You are on page 1of 20

Chemical Hygiene Plan

The Chemical Hygiene Plan for CodeRVA Regional High School is written to comply

1. OSHA Occupational Exposure to Chemical Laboratories Standard No.

2. Commonwealth of Virginia, Department of Education Safety in Science Teaching
3. U.S. Consumer Safety Product Commission, Department of Health and Human
Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for
Occupational Safety and Health.

The following Chemical Hygiene Plan has been modified for the needs of CodeRVA
Regional High School with permission from Flinn Scientific.
Overview ......................................................................................................................... 4
Chemical Hygiene Officer – Duties ................................................................................. 5
Employee Expectations ................................................................................................... 6
Chemical Expectations – Handling, Storage, and Disposal............................................. 7
Facilities and Safety Equipment for Science Laboratories .............................................. 9
Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) ........................................................................................... 10
Emergency Prevention and Response .......................................................................... 11
Appendix A- Chemical List ............................................................................................ 12
Appendix B – CodeRVA Core Values for Laboratory Setting ........................................ 16
Appendix C – CodeRVA Lab Safety Contract ............................................................... 17
Appendix D – Science Department Safety Checklist ..................................................... 18
Appendix E – References.............................................................................................. 20
The Chemical Hygiene Plan has been developed to provide employees and students of
CodeRVA Regional High School information necessary to safely work in the school
science laboratory.
All components of the Chemical Hygiene Plan will be available to all employees as
1. Administrators and science teachers will have copies of the Chemical Hygiene
Plan and Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) in each science classroom and
on the outside of each chemical storage area. In addition, a copy of the Chemical
Hygiene Plan will be placed in the Team Google Drive to give all employees
2. Each Science Curriculum Guide will include copies of components of the
Chemical Hygiene Plan:
a. Overview
b. Chemical Hygiene Officer
c. General Rules
d. Chemical Storage Rules and Procedures
e. Specific Rules and Guidelines for Chemical Safety in the School Science
f. Facilities and Safety Equipment for School Science Laboratories
g. Employee training
h. Science Curriculum Chemical Review List (Appendix A)
i. Science Safety Guidelines for Teachers (Appendix B)
j. Student Safety Procedures Agreement (Appendix C)

All components of the Chemical Hygiene Plan will be reviewed annually by the Science
Department and necessary revisions will be made.

An annual evaluation of compliance to the OSHA Laboratory Standard and an
inspection of the science chemical storage areas of CodeRVA will be conducted by the
Science Department. A written checklist will be completed noting any conditions not in
compliance with OSHA. Problems indicated will be noted and corrective measures
taken in a timely manner.
Chemical Hygiene Officer – Duties
The Chemical Hygiene Officers at CodeRVA Regional High School are Whitney Powell
and Salman Parvaiz.
Chemical Hygiene Officers have the duty and responsibility of monitoring the Chemical
Hygiene Plan at CodeRVA. Their duties will include:
1. Being familiar with all aspects of the Chemical Hygiene Plan, especially chemical
storage and safety provisions in the science area.
2. Being a contact person for disseminating information involving chemical safety to
employees of the school. This will include an annual safety training for the
science department.
3. Being a resource for employees at the school on matters involving the use of
chemicals in the science laboratory.
4. Inspecting safety equipment quarterly and cooperating with the annual inspection
of laboratories and chemical storage areas. See - Facilities and Safety
Equipment for Science Laboratories.
5. Reporting to the school principal and any other persons deemed necessary, any
conditions involving chemicals that pose risks to health or safety.
6. Monitoring science chemical inventories and updating the school chemical
inventory list when necessary.
7. Making requests for disposal of unwanted and hazardous chemicals from the
science area.

While the appointment of a Chemical Hygiene Officer is intended to enhance safety for
employees, it does not lessen the responsibility of all science teachers to learn and
practice safe procedures for working and teaching in a school science laboratory.
Employee Expectations
All employees involved in the science laboratory environment or teaching a science
lesson involving chemicals must read and model the same correct, safe behaviors
expected of students in the Science Safety Rules and Procedures Agreement.
No teacher or other employee should attempt a laboratory experiment. No
experiment is justified if the safety of an employee or student is in doubt.

