Women of Our World 2005 | West Africa | Central America

2005

WOMEN
of Our

WORLD

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BRinging Information to Decisionmakers for Global Effectiveness

UNESCO defines literacy as a person who can. The measure combines the probability of becoming pregnant and the risk of death from each pregnancy (as measured by the 2000 maternal mortality ratio).e. in one or more special cases listed in the previous category. Inter-Parliamentary Union. World’s Abortion Laws June 2004. with understanding. LABORSTA Database. both read and write a short simple statement on his or her everyday life. UNESCO Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2003/4. Permitted only to save a woman’s life and in one or more special cases such as rape. Inter-Parliamentary Union. 2004. All other regions and countries are classified as less developed.. Maternal Deaths per 100. plus Australia. Acknowledgments Authors: Lori Ashford and Donna Clifton Production: Ellen Carnevale and Michelle Nigh Thanks are due to several people who gave advice and assistance: Stan Bernstein. Population Reference Bureau For additional data and graphics: www.Definitions Lifetime Births per Woman (TFR): The total fertility rate.prb. World Population Prospects: The 2002 Revision. Millennium Indicators Database. UN. Mai Hijazi. “Any method” includes modern and traditional methods.S. More developed regions.000 women ages 15-19 (the age-specific fertility rate). Agency for International Development (USAID) under the BRIDGE Project (No. incest. or fetal impairment or abnormality. Carl Haub. and New Zealand.5 percent Percent of Women Ages 15-19 Giving Birth in One Year: Births per 1. 2004 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic. a Data do not include Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions (SAR) b Former Yugoslav Republic c As of January 2003 MDG Indicator related to the UN’s Millennium Development Goals 2000/2004 Data refer to the most recent estimate available during that period Abortion policy Prohibited. Department of Reproductive Health. “Modern” methods include clinic and supply methods such as the pill.org/2005women © 2005 Population Reference Bureau 2005 Women of Our World 2 . the number of deaths to women per 100.000 Live Births: Also known as the maternal mortality ratio. with gestational limits. IUD. Japan. Percent Enrolled in Secondary School: The ratio of the number of students enrolled in secondary school to the population in the applicable age group (such as ages 12 to 17) for the country (gross enrollment ratio). divided by 10. condom. Libya. Morocco. Sources Population Reference Bureau. implants. Proportion of Births Attended by Skilled Health Personnel: 2004 Global Estimates. Percent Literate Ages 15-24: Also known as the youth literacy rate. and in some countries. comprise all of Europe and North America. Certain other restrictions may apply such as spousal and/or parental consent. Lifetime Chance of Dying From Maternal Causes: The probability that a woman will die during her lifetime from causes related to pregnancy and delivery. Percent Economically Active Ages 15+: The proportion of the population over age 15 that is classified as either employed or unemployed. Permitted on physical or mental health grounds. Emily Poster. Center for Reproductive Rights. Contraceptive Use: The percentage of married or “in-union” women ages 15-49 who are currently using contraception. WHO/UNICEF/UNFPA. and Nancy Yinger. Women as Percent of Nonfarm Wage Earners: Women’s paid employment in nonagricultural sectors (i. Permitted on broad socioeconomic grounds and health grounds or without restriction as to reason. This work has been funded by the U. Maternal Mortality in 2000. Caren Grown. and midwives. industry or services) as a percentage of total nonagricultural employees. International Labour Organization. © February 2005. Women in Parliaments: 1945-1995. Spousal and/or parental consent required in some countries. GPO-A-00-03-00004-00). delivery. and related complications. Spousal and/or parental consent required in some countries. and sterilization. UN Statistics Division. Women in National Parliaments as of October 30. all those who supply labor or are available to supply labor. Demographic and Health Surveys. Egypt. UNESCO Statistical Yearbook 1996. Rachel Nugent. Sub-Saharan Africa includes all countries of Africa except the northern African countries of Algeria. defined as the number of children a woman would have if current age-specific fertility rates remain constant throughout her childbearing years. nurses.e. WHO. i. UNAIDS. 2004 World Population Data Sheet. Notes — Data are unavailable or inapplicable Italics Data refer to year prior to 1995 for reproductive health indicators and prior to 2000 for educational indicators z Less than 0.. injectables.000 live births that result from conditions related to pregnancy. following the UN classification. or permitted only to save a woman’s life. It can exceed 100 when the number of students currently enrolled exceeds the population of the relevant age group. UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) Database. Female Secondary School Enrollment as Percent of Male Enrollment: The ratio of the female enrollment rate to the male enrollment rate for secondary school. Women as Percent of Parliament: The percentage of seats in the single or lower chamber of the national parliament that are held by women. Percent of Births Attended by Skilled Personnel: Skilled personnel include doctors. Classifications can vary by country. and Tunisia.

