O,
Bangalore Urban Water Sup-
ply & Sewerage Board (BWS-
SB), Tahal Group, Rostfrei
Steels, Water Reach, Prince
Piping Systems, C.R.I. Pumps
and Enbio Green Solutions
NISPANA INNOVATIVE sion, Ministry of Municipal Ecosan Services Foundation; discussions and technology delivered technical presenta-
PLATFORMS, in association Administration, Port & Inland Ms. Abha Bahadur, Founder showcase for knowledge dis- tions and also exhibited their
with leading NGOs, recently Water Transport, State Govt. & President, Centre for Water, semination in the domains products. Innovative technol-
hosted the 4th Annual Na- of Karnataka, Ministry of Hu- Sanitation & Health for Wom- of sustainable drinking water ogy solution provider Elixir
tional Summit on Sustainable man Resource Development, en; Satheesh Nair, Director, & sanitation, policy reform H2O also launched their logo
Elixir H2O; and S. Damoda- in water & sanitation, water and a new product which is
ran, Founder, Gramalaya. quality & water management, self-sufficient, sustaining, and
The summit gathered over wastewater treatment, devel- an eco-friendly solution to the
200+ attendees with a range oping cost-effective & ecolog- drinking water crisis in India.
of national and international ically safe & sustainable sani- The summit concluded with
water and sanitation experts, tation, fecal sludge & septage a high note while setting a
practitioners, government management, innovations & huge expectation for the next
agencies under one roof and technologies for water & san- edition. Furthermore, the pro-
shared their experiences, itation management, women’s ceedings of the summit will
technology best-practices to involvement in water & san- be shared with all relevant
address the current challeng- itation for rural India, busi- government and regulatory
Water and Sanitation in Ben- Govt. of India, and City Man- es and issues. The two-day ness & finance model for wa- authorities and participants
galuru from 10-11 January agers Association, Karnataka. summit served as a capaci- ter & sanitation management, to implement the learning of
2019. The event was support- The event was inaugurated by ty-building platform for all and achieving and sustaining this programme.
ed by Ministry of Drinking Jagan Shah, Director, Nation- attendees and decision-mak- open defecation free commu- Smart Water & Waste World
Water and Sanitation, Govt. al Institute of Urban Affairs; ers with strategic knowledge, nities. (SWWW) magazine was an
of India, Swachh Bharat Mis- Dr. Dayanand Panse, Director, directions, and plans. The event was supported by official “Media Partner” of this
Concurrent to the sessions, leading NGOs such as Ecosan two-day summit.
the NSWSS-2019 featured an
exhibition and marketplace of
water and sanitation related
organizations, private compa-
nies, and other stakeholders
which demonstrated and
provided information, inno-
vation, and technology for the
water and sanitation sector.
The event featured key-
notes, case studies, panel

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February 2019 51

Global Summit
on Waste
28 Feb - 1 Mar 2019,
th st

Hotel Le Meridien, New Delhi, India

Waste to Wealth - creating a circular economy

Global Summit on Waste Management - GSWM - 2019 is envisaged as a 2 day exhibition cum conference focusing on all
aspects of waste management in India. The exhibition will showcase the latest technology & solutions from across the world ,
while the conference will deliberate on the issues & solutions and chart a way forward in the presence of invited international
and Indian policy-makers, domain experts & government officials,. Delegates will comprise of decision makers , scientists,
researchers, entrepreneurs, suppliers, innovators, students and many more.

Key Topics and areas:

• Best & Next Practices in Sustainable Waste Management • Circular Economy • Zero waste system • E-Waste • Waste to Energy
• Upcycling • Bio Waste • Waste water • Plastic Waste • Agriculture waste • Food Waste • Menstrual Waste
• Construction and demolition • Industrial waste • Waste management for oil, gas and petrochemical industries • Hazardous waste
• Medical waste • Recycling technologies • Composting • Policy, financing, planning and regulation • Smart waste • Waste Logistics

Shailendra Kumar I +919868332325 I |

Concurrent Event
Global Summit on
Waste to Energy
28thFeb -1st Mar, 2019, Hotel Le Meridien, New Delhi
Towards a future where there will be no difference between waste & energy
ISUW 2019 Utility Partners
Hosts Utility Co-Host Utility Partners Utility

Register before 15 Feb 2019 and avail 15% Discount on ISUW 2019 Delegate Registration using code ISUW2019-15
4th Edition
21, 22 & 23
Mar - 2019

India’s Largest Trade Show for

Water Treatment,ETP & STP Applications

· 150 stalls · 6000 + Trade Visitors · New Technologies

· Support from Distilleries, Dyeing &Tannery Units and
Associations representing water and waste water

Organised by Stall Bookings

Call or whatsapp
98408 48685


Making Every Drop Count

Water is the Elixir of Life. We at L&T Construction value the Over 20 million people in India have benefited from our water
importance of water and are creating world class infrastructure in infrastructure projects. With an experience of over 57,000 KM of
India and abroad. water and waste water pipeline networks and more than 4000 MLD
of water, waste water and effluent treatment plants, we are India’s
We provide turnkey EPC services for Municipal, Industrial and
largest water infrastructure company.
Agriculture sectors with focus on:-
• Urban and rural water supply and treatment From the high caliber engineers at our Engineering Design &
• Municipal waste water network and treatment Research Centre to experienced project managers on the field, we
have a team with full complement of skills to provide complete
• Industrial water systems and effluent treatment plants
solutions for building defining water infrastructure.
• Irrigation networks and canal lining / rehabilitation
• Desalination plants
• Water management

L&T Construction-Water & Effluent Treatment

5th Floor, D-Wing, TC-3, Tower-B, Mount Poonamallee Road,
Manapakkam P.B.No.979, Chennai - 600 089, INDIA
Tel: 044-2252 6000, 3319 4040 Fax: 044 3319 4949 E-mail: A brand of Larsen & Toubro Limited

Regd. Office: Larsen & Toubro Limited, L&T House, N. M. Marg, Ballard Estate, Mumbai - 400 001, INDIA CIN: L99999MH1946PLC004768