In addition, employees should:

1. Minimize all chemical exposure.
2. Know and understand the hazards of each chemical as stated in the MSDS, lab
directions, etc. This applies to the products of chemical experiments as well as
reactants. Employees need to not underestimate chemical hazards.
3. Know how to properly store all chemicals. If there is a question, the Chemical Hygiene
Officer for the school should be consulted.
4. Wear appropriate eye protection at all times. Chemical splash goggles must be worn
anytime chemicals, glassware, or heat are used in the laboratory.
5. Use protective safety equipment to reduce potential exposure, i.e. gloves, aprons, fume
hood, etc. A safety shield must be used for demonstrations involving explosion risk.
6. Never perform a first-time chemical demonstration in front of your class. Always perform
first-time demonstrations in front of other instructors to evaluate the safety of the
7. Know the locations for all personal safety and emergency equipment such as eye wash,
shower, fire extinguisher, spill control materials, and chemical hygiene plan and MSDS.
8. Know appropriate emergency procedures, waste disposal, spill clean-up, evacuation
routes and fire emergency notification.
9. Allow only teachers or staff to handle concentrated materials requiring mixing or dilution.
10. Exercise great care in moving chemicals from room to room. Use trays or carts with
raised edges for moving glassware and chemicals.
11. Wash hands thoroughly after handling any chemical materials.
Chemical Expectations – Handling, Storage, and Disposal
The rules and guidelines below are designed to avoid a number of hazardous situations.
1. Inspect all protective safety equipment before use. If defective, do not use.
2. Have appropriate types and sizes of fire extinguishers. Fire extinguishers should
be inspected every six months.
3. Do not block fire exits. Keep all aisles clear.
4. Work and floor surfaces should be cleaned regularly and kept free of clutter.
5. Do not use chipped, etched or cracked glassware. Glassware which is chipped or
scratched presents a serious breakage hazard when heated or handled.
6. Eye protection must be worn. Chemical splash goggles must meet ANSI Z87.1
Standard. Wear face shields when dealing with corrosive liquids, (i.e., full
strength acids and bases).
7. Wear gloves, that offer protection for all hazards you may find in the lab.
8. Always wear a full-length lab coat or a chemical-resistant apron when dealing with
corrosive chemicals.
9. Do not pipette by mouth, always use a pipette bulb or other appropriate suction
10. Wash thoroughly after any chemical exposure or before leaving the laboratory.
11. Never smell chemicals directly - always waft the odors to your nose using your
12. Clean up spills immediately and thoroughly. Follow approved spill cleanup
procedures; spills should only be cleaned up by approved personnel.
13. Neutralizing chemicals (citric acid and sodium bicarbonate), such as a spill kit, dry
sand, kitty litter, and other spill control materials should be readily available.
14. Spills involving broken mercury thermometers need special care. You cannot
dispose of any mercury at your school, and unless you have a mercury spill kit,
you will not be able to complete the clean-up process (see part B below).
A. If at all possible, use non-mercury thermometers, or probes. Although
slightly less accurate, non-mercury thermometers remove a serious safety
hazard and a troublesome clean up procedure.
B. In the event of spilled mercury:
• Avoid walking in the area or dispersing the mercury in any way
• Evacuate any students to a safe location
• Contact the principal
• Maximize ventilation, open windows, doors, use fans.
• Do not use brooms, brushes, mops or vacuum cleaners on the spill.
• Wearing gloves, gently push the mercury beads together with stiff
paper. Larger beads may be picked up with a medicine dropper
and the dropper may be placed into a seamless plastic bottle.
• Glass fragments can be scooped up the same way and placed in
the bottle also.
• Contact the Chemical Hygiene Officer, who will use a mercury
spill kit to remove all mercury traces and take away any mercury
you have collected.
15. Never bring food (opened or closed) into the lab, chemical prep or storage area.
Food should not be eaten if in a room with toxic materials.
16. Do not apply cosmetics in areas where laboratory chemicals are present.
17. Important notes on Chemical Disposal:
a. The Chemical Hygiene Officer will be in charge of the disposal of all
hazardous substances.
b. Contact the chemical hygiene officer for removal, they will contact the
contracted waste disposal company.
c. All unknown chemicals will be considered hazardous.
d. If the MSDS sheet approves and recommends this method, small
quantities (test tube amounts) of chemical waste generated by science
laboratory pose no problem for water treatment plants. Flush with
adequate amounts of water to protect plumbing. If there are any
questions about a substance consult with the Chemical Hygiene Officer.
e. Biological preservatives such as alcohol or formalin may be flushed with
water if quantities do not exceed a few gallons. However, it is suggested
that specimens be ordered in packaging that uses the minimum amount of
preservative. Non-formaldehyde preservatives are preferred.
f. Preserved dissection specimens may be disposed of like any other
materials going to the landfill.
18. Read all labels carefully - the names of many chemicals look alike at first glance.
19. No unlabeled products should be stored anywhere in the science facility.
20. Handle toxic, corrosive, flammable and noxious chemicals under a fume hood.**
21. Do not expose flammable liquids to open flame, sparks, heat or any source of
22. Use a safety shield when igniting flammable solids.
23. Use extreme caution when handling finely divided (dust-like) material. Finely
divided materials may form explosive mixtures with air and also make inhalation of
toxic materials more likely. Use a mask when handling these products.
24. Avoid the use of contact lenses in areas where chemicals are used or stored.
25. In the event of an accident or injury, fill out an accident report describing the event
in detail. Accident report forms are obtainable from the executive director or office
26. Develop and practice emergency plans (fire, spills, power failure, etc.) with your
students. Discuss your plans with the Chemical Hygiene Officer.

** Note: These substances should not be purchased or handled until fume hood is installed.
Facilities and Safety Equipment for Science Laboratories
For the safe operation of the Science Laboratory the following conditions are necessary
where chemicals, open flames, heating of glassware, or release of fumes are involved.
1) An easily accessible fire blanket must be present where open flames are used.
2) Clean and functional splash goggles must be available.
3) Adequate laboratory ventilation must be provided when chemical fumes are
liberated. Check to ensure all exhaust fans are operational.
4) Fire extinguishers must be of the right type, Tri-class ABC, and they must always
be properly inspected. A fire extinguisher must be located in each
laboratory/chemical storage area.
5) Eyewashes and eyewash bottles must be functional and checked regularly.
6) Fume hoods must be functional and should be used during any experiment that
creates fumes or exhaust.**
7) A safety shield must be available for demonstrations. This does not remove the
responsibility for wearing safety goggles.
8) Full body showers are to be located in high school chemistry labs.
9) Running water will be available for hand washing in laboratories using preserved
specimens or handling chemicals.

** Note- Fume hoods have not been installed, yet. Instructors should not do laboratory
experiments that create fumes or exhaust until fume hoods are installed.
Safety Data Sheets (SDSs)
A Safety Data Sheet (SDS) is a technical information sheet detailing health and safety
information concerning a hazardous chemical or chemical substance. SDSs contain
information on the following;
• Product Information
• Supplier
• Hazardous Ingredients and Materials
• Physical, Health, Reactivity & Explosion Data
• Leaks & Spills
• Special Protection & Precautions
There must be an SDS for each chemical in storage. SDSs must reflect the correct
manufacture from which the chemical was purchased.
Emergency Prevention and Response
Laboratory instructors and other employees must be familiar with emergency procedures in
order to prevent and reduce the impact of laboratory accidents.

