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CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF SIKH GURUS


Name of the Guru Guruship Name of Father & Place of Birth Name of Names of children Gurbani Composed Contribution to Sikhi progress Place of Delhi
Years Mother wife/ wives (Sources differ regarding Joti Jote Emperors
Birth- Joti Jote Gurgaddi at the exact number of (demise)
(demise) Years the age of Shabads) & Age
Guru Nanak Dev Ji 1469-1539 Kalyan Chand Ji (also Nanakana Sulakhni Ji 1. Sri Chand Total 974 Shabads in 19 Founder of Sikhi (Sikhism). Revealed the Basic Kartarpur Lodhi Dynasty
Nanak I known as Mehta Kalu Sahib 2. Lakhmi Chand Ragas inc. Jap ji, Sidh Qualities (description) of the One Creator being; (70) (1451-1526)
From birth Ji) (Pakistan) Goshat, Dakhni Onkar, laid the foundation of Sikh ideology and Babar
1469-1539 Mata Tripta Ji Asa ki Vaar, Barah Maha institutions based on universal values, human Mughul Empire
equality rights 1526 -

Guru Angad Dev Ji 1539-1552 (Pheru Mal Ji Mate- Di Kheevi JI 1. Dasu 2. Dattu Total 63 Shabads & Introduced Gurmukhi alphabet; institutions Khadur Humayun
Nanak II (13 Years) Mata Daya kaur Ji Sarai 3. Amro 4. Anokhi Shaloks promoting human equality; physical fitness as part (48) (1530-1556)
1504-1552 35 years (Sabrahi) (Mukatsar) of Sikhi life Sher Shah Suri
(1540-1555)
Guru Amar Das Ji 1552-1574 Tej Bhan Ji Basarke Ramo Ji 1.Mohan 2. Mohri Total 869 Shabads in Sikhi centre; organisation; position of women; Goindwal Akabar (1556-
Nanak III (22 Years) Mata Sulakni Ji (Amritsar) 3.Dani 4. Bhani 17 ragas inc. Anand Sahib Sikhi institutions promoting human equality; (95) 1605)
1479-1574 73 years Service & humility (sewa)
Guru Ram Dass Ji 1574-1581 Hardas Ji Sodhi Chuna Mandi Bhani Ji 1. Pirthi Chand Total 688 Shabads Amritsar town as a Sikh centre. Digging of Lahore Akabar
Nanak IV (7 Years) Mata Daya kaur JI (Lahore) 2. Mahan Dev Amrit-sar (literally pool of nector). Active family (47) (1556-1605)
1534-1581 40 years 3. Arjan Dev life
Guru Arjan Dev Ji 1581-1606 Guru Ram Dass Ji Goindwal Ganga Ji 1.Hargobind Total 2312 Shabads in 30 Completion of Amritsar-the holy tank and Darbar Kiratpur Jahangir
Nanak V (25 Years) Mata Bhani Ji (Amritsar) Ragas Inc. Gauri, Sahib building (later known as Golden Temple) (43) (1605-1627)
1563-1606 18 years Sukhmani, Barah Mah, Adi Granth compilation
Bawan Akhari (Guru Granth Sahib after Gurgaddi);
First Guru martyr; Sikh martyrdom tradition.
Guru Hargobind Ji 1606 -1644 Guru Arjan Dev JI Guru-Ki- Damodri Ji 1.Gurditta 2. Ani Rai Strengthened combination of Kiratpur Jahangir &
Nanak VI (38 Years) Mata Ganga Ji Wadali Marvahi Ji 3. Bibi Viro worldly and spiritiual (miri/ piri (49) Shahryar
1595-1644 11 years (Amritsar) Nanaki Ji (daughter) aspects of Sikhi; fearless disposition; (1627-1628
4. Suraj Mal armed defence as a last resort Shah Jahan
5. Atal Rai (1628-1658))
6 Teg Bahadur
Guru Har Rai Ji 1644 -1661 Baba Gurditta Ji Kiratpur Sulakhani Ji 1. Ram Rai Compassion and sewa from a position of Kirat Pur Shah Jahan
Nanak VII (17 Years) Mata Bassi ji (Ropar) 2.Harkrishan strength; welfare, health &non-discriminatory (31) & Aurangzeb
1630-1661 14 years medical services. (1658-1707)

Guru Harkrishan JI 1661 - 1664 Guru Har Rai Ji Kirat Pur Sewa; Delhi Aurangzeb
Nanak VIII (3 Years) Mata Sulakhni Ji (Ropar) purity (8)
1656-1664 5 years
Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji 1664 - 1675 Guru Hargobind Ji Amritsar Gujri Ji Gobind Singh Total 115 Shabads Inner detachment; “fear none/frighten none” Delhi Aurangzeb
Nanak IX (11 Years) Mata Nanaki Ji philosophy of Khalsa; supreme sacrifice for (54)
1621-1675 43 years religious freedom in the Sikh martyrdom tradition
started by Nanak V, Guru Arjan Dev ji.

Guru Gobind Singh Ji 1675 - 1708 Guru Tegh Bahadur JI Patna Sahib Jeeto Ji 1. Ajit Singh Jap Sahib, Chaupai, Rising spirit( Chardi kalaa);.established the Khalsa Nader Aurangzeb &
Nanak X (33 Years) Mata Gujri Ji (Bihar) (Ajit Kaur) 2.Jujhar Singh Swayye, Akal Ustat Panth on Vaisakhi 1699; Guruship passed on to (42*) Bahadur Shah
1666* -1708 *9 years Sundri Ji 3.Zorawar Singh the twin institution of Guru Granth Sahib & Guru (1707-1712)
*1661: Bhatt Vahi. Sahib Kaur Ji 4.Fateh Singh Khalsa Panth

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