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Union Minister Dr. Pe Myint inspects Union Minister inspects power plants as
Hinthada District IPRD office energy consumption reaches peak demand

Vol. V, No. 294, 15 th Waning of Pyatho 1380 ME Monday, 4 February 2019

Vice President U Henry Van Thio opens Ngawon Bridge

(Laymyethna) in Hinthada District, Ayeyawady Region
T HE Union Govern-
ment has been prior-
itizing the development of
development drive endeav-
ours to ensure equitable
development in all regions
infrastructure, including and states,” he said.
supply of electricity and “As the Ayeyawady Re-
road transport, which are gion lies on a delta, it is the
the main requirements for rice bowl of Myanmar. With
socioeconomic progress of its natural waterways, big
the people, said Vice-Presi- and small, the region has
dent Henry Van Thio at the rich water resources. The
opening of the Ngawon region also has unspoiled
Bridge (Laymyethna) in sea beaches and offshore
Hinthada District of Ay- natural resources, such
eyawady Region. as natural gas. With sev-
“The Myanmar Sus- eral rivers and streams
tainable Development running through it, the
Plan 2018-2020 adopted in region primarily relies on
2018 involves setting up water transport, which is
prioritized infrastructures the cheapest form of travel,
that support sustainable but it is slow and, in some
development and differ- cases, people need other
ent businesses, under the modes of transport to reach
three-goal framework of destinations which are far
prosperity and cooperation. from the port.
The government’s national SEE PAGE-3

Vice President U Henry Van Thio opens the Ngawon Bridge (Laymyethna) on Laymyethna-Khattu-Pandawgyi Road in Hinthada District, Ayeyawady Region yesterday.  PHOTO: MNA

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Thai cultural delegation pays respect to Bhamo Sayadaw, visits Bago

A delegation led by the Minister Art and Archaeology of South
for Culture of Thailand, Mr. Vira East Asia, and party explained
Rojpojchanarat, paid respect to the heritage conservation pro-
Chairman of State Sangha Maha grammes.
Nayaka Committee, Bhamo The delegation then visit-
Sayadaw Bhaddanta Kumara ed the Zabu Oak Shaung Myat
Bhivamsa yesterday. Phone Khaung Pagoda in Min-
The Minister for Culture of galadon Township, and also ob-
Thailand, along with Myanmar served Myanma heritage items
Theravada Buddhist Federa- and fossils conserved by the
tion and Border Areas and Hill company.
Region Sasana Nuggaha As- In the afternoon, the dele-
sociation (Central) Chairman gation paid homage to the Maha
Wunna Kyaw Htin Dr. Khin Shwe Zedi Pagoda in Bago built by
reported on religious matters King Bayintnaung, donating
to Sayadaw Bhaddanta Kumara cash to the Pagoda Board of
Bhivamsa. Trustees. The delegation then
Afterwards, the delegation visited the Kanbawzathadi Gold-
led by Minister for Culture of en Palace, and departed from
Thailand, visited Zaykabar Mu- Yangon by Thailand airline in
seum in Thanlyin where Eliz- the evening.—Min Thit (MNA) Minister for Culture of Thailand Mr. Vira Rojpojchanarat donates offertories to Chairman of State Sangha Maha
abeth Moore, Professor in the (Translated by Kyaw Zin Tun) Nayaka Committee, Bhamo Sayadaw Bhaddanta Kumara Bhivamsa yesterday.  PHOTO : MIN THIT (MNA)

Union Minister Dr. Pe Myint

inspects Hinthada District
IPRD office
THE Union Minister for Infor- the staff to upgrade community
mation, Dr. Pe Myint, yesterday centres by turning them into plac-
visited the office and library es where people can meet, and
(Community Centre) of Hinthada which are useful, reliable, and
District’s Information and Public valuable to the public, making
Relations Department (IPRD) in them an essential part of every
Hinthada Township of Ayeyawady town. He also asked the staff to
Region. conduct reading circles and pub-
The Union Minister first in- lic talks under the Community
spected the mini-museum, chil- Centre’s book club, in accordance
dren’s reading room, and library with guidelines, and urged them
at the District IPRD office, and to do their best to increase their
then met with the staff. capabilities.—District IPRD Union Minister Dr. Pe Myint inspects Hinthada District Information and Public Relations Department
The Union Minister urged (Translated by Kyaw Zin Tun) yesterday.  PHOTO : DISTRICT IPRD

Khanti Island in Palaw Township benefits from solar-power

and Germany. from fiscal years 2016-2017 to an official of World Bank and a
At the ceremony, Union Min- 2017-2018, the ministry electri- representative of GIZ also gave
ister for Agriculture, Livestock fied 230,000 households of 4074 speeches. Region Minister for
and Irrigation Dr. Aung Thu said villages and over 30,000 public Agriculture, Livestock and Ir-
the government is implement- buildings through single-house rigation U San Myint discussed
ing the Nation Electrification solar power distribution system. regional development undertak-
Project (NEP) to supply power He said the ministry has ings and future programs.
for the rural people, beginning electrified 45 villages and im- The Union Minister ob-
2016-2017 fiscal year. plemented 34 projects with the served the distribution of solar
The Ministry, on its part, is help of World Bank and GIZ, a power that was generating elec-
implementing the off-grid pow- German cooperation agency. tricity for micro production busi-
er distribution project, with the The single-house solar power nesses, and a tailoring course
use of single-house solar power distribution system and micro conducted under the Village
distribution system. power distribution system are Development Program (VDP)
in accord with the NEP pol- being implemented in accord and selling sewing machines in
icy, regions which cannot get with the norms of NEP, with the installments.
power from the national grid funds of the region government. The whole project to electri-
Union Minister Dr. Aung Thu inspects regional development in 10 to 15 years, regions which Thanks to the NEP, the whole fy the entire Khanti Island was
undertakings in Taninthayi Region.  PHOTO : MNA
are at least 10 miles from the Khanti Island including Taung- implemented at a cost of over K
A ceremony to electrify the tion project was jointly imple- national grid, and villages where khaunglaung, Kalamakaung, 1,483 million. So, the islanders
entire Khanti Island in Palaw mented by the Ministry of Agri- public contribution for the cause Khanti and Pyingyi villages can can now use electronic appli-
Township, Taninthayi Region culture, Livestock and Irrigation, is not possible are put in the pri- be electrified. ances and micro and cottage in-
was held yesterday morning. under the Nation Electrification ority list. Ambassador of Germany dustries.—MNA (Translated
The island power distribu- Project (NEP), the World Bank Within a two-year period Mrs Dorothee Janetzke Wenzel, by TMT)

Vice President U Henry Van Thio opens Ngawon Bridge (Laymyethna)…

Thanks to efforts made by
successive governments, Ay-
eyawady Region now has intra-
and inter- road and waterway net-
works,” said the Vice-President.
“The launching of an air trip
between Yangon and Pathein, the
capital of Ayeyawady Region, has
ensured further convenience to
both local and foreign travelers.
The region now has 1,862 miles of
roads and, with the opening of the
1,968-foot Ngawon Bridge, it now
has 99 bridges measuring more
than 180 feet. Necessary rein-
forcements will be made at Wak-
hema Bridge, Laputta (Pinlelay)
Bridge, Shwelaung Bridge, and
Kyungon Bridge, to increase their
Vice President U Henry Van Thio and party pose for a documentary photo at the inauguration of the Ngawon Bridge (Laymyethna) on Laymyethna-
longevity. The new Myaungmya Khattu-Pandawgyi Road in Hinthada District, Ayeyawady Region yesterday.  PHOTO: MNA
Bridge will be opened in April
2019. The completion of major and they should strictly follow Afterwards, Union Minis- for Ayeyawady Region and oth- high. It can withstand loads of
bridges will improve transport the directives laid down by the ter for Construction U Han Zaw er officials formally opened the up to 75 tons. The bridges de-
for regional people and bring de- President, he added. explained the salient points of bridge. This was followed by the partment under the Ministry of
velopment to multiple sectors,” “The government has been the bridge project, and the Chief Vice-President and the attendees Construction began building the
he said. implementing multi-sector re- Minister for Ayeyawady Region U posing for documentary photos. bridge on 18 November, 2016.
“The Union Government is forms and development projects Hla Moe Aung highlighted under- After the Vice-President un- In the afternoon, the Vice
trying to use the most effective in keeping with the slogans — takings for regional development. veiled the stone plaque, he and President inspected bank erosion
means, without financial wastage, ‘Time for a change’, ‘Togeth- other officials sprinkled scented in Zalun Township, Hinthada Dis-
to implement projects in the in-
terest of the nation, the regions,
er with the people’, and ‘The
strength of unity’. The success
The completion water on it. At the briefing hall of
the project, the Vice-President
trict, and visited the place where
a new bank will be built. At the
and the states. Local people and of the reforms will depend on full of major bridg- heard a report on completed briefing hall, the Vice President
officials concerned must cooper- support from the people. So, the bridges, bridges under construc- and party heard a report on pre-
ate to ensure there is no wastage people of the Ayeyawady Region es will improve tion, and future projects in the re- ventive efforts, building of a new
of public funds and the facilities are urged to continue their in- transport for gion for the fiscal year 2018-2019. bank to stop erosion, preventive
offered are of good quality. The volvement in the government’s Measuring 1968.5 feet, the measures against bank erosion
President has already urged reforms. Officials concerned regional people Ngawon Bridge (Laymyethna) near a village in Zalun Township,
quality control in building infra-
structure,” he said.
must take responsibility and
ensure accountability for the
and bring devel- is located on Laymyethna-Khat-
tu-Pandawgyi Road in Hinthada
pest infection of corn fields in Ay-
eyawady Region and spraying of
The Vice-President said the quality of the infrastructure be- opment to multi- District, Ayeyawady Region. Its pesticides.
government is putting an admin- ing constructed for national de- foundation was laid with 1.2-me- In response, the Vice Pres-
istrative machinery in place for velopment, as taxes paid by the ple sectors tre bored piles, its body was ident said the number and rate
shaping a democratic system. public are being used. The people built with reinforced concrete, of bank erosions has increased
Administrative officials at all lev- should also lend a helping hand the main structure was erected in the region. So, the regional
els must discharge their duties in maintaining the infrastructure. using steel box girders and paved government must take preven-
fairly, within the framework of All ethnic brethren must strive Thereafter, the Vice-Pres- with reinforced slabs. tive measures, curb illegal pro-
law, and ensure public freedom in harmony and unison in build- ident and officials watched stu- The bridge has a 24-foot wide duction of sand and stones in
and security, he said. The admin- ing a democratic federal union dents perform traditional dances. road, flanked by 3.5-foot walk- the watercourses and complete
istrative machinery should not with solidarity, consolidation, and Then, the Union Minister for Con- ways. The bridge’s clearance the new bank before the onset of
become a burden for the people, love,” said the Vice-President. struction and the Chief Minister area is 173 feet wide and 20 feet monsoons. —MNA (Trs: TMT)

