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Education in the country is in great importance because it is the primary avenue for upward social and economic mobility. Philippine educational system has a very deep history from the past in which it has undergone several stage of development going to the present system of education. Education from Ancient Early Filipinos The education of pre-Spanish time in the Philippines was informal and unstructured. The fathers taught their sons how to look for food and other means of livelihood. The mothers taught their girls to do the household chores. This education basically prepared their children to became good husband and wives. Early Filipino ancestors valued education very much. Filipino men and women knows how to read and write using their own native alphabet called alibata. The alibata was composed of 17 symbols representing the letters of the alphabet. Among these seventeen symbols were three vowels and fourteen consonants. Educational System During Spanish Period The educational system of the Philippines during the Spanish times was formal. The Religious congregations paved the way in establishing schools from the primary level to the tertiary level of education. The schools focused on the Christian Doctrines. There was a separate school for boys and girls. The wealthy Filipinos or the Ilustrados were accommodated in the schools. Colonial education brought more non-beneficial effects to the Filipinos. Educational Decree 1863 The first educational system for students in the country was established by virtue of the Education Decree of 1863. In furtherance, the decree required the government to provide school institutions for boys and girls in every town. As a consequence, the Spanish schools started accepting Filipino students. It was during this time when the intellectual Filipinos emerged. The Normal School was also established which gave men the opportunity to study a three-year teacher education for the primary level. * Education during the Spanish Regime and Its Colonial Effects to the Filipinos Educational System During American Period Like the Spaniards, the Americans brought many changes in their 45 years of reign in the country. Until now, these American influences can still be seen in our lifestyle or way of life. The Commonwealth provided free education in public schools all over the country, in accordance with the 1935 constitution. Education also emphasized nationalism so the students were taught about the life of the Filipino heroes. Vocational education and some
household activities like sewing, cooking, and farming were also given importance. Good manners and discipline were also taught to the students. The institute of Private Education was established in order to observe private schools. In 1941, the total number of students studying in the 400 private schools in the country reached 10,000. There was also the existence of "Adult Education" in order to give formal education even to adults. * American government gave importance to Education Changes in Education During the Japanese Occupation The government made some changes in the system of education in February, 1942. These changes were: • • • • • • To stop depending on western countries like the U.S., and Great Britain. Promote and enrich the Filipino culture. To recognize that the Philippines is a part of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere so that the Philippines and Japan will have good relations. To be aware of materialism to raise the morality of the Filipinos. To learn and adopt Nippongo and to stop using the English language. To spread elementary and vocational education. To develop love for work.
Educational System in the Present Period Philippine education is patterned after the American system, with English as the medium of instruction. Schools are classified into public (government) or private (non-government). The general pattern of formal education follows four stages: Pre-primary level (nursery, kindergarten and preparatory) offered in most private schools; six years of primary education, followed by four years of secondary education. College education usually takes four, sometimes five and in some cases as in medical and law schools, as long as eight years. Graduate schooling is an additional two or more years. Classes in Philippine schools start in June and end in March. Colleges and universities follow the semestral calendar from June-October and November-March. There are a number of foreign schools with study programs similar to those of the mother country. An overall literacy rate was estimated at 95.9 percent for the total population in 2003, 96 % for males and 95.8 % for females.
