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16 Á‹tyÓ˛ ÚflO˝ßÊ˛-Δ>-ªÍßä˛ ∑ ‘Ë˝ì{Mʸ–ÈΔÊˇÖ 1 Ìú{∫-–ö˛-« 2019 www.andhrajyothy com .

When J&K Bank was established? c) CII: Confederation of Indian Industry c) Lombard d) Allianz
Banking Knowledge/ Financial Awareness d) REC: Rural Electrification Corporation e) None of these
Limited e) All the above 30. IDFC Bank and Capital First will
1. J&K Bank Limited is the only state- 11. To fund food processing industries, gov- 21. 'Bhuseva' and 'Bhudaar' portal is merge together. What is the proposed
government promoted bank in the ernment is planning to start NBFC with launched by which state? new name of the bank, after merger?
country. J&K government is currently an initial corpus of how much? a) Amaravathi, Andhra Pradesh b) UP a) IndusInd Bank b) IDFC First Bank
holding _______ shares in this bank. a) Rs.2000 Crores b) Rs.100 crores c) Uttarakhand d) Bihar e) West Bengal c) Bandhan Bank d) UTI Bank
a) 59.3 % b) 26% c) 75% d) 50% e) 49% c) Rs.500 crores d) Rs.200 crores 22. World Bank assisted project 'SMART' e) None of these
2. Banking Codes and Standards Board of e) None of these is launched by which state to revamp 31. World Bank has unveiled USD_______
India(BCSBI) was set up on 18th 12. Which country is the 4th highest carbon agricultural value chains, with special billion in climate action investment for
February 2006 as a collaborative effort dioxide emitter? focus on marginal farmers across 1,000 2021 to 2025.
of RBI and Banks, on the lines of a sim- a) China b) US c) European Union villages? a) 100 b) 200 c) 50 d) 25
ilar set up in ______. d) India e) None of these a) Maharastra(State of Maharastra's e) None of these
a) USA b) UK c) Italy d) France 13. New Zealand will phase-out single-use Agribusiness and Rural Transformation) 32. Sandip Somany is the new President of
e) Switzerland plastic shopping bags from which date? b) Gujarat c) Chattisgarh which of the following for the year
3. How the PCR will work and help a) July 1, 2019 b) 24.10.2018 d) MP e) Jarkhand 2018-19?
strengthen the credit culture? c) 1.1.2019 d) 1.5.2019 23. Who is the Vice Chancellor of National a) CII b) FICCI c) PHD Chambers
a) PCR will make borrower information e) None of these Rail and Transportation Institution d) Assocham e) Nasscom
more complete with increasing coverage 33. Which state announced Rs.10,000
of lending entities. In particular, it will
eventually reach out even to the smallest BANK PO/ CLERKS EXAM SPECIAL Crores KALIA scheme for farmers?
a) West Bengal
primary agricultural credit societies. It will b) Odisha(Krushak Assistance for Livelihood
also cover entities which may not be regu- and Income Augmentation Scheme)
lated by the RBI. This will have to be done c) Kerala d) Karnataka e) Maharastra
in phases and it may take up to three to five 34. Who has become the vice chair of the
years to accomplish, possibly sooner UN Panel of Auditors?
b) PCR will vastly simplify and reduce a) Piyush Pandey
the reporting burdens on the lenders b) Rajiv Mehrishi, CAG of India
c) PCR will have credit data available dig- c) Preeti Saran
itally at a higher frequency than at present d) Krishnamurthy Subramanian
d) with linkages to other information sys- e) Brijendra Pal Singh
tems like corporate data from the Ministry 35. Who is selected as Skoch Chief Minister
of Corporate Affairs (MCA21) and tax fil- of the year 2018?
ing or invoicing data (GSTN), it will help a) Mamata Banerjee
the users to access other data on borrow- b) Suresh Prabhu
ers' assets and evolving cash flows, which c) N Chandrababu Naidu
are essential for taking efficient credit d) Devendra Phadnavis
decisions. e) All the above e) None of these
4. RBI has said banks SLR will be
reduced by 25 basis points every quar-
ter, beginning Jan 2019, until it reaches Praturi Potayya Sarma
_____ % of deposits from 19.5 %.
a) 10% b) 18 % c) 4% d) 3% e) 2 % 14. 'Measuring the Global Gender Gap' Answers
(NRTI), Vadodara, Gujarath?
5. By launching online portal report is prepred by whom? a) Piyush Goel b) Ashok Lohani 1) a 8) a 15) a 22) a 29) b
psbloansin59minutes.com TAT has a) World Economic Forum c) Mallikarjun Kharge d) JN Dikshit 2) b 9) d 16) d 23) b 30) b
come down. What is TAT? b) WIPO c) FAO d) UNICEF e) UNESCO e) None of these 3) e 10) a 17) a 24) a 31) b
a) Turnaround Time (TAT is the number of 15. Indian refiners will make rupee payments 24. Under the Merchandise exports from 4) b 11) a 18) a 25) a 32) b
days between the date of enquiry and the through which bank account of the India Scheme(MEIS), non-basmati rice 5) a 12) d 19) a 26) b 33) b
date of loan sanctioned or renewal date) National Iranian Oil Company(NIOC)? exports will get how much subsidy 6) a 13) a 20) e 27) a 34) b
b) Travel c) Tourism d) Transport a) UCO Bank b) Allahabad Bank (from November 26, 2018 to March 25, 7) e 14) a 21) a 28) a 35) a
e) None of these c) Dena Bank d) Bank of Baroda 2019)?
6. Using the 'polluter pays' principle, the e) Vijaya Bank a) 5 % b) 2 % c) 4% d) 10%
government has drafted a plan to 16. Under US sanctions, India can export e) None of these
impose a fee of Rs.12,000/- on purchase
of ______ to raise money for incentiviz-
which items to Iran?
a) Foodgrains b) Medicines
25. Which contributes 40% to the Index of
Industrial Production (IIP)?
AyÏ˛√ÁŸ-Øå˛fi
ing electric vehicles ( EVs) and battery c) Medical devices a) 8 core sectors (like Cement, electricity,
manufacturing under the new policy.
a) New petrol and diesel cars
d) All the above e) None of these
17. UN Global Counter - Terrorism
coal, crude oil, natural gas, fertilizers, –ö˛${ßëã‹ Á‹*PÃå˝ Bãú GMʸØÈ-—$-Mä¸fi
petroleum refinery production) b) Cotton
b) Rikshaws c) Tricycles Coordination Compact Task Force will c) Textiles d) Aluminium e) Manganese ^˛Ø˛O≤-ÃZ∞ –ö˛${ßëã‹ Á‹*PÃå˝ Bãú GMʸØÈ-—$Mä¸fi Ô≥i
d) Bicycles e) None of these replace which of the following? 26. India's economic growth slowed to ____ yÏ˛¥˜œ–ö˛* {¥˘{V>-–ö˛$$ÃZ {Á≥–Û˛-‘È-∞Mϸ ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ-RÍ-Á‹$¢À$
7. REER index is a basket of 6 currencies a) Counter-Terrorism Implementation % in the second quarter of 2018-19 . M¯ΔÊˇ$ô¯Ö-®.
and 36 countries.(Basket has been taken Task Force (2005) b) ILO a) 2 b) 7.1 c) 6.9 d) 7.4 e) None of these
with a base year of 2004-2005). In this, c) UNIDO d)UNDP e) None of these 27. Recently OPEC and its allies agreed to
¥˘ã‹t {V>yÊ˛$≈-ƒÙ˝$så˝ yÏ˛¥˜œ–ö˛* CØå˛ –Û˛$ØÛ˛-gå˝-–˛$Ö-så˝
which currencies have trade weight? 18. As per International Telecommunication cut oil output by 12 lakh barrels a day ,
(-Ô≥-i-yÓ˛GÖ)
a) Euro b) DAE Dirham c) Chinese Yuan Union(ITU) by the end of 2018 how for which purpose? M¯ΔÊˇ$fi M>À-–ö˛≈-–ö˛´®: ΔˇÖyÛ˛-‚Ê˝ìœ
d) US Dollar e) All the above many people around the world are using a) To boost global oil markets b) Inflation —øÍ-V>À$: ÚúOØÈ-Øå˛fi, »Ú‹-Δäˇa AÖyä˛ ºh-Ø˛ã‹ AØ˲Õ-sÏ˝-Mä¸fi
8. When J&K Bank was established? the Internet? c) Depression d) Economic slow down AΔÊˇ·ô˲: Hß˛OØÈ —øÍ-VʸÖÃZ AÖyÊ˛Δäˇ {V>yÊ˛$≈-ƒÙ˝$så˝ yÏ˛{X
a) 1938 b) 1919 c) 1905 d) 1911 e) 1935 a) 3.9 billion (51.2%) b) One billion e) None of these E°¢ΔÊˇ~ô˲. _–ö˛« Á‹Ö–ö˛-ô˲fiΔÊˇÖ ^˲ßÊ˛$-–ö˛#-ô˲$Ø˲≤ —ßë≈-ΔÊˇ$¶À*
9. Which of the following is correct? c) 2 billions d) 0.5 billion 28. To redraft the 50 year old Income Tax ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ-RÍÁ‹$¢ ^Û˛Á‹$-M¯-–ö˛^˲$a. 10+2 ›Î¶Δˇ$$ÃZ –Û˛$£ä˛fi ^˲®—
a) MHP : Minimum Holding Period e) None of these Act, a committee/panel is set up. Who is
b) MRR: Minimum Retention Requirement 19. UN Food and Agriculture Organisation
EÖ-yë-Õ.
the head of the panel? GÖÌ≥Mʸ: M>≈så˝/-V>j-så˝/-i-–ö˛*≈så˝ –ö˛ÖsÏ˝ gÍ°ƒÊ˝$ ›Î¶Δˇ$$
c) CCB : Capital Conservation Buffer (FAO) decided to observe which year as a) Akhilesh Ranjan b) Rajiv Kumar
d) All the above e) None of these the International Year of Millets? c) Riva Ganguly Das d) Arvind Saxena
Á≥»-Ñʸ ›˘PΔÊˇ$, Á≥ΔÊˇfi-Ø˲Ãå˝ CÖrΔÊˇ*”≈ B´ßëΔÊˇÖ-V>
10. To acquire 51% stake in IDBI, who a) 2023 b) 2021 c) 2020 d) 2025 e) None of these
ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ-RÍÁ‹$¢ —´ßë-Ø˲Ö: D–˛$Δˇ$$Ãå˝ ßë”Δ>
have given nod to LIC recently? e) None of these 29. IAG International Pty Ltd is the 26%
_–ö˛« ôÛ˛©: Ìú{∫-–ö˛« 15
a) Competition Commission of India 20. Which of the following is correct? share partner in which insurance com- D–˛$Δˇ$$Ãå˝: pgdmba@mse.ac.in
b) Supreme Court of India a) PFIs: Public Financial Institutions pany? –˛ªå˝-Ú‹Oså˝: http://www.mse.ac.in/
c) PFRDA d) EPFO e) None of these b) LPS: Late Payment Surcharge a) Aviva b) SBI General Insurance(GI)
www.andhrajyothy com . ÚflO˝ßÊ˛-Δ>-ªÍßä˛ ∑ ‘Ë˝ì{Mʸ–ÈΔÊˇÖ 1 Ìú{∫-–ö˛-« 2019 Á‹tyÓ˛ 17