• Emergency procedures:
o Emergency procedures should address chemical spills, laboratory
accidents, a failure in the ventilation systems, and evacuation of the
• First aid:
o Departments must have personnel trained in first aid available during
working hours to render assistance until medical help can be obtained. All
laboratory science personnel in the district are required to possess a valid
first aid card.
• Emergency equipment:
o The Safety Program Manager and Chemical Hygiene Officer must ensure
that adequate emergency equipment is available in the laboratory and
inspected regularly. (Refer to Appendix 3. Science classroom and lab
safety reference and checklist)
• Accident reports:
o Carefully investigate all accidents and near accidents. Forward the results
of this investigation and recommendations for the prevention of similar
occurrences to the Safety Program Manager. Accident reports must be
kept on file with the Safety Program Manager and made available upon
Appendix A- Chemical List
No chemicals should be purchased or used in science laboratory exercises unless they:

• Support the Essential Understandings and/or the Essential Knowledge found in

the Science Standards of Learning Curriculum Framework, 2003 and
• Are published in an appropriate laboratory manual with complete instructions.

Chemicals are to be purchased from commercial chemical suppliers. Under no

circumstances are chemicals to be accepted as gifts or otherwise acquired from private
individuals, manufacturing companies, government agencies, etc. The teacher should
be familiar with any exercise involving chemicals and follow safe procedures for use and
storage of those chemicals.

The quantity of chemicals stored should not be excessive. Quantities should be limited
to amounts no greater than what will be consumed over two academic years.

The following list of chemicals was prepared using data from the Commonwealth of
Virginia Department of Education, the Council of State Science Supervisors, and the
Flinn Chemical Catalog/Reference Manual. Evaluation of these chemicals involved
reactivity, toxicity, carcinogenic potential, explosiveness, and flammability. This brief list
should be compared to the chemical inventory. Those chemicals preceded by an
asterisk (*) should not be purchased, used, or stored. The other chemicals listed should
be used or stored only with appropriate cautions. The MSDS should be read before
using these or any other chemicals. The Flinn Chemical Catalog/Reference Manual is a
good source of information on potential hazards.

Hazards indicated: C = positive or suspected carcinogen

T = moderately to extremely toxic
R = highly reactive and/or corrosive
F or E = potentially flammable or explosive

This list is subject to periodic review and updating. Inquiries on the status of any
chemical may be directed to the General Supervisor, Science.
Acetamide – C *Arsenic pentoxide – T Calcium nitrate (crystals) – F

Acetic acid (glacial) – T, F, R *Arsenic trioxide –C, T Calcium oxide – R, F

Acetic acid – R *Asbestos – C *Carbon disulfide – F, E

*Acetic anhydride – F, R, T *Arcarite – C *Carbon tetrachloride – T

Acetone – F, T *Barium chloride (crystals) T *Catechol (pyrocatechol) – T

Acetyl chloride – F Barium oxalate – T *Chlorine, chlorine water – T

(High School Only & fresh
Acrylonitrile – C Barium peroxide – T, F (High supply only)
School Only, Demo Supply)
dl-Adrenalin – T *Chloral hydrate – T
*Benzene – C, T. F
*Aluminum chloride (anhydrous) *Chloretone (chlorobutanol) – T
– R, T *Benzidine – T
*Chloroform – C, T
*Ammonium bichromate – T, E. *Benzoin – C, T
F Chlorpromazine – T
Benzoyl chloride – T, R
Ammonium chromate – T *Chromium – C, T
*Benzoyl peroxide – T, E, R
Ammonium dichromate – T, E, F *Chromium (powder) – C
*Beryllium carbonate – T
Ammonium hydroxide (14M) – T *Chromium oxide – C
Biuret solution – R
Ammonium hydroxide (6M) – T Chromium potassium sulfate – T
*Bromine – T, F
Ammonium nitrate (crystals) – T, *Chromium trioxide (chromic
E *Bromine water – T (High School acid) – C, T
Only & fresh supply only)
Ammonium vanadate Cobalt – T
(ammonium metavandate) – T *Cadmium – C, T
Cobalt chloride – T
*Aniline – T, C All Cadmium compounds – T
*Colchicine – C, T
*Aniline hydrochloride – T Cadmium bromide – T
Cyclohexane – F, T (for high
*Antracene – C Cadmium carbonate – T school only)

