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2/4/2019 Copper.

org - C12200 Alloy

A Copper Alliance Member

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C12200*
Find suppliers for this alloy
Tradename: Phosphorus-Deoxidized, High Residual P
Designation: DHP
Type: Wrought
Class: COPPERS, Coppers
Active? True
Inactive Date:
Antimicrobial? True

Chemical Composition
Element

Cu(1,2) P

Min (%) 99.9 0.015

Max (%) 0.040


(1) This includes oxygen-free Cu which contains P in an amount agreed upon.
(2) Cu value includes Ag.

Mechanical Properties*
YS-
Tensile 0.5% Shear Fatigue
Temper Strength Ext Elongation Rockwell Rockwell Rockwell Strength Strength**
Form Temper Code (ksi) (ksi) (%) B scale F scale 30T scale (ksi) (ksi)

Flat 1/2 36  
H02 42   Typ 14   Typ 40   Typ 84   Typ 50   Typ 26   Typ 13   Typ
Products Hard Typ

30  
H01 38   Typ 35   Typ 25   Typ 70   Typ 25   Typ
1/4 Typ
Hard 30  
H01 38   Typ 25   Typ 25   Typ 70   Typ 36   Typ 25   Typ
Typ

1/8 28  
H00 36   Typ 30   Typ 10   Typ 60   Typ 25   Typ 25   Typ
Hard Typ

* Measured at room temperature, 68°F (20°C).


** Fatigue Strength: 100 x 106 cycles, unless indicated as [N] x 106.
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YS-
Tensile 0.5% Shear Fatigue
Temper Strength Ext Elongation Rockwell Rockwell Rockwell Strength Strength**
Form Temper Code (ksi) (ksi) (%) B scale F scale 30T scale (ksi) (ksi)

28  
H00 36   Typ 40   Typ 10   Typ 60   Typ 25   Typ
Typ

10  
M20 32   Typ 50   Typ 40   Typ 22   Typ
As Hot Typ
Rolled 10  
M20 34   Typ 45   Typ 45   Typ 23   Typ
Typ

Extra 53  
H10 57   Typ 4   Typ 62   Typ 95   Typ 64   Typ 29   Typ
Spring Typ

45  
H04 50   Typ 6   Typ 50   Typ 90   Typ 57   Typ 28   Typ 13   Typ
Typ

40  
Hard H04 45   Typ 20   Typ 45   Typ 85   Typ 26   Typ
Typ

45  
H04 50   Typ 12   Typ 50   Typ 90   Typ 28   Typ
Typ

Nominal
Grain
11  
Size OS025 34   Typ 45   Typ 45   Typ 23   Typ 11   Typ
Typ
0.025
mm

Nominal 10  
OS050 32   Typ 50   Typ 40   Typ 22   Typ
Grain Typ
Size
0.050 10  
OS050 32   Typ 45   Typ 40   Typ 22   Typ
mm Typ

50  
Spring H08 55   Typ 4   Typ 60   Typ 94   Typ 63   Typ 29   Typ 14   Typ
Typ

45  
Pipe Hard H04 50   Typ 10   Typ 50   Typ 90   Typ 28   Typ
Typ

Tube Hard 50  
H80 55   Typ 8   Typ 60   Typ 95   Typ 63   Typ 29   Typ 19   Typ
Drawn Typ

Light
Drawn,
32  
Light H55 40   Typ 25   Typ 35   Typ 77   Typ 45   Typ 26   Typ 14   Typ
Typ
Cold
Rolled

Nominal
Grain
11  
Size OS025 34   Typ 45   Typ 45   Typ 23   Typ
Typ
0.025
mm

* Measured at room temperature, 68°F (20°C).


** Fatigue Strength: 100 x 106 cycles, unless indicated as [N] x 106.
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YS-
Tensile 0.5% Shear Fatigue
Temper Strength Ext Elongation Rockwell Rockwell Rockwell Strength Strength**
Form Temper Code (ksi) (ksi) (%) B scale F scale 30T scale (ksi) (ksi)

Nominal
Grain
10  
Size OS050 32   Typ 45   Typ 40   Typ 22   Typ 11   Typ
Typ
0.050
mm
* Measured at room temperature, 68°F (20°C).
** Fatigue Strength: 100 x 106 cycles, unless indicated as [N] x 106.