–ö˛*«aÃZ ¥˜Ö® B B«¶Mʸ

øÍΔÊˇô˲ ∫y˛jså °ΔÊˇ$ ô˛Ø˲$≤ Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔÊˇÖ –˛$$ßÊ˛sÏ˝ Δ¯k


AÖsÙ˝ 2017 H{Ì≥Ãå˝ 1 Ø˲$Ö_
A–ö˛$À$ÃZMϸ –ö˛_aØ˲®
Á≥N«¢ ∫y˛jså˝
{Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲” –È«¤Mʸ B«¶Mʸ ∞–Û˛®MʸÃZ
ßÛ˛‘Ë˝ —øÊ˝fØ˲ ÁúÕô˲ÖV> ^¯r$^Û˛Á‹$Mʸ$Ø˲≤ AÀœΔÊˇœ Ø˲yÊ˛$–ö˛$ BßëƒÊ˝$ –ö˛≈ƒÊ˝$ AÖ^˲ØÈÀ$,
–˛$$ßÊ˛sÏ˝ –È«¤Mʸ ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$ Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ^ÈΔÊˇ$. AÁ≥µsZœ Ø˲–ö˛Ö∫Δäˇ {V>Ör$œ, MÛ¸sÍΔˇ$$ÖÁ≥#Àô¯ ¥Îr$ Á‹$±Ãå˝ ´ßÊ˛–ö˛‚Ê˝

¥˘sÓ˝ Á≥»ÑʸÀ {Á≥ôÛ˛≈MʸÖ


–ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ ∫y˛jså˝ Á‹–ö˛$ΔÊˇµ◊˝ ›Î´ßÊ˛≈Ö M>ÃÙ˝ßÊ˛$. –˛$$ßÊ˛sÏ˝ ∫y˛jså˝∞ Mˆô˲¢ Á≥£Ê˛M>À$ {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥yÊ˛ôÈΔÊˇ$. Ì‹CJ, ßÊ˛ £Ê˛Δäˇz
MÛ¸–ö˛ÀÖ HyÊ˛$Ø˲≤ΔÊˇ Ø˛ÀÀ$ AÖsÙ˝ 1947 BVʸÁ‹$t 15 Ø˲$Ö_ Á≥Δ¯Ñʸ Á≥Ø˲$≤ Á‹$ÖM>ÀÃZ AÖÚ≥OΔäˇ “$yÏ˛ƒÊ˝*,
1948 –ö˛*«a 31 –ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ EßÛ˛™’Ö^ÈΔÊˇ$. –ö˛*ΔÊˇ$µÀ$, {Á≥ô˲≈Ñʸ Á≥Ø˲$≤ ›Îœªå˝, ∏ÎΔÊˇ√Δäˇ –˛Oã‹
● 1948&49 B«¶Mʸ Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔÊˇÖ ∫y˛jsZœ 1948 Ú‹Ú≥tÖ∫ΔÊˇ$ ΔÛˇrœÃZ –ö˛*ΔÊˇ$µÀ$, B«¶Mʸ –ö˛≈–ö˛Á‹¶ {Ú≥Ì‹y˛Öså˝ ØÛ˛ÁŸØ˲Ãå˝
–ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ øÍΔÊˇô˲ßÛ˛‘Ë˝Ö, ¥ÎMϸ›Î¶Øå˛&CΔÊˇ$ ßÛ˛‘ÈÀ* JMÛ¸ MʸΔˇ±fi∞ ÃZ∞ ——´ßÊ˛ ΔÊˇÖV>ÀMʸ$ Δ>Δˇ$$°À$ hƒÒ˝*{V>ÌúMä¸ bÈØ˲Ãå˝
EÁ≥ƒÒ˝*WÖ^ÈÀ∞ ∞ΔÊˇ~Δˇ$$Ö^ÈΔÊˇ$. {Á≥MʸsÏ˝Ö^˲yÊ˛Ö Mʸ*yë
● 1949&50 –È«¤Mʸ ∫y˛jså˝ÃZ ßÛ˛‘Ë˝ÖÃZ∞ A∞≤ Δ>^˲«Mʸ fΔÊˇ$Vʸ$ô˲$Ö®. Á≥N«¢ ∫y˛jså˝ÃZ –ö˛^Û˛a B«¶Mʸ Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔ>∞Mϸ
Δ>{⁄ÎtÀØ˲$ MʸÀÌ≥ Á≥«Vʸ◊˝Ø˲ÃZMϸ °Á‹$Mʸ$ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$. B V>Ø˲$ 12 Ø˛ÀÀØ˲$ Á≥«Vʸ◊Ï˝›Î¢ΔÊˇ$. Á≥N«¢ ∫y˛jså˝ÃZ
M>ΔÊˇ◊˝ÖV>ØÛ˛ C® –˛$$ßÊ˛sÏ˝ ∫y˛jså˝V> Vʸ$«¢ÖÁ≥# ¥˜Ö®Ö®. ^¯r$^Û˛Á‹$Mʸ$Ø˲≤ –ö˛*ΔÊˇ$µÀ$ ^Û˛ΔÊˇ$µÀ$ ÚúOØÈØå˛fi ºÃå˝V>
● øÍΔÊˇô˲ Δ>gÍ≈ÖVʸÖÃZ∞ B«tMʸÃå˝ 112 {Á≥M>ΔÊˇÖ, {Á≥Ü B«¶Mʸ HΔÊˇµyÊ˛yësÍ∞Mϸ ¥ÎΔÊˇœ–˛$Öså˝ B–˛*ßÊ˛Ö ¥˜ÖßëÕ.
Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔ>∞Mϸ {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”Ö AÖ^˲ØÈ –Û˛Ì‹Ø˲ BßëƒÊ˝$, ›Î´ßëΔÊˇ◊˝ÖV> ∫y˛jså˝O ¥ÎΔÊˇœ–˛$Öså˝ B–˛*ßÊ˛Ö ¥˜ÖßÊ˛yë∞Mϸ
–ö˛≈ƒÊ˝*À B«¶Mʸ ∞–Û˛®MʸØ˲$ MÛ¸Ö{ßÊ˛ {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”Ö ^ÈÀ Á‹–ö˛$ƒÊ˝$Ö Á≥yÊ˛$ô˲$Ö®. CΔÊˇ$ Á‹øÊ˝ÃZœ Á‹øÊ˝$≈À$ ^˲ΔÊˇaÀ$
¥ÎΔÊˇœ–˛$ÖsZœ Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔÊˇÖ {¥ÎΔÊˇÖøÍ∞Mϸ –ö˛$$ÖßÊ˛$ fΔÊˇ$Á≥#ôÈΔÊˇ$. Á‹$©ΔÊˇÉ ^˲ΔÊˇaÀ$ f«WØ˲ ô˲ΔÊˇ–Èô˲ Á‹$–ö˛*ΔÊˇ$
{Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥sÍtÕ. HsÍ H{Ì≥Ãå˝ 1 Ø˲$Ö_ –ö˛*«a 31 –ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ ΔˇÖyÊ˛$ Ø˛ÀÃZœÁ≥# ∫y˛jså˝ ¥ÎΔÊˇœ–˛$Öså˝ B–˛*ßÊ˛Ö ¥˜ÖßÊ˛$ô˲$Ö®.
EØ˲≤ M>ÃÍ∞≤ B«¶Mʸ Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔÊˇÖV> Á≥«Vʸ◊Ï˝›Î¢ΔÊˇ$.
● " ∫y˛jså˝' AØÛ˛ Á≥ßÊ˛Ö {ÚúÖ^å˛ Ø˲$Ö_ –ö˛_aÖ®, {ÚúÖ^å˛ ● 2000&01ÃZ ƒÊ˝$‘Ë˝”Öôå˛ Ì‹ØÈ· Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ_Ø˲ ∫y˛jså˝∞ Á≥{ôÈÀ$ ŒMä¸ M>–ö˛yÊ˛Öô¯ Ø˲*≈…Ï˛ŒœÃZ∞ —$Öså˝ Δ¯yä˛ÃZ JMÛ¸ Mʸ$r$Ö∫Ö Ø˲$Ö_ –ö˛$$Vʸ$YΔÊˇ$
øÍÁŸÃZ ∫$gÒ˝så˝ AÖsÙ˝ _Ø˲≤ ô¯À$ Á‹Ö_. {ºsÏ˝ãŸ –ÈΔÊˇ$ —$Œ∞ƒÊ˝$Ö ∫y˛jså˝V> –ö˛≈–ö˛Áfl˝«Ö^ÈΔÊˇ$. D ∫y˛jsZœ —ô˲¢ EØ˲≤ {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲” {Ú≥ã‹ ÃZ 1980 –ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ –ö˛$${®Ö^ÈΔÊˇ$,
{Ωãú MÛ¸Á‹$ÃZ ∫y˛jså˝Mϸ Á‹Ö∫Ö´®Ö_Ø˲ Á≥{ôÈÀ$ EÖ_ –ö˛$Ö{Ü ›Îãút–Û˛Δäˇ GVʸ$–ö˛$ô˲$À M¯Á‹Ö {¥˜ôÈfi‡M>À$ AMʸPyÊ˛ Mʸ*yë ŒMä¸ A–ö˛#ô˲$Ø˲≤r$œ ô˛ÕƒÊ˝$yÊ˛Öô¯ ● Ø˛{Áfl˝î Mʸ$r$ÖªÍ∞Mϸ ^˛Ö®Ø˲ –ö˛$*yÊ˛$ ô˲Δ>À$
°Á‹$Mʸ$–ö˛^Û˛a–ÈΔÊˇ$. {Á≥MʸsÏ˝Ö^ÈΔÊˇ$. –˛$$ªÒ˝OÃå˝ ∏˘Øå˛, ‡Δäˇz–Û˛Δäˇ, BÌ≥tMʸÃå˝ ÚúO∫Δäˇ ¥ÎΔÊˇœ–˛$Öså˝ {¥ÎÖVʸ◊˝ÖÃZ∞ ªÙ˝ã‹–˛$ÖsZœ Mʸr$t®rt–˛$OØ˲ f–ö˛Áfl˝ΔäˇÃÍÃå˝ ÃÍÃå˝ Ø˛{Áfl˝î, CÖ®Δ>V>Ö´©,
● øÍΔÊˇ°ƒÊ˝$ ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$ Δ>{ÁŸtÁ≥Ü ∞ΔÊˇ~Δˇ$$Ö_Ø˲ ôÛ˛©Ø˲ –ö˛ÖsÏ˝ –ÈsÏ˝Ú≥O MʸÁ‹t–í˛$fi Á‹$ÖM>À$ ô˲WYÖ^ÈΔÊˇ$. øÊ˝{ßÊ˛ôÈ –ö˛ÀƒÊ˝$ÖÃZ ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$ –ö˛$${®Á‹$¢ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$. ∫y˛jså˝ Δ>i–í˛V>Ö´© {Á≥´ßë∞ Á≥ßÊ˛—ÃZ EÖr* AßÊ˛Ø˲ÖV>
¥ÎΔÊˇœ–˛$Ör$ÃZ {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥yÊ˛ôÈΔÊˇ$. –ö˛$${ßÊ˛◊˝ÃZ ¥ÎÃüYØÛ˛ E߯≈Vʸ$À$ Δ¯kÀ$ ô˲ΔÊˇ∫yÏ˛ B«¶Mʸ–ö˛$Ö{Ü ÁflZßëÃZ ¥ÎΔÊˇœ–˛$ÖsZœ MÛ¸Ö{ßÊ˛ ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$
Á‹–ö˛$-ƒÊ˝$ÖÃZ –ö˛*ΔÊˇ$µ ∫ƒÊ˝$sÏ˝ {Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ÖÃZMϸ AyÊ˛$WyÊ˛ÃÙ˝ΔÊˇ$, ÁflZßë, Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ^ÈΔÊˇ$.
● —ô˲¢–ö˛$Ö{Ü ∫y˛jså˝ {Á≥Á‹ÖVÊ¸Ö ΔˇÖyÊ˛$ øÍV>À$V> –˛$$Δ>»j ßÛ˛‘ȃå˝$ Δ>iØÈ–ö˛* ^Û˛Ì‹Ø˲ ô˲ΔÊˇ–Èô˲, AÁ≥µsÏ˝
EÖr$Ö®. B«¶Mʸ Á‹ΔÛˇ” –˛$$ßÊ˛sÏ˝ øÍVʸÖ, Á≥Ø˲$≤À$ ô˲®ô˲ΔÊˇ ● {ºsÏ˝ãŸ ¥ÎÀØ˲M>ÀÖ Ø˲$Ö_ 2001 –ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ øÍΔÊˇ-ô˲-ßÛ˛‘Ë˝ Ô‹∞ƒÊ˝*«sÓ˝ô¯ Á‹Ö∫Ö´ßÊ˛Ö ÃÙ˝Mʸ$Öyë {Á≥Ü E߯≈W± ●

