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MATERIA:

DESARROLLO DEL ADOLESCENTE

PROFESORA:

PSIC. GUILLERMO GARCIA WONG.

AUTORES:

Alvarado Gustavo

Caiza Maria Fernanda

Castillo Patricia

Pulupa Joyce

Rubio Joel

FECHA:

30/06/2017

LÓGICA APLICADA A LA CLÍNICA 2017. Semestre A

2. RUDOLF CARNAP SENTIDO DE LO ”TAUTOLOGICO”

3. HANS REICHENBACH: ¿QUE SIGNIFICA EL DECIR QUE LA LOGICA ES

VACIA?

4. EVANDRO AGAZZI: VALORIZACION DE LA LOGICA SIMBOLICA

5. HANS REICHENBACH: IMPORTANCIA DE LA LOGICA POR SU

APLICACION A OTRAS DISCIPLINAS

6. Guillermo García Wong. EPISTEMOLOGIA Y LOGICA EN LAS

INVESTIGACIONES EN PSICOLOGÍA

1. Braunstein, Néstor. TEORÍA DEL SUJETO.

Carácter

común y a la

vez, presente

diferencias

para una

EL PROBLEMA SE MEDICALIZA separación

Enfermedad o trastorno

pensamiento un sistema subcategorias

Cuerpo Individuo

Especie en el marco de la

Lógico

clasificación psiquiátrica

Observa

Descubre Sin confiabilidad Psicología

Designa

Clasifica

Distingue y estudia las funciones

elementales.

No encerrarnos en la ciencia

Psiquiátrica

natural.

Espacio

No conocimiento de La descripción, no

las causas la especificación

Descripciones

Características

Herencia

PSIQUIATRICA Ideología del estado

ACTUAL

Crea categorías

separatistas

Burocrática

Institucionalizada

2. Pavard, Bernard. COMPLEXITY PARADIGM.

I. Key words. Before read the text of Pavard, search definitions of following key words.

Sources: internet and books, special Science dictionaries.

used to make conceptual distinctions and organize ideas. Strong conceptual frameworks

capture something real and do this in a way that is easy to remember and apply.

Methodological framework. - approach for making explicit and structuring how a given

task is performed.

problem down into the smaller pieces necessary to solve it. Each piece becomes a smaller

and easier problem to solve.

intelligent agents within an environment.

Neural networks. – is a computer system modeled on the human brain and nervous

system.

Ergonomy. – is a science that deals with designing and arranging things so that people

can use them easily and safely.

Classic mechanics. - the mathematical study of the motion of everyday objects and the

forces that affect them.

Quantum mechanics. - is a theory of matter that is based on the concept of the possession

of wave properties by elementary particles, that affords a mathematical interpretation of

the structure and interactions of matter on the basis of these properties, and that

incorporates within it quantum theory and the uncertainty principle.

point.

Algorithm. - an algorithm is a procedure or formula for solving a problem, based on

conducting a sequence of specific actions.

outcomes, or with the aim of approaching a desired goal, target or result.

purpose.

Three axes of The neutral network approach

complexity theory Theory of distributed or self organized

systems

demonstration impossible to find an exact solution to

these equations even for a system as

simple as that containing three planets

interacting in a non-linear fashion

investigation method?

Reassessed the epistemological consequence

Poincaré job of his work on non-linear systems

not have exact solutions and thus explore the

new field of complex systems.

4. What properties of neural networks could be used as metaphor for cognitive

process?

properties of classification and neural networks

extrapolation which has been used as a

metaphor for cognitive processes.

5. Why non linear properties are very important to understand neural networks?

of real neurones and to explore their

classification capabilities.

Self organization

autonomous agents interacting only locally may produce

“intelligent” global behaviour.

7. Why the distributed and self organized systems are drastically different from the

classical analytical approaches?

Self organization of representation

Non linear

input (Xn), you will not double the

output.

9. What happen when the growing factor (k) is 2.5 into the equation for cats-mice

population interaction?

two values population to come jumps incessantly

back to the same among an infinite

value. number of values in a

way which is

deterministic but cannot

10. What does chaotic behavior men? be predicted over a long

period

Chaotic behavior men Means unpredictability over

of time.

a certain period of time.

Iteration mean

Complexity arise only

Iteration Iteration

behavior

the components of the system, about the state of the system.

14. Deterministic behavior can be seen as a special case of chaotic behavior.

behavior

a special case of quantum mechanics

certain constant value.

Growth rate increases to 2

Bifurcation

population alternates between

different values,

N2 and N3 (period 2

oscillations), from one year to

17. For

onek>2.7 it is no longer possible to predict how the mice population will

another.

change from one year to one another. We are then in the “chaos” area.

“chaos” area

population fluctuates unpredictably within

two broad regions and finally only one which

is the chaos area.

The intermittency

chaotic behaviour.

area

19. What is the real relation between the theory of complex systems and the

analytical or structural approach?

theory of complex of local interactions, formalise the

systems and the relationship between individual

analytical or agents and their environment or other

structural approach agents in its vicinity.

20. What is the relation between linear approach and a non linear approach?

Approach and a non The linear and non linear approach (the

linear approach linear being seen as a special case of the

non linear). If the system is simplified

(linearised) the pendulum behaves in an

analytic way: its trajectory can be

modelled as an analytic solution.

21. When does the pendulum have analytic way and when has a chaotic way?

Pendulum

environment, the same pendulum starts

to show chaotic behaviour

Unpredictable behaviors

path (shown via the dotted pattern) which

is called strange attractor because at any

time the pendulum position is situated on

the attractor (a set of trajectories) but it

is

impossible to predict exactly on which

point in the trajectories the pendulum

will be.

23. How do the non linear characteristics of the interactions between the

components of the system undermines the traditional model of scientific

experiment?

Brought new insights to our vision of the world. The first conceptual

breakthrough was related to the notion of causality in deterministic

systems: even a perfectly causal system (a system where we know all of

the functional rules) may show unpredictable behaviour of trajectories)

but it is impossible to predict exactly on which point in the trajectories

the pendulum will be.

System behave increases in consequence. Takes

four years for the population to

come back to the same value.

.

Neural network are basically made of a set of

components (neurones) in

interconnections

.

Neural network composed is composed of a set of nodes.

Each node is connected to the

others via a set of links.

Nodes

Information is transmitted from the input to the output

cells depending of the strength of the links

28. What does information transmitting among cells depend of?

new empirical results concerning

how a neural system may encode and learn

information but it also started to undermine

the

traditional representational paradigm

30. Why in a connectionist network we can not speak of representation, context or

temporality?

Connectionist network. In this type of system, the

information arriving in the system is distributed

between a set of nodes (or neurones) as a function of

the strength of each link. The strengths of the links are

gradually adjusted using a training (or learning)

mechanism which compares the actual behaviour of

the network with the desired behaviour. In this type of

system, it is impossible to speak about representation,

context, or temporality, since all of these factors are

incorporated into one factor: the strength of the

connections.

concerning how a neural system may encode and learn

information but it also started to undermine the

traditional representational paradigm.

of it is evoked. Neural networks are excellent for

discrimination, pattern recognition, classification and

storing complex data sets.

3. Quine, W. V O. LÓGICA Y CONOCIMIENTO

Esfuerzo por conveniente de se cumplen su

dirimir los relacionar modificación al

Cada falsedad experiencias con sistema.

corresponde una Búsqueda de la enunciados Lógica Conocimiento

verdad verdaderos de experiencias

negación que es

verdadera los otros, que

son los falsos

Enunciados de La conexión entre Si entran en

virtud de la un enunciado y la conflicto

naturaleza del experiencia, lo cualquiera puede

mundo verifica prevalecer.

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