Antimony – T *Cadmium chloride – C *Cyclohexene – F, T, E

Antimony oxide – T Cadmium nitrate – C, T, F *Cyclohexanol – F, T

Antimony pentachloride – R Cadmium sulfate – C, T Dichlorobenzene – T

Antimony trichloride - T *Calcium carbide – F *Dimethylaniline – T

*Arsenic – T *Calcium cyanide – T *Dichloroethane (ethylene

dichloride) – C
*Arsenic chloride – T Calcium hypochlorite – T
*2,4-Dinitrophenol – T, E
Chemical Hygiene Plan 14

*Diisopropyl ether – E Lactic acid – R Para-dichlorobenze (1,4

Dichlorabenzene) – T
Dioxane – C All Lead compounds – T
*Paris green – T
Ethyl alcohol – F, T *Lead acetate (flakes) – T, C
Pentane – F
*Ethylene dichloride *Lead arsenate – C, T
(Dichloroethane – C, F, T *Perchloric acid – R, E
Lithium – F, R (max. qty. – 1 yr.
Ethylene oxide – T, F demo supply Perchloroethylene – C, T

Ether (ethyl ether) – F, E Lithium nitrate crystals – E, R *Petroleum ether – F

(max. qty. – 1 yr. demo supply)
Ferrous sulfate – T *Phenol (Crystals or 88%
Magnesium – F solution) – C, T
*Formaldehyde (37% solution) –
T, C Magnesium chlorate – T 1-Phenyl-2Thiourea – T

Formalin (10% formaldehyde) T Magnesium perchlorate – R Phenylthiocarbamide powder – T

*Formic acid – R *Mercury (and all compounds) T *Phosphorous, red or white – F

*Gasoline – F, E Methyl alcohol – F, T *Phosphorous pentoxide – F, R

*Gunpowder – E Methyl ethyl ketone – F *Picric acid

*Hexachlorophene – T Methyl iodide – C Potassium metal – E, R (max.

qty. – 1 yr. demo supply
*Hydrobromic acid – T Methyl methacrylate – T, F
*Potassium cyanide – T
Hydrochloric acid – R *Millon’s reagent solution – T
*Potassium chlorate – T, E
*Hydrofluoric acid – T Nickel(ous) Ammonium sulfate
crystals – T Potassium chromate – C, T
Hydrogen gas – F
Nickel carbonate – C Potassium dichromate – R, T, C
Hydrogen peroxide (over 6% for
high school only) – T, R Nickel(ous) chloride – T, C Potassium ferricyanide – T

Hydrogen sulfide – T Nickel(ous) nitrate – T, C Potassium ferrocyanide – T

Hydroquinone – T Nickel oxide – C Potassium hydroxide (solid) – T,

Iodine crystals – T, R (High Nickel(ous) sulfate – T, C
School Only, Demo Supply) Potassium nitrate – F, E
Nicotine – T
Isobutyl alcohol – F, T Potassium nitrite (crystals) – F,
Nitric acid – R E
Isopentyl alcohol – F, T
Osmium tetroxide – T Potassium periodate – R
*Isopropyl alcohol (above 70% -
F, T Oxygen tanks – F Potassium permanganate – T, F

Isopropyl alcohol – F *Potassium sulfide – F, T

Chemical Hygiene Plan 15

Propionic acid – F Sodium dichromate – T, C Sulfuric acid – R, T

n-Propyl alcohol – F Sodium fluoride – T Tannic acid – C, T

Pyridine – T, E Sodium hydroxide solutions – R Tetrabromoethane – T

(purchase of pre-mixed soln.
Pyrogallol (Pyrogallic acid) – T recommended) Thioacetamide – C, T

