Biology Endangered Ecosystem

Team Members: 1) 2) 3) JUSTIN ROSHEN John LIM jiazchen Jamaludin aiman

Noise pollution . 3. • Pollutant – substance that cause pollution • Pollution – being make dirty • Types of environmental pollution: 1. Air pollution Water pollution Soil pollution Pollution caused by solid waste and hazardous (dangerous) waste 5. 2.Any undesirable change in the natural environment caused by pollutant.Endangered Ecosystem Human Activities that Endangered and Ecosystem Pollution • Pollution . 4.

because a mixture of different pollutants can intensify sickness. • Because people are exposed to so many potentially dangerous pollutants. Just how sick people will get depends on what chemicals they are exposed to. Those with heart or lung disorders are under additional risk. in what concentrations. the health of countless people is ruined or endangered by air pollution. it is often difficult to isolate those pollutants that are at fault.000. • Older people are highly vulnerable to diseases induced by air pollution. Children and infants are also at serious risk. . • Studies have estimated that the number of people killed annually in the US alone could be over 50. it is often hard to know exactly which pollutants are responsible for causing sickness. and for how long. Many different chemicals in the air affect the human body in negative ways. Every year.Air pollution • Air pollution is responsible for major health effects. Also.

Diseases such as bronchitis. and can kill animals. especially fish in highly polluted rivers. The main problem . nitrogen oxides. This is the result of both garbage dumped by individuals and dangerous chemicals legally or illegally dumped by industries. and sulphur dioxide also have harmful effects on natural ecosystems. Air pollutants such as ozone. lung cancer. and routinely receives more waste when rainfall pushes it into the harbour. They can kill plants and trees by destroying their leaves. • Many bodies of water near urban areas are highly polluted. and heart disease may all eventually appear in people exposed to air pollution.• Many diseases could be caused by air pollution without their becoming apparent for a long time. • Water pollution • Boston Harbour is a strong example of how badly pollution can damage bodies of water. The water is filled with toxic waste and sewage.

Dead fish. . humans are affected by this process as well. People can get diseases such as hepatitis by eating seafood that has been poisoned. Later.caused by water pollution is that it kills life that inhabits water-based ecosystems. • Eventually. Pollutants such as lead and cadmium are eaten by tiny animals. and many other animals often wind up on beaches. dolphins. • Ecosystems can be severely changed or destroyed by water pollution. and this pollution is coming back to hurt humans. and the food chain continues to be disrupted at all higher levels. Many areas are now being affected by careless human pollution. • Pollution disrupts the natural food chain as well. birds. killed by pollutants in their habitat. these animals are consumed by fish and shellfish.

• Not enough drainage.Soil pollution • Not enough oxygen in the soil. . bugs will go and start an infestation in the soil. • acidy soils that may burn the plant. • The soil pollution eats away at the nutrient and becomes • A bigger soil polluter. • It effects plants growth.

Natural sounds are less irritating than those we find uncontrollable but intermittent sounds such as . the physiological disturbances become chronic and contribute to mental illness. Just one noise explosion from a passing truck drastically alters our endocrinal. • not enough moisture in the soil. Noise Pollution • Noise pollution disturbs our health and behavior in a number of ways including deafness causing lack of sleep.• New soil diseases develop every year. heartburn. • Sometimes. and heart disease. indigestion. and high volumes can be annoying. irritability. ulcers. and cardiovascular functions in many individuals. If this is prolonged or frequent. neurological. even low levels of noise are irritating and can be frustrating. high blood pressure.

and instructions or warnings difficult to be heard and interpreted. and reduce one’s productivity and performance. 1. Difficult tasks can be impaired.a tap dripping water can be more irritating than the sound of falling rain. • Noise more than 50dB can be very difficult to hear and interpret and cause problems such as partial deafness. causing accidents. Occur when greenhouse gases Accumulates in the atmosphere to form a Layer of gases . • Increased nose levels gives rise to a lack of concentration and accuracy at work. The Greenhouse Effects and the Thinning of the Ozone Layer Greenhouse effect.

2. Greenhouse gases – carbon dioxide. Methane and water vapour 3. Greenhouse effect cause the global Warming Ozone layer . nitrogen oxides. The layer of gases trap the Sun’s heat around the world 4. Chlorofluorocarbon.

• act as protective shield that absorb the Sun’s harmful UV radiation • Thinning of ozone layer . • consist of ozone molecules which made up of three oxygen atom (O3).Located in the atmosphere.

chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) • CFC – man made gases used as Refrigerant (substance that make things Cold or freeze) and propellants (Compressed gas that forces out the content of an aerosol container) • CFC when exposed to UV radiation will release chlorine atom which can break down ozone molecules in chain reaction causing the ozone layer become thinner .• Main cause .

• Proper management of development activities are important . • Development interfere the balance in nature.The need for development and the effects of an increasing population on the ecosystem • The increasing in population cause the increase in development. • Unplanned and unmanaged development cause environmental problems.

• Uncontrolled use of the natural resources will cause them to be used up. .The importance of proper management of development activities • Natural resource are nonrenewable means once they have been used they cannot be replaced. • They need to be manage in proper ways to maintain balance in nature.

3. Measures taken in the management of development activities 1. Implementation of laws Use of technology Education on the management of resources Preservation and conservation activities . 2. 4.The importance of management of development activities proper • Carry out sustainable development to balance the demands and the needs for resources with the need to conserve the resources.

5. The practive of biological control .

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