1 z 0.800 24 Lifetime Chance of Dying From Maternal Causes 1 in: 74 2.9 1.4 0.6 6.0 5.8 7.7 1.1 6.3 0.3 2.6 © 2005 Population Reference Bureau Percent of Women in Ages: <15 15-49 >50 2005 28 16 31 34 41 43 33 31 33 30 30 38 25 44 44 48 36 41 39 38 43 47 47 48 42 50 44 42 44 43 44 44 41 42 44 45 40 44 46 24 52 48 53 52 48 47 53 56 52 57 56 49 58 46 47 44 52 49 48 50 46 43 45 43 47 43 46 48 46 47 46 46 49 46 47 45 51 46 44 55 20 36 17 15 11 10 14 13 15 13 14 12 17 10 9 9 12 10 13 11 10 10 9 8 11 7 10 10 11 11 10 10 10 11 9 10 9 10 10 21 Lifetime Births per Woman (TFR) Percent of Women Ages 15-19 Giving Birth in One Year 2.5 0.5 5.5 2.6 9.6 3.3 16.7 6.8 11.9 6.9 6 3 7 8 10 12 3 2 5 1 2 5 1 13 10 13 8 11 12 7 15 19 22 19 10 22 13 8 20 7 12 5 5 6 11 9 11 13 16 3 Percent of Married Women Using Contraception Any Method Modern 59 69 57 48 28 21 51 64 60 49 63 10 60 14 19 14 53 15 10 25 6 8 — 8 8 14 12 11 4 26 22 16 26 — 8 8 39 27 31 76 53 58 51 40 21 14 44 50 57 26 55 7 49 8 7 9 46 7 9 19 4 4 — 6 5 4 8 8 4 9 17 10 19 — 5 6 32 18 26 42 See Notes on Page 2 MDG Percent of Births Attended by Skilled Personnel 61 99 57 51 45 41 74 92 61 94 63 86 90 38 73 31 53 47 51 47 35 35 47 41 57 16 35 51 42 49 34 25 62 — 28 10 41 54 56 97 MDG Maternal Deaths per 100.600 800 690 2.1 2.3 1.8 17.2 — 5.800 61 — 20 16 210 190 310 240 120 30 320 16 17 12 160 25 31 35 18 13 16 10 14 7 18 22 6 26 14 12 33 19 24 14 19 26 7 1.000 570 1.2 6.9 1.000 480 730 630 850 1.9 4.9 8.5 5.0 7.5 5.8 1.8 5.0 5.0 0.7 14.2 5.4 0.000 1.4 2.020 1.5 0.8 1.6 7.6 6.5 1.6 4.3 37.8 — 7.0 1.6 6.6 143 3.4 2.0 4.8 15.9 0.4 0.1 0.000 550 1.2 2.9 5.7 5.000 150 690 540 540 740 1.9 5.4 0.4 1. China) AFRICA Sub-Saharan Africa NORTHERN AFRICA Algeria Egypt Libya Morocco Sudan Tunisia WESTERN AFRICA Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Côte d’Ivoire Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone Togo EASTERN AFRICA Burundi Comoros Djibouti Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Madagascar Malawi Mauritius 3.200 1.000 Live Births 2000 400 20 440 531 830 920 230 140 84 97 220 590 120 880 850 1.587 1.100 760 1.5 5.0 5.2 4.6 3.6 5.700 Abortion Policy 2004 — — — — — — — — — MDG Percent of Percent HIV-Infected of Adults Adults Ages 15-49 Who Are With HIV/AIDS Women 2003/04 1.4 2.4 6.6 1.0 1.2 3.0 128 3.7 0.2 5.0 5.1 6.DEMOGRAPHY REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH MDG Total Females (in millions) 2005 WORLD More Developed Less Developed Less Developed (Excl.2 7.4 0.3 8.8 5.7 5.954 446 368 95 16.7 4.0 — 2.6 2.2 37.0 3.8 7.2 6.2 3.3 z 4.1 5.4 6.5 3.1 7.6 1.9 2.2 6.8 — 4.209 622 2.7 2.2 — 48 28 51 52 57 58 52 16 13 — — 58 — 58 56 51 — 57 57 64 55 — 56 59 57 56 58 56 — 56 58 59 — 56 56 55 68 58 57 — 2005 Women of Our World 3 .4 64.4 5.

