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- 2014 - Wei Yan - OnsolvingtheRachfordRiceequationwithhigherordermet[Retrieved-2017!09!25]
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Vortex filament

of strength Γ

dl

M

r

P

dV

segment d~l centered at the point M of the vortex filament induces an elemental velocity

Γ d~l × ~r

dV~ = , (1)

4π |r3 |

−→

where ~r =M P , and r = |~r|.

We now apply the Biot-Savart law (1) to a straight vortex filament of infinite length as

sketched in Figure 2. The velocity dV~ induced at point P by any elemental segment

of the vortex filament d~l is given by (1). Because the filament is a straight line, dV~

is perpendicular to the plane defined by the filament and the point P . The velocity

induced at point P by the entire vortex filament is

Γ Z +∞ d~l × ~r

V~ = .

4π −∞ |r3 |

The direction of the induced velocity can be obtained from the right-hand screw rule. Its

magnitude, V = |V~ |, can be calculated as follows. From the geometry shown in Figure

2

h

r =

sinθ

h

l = −

tanθ

h

dl = dθ

sin2 θ

Substituting in equation(2), we have

Γ Z +∞ sinθ Γ Zπ

V = dl = sinθdθ

4π −∞ r2 4πh 0

Or

Γ

V =

2πh

dl

θ r P

M

dV

Consider the semi-infinite vortex filament shown in Figure 3. The filament extends from

O to ∞.

Γ Z +∞ sinθ Γ Zπ

V = dl = sinθdθ

4π 0 r2 4πh π2

2

Or

Γ

V =

4πh

The velocity induced at P by the semi-infinite vortex filament is half that induced by

an infinite vortex filament.

dl θ

M

r

O h

P

dV

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