{Á≥Ü¥ÎßÊ˛Ø˲À$ ô¯ ΔˇÖy¯ øÍVʸÖ. ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$ ›ÎƒÊ˝$Ö{ôË˛Ö 5 VʸÖrÀMʸ$ {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥rtyÊ˛Ö Ñʸ$◊˝~ÖV> ô˲∞T ^Û˛›Î¢ΔÊˇ$, Mˆ∞≤ Δ¯kÀ–ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ {Á≥´ßëØ˲–ö˛$Ö{Ü CÖ®Δ> V>Ö´© B«¶Mʸ –ö˛$Ö{Ü Á≥ßÊ˛—∞
● 1869 Ìú{∫–ö˛« 18Ø˲ øÍΔÊˇô˲ßÛ˛‘Ë˝ÖÃZ –˛$$ßÊ˛sÏ˝ ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$ BØ˲–ÈΔˇ$$°. CÖV>œÖyä˛Mʸ$ –ö˛$Ø˲ ßÛ˛‘È∞Mϸ EØ˲≤ Á‹–ö˛$ƒÊ˝$Ö Mʸ$r$Ö∫Öô¯ Mʸ*yë Á‹Ö∫Ö´ßëÀ$, _–ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ ∏˘Øå˛ Mʸ*yë ^Û˛Á≥sÍtΔÊˇ$. AÃÍ 1970&71ÃZ øÍΔÊˇô˲ ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$
gÙ˝–í˛$fi —ÀfiØå˛ Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ^ÈΔÊˇ$. øÍΔÊˇô˲ßÛ˛‘Ë˝Ö B«¶Mʸ –ö˛$ÖyÊ˛Õ ôÛ˛yëô¯ ›ÎƒÊ˝$ÖM>ÀÖ {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥sÙ˝t–ÈΔÊˇ$. –Èfı≥Δˇ$$ Á‹ÖªÍÁŸ◊˝À$ Mʸ*yë EÖyÊ˛–ö˛#. D M>Δ>≈ÀƒÊ˝$ÖÃZ B«¶Mʸ {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥sÏ˝tØ˲ –˛$$rt–˛$$ßÊ˛sÏ˝ –ö˛$Ìfl˝‚Ê˝ AƒÊ˝*≈ΔÊˇ$.
Á‹øÊ˝$≈yÏ˛V>, –˛O{›ÎΔˇ$$Mϸ Á‹À‡ßëΔÊˇ$V> gÙ˝–í˛$fi —ÀfiØå˛ Áfl˝ƒÊ˝*ÖÃZ —ô˲¢–ö˛$Ö{Ü ƒÊ˝$‘Ë˝”Öôå˛Ì‹ØÈ· ∫y˛jså˝ Á‹–ö˛$- –ö˛$Ö{Ü Ø˲$Ö_ ∫Ö{sZô˲$ –ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ G–ö˛«M¸OØÈ –˛$$ªÒ˝OÃå˝ ● —.Ì≥. Ì‹ÖVä¸ M>Ö{V¸ã‹ ¥Î»t {Á≥øÊ˝$ôÈ”∞≤ —yÏ˛_Ú≥sÏ˝tØ˲
EÖyÛ˛–ÈΔÊˇ$. «µÖ^Û˛ Á‹–ö˛$ƒÊ˝*∞≤ EßÊ˛ƒÊ˝$Ö 11 VʸÖrÀMʸ$ –ö˛*ΔÛˇa‘ÈΔÊˇ$. ∏˘Øå˛ ∞ıŸ´ßÊ˛Ö. ô˲ΔÊˇ–Èô˲, AÁ≥µsÏ˝ {Á≥´ßë∞ Δ>i–í˛ V>Ö´© Mʸ*yë B«¶Mʸ
● 1947 Ø˲–ö˛Ö∫ΔÊˇ$ 26Ø˲ BΔäˇ.M¸. ÁŸ◊˝$√QÖ‘˝sÏ˝t Á‹”ô˲Ö{ô˲ ● 2014 lÃÒ˝O 10Ø˲ Ø˲ΔÛˇÖ{ßÊ˛–˛*yÓ˛ ØÛ˛ô˲ñô˲”ÖÃZ∞ G±zƒÙ˝$ ● MÛ¸Ö{ßÊ˛ ∫y˛jså˝ {Á≥{MϸƒÊ˝$ÃZ ØÛ˛ÁŸØ˲Ãå˝ CØ˲πΔ>√sÏ˝Mä¸fi Ú‹ÖrΔäˇ ‘ÈQØ˲$ Mʸ*yë ∞ΔÊˇ”Ìfl˝Á‹*¢ 1987&89ÃZ ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$
øÍΔÊˇßÛ˛‘Ë˝ÖÃZ –˛$$ßÊ˛sÏ˝ ∫y˛jr$Ø˲$ Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ^ÈΔÊˇ$. {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲” ôˆÕ ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$ AΔÊˇ$◊ä˝ gÒ˝OsÓ˝œ Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ^ÈΔÊˇ$. AÖyä˛ ÚúOØÈ∞¤ƒÊ˝$Ãå˝ Á‹»”Ú‹ã‹ yÏ˛¥ÎΔäˇt–˛$Öså˝, Δˇ–˛Ø˲*≈ Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ^ÈΔÊˇ$.
● 1950 Ìú{∫–ö˛« 28Ø˲ øÍΔÊˇô˲ Vʸ◊˝ô˲Ö{ô˲ Δ>f≈ –˛$$ßÊ˛sÏ˝ ● 2017&18 Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔ>∞Mϸ Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ_Ø˲ MÛ¸Ö{ßÊ˛ ∫y˛jså˝ AØÛ˛Mʸ M>ΔÊˇ≈ßÊ˛«ÿ, B«¶Mʸ –ö˛≈–ö˛‡Δ>À ‘ÈQ, ±Ü BƒÒ˝*Vä¸,
∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$ gÍØå˛ –ö˛$£ëƒå˝$ Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ^ÈΔÊˇ$. —´ßëÀ$V> Mˆô˲¢ ΔÊˇ*Á≥# Á‹Öô˲«Ö^˲$MˆÖ®. ßÊ˛‘Ȫ͙À$V> CØ˛”ã‹t–˛$Öså˝ yÏ˛¥ÎΔäˇt–˛$Öså˝ AÖyä˛ Á≥ºœMä¸ AÚ‹så˝ Kså˝ BØå˛ AM˙Öså˝
1964, 1968 Ìú{∫–ö˛« 29Ø˲(ŒÁ≥# Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔÊˇÖ) & –˛$$Δ>»j Ìú{∫–ö˛« Ø˛À _–ö˛« Δ¯k {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝ Ú≥sÙ˝t BØ˲–ÈΔˇ$$°∞ –Û˛$ØÛ˛gå˝–˛$Öså˝ –ö˛$$Q≈ ¥Î{ô˲ ¥˘ÌŸ›Î¢Δˇ$$.