2 5.0 3.6 3.4 4.3 13.2 — 8.6 0.1 1.8 7.2 — 5.400 1.0 28.1 16. of Equatorial Guinea Gabon SOUTHERN AFRICA Botswana Lesotho Namibia South Africa Swaziland NORTH AMERICA Canada United States LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN CENTRAL AMERICA Belize Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Panama CARIBBEAN Bahamas Cuba Dominican Republic © 2005 Population Reference Bureau 10.9 5.4 6.500 160 239 190 690 180 74 190 370 88 210 126 580 1.0 23.5 2.3 2.8 2.6 2.1 0.3 21.6 6.1 2.3 0.8 5.1 22.5 24.4 0.7 2.4 8.6 37.6 0.0 10 3 5 21 11 20 14 9 19 22 11 12 19 14 22 18 10 6 9 5 7 6 4 5 2 5 7 7 8 7 8 11 9 6 13 9 7 6 7 9 Percent of Married Women Using Contraception Any Method Modern 17 70 13 8 25 23 34 54 25 6 26 28 8 — 31 — 33 54 40 30 44 56 28 76 75 76 70 66 56 80 67 43 62 68 69 — 62 — 73 70 12 — 4 1 17 18 23 50 6 5 13 7 2 — 4 — 12 53 39 30 43 55 26 72 73 72 62 57 49 72 — 34 51 59 66 — 58 — 72 66 See Notes on Page 2 MDG Percent of Births Attended by Skilled Personnel 44 — 31 34 36 39 47 73 43 45 62 44 14 — 43 5 86 83 99 60 76 84 70 99 98 99 82 77 77 98 58 41 54 86 67 90 73 99 100 96 MDG Maternal Deaths per 100.0 4.4 3.0 1.9 5. Dem. Rep.6 169 16.4 Percent of Women in Ages: <15 15-49 >50 2005 42 26 43 48 44 50 46 42 46 47 41 42 46 47 47 43 39 32 38 36 42 31 41 20 17 20 29 32 36 28 33 41 39 30 40 30 27 28 18 31 47 54 48 44 47 42 44 48 45 43 48 45 44 44 44 44 49 53 50 50 46 54 48 49 50 49 54 53 52 55 52 48 50 55 50 53 53 54 54 54 11 21 9 8 9 8 10 10 10 9 12 12 10 10 9 12 12 15 12 14 12 15 11 31 33 31 18 15 11 17 15 11 11 15 10 17 21 18 28 15 Lifetime Births per Woman (TFR) Percent of Women Ages 15-19 Giving Birth in One Year 5.0 2.0 4.4 6.7 2.9 21.3 6.0 1.4 2.6 3.6 4.5 5.1 — 8.9 5.5 13.100 1.6 282 74 0.3 0.1 3.8 4.100 510 990 880 420 250 100 550 300 230 370 16 6 17 190 120 140 43 150 240 110 83 230 160 270 60 33 150 Lifetime Chance of Dying From Maternal Causes 1 in: 14 970 10 10 10 13 19 16 13 7 23 15 11 26 13 16 37 113 200 32 54 120 49 2.566 8.2 2.8 4.7 0.2 2.5 38.6 54.7 4.8 3.4 19.9 2.7 56 — 57 — 56 60 57 58 58 59 63 54 56 56 57 — 58 57 58 57 55 57 55 25 24 26 38 39 37 33 34 42 56 33 34 41 50 48 33 27 2005 Women of Our World 4 .6 0.1 3.9 3.5 4.5 54 7.1 152.5 2.9 1.7 1.3 2.1 2.0 6.040 1.0 0.6 5.000 Live Births 2000 1.5 2.4 4.0 4.3 0.5 5.1 5.1 1.9 4.100 1.600 200 Abortion Policy 2004 — — — — — — MDG Percent of Percent HIV-Infected of Adults Adults Ages 15-49 Who Are With HIV/AIDS Women 2003/04 12.4 4.9 4.8 0.3 6.3 0.000 41 1.100 1.2 0.0 3.7 27 0.500 880 750 1.6 20 0.2 0.8 5.700 730 1.DEMOGRAPHY REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH MDG Total Females (in millions) 2005 Mozambique Reunion Rwanda Somalia Tanzania Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe MIDDLE AFRICA Angola Cameroon Central African Republic Chad Congo Congo.9 1.5 4.5 2.1 3.8 4.700 2.1 1.3 28.5 6.8 0.9 6.

6 92.2 3.2 — 0.9 9.5 2.5 1.5 0.1 1.2 11.6 4.4 3.1 6.1 z — 0.7 0.6 1.0 2.7 188 20.5 0.7 0.920 1.6 3.2 2.3 1.7 0.8 3.9 0.4 5.1 z 0.200 520 1.4 2.7 2.3 2.000 Live Births 2000 680 87 160 210 82 420 260 31 130 130 170 170 410 110 27 96 330 53 190 55 94 28 47 32 250 17 41 5 150 87 100 7 23 160 70 54 570 520 1.2 1.3 1.700 65 1.6 0.287 104 1.3 0.6 13.7 0.7 1.900 380 Lifetime Chance of Dying From Maternal Causes 1 in: 29 380 330 157 410 47 140 1.1 0.3 0.7 1.5 2.4 3.5 7.1 10.3 0.8 2.1 0.7 0.8 2.300 300 94 — 120 1.0 Percent of Women Ages 15-19 Giving Birth in One Year 6 8 3 7 6 8 7 4 8 6 6 7 5 4 7 9 5 7 4 3 3 2 1 3 4 2 3 3 2 6 9 2 4 3 4 5 11 9 11 11 Percent of Married Women Using Contraception Any Method Modern 28 66 — 74 — 58 76 — 76 66 37 57 68 42 — — 62 51 49 59 55 65 — 41 — — 56 52 63 24 51 43 32 49 64 28 21 48 5 54 22 63 — 65 — 35 70 — 64 50 36 48 50 41 — — 57 43 30 22 12 — — 20 — — 41 39 40 18 37 32 29 32 38 24 10 41 4 43 See Notes on Page 2 MDG Percent of Births Attended by Skilled Personnel 24 95 92 85 97 65 88 100 86 69 86 58 59 85 99 95 59 49 75 97 88 98 100 96 72 99 100 98 88 91 — 98 91 98 81 99 22 39 14 13 MDG Maternal Deaths per 100.2 36.4 1.8 2.100 240 210 200 120 73 340 1.9 8.0 4.4 © 2005 Population Reference Bureau Percent of Women in Ages: <15 15-49 >50 2005 36 51 13 29 54 18 21 58 21 28 54 18 26 49 25 37 49 14 26 56 18 26 52 22 30 54 16 31 53 16 28 56 16 37 50 12 32 53 15 29 56 15 23 47 30 31 53 16 28 53 19 31 52 17 34 52 14 17 58 25 26 58 16 32 57 11 20 49 31 16 51 33 40 49 11 26 48 25 37 52 10 31 60 9 27 56 17 42 49 8 45 45 10 34 55 11 40 51 9 36 54 10 29 54 17 34 58 9 48 44 8 33 52 15 43 46 10 37 52 11 Lifetime Births per Woman (TFR) 4.7 — — 58 48 50 34 20 27 37 33 34 34 55 26 34 34 33 32 34 35 — 36 — — — 33 — — — — — — — — — — — — — 37 — 15 2005 Women of Our World 5 .4 0.000 240 170 140 3.6 — 0.4 2.DEMOGRAPHY REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH MDG Haiti Jamaica Trinidad and Tobago SOUTH AMERICA Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Guyana Paraguay Peru Suriname Uruguay Venezuela ASIA Asia (Excl.2 2.9 3.2 1.6 786 12.7 0.0 4.9 0.4 0.6 74.8 13.8 2.6 1.6 2.0 3.1 3.7 4.9 1.4 2.1 — — — z — — 0.2 0.0 3.1 0.800 450 6.200 890 1.8 1.2 4.6 3.0 2.1 5.1 z 0.5 2.3 6.4 3.400 610 130 480 500 19 46 6 59 Abortion Policy 2004 — — — — — MDG Percent of Percent HIV-Infected of Adults Adults Ages 15-49 Who Are With HIV/AIDS Women 2003/04 5.4 1.8 2.8 2. China) WESTERN ASIA Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Cyprus Georgia Iraq Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Palestinian Territory Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria Turkey United Arab Emirates Yemen SOUTH CENTRAL ASIA Afghanistan Bangladesh Total Females (in millions) 2005 4.1 13.2 1.0 3.2 23.4 0.8 3.7 4.