Physical Properties
Melting Point - Liquidus °F 1981

Density lb/cu in. at 68°F 0.323

Speci c Gravity 8.94

Electrical Conductivity % IACS at 68°F 85

Thermal Conductivity Btu/ sq ft/ ft hr/ °F at 68°F 196

Coe cient of Thermal Expansion 68-212 10⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 212°F) 9.4

Coe cient of Thermal Expansion 68-392 10⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 392°F) 9.5

Coe cient of Thermal Expansion 68-572 10⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 572°F) 9.8

Speci c Heat Capacity Btu/ lb /°F at 68°F 0.092

Modulus of Elasticity in Tension ksi 17000

Modulus of Rigidity ksi 6400

Fabrication Properties
Technique Suitability

Soldering Excellent

Brazing Excellent

Oxyacetylene Welding Good

Gas Shielded Arc Welding Excellent

Coated Metal Arc Welding Not Recommended

Spot Weld Not Recommended

Seam Weld Not Recommended

Butt Weld Good

Capacity for Being Cold Worked Excellent

Capacity for Being Hot Formed Excellent

Forgeability Rating 65

Machinability Rating 20

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Common Fabrication Processes
Blanking
Coining
Coppersmithing
Drawing
Etching
Forming and Bending
Heading and Upsetting
Hot Forging and Pressing
Piercing and Punching
Roll Threading and Knurling
Shearing
Spinning
Squeezing and Swaging
Stamping

    

Thermal Properties
Treatment Minimum* Maximum* Value*

Annealing 750 1200

Hot Working Temp 1400


*
Temperature is measured in Fahrenheit.

Typical uses
Product
Category Product Reason Category Reason

Architecture Downspouts Appearance Appearance

Corrosion
Downspouts Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Forming
Downspouts Formability
Characteristics

Flashing Appearance Appearance

Corrosion
Flashing Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Forming
Flashing Formability
Characteristics

Gutters Appearance Appearance

Corrosion
Gutters Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Forming
Gutters Formability
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Product
Category Product Reason Category Reason

Roo ng Appearance Appearance

Corrosion
Roo ng Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Forming
Roo ng Formability
Characteristics

Air Lines Pressure Tight Pressure Tight

Air Lines Solderability Solderability

Corrosion
Hydraulic Lines Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Hydraulic Lines Pressure Tight Pressure Tight

Hydraulic Lines Solderability Solderability


Automotive
Conductivity
Oil Lines Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Oil Lines Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Corrosion
Oil Lines Corrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Resistance

Oil Lines Pressure Tight Pressure Tight

Air Conditioner Tubes and Conductivity


Thermal Conductivity
Condenser Sheets (Thermal)

Air Conditioner Tubes and Corrosion


Corrosion Resistance
Condenser Sheets Resistance

Air Conditioner Tubes and Forming


Formability
Condenser Sheets Characteristics

Air Conditioner Tubes and


Solderability Solderability
Condenser Sheets

Gas Lines Pressure Tight Pressure Tight

Gas Lines Solderability Solderability

Conductivity
Building Heater Lines Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Heater Lines Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Conductivity
Heater Units Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Heater Units Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Corrosion
Oil Burner Tubes Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Oil Burner Tubes Pressure Tight Pressure Tight

Oil Burner Tubes Solderability Solderability

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Product
Category Product Reason Category Reason

Brazing
Air Conditioners Brazability
Characteristics

Conductivity
Air Conditioners Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Air Conditioners Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Air Conditioners Pressure Tight Pressure Tight

Consumer Conductivity
Refrigerators Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Refrigerators Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Forming
Refrigerators Formability
Characteristics

Refrigerators Pressure Tight Pressure Tight

Refrigerators Solderability Solderability

Conductivity
Heater Elements Electrical Conductivity
(Electrical)