–ö˛ßÊ˛ÕÚ≥sÍtΔÊˇ$. ßë∞≤ Ìú{∫–ö˛« 1–ö˛ ôÛ˛©Mϸ –ö˛*Δ>aΔÊˇ$. {Á≥Ü Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔÊˇÖ ∫y˛jså˝ ΔÊˇÔ‹ßÊ˛$À$, BßëƒÊ˝$Ö, {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲” –ö˛≈–ö˛‡Δ>ÀMʸ$ yÊ˛∫$æ A–ö˛Á‹ΔÊˇÖ. ——´ßÊ˛ Á≥Ø˲$≤À
ßÛ˛‘ÈΔˇ$$ ô˲Ø˲ Á≥#sÏ˝tØË˛Δ¯kØ˲ ∫y˛jså˝ Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ^ÈΔÊˇ$. ●
ßë”Δ> {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲” QgÍØÈÃZMϸ Ø˲VʸßÊ˛$ Á‹–ö˛$Mʸ*ΔÊˇ$ô˲$Ø˲≤Á≥µsÏ˝MÓ¸,
● 1970 Ìú{∫–ö˛« 28Ø˲ ∫y˛jså˝ {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥sÏ˝tØ˲ –˛$$ßÊ˛sÏ˝ ● 1999ÃZ ›Î´ßëΔÊˇ◊˝ G∞≤MʸÀ ô˲ΔÊˇ–Èô˲, ƒÊ˝$‘Ë˝”Öôå˛ Ì‹ØÈ· –ö˛≈ƒÊ˝*ÀØ˲$ AÖ^˲ØÈ –Û˛ƒÊ˝$yë∞Mϸ AÃÍVÛ¸ A∞≤ MʸØÈfiÕyÛ˛sÒ˝yä˛ ÁúÖyä˛ Bãú CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝* Ø˲$Ö_ yÊ˛∫$æ
–ö˛$Ìfl˝‚Í B«¶Mʸ –ö˛$Ö{ÜV> CÖ®Δ> V>Ö´© ∞À$›Î¢ΔÊˇ$. B«¶Mʸ –ö˛$Ö{ÜV> ªÍ´ßÊ˛≈ô˲À$ ^Û˛Á≥sÍtΔÊˇ$. –Èfı≥Δˇ$$ –ö˛$Ö{Üô˲” ‘ÈQÀ$, yÏ˛¥ÎΔäˇt–˛$ÖrœMʸ$ Á‹Ö∫Ö´®Ö_Ø˲ —yÏ˛Ì≥Ö^˲yë∞Mϸ Δ>gÍ≈ÖVʸÖÃZ∞ B«tMʸÃå˝ 266 {Á≥M>ΔÊˇÖ
AÁ≥µsÏ˝ {Á≥´ßë∞V> EØ˲≤ CÖ®Δ>V>Ö´© B«¶Mʸ ‘ÈQØ˲$ {Á≥´ßë∞V> G±zƒÙ˝$ {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”ÖÃZ 1999&2004 –ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ BßëƒÊ˝$ –ö˛≈ƒÊ˝*À ∞–Û˛®Mʸ M¯Á‹Ö {Á≥Ü BVʸÁ‹$t/ ¥ÎΔÊˇœ–˛$Öså˝ B–˛*ßÊ˛Ö EÖyëÕ. Δ>gÍ≈ÖVʸÖÃZ∞ B«tMʸÃå˝
Mʸ*yë ^Û˛Á≥rtyÊ˛Öô¯ ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$ B–˛$ {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥sÍtΔÊˇ$. ƒÊ˝$‘Ë˝”Öôå˛Ì‹ØÈ·, fÁ‹”Öôå˛Ì‹ÖVä¸ ∫y˛jså˝ÀØ˲$ {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥sÍtΔÊˇ$. Ú‹Ú≥tÖ∫ΔäˇÀÃZ B«¶Mʸ –ö˛$Ö{Üô˲”‘ÈQ دsÏ˝ÌúMÛ¸ÁŸØå˛ 114(3) {Á≥M>ΔÊˇÖ, MÛ¸sÍΔˇ$$ÖÁ≥# ºÀ$œ ^˲rtÖ AƒÊ˝*≈MʸØÛ˛
CÁ≥µsÏ˝–ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ –ö˛$Δ¯ –ö˛$Ìfl˝‚Ê˝ B«¶Mʸ–ö˛$Ö{Ü M>ÃÙ˝ßÊ˛$. ● 2004 Ø˲$Ö_ 2014 –ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ –ö˛$د√Áfl˝Øå˛ Ì‹ÖVä¸ {Á≥´ßë∞V> —yÊ˛$ßÊ˛À ^Û˛Á‹$¢Ö®. MʸØÈfiÕyÛ˛sÒ˝yä˛ ÁúÖyä˛ Bãú CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝* Ø˲$Ö_ yÊ˛∫$æ °Á‹$Mʸ$ØÛ˛
● 1973 Ìú{∫–ö˛« 28Ø˲ B«¶Mʸ –ö˛$Ö{ÜV> ƒÊ˝$‘Ë˝”Öô˲Δ>–ö˛# ƒÊ˝$*Ì≥H {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”ÖÃZ {Á≥◊˝ªå˝ –ö˛$$Q»j, Ì≥ _ßÊ˛Ö∫ΔÊˇÖ ● MÛ¸Ö{ßÊ˛ ∫y˛jså˝ Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ_Ø˲ ô˲ΔÊˇ–Èô˲ ÚúOØÈØå˛fi ºÀ$œ, A´®M>ΔÊˇÖ EÖr$Ö®. ∫y˛jså˝ {Á≥Ü¥ÎßÊ˛Ø˲À$ ¥ÎΔÊˇœ–˛$ÖsZœ
^˲–ÈØå˛ {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥sÏ˝tØ˲ 1973&74 ∫y˛jså˝∞ "ªÍœMä¸ ∫y˛jså˝'V> ∫y˛jså˝ÀØ˲$ Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ^ÈΔÊˇ$. MÛ¸sÍΔˇ$$ÖÁ≥# ºÀ$œÀØ˲$ ¥ÎΔÊˇœ–˛$Ör$ EøÊ˝ƒÊ˝$Á‹øÊ˝À$ ô˲ßÊ˛$Á≥« Δ>{ÁŸtÁ≥Ü B–˛*ßÊ˛Ö ¥˜ÖßÛ˛–ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”Ö
ı≥ΔˆPÖsÍΔÊˇ$ ΔÊˇ*.550 M¯rœ ÃZr$ô¯ D ∫y˛jså˝ ● 2014 Ø˲$Ö_ 2018 –ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ Ø˲ΔÛˇÖ{ßÊ˛–˛*yÓ˛ {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”ÖÃZ B–˛*®Ö^ÈÕfiØ˲ A–ö˛Á‹ΔÊˇÖ EÖ®. Δ¯k–È» QΔÊˇ$a M¯Á‹Ö ΔˇÖyÊ˛$ Ø˛ÀÀ Á‹«Á≥yë –˛$$ô˲¢Ö M¯Á‹Ö
EØ˲≤ÖßÊ˛$Ø˲ ªÍœMä¸ ∫y˛jså˝V> ı≥ΔˆÖ®Ö®. B«¶Mʸ –ö˛$Ö{Ü AΔÊˇ$◊ä˝ gÒ˝OsÓ˝œ Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ^ÈΔÊˇ$. 2019 ∫y˛jså˝∞ ● B«¶Mʸ ‘ÈQØ˲$ ∞ΔÊˇ”Ìfl˝Ö_Ø˲ –˛$$rt–˛$$ßÊ˛sÏ˝ Δ>f≈Á‹øÊ˝ {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”Ö Ù‹Mʸ«Ö^Û˛ ∫y˛jså˝ {Á≥{MϸƒÊ˝$∞ Kså˝ BØå˛ AM˙Öså˝
● 1986 Ìú{∫–ö˛« 28Ø˲ “Ô≥ Ì‹ÖVä¸ {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥sÏ˝tØ˲ ∫y˛jsZœ Ô≥ƒÊ˝$*㟠V¯ƒÊ˝$Ãå˝ Á‹–ö˛$«µ›Î¢ΔÊˇ$. Á‹øÊ˝$≈yÊ˛$ {Á≥◊˝ªå˝ –ö˛$$Q»j 1982&83, 1983&84, 1984&85 AÖsÍΔÊˇ$. Kså˝ BØå˛ AM˙ÖsZœ QΔÊˇ$a ô˲Á≥µ BßëƒÊ˝$Ö
–È≈så˝∞ Á‹–ö˛«Ö_ –˛*y䲖È≈så˝∞ Á≥«^˲ƒÊ˝$Ö ^Û˛‘ÈΔÊˇ$. ΔˇOÃÙ˝” ∫y˛jså˝ B«¶Mʸ Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔ>ÀMʸ$ –È«¤Mʸ ∫y˛jrœØ˲$ Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ^ÈΔÊˇ$. EÖyÊ˛ßÊ˛$. Kså˝ BØå˛ AM˙Öså˝ MÛ¸–ö˛ÀÖ ΔˇÖyÊ˛$ Ø˛ÀÀMʸ$ ô˲Á≥µ∞
● 1987 Ìú{∫–ö˛« 28Ø˲ & Δ>i–í˛V>Ö´© —$∞–ö˛$Ö BÀtΔÛˇ≤så˝ ● øÍΔÊˇô˲ Δ>{ÁŸtÁ≥Ü M>–ö˛yë∞Mϸ –ö˛$$ÖßÊ˛$ øÍΔÊˇô˲ –ö˛*i Á≥«Ì‹¶ô˲$ÃZœ CÖM> GMʸ$P–ö˛ Ø˛ÀÀMʸ$ MÛ¸sÍΔˇ$$›Î¢ΔÊˇ$. MˆÖô˲
sÍMä¸fi(–ö˛*≈så˝)/Mʸ±Á‹ {Á≥ôÈ≈–ö˛*≤ƒÊ˝$ Á≥Ø˲$≤Ø˲$ {Á≥–Û˛ øÍΔÊˇô˲ßÛ˛‘Ë˝ÖÃZ ΔˇOÃÙ˝” —Á‹¢ΔÊˇ◊˝, A¿–ö˛ñ®¶ M¯Á‹Ö {ºsÏ˝ãŸ Δ>{ÁŸtÁ≥ô˲$À$ {Á≥◊˝ªå˝ –ö˛$$Q»j, BΔäˇ.–˛ÖMʸrΔ>–ö˛$Øå˛ M>ÀÖ ÃÙ˝ßë Á≥N«¢ ∫y˛jså˝ B–˛*ßÊ˛Ö ¥˜ÖßÛ˛ –ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ QΔÊˇ$aÀMʸ$
‘Ë˝Ú≥sÍtΔÊˇ$. {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”Ö Ú≥ßÊ˛™Gô˲$¢Ø˲ ∞´ßÊ˛$À$ MÛ¸sÍΔˇ$$Ö^Û˛®. ΔˇOÃÙ˝” M¯Á‹Ö ¥ÎΔÊˇœ–˛$Ör$ÃZ —ô˲¢ –ö˛$Ö{Ü ÁflZßëÃZ ∫y˛jrœØ˲$ ∞´ßÊ˛$À$ Á‹–ö˛$Mʸ*ΔÊˇasÍ∞Mϸ Kså˝ BØå˛AM˙Öså˝ AØ˲$–ö˛$ÜÁ‹$¢Ö®.
● GØå˛yÏ˛Ü–È»(BÖ{´ßÊ˛{Á≥ßÛ˛‘å˝ –ö˛*i Vʸ–ö˛ΔÊˇ≤Δäˇ) 1988&89 {Á≥ôÛ˛≈Mʸ ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$ Á‹Ö∫Ö´®ô˲ –ö˛$Ö{Ü {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥sÙ˝t–ÈΔÊˇ$. 90 {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥sÍtΔÊˇ$. –˛$$ô˲¢Ö B«¶Mʸ Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔÊˇÖ M¯Á‹Ö ^Û˛Ì‹Ø˲ QΔÊˇ$a AÖ^˲ØÈÃZ
Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔ>∞Mϸ ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$ Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ^ÈΔÊˇ$ H‚Ê˝ìœV> –ö˛Á‹$¢Ø˲≤ D BØ˲–ÈΔˇ$$°Mϸ Á‹”Ì‹¢ Á≥ÕMϸ 2017ÃZ ● Aô˲≈´®Mʸ ›ÎΔÊˇ$œ ∫y˛jså˝ {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥sÏ˝tØ˲ Áú$Ø˲ô˲ –˛$$Δ>»j 1/6 ‘ÈôË˛Ö MʸØÈ≤ GMʸ$P–ö˛ ∞´ßÊ˛$À$ Kså˝ BØå˛ AM˙Öså˝ MϸÖßÊ˛
● 1989&90 Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔ>∞Mϸ G㋺ ^˲–ÈØå˛ ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$ ΔˇOÃÙ˝” ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$ MÛ¸Ö{ßÊ˛ ∫y˛jsZœ —ŒØË˛Ö ^Û˛‘ÈΔÊˇ$. D —ŒØÈ∞Mϸ ßÛ˛‘ȃå˝$Mϸ ^˛ÖßÊ˛$ô˲$Ö®. AÃÍVÛ¸ EÁ≥ {Á≥´ßë∞V>, –ö˛$ÖlΔÊˇ$ ^Û˛ƒÊ˝$Mʸ*yÊ˛ßÊ˛$.
Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ^ÈΔÊˇ$. –ö˛$$ÖßÊ˛$ ΔˇOÀ$ {Á≥ƒÊ˝*◊Ï˝Mʸ$À, AÃÍVÛ¸ Á‹ΔÊˇ$Mʸ$À ΔÊˇ–È◊Í {Á≥´ßë∞V> EÖr* B«¶Mʸ –ö˛$Ö{Üô˲” ‘ÈQ ^Û˛Á≥sÏ˝t ∫y˛jså˝
^È»jÀØ˲$ ô˲WYÖ^˲yÊ˛Ö, Úfl˝_aÖ^˲yÊ˛Ö ΔˇOÃÙ˝” –ö˛$Ö{Ü Á≥«´®ÃZ Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ_Ø˲ –ö˛≈Mϸ¢ Mʸ*yë –˛$$Δ>»j ßÛ˛‘ȃå˝$. BƒÊ˝$Ø˲ ôÈôÈPÕMʸ ∫y˛jså˝(CÖsÒ˝«–í˛$ ∫y˛jså˝)
● 1990&91 Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔ>∞Mϸ –ö˛$´ßÊ˛$ ßÊ˛Öyë–ö˛ôÛ˛ ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$ EÖyÛ˛®. —ŒØË˛Ö ô˲ΔÊˇ–Èô˲ D ∞ΔÊˇ~ƒÊ˝$ ªÍ´ßÊ˛≈ô˲ B«¶Mʸ –ö˛$Ö{Ü
Á‹–ö˛$«µÖ^ÈΔÊˇ$. –˛$$ô˲¢Ö Á≥® ∫y˛jrœØ˲$ {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥sÍtΔÊˇ$. ÃZMʸÁ‹øÊ˝ G∞≤MʸÀ$ fΔÊˇVʸªZƒÙ˝$ B«¶Mʸ Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔ>∞Mϸ
^Û˛ô˲$ÃZœMϸ –˛„ÂÖ®. {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”Ö {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥sÙ˝t ∫y˛jså˝∞ ôÈôÈPÕMʸ ∫y˛jså˝ ÃÙ˝ßë
● 1991 lÃÒ˝O 24Ø˲ {Á≥´ßë∞V> Ô≥“ Ø˲ΔÊˇÌ‹Ö‡Δ>–ö˛#, MÛ¸Ö{ßÊ˛ ∫y˛jså˝ÃZ øÍΔÊˇô˲ Δ>{ÁŸtÁ≥Ü ¥Î{ô˲
B«¶Mʸ–ö˛$Ö{ÜV> –ö˛$د√Áfl˝Øå˛Ì‹ÖVä¸ ßÊ˛”ƒÊ˝$Ö —ßÛ˛÷ ∫y˛jså˝ ΔÊˇ*Á≥-Mʸ-Àµ-Ø˲ CÖsÒ˝«–í˛$ ∫y˛jså˝ AÖsÍΔÊˇ$. ôÈôÈPÕMʸ ∫y˛jså˝ Mʸ*yë Kså˝
Ú≥r$t∫yÊ˛$ÀØ˲$ {¥˘ô˲fiÌfl˝Ö^Û˛ÖßÊ˛$Mʸ$ B«¶Mʸ –ö˛≈–ö˛Á‹¶Ø˲$ ● ¥ÎΔÊˇœ–˛$Ör$ÃZ ∫y˛jså˝ Á‹–ö˛$ΔÊˇµ◊˝ ôÛ˛©∞ Δ>{ÁŸtÁ≥Ü BØå˛ AM˙Öså˝ ∫y˛jså˝ –ö˛*®«V> Mˆ∞≤ Ø˛ÀÀMʸ$ ∞´ßÊ˛$À
● MÛ¸Ö{ßÊ˛ ∫y˛jså˝ Á≥{ôÈÀØ˲$ Aô˲≈Öô˲ gÍ{Vʸô˲¢V>, ∞ΔÊˇ~Δˇ$$›Î¢ΔÊˇ$. ¥ÎΔÊˇœ–˛$Ör$ÃZ ∫y˛jså˝ {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥sÙ˝t–ö˛$$ÖßÊ˛$ –ö˛$ÖlΔÊˇ$ M¯Á‹Ö EÖr$Ö®. AΔˇ$$ôÛ˛ ôÈôÈPÕMʸ ∫y˛jså˝
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1997 Ìú{∫–ö˛« 28Ø˲ Ì≥._ßÊ˛Ö∫ΔÊˇÖ {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝Ú≥sÏ˝tØ˲ ● ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$ ¥ÎΔÊˇœ–˛$Öså˝ B–˛*®Ö^ÈM> Δ>{ÁŸtÁ≥Ü B«¶Mʸ

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1997&98 ∫y˛jså˝∞ "{yÓ˛–í˛$ ∫y˛jså˝'V> A¿–ö˛«~Ö^ÈΔÊˇ$. ÔŸså˝fi V> –ö˛≈–ö˛Áfl˝«›Î¢ΔÊˇ$. B«¶Mʸ –ö˛$Ö{Ü Mʸ*yë D MÓ¸ÀMʸ Á≥£Ê˛M>À$ EÖyÊ˛–ö˛#. G∞≤MʸÀ Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fiΔÊˇÖÃZ, ¥ÎÀMʸ
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Á≥{ôÈÀØ˲$ ∫ƒÊ˝$sÏ˝Mϸ Á≥r$tM¸‚Ê˝ÂMʸ*yÊ˛ßÊ˛$, ô˲Ø˲ –ö˛ßÊ˛™ ›Î´ßëΔÊˇ◊˝ÖV> B«¶Mʸ ºÀ$œÚ≥O Δ>{ÁŸtÁ≥Ü B–˛*ßë∞≤ –Û˛$& {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”Ö Á≥N«¢ ∫y˛jså˝ ∫ßÊ˛$À$V> –¯r$&BØå˛&AM˙Öså˝ ÃÙ˝ßë
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Mʸ*yÏ˛Ø˲ –È«¤Mʸ ∫y˛jså˝ Δ>{ÁŸtÁ≥Ü B–˛*ßÊ˛Ö 2017
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14 2
øŒ‰vÚÛî¦ô¢Ù 1 íƇvò÷J 2019 - ÎCî¦ô¢Ù ÎÞœú£ªd 12, 2018 -
„ email: help@eenadupratibha.net
„ email: help@eenadupratibha.net