EDUCATIONAL PROFILE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND BEST PRACTICES IN FILIPINO SCHOOLS AND CLASSROOMS Ms. Alethea M. Florido Garinger High School Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools I. Background Profile of the Philippines and the Filipino Culture The Philippines is an archipelago of 7,107 islands. It stretches from the south of China to the northern tip of Borneo. The country has over a hundred ethnic groups and a mixture of foreign influences which have molded a unique Filipino culture. It is the third largest English-speaking country in the world. The country is divided into three geographic areas: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. It has 14 regions, 73 provinces and 60 cities. The capital is Manila. The Filipino is basically of Malay stock with a sprinkling of Chinese, American, Spanish, and Arab blood. The Philippines has a population of 76.5 million as of May 2000, and it is hard to distinguish accurately the lines between stocks. From a long history of Western colonial rule, interspersed with the visits of merchants and traders, evolved a people of a unique blend of east and west, both in appearance and culture. The Filipino character is actually a little bit of all the cultures put together. The bayanihan or spirit of kinship and camaraderie that Filipinos are famous for is said to be taken from Malay forefathers. The close family relations are said to have been inherited from the Chinese. The piousness comes from the Spaniards who introduced Christianity in the 16th century. Hospitality is a common denominator in the Filipino character and this is what distinguishes the Filipino. Filipinos are probably one of the few, if not the only, Englishproficient Oriental people today. Pilipino is the official national language, with English considered as the country's unofficial one. The Filipinos are divided geographically and culturally into regions, and each regional group is recognizable by distinct traits and dialects - the sturdy and frugal llocanos of the north, the industrious Tagalogs of the central plains, the carefree Visayans from the central islands, and the colorful tribesmen and religious Moslems of Mindanao. Tribal communities can be found scattered across the archipelago. The Philippines has more than 111 dialects spoken, owing to the subdivisions of these basic regional and cultural groups. The country is marked by a true blend of cultures; truly in the Philippines, East meets West. The background of the people is Indonesian and Malay. There are Chinese and Spanish elements as well. The history of American rule and contact with merchants and traders culminated in a unique blend of East and West, both in the appearance and culture of the Filipinos, or people of the Philippines. Hospitality, a trait displayed by every Filipino, makes these people legendary in Southeast Asia. Seldom can you find such hospitable people who enjoy the company of their Western visitors. Perhaps due to their long association with Spain, Filipinos are emotional and passionate about life in a way that seems more Latin than Asian.
DECS (Elementary and High School) . The American occupation was responsible for teaching the Filipino people the English language. Phil. History and Character Education TRIFOCAL EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM . The Philippines is currently the third-largest English speaking country in the world.assignment of Filipino secretary for department of Instruction “THOMASITES” -American teachers .English is the medium of instruction .Boys and girls school are separated .TESDA – Technology Based Education FILIPINIZATION OF INSTRUCTION . with its heavy emphasis on mass public education. TRIBAL TUTORS -education was informal and unstructured -children were provided with vocational training and less academics by parents and houses of tribal tutors JAPANESE EDUCATIONAL POLICIES .teaching of Tagalog. II.free public school system .free and compulsory elementary . Filipinos internalized the American ideal of a democratic society in which individuals could get ahead through attainment of a good education.education for the elite only . History of Philippine Education Filipinos have a deep regard for education.Spanish is compulsory . From the onset of United States colonial rule. Middle-class parents make tremendous sacrifices in order to provide secondary and higher education for their children.creation of ministry of education .CHED – Higher Education . At least 83% of the total population belongs to the Roman Catholic faith.The Spaniards introduced Christianity (the Roman Catholic faith) and succeeded in converting the overwhelming majority of Filipinos.600 teachers from USA taught in Philippines SPANISH MISSIONARIES . suppressed and controlled . which they view as a primary avenue for upward social and economic mobility.Inadequate.education was “religion-centered” .
Mathematics II . six years of primary education. Filipino 4).351. Science 3). sometimes five and in some cases as in medical and law schools. Mathematics Lesson Guides for Mathematics . English 2). Music and Social Studies) 7).Kapayapaan (Peace) . Edukasyong Pangtahanan at Pangkabuhayan (Home Economics and Livelihood) 5). Schools are classified into public (government) or private (nongovernment). high school… BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM FOR ELEMENTARY (6 years) Grade 1-Grade 6 Subject Area 1). Makabayan (PE. elementary.Pagmamalasakit sa Kapwa (Caring for Others) . Classes in Philippine schools start in June and end in March. The general pattern of formal education follows four stages: Pre-primary level (nursery and kindergarten) offered in most private schools. Graduate schooling is an additional two or more years.944.PELC . with English as the medium of instruction. Metro Manila has a high literacy rate of 96 percent with student population of 2. Educational Profile Philippine education is patterned after the American system.Mathematics III .PELC Pagmamahal (Disiplina) (Love and Discipline) . as long as eight years. Health.PELC .Paggalang (Respect) .Mathematics IV Mathemetics V .III.Mathemetics I .Edukasyong Pagpapakatao (Character and Values Education) . followed by four years of secondary education. BASIC EDUCATION IN THE PHILIPPINES • intended to meet basic learning needs • lays the foundation on which subsequent learning can be based • encompasses early childhood.PELC . Colleges and universities follow the semestral calendar from June-October and November-March.Pagmamahal 1 (Love) .PELC .Mathematics VI 6). College education usually takes four.