Vice President U Henry Van Thio and party inspect bank erosion in Zalun Township, Hinthada district yesterday.  PHOTO: MNA

Camps, training camps of Assam, Kathe insurgents captured near NSCN (K)
w w w.glob al n ewl i g hto f myan mar.c o m
Camp which bases around Takar Village of Naga Self-Administered Zone
DEPUTY CHIEF EDITOR T h e m a p s h o ws c a m ps o f N S C N(K ) a n d o th er insurgents T h e m a p s h o ws c a m ps o f N S C N(K ) a n d o th er insurgents
Aye Min Soe N N


Kyaw Myaing

Zaw Min
Zaw Htet Oo
Win Ko Ko Aung


Ye Htut Tin,
Takar Kankaw Takar Kankaw
Tun Tun Naing (Editor),
Nwe Nwe Tun (Sub-editor), 'vl; Daluu
Lonemat Lonemat

TRANSLATORS Hlachan; Hlachan

Khaing Thanda Lwin,
Hay Mar Tin Win,
Ei Myat Mon
Kesankyandone Kesankyandone
Kyaw Zin Lin
Kyaw Zin Tun

REPORTER Titetee Titetee

Nyein Nyein Ei,
Wannpala Wannpala

PHOTOGRAPHER Intention Intention

Kyaw Zeya Win @ Phoe Khwar Position of NSCN(K) and other insurgents Position of NSCN(K) and other insurgents

COMPUTER TEAM Conflict Area Conflict area

Tun Zaw, Thein Ngwe,
Zaw Zaw Aung, Ye Naing Soe,
Hnin Pwint, Kay Khaing Win, A combined security force com- bilaterally-agreed Takar region gathered and analyzed together Kathe and Assam insurgents re-
Sanda Hnin, Thein Htwe prising Assam rifle troops and po- in order to carry out peace and with ground information. Hence, sided and relevant documents on
lice under control of Indian Army stability and development tasks suspected evidences were firmly links with NSCN (K).
(+95) (01)8604529,
arrested five men and four wom- in Naga region. Sometimes, the found that some Assam and Kathe Moreover, a military col-
Fax — (+95) (01) 8604305 en, totalling nine from NDFB-S military columns discharging se- insurgents deploy their strengths umn on duty of taking security
armed group (the National Dem- curity duties in the region enter in NSCN (K) Camp near Takar measures in Tonzang Township
ocratic Front of Bodoland-Sang- the sites of NSCN (K) group and Village in Naga Self-Adminis- of Chin State on 30 October 2018
San Lwin, (+95) (01) 8604532,
Hotline - 09 974424114 bijit) along with small arms such connect with them under con- tered Zone of Sagaing Region performed appropriate security
as AK-47 and AK-45, pistol and tinuous monitoring and provide and its surrounding areas in the operations against an MPA Kathe
ADVERTISING & MARKETING ammunition near Jagun Village of necessary assistance, said the disguise of NSCN (K) group and insurgent camp, 800 metres north
( +95) (01) 8604530,
Hotline - 09 974424848
Tinsukia District at the boundary news released by the Office of the may conduct military training. of Khota Village and captured the between Assam State and Aruna- Commander-in-Chief of Defence As such, military columns went camp together with five assorted chal Pradesh State on 2 Decem- Services. there to perform proper security small arms, ammunition, related
ber 2018. Whenever the Tatmadaw measures. equipment, MPA badges and their
Printed and published at the Global New
Light of Myanmar Printing Factory at Indian news agencies name- finds suspects, the Tatmadaw al- The Tatmadaw could occu- utensils.
No.150, Nga Htat Kyee Pagoda Road, Bahan ly Indian Defence News, TIMES- ways warns them to maintain the py two outposts and two training As the NSCN (K) violated
Township, Yangon, by the Global New Light NOWNEWS.COM, the Shillong agreements and promises as part schools about 6,500 meters and the sub-paragraphs (C, D and E)
of Myanmar Daily under Printing Permit No.
00510 and Publishing Permit No. 00629.
Times, Daily News & Analysis of considering their peace attitude about 2,800 meters in the south- of paragraph (1) of the prelimi-
(DNA) stated that those insur- and prestige of group because it west of Takar Village, one tempo- nary agreement signed with the gents who have attended the is an organization which prelim- rary outpost about 1,800 meters in Sagaing Region Government for
military training at their camp inarily agreed to secure peace. the north of Takar Village and one building peace, necessary action
inside Myanmar were arrested The related information outpost around 1,600 meter in the will be taken against the NSCN
while making attempts to re-enter mentioned that NSCN (K) group west of Takar village respectively (K). No opposing organizations
India. allows some illegal armed groups, from 29 January to 1 February. to India are allowed to reside in
Based on preliminary scruti- which are opposing India, in dis- The Tatmadaw arrested Naga Self-Administered Zone.
ny, the information was exposed guise of NSCN (K) group and six members of NSCN (K), two Tatmadaw columns will go on
that it may be related to NSCN (K) to live in the area near their members of the Kathe insurgents, taking security measures for the
group. As NSCN (K) group signed camps. As Myanmar holds the along with 11 small weapons of prevalence of regional stability
the preliminary agreement on concept that it does not allow and different kinds and ammunition and peace, according to the news
securing peace with the Sagaing accept bases of any insurgents and related items. released by the Office of the Com-
Region government, it was al- opposing each government from Moreover, the Tatmadaw mander-in-Chief of Defence Ser-
lowed to temporarily base in the neighbouring countries, news was took hold of the evidence that vices.—MNA

Write for us
We appreciate your feedback and Cold storage zone for fruits, crops to be established in PyinOoLwin
contributions. If you have any comments
or would like to submit editorials,
analyses or reports please email AUTHORITIES are planning to agro-based food in the export prod- Mandalay yesterday. The new idea products even about ten days, we establish a cold storage zone for ucts. We have a plan to establish came after the watermelon and saw losses. To overcome such kind
with your name and title.
Due to limitation of space we are only fruits and vegetables in PyinOoL- an industrial zone for value-added muskmelon farmers faced huge of business obstacle in the future,
able to publish “Letter to the Editor” win, Mandalay Region, according foods in PyinOoLwin, Mandalay losses due to temporary closure we need cold storage factories,”
that do not exceed 500 words. Should
you submit a text longer than 500 words to U Aung Soe, Permanent Sec- Region,” said U Aung Soe, at the of a border checkpoint at the My- said U Myo Thu, Director of the
please be aware that your letter will be retary of Ministry of Commerce. workshop on development of anmar-China border in December. Ministry of Commerce.—Ei Mo
“We are planning to include oil crops and edible oil sector in “As we can not store the export Mo Khaing (Translated by KZL)

India halts pulses imports; mung bean prices hit three-month low
INDIA’S provincial court is- 150,000 tons each on mung bean
sued a notice halting impor- and green grams, and 200,000
tation of pulses and beans on tons on pigeon peas between
30 January, prompting Indian mid-June and August. India
merchants to stop purchases, bought the entire quota of mung
which led to prices of mung beans and thereafter, some mer-
beans sliding to a three-month chants continued to import the
low in the domestic market, beans to fulfil local demand by
said traders at the Bayintnaung applying for special licences.
commodity depot. Mung bean was priced be-
Before the end of January, low K600,000 per ton on 22 Oc-
mung bean RC was fetching tober 2018 and the rate bounced
K700,000 per ton. On 2 February, back to K988,000 per ton on 6
the prices slipped to K574,000 November, 2018 on the back of
per ton — the lowest in three increasing demand from India.
months. Mung bean was priced Myanmar is trying to work
K576,000 per ton on 18 October. out a government-to-govern-
India’s move to restrict im- ment (G-to-G) agreement so
portation of pulses in August that growers and traders do not
2017 has severely affected grow- suffer on account of changes in
ers in Myanmar. Before the re- Indian policy on importation of
strictions were put in place, the pulses.
prices stood at K800,000 per ton, Myanmar’s mung beans, A farmer sprays beans plants in Kangyidauk Village, Ayeyawady Region.  PHOTO : PHOE KHWAR
but by 8 May, 2018, mung bean pigeon peas, and green grams
prices had plummeted sharply are primarily exported to In- stan, Nepal, Malaysia, and In- Myanmar ships over 1 mil- grams, and pigeon peas make
to K382,000 per ton. dia. Although Myanmar pulses donesia, the volume of exports lion tons of different varieties up a majority of the exports.
In early May, India an- and beans have penetrated the to those countries is extremely of pulses to other counties an- —Maung Sae Aung/ Ko Htet
nounced an import quota of markets of Bangladesh, Paki- low. nually, and mung beans, green (Translated by Ei Myat Mon)

Trade with Malaysia Mandalay region has raked in FDI of $5.7

down 17% in Nov: bln: Dr. Zaw Myint Maung
Ministry of Commerce THE Mandalay region invest-
ment committee has permitted
rum 2018, which was held from 9
to 11 November last year at the
dalay is of working age. Under
the new Myanmar Investment
foreign direct investments total- Mandalay Convention Center, Law, enacted in 2017, the MIC has
MYANMAR-Malaysia bilat- ic devices and semi-finished ling US$5.7 billion from over 70 showcased investment oppor- delegated powers to region and
eral trade stood at US$103.5 goods. foreign enterprises so far, said tunities and local products, and state authorities when it comes to
million in November, the During the 2018 mi- Mandalay Region Chief Minis- included a study tour to the in- permitting investments, a move
second month of the present ni-budget period (April- Sep- ter Dr. Zaw Myint Maung at the dustrial zone and potential invest- aimed at encouraging business.
2018-2019 fiscal year, down by tember), the ministry’s sta- Invest Myanmar Summit 2019, ment sites in Mandalay. The Regions and States Invest-
$21.4 million or 17.15 per cent, tistical report showed that held on 28 January. A trading and logistics hub in ment Committees are allowed to
as against the same period Myanmar-Malaysia hit $600 Foreign businesses have Upper Myanmar, Mandalay is the grant permissions to local and
last 2017-18 FY, the Ministry million, increasing by over $66 invested in the manufacturing, second largest city in the country, foreign proposals, where the in-
of Commerce reported. million than that of the cor- tourism, and power sectors, and with a population of more than itial investment does not exceed
The current bilateral responding period last year. other services in the region, he 1.4 million people. As Myanmar K6 billion, or $5 million. The Man-
exports topped $30.9 million, Trade between the two said. As the ancient capital of My- is among the Greater Mekong dalay Region investment com-
while bilateral imports to- nations was over $1 billion anmar, Mandalay has more than Subregion (GMS) countries, mittee was formed in July last
talled $72.5 million. Compared in the last 2017-2018 FY, $980 300 intangible cultural heritage the region is targeting greater year. Among the regions, Yangon
with last FY, this FY saw an million in the 2016-2017 FY, assets such as the gold embroi- industrialization and econom- attracts about 60 per cent of both
increase in value of bilater- $750 million in the 2015-2016 dery business, and traditional ic development. Mandalay is a local and foreign investments,
al exports by $14.7 million, FY, over $1 billion in the 2014- arts and crafts, said Dr. Zaw My- trade hub and centrally located, followed by Mandalay at 30 per
however, the current import 2015 FY, over $940 million in int Maung. He invited business- factors which help create a host cent, while the remaining invest-
value decreased by $36 mil- the 2013-2014 FY, $458 mil- es to invest in the culture-based of investment opportunities in ment flows into other regions and
lion. lion in the 2012-2013 FY, and tourism sector. the region. In addition, 68 per states. — GNLM/(Translated by
At this time during the $455 million in the 2011-2012 The Mandalay Business Fo- cent of the population in Man- Ei Myat Mon)
2017-2018 FY, the bilateral ex- FY.
port was $16.24 million when The Myanmar Invest-
bilateral import was $108.7
million, totalling $124.9 mil-
ment Commission approved
two projects from Malaysia
Agro exports up $76 mln in Oct-Jan
lion. with an investment of $1.179 MYANMAR’S exports of agricul- the natural gas sector. The chief to China’s tight confiscation on
Top export/import prod- million in the current FY. tural products between 1 October items of export in the agricultural some agro products, including
ucts between the two coun- Malaysian investment in My- and 25 January in the current fis- sector are rice and broken rice, rice, since the second week of
tries cover marine products, anmar during the six-month cal year increased to over US$1 pulses, corn, and rubber. Fruits October. The Commerce Min-
clothing, forest products, ag- period totalled $7.34 million. billion from $969.8 million in the and vegetables, sesame, dried istry is working to help farm-
ricultural commodities, oil, Its investments in Myanmar corresponding period of the 2017- tea leaves, sugar, and other agro ers deal with challenges such
consumer goods, plastic ware, in the previous 2017-2018 FY 2018 FY, according to the trade products are also shipped to oth- as high input costs, procure-
chemicals, stone and glass, were $21.8 million.—Swe Nye- figures released by the Ministry er countries. ment of pedigree seeds, high
footwear, minerals, metals, in of Commerce. In the exports Agricultural exports have cultivation costs, and erratic
construction appliances, wire, (Translated by Khaing sector, the agriculture industry not seen a remarkable increase weather conditions.—Ko Htet
medical products, electron- Thanda Lwin) performed the best along with in terms of trade value owing (Translated by Ei Myat Mon)

Union Minister U Win Khaing

inspects power plants as
energy consumption reaches
peak demand
Myanmar’s national power electricity, and make sure there
grid currently generates 3,586 were no power outages. They
Megawatts with almost half of then inspected the power plant.
it (1,548.23 MW) consumed by The Thilawa natural gas
the Yangon Region. As peak load power plant is located in the Thil-
in summer approaches, U Win awa Special Economic Zone in
Khaing, Union Minister for Elec- Yangon Region. It uses Yadanar
tricity and Energy, inspected the offshore natural gas to power
Thilawa natural gas power plant, the two 25 MW Hitachi H-25 gas
Thakayta power plant, and the turbines to provide the electric-
TM-2500 mobile power plant un- ity needed to swiftly develop
der preparations to cope with the the SEZ. In addition, the two Union Minister U Win Khaing inspects a power plant during his tour of inspection in Yangon
yesterday.  PHOTO: MNA
increasing demand for electrical turbines each utilize Japanese
energy. water injection technology to awa power plant provides elec- ister and entourage arrived at funds in 2017. The Yangon Elec-
Firstly, the union minister boost generation by 5 MW with- tricity to the national power grid the Thakayta power plant, gave tricity Supply Corporation hand-
and entourage arrived at Thila- in a short period of time without via the 230 KV Kamanat power instructions as necessary, and ed responsibility of the project
wa natural gas power plant and using up extra natural gas. line and the 230 KV Thanlyin inspected the power plant. who began fully operating the
instructed officials to regularly This project was initiated power line. It also provides 33 The TM-2500 mobile power mobile power plant to supple-
perform maintenance checks in 2015 using US$126 million KV to Thilawa SEZ via 12 feeders plant generates 25 MW and was ment the peak load in the sum-
on the power plant and the ma- acquired from the Japan ODA and 33 KV to Kyauktan Town- initiated by the Yangon Region mer after accomplishing suc-
chinery to ensure they run at full Loan. Construction of the plant ship. Government using K30 billion cessful test runs in 2018. — MNA
capacity, implement safety from was completed in 2016. The Thil- Afterwards, the union min- from the President’s special (Translated by Zaw Htet Oo)

Ministry of Health and Sports coordinates City Cancer Challenge 5th Japan
UNION MINISTER for Health He said we must work towards We must acquire the sup- ation and make changes to the
and Sports, Dr. Myint Htwe,
attended a presentation on C/
pain reduction for cancer pa-
tients and early prevention of
port of the Union Government to
enforce restriction on food and
process in accord to the registry
while laying down priority tasks.
Festival held
Can2025; City Cancer Challenge cancer. Global Can has predicted other items that can lead to can- Next, Dr. Rolando Camacho, THE 5th Japan Myanmar Pwe
Yangon City, held at Chatrium the number of cancer patients cer, such as prohibiting the sale Senior Special Advisor to City Taw (festival) was held at Thu-
Hotel in Yangon yesterday. around the world will increase of cigarettes and tobacco leaves Cancer Challenge, delivered wunna Bumi Event Park in Yan-
The City Cancer Challenge but we must work together in all near schools and banning sales some remarks. He explained gon yesterday, with the aim of
is a collaboration between the relevant sectors to prevent the of these items to children under that UICC began the City Can- exchanging Japan-Myanmar
ministry and The Union for predictions from coming true 18, said the Union Minster. cer Challenge two years ago by friendship cultures.
International Cancer Control and to reduce cancer rates in He said work has began on collaborating with the govern- State Counsellor Daw
(UICC). our country. compiling the national Cancer ment of major cities, organiza- Aung San Suu Kyi sent a video
Speaking at the event, the The union minister said the Registry and will allow further tions from the private sector, message to the festival, saying
Union Minister said there are key messages of the cancer re- understanding of cancer occur- philanthropic organizations, that Japan-Myanmar friend-
many cancer deaths around duction initiative can be found rences and systematic purchase INGOs and NGOs. He said they ship is like cherry flowers which
the world, adding that there on the Ministry of Health and of medicine and medical equip- are implementing the program faithfully blossomed every year
many cancer patients and can- Sports’ website and social net- ment to combat it. He said we in four major cities in Myanmar, freshly and beautifully.
cer deaths in Myanmar as well. work pages. must analyze the present situ- including Yangon, to transform Japanese Ambassador
them into key learning cities and to Myanmar, officials and Ja-
a role model to implement in the pan-Myanmar business per-
rest of the major cities around sons were present at the fes-
the world. tival. In the Japan-Myanmar
Afterwards, Prof. Dr. Ye friendship festival, traditional
Mya, Chairman of the Work- items, clothing and foods of Ja-
ing Committee on Yangon City pan and Myanmar were sold.
Cancer Challenge Program, ex- Artists from Japan Nat-
plained Yangon’s involvement in sukawa Rimi and Morisaki Win
the program. This was followed entertained the public, along
by Laura Solia Shellaby, Lead of with Myanmar artists, Bunny
City Health Financing LabMs of Phyoe, G Fatt, Ni Ni Khin Zaw,
UICC, explaining the City Can- Ah Moon, Pan Yaung Chel,
cer Challenge Global Program, Chan Myae Mg Cho and Pro-
and Dr. Aung Naing Soe, Project ject K band.
Manager for Yangon City Cancer The aim of the festival is to
Challenge of UICC, explaining cement mutual understanding,
the process concerning the pro- to strengthen Japan-Myanmar
gram. friendship, and to exchange tra-
Next, attendees asked ques- ditional culture and customs of
tions to the officials and partic- the two nations. — Kyaw Zeya
Union Minister Dr. Myint Htwe addresses the City Cancer Challenge Yangon City at Chatrium Hotel in Yangon ipated in discussions. —MNA (MNTV)/ Translated by Kyaw
yesterday.  PHOTO: MNA (Translated by Zaw Htet Oo) Zin Tun

Press Release
CBM is introducing the market-based Reference Exchange Rate starting from February
5, 2019, which is simply a snapshot of actual market rates for the given day

T HE CBM is currently setting the Reference Exchange Rate based on the cut-
off rate of its two-way foreign exchange auction, which was introduced in 2012,
in order to facilitate the development of the foreign exchange market. The two-way
To promote public awareness, the CBM will change reference rate publication
form on the first page of its website, where public can see interbank and bank-cus-
tomer market exchange rates and market weighted average rate, which will be same
foreign exchange auction worked well to help foreign exchange market development as reference rate (see table 1).
and price discovery. The size of the interbank market increased from just USD 0.01
billion in 2013-2014 financial year to USD 2 billion in 2017-2018 financial year and con- Table 1: Example of Reference Exchange Rate publication form on the first page
tinues developing (see Figure 1). Therefore, the Central Bank of Myanmar is moving of the CBM website
forward to a new step of development: to determine Reference Exchange Rate as Weighted-average (WA) Market Exchange Rate
market-based weighted average rate in line with the international best practices of MMK per USD - Date: 29th Jan 2019
the central banks. Reference Exchange Rate
(WA market rate)
Figure 1: Interbank Foreign Exchange Market volume by financial years
Interbank Market WA Rate 1521.7

Bank-customers Market WA Rate 1522.3

• CBM announces daily Reference Exchange Rate every working day at

4:00 PM, based on deals between 9:00 AM and 3:00 PM.
• Methodology on determination of Reference Exchange Rate is available
• MMK Exchange rate for other currencies are available here (forex.
The Central Bank of Myanmar also calculates and publishes the Reference
Exchange Rates of other foreign currencies of Myanmar Kyat (cross-exchange
rates), which will be determined according to the rate on international markets
or the issuer country’s domestic interbank foreign exchange market.
It should be noted that the Reference Exchange Rate is an indicative (not oblig-
atory) rate. Participants in the foreign exchange market are not required to use it in
their foreign exchange transactions. To settle Customs obligations, accounting and for
statistical purposes, the Reference Exchange Rate of the previous day can be used.
The Reference Exchange Rate of the Myanmar Kyat against the U.S. Dollar To increase data availability for the public, the CBM will publish new data on daily
will be calculated as the volume weighted average exchange rate of interbank and Nominal Effective Exchange Rate (NEER) and monthly Real Effective Exchange
bank-customer deals during the day. Rate (REER).
The CBM will also change publication time of Reference Exchange Rate to 4:00 One of the objectives of the CBM’s foreign exchange operations is to smooth
PM, when all data for the day is available. In the current system, the CBM uses last excessive short-term volatility of the exchange rate. Therefore, the CBM is working
business day’s weighted average rate to set reference rate in the morning, which to develop foreign exchange operations to better serve this objective and dampen
can create misalignment from current market exchange rate, especially after long excessive volatility in the market as needed. The CBM will communicate more details
holidays or weekends. New mechanism will help to avoid this misalignment, as ref- about the new instrument as necessary.
erence rate will be published in the same day. The Central Bank of Myanmar

Dy Minister for Information inspects

school textbooks at Photolitho Printing
Press, meets with GNLM staff in Ygn
DEPUTY MINISTER for Infor- in the factory. for school children. The printing
mation U Aung Hla Tun inspect- After hearing the report, of the school textbooks for the
ed the printing of school text- the Deputy Minister held dis- 2019-2020 Academic Year is cur-
books at the Photolitho Printing cussions with officials of the rently carried out by the Minis-
Press and met with the editorial Ministry of Information and try of Information and Ministry
Deputy Minister U Aung Hla Tun inspects printing of school textbooks at
team of the Global New Light Ministry of Education about of Education.
the Photolitho Printing Press in Yangon yesterday.  PHOTO: MNA
of Myanmar at Ngahtetgyi Pa- the completion of the printing Following the meeting,
goda Road in Bahan Township of school textbooks in a timely the deputy minister visited the
yesterday. manner and while meeting the Global New Light of Myanmar, a
The deputy minister arrived set standards, along with work joint-venture daily, and met with
at Photolitho Printing Press, site safety, measures to be taken the editorial team and newspa-
which is part of the Printing and for security in the factory and per staff.
Publishing Department, at 1 pm preparing for disasters. Also dis- At the meeting, the dep-
and inspected the printing of cussed was the planning for an uty minister discussed with
school text books for the 2019- around-the-clock power supply, the editorial team the issues
2020 academic year. transporting school textbooks of newsworthiness, quality and
In the meeting room at the to schools nationwide without maintaining flawless standards
factory, the Director-General damaging them and ensuring at the newspaper, along with
of the Printing and Publish- they arrive on schedule, and of- coordination to ensure fulfilling
ing Department and officials fering access to the Information the needs of the staff.—MNA
Deputy Minister U Aung Hla Tun meeting with staff of the Global New
reported on work performed Ministry’s Shwe Thwe journals (Translated by GNLM)
Light of Myanmar in Yangon yesterday.   PHOTO: MNA

Unity can be Eternal spirit and strength of Panglong 72nd Anniversary (2019)
achieved with
Union Day National Objectives
By Yay Chan (Mann) San was invited to hold talks in

political foresight
London, and Sir Gibert Laith- 1. All ethnic nationals to work with collective strength for

HE Union Day which waite, the permanent secretary of non-disintegration of the Union, non-disintegration of
falls on 12 February the British Foreign Ministry, was national unity, perpetuation of national sovereignty; and to
2019 (Tuesday) is the dispatched to Yangon to explain work for preservation and protection of the above.
72nd anniversary of the the matter. So, the rays of hope for 2. To strive for the emergence of a Constitution that is in align-
signing of the Panglong Agree- ment and harmony with the Democratic Federal Union.

independence started to beam as
YANMAR has witnessed two significant events in ment by General Aung San and aspired by the AFPFL under the 3. To strive for the success of the Union Peace Conference
its long and unique history in the month of Febru- ethnic leaders, with the resolution leadership of General Aung San – 21st Century Panlong and thence till the success of the
ary. On 12 February, the Panglong Agreement was of living in equality and unity of and the entire people. internal peace process.
signed after a mutual agreement was reached with the people. As a public leader, General 4. All union nationals to cooperate and work in “Unity and
ethnic leaders to ensure freedom across the highlands and central In accordance with the Aung San made preparations for Harmony” for rule of law and for the people to be secure
Myanmar. On 13 February falls the birth anniversary of Bogyoke speech General Aung San had the prevailing and future situa- and free from danger.
Aung San, the leader who opposed colonialism and fascism and delivered at the London meeting tions according to his vision, be- 5. All union citizens to be able to enjoy good education and
led the charge for independence. Bogyoke’s birth anniversary is to take the opinion the people of fore leaving for London. He went adequate health care protection.
also commemorated as Children’s Day. the hill regions, preparations were to Taunggyi and Loikaw in Shan
Bogyoke Aung San took on the mantle of a national leader made to hold the Panglong Con- State on 23 December 1946, held
at quite a young age. Since his schooldays, he had cherished a ference in February 1947. Follow- talks with local leaders and held
wish for national independence, which he carried throughout ing their discussions, which they public meetings.
his life. Bogyoke Aung San’s achievements were many, and he held till 11 February 1947, leaders
was known by several monikers and held many titles — Student of hill regions and General Aung The promise of General Aung
Council Leader Ko Aung San, Dobama Asiayone Thakin Aung San made a resolution to restore San
San, the founder of Myanmar’s Tatmadaw (known colloquially independence together. The executive body of My-
as the father of the Tatmadaw), and President of the Anti-Fascist The representatives of anmar governor declared its ac- Myanmar Daily Weather Report
People’s Freedom League. Kachin, Chin and Shan ethnic ceptance of the invitation of the (Issued at 7:00 pm Sunday 3rd February, 2019)
A true politician at heart, races together with General Aung British government under the ap-
U Aung San had a great love San signed the Panglong Agree- proval of AFPFL on 26-12-1946. A
What we for his country and made virtu- ment, with the united and firm 16-member delegation under the BAY INFERENCE: Weather is generally fair over the North
ous and tireless efforts for the spirit of joining hands together for leadership of General Aung San Bay and a few cloud to partly cloudy over the Andaman Sea and
all need to good of the people. A visionary the emergence of an independent A monument celebrating the sense of national unity enshrined in the Panglong Agreement. Photo: L Sai was then formed. elsewhere in the Bay of Bengal.
understand now in his approach, he exercised
temperance in his actions.
State, at 10 am on 12 February
that year. It is a milestone in the
The delegation held talks with
the British government at noon FORECAST VALID UNTIL AFTERNOON OF THE 4th Feb-
is we are living In his speech at the Pan- history. It was a time the whole coun- of Konbaung dynasty, Myanmar on 13-1-1947. In his response to ruary, 2019: Rain is likely to be isolated in Taninthayi Region.
glong Sawbwas’ dinner recep- General Aung San, represent- try was suffering from pain and fell under colonialist rule for cer- the greetings extended by Prime Degree of certainty is (60%). Weather will be partly cloudy in
in an age where tion on 11 February 1946, the ing the Myanmar government, agony. About that fact, well-known tain reasons. The efforts to achieve the Minister Attlee, General Aung San Upper Sagaing Region, Kachin and Mon States and generally
no country Bogyoke said: “I want Myan- Shan chieftains and public rep- monk portrayed the intense feel- Before the Panglong Agree-
Panglong Agreement always
said that Myanmar people aspired fair in the remaining Regions and States.
mar to be free and united. We resentatives of Kachin and Chin ings of the whole country in his ment independence; that as for him in-
can remain
are milestone in the history of
began finding solutions for our states, totaling 23 attended the poem. The efforts to achieve the dependence means freedom for STATE OF THE SEA: Sea will be slight to moderate in Myan-

indifferent to the freedom and unity ten years Panglong Conference and signed
The Union
Panglong Agreement always every part of the country includ- mar waters. Wave height will be about (3-5) feet off and along

rest of the world.

ago. And we will continue to
do so until we have achieved
the Agreement. The Border In-
vestigation Committee, formed Human race first began to
are milestone in the history of
independence struggle of the independence struggle of the ing the frontier areas of ethnics
such as Kayin, Kachin, Shan and
Myanmar Coasts.

All nations must

absolute freedom. What we all
need to understand now is we
after the Panglong Agreement
was signed, toured from Myitkyi-
evolve thousands of years ago on
the land now called Myanmar. Na-
Anti-Fascist People's Freedom
League (AFPFL) under the lead-
Anti-Fascist People's Freedom Kayinni; that in his view Myanmar
should be granted independence
isolated rain in Taninthayi Region.

learn to coexist are living in an age where no

country can remain indifferent
na to Loikaw. tionalities settled down in areas
along the banks of Ayeyawady,
ership of General Aung San. The
then military administrative bod-
League (AFPFL) under the within a year starting from that
date. He exactly represented the FORECAST FOR NAYPYITAW AND NEIGHBOURING
and interact with to the rest of the world. All na-
tions must learn to coexist and
The dark period
According to history, the
on the Shan hills and other plac-
es. They then migrated to other
ies tried to crush General Aung
San and the AFPFL through vi-
leadership of General Aung San. desire of the people.
General Aung San endea-
AREA FOR 4th February, 2019: Generally fair weather.

each other. interact with each other. One Third Anglo-Myanmar War broke places of the country, living in the olent means. But Lord Mount- vored for the independence for FORECAST FOR YANGON AND NEIGHBOURING AREA
of the aims we must adopt is out after the colonialists declared length and breath of the Union as batten, the then military chief, the entire Myanmar including FOR 4th February, 2019: Generally fair weather.
combining the strength of Indochina, Indonesia, and other Eastern war on Myanmar on 11 November Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Mon, understood well that the arrest of the plains and hill regions, with
countries. While we cannot be on friendly terms with the British 1885. On 14 November, the com- Myanmar, Rakhine and Shan eth- General Aung San would surely be uary 1947, or face the resignation all-out efforts, goodwill and bril- FORECAST FOR MANDALAY AND NEIGHBOURING AREA
in a master-and-servant type of relationship, I hope we can be bined colonialist force of nearly nic races. met with strong public resistance. Ultimatum for independence of the AFPFL government. liant leadership abilities. At the FOR 4th February, 2019: Generally fair weather.
partners in an equal and free world.” 10,000 soldiers under the com- Bagan, which is dotted with The confrontation between On 27-9-1947, Chairman of The British government same time, he was striving hard
We can see a glimmer of U Aung San’s political foresight from mand of Maj-Gen Prendergast large number pagodas, Inwa, the AFPFL and Governor Dor- AFPFL General Aung San en- dared not ignore the demand of to attain the united strength of
this excerpt. His idea to work hand in hand with the countries of sailed on Ayeyawady River on Shwebo, Amarapura, Yadanabon man-Smith lasted for about a year. tered the executive body of the the AFPFL. Prime Minister Attlee the ethnic peoples of hill regions.
the world, right as the Second World War ended, echoes a very board 47 ships of Irrawaddy Flo- (Mandalay), Toungoo and Bago At last, Dorman-Smith had to go governor and formed the cabinet. gave a speech in connection with The people of Myanmar in-
modern concept on unity that parallels the ASEAN and EU’s tilla, and passed Thayet. The war stood as the royal capitals of My- back to his country on 14-6-1946 in The Sir Paw Tun government, a the independence of Myanmar cluding youths and students cher-
organizational integrity. lasted only 14 days till King Thi- anmar, where Buddhism flour- accord with the public call for his colonial stooge, fell. An accord at the lower house of Britain on ish and remember the struggles of
His thoughts on internal politics were astute as well. “While baw was dethroned. King Thibaw ished, in history. resignation and departure. The was reached to give General Aung 21-12-1946 as follows: General Aung San and the AFPFL
there will be minor differences in beliefs and perspectives, it is and Queen Suphaya Latt were de- Noblemen, powerful kings, AFPLF launched a campaign to San a prime minister level post In his speech, Prime Minister government, leaders, the Pan- Call
every national’s duty to rally together and drive back foreign ported at 5.45 pm on 29 November wise court ministers and brilliant rally public participation in the and to form an interim govern- Attlee expressed the desire of his glong Agreement, and the public Thin Thin May,
oppressors, even at the cost of one’s life,” he said. 1885 onboard the Thuriya vessel. generals appeared in Myanmar general strike in September. All ment. General Aung San declared government to grant Myanmar support and involvement in the
“When we go into battle, our commanding officer may be a From that time on, Myanmar since Bagan era. Some of them employees of the road transport, to regain independence within independence soonest wheth- independence struggles. They too 09251022355
Kayin, Kachin, or any ethnic national, but we must obey them all fell under rule of a western power. are renowned internationally. inland water transport, saw mill a year. er the country joined the Brit- should also safeguard the nation.
the same,” said Bogyoke Aung San. The colonialist’s initial military Gallant Myanmar leaders, workers, dockyard workers, com- The executive body of the ish Commonwealth or not, and On this 72nd Anniversary Day 09974424848
In the same spirit as our beloved Bogyoke, we earnestly policy (1885-1890) was: who cherished the religion, cul- munications employees, govern- AFPFL issued an important ensure autonomy for Myanmar of Independence, I pray for the
request all entities working towards peace and reconciliation (1) to exile the Myanmar king tural traditions, had defended ment employees and even the po- statement on 8 November 1946, people through the quickest and ever flourishing of the value of
in Myanmar to have the foresight and love for our nation as the (2) to put the whole country to- the country against alien inva- lice force, which was the bastion demanding the colonialist govern- easiest means. It’s a significant the independence and Panglong
architect of our independence had in his heart. tally under their control sion during the respective pe- of the colonialists, took part in the ment to give a definite answer in chapter of Myanmar’s independ- spirit and strength, the essence of
(3) to end the race and the mon- riods. Sadly, during the time of strike that thundered all around connection with the independence ence struggle. the Union, in the hearts of all the
archy King Thibaw, the 11th monarchy the country. of Myanmar not later than 31 Jan- A team led by General Aung people of Myanmar.

Foreign businesses fret as China fast-tracks

investment law
BEIJING (China)—China is report, a summary of which was
fast-tracking a foreign invest- seen by AFP.
ment law at an unprecedented The December version de-
pace to meet Washington’s de- bated by lawmakers is consider-
mands on trade, but businesses ably shorter—by over 130 fewer
fear that time to review and raise articles—than the previous 2015
objections on a crucial piece of draft.A section describing how
legislation has been cut short.The the government will scrutinise
law will eliminate the require- foreign investments for poten-
ment for foreign enterprises to tial national security concerns
transfer proprietary technology is limited to two sentences in the
to Chinese joint-venture partners. December version—simply stat-
It also includes other steps to ing that China would establish a
level the business playing field review process and that decisions
that Western trading partners would be made according to law.
have long demanded. China’s The earlier version had a
parliament is expected to vote on beefy five-page chapter detail-
the legislation in March—barely ing how companies could appeal
two months after debating a first security rulings, plus examples of
draft. “It is indeed unprecedented factors that could trigger a securi-
that the bill is being moved by ty review, said Jacob Parker, vice
the NPC (National People’s Con- president of China operations at
gress) at such a fast pace,” Wang the US-China Business Council.
Jiangyu, an expert on Chinese But the latest draft stipulates
The clock is ticking on a 1 March US-set deadline for China to address trade concerns and avert an escalation in
law at the National University of that all national security review
their tariff war.  PHOTO: AFP
Singapore, told AFP. “Normally decisions are final, implying no
it would take one to three years surfaced late last year, Wang said. line for China to address trade to submit feedback from mem- administrative or legal appeals
for a bill to be passed and signed It was only submitted to China’s concerns and avert an escalation bers this week. were possible.
into law.” rubber-stamp legislature for a in their tariff war.“What we feel Both the EU and American
Foreign businesses worry first reading on December 23, and with this piece of legislation is Falling short trade chambers are also urging
the draft glosses over details and made available for public com- that it’s been squeezed between Although the legislation China to consider having a single
that vague language leaves room ment until 24 February. the normal legal process and the covers several pain points high- Company Law to govern both
for broad interpretation. For ex- The top decision-making negotiation table (to defuse) the lighted by US President Donald foreign and domestic enterprises,
ample, it gives China the right to body of the legislature convened trade conflict,” the president of Trump including safeguarding as is common in many countries.
expropriate foreign investment a special two-day session this the EU Chamber of Commerce foreign capital from government “It’s now time to make sure
“for the public interest”, which past Tuesday to debate another in China, Mats Harborn, told AFP. “interference”, it falls short in oth- that all companies are seen as
foreign business groups fear “updated version”, state news “In our view this is a little er key areas, the business lobbies making the same positive contri-
could be abused. agency Xinhua reported.The law unfortunate because this is an said. “The current draft law is bution to China when it comes to
will probably be approved during important piece of legislation high-level and general” and re- growth, employment, taxes, R&D
Ticking clock the parliament’s roughly 10-day that will have an effect... on all quires more detailed guidelines and so on. There shouldn’t be a
A draft law was first pub- annual session which opens on foreign companies.”Both the EU and implementing measures, the distinction based on where the in-
lished for comment in 2015 but 5 March, Wang said. The clock is and American chambers of com- American Chamber of Commerce vestment comes from,” Harborn
was quickly shelved until it re- ticking on a 1 March US-set dead- merce in China said they rushed in Beijing wrote in its feedback said.— AFP

Iraq and Jordan launch oil, trade deals China’s heavy truck sales
BAGHDAD (Iraq)—Iraq resumed oil deliveries to needs through a pipeline project that would con-
remain robust in January
neighbouring Jordan on Saturday as the premiers
of both countries met along their shared border
nect Basra on the southern tip of Iraq with the
Jordanian port of Aqaba.
as part of a bid to boost trade. The two countries said Saturday they had
Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdel Mahdi met begun studying its construction. BEIJING—China’s heavy highly related to the economic
with his Jordanian counterpart Omar al-Razzaz at In January, Jordanian King Abdullah II made truck manufacturers reported climate in China and usually in
the Treibil border crossing, referred to as Al-Kar- his second trip to Baghdad in more than a decade strong sales last month, point- line with major economic indi-
ameh in Jordan, which reopened in August 2017. after a flurry of meetings between senior officials ing to continued vitality in the cators, such as the purchasing
The only crossing between the two countries of both countries. broader economy. managers’ index (PMI).
was shuttered in 2014 as the Islamic State group For its part, Iraq is looking for solutions to Some 96,000 heavy-duty The manufacturing PMI
swept across Iraq, but was reopened after Iraqi its chronic electricity shortages.To secure an ex- trucks were sold in January came in at 49.5 in January,
forces pushed back the jihadists.Baghdad declared emption from US sanctions on Iran, Baghdad has in China, up 16 per cent from slightly up from 49.4 in De-
victory against IS in late 2017. announced plans to curb its reliance on electricity a month ago, according to cember, the National Bureau
On Saturday, the two sides agreed that Iraq supplied by Tehran and buy power from Jordan,, an auto industry of Statistics said earlier this
would provide Jordan with 10,000 barrels of crude Turkey and Kuwait.The two premiers agreed Sat- information service provider. week.
a day transported by truck from oil-rich Kirkuk urday that Jordan would begin providing electricity The performance was sat- Analysts believe a sta-
province, Jordan’s official Petra news agency said. to Iraq “in less than two years”, according to Petra. isfactory as it remained high ble economy, truck upgrades
Transport costs would be taken into account The two sides also agreed to lift Iraqi taxes on and notched the second-best of transport companies and
under the deal, according to Petra, and the pos- hundreds of Jordanian products, and to establish January in recent years, al- stricter environmental rules
sibility of Baghdad granting discounts to Amman a joint industrial zone along the border, accord- though moderating from the contributed to the vigorous
has upset some Iraqis. ing to statement issued by the prime minster’s same period a year ago. heavy truck market.—Xinhua
Amman is pushing to meet its hydrocarbon office.—AFP Heavy truck sales are

Protesters mass in Venezuela, UK’s May says she is

“armed with fresh” Brexit
for and against Maduro mandate
CARACAS (Venezuela) — Pro- Carrying Venezuelan flags duro until Sunday to call “free
testers flowed into the streets and blowing horns and whistles, elections” or they will recognize
of Caracas on Saturday, with Guaido’s supporters planned Guaido, the head of the opposi-
flags and placards, many to to converge on the European tion-controlled National Assem-
support opposition leader Juan Union headquarters in eastern bly, as the crisis-torn country’s
Guaido’s calls for democratic Caracas from five staging areas acting president.
elections and others to back around the city. Underscoring the high
embattled President Nicolas The EU and major Euro- stakes, a Venezuelan air force
Maduro. pean powers have given Ma- general announced on Saturday
he rejected Maduro’s “dictato-
rial” authority and pledged his
allegiance to Guaido, in a video
posted on social media. A video grab from footage broadcast by the UK Parliament’s Parliamentary
The pro-Maduro forces Recording Unit (PRU) shows Britain’s Prime Minister Theresa May as she
speaks during the weekly Prime Minister’s Questions (PMQs) in the House
were rallying in the western
of Commons in London on 30 January, 2019.  PHOTO: AFP
side of the city to mark the 20th
anniversary of the rise of power LONDON (United Kingdom )— jority in the House of Commons
of the late Hugo Chavez, the British Prime Minister Theresa for leaving the EU with a deal,”
leftist firebrand who installed May said on Sunday she would she wrote.
a socialist government. be “armed with a fresh mandate “When I return to Brussels
Maduro, Chavez’s hand- and new ideas” when she meets I will be battling for Britain and
picked successor, is facing the European Union negotiators over Northern Ireland, I will be armed
most serious challenge to his her Brexit deal. EU officials have with a fresh mandate, new ideas
legitimacy yet, with the Unit- insisted that the deal is not open and a renewed determination
ed States, Canada and nearly for renegotiation.But May wrote to agree a pragmatic solution”.
a dozen Latin American coun- in the Sunday Telegraph that she The EU insists that the deal “re-
tries piling on pressure for his would be “battling for Britain and mains the best and only way to
removal from office. Northern Ireland” in her efforts to ensure an orderly withdrawal,”
Hundreds of members of a get rid of the agreement’s unpop- but with the clock running down
civilian militia, public workers ular backstop provision. until the March 29 exit date the
and people who have benefitted “If we stand together and risks of a no-deal Brexit for both
from the government’s social speak with one voice, I believe we Britain and the bloc are coming
programmes began to concen- can find the right way forward,” into sharp focus. May said op-
trate in the downtown Avenida she said. The backstop is intend- position leader Jeremy Corbyn
Bolivar in a show of support for ed to ensure there is no return “also believes the potential in-
their beleaguered leader. to a hard border with Ireland, definite nature of the backstop
Although the rally was but Brexit supporters fear it will is an issue”, and that the EU has
called by Maduro, it was not keep Britain tied to the EU’s cus- “already accepted the principle
known if he would attend. toms rules. MPs voted last week of ‘alternative arrangements’ su-
If he does, it would be the to send May back to Brussels to perseding the backstop should it
first time he has appeared in renegotiate the clause, suggest- ever be required.” The backstop
public since 4 August, when ing her deal would then be able to would kick in if Britain and the
he claimed to have been the pass after it was roundly rejected EU have not agreed a trade deal
target of an exploding drone at in parliament last month. on their future relationship after
Opposition leader Juan Guaido (bottom-C) delivers a speech before a military parade in Caracas. “I am now confident there a time-limited transition period
thousands of supporters, in Caracas on 2 February, 2019.  PHOTO: AFP
— AFP is a route that can secure a ma- of up to two years.— AFP

‘Yellow vests’ hit German streets in DISTRIBUTORS WANTED

pro-diesel protest
FRANKFURT AM MAIN (Germany)— told AFP.
Hundreds of people demonstrated on “Tens of thousands of people are af-
Saturday in Stuttgart, the bastion of Ger- fected and can’t afford to buy a new car”
many’s car industry, against a recent following the court-ordered ban, he added.
driving ban on older diesels, wearing yel- Environmental organizations last year
low vests to match protesters in France took to the courts to push through similar
whose movement began as a reaction to driving bans in many German cities where Habasit, the worldwide leading manufacturer of conveyor
proposed fuel hikes. Since 1 January, only emissions exceed European Union limits.
and power transmission belt from Switzerland, is looking for
diesel vehicles meeting the Euro 5 emis- Judges ordered Berlin, Mainz, Hamburg
professional distributors for sales and distribution of Habasit
sions standard are allowed into Stuttgart, and Bonn to limit some diesels’ access,
home of Mercedes-Benz maker Daimler, while parts of a motorway near Essen will products and services in Myanmar.
Volkswagen subsidiary Porsche and the be closed to the cars. Interested parties, please contact Mr. Hung for further details.
world’s biggest car parts supplier Bosch. In response, the Stuttgart organizers
The demonstrators held banners saying have asked people to hit the streets clad Mr. Trinh Nam Hung, Country Manager
“Pro-diesel” and “Diesel drivers mobilise” in the yellow high-visibility vests that have Phone: +84 8881 4458 9
as they gathered outside a car emissions defined months of protests in France— Email:
centre. “What’s happening to people is themselves triggered by an increase in
unjust,” joint organiser Vasilos Topalis tax on diesel.—AFP

Tokyo, Beijing agree to step up

preparations for Xi’s visit to Japan
BEIJING—Japan and China said.But the official told report- ing Japan, with both expressing
agreed on Saturday to accel- ers that Mori and Wang did not willingness to promote high-level
erate preparations for Chinese touch on a specific timeframe reciprocal visits.Sino-Japanese
President Xi Jinping’s visit to of the Chinese president’s visit. ties have been improving recent-
Japan later this year, as the two If realized, Xi would become ly as 2018 marked the 40th anni-
nations have pledged to promote the first Chinese president to versary of the signing and en-
reciprocal visits by their leaders, make an official trip to Japan tering into force of the Treaty of
a Japanese government official since May 2008, when Hu Jintao, Peace and Friendship between
said. Xi’s predecessor, did so as a state Japan and China.
At their meeting in Beijing, guest.Japanese Prime Minister In May 2018, Chinese Pre-
Japanese Senior Deputy Min- Shinzo Abe has invited Xi to vis- mier Li Keqiang visited Japan
ister for Foreign Affairs Takeo it Japan on the occasion of the for the first time since he became
Mori and Chinese Foreign Min- Group of 20 summit in Osaka China’s head of government in
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (l) and Chinese President Xi ister Wang Yi confirmed Xi’s vis- in June. 2013. Prior to that, the last Chi-
Jinping shake hands at the outset of their talks on the sidelines of a it to Japan would be “the most At a summit with Abe in nese premier to make an official
Group of 20 summit in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 30 November, important schedule” this year Beijing last October, Xi said he visit to Japan was Wen Jiabao in
for the two countries, the official would “seriously” consider visit- 2011. —AFP

China opposes US withdrawal from INF Bomb threat shuts Australia

BEIJING (China)—China on Saturday
said it opposes the US decision to withdraw
es,” echoing warnings by both Russia and
Europe that the pull out might lead to a international airport
from a landmark Cold War nuclear missile new arms race.
treaty and urged Washington and Russia Washington also has an eye on China SYDNEY (Australia)—One of Aus- complex appearance “indicates just
to hold “constructive” discussions. as the INF pact restricts the United States, tralia’s busiest international air- the extraordinary lengths that a per-
Moscow and Washington have long but not the rising Asian power. ports was locked down after a man son has gone to to create perception
accused the other of violating the key In- US officials say that some 95 per cent brandished a knife and made a bomb of risk, threat and fear”.The device
termediate-Range Nuclear Forces agree- of China’s ballistic and cruise missiles—a threat at a food court, prompting trav- looked like a small, black safe with
ment, which was signed in 1987 and re- core part of Beijing’s defence strategy— ellers to flee in panic, officials said on wires sticking out of it, according
solved a crisis over Soviet missiles. would violate the INF treaty if China were Sunday.Queensland state police said to a photograph released by police.
The US has said a new Russian me- a party to it. they evacuated Brisbane Airport’s The man, who was taken into
dium-range missile system breaches the Trump said the United States was international terminal late Saturday custody by police, is due to face court
INF Treaty and on Saturday President suspending its obligations as of Saturday after finding a “suspicious device” on Monday. The terminal was reo-
Donald Trump said the country was sus- and starting a process to withdraw in six when they responded to reports of the pened after two hours.There have
pending its obligations under the treaty —a months. China’s foreign ministry ruled 50-year-old man, who spoke Arabic, been growing fears of terror-linked
move mirrored shortly after by Moscow. out the possibility of negotiating a new threatening a woman. attacks by radicals inspired by Is-
“China is opposed to the US with- multilateral pact that includes Beijing. Terrorism was later ruled out as lamic State and other groups, with
drawal and urges the US and Russia to Brokered by US president Ronald the cause and the man was charged a foiled effort to target an Etihad
properly resolve differences through Reagan with last Soviet leader Mikhail with domestic violence offences, flight with a crude bomb in Sydney
constructive dialogue,” Chinese foreign Gorbachev, the treaty ended a superpower falsely claiming to destroy or damage in 2017.Canberra introduced sweep-
ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang said buildup of warheads that had frightened an aviation facility, and making a hoax ing new security laws last year that
in a statement. Europeans, banning ground-launched mis- bomb threat.The device was found included allowing Australian police
Geng warned the US decision could siles with a range of 500 to 5,500 kilometres to be “inert”, but Queensland Police to conduct random identity checks
trigger “a series of negative consequenc- (around 300 to 3,400 miles).—AFP Commissioner Ian Stewart said its at airports.—AFP

Indian train derails killing six

NEW DELHI (India)—At least six passengers were killed and more than 20 injured on Sunday
after an express train derailed in eastern India’s Bihar state, officials said.Nine coaches of
the Delhi-bound Seemanchal Express came off the tracks early Sunday near Sahadai Buzurg
station, about 30 kilometres (20 miles) east of the state capital Patna.“Six people have died
and nearly 24 have been injured,” Indian Railways spokesman Rajesh Kumar told AFP.Local
television footage showed huge crowds gathered near the accident site as emergency workers
cleared the upturned wagons.Rescue teams with sniffer dogs sifted through the damaged
carriages looking for trapped passengers.
Most of the travellers were asleep when the train travelling at 55 kilometres (34 miles) an
hour came off the tracks around 4:00 am (2230 GMT Saturday).“I was sleeping and suddenly
there was a big bang and found myself under a pile of bags,” passenger Mahesh Kumar told
reporters.A “rail fracture” caused the accident, Indian Railways said in a statement after an
initial investigation.The company promised a thorough probe of the accident, which came
days after the Indian government said it had improved rail safety.Cash compensation of
500,000 rupees ($7,000) would be given to the relatives of those killed, the railways ministry
said. Railways minister Piyush Goyal on Friday had claimed to have improved rail safety after
a series of deadly accidents spooked the country.Goyal told parliament that all unmanned
rail crossing had been eliminated, one of the main causes of train collusions in India.India’s National Disaster Response Force and police personnel along with onlookers stand next
railway network is the main form of long-distance transport, but has been lagging in improving to derailed carriages after a train came off the tracks near Hajipur on the outskirts of Patna
its infrastructure, often leading to disasters.—AFP in India’s eastern Bihar state on 3 February.  PHOTO: AFP

‘Once in a century’ floods US thaws from Arctic deep freeze

hit northeast Australia
SYDNEY (Australia)—Once in a century floods have turned
as death toll climbs
streets into rivers and forced thousands to abandon their CHICAGO (United
homes in northeast Australia, with authorities warning States)—A brutal cold spell
of further downpours over the next few days. Australia’s that paralyzed the US Mid-
tropical north experiences heavy rains during the monsoon west, freezing water mains,
season at this time of the year, but the recent deluge has causing power outages and
surged far above normal levels.Thousands of residents in canceling flights, eased on
the city of Townsville in northeast Queensland were without Friday, with forecasts pre-
power and up to 20,000 homes are at risk of being inundated dicting a rapid thaw. The
if the rains continue.Military personnel were delivering tens two days of intense cold
of thousands of sandbags to affected locals, as Queensland from the so-called polar
Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk warned residents to be vortex that descended on
careful.“It’s basically not just a one in 20-year event, it’s a the US Midwest and North-
one in 100-year event,” she told reporters on Saturday.The east will go down in mem-
Bureau of Meteorology said a slow-moving monsoonal ory for its scenes of winter
trough was sitting above northern Queensland state, with at its most bitter.
some areas expected to receive more than a year’s worth Blocks of ice floated
of rain before conditions ease. down the river that runs
“We could see the rain intensify into early next week through downtown Chicago,
as the low... moves out to the Coral Sea,” meteorologist the rushing waters of the People walk in a park on the US side of the Niagara Falls on 31 January, 2019.  PHOTO: AFP
Jonathan How told national broadcaster ABC on Sunday. Niagara Falls were frozen week, followed by plunging concern, though, turned to the be the most extreme warm-
The region receives an average of some 2,000 millimetres in some places, and half the temperatures on Wednesday threat of flooding and further up from record winter cold
(6.5 feet) of rain annually but some towns were already Great Lakes were covered and on Thursday. Tempera- stress on already strained ever seen in such a short
on track to pass that total.The town of Ingham received in ice. US media reported as ture readings were nosing up infrastructure as the region time period,” Jeff Masters,
506 millimetres of rain in 24 hours between Saturday many as 21 weather-related on Friday and “will continue thawed out.“In some areas meteorologist at Weather
and Sunday, of which 145 millimetres fell in just one hour, deaths since a snow storm to moderate,” the National of the Midwest, the coming Underground, told AFP. —
bureau meteorologist Adam Blazak told AFP. —AFP hit the Midwest early in the Weather Service said. The wild temperature swing will AFP

Adve r t i s e w it h
EIA Study of M9 West Appraisal and Exploration Drilling
u s/ Ho t L i n e : Campaign in Block M9, Offshore Myanmar
0 9 9 74 4 2 4 8 4 8
PTTEP International Limited (PTTEPI) plans to conduct new appraisal and
exploration drilling campaign in western part of Block M9 to discover gas
resources and evaluate the feasibility of gas production in the future. The drilling
Announcement of Changing Company Name campaign consists of 10 appraisal and exploration wells in Block M9 which is
located in the Gulf of Moattama, offshore Myanmar. It is approximately 300 km
We are pleased to announce that ARS CHEMICAL (THAILAND) from Yangon and 230 km from Dawei. The tentative plan for commencement
CO., LTD., who is a manufacturer of insecticides and air fresheners will be in Q2 2019.
in Thailand has changed its name to EARTH (THAILAND) CO., PTTEPI with third party EIA consultants, International Environmental Management
LTD. (Registration No. in Thailand 0105527022270) on 17th January, Co. Ltd (IEM) and Environmental Quality Management Co. Ltd (EQM), are
2018. Its address and business purposes are remaining unchanged. currently undertaking an EIA Study which includes associated stakeholder
engagement. The Scoping Report has been approved by Environmental
EARTH (THAILAND) CO., LTD. Conservation Department (ECD) and EIA will be conducted in accordance with
Human Resources & General Affair Department the Myanmar EIA Procedure (2015).
25 Bangkok Insurance/Y.W.C.A.Building, 30th Fl., More information about the proposed activity can be found on PTTEPI’s website
South Sathorn Road, Tungmahamek, Sathorn as follows:
Bangkok 10120 Questions and comments can also be submitted to PTTEPI in writing by contacting
Phone +66 2286 7117 the following e-mail address:


Consignees of cargo carried on M.V AS FIONA VOY. Consignees of cargo carried on M.V OLYMPIA Consignees of cargo carried on M.V LE HE (V.138)
NO. (005 W/E) are hereby notified that the vessel will be VOY. NO. (904S) are hereby notified that the vessel will are hereby notified that the vessel will be arriving on 04-
arriving on 04-02-2019 and cargo will be discharged into be arriving on 04-02-2019 and cargo will be discharged 02-2019 and cargo will be discharged into the premises
the premises of M.I.T.T/A.I.P.T where it will lie at the into the premises of M.I.T.T/M.I.P where it will lie at the of M.I.T.T-5 where it will lie at the consignee’s risk and
consignee’s risk and expenses and subject to the byelaws consignee’s risk and expenses and subject to the byelaws expenses and subject to the byelaws and conditions of the
and conditions of the Port of Yangon. and conditions of the Port of Yangon. Port of Yangon.
Damaged cargo will be surveyed daily from 8 am Damaged cargo will be surveyed daily from 8 am Damaged cargo will be surveyed daily from 8 am
to 11:20 am and 12 noon to 4 pm to Claim’s Day now to 11:20 am and 12 noon to 4 pm to Claim’s Day now to 11:20 am and 12 noon to 4 pm to Claim’s Day now
declared as the third day after final discharge of cargo declared as the third day after final discharge of cargo declared as the third day after final discharge of cargo
from the Vessel. from the Vessel. from the Vessel.
No claims against this vessel will be admitted after No claims against this vessel will be admitted after No claims against this vessel will be admitted after
the Claims Day. the Claims Day. the Claims Day.
Phone No: 2301185 Phone No: 2301185 Phone No: 2301928

‘Roma’ wins best Latin American Chinese Film Festival

film award at Spain’s Goyas kicks off in Sri Lanka
SEVILLE (Spain)—Mexican COLOMBO—A five-day Chinese Film Festival kicked off in Sri
film “Roma”, which is tipped Lanka’s capital Colombo on Friday evening to celebrate the
for Oscars glory, was on Satur- Chinese New Year and the 70th anniversary of the founding of
day named best Latin Ameri- the People’s Republic of China.
can picture at the Goyas, the The film festival was organized by the National Film Corpo-
main Spanish film awards held ration of Sri Lanka in collaboration with the Chinese Embassy
in Seville. in Sri Lanka.
Shot in black and white General Manager of the National Film Corporation of Sri
by Academy Award-winning Lanka Nimal Abeywardena said the Chinese Film Festival was
filmmaker Alfonso Cuaron, being hosted for the fourth consecutive year and with China hav-
“Roma” has already won ing a vast film industry, Sri Lanka hoped to come into a mutual
the Golden Lion at Venice, agreement to air more Chinese films in theaters islandwide.
two Golden Globes and four “We hope to show Chinese films in our local theaters
awards at the Critics’ Choice throughout the year,” Abeywardena said.
Awards. During the festival, seven Chinese films will be aired at the
Set in Mexico City in the National Film Corporation till 6 February.
1970s, it has 10 nominations China’s Ambassador to Sri Lanka Cheng Xueyuan said at
for the 91st Academy Awards the opening ceremony that within the past three years, the
to be held in Hollywood on 24 Chinese Film Festival had attracted over 4,000 people in the
February. island country.
The 33rd Goya Awards’ best “The embassy will continue to work with the Sri Lankan
picture went to “Campeones” sides to promote professional and technical exchange and coop-
(Champions), by director Javi- eration in the film field between our two countries,” Cheng said.
er Fesser, Spain’s most suc- The films shown at the festival this year will feature love
cessful film last year. story, action, fantasy, suspense and environment.—Xinhua
Rodrigo Sorogoyen took
the best director award for
his political thriller “El Rei-
no” (The Realm) and the best
Japanese anime film
actor gong went to Antonio
de la Torre in the same film,
Director Alfonso Cuaron (c) poses with the Nomination Medallion for
“Mirai” wins Annie award
while Susi Sanchez took the
Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Feature Film for “Roma”, with
best actress award for her role actresses Marina de Tavira (l) and Yalitza Aparicio in the press room
in “La enfermedad del domin- during the 71st Annual Directors Guild Of America (DGA) Awards at the
go” (Sunday’s Illness).—AFP Ray Dolby Ballroom in Hollywood on 2 February, 2019.   PHOTO: AFP

‘Guardians of the Galaxy Vol 3’ definitely

on the cards, says Chris Pratt

Scene from Mamoru Hosoda’s film “Mirai”.  PHOTO: KYODO

LOS ANGELES—Mamoru Ho- tional animated film society, or

soda’s film “Mirai” won the Best ASIFA-Hollywood, the Annie
Animated Independent Feature Awards are considered one of
category at the 46th annual An- the highest accolades in the
nie Awards on Saturday. animation production industry.
“Mirai” depicts a young The Best Animated Inde-
boy who happens upon a mag- pendent Feature category of
ical garden, enabling him to the award covers animation
travel through time and en- films with smaller distribu-
counter relatives from differ- tion than major studio re-
ent eras, guided by his little leases, shown at fewer than
‘Guardians of the Galaxy Vol’.  PHOTO: PTI
sister from the future. 1,000 theaters in the United
LOS ANGELES—Chris Pratt has promised the happen. Organized by the interna- States.—Kyodo News
“Guardians of the Galaxy” fans that the third film “I promise there’ll be a third movie, I don’t
in the franchise will surely see light of the day. know exactly what that’s going to look like, but I
The future of the threequel took a hit after Dis- know everyone on board is just eager to give the
ney sacked director James Gunn from “Guardians fans what they want and wrap up a trilogy in a Ad v e r t i s e
of the Galaxy: Vol 3” last July when his old offensive meaningful way,” he said.
tweets resurfaced on social media. “We’re still circling the city of Jericho, I like to with us/ Hot Line :
Gunn was in the middle of writing the script
for the third film when he was fired from the job.
say,” he added.The actor, who plays Peter Quill/ Star-
Lord in the series, was speaking on the sidelines of
0 9 9 74 4 2 4 8 4 8
Pratt assured the fans that the movie will the “Lego Movie 2” premiere.—PTI

‘Inkjet’ solar panels

poised to revolutionise
green energy
WROCLAW (Poland)—What if be it laptop, car, drone, space-
one day all buildings could be craft or building —to produce
equipped with windows and fa- electricity, including in the shade
cades that satisfy the structure’s or indoors. Though the excite-
every energy need, whether rain ment is new, perovskite has been
or shine? known to science since at least
That sustainability dream is the 1830s, when it was first iden-
today one step closer to becoming tified by German mineralogist
a reality thanks to Polish physicist Gustav Rose while prospecting
and businesswoman Olga Ma- in the Ural mountains and named
linkiewicz. The 36-year-old has after Russian mineralogist Lev
developed a novel inkjet process- Perovski.In the following decades,
ing method for perovskites—a synthesising the atomic structure
new generation of cheaper solar of perovskite became easier.
cells—that makes it possible to But it was not until 2009 that
A technician works in a laboratory of Saule in Wroclaw on 16 January, 2019.  PHOTO: AFP
produce solar panels under lower Japanese researcher Tsutomu
temperatures, thus sharply re- Miyasaka discovered that per- mass production economically assemble all their laboratory according to demand, to manu-
ducing costs.Indeed, perovskite ovskites can be used to form pho- feasible. “That was a bull’s eye. equipment from scratch, before facture perovskite solar panels
technology is on track to revolu- tovoltaic solar cells. Now high temperatures are no multimillionaire Japanese in- that are made to measure.
tionise access to solar power for longer required to coat things vestor Hideo Sawada came on
all, given its surprising physical ‘Bull’s eye’ with a photovoltaic layer,” Mal- board. The company now has an Self-sufficient buildings
properties, some experts say. Initially the process was inkiewicz told AFP. Her discovery ultra-modern laboratory with an The Swedish construction
“In our opinion, perovskite complicated and required ultra quickly earned her an article in international team of young ex- group Skanska is testing the cut-
solar cells have the potential to high temperatures, so only ma- the journal Nature and media perts and is building an industri- ting-edge panels on the facade of
address the world energy pov- terials that could withstand ex- attention, as well as the Photon- al-scale production site. one of its buildings in Warsaw. It
erty,” said Mohammad Khaja treme heat—like glass—could be ics21 Student Innovation award “This will be the world’s first also inked a licencing partnership
Nazeeruddin, a professor at coated with perovskite cells. This in a competition organised by the production line using this technol- with Saule in December for the
Switzerland’s Federal Institue of is where Malinkiewicz comes in. European Commission.The Pol- ogy. Its capacity will reach 40,000 exclusive right to incorporate the
Technology Lausanne, an institu- In 2013, while still a PhD stu- ish edition of the MIT Technology square metres of panels by the company’s solar cell technology in
tion on the cutting-edge of solar dent at the University of Valencia Review also selected her as one end of the year and 180,000 square its projects in Europe, the United
energy research. Solar panels in Spain, she figured out a way to of its Innovators Under 35 in 2015. metres the following year,” Ma- States and Canada. “Perovskite
coated with the mineral are light, coat flexible foil with perovskites She went on to cofound the linkiewicz said at her lab. “But technology is bringing us closer
flexible, efficient, inexpensive and using an evaporation method. company Saule Technologies— that’s just a drop in the bucket in to the goal of energy self-sufficient
come in varying hues and degrees Later, she developed an inkjet named after the Baltic goddess terms of demand.” Eventually, buildings,” said Adam Targowski,
of transparency. They can easily printing procedure that lowered of the sun—along with two Pol- compact production lines could sustainability manager at Skans-
be fixed to almost any surface— production costs enough to make ish businessmen. They had to easily be installed everywhere, ka. —AFP

Egypt unveils more than 40 ancient Carbon fiber may be

Greek mummies engineered into a
MINYA (Egypt)—Researchers in
Egypt have discovered more than
battery: study
40 mummies at a burial site in WASHINGTON—American process to make porous car-
central Egypt dating to the Ptole- researchers developed a kind bon fibers with uniform size
maic era, the antiquities ministry of porous carbon fiber that and spacing for the first time.
said on Saturday. The mummies, may power cars using energy P r e v i o u s l y, c h e m i s t s
including adults, children and ani- stored in their exterior shells. mixed two kind of polymers
mals, had been laid on the floor or The study published in this separately into a solution, re-
in open clay coffins in a crumbling week’s Science Advances re- sulting porous carbon fibers
underground chamber in Min- ported the way of creating car- but with differently sized and
ya governorate, said Antiquities This picture taken on 2 February, 2019 shows artefact fragments on display bon fibers that wouldn’t only spaced pores, making the en-
Minister Khaled el-Enany. outside newly-discovered burial chambers dating to the Ptolemaic era be structurally useful, but also ergy storage difficult.
“So far we have more than 40 (323-30 BC) at the necropolis of Tuna el-Gebel in Egypt’s southern Minya functionally useful. Carbon fib- Liu bonded the two poly-
mummies,” he told officials and province, about 340 kilometres south of the capital Cairo.  PHOTO: AFP ers, the thin hair-like strands mers into a block copolymer.
journalists during a ceremony at founded by Ptolemy, a successor to ground and contained more than of carbon, are widely used in “This is the first time we uti-
the Tunah Al-Gabal site, 260 kilo- Alexander the Great, which lasted six rooms.Shards of pottery and the aerospace and automo- lize block copolymers to make
metres (160 miles) south of Cairo. from 323 BC to 30 BC.The Minya pieces of papyrus found at the site tive industries. Liu Guoliang, carbon fibers and the first time
Archaeologist Rami Rasmi told graves, discovered during an ex- helped researchers to determine a professor at Virginia Tech to use block copolymer-based
AFP that “40 mummies were dis- cavation that started in February its date, said the head of Egypt’s who led the study, said the car- porous carbon fibers in energy
covered, including 12 children and last year, are in a communal tomb Supreme Council of Antiquities bon fibers could be designed storage,” Liu said.
six animals, while the rest were “probably belonging to a petty Mostafa Waziri. Ancient Greek to have tiny holes uniformly The modified carbon fibers
adult men and women.”While bourgeois family”, the ministry rulers reached the height of their scattered throughout, similar can be used to make car shells
mummification is mostly associ- said. Archaeologist Mohamed power between the conquests of to a sponge, that would store while store energy like a bat-
ated with ancient Egypt, the prac- Ragab said two tombs were Alexander the Great and the rise ions of energy. tery in the future, according to
tice continued under the kingdom discovered nine metres under- of the Roman empire.—AFP Liu’s team developed a the researchers.—AFP

I want Bale to perform how

he knows he can—Solari
MADRID (Spain)—Santiago So- player for us and I think he is
lari has challenged Gareth Bale determined to do well.”
to hit top form ahead of what Madrid meet Barcelona in
could prove a defining period in the first leg of the Copa del Rey
Real Madrid’s season. on Wednesday, three days after
Madrid face a double-header the game against Alaves, but So-
against Barcelona in the Copa del lari was reluctant to divert focus
Rey semi-finals in the next month, to the contest at the Camp Nou.
as well as two legs against Ajax He insists, however, that Madrid
in the last 16 of the Champions are used to big matches coming
League.After Alaves on Sunday, thick and fast at this stage of the
they also play city rivals Atletico season. “We are used to it, this
Madrid in La Liga before a third team has experience of this at this
Clasico at the start of March. Ma- time of year,” Solari said. “First, you
drid are 10 points adrift of Barca have to reach this stage in all three
already and cannot afford to let competitions, the aim is to keep all
the gap widen further. Bale has of them open. “We have already
just come back after three weeks won the Club World Cup and we
out with a calf injury but his re-
turn to the starting line-up is not
come into this period in good form,
with energy, with the whole squad
Lethwei: Ye Thway Ni to face Ikkyu
guaranteed, given his team have
won six out of their last seven
available, except (Jesus) Vallejo,
who is about to come back. Sojun in Tokyo this month
matches. “The spotlight is always “We face this run of games
on Gareth,” Solari said at a press with absolute tranquility.” Ma- A Lethwei event, entitled Japan other bouts featuring Myanmar Repelis (New Zealand)
conference on Saturday. “But I drid were thrashed 5-1 by Bar- 11 - ‘Millenium Force’, will be or- and Japanese Lethwei fighters In the 66.50-kg bout, Saw
see him focused, connected, celona in their last outing at the ganized at Korakuen Hall in To- and martial artists from Malay- Min Aung (Myanmar) will face
plugged in. “I want him to per- Camp Nou in October, a match kyo on 27 February to showcase sia, New Zealand, South Korea, Kayne Conlan (New Zealand).
form how he knows he can, like that led to Julen Lopetegui being Myanmar Lethwei in Japan and Congo. They will use the In the 74-kg bout, Shan
he did in the Club World Cup and sacked and Solari installed as his and to strengthen friendship fighting styles of Myanma tradi- Ko (Myanmar) will face Kohei
against Roma. He is an important replacement. —AFP between the two countries, ac- tional lethwei, including various Tokeshi (Japan).
cording to a statement released clinching techniques. In the 74.50-kg bout, Daryl
by the International Lethwei In the 60.50-kg bout, Ye Lokuku (Congo) will take on Kai
Federation (Japan). Thway Ni (Myanmar) will take Chee (Malaysia).
The main bout at the event, on Ikkyu Sojun (Japan). In the All the fights will be bare-
the eleventh such contest to be 61.50-kg bout, Joji Goto (Japan) knuckled, without gloves, with
held in Japan, will feature Ye will fight Kwon Dohyeong (Ko- only tape and gauze allowed on
Thway Ni (Myanmar) vs Ikkyu rea). the hands of the fighters, said
Sojun (Japan). In the 63.00-kg bout, Shuhei a Myanmar Lethwei official.—
The event will also have Higashi (Japan) will fight Philip Lynn Thit (Tgi)

I’ll make every effort to help Shan United,

Real Madrid’s Welsh forward Gareth Bale (c) kicks the ball during the says new technical director
Spanish Copa del Rey (King’s Cup) quarter-final second leg football match
between Girona FC and Real Madrid CF at the Montilivi stadium in Girona FORMER Myanmar National accept the offer from the team,” with U Aung Naing, who is also
on 13 January, 2019.  PHOTO: AFP League champions Shan United he added. an experienced coach,” he said.
have appointed U Aung Naing as A former Myanmar National U Aung Naing takes over
their new technical director, ac- Team player, U Aung Naing will the post from U Sann Win, who
Search for missing Sala cording to a statement released
by the football club. Reacting to
focus on improving the main
team and junior teams, said an
handled the team last season.
U Aung Naing served as the
plane to begin on Sunday his appointment, U Aung Naing
said: “I’ll make every effort to
official with the football club.
“We are preparing for good
head coach of the Nay Pyi Taw
F.C. and Rakhine United F.C. in
LONDON (United Kingdom) is directing the private search help Shan United and the club’s results in all competitions — the 2011 and 2012, and was an Assis-
—The privately-funded search on behalf of the Sala family, said: two junior teams.” AFC Cup, the Myanmar National tant Coach with the Ubon United
for the missing plane carrying “Tomorrow the weather will be “Shan United is a club with League, and the General Aung F.C. of the Thai 2nd Division in
Argentinian footballer Emiliano good. We will be able to operate a good image, and so, I decided to San Shield. We have just signed 2018.—Lynn Thit (Tgi)
Sala will begin on Sunday, con- tomorrow.” The search will be
ditions permitting, the scientist conducted “in close co-ordina-
leading the mission said on Sat- tion” with the Air Accidents In- Barca drop points on Saturday as Celta end losing streak
urday. Sala was travelling from vestigation Branch (AAIB), with
France to join up with his new two vessels scouring around four MADRID—FC Barcelona came back from 2-0 down to ter fine work from Rodrigo Moreno, although the
club, Premier League strugglers square nautical miles of sea bed save a point at home to Valencia on Saturday evening. striker had to abandon the game shortly afterwards
Cardiff City, in a light aircraft on north of the Channel island of Leo Messi scored twice to ensure Barca took a point after clashing heads with Barca’s Gerard Pique.Dani
21 January when it went missing Guernsey. against arguably the best Valencia performance of Parejo doubled Valencia’s lead from the penalty spot
close to the Channel Islands. Sala was flying in the Piper the season.The visitors began the game by hitting after Sergi Roberto was penalized for a slight push
Suspected debris from the PA-46 Malibu plane after transfer- the post and with both sides including changes due on Daniel Wass.A Messi penalty before halftime got
plane washed up on the Norman- ring from French team Nantes in to their cup semi-finals next week, they controlled Barca back into the game and he leveled the score
dy coastline on Wednesday. Ma- a 17-million-euro ($19.3-million) Barca’s attacks and hit the league leaders on the 15 minutes after the break with a shot from outside
rine scientist David Mearns, who move.—AFP break.Kevin Gameiro put Valencia into the lead af- of the area. —Xinhua