Oh! What is Your Result? for not marrying another woman after my
wife's death. I am shamed of the behav-
iour of my two daughters. I know I am not
a dear person to them. My daughters are
not interested in my welfare. Only my
1. I will do it his father. But his father said I cannot afford describe how and what qualities made him
properties are dear to them. They interest-
your expenses at IIT. You can stay in to become a pioneer of India's software
Creative Writing ed in my assets. I could not expect and
Mysore and study as much as you can. industry. (10M)
I. You have read the lesson 'I will do it'. When guess their attitude. I could not understand
Imagine that you are Narayana Murthy and
the IIT entrance results came, Narayana 2. The Dear Departed I & II their love for my things. They forgot their
makes an entry in your diary expressing your
Murthy met his father. Write a possible con- Expected Discourses responsibilities in taking care of me.
feelings. (5 M)
versation between Murthy and his father
A: Thursday, Major discourses Minor discourses
depending on the context taking the refer-
ences from your lesson. (10 M) 31.01.2019. 1. You have studied the play 'The Dear 1. In the play 'The Dear Departed' you know
A: Murthy: Dad, My IIT results came. Today I am very happy as I got a high rank in Departed. Imagine yourself as Abel and that Abel worried about the behaviour of his
IIT entrance and I am going to reach my future invite your friend to your marriage. daughters and sons-in-law. Now imagine
Father: Oh! What is your result?
dreams. But I was disappointed when I Now write a conversation between you and that you were Abel Merry weather and
Murthy: I have passed with a high rank.
approached my father with my results. My your friend with the following information. make a diary entry over the behaviour of
father appreciated me but he expressed his daughters and sons-in-law.
Writer Day - date - time - venue - bride – arrange-
helplessness to afford expenses at IIT. He ments - celebrations etc. 2. In the play 'The Dear Departed' you know
V. Satyanarayana asked me to understand the reality and study that Victoria loved her grand father very
as much as I want at Mysore. It seemed my much. She observed everything that hap-
Subject Expert dreams had burnt to ashes. But I have to pened in the house. She understood how
understand the reality and try to prove myself selfish and unconcerned her parents, her
Father: Congratulations my son keep it up.
studying at Mysore. I hope I will have the aunt and her uncle. Now imagine that you
Murthy: Thank you dad. All my friends are blessings of God in fulfiling my dreams. were Victoria and make a diary entry of your
going to join IIT. What about my joining?
Father: Well, I am afraid, I cannot afford the
Narayana Murthy English feelings on the developments in your house.
3. In the play 'The Dear Departed' Mr. Henry
expenses. Expected Discourses sent a message to Jordans revealing old
Murthy: Why cannot you afford the expens- 2. In the play 'The Dear Departed' Mr. Abel
1. In the lesson 'I will do it' you have read about made a shocking announcement at the end man's death. Imagine they were not at
es?
Mr. Narayana Murthy, who is pioneer of announcing his marriage. home. Their son Jimmy received the mes-
Father: I am a salaried person. I have five India's software industry. Now think that you sage. Now imagine you were Jimmy and
daughters to be married off and three sons to Now write a conversation between Amelia
are a news reporter and got an opportunity send the message to Jordans.
educate. and Elizabeth high lighting the events took
to interview him. Now write an imaginary A: 31.01.2019.
Murthy: Then what should I do, dad? place in their family.
interview, which include the personal details Mom and Dad
Fahter: Don't worry, I know you are a bright of Narayana Murthy, his aspirations and 3. In the play 'The Dear Departed' you know
Amelia and Elizabeth did not see Abel prop- I received a message from uncle Henry that
boy. You can stay at Mysore and study as hardships he faced to become successful
erly. He was worried about their un - con- the grandpa was died. He asked us to start
much you want. man in his life. (10 M)
cern. Now describe the feeling's of Abel immediately to pay our tributes to the grandpa.
Murthy: Ok, dad. I will try my level best. 2. In the lesson 'I will do it' you have read
about his daughters attitude. They were waiting for us.
II. Narayana Murthy has passed IIT entrance about Mr. Narayana Murthy, who became a
A: I feel very sorry for the first time in my life Jimmy
with a high rank. He was thrilled and said to pioneer of India's software industry. Now
l 
l 
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Missing Numbers

BV Ramana
Director, AKR Study circle
Tandur, Vikarabad
9441022571

 
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ntnews.com ntyadadri.com  1,  2019-   5

In Nelson's cell method Chlorine is..


17th GROUP ELEMENTS
Continued from Jan 31st

Krupakar Pendli
Centre Head
Urbane junior colleges
7893774888

JEE Main
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SAKSHI EDUCATION
1) CÆ>¯Œæ 2) CÆ>MŠæ 50. "H¯]l$VýS$ VýSyìlz' {糫§é¯]l…V> GMýSPyýl ò³Æý‡$VýS$- & GyéÆý‡$ËÌZ ò³ÇVóS Ððl¬MýSP˯]l$ XjÆøOòœsŒæÞ
Current Affairs- 2018 Grand Test 3) §ýl„ìS×ê{íœM> 4) B{õÜtÍĶæ* ™èl$…¨? A…sêÆý‡$
33. Ððl$MìSÞMø, M>͸ùDzĶæ*, AÇgZ¯é Æ>{ÚëtË- 1) E™èl¢Æý‡ AÐðl$ÇM> 2) B{õÜtÍĶæ* � B{íœM> Q…yýl…ÌZ° OgñæÆó‡ÌZ° "MýSr…V>'
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For registration visit www.sakshieducation.com 3) CÆ>MŠæ&Ķæ¬{ç³sìæ‹Ü 52. MìS…¨ ÐésìæÌZ çÜÇM>°¨ H¨? & Զ斅V>M>Æý‡ AÆý‡×êÅË$
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Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èl¯]l$ {糆„óSç³×æ 糧ýl®† §éÓÆ> Ý뫨…^èl…yìl?


