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UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE LABORATORIO DE SOLIDOS Y

Facultada de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas MEDIOS PARTICULADOS


Departamento de Ing. Civil

Ensayo Triaxial (ASTM D2850-70)

Muestra: DR = 35%

Ds [cm] 5.04 Hm [cm] 10 s3'


Dm [cm] 5.04 Peso [g] 305.37 Veloc. Def.
Di [cm] 5.04 winicial [%] 5 Área
wfinal [%]

BP P.Cam P.de Poros


s3 s3+Ds3 u u+Du Ds3 Du
[kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2]
2 2.1 4 1.98 3.81 1.9 1.83

Consolidación Corte
Tiempo Volumen Pres. Poros Deform. Anillo Volumen
[min] [cm3] [kg/cm2] 0,01mm Carga [volt] [cm3]
0 20 0 0.195 15
0.1 10 0.33 14.8
0.15 20 0.41 14.7
0.3 30 0.46 14.5
1 40 0.49 14.4
2.15 50 0.52 14.3
12.15 60 0.55 14.2
6.25 70 0.58 14.1
9 15.4 80 0.61 13.9
12.25 90 0.64 13.8
16 100 0.66 13.7
20.25 150 0.78 13.2
25 200 0.86 12.7
40 250 0.94 12.2
60 300 1.02 11.9
90 350 1.06 11.6
120 400 1.1 11.4
180 450 1.14 11.2
480 500 1.18 11
1440 600 1.23 10.7
D 700 1.27 10.6
800 1.3 10.4
Anillo N°: 900 1.33 10.3
3.500

3.000
3.500 1000 1.36 10.2
Calibración: 99.353 [kgf/volt] 1100 1.38 10.2
1200 1.4 10.2
Fecha: 1300 1.42 10.2
3.000 1400 1.43 10.2
Grupo: 1500 1.45 10.2
1600 1.46 10.2
1700 1.47 10.4
2.500 1800 1.48 10.5
1900 1.49 10.6
2000
2100
2.000
2200
2300 q
D
1.500

1.000

Muestra: DR = 70%
0.500
Ds [cm] 5.04 Hm [cm] 10 s3'
Dm [cm] 5.04 Peso [g] 329.04 Veloc. Def.
Di [cm] 5.04 winicial [%] 5
0.000 wfinal [%]
0.500 1.000 1.500 2.000 2.500 3.000 3.500 4.000 4.500
BP P.Cam P.de Poros
s3 s3+Ds3 u u+Du Ds3 Du
[kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2]
2 2.1 3 1.95 2.82 0.9 0.87

Consolidación Corte
Tiempo Volumen Pres. Poros Deform. Anillo Volumen
[min] [cm3] [kg/cm2] mm Carga [volt] [cm3]
0 20 0 0.002 15
0.1 0.1 0.005 15
0.15 0.2 0.005 14.9
0.3 0.3 0.006 14.9
1 17.5 0.4 0.009 14.9
2.15 0.5 0.02 14.7
12.15 0.6 0.03 14.6
6.25 0.7 0.04 14.5
9 0.8 0.05 14.3
12.25 0.9 0.059 14.2
16 1 0.068 14.1
20.25 1.5 0.104 13.9
25 2 0.121 13.9
40 2.5 0.13 14.1
60 3 0.135 14.3
90 3.5 0.138 14.5
120 4 0.141 14.8
180 4.5 0.142 15
480
1440
q v/s deformación unitaria axial
5
6
0.143
0.144
15.3
15.7
D3.500 7 0.144 16.2
8 0.142 16.6
Anillo N°: 9 0.138 16.9
3.000 10 0.132 17.1
Calibración: 509.03 [kgf/volt] 11 0.13 17.3
12 0.129 17.4
Fecha: 13 0.128 17.5
2.500 14 0.127 17.5
Grupo: 15 0.127 17.5
16 0.127 17.6
2.000 17 0.127 17.6
18
19
20
1.500

1.000

0.500

0.000
0.000 0.050 0.100 0.150 0.200 0.250
LABORATORIO DE SOLIDOS Y
MEDIOS PARTICULADOS

Salazar, Serrano, Silva, Tapia, Torres, Vivero.

[kg/cm2] 2 CALIBRACION
[%/min]
19.95037

alt consolidación 9.287925697


diámetro de cons 4.6811145511
B=Du/Ds3 área de cons 17.21029914
0.96

Anillo Volumen Deformación Def unitaria Carga


Carga [volt] [cm3] [mm] % kgf
0 0 0 0.000 0.000
0.135 -0.2 0.1 0.001 13.413
0.215 -0.3 0.2 0.002 21.361
0.265 -0.5 0.3 0.003 26.329
0.295 -0.6 0.4 0.004 29.309
0.325 -0.7 0.5 0.005 32.290
0.355 -0.8 0.6 0.006 35.270
0.385 -0.9 0.7 0.008 38.251
0.415 -1.1 0.8 0.009 41.231
0.445 -1.2 0.9 0.010 44.212
0.465 -1.3 1 0.011 46.199
0.585 -1.8 1.5 0.016 58.122
0.665 -2.3 2 0.022 66.070
0.745 -2.8 2.5 0.027 74.018
0.825 -3.1 3 0.032 81.966
0.865 -3.4 3.5 0.038 85.940
0.905 -3.6 4 0.043 89.914
0.945 -3.8 4.5 0.048 93.889
0.985 -4 5 0.054 97.863
1.035 -4.3 6 0.065 102.830
1.075 -4.4 7 0.075 106.804
1.105 -4.6 8 0.086 109.785
1.135 -4.7 Deformación volumétricaVolúmen v/
9 0.097 112.766
4

3
Deformación volumétricaVolúmen v/
1.165 -4.8 4 10 0.108 115.746
1.185 -4.8 11 0.118 117.733
1.205 -4.8 12 0.129 119.720
1.225 -4.8 3 13 0.140 121.707
1.235 -4.8 14 0.151 122.701
1.255 -4.8 15 0.162 124.688
2
1.265 -4.8 16 0.172 125.682
1.275 -4.6 17 0.183 126.675
1.285 -4.5 1 18 0.194 127.669
1.295 -4.4 19 0.205 128.662
0
0.000 0.050 0.100 0.150

q-p suelo -1
DR=35%

-2

-3

-4

-5
[kg/cm2] 1 CALIBRACION
[%/min]
-6

4.000 4.500
alt consolidación 9.6
diámetro de cons 4.8384
B=Du/Ds3 área de cons 18.38626098
0.97

Anillo Volumen Deformación Def unitaria Carga


Carga [volt] [cm3] [mm] % kgf
0 0 0 0.000 0.000
0.003 0 0.1 0.001 1.527
0.003 -0.1 0.2 0.002 1.527
0.004 -0.1 0.3 0.003 2.036
0.007 -0.1 0.4 0.004 3.563
0.018 -0.3 0.5 0.005 9.163
0.028 -0.4 0.6 0.006 14.253
0.038 -0.5 0.7 0.007 19.343
0.048 -0.7 0.8 0.008 24.433
0.057 -0.8 0.9 0.009 29.015
0.066 -0.9 1 0.010 33.596
0.102 -1.1 1.5 0.016 51.921
0.119 -1.1 2 0.021 60.575
0.128 -0.9 2.5 0.026 65.156
0.133 -0.7 3 0.031 67.701
0.136 -0.5 3.5 0.036 69.228
0.139 -0.2 4 0.042 70.755
0.14 0 4.5 0.047 71.264

unitaria axial
0.141
0.142
0.3
0.7
5
6
0.052
0.063
71.773
72.282
0.142 1.2 7 0.073 72.282
0.14 1.6 8 0.083 71.264
0.136 1.9 9 0.094 69.228
0.13 2.1 10 0.104 66.174
0.128 2.3 11 0.115 65.156
0.127 2.4 12 0.125 64.647
0.126 2.5 13 0.135 64.138
0.125 2.5 14 0.146 63.629
0.125 2.5 15 0.156 63.629
0.125 2.6 16 0.167 63.629
0.125 2.6 17 0.177 63.629
Suelo
DR=70%
Suelo Dr=35%

0.200 0.250
Volúmen corregÁrea Corregidadelta sigma sigma 1
[cm^3] [cm^2] [kgf/cm^2] q p
199.504 17.210 0.000 2.000 0.000 2.000
203.713 17.229 0.778 2.778 0.389 2.259
205.932 17.247 1.238 3.238 0.619 2.413
210.158 17.266 1.525 3.525 0.762 2.508
212.389 17.285 1.696 3.696 0.848 2.565
214.624 17.303 1.866 3.866 0.933 2.622
216.865 17.322 2.036 4.036 1.018 2.679
219.110 17.341 2.206 4.206 1.103 2.735
223.373 17.360 2.375 4.375 1.188 2.792
225.631 17.379 2.544 4.544 1.272 2.848
227.893 17.398 2.655 4.655 1.328 2.885
239.279 17.493 3.323 5.323 1.661 3.108
250.790 17.589 3.756 5.756 1.878 3.252
262.428 17.686 4.185 6.185 2.093 3.395
270.073 17.785 4.609 6.609 2.304 3.536
277.804 17.884 4.805 6.805 2.403 3.602
283.536 17.985 4.999 6.999 2.500 3.666
289.333 18.087 5.191 7.191 2.596 3.730
295.197 18.190 5.380 7.380 2.690 3.793
304.993 18.399 5.589 7.589 2.794 3.863
310.702 18.613 5.738 7.738 2.869 3.913
318.729 18.832 5.830 7.830 2.915 3.943
n volumétricaVolúmen v/s Deformación axial
324.738 19.057 5.917 7.917 2.959 3.972
n volumétricaVolúmen v/s Deformación axial
330.891 19.287 6.001 8.001 3.001 4.000
334.933 19.522 6.031 8.031 3.015 4.010
339.074 19.764 6.058 8.058 3.029 4.019
343.319 20.011 6.082 8.082 3.041 4.027
347.671 20.265 6.055 8.055 3.027 4.018
352.135 20.525 6.075 8.075 3.037 4.025
356.716 20.792 6.045 8.045 3.022 4.015
356.533 21.066 6.013 8.013 3.007 4.004
358.820 21.347 5.981 7.981 2.990 3.994
361.168 21.636 5.947 7.947 2.973 3.982

0.100 0.150 0.200 0.250


Muestra
70%

Volúmen corregÁrea Corregidadelta sigma sigma 1


[cm^3] [cm^2] [kgf/cm^2] q p
199.504 18.386 0.000 1.000 0.000 1.000
199.712 18.405 0.083 1.083 0.041 1.028
201.919 18.425 0.083 1.083 0.041 1.028
202.130 18.444 0.110 1.110 0.055 1.037
202.342 18.463 0.193 1.193 0.096 1.064
206.565 18.483 0.496 1.496 0.248 1.165
208.789 18.502 0.770 1.770 0.385 1.257
211.018 18.521 1.044 2.044 0.522 1.348
215.263 18.541 1.318 2.318 0.659 1.439
217.503 18.560 1.563 2.563 0.782 1.521
219.748 18.580 1.808 2.808 0.904 1.603
224.964 18.678 2.780 3.780 1.390 1.927
226.161 18.777 3.226 4.226 1.613 2.075
223.273 18.878 3.451 4.451 1.726 2.150
220.355 18.979 3.567 4.567 1.784 2.189
217.405 19.082 3.628 4.628 1.814 2.209
212.341 19.186 3.688 4.688 1.844 2.229
209.315 19.291 3.694 4.694 1.847 2.231
204.151 19.396 3.700 4.700 1.850 2.233
197.908 19.612 3.686 4.686 1.843 2.229
189.372 19.832 3.645 4.645 1.822 2.215
182.818 20.058 3.553 4.553 1.776 2.184
178.315 20.288 3.412 4.412 1.706 2.137
175.934 20.524 3.224 4.224 1.612 2.075
173.498 20.766 3.138 4.138 1.569 2.046
173.283 21.013 3.077 4.077 1.538 2.026
173.063 21.266 3.016 4.016 1.508 2.005
175.174 21.525 2.956 3.956 1.478 1.985
177.337 21.791 2.920 3.920 1.460 1.973
177.159 22.064 2.884 3.884 1.442 1.961
179.402 22.343 2.848 3.848 1.424 1.949