7.62% • Teacher-Student Ratio 1:36 • Transition Rate o Elem to secondary 100.49% .6.032.069 (79%) o Private 1.893 o Public 4.Pinagkukunang Yaman (Pagtitipid) (Frugality) PELC .Pananampalataya (Faith) .02% • Dropout Rate 8.PELC .Pangkabuhayan (Love of Labor) .Saloobin (Self Reflection and Principles) BASIC SECONDARY EDUCATION.Katotohanan (Honesty) .PELC . 6655 • Free Public Secondary Education Act of 1988 • It is the policy of the State to provide free secondary education to all qualified citizens and to promote quality education at all levels.10% o From Year 1 70.261 (41%) PERFORMANCE INDICATORS • Completion Rate o From Grade 1 48.PELC .440 o Public 4. BSE (4 years) First year to Fourth year • Stage of free formal education following the elementary level below college level corresponding to four (4) years of high school • Can be attained through alternative learning system OBJECTIVES: • To continue to promote the objectives of elementary education • To discover and enhance the different aptitudes and interests of the student so as to equip him with skills for productive endeavor and/or prepare for tertiary education Republic Act No.791.50% • Participation Rate 66.PELC .PELC Kalusugan (Value for Health) .06% • Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) 79.. BASIC STATISTICS • Enrolment .371 (21%) • Schools .632 (59%) o Private 3.241.
TIME ALLOMENT. 5 times a week (+ CAT in Year IV). 1.5 unit credits MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION • ENGLISH for English. once a week (Years 1-3).5 unit credits • Science: 1 hour 20 min daily. Araling Panlipunan (Social Studies) and Edukasyon sa Pagpapahalaga (Values Education) SCHOOL YEAR • First Day of Classes – First Monday of June • Last Day of Classes – Last Friday of March • Not less than 200 school days Monday through Friday • Four Grading Periods of 10 weeks each . 1.FUNCTIONS OF BSE • Conducts studies and formulates. Health (MAPEH): 1 hour 4 times a week (Years 1-3). Science.2 unit credits. PE and Health (MAPEH) • FILIPINO for Filipino.2 unit credits o Edukasyon sa Pagpapahalaga (Values Education): 1 hour. 1 hour. Mathematics.2 unit credits • English: 1 hour daily 1. Physical Education. UNIT CREDITS • Filipino: 1 hour 4x a week.5 unit credits • Mathematics: 1 hour daily 1. prepares instructional materials and prepares and evaluates programs to upgrade the quality of the teaching and non-teaching staff at the secondary level LEARNING AREAS.3 unit credit. 1. 1 unit credit o Technology & Livelihood Education: 1 hour 4x a week. develops and evaluates programs and educational standards of secondary education • Formulates guidelines to improve the general management of secondary schools • Develops curricular designs. 1 hour twice a week o Music.Technology and Home Economics (TLE) and Music. Arts. 0. Arts. 1. 2 unit credits • MAKABAYAN o Araling Panlipunan (Social Studies): 40 minutes daily.
orientation workshops for Math Trainers (MTs) o Cluster School Based in-service Training for Practicing Teachers (PTs) o Orientation Workshop for School Heads o Forum in Best Practices on the use of ICT in Teaching and Learning CURRICULUM ENHANCEMENT • w Preparation of Prototype Lesson Plans • w Finalization of Learning Competencies • w Development of Learning Competencies for Special Program in Journalism • w Revisiting the Curriculum o Vocational Technical Education (Technology & Livelihood Ed) o Science & Technology-Oriented Curriculum • w BEC Congress BRIDGE PROGRAM • Development of Learning Competencies and Instructional Materials • Distribution of Materials • Pilot Implementation POPULATION EDUCATION • Training of Teachers and School Heads • Materials Development • Population Quiz • Search for Best Program Implementers • PopEd Annual Convention SPECIAL PROGRAMS • CONSTEL .Curriculum Development Division PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS TEACHER TRAINING • Strong Republic Schools (SRS) Distance Learning Program o Training of Teachers on the Use of Multimedia Materials and Proj EASE Modules • Project EASE o Materials Development o Teacher Training • Intel Teach to the Future Program o Enhancement.
o Video Materials Development .
* Seniors cannot transfer schools . pull weeds in garden * Violators – Bring Parent. BEST PRACTICES IN SCHOOLS SCHOOL RULES/DISCIPLINE PLAN • Morning Assembly .Prayer .polo shirt with school patch . Suspension and Expulsion (cannot enroll in any division city schools—student is out of school for a year or can enroll in the provinces) * Transferee – student can move to another school only after the second quarter.students will have ID number picture. clean grounds.skirts with specified length (may differ per school) • Identification Card . This curriculum has more advance science subjects and research based. IV. for emergency and parent contact * Schedule of student at the back – prevent skipping * Security guard in all gates ( one gate for entry and exit) * Late Student– Flag Ceremony. blood type. emergency contact numbers and schedule at the back of ID * picture and other information – prevent trespassing.School/ City/Nationalistic Songs • School Uniform (students and Teachers) . thumbmark. staff and students . Students are scholars of the Department of Science and Technology.haircut (4x4/3x4 for boys) . Teacher Training o LCs and Materials Development SPECIAL SCIENCE CURRICULUM Special high schools for the academically gifted students in science and mathematics are provided in different regions in the country.• Citizenship Advancement o Finalization of Modules • Regional Science HS o Testing.Morning Exercise .Flag Ceremony in the morning before school starts . signature.all faculty.
Stand and greet teachers.teachers V.raise hand and stand to answer a question when called . classmates and visitors with respect .bring parent for any violation or tardy .Unlocking of Word Difficulties .Use of Objective boards .* No bell to signify start and end of classes so teachers need to dismiss classes 3 minutes before time so students can move to the next class. Classroom Rules .Assignment of Groups – cleaners.Technology/Application/Integration to other subjects .form lines outside the classrooms and when walking on hallways .Values Integration .Recall for correlation .Lesson Proper .Common prayer to start the day . bulletin board . erase the board.experiments.Students clean classrooms (Cleaners of the day – students are divided into groups assigned to water plants in classroom.Checking of Attendance: student secretary of the class will ask the different group leaders to report attendance by group. Secretary post the day’s attendance. Leaders will check the members attendance per group. Classroom Routines . . BEST PRACTICES IN CLASSROOMS 1.Motivation . Practices .Daily Assessment ( 5 multiple choice question) 2. arrange chairs and sweep the floor ( before and after the class) – develop leadership and teamwork .Use of proficiency chart and attendance chart .excuse letters for absences 3. * Canteen/Cafeteria – Lunch of students is by class depending on schedule * Feeding Program – Free Lunch for Selected students with low socio-economic status * Command of responsibility in schools: Principal – department chairs .
Peer Assessment Professional Development that works! . Explain .Teaching Strategies ( Innovative teaching strategies) .Predict. Teaching Strategies .Higher Order Thinking Skills Questioning .VI. Observe.Modular Instruction .Peer Tutoring .Globalizing Classroom .Demonstration Lessons (best Practices by different selected teachers) .Computer Aided Instruction .STS – Science Technology and Society .SMILES (Simulated Multiple Intelligence Learning Environment Strategy) .Learning Stations .Technology based .Content Training (learning the content for each subject) .Cooperative Learning .Filipino Culture Based Learning .Values Integration .TOYS ( Use of toys in learning) .Research Based Learning ( Introduction of research subjects first to fourth year) .Hands-on Activities .