Ķæ*Æý‡ÏVýSyýlz Ð]l¯]l…Æ>k
çÜ*PÌŒæ AíÜòÜt…sŒæ,
{糿¶æ$™èlÓ E¯]l²™èl ´ëuý‡Ô>Ë,
¼.M>Å…‹³, MýSÆý‡*²Ë$.
Æð‡…yýl$^èlÆý‡Æ>Ô¶æ$ËÌZ Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èl
Ð]l¬RêÅ…Ô>Ë$
» ax + by + c= 0 Æý‡*ç³…ÌZ E…yìl a, b, cË$ ÐéçÜ¢Ð]l
çÜ…QÅËÐ]l#™èl* MýS±çÜ… a Ìôæ§é b çÜ$¯é² M>°
çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×ê°² Æð‡…yýl$ ^èlÆý‡Æ>Ô¶æ$Ë$ x, yÌZÏ "Æó‡TĶæ$
çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×æ…' A…sêÆý‡$. Ð]l*Å£ýlÐðl$sìæMŠæÞ 5. C_a¯]l {V>‹œ B«§éÆý‡…V> k ÑË$Ð]l MýS¯]l$Vö¯]l…yìl. Æð‡r$Ï.
» Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×æ…ÌZ Æð‡…yýl$ ^èlÆý‡ Æ>Ô¶æ$Ë$ E¯]l²ç³#µyýl$ x − 5 = 7(y −5) ⇒ x − 7y + 30 = 0 ....... (1)
JMóS JMýS Ý뫧ýl¯]l M>ÐéË…sôæ MýS±çÜ… Æð‡…yýl$ çÜÓ™èl…{™èl 5x + 7y = 1100 3x
+k 5 çÜ…Ð]l™èlÞÆ>Ë ™èlÆ>Ó™èl Ü
ç $Ð]l$† Ð]lĶæ$çÜ$, BÐðl$ MýS*™èl$Ç
çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$ M>ÐéÍ. 7 »êÅsŒæË$, 5 º…™èl$Ë Ððl¬™èl…
¢ ÐðlË Æý‡*. 1300 x+
y=
y=
7 Ð]lĶæ$çÜ$MýS$ 3 Æð‡r$Ï
» JMóS Æý‡MýSOÐðl$¯]l Æð‡…yýl$ ^èlÆý‡Æ>Ô¶æ$Ë$ E¯]l² Æð‡…yýl$ Æó‡TĶæ$ 7x + 5y = 1300 2 x + 5 = 3(y + 5) ⇒ x−3y−10 = 0 ...... (2)
çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×ê˯]l$ "Æð‡…yýl$ ^èlÆý‡Æ>Ô¶æ$ÌZÏ Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýS- a1 b1 c1 (1), (2)˯]l$ Ý뫨õÜ¢ x = 40, y = 10
, ,
Æý‡×êË f™èl' A…sêÆý‡$. 2 2 2. a 2 b 2 c 2 °çÙµ™èl$¢Ë¯]l$ ´ùÍa, 2x + y − 6 = 0, ∴ çÜ$Ð]l$†, BÐðl$ MýS*™èl$Ç {ç³çÜ$¢™èl Ð]lĶæ$çÜ$Ë$ 40, 10
a1x + b1y + c1 = 0, (a1 + b1 ≠ 0) 4x − 2y = 0 Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èl Q…yýl¯]l Æó‡QÌZ, çÜ…Ð]l™èlÞÆ>Ë$
çÜÐ]l*…™èlÆý‡ Æó‡QÌZ Ìôæ§é HMîS¿¶æÑ…^ól Æó‡QÌZ çÜÇ- f. C_a¯]l {V>‹œÌZ Æð‡…yýl$ Üç Æý‡â¶æ Æó‡QË$ 3x + ky = 7, 10. Æð‡…yýl$ çÜ…ç³NÆý‡MýS Mø×êÌZÏ ò³§ýlª Mø×æ…, _¯]l² Mø×æ… MýS…sôæ
a2x + b2y + c2 = 0, (a 2 + b2 ≠ 0)
2 2

^èl*yýl…yìl. x + y = 2 çÜÐ]l*…™èlÆý‡ Æó‡Q˯]l$ çÜ*_çÜ$¢¯é²Æ‡¬. 20° GMýS$PÐ]l. AƇ¬™ól B Mø×ê˯]l$ MýS¯]l$Vö¯]l…yìl.


» Æð‡…yýl$ ^èlÆý‡Æ>Ô¶æ$ÌZÏ Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË Æó‡Rê_{™é°² f. C_a¯]l Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èl 2x + y − 6 = 0, 4x a1 b1 c1 f. Æð‡…yýl$ Mø×êË$ x, y A¯]l$Mø…yìl.
M>ºsìæt a 2 = b 2 ≠ c2 °Ä¶æ$Ð]l*°² ´ësìæ…^éÍ.
({V>‹œ) Æð‡…yýl$ çÜÆý‡â¶æ Æó‡QË™ø çÜ*_Ýë¢Æý‡$. − 2y−4 =0˯]l$ a1x + b1y + c1 = 0, Æð‡…yýl$ Mø×êË$ çÜ…ç³NÆý‡MýS Mø×êË$ M>ºsìæt
» Æð‡…yýl$ çÜÆý‡â¶æ Æó‡QË$ JMýS ¼…§ýl$Ð]l# Ð]l§ýlª Q…yìl…^èl$MýS$…sôæ a2x + b2y + c2 = 0™ø ´ùÍõÜ¢ x + y = 180 ....... (1)
ÐésìæMìS JMóS Ý뫧ýl¯]l E…r$…¨. Aç³#µyýl$ B çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$ a1= 2, b1 =1, c1= − 6; 3 k ò³§ýlª Mø×æ…, _¯]l² Mø×æ… MýS…sôæ 20° GMýS$PÐ]l
A…sôæ = ⇒k=3
"çÜ…VýS™èl çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$'. a2 = 4, b2 = −2, c2 = −4 1 1 x − y = 20 ...... (2)
» Æð‡…yýl$ Æó‡QË$ HMîS¿¶æÑõÜ¢ ÐésìæMìS A¯]l…™èlOÐðl$¯]l Ýë««§ýl¯]l- a1 2 1 b1 1 −1 c 2 −6 3 6. 3x − 5y + 7 = 0 JMýS Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×æ…. ©°™ø (1), (2)˯]l$ Ý뫨õÜ¢ x = 100, y = 80
Ë$…sêƇ¬. D Æó‡QOò³ E…yól {糆 ¼…§ýl$Ð]l# Ý뫧ýl¯]l = = ; = = ; = = gêÅÑ$¡Ä¶æ$…V> ∴ Æð‡…yýl$ çÜ…ç³NÆý‡MýS Mø×êÌZÏ
a 2 4 2 b 2 −2 2 c 2 −4 2
AÐ]l#™èl$…¨. Aç³#µyýl$ B çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$ "ç³Æý‡çܵÆ>«§éÇ™èl i) Q…yýl¯]l Æó‡QËÄôæ$År$Ï ò³§ýlª Mø×æ… 100°, _¯]l² Mø×æ… 80°.
çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$'. a1 b1 ii) çÜÐ]l*…™èlÆý‡ Æó‡QËÄôæ$År$Ï
∴ a ≠b M>ºsìæt C_a¯]l Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èl 2 3 4 9
» Æð‡…yýl$ Æó‡QË$ çÜÐ]l*…™èlÆý‡ Æó‡QOÌñæ™ól B çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êËMýS$ 2 2 iii) HMîS¿¶æÑ…^ól Æó‡QËÄôæ$År$Ï ÐólÆöMýS Æó‡TĶæ$ + = 2; − = −1 çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË
11. x y x y
Ý뫧ýl¯]l Ìôæ§ýl$. Aç³#µyýl$ B çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$ "AçÜ…VýS™èl Q…yýl¯]l Æó‡Q˯]l$ çÜ*_çÜ$¢…¨. çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×ê°² Æ>Ķæ$…yìl.
çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$'. 3. 6x − 3y + 10 = 0, 2x − y + 9 = 0 Æó‡TĶæ$ f. i) 3x −5y + 7 = 0MýS$ Q…yýl¯]l Æó‡Q AÄôæ$År$Ï E…yól f™èl˯]l$, Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èlË$V> Ð]l*Æý‡ayýl…
» Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èlMýS$ Ý뫧ýl¯]l MýS¯]l$Vö¯]lyé°MìS.. çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èl çÜ…VýS™èl çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êÌZ, AçÜ…VýS™èl Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×æ… 2x + 3y −5 = 0 §éÓÆ> ÐésìæMìS Ý뫧ýl¯]l MýS¯]l$Vö¯]l…yìl.
G) Æó‡Rê _{™èl… ({V>‹œ) 糧ýl®† çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êÌZ çÜÇ^èl*yýl…yìl. ii) 3x −5y + 7 = 0MýS$ çÜÐ]l*…™èlÆý‡…V> E…yól f. C_a¯]l çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$
¼) {糆„óSç³×æ 糧ýl®† f. C_a¯]l Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èl çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×æ… 6x − 10y + 4 = 0 2 3 4 9
+ = 2; − = −1
Üí ) ^èlÆý‡Æ>Õ° ™öËW…^ól 糧ýl®†° Eç³Äñæ*WÝ뢅 6x − 3y + 10 = 0; 2x − y + 9 = 0 iii) 3x − 5y + 7 = 0MýS$ HMîS¿¶æÑ…^ól çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×æ… x y x y
» Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êÌZÏ° ^èlÆý‡Æ>Ô¶æ$Ë VýS$×æM>ËMýS$ çÜÒ$- a1 6 3 b1 −3 3 c1 10 9x − 15y +21 = 0
= = ; = = ; =
MýSÆý‡×êË çÜÓ¿êÐé°MìS Ð]l$«§ýlÅ çÜ…º…«§ýl… E…r$…¨. a 2 2 1 b 2 −1 1 c 2 9 7. x + y = 10, x − y = 4 Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èl¯]l$ 1 1
= a, =b A¯]l$Mø…yìl.
Æð‡…yýl$ ^èlÆý‡Æ>Ô¶æ$ÌZÏ Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èl {糆„óSç³×æ 糧ýl®† §éÓÆ> Ý뫨…^èl…yìl. x y
a1x + b1y + c1 = 0; a2x + b2y + c2 = 0Ë$ a1 b1 c1 f. x + y = 10 ....... (1); Aç³#µyýl$ C_a¯]l çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$
= ≠ M>ºsìæt C_a¯]l Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË
AƇ¬™ól a 2 b2 c2 x − y = 4 ⇒ x = y + 4 ....... (2) 2a + 3b = 2 ........ (1)
a1 b1 4a −9b = −1......... (2) V>
G) a 2 ≠ b 2 AƇ¬™ól Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èlMýS$ f™èl çÜÐ]l*…™èlÆý‡ Æó‡Q˯]l$ çÜ*_çÜ$¢…¨. AçÜ…VýS™èl çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×æ… (1)ÌZ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×æ… (2) ¯]l$…_ x¯]l$ HÆý‡µyýl™éƇ¬
çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$ AÐ]l#™éƇ¬. {糆„óSí³…^èlV>.. (1) × 2 ⇒ 4a + 6b = 4
HOMðSMýS Ý뫧ýl¯]l E…r$…¨. çÜ…VýS™èl çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$ (Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èlMýS$ Ý뫧ýl¯]l E…yýl§ýl$) y+ 4 + y = 10 ⇒ 2y + 4 = 10 (2) × 1 ⇒ 4a − 9b = −1
AÐ]l#™éƇ¬. 4. k H ÑË$Ð]lMýS$ 3x + 5y + 2 = 0, 9x + 12y + k = 0 ⇒ 2y = 10 − 4 = 6 ⇒ y = 3 (−) (+) (+)
a1 b1 c1 Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èl HMîS¿¶æÑ…^ól Æó‡QËÐ]l#™éÄñæ* çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×æ… (2)ÌZ y = 3¯]l$ {糆„óSç³×æ ^ólõÜ¢ 15b = 5
¼) a = b ≠ c AƇ¬™ól Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË 5 1
2 2 2 MýS¯]l$Vö¯]l…yìl. x=3+4=7 ∴Ý뫧ýl¯]l x = 7, y =3 ⇒b= =
f™èlMýS$ Ý뫧ýl¯]l E…yýl§ýl$. AçÜ…VýS™èl çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$. f. 3x + 5y + 2 = 0; 9x + 12y +k = 0 CÑ HMîS¿¶æÑ…^ól 8. 2x − y = 5; 3x + 2y = 11 çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èl¯]l$ 15 3
a1 b1 c 1 Æó‡Q˯]l$ çÜ*_Ýë¢Æ‡¬. M>ºsìæt ^èlÆý‡Æ>Õ° ™öËW…^ól 糧ýl®†ÌZ Ý뫨…^èl…yìl.
Üí ) a 2 = b 2 = c 2 AƇ¬™ól B Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË a1 b1 c 1 3 14 2 1
= = = = f. 2x − y = 5 ....... (1) b=
f™èlMýS$ A¯]l…™èl Ý뫧ýl¯]lË$…sêƇ¬. çÜ…VýS™èl çÜÒ$- a 2 b 2 c 2 M>ÐéÍ. A…sôæ 9 12 k M>ÐéÍ. 3x + 2y = 11 ....... (2) 3
¯]l$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×æ… (1)ÌZ {糆„óSí³õÜ¢
MýSÆý‡×êË$. ç³Æý‡çܵÆ>«§éÇ™èl çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$. (1) × 2 ⇒ 4x − 2y = 10 2a+3 (1/3) = 2 ⇒2a = 2−1 = 1 ⇒ a = ½
3 2 1 2 (2) × 1 ⇒ 3x + 2y = 11 1 1 1 1
Ð]l*¨Ç {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë$ = ⇒ = ⇒ k × 1 = 2 × 3 ⇒ ∴k = 6 M>± a = = ⇒ = ⇒ x= 4
9 k 3 k 7x = 21 x 2 x 4
1. »êÅsŒæË$, 7 º…™èl$Ë Ððl¬™èl…¢ ÐðlË Æý‡*. 1100. 7
5 x = 21/7 ⇒ 3
»êÅsŒæË$, 5 º…™èl$Ë Ððl¬™èl…¢ ÐðlË Æý‡*. 1300. AƇ¬™ól Ð]l*¨Ç {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë$: x=3¯]l$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×æ…ÌZ (1)ÌZ Æ>õÜ¢ 1 1 1 1
b= = ⇒ = ⇒ y= 9
D çÜ…§ýlÆ>°² Æð‡…yýl$ ^èlÆý‡Æ>Ô¶æ$ÌZÏ Æó‡TĶæ$ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË i) 2x − ky + 3 = 0, 4x + 6y − 5 = 0 çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË 2×3 − y = 5 ⇒ y = 6 − 5 =1 y 3 y 9
f™èlV> Ð]lÅMýS¢ ç³Æý‡^èl…yìl. f™èlMýS$, k H ÑË$Ð]lMýS$ AÑ çÜÐ]l*…™èlÆý‡ Æó‡QË- ∴ Ý뫧ýl¯]l x = 3, y =1 ∴Ý뫧ýl¯]l x = 4, y = 9.
f. 1 »êÅsŒæ ÐðlË Æý‡*. x, Ð]l#™éÄñæ* MýS¯]l$Vö¯]l…yìl. 9. çÜ$Ð]l$† ™èl¯]l MýS*™èl$Ç™ø D Ñ«§ýl…V>
1 º…† ÐðlË Æý‡*. y A¯]l$Mø…yìl. ii) 2x + py = −5; 3x + 3y = −6 çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË f™èlMýS$ ^ðlí³µ…¨. "5 Hâ¶æÏ MìS…§ýlr ¯é Ð]lĶæ$-
5 »êÅsŒæË$, 7 º…™èl$Ë Ððl¬™èl… ¢ ÐðlË Æý‡*. 1100 p H ÑË$Ð]lMýS$ HOMðSMýS Ý뫧ýl¯]l E…r$…§ø MýS¯]l$Vö¯]l…yìl. Üç $ Aç³µsìæ ± Ð]lĶæ$çÜ$ 7 Æð‡r$Ï,
AÌêVóS Cç³µsìæ ¯]l$…_ 5 Hâ¶æÏ ™èlÆ>Ó™èl
a1 b1 c1 ¯é Ð]lĶæ$çÜ$ ± Ð]lĶæ$çÜ$MýS$ Ð]lÊyýl$
çÜÆý‡â¶æ Æó‡QË f™èlË$ a2 b2 c2 °çÙµ™èl$¢Ë ´ùÍMýS çÜ*_…^ól {V>‹œ Ý뫧ýl¯]l Æð‡r$Ï E…r$…¨'. AƇ¬™ól çÜ$Ð]l$†,
3x − 2y − 5 = 0 3 −5 a1 b1
BÐðl$ MýS*™èl$Ç {ç³çÜ$¢™èl Ð]lĶæ$çÜ$˯]l$
−2 ≠
2x + 3y − 7 = 0 2 −7 a 2 b2 Q…yýl¯]l Æó‡QË$ HOMðSMýS Ý뫧ýl¯]l MýS¯]l$Vö¯]l…yìl.
3
f. çÜ$Ð]l$† {ç³çÜ$¢™èl Ð]lĶæ$çÜ$ x
2x − 3y − 8 = 0 2 −3 −8 a1 b1 c1 çÜ…Ð]l™èlÞÆ>Ë$, BÐðl$ MýS*™èl$Ç
= ≠
4x − 6y − 9 = 0 4 −6 −9 a 2 b2 c2 çÜÐ]l*…™èlÆý‡ Æó‡QË$ Ý뫧ýl¯]l Ìôæ§ýl$ {ç³çÜ$¢™èl Ð]lĶæ$çÜ$ y çÜ…Ð]l™èlÞÆ>Ë$
9x + 3y + 12 = 0 9 3 12 a1 b1 c 1 A¯]l$Mø…yìl.
= =
a2 b2 c 2 5 çÜ…Ð]l™èlÞÆ>Ë MìS…§ýlr çÜ$Ð]l$†
18x + 6y + 24 = 0 18 6 24 HMîS¿¶æÑ…^ól Æó‡QË$ A¯]l…™èl Ý뫧ýl¯]lË$
Ð]lĶæ$çÜ$, MýS*™èl$Æý‡$ Ð]lĶæ$çÜ$MýS$ 7