Conductivity
Heater Elements Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Heater Elements Corrosion Resistance
Resistance
Electrical
Conductivity
Wire Connectors Electrical Conductivity
(Electrical)

Conductivity
Wire Connectors Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Wire Connectors Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Industrial Corrosion
Air Lines in Airplanes Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Air Lines in Airplanes Pressure Tight Pressure Tight

Air Lines in Airplanes Solderability Solderability

Conductivity
Anodes for Electroplating Electrical Conductivity
(Electrical)

Conductivity
Anodes for Electroplating Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Brewery Tubes Appearance Appearance

Conductivity
Brewery Tubes Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Brewery Tubes Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Brazing
Casting Molds Brazability
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Characteristics 6/26
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Product
Category Product Reason Category Reason

Conductivity
Casting Molds Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Casting Molds Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Mechanical
Casting Molds Moderate Strength
Properties

Conductivity
Condenser Tubes Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Condenser Tubes Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Condenser Tubes Solderability Solderability

Conductivity
Dairy Tubes Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Dairy Tubes Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Dairy Tubes Solderability Solderability

Conductivity
Distiller Tubes Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Distiller Tubes Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Distiller Tubes Solderability Solderability

Conductivity
Evaporator Tubes Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Evaporator Tubes Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Conductivity
Expansion Joint Tubes Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Expansion Joint Tubes Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Forming
Expansion Joint Tubes Formability
Characteristics

Expansion Joint Tubes Pressure Tight Pressure Tight

Expansion Joint Tubes Solderability Solderability

Conductivity
Gage Lines Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Gage Lines Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Gage Lines Solderability Solderability

Conductivity
Gasoline Lines in Airplanes Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Gasoline Lines in Airplanes Solderability Solderability


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Product
Category Product Reason Category Reason

Conductivity
Heat Exchanger Shells Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Heat Exchanger Shells Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Heat Exchanger Shells Pressure Tight Pressure Tight

Conductivity
Heat Exchanger Tubes Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Heat Exchanger Tubes Pressure Tight Pressure Tight

Corrosion
Hydraulic Lines in Airplanes Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Hydraulic Lines in Airplanes Pressure Tight Pressure Tight

Hydraulic Lines in Airplanes Solderability Solderability

Kettles Appearance Appearance

Conductivity
Kettles Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Kettles Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Conductivity
Oil Coolers in Airplanes Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Oil Coolers in Airplanes Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Oil Coolers in Airplanes Pressure Tight Pressure Tight

Conductivity
Oil Lines in Airplanes Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Oil Lines in Airplanes Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Oil Lines in Airplanes Pressure Tight Pressure Tight

Conductivity
Paper Lines Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Paper Lines Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Conductivity
Paper Rolls Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Paper Rolls Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Conductivity
Plating Anodes Electrical Conductivity
(Electrical)

Corrosion
Plating Anodes Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Corrosion
Plating Anodes Corrosion Resistance to Chemicals
Resistance
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Product
Category Product Reason Category Reason

Mechanical
Plating Anodes Moderate Strength
Properties

Plating
Plating Anodes Plateable
Characteristics

Conductivity
Plating Hangers Electrical Conductivity
(Electrical)

Corrosion
Plating Hangers Corrosion Resistance to Chemicals
Resistance

Corrosion
Plating Racks Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Mechanical
Plating Racks Moderate Strength
Properties

Plating
Plating Racks Plateable
Characteristics

Conductivity
Plumbing Tube Electrical Conductivity
(Electrical)

Corrosion
Plumbing Tube Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Forming
Plumbing Tube Formability
Characteristics

Welding
Plumbing Tube Weldability
Characteristics

Conductivity
Print Rolls Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Print Rolls Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Conductivity
Pulp Lines Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Pulp Lines Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Conductivity
Rotating Bands Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Rotating Bands Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Conductivity
Steam Lines Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Steam Lines Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Steam Lines Creep Properties Creep Resistant

Mechanical
Steam Lines Retains Strength at High Temperatures
Properties

Steam Lines Pressure Tight Pressure Tight


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Product
Category Product Reason Category Reason