Sebacoyl chloride/hexane soln. Sodium hydroxide – R Thiourea (thiocarbamide) – C

Sodium nitrate – R, E, T *Toluene – T, F
Silver acetate – T
Sodium nitrate (granular) – T, F, Toluidine – C
*Silver cyanide – T E (for A. P. Chemistry only)
Trichloroethylene – C, T
Silver nitrate – T, R Sodium nitrite – C, T, E
Uranyl acetate – C
Soda lime – R *Sodium peroxide – E
Uranyl nitrate – C, F, E
Sodium metal – F, R (max. qty. – Sodium sulfide – T, F
1 yr. demo supply) Urethane – C
Sodium thiocynate – T
*Sodium arsenate – T, C Vinylite – C
Stannic chloride – R, T
*Sodium arsenite – T, C Winkler’s solution #2 – R
*Strontium – F
*Sodium azide – T, E Wood’s metal – T
Strontium nitrate – F
Sodium chlorate – F Xylene – F, T
Sudan IV – C
Sodium chromate – T, C Zinc nitrate flakes – T, F
*Sulfuric acid (fuming) – T, R
*Sodium cyanide – T
Chemical Hygiene Plan 16

Appendix B – CodeRVA Core Values for Laboratory Setting

Chemical Hygiene Plan 17

Appendix C – CodeRVA Lab Safety Contract

CodeRVA Lab Safety Contract

Scientific Investigations is a hands-on laboratory class. Safety in the science classroom is the
number one priority for teachers, students, and parents. A list of rules has been developed as a
safety contract that must be signed by you and a parent or guardian. These rules must be
followed at all times. A signed copy must be returned. In addition, a copy of the Chemistry
Safety Contract will be posted in the classroom as a constant reminder of the safety rules.

1. Conduct yourself in a responsible manner at all times in the laboratory. Horseplay,

practical jokes, and pranks are dangerous and prohibited.
2. When first entering the classroom, do not touch any equipment, chemicals, or other
materials in the laboratory until you are instructed to do so.
3. No student may work in the laboratory without an instructor present. In addition, students
can only perform experiments authorized by the instructor.
4. Follow all written and verbal instructions carefully. If you do not understand a part of the
procedure, ask the instructor before proceeding.
5. Students are not allowed to eat or drink any type of food of beverage in the lab.
6. Furthermore, keep hands away from face, eyes, mouth, and body while using chemicals.
7. Be alert and proceed with caution at all times in the laboratory. Notify the instructor
immediately of any unsafe conditions. Report all accidents (spill, breakage, etc.) or injury
to the instructor immediately, no matter how trivial it may appear.
8. Wear proper attire in the lab, students must wear closed toe shoes, have long hair tied
back, no dangly necklaces or loose/baggy clothing.
9. Observe good housekeeping practices, lab areas should be remain neat throughout the
procedure and keep all aisles clear. Students should never leave with any laboratory
10. Students must wear the proper safety equipment (glasses, aprons, gloves, etc.)
throughout the entire class period until ALL students have completed the lab experiment.
11. Handle all living organisms used in the laboratory in a humane manner. Preserved
biological materials will disposed of properly.

Until the Safety Contract has been signed by both the student and parent or guardian, the
student will not be allowed to participate in any laboratory activities. Failure to follow the lab
safety contract will result in removal from the laboratory.

By signing this page, I am verifying that I have read the lab safety contract and agree to the
procedures and consequences listed within.

Student Signature: _______________________________________ Date: __________

Parent/Guardian Signature: __________________________________ Date: __________

Please list any allergies or medical problems that your teacher should be aware of:

Do you wear contact lenses? Yes No

Chemical Hygiene Plan 18

Appendix D – Science Department Safety Checklist

** This has been taken from the Virginia Department of Education, Safety in Science Teaching.
Located at
Chemical Hygiene Plan 19
Chemical Hygiene Plan 20

Appendix E – References

Commonwealth of Virginia, Department of Education. (2000). Safety in science

teaching. Retrieved from


OSHA Laboratory Standard. 29 CFR 1910.1450. Retrieved from

U.S. Consumer Safety Product Commission, Department of Health and Human

Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for

Occupational Safety and Health. (2006). School chemistry laboratory safety

guide. Retrieved from