Explanation of the value of raising hands for Filipinos to get students to internalize raising hands to get permission .Teaching Filipino Culture for topics of relevance to lesson .SMILES approach .VII.Using music to convey lesson .Learning Respectful words in Filipino Values Integration in Lessons and SMILES approach VALUES INTEGRATION IN PHYSICS CLASSROOMS Measurement – Honesty in Business Laws of Motion – Following rules Inertia – Safety in Driving Acceleration – Preventing Drag Racing Free Fall – humility Density and Specific Gravity – Honesty vs.Conservation of Energy Friction. value for Life and family Projectile – Love of peace and not of war.MI Profiling (determining my students multiple intelligence.Use of TOYS and indigenous instruments to teach concepts .Technology Integration in Lesson (Inquiry on Technology: How things work) . dominant intelligence and recessive intelligence) . Filipino Teaching Practices that I tried and worked in the US: .Safety vs.Peer Assessment per group ( Teen-Rubrics!) .Cooperative Learning and learning stations . Frugality .Integrating Values in every lesson in Physics .Assignment of Leaders . respect for life Circular Motion – Trust Mirror – Self Reflection Sound – Respect for others and places that need silence Electricity.Forming line when moving from one classroom to another .Peer tutoring .
It helps us to realize that education is fundamental and essential to every person and every nation.SMILES APPROACH This study has been used by manila public schools in teaching different subjects in different intelligences. and improve attendance of students. The result is higher achievement. Every country may have their own practices which may work in their countries and may not work for others. may lack chairs. The Philippines. less discipline problems. One other reason is the competition in jobs requiring college graduates to get good jobs. It provides us a venue to know that what every country it is. lack technology equipment needed for learning. This helps students enhance their dominant skills and improve their weaker intelligences. A classroom of 50 students may have only one textbook. more engagement. the school brings out the need for teachers who stay and make a difference not only in the classroom. But the great deprivation of a lot of things may have been one reason why Filipinos have very high regard for education. But the beauty of learning from each country’s efforts to educate your minds and form young hearts in different methods from different cultural backgrounds is the purpose of this session. Each lesson is designed to make the classroom a simulated learning environment for different intelligence to learn at the same time. being a third world country is one of those low economic countries providing low budget for education. (see study on separate hand out) VII. . nor in his or her own country but … makes a difference in the world. Conclusion There are a lot of practices in the Philippine schools that have worked through the years.
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Select the sites below and start sharing. Link account Link account Readcast this Document edit preferences Download this Document for Free Redefining Philippine Education for the Filipino Youth: a Term Paper on Philosophy of Philippine Education Philippine Education has gone through an evolution year after year as product of the challenges and circumstances that we are faced with. From the philosophy that education should make us “civilized” so we can actually lead our own government during the American to Commonwealth Period.o o o o o o o o o My Documents My Collections My Shelf View Public Profile Messages Notifications Settings Help Log Out þÿ þÿ / 7 Reading should be social! Post a message on your social networks to let others know what you're reading. our leaders have seen theimportance of education in nation building. liberating our countrymen from .
When a good education is provided to the Filipino youth. teachers should explain that a good writing skill is needed when you apply for a job someday and that in order for a business to prosper. there should be a well-written business plan. Our history has been a witness to the continuous pursuit of our country to improve the system of our educationin order to address the demands of the time. Based on the concept of Pragmatism that “what works is what is true. They too have recognized that education is everyone’s rightand thus. Filipino youth should be provided learning experiences that will help them understand the importance of acquiring skills in accordance with their future careers. again and again.com 2 | Redefining Philippine Education for the Filipino Youth: a Term Paper on Philosophy of Philippine Educat ion Elydia R. we have seen the failure of the several reforms caused by budget constraints. PDF Creator . theanswer to these problems is education itself. For example.. corruption and moral degradation of the people handling educational institutions and agencies. political sabotage.poverty and in promoting social justice. gain respect of the people and fellow leaders. it should be provided by the government. 2010 Education shouldEmpower a Filipino Youth.pdf4free. Reyes. My personal philosophy of Philippine Education can be best discussed in the wordE-D-U-C-A-T-I-O-N. July 4. When we look deeper. we can produce future morally upright leaders who do not entertain corruption and who can manage our resources well and thus.0 http://www.. and yet. . instead of just asking the children to write for their theme writing in English and Filipino subjects.PDF4Free v2.” as early as grade school age.
Psychology dictates us that each student has unique learning needs and thus. social consciousness should start again in grade school where students should be taught about their roles in the community.PDF4Free v2. There should be a constant integration of values across all subjects across all levels. This is very evident now with the Civic Welfare Training Service (CWTS) in college.Education shouldDevelop the innate potentials of a Filipino Youth. and the likes. In relevance with Socialism. Education shouldCultivate moral values as education without character is meaningless. the children can have a field trip in a nearby farm for active participation learning. Because it is not only through lecture that he/she learns about the subject matter. acting.0 http://www. dancing. God has given us respective talents and potentials which should be further developed through education. A student who discovers that he/she is good say in arts would better appreciate arts subject and its meaning. As what Existentialism promotes. but it is through making of outputs like painting. July 4. 2010 For Science. Education shouldUnite the nation and bridge the disparity of the social classes. Reyes. a man lives with his/her community and thus. PDF Creator .pdf4free. an individual gives meaning to the world. if a student is equipped with moral values. singing. he/she can show respect to fellow students which can allow better classroom discussion and open learning among the students and even with the teacher. education should provide an avenue for a learner/student to impact change to the community he/she belongs. instead of just discussing how plants grow. But I guess.com 3 | Redefining Philippine Education for the Filipino Youth: a Term Paper on Philosophy of Philippine Educat ion Elydia R. There should be a set .
This can be made possible despite of budget deficiencies through the government and private sector partnership. the government can mandate all private sectors to participate in the “Adopt a school Program” of the Department of Education whereas a private company should adopt at least one school as part of their corporate social responsibility project. We can use storytelling radio drama style to incorporate lessons in Science.PDF4Free v2. Character.pdf4free. . Perhaps. Creativity and Commitment to Achieve. English and other subjects. There are several private schools which the Dep-Ed can benchmark with like that of Southville International School and Colleges which is dedicated to equipping their learners with the 5Cs-Competence. University of Perpetual Help is guided with their mission of “Character building is Nation Building. the role of mass PDF Creator . Reyes. July 4. Another school. Each school should be guided with its own mission and vision. Ilac Daza who recently launched the use of “bottles and other scraps” in building classrooms. As what mentioned earlier.com 4 | Redefining Philippine Education for the Filipino Youth: a Term Paper on Philosophy of Philippine Educat ion Elydia R. Math.of moral values from the central office of the Department of Education which will be cascaded to the different public schools nationwide. 2010 media especially the radio should be recognized. Radio dramas can help educate the Filipinos in far flung provinces.” Education shouldAbolish social injustice. Moreover. education should be made available not only to the rich but to everyone.0 http://www. Collaboration. We can also tap Mr.
He/she might not land a job right away after graduation. requires partnership with the private sector. they will be more inspired to pursue that dream. I suggest that NSAT should be given at least four to three months prior to students taking entrance exams in universities so the result can guide them in a way. PDF Creator . A student say who wants to be a journalist can have an apprentice work every Saturday in Manila Bulletin. 7686 (Dual Training System Act of 1994).A. No.PDF4Free v2.0 http://www. This program of course. And it cannot be denied that the reality is that everyday. Inquirer or other newspapers. Idealism tells us that a glass is half full and not half empty. the industry changes and without us knowing. A student should be provided a training ground for leadership. This is where elective classes in high school come in. Education shouldInitiate change. Philippine Star. what might be the demand today will not be the demand tomorrow. we can have a curriculum designed similar to the R.” Children are very much driven to fulfil their dreams and with proper guidance from the educational institutions.Education shouldTeach lifelong skills.com Redefining Philippine Education for the Filipino Youth . We can have an apprentice type of program whereas grade six students are provided opportunities to do practicum training of their “career dreams. Realism dictates that reality is made up of natural laws. He/she does not only know how to bake but also how to do electronic works. For Grade Six students. but he/she can start a business. Education should therefore make a student aholistic individual.pdf4free.
Reyes Ads by Google Get Your MBA 100% Online With A Distance Learning MBA From London School Of Business & Finance LSBF.Download this Document for FreePrintMobileCollectionsReport Document This is a private document. Never see ads on Scribd again.uk/Distance-MBA English preschool Rome From pre-nursery through kindergarten Education in Rome www. No Thanks Share & Embed . Info and Rating describe philippine philippine philosophy schools life youths youth problems values education (more tags) Elydia R.littlestardaycare.com Sign Up for an Ad-Free Scribd • Remove all ads.org.tapestryofgrace.it Free Curriculum Trial Try 3 weeks of an award-winning homeschool curriculum for free! www.
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