Conductivity
Sugar House Re nery Lines Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Sugar House Re nery Lines Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Corrosion
Tanks Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Tubing, LP Gas Service

Tubing, Medical Gas- Oxygen

Brazing
Water Lines Brazability
Characteristics

Corrosion
Water Lines Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Forming
Water Lines Formability
Characteristics

Water Lines Solderability Solderability

Corrosion
Gasoline Lines Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Gasoline Lines Pressure Tight Pressure Tight

Gasoline Lines Solderability Solderability

Marine Conductivity
Oil Coolers Thermal Conductivity
(Thermal)

Corrosion
Oil Coolers Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Corrosion
Oil Coolers Corrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Resistance

Corrosion
Plumbing Fittings Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Corrosion Corrosion Resistance to Hydrogen


Plumbing Fittings
Resistance Embrittlememt

Forming
Plumbing Fittings Formability
Characteristics

Plumbing Fittings Solderability Solderability


Plumbing
Brazing
Plumbing Pipe Brazability
Characteristics

Corrosion
Plumbing Pipe Corrosion Resistance
Resistance

Forming
Plumbing Pipe Formability
Characteristics

Plumbing Pipe Solderability Solderability

Applicable Speci cations


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Sub-
Form Form Speci c Sub-Form Temper Application System Standard Description

Standard
ASTM B224 Classi cation o
Coppers

Detection of
Cuperous Oxid
(Hydrogen
ASTM B577
Embrittlement
Susceptibility)
Copper

BANDS,
Projectile
MILITARY MIL-B-18907 PROJECTILE
Rotating
ROTATING
Bands BLANKS,
Projectile ROTATING
MILITARY MIL-B-20292
Rotating BAND, FOR
PROJECTILES

COPPER ROD
ASME SB133
AND BAR

COPPER SHEET
STRIP, PLATE,
ASME SB152
AND ROLLED
BAR

COPPER SHEET
STRIP, PLATE
ASTM B152/B152M
AND ROLLED
Bar BAR

COPPER BUS
ASTM B187/B187M BAR, ROD AND
SHAPES

WROUGHT AN
SAE J461 CAST COPPER
ALLOYS

WROUGHT
SAE J463 COPPER AND
COPPER ALLO

BRAZING
ALLOY, COPPE
Brazing Filler
FEDERAL QQ-B-650 COPPER-ZINC,
Metal
AND COPPER-
PHOSPHORUS

WELDED
COPPER AND
Condenser &
COPPER-ALLO
Heat
CONDENSER
Exchanger Welded ASTM B956/B956M
AND HEAT
Tube with
EXCHANGER
Integral Fins
TUBES WITH
https://alloys.copper.org/alloy/C12200
INTEGRAL FINS
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Sub-
Form Form Speci c Sub-Form Temper Application System Standard Description

WROUGHT
COPPER AND
COPPER ALLO
ASME B16.22
SOLDER-JOINT
PRESSURE
FITTINGS
Fitting
WROUGHT
COPPER AND
COPPER ALLO
ASME B16.29
SOLDER-JOINT
DRAINAGE
FITTINGS

COPPER HEAT
EXCHANGER
ASTM B903 TUBE WITH
INTERNAL
Heat ENHACEMENT
Exchanger
Tube Welded Coper
Heat Exchange
Welded ASTM B919 Tube with
Internal
Enhancment

BRASS, COPPE
AND
Nipples ASTM B687 CHROMIUM
PLATED PIPE
NIPPLES

SEAMLESS
COPPER PIPE,
ASME SB42
STANDARD
SIZES

THREADLESS
Threadless(Seamless) ASTM B302
COPPER PIPE

Pipe SEAMLESS
COPPER PIPE,
ASTM B42
STANDARD
SIZES

COPPER,
COPPER ALLO
ASTM B698
PLUMBING PIP
AND TUBE

Plate COPPER SHEET


STRIP, PLATE,
ASME SB152
AND ROLLED
BAR

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Sub-
Form Form Speci c Sub-Form Temper Application System Standard Description