3 1.7 0.5 280 0.5 36 0.1 14 0.7 65.300 140 830 36 150 25 660 75 120 1.8 2.1 23 0.9 750 632.6 1.0 1.1 2.9 34.300 1.5 1.7 41.1 1.6 112.7 0.1 2.1 — 0.1 12 z 17 z — z — 0.4 1.3 375 49 2.6 30 0.7 1. South Mongolia EUROPE NORTHERN EUROPE Denmark Estonia Finland Iceland Ireland Latvia Lithuania Norway Total Females (in millions) 2005 1.0 12.5 2.1 — 0.7 4.1 4.2 34 0.1 34 0.5 30 0.3 1.7 2.2 12.0 1.8 2.3 1.2 2.0 2.2 7. Hong Kong SAR Japan Korea.900 2.7 1.3 4.5 27 0.7 0.4 1.6 3.3 2.5 13.1 31 0.700 900 270 840 830 6.8 1.4 17 1.2 25 0.2 18 1.1 — 0.234 9.9 1.9 8.7 3.1 2.5 25.7 9.1 — — — 0.4 33 0.9 3.1 12 0.2 2.0 1.800 300 2.9 2.6 33 0.9 37 0.6 3.2 30 z 22 0.400 4.8 2.0 1.DEMOGRAPHY REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH MDG Bhutan India Iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan SOUTHEAST ASIA Brunei Cambodia Indonesia Laos Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam EAST ASIA Chinaa China.1 23 0.4 11.0 3.0 2.1 — 2005 Women of Our World 6 .3 3.9 2.200 — 8.2 531.9 78.2 32.1 34 0.7 0.1 2.3 © 2005 Population Reference Bureau Percent of Women in Ages: <15 15-49 >50 2005 40 47 13 32 52 16 29 57 14 22 54 23 30 54 17 42 48 10 39 48 13 40 48 12 24 56 20 34 54 12 31 55 14 31 55 14 29 55 16 29 60 11 39 49 12 28 55 17 40 49 11 32 53 16 30 54 16 34 52 13 19 54 27 24 57 19 29 57 14 21 55 24 21 56 23 14 58 28 13 43 44 24 54 22 19 56 25 30 58 12 15 48 37 17 47 36 18 45 37 13 47 39 17 44 39 21 50 29 20 52 29 13 47 40 16 48 36 19 46 36 Lifetime Births per Woman (TFR) 4.6 4.1 35 z 24 — — z 11 z — 0.5 2.800 1.7 2.2 1.5 31 z — 2.8 Percent of Women Ages 15-19 Giving Birth in One Year 5 11 3 4 3 5 11 7 2 2 2 5 4 2 6 5 9 2 2 4 1 5 2 1 1 1 z z z 5 2 2 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 1 Percent of Married Women Using Contraception Any Method Modern — 31 48 43 74 56 66 53 60 49 42 32 39 35 28 20 66 44 34 27 62 53 68 63 58 51 — — 24 19 60 57 32 29 55 30 33 28 49 33 62 55 72 70 75 64 80 79 83 83 — — 56 48 62 53 81 67 67 54 68 54 82 76 — — 70 56 79 78 — — — — 85 60 47 30 — — See Notes on Page 2 MDG Percent of Births Attended by Skilled Personnel 15 43 90 99 98 — 11 20 94 77 97 96 63 99 32 56 19 97 56 58 100 85 85 90 89 100 100 97 100 97 99 99 100 — 100 — 100 100 — 100 MDG Maternal Deaths per 100.900 Abortion Policy 2004 — — — — MDG Percent of Percent HIV-Infected of Adults Adults Ages 15-49 Who Are With HIV/AIDS Women 2003/04 — — 0.7 3.000 590 2.4 24.2 24 1.0 2.6 41.100 8.2 15 0.4 3.7 2.000 Live Births 2000 420 540 76 210 110 110 740 500 92 100 31 24 210 37 450 230 650 41 360 200 30 44 130 53 56 100 10 67 20 110 24 12 5 63 6 — 5 42 19 16 Lifetime Chance of Dying From Maternal Causes 1 in: 37 48 370 190 290 140 24 31 430 250 790 1.800 4. North Korea.1 3.

900 6.4 75.800 3.1 7 0.1 — 0.8 33 — 25 z — 0.015 610 1.400 7.DEMOGRAPHY REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH MDG Total Females (in millions) 2005 Sweden United Kingdom WESTERN EUROPE Austria Belgium France Germany Luxembourg Netherlands Switzerland EASTERN EUROPE Belarus Bulgaria Czech Republic Hungary Moldova Poland Romania Russia Slovakia Ukraine SOUTHERN EUROPE Albania Bosnia-Herzegovina Croatia Greece Italy Macedoniab Malta Portugal Serbia and Montenegro Slovenia Spain OCEANIA Australia Fiji New Zealand Papua-New Guinea © 2005 Population Reference Bureau 4.4 20 0.2 1.8 11.100 17.9 Percent of Women in Ages: <15 15-49 >50 2005 16 17 16 15 16 18 14 18 18 15 14 14 13 14 14 18 15 15 13 16 13 14 27 15 16 14 13 21 18 16 18 13 13 24 23 31 21 40 44 47 46 48 46 46 46 50 47 45 51 51 48 48 47 54 51 51 51 52 49 48 54 54 46 47 46 51 47 48 48 49 50 50 50 53 49 51 40 36 38 38 38 37 40 32 35 40 36 35 39 38 39 28 34 34 35 32 37 38 19 31 39 39 41 29 36 37 34 38 36 26 31 16 30 9 Lifetime Births per Woman (TFR) Percent of Women Ages 15-19 Giving Birth in One Year 1.500 4.6 157 5.800 2.8 25.4 30 0.6 1.3 31.9 1.4 2.1 42.100 13.2 1.6 75 1.000 62 Abortion Policy 2004 — — — — MDG Percent of Percent HIV-Infected of Adults Adults Ages 15-49 Who Are With HIV/AIDS Women 2003/04 0.500 7.000 1.2 3.2 35 0.700 4.700 8.2 8.5 1.2 19.1 — z — 1.5 95 4.0 2.2 5.2 — 0.2 1.800 2.1 5.7 3.2 1.500 4.1 2.2 — 0.7 1.2 1.2 1.7 1.2 — 0.000 5.3 1.2 4.1 26 0.3 5.1 32 0.100 11.1 0.3 1.0 21.2 26 0.4 1.700 3.400 316 5.3 1.5 30.600 2.4 33 0.1 1.2 20 0.2 5.7 1.1 — 0.600 1.7 21 0.1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 4 2 2 4 2 4 3 2 4 1 2 2 2 1 1 3 1 2 3 1 1 3 2 5 3 6 Percent of Married Women Using Contraception Any Method Modern — — 84 75 67 79 75 75 — 79 82 64 50 41 67 77 62 49 64 67 74 68 59 75 48 — — 60 — 86 — 58 71 56 60 67 — 74 26 79 71 65 75 69 72 — 76 78 42 42 26 58 68 43 19 30 49 41 38 42 8 16 — — 39 — 43 — 33 57 53 57 65 — 72 20 See Notes on Page 2 MDG Percent of Births Attended by Skilled Personnel 100 99 100 100 100 99 100 100 100 — 99 100 — 99 — 99 99 98 99 — 99 — 99 100 — — — 97 98 100 — 100 — 85 100 100 100 53 MDG Maternal Deaths per 100.480 16.2 1.2 18 0.2 1.4 1.1 34 z — 1.5 2.4 1.4 27 0.800 360 6.3 2.1 22 0.2 1.5 32 z — 0.2 0.000 1.2 20 0.900 1.467 1.6 30 2005 Women of Our World 7 .3 1.3 2.6 2.000 19.5 26 — — z — z — 0.6 1.3 1.000 Live Births 2000 2 13 12 4 10 17 8 28 16 7 46 35 32 9 16 36 13 49 67 3 35 9 55 31 8 9 5 23 21 5 11 17 4 110 8 75 7 300 Lifetime Chance of Dying From Maternal Causes 1 in: 29.1 1.0 5.100 7.1 — 0.0 16 10.3 1.4 1.000 7.6 29.7 1.5 1.900 2.3 22 0.3 1.800 4.0 0.0 4.6 1.1 2.2 5.8 1.300 1.100 4.100 2.2 8 0.2 20 z — 0.2 1.3 2.

EDUCATION Percent Literate (ages 15-24) 2000/2004 Female Male WORLD More Developed Less Developed Less Developed (Excl. China) AFRICA Sub-Saharan Africa NORTHERN AFRICA Algeria Egypt Libya Morocco Sudan Tunisia WESTERN AFRICA Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Côte d’Ivoire Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone Togo EASTERN AFRICA Burundi Comoros Djibouti Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Madagascar Malawi Mauritius MDG Literate Women as Percent of Literate Men (ages 15-24) 2000/04 WORK & PUBLIC LIFE Percent Enrolled in Secondary School 2000/2003 Female Male MDG Female Secondary School Enrollment as Percent of Male Enrollment 1995 2000/03 82 — 81 76 69 69 72 86 67 94 61 69 91 66 39 14 86 52 89 — 88 85 81 80 84 94 79 100 77 82 98 77 73 26 92 70 92 — 92 89 86 85 86 91 85 94 79 85 93 87 53 55 94 74 62 103 55 53 36 — 66 74 85 108 36 30 81 — 16 8 67 16 67 101 61 59 41 — 69 69 91 102 45 34 78 — 35 12 64 30 90 103 84 82 84 83 86 90 85 94 75 87 94 73 42 55 — 51 49 89 — 44 55 17 42 16 87 42 30 63 67 70 52 79 60 52 95 68 71 95 65 94 — 73 86 32 57 37 91 62 47 83 81 76 66 89 80 63 96 72 82 94 76 95 — 60 64 52 73 42 95 68 64 76 82 92 80 90 75 82 99 94 86 102 28 34 7 13 28 9 19 5 — 15 22 22 18 9 25 15 22 15 30 14 29 78 40 41 20 23 40 18 25 8 — 22 31 51 23 12 30 24 33 23 34 15 39 81 57 64 35 47 — 50 56 48 84 61 57 35 78 61 81 72 73 83 85 100 62 106 © 2005 Population Reference Bureau 93 101 91 91 88 — 95 107 93 106 80 88 104 — 46 65 105 54 70 83 35 57 70 50 76 63 — 68 71 43 78 75 83 63 67 65 88 93 74 96 Percent Economically Active Ages 15+ 1995/2002 Female Male 54 52 55 47 53 62 21 7 20 23 27 29 24 56 69 77 44 44 70 73 78 57 54 72 64 70 48 61 44 53 76 83 63 — 75 72 74 79 76 41 80 69 83 82 80 84 68 47 69 78 77 75 73 86 67 90 89 88 90 77 87 92 84 90 86 93 87 86 84 87 88 93 86 — 87 90 89 86 79 80 See Notes on Page 2 MDG Women as Percent of Nonfarm Wage Earners 1990 2001/02 35 45 32 28 30 31 21 8 21 19 26 22 20 35 52 13 50 23 24 57 30 11 28 36 43 9 36 28 32 47 30 10 16 — — 40 21 26 11 37 38 47 34 — — — 20 14 20 — 26 15 — — — 14 — 20 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 38 — 12 38 MDG Women as Percent of Parliament 1995 2004 12 14 11 9 9 10 4 7 2 — 1 8 7 6 8 4 8 5 — 8 7 10 6 2 0 4 — 12 — 1 12 12 0 0 21 5 3 4 6 3 16 20 14 13 13 14 9 6 2 — 11 10 23 10 7 12 11 9 13 10 19 8c 5 10 4 1 6 19 15 7 16 18 3 11 22 8 7 4 15 6 2005 Women of Our World 8 .

Rep. of Equatorial Guinea Gabon SOUTHERN AFRICA Botswana Lesotho Namibia South Africa Swaziland NORTH AMERICA Canada United States LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN CENTRAL AMERICA Belize Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Panama CARIBBEAN Bahamas Cuba Dominican Republic 49 100 76 — 89 74 86 96 64 63 88 47 23 97 61 95 — 94 93 99 94 94 89 — — — 96 94 85 99 88 74 91 97 89 96 89 98 100 95 © 2005 Population Reference Bureau 77 96 77 — 94 86 91 99 79 83 92 70 55 98 77 99 — 93 86 83 91 94 87 — — — 95 95 84 98 90 86 87 97 84 97 88 96 100 93 MDG Literate Women as Percent of Literate Men (ages 15-24) 2000/04 64 104 98 — 95 86 94 97 81 76 96 67 42 99 80 97 — 102 109 119 104 101 103 — — — 101 99 101 101 98 86 105 100 106 99 101 102 100 102 WORK & PUBLIC LIFE Percent Enrolled in Secondary School 2000/2003 Female Male 10 — 14 — 5 15 21 38 — 17 29 — 5 27 — 22 42 85 75 38 65 90 45 93 105 92 90 72 74 68 56 38 — 78 61 72 — 93 89 75 16 — 15 — 6 19 27 43 — 21 36 — 18 37 — 38 49 78 70 30 57 83 45 95 106 94 83 68 68 66 56 41 — 73 52 67 — 90 90 60 MDG Female Secondary School Enrollment as Percent of Male Enrollment 1995 2000/03 64 — 77 — 82 59 63 79 61 66 68 41 24 72 61 — — 119 106 147 118 120 98 101 99 101 114 102 — 109 114 91 123 101 118 107 112 — 105 140 63 — 93 — 81 79 78 88 — 81 81 — 28 73 — 58 86 109 107 127 114 108 100 98 99 98 108 106 109 103 100 93 — 107 117 107 — 103 99 125 Percent Economically Active Ages 15+ 1995/2002 Female Male 83 47 85 64 87 81 66 65 62 73 48 69 67 58 62 45 63 48 46 56 54 48 36 60 61 60 49 38 34 42 46 23 43 38 36 46 47 66 47 38 91 67 87 87 90 91 86 79 86 90 86 87 88 83 85 91 84 62 65 69 81 61 58 75 73 75 79 81 79 80 79 74 85 81 91 79 77 74 77 86 See Notes on Page 2 MDG Women as Percent of Nonfarm Wage Earners 1990 2001/02 15 31 17 28 33 43 36 15 29 35 24 36 4 33 32 13 43 — 48 40 39 — 37 47 47 47 38 37 38 37 32 37 48 35 49 44 40 49 37 35 — — — — — — — 21 — — — — — — — — — — 45 — 50 — 29 49 49 49 43 38 41 40 31 39 50 37 — 44 — 49 38 35 MDG Women as Percent of Parliament 1995 2004 25 — 4 — 11 17 7 15 7 10 12 4 16 2 5 8 6 19 10 5 18 25 3 14 18 11 13 12 3 14 11 8 7 14 16 8 18 8 23 12 30 — 49 — 21 25 12 10 11 16 9 7c 6 9 12 18 9 25 7 12 26 33 11 17 21 14 19 17 3 35 11 8 6 23 21 17 26 20 36 17 2005 Women of Our World 9 .EDUCATION Percent Literate (ages 15-24) 2000/2004 Female Male Mozambique Reunion Rwanda Somalia Tanzania Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe MIDDLE AFRICA Angola Cameroon Central African Republic Chad Congo Congo. Dem.

China) WESTERN ASIA Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Cyprus Georgia Iraq Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Palestinian Territory Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria Turkey United Arab Emirates Yemen SOUTH CENTRAL ASIA Afghanistan Bangladesh Percent Literate (ages 15-24) 2000/2004 Female Male 67 66 98 91 100 100 98 96 99 98 96 99 98 95 99 99 98 97 97 96 100 100 97 96 96 98 — — 99 99 98 96 81 89 74 84 82 91 100 100 100 100 97 97 100 100 — — 29 59 99 100 100 99 94 92 93 97 97 100 97 97 96 94 92 95 93 97 93 98 95 88 51 84 63 78 — — 41 58 © 2005 Population Reference Bureau MDG Literate Women as Percent of Literate Men (ages 15-24) 2000/04 101 107 100 101 101 98 103 100 101 100 100 100 98 — 101 102 92 88 89 100 100 101 100 — 49 100 100 102 96 98 100 102 96 96 95 108 60 81 — 71 Percent Enrolled in Secondary School 2000/2003 Female Male — — 85 82 84 77 97 90 103 97 83 86 113 102 90 88 69 62 59 59 89 87 64 63 86 92 86 62 108 95 74 64 56 63 53 60 62 72 89 84 79 81 99 91 98 96 82 76 29 47 94 95 87 86 88 83 81 74 78 79 88 82 93 88 65 73 42 47 66 86 82 77 27 65 45 55 — 24 49 45 WORK & PUBLIC LIFE MDG Female Secondary School Enrollment as Percent of Male Enrollment 1995 2000/03 96 — 112 104 120 109 119 108 108 106 87 97 134 111 109 102 115 111 104 100 122 102 105 102 93 93 — 139 120 114 142 116 82 89 77 87 76 85 79 106 107 98 104 109 103 102 97 108 64 62 98 99 — 101 99 106 109 109 93 99 — 107 101 106 87 89 87 89 67 77 109 106 23 42 67 81 36 — 55 109 Percent Economically Active Ages 15+ 1995/2002 Female Male 57 82 53 71 48 75 53 79 46 72 60 82 54 81 36 71 58 80 54 81 40 84 35 87 56 75 33 61 49 69 55 84 55 84 44 82 28 73 35 41 43 49 24 65 54 74 58 76 17 75 49 60 22 76 43 83 27 76 13 59 10 66 34 71 18 82 24 82 27 70 31 92 29 82 40 84 43 49 56 87 See Notes on Page 2 MDG Women as Percent of Nonfarm Wage Earners 1990 2001/02 40 — 51 47 36 41 39 45 37 46 36 37 40 47 36 37 42 49 37 40 45 — 41 41 30 35 39 33 42 46 35 42 32 34 26 27 22 26 — — 41 48 7 13 36 42 45 47 13 — 43 49 23 22 30 20 29 — 19 25 13 17 17 14 16 14 14 18 15 21 16 13 9 6 16 20 5 — 18 25 MDG Women as Percent of Parliament 1995 2004 — 4 12 12 19 19 10 15 22 34 11 19 7 9 8 13 11 12 5 16 20 20 3 10 10 18 6 18 7 12c 6 10 12 13 8 11 5 6 — 5 2 11 — 0 4 11 6 9 11 — 9 15 1 6 0 0 2 2 — — — — — — — 0 10 12 2 4 0 0 1 z 6 9 — — 11 2 2005 Women of Our World 10 .EDUCATION Haiti Jamaica Trinidad and Tobago SOUTH AMERICA Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Guyana Paraguay Peru Suriname Uruguay Venezuela ASIA Asia (Excl.

South Mongolia EUROPE NORTHERN EUROPE Denmark Estonia Finland Iceland Ireland Latvia Lithuania Norway Percent Literate (ages 15-24) 2000/2004 Female Male — — 65 80 91 96 100 100 — — 99 99 60 81 42 66 97 97 100 100 100 100 100 100 96 97 99 99 76 85 98 99 75 83 97 97 93 96 96 95 100 99 98 98 95 95 99 99 99 99 — — — — — — 100 100 98 97 — — — — — — 100 100 — — — — — — 100 100 100 100 — — © 2005 Population Reference Bureau MDG Literate Women as Percent of Literate Men (ages 15-24) 2000/04 — 81 95 100 — 100 75 64 100 100 100 100 99 100 90 99 90 100 97 101 100 100 100 99 99 — — — 100 101 — — — 100 — — — 100 100 — Percent Enrolled in Secondary School 2000/2003 Female Male — — 42 57 75 79 88 90 87 86 68 64 37 50 19 29 89 84 74 90 — — 97 100 63 64 91 85 16 27 58 58 34 47 73 66 38 41 86 78 — — 81 85 67 72 65 71 62 68 78 78 103 102 — — 90 90 83 69 105 103 152 133 132 126 97 95 133 120 115 108 110 100 95 94 100 101 115 112 WORK & PUBLIC LIFE MDG Female Secondary School Enrollment as Percent of Male Enrollment 1995 2000/03 — — 65 74 84 95 101 98 111 101 — 106 51 74 55 65 109 106 94 82 99 — 89 97 93 99 — 107 59 59 85 100 63 72 109 111 103 93 103 110 103 — 98 95 — 93 91 93 88 91 — 100 102 101 — — 101 100 135 120 104 102 110 115 104 105 111 102 114 111 — 106 106 110 104 101 104 99 95 103 Percent Economically Active Ages 15+ 1995/2002 Female Male 58 90 41 86 11 75 65 76 55 74 37 72 57 86 16 83 36 77 55 74 61 78 61 74 59 84 47 83 74 81 52 85 75 89 44 79 66 88 53 82 56 81 65 81 75 84 70 84 74 86 52 72 48 74 62 82 49 75 56 61 49 66 58 72 73 82 52 66 56 66 79 87 48 71 50 65 53 64 69 77 See Notes on Page 2 MDG Women as Percent of Nonfarm Wage Earners 1990 2001/02 12 — 13 18 18 — 60 48 46 45 21 40 12 — 7 8 39 45 40 50 — — 46 42 39 — 40 — 41 53 29 30 42 — 38 35 35 — 40 41 43 47 45 46 53 — 38 39 38 39 41 46 38 41 50 — 38 40 49 47 45 48 49 50 47 49 52 52 51 51 53 53 42 48 52 53 58 50 47 49 MDG Women as Percent of Parliament 1995 2004 0 10 8 8 4 3 — 10 5 10 6 6 — 6 2 22 5 5 3 13 18 26 6 7 11 15 — — 6 10 12 11 9 23 8 9 — — 9 15 4 16 6 9 19 27 17 18 21 20 — — 3 7 20 20 2 13 4 5 15 20 22 28 33 38 13 19 34 38 25 30 13 13 15 21 7 21 39 36 2005 Women of Our World 11 . North Korea.EDUCATION Bhutan India Iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan SOUTHEAST ASIA Brunei Cambodia Indonesia Laos Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam EAST ASIA Chinaa China. Hong Kong SAR Japan Korea.

EDUCATION Sweden United Kingdom WESTERN EUROPE Austria Belgium France Germany Luxembourg Netherlands Switzerland EASTERN EUROPE Belarus Bulgaria Czech Republic Hungary Moldova Poland Romania Russia Slovakia Ukraine SOUTHERN EUROPE Albania Bosnia-Herzegovina Croatia Greece Italy Macedoniab Malta Portugal Serbia and Montenegro Slovenia Spain OCEANIA Australia Fiji New Zealand Papua-New Guinea Percent Literate (ages 15-24) 2000/2004 Female Male — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 100 100 100 100 100 100 — — 100 99 99 98 100 100 98 98 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 99 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 — — 100 98 100 100 — — 100 100 100 100 — — — — 99 99 — — 71 80 © 2005 Population Reference Bureau MDG Literate Women as Percent of Literate Men (ages 15-24) 2000/04 — — — — — — — — — — 100 100 100 — 100 101 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 — 102 100 — 100 100 — — 100 — — Percent Enrolled in Secondary School 2000/2003 Female Male 160 132 169 145 107 107 97 101 166 148 108 107 99 100 100 93 120 124 95 101 93 93 88 84 93 95 97 95 104 103 73 71 100 103 85 84 92 92 90 89 97 97 103 101 80 77 — — 89 88 97 95 96 100 83 85 91 92 117 111 89 88 108 107 119 112 112 112 153 155 83 78 116 109 21 27 WORK & PUBLIC LIFE MDG Female Secondary School Enrollment as Percent of Male Enrollment 1995 2000/03 105 121 112 117 98 100 96 96 106 112 99 101 98 99 — 108 95 97 — 94 106 100 105 105 99 98 103 102 105 101 104 103 101 97 101 101 108 100 104 101 107 100 105 101 102 103 — — 103 101 93 102 102 96 101 97 — 99 110 106 — 101 103 100 110 106 98 100 99 99 101 106 98 106 68 78 Percent Economically Active Ages 15+ 1995/2002 Female Male 76 80 55 71 50 65 51 68 40 56 49 63 49 65 43 64 56 73 59 77 — 65 53 66 44 55 51 69 47 61 54 59 48 62 48 63 53 67 53 68 58 67 — 65 49 71 44 75 45 62 38 61 37 62 43 66 31 70 55 70 50 71 50 63 43 67 — 72 56 71 39 79 57 72 71 74 See Notes on Page 2 MDG Women as Percent of Nonfarm Wage Earners 1990 2001/02 51 51 48 50 41 46 40 44 40 45 44 47 41 46 35 38 38 45 43 47 49 50 56 56 54 51 46 47 46 47 53 54 47 48 43 45 50 50 48 52 51 53 37 41 40 40 43 — 44 46 35 41 34 41 38 42 26 34 44 47 46 — 49 48 33 40 42 49 45 49 30 35 48 51 24 — MDG Women as Percent of Parliament 1995 2004 40 45 10 18 19 26 24 34 12 35 6 12 26 32 20 20 31 37 18 25 10 14 — 29 13 26 10 17 11 10 5 13 13 20 4 11 13 10 15 19 4 5 10 17 6 6 5 17 6 18 6 14 15 12 3 18 2 9 9 19 — 8 14 12 16 36 — 13 10 25 4 6 21 28 0 1 2005 Women of Our World 12 .

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