COPPER SHEET
STRIP, PLATE
ASTM B152/B152M
AND ROLLED
BAR

COPPER AND
COPPER ALLO
Clad ASTM B432
CLAD STEEL
PLATE

PHOSPHORIZE
COPPERS-
ASTM B379
REFINERY
SHAPES
Re nery HIGH
Shapes CONDUCTIVIT
TOUGH-PITCH
ASTM B5
COPPER
REFINERY
SHAPES

COPPER ROD
ASME SB133
AND BAR

WROUGHT AN
SAE J461 CAST COPPER
Rod
ALLOYS

WROUGHT
SAE J463 COPPER AND
COPPER ALLO

COPPER BUS
ASTM B187/B187M BAR, ROD AND
SHAPES

WROUGHT AN
Shapes SAE J461 CAST COPPER
ALLOYS

WROUGHT
SAE J463 COPPER AND
COPPER ALLO

Sheet COPPER SHEET


STRIP, PLATE,
ASME SB152
AND ROLLED
BAR

LEAD-COATED
Lead Coated ASTM B101
COPPER SHEET

COPPER SHEET
STRIP, PLATE
ASTM B152/B152M
AND ROLLED
BAR

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Sub-
Form Form Speci c Sub-Form Temper Application System Standard Description

COPPER SHEET
Building AND STRIP FO
ASTM B370
Construction BUILDING
CONSTRUCTIO

COPPER CLAD
STAINLESS
STEEL SHEET
Clad ASTM B506
AND STRIP FO
BUILDING
CONSTRUCTIO

WROUGHT AN
SAE J461 CAST COPPER
ALLOYS

WROUGHT
SAE J463 COPPER AND
COPPER ALLO

COPPER SHEET
STRIP, PLATE,
ASME SB152
AND ROLLED
BAR

COPPER SHEET
STRIP, PLATE
ASTM B152/B152M
AND ROLLED
BAR

COPPER FLAT
PRODUCTS
WITH FINISHED
ASTM B272 (ROLLED OR
DRAWN) EDGE
(FLAT WIRE AN
STRIP)

Strip COPPER SHEET


Building AND STRIP FO
ASTM B370
Construction BUILDING
CONSTRUCTIO

COPPER CLAD
STAINLESS
STEEL SHEET
Clad ASTM B506
AND STRIP FO
BUILDING
CONSTRUCTIO

WROUGHT AN
SAE J461 CAST COPPER
ALLOYS

WROUGHT
SAE J463 COPPER AND
COPPER ALLO

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Sub-
Form Form Speci c Sub-Form Temper Application System Standard Description

Tube COPPER AND


COPPER ALLO
Condenser SEAMLESS
ASME SB111
Tube CONDENSER
TUBES &
FERRULE STOC

COPPER &
COPPER ALLO
SEAMLESS
CONDENSER &
Finned ASME SB359
HEAT
EXCHANGER
TUBES WITH
INTEGRAL FINS

U-BEND
SEAMLESS
COPPER &
COPPER ALLO
U-Bend ASME SB395
HEAT
EXCHANGER &
CONDENSER
TUBE

WELDED
COPPER AND
Welded ASME SB543
COPPER ALLO
TUBE

SEAMLESS
Seamless ASME SB75
COPPER TUBE

COPPER AND
COPPER ALLO
Condenser SEAMLESS
ASTM B111/B111M
Tube CONDENSER
TUBES AND
FERRULE STOC

SEAMLESS
For Air COPPER TUBE
Conditioning FOR AIR
And ASTM B280 CONDITIONIN
Refrigeration AND
Field Servi REFRIGERATIO
FIELD SERVICE

COPPER
Drainage
ASTM B306 DRAINAGE
(DWV)
TUBE (DWV)

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Sub-
Form Form Speci c Sub-Form Temper Application System Standard Description

COPPER AND
COPPER-ALLO
SEAMLESS
CONDENSER
Finned ASTM B359/B359M
AND HEAT
EXCHANGER
TUBES WITH
INTEGRAL FINS

HARD-DRAWN
COPPER
CAPILLARY
Capillary ASTM B360
TUBE FOR
RESTRICTOR
APPLICATIONS

U-BEND
SEAMLESS
COPPER AND
COPPER ALLO
U-Bend ASTM B395/B395M HEAT
EXCHANGER
AND
CONDENSER
TUBES

WELDED
Welded ASTM B447
COPPER TUBE

WELDED
COPPER AND
COPPER ALLO
Welded ASTM B543/B543M
HEAT
EXCHANGER
TUBE

WELDED
COPPER AND
For Air
COPPER ALLO
Conditioning
TUBE FOR AIR
And ASTM B640
CONDITIONIN
Refrigeration
AND
Field Servi
REFRIGERATIO
SERVICE

SEAMLESS AND
WELDED
Welded ASTM B641 COPPER
DISTRIBUTION
TUBE (TYPE D)

SEAMLESS AND
WELDED
Seamless ASTM B641 COPPER
DISTRIBUTION
TUBE (TYPE D)
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Sub-
Form Form Speci c Sub-Form Temper Application System Standard Description

SEAMLESS
Annealed
Bright COPPER TUBE
Seamless Tempers, ASTM B68/B68M
Annealed BRIGHT
O
ANNEALED

COPPER,
COPPER ALLO
ASTM B698
PLUMBING PIP
AND TUBE

WELDED
Welded ASTM B716 COPPER WATE
TUBE

SEAMLESS
ASTM B743 COPPER TUBE
IN COILS

SEAMLESS
Seamless ASTM B75/B75M
COPPER TUBE

TUBE,
CONDENSER
AND HEAT
Finned MILITARY MIL-T-22214
EXCHANGER
WITH INTEGRA
FINS

TUBE, COPPER
Seamless MILITARY MIL-T-24107
SEAMLESS

TUBE, COPPER
Seamless MILITARY MIL-T-3235 SEAMLESS (FO
TORPEDO USE

WROUGHT AN
Seamless SAE J461 CAST COPPER
ALLOYS

For Air
Conditioning WROUGHT AN
And SAE J461 CAST COPPER
Refrigeration ALLOYS
Field Servi

For Air
Conditioning WROUGHT
And SAE J463 COPPER AND
Refrigeration COPPER ALLO
Field Servi

WROUGHT
Seamless SAE J463 COPPER AND
COPPER ALLO

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Sub-
Form Form Speci c Sub-Form Temper Application System Standard Description

SEAMLESS
COPPER TUBE
FOR NATURAL
GAS AND
Tube for Gas
Seamless ASTM B837 LIQUIFIED
Transmission
PETROLEUM
(LP) GAS FUEL
DISTRIBUTION
SYSTEMS

SEAMLESS
Tube,
COPPER TUBE
Stainless for ASTM B819
FOR MEDICAL
Medical Gas
GAS SYSTEMS

SEAMLESS
Seamless Water ASTM B88 COPPER WATE
TUBE
Tube, water
SEAMLESS
ASTM B88M COPPER WATE
TUBE (METRIC

COPPER FLAT
PRODUCTS
WITH FINISHED
Wire Flat ASTM B272 (ROLLED OR
DRAWN) EDGE
(FLAT WIRE AN
STRIP)

Corrosion Properties
Environmental Speci c Resistance
Category Environment Level Corrosion notes

Excellent Resistant at cryogenic and room temperatures

Alkali Aluminum Corrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in


Excellent
Hydroxide presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates

Ammonium Reduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion


Poor
Hydroxide formation

Barium Corrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in


Excellent
Carbonate presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates

Barium Corrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in


Excellent
Hydroxide presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates

Black Liquor, Corrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with


Fair
Sulfate Process traces of moisture

Calcium Corrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in


Excellent
Hydroxide presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates

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Environmental Speci c Resistance
Category Environment Level Corrosion notes

Corrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in


Lime Excellent
presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates

Corrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with


Lime-Sulfur Fair
traces of moisture

Magnesium Corrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in


Excellent
Hydroxide presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates

Potassium Corrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in


Excellent
Carbonate presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates

Potassium Corrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in


Good
Hydroxide presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates

Sodium Corrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in


Good
Bicarbonate presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates

Sodium Corrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in


Excellent
Carbonate presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates

Sodium Corrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in


Good
Hydroxide presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates

Sodium
Excellent
Phosphate

Corrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in


Sodium Silicate Excellent
presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates

Corrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with


Sodium Sul de Fair
traces of moisture

Atmosphere, A ected by pollutants and other environmental factors.


Excellent
Industrial Hydrogen sul de causes rapid tarnishing.

Atmosphere, Protective green basic copper chloride or carbonate


Atmosphere Excellent
Marine patina.

Atmosphere,
Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack
Rural

Chlor. organic Carbon


Corrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with
Tetrachloride, Excellent
traces of moisture
Dry

Carbon
Tetracholoride, Good Corrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Moist

Corrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with


Chloroform, Dry Excellent
traces of moisture

Corrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with


Ethyl Chloride Good
traces of moisture

Methyl Chloride, Corrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with


Excellent
Dry traces of moisture

Trichlorethylene, Corrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with


Excellent
Dry traces of moisture

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Environmental Speci c Resistance
Category Environment Level Corrosion notes

Trichlorethylene,
Good Corrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Moist

Corrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with


Oleic Acid Excellent
traces of moisture

Corrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with


Fatty acid Palmitic Acid Good
traces of moisture

Corrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with


Stearic Acid Good
traces of moisture

Beer Excellent May a ect color or taste

Beet Sugar
Excellent May a ect color or taste
Syrups

Cane Sugar
Excellent May a ect color or taste
Syrups

Carbonated
Good Acidity increases corrosion. May a ect color or taste.
Beverages

Carbonated
Good Acidity increases corrosion. May a ect color or taste.
Water

Food/beverage Cider Excellent May a ect color or taste

Co ee Excellent May a ect color or taste

Corn Oil Excellent May a ect color or taste

Cottonseed Oil Excellent May a ect color or taste

Fruit Juices Good Acidity increases corrosion. May a ect color or taste.

Gelatine Excellent May a ect color or taste

Milk Excellent May a ect color or taste

Sugar Solutions Excellent May a ect color or taste

Vinegar Good Acidity increases corrosion. May a ect color or taste.

Ammonia,
Excellent Rapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Absolutely Dry

Ammonia, Moist Poor More corrosion resistant in dry gas

Carbon Dioxide,
Excellent Corrosion increases with trace of moisture
Dry
Gas
Carbon Dioxide,
Good More corrosion resistant in dry gas
Moist

Copper and copper alloys containing copper oxide


Hydrogen Excellent
susceptible to attack

Oxygen Excellent Scaling at elevated temperatures

Halogen gas Bromine, Dry Excellent Rapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture

Bromine, Moist Good More corrosion resistant in dry gas

Chlorine, Dry Excellent Rapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture

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Environmental Speci c Resistance
Category Environment Level Corrosion notes

Chlorine, Moist Fair More corrosion resistant in dry gas

Acetylene Poor Forms explosive compound in presence of moisture

Contaminants such as water, sul des, acids and various


Asphalt Excellent
organic compounds can increase corrosion signi cantly

Contaminants such as water, sul des, acids and various


Benzine Excellent
organic compounds can increase corrosion signi cantly

Contaminants such as water, sul des, acids and various


Benzol Excellent
organic compounds can increase corrosion signi cantly

Contaminants such as water, sul des, acids and various


Butane Excellent
organic compounds can increase corrosion signi cantly

Contaminants such as water, sul des, acids and various


Creosote Excellent
organic compounds can increase corrosion signi cantly

Careful consideration must be given to speci c


Crude Oil Good contaminants when selecting materials for this complex
environment

Contaminants such as water, sul des, acids and various


Freon Excellent
organic compounds can increase corrosion signi cantly

Contaminants such as water, sul des, acids and various


Hydrocarbon Fuel Oil Excellent
organic compounds can increase corrosion signi cantly

Contaminants such as water, sul des, acids and various


Gasoline Excellent
organic compounds can increase corrosion signi cantly

Hydrocarbons, Contaminants such as water, sul des, acids and various


Excellent
Pure organic compounds can increase corrosion signi cantly

Contaminants such as water, sul des, acids and various


Kerosene Excellent
organic compounds can increase corrosion signi cantly

Contaminants such as water, sul des, acids and various


Natural Gas Good
organic compounds can increase corrosion signi cantly

Contaminants such as water, sul des, acids and various


Para n Excellent
organic compounds can increase corrosion signi cantly

Contaminants such as water, sul des, acids and various


Propane Excellent
organic compounds can increase corrosion signi cantly

Not Contaminants such as water, sul des, acids and various


Tar
Recommended organic compounds can increase corrosion signi cantly

Contaminants such as water, sul des, acids and various


Turpentine Excellent
organic compounds can increase corrosion signi cantly

Inorg. acid Increased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with


non-ox. Boric Acid Excellent oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates,
permanganates and sulfates

Increased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with


Carbolic Acid Good oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates,
permanganates and sulfates

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Environmental Speci c Resistance
Category Environment Level Corrosion notes

Increased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with


Hydrobromic
Fair oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates,
Acid
permanganates and sulfates

Hydrochloric Generally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free,


Fair
Acid dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions

Hydrocyanic Reduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion


Poor
Acid formation

Hydro uoric Generally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free,


Fair
Acid dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions

Hydro uosilicic Generally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free,


Good
Acid dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions

Increased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with


Phosphoric Acid Good oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates,
permanganates and sulfates

Sulfuric Acid Good Not suitable for hot concentrated solutions

Chromic Acid Poor Severe oxidizing environment.

Nitric Acid Poor Severe oxidizing environment.


Inorg. acid ox.
Increased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with
Sulfurous Acid Good oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates,
permanganates and sulfates

Liquid metal Mercury Poor Severe liquid metal embrittlement

Glue Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack

Linseed Oil Good Low corrosion rates, no localized attack

Rosin Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack

Miscellaneous Sewage Corrosion a ected by salt concentration, temperature,


Excellent
velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.

Corrosion a ected by salt concentration, temperature,


Soap Solutions Excellent
velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.

Varnish Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack

Neutral/acid Alum Good


salt
Alumina Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack

Aluminum
Good Strong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Chloride

Aluminum
Good Suitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sulfate

Ammonium Reduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion


Poor
Chloride formation

Ammonium Reduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion


Fair
Sulfate formation

Barium Chloride Good Strong agitation and aeration increases corrosion

Barium Sulfate Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack


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Environmental Speci c Resistance
Category Environment Level Corrosion notes

Barium Sul de Fair High zinc content alloys preferred

Calcium
Good Hydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Chloride

Carbon Disul de Good High zinc content alloys preferred

Magnesium
Good Hydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Chloride

Magnesium
Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sulfate

Potassium
Good Hydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Chloride

Potassium Reduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion


Poor
Cyanide formation

Potassium
Poor Highly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Dichromate Acid

Potassium
Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sulfate

Sodium Bisulfate Good Suitable for neutral or alkaline conditions

Sodium Chloride Good Hydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition

Sodium Cyanide Poor Low corrosion rates, no localized attack

Sodium
Dichromate, Poor Highly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Acid

Sodium Sulfate Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack

Sodium Sul te Good Suitable for neutral or alkaline conditions

Sodium
Fair High zinc content alloys preferred
Thiosulfate

Zinc Chloride Fair Hydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition

Zinc Sulfate Good Suitable for neutral or alkaline conditions

Org. solvent Resistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids,


Acetone Excellent
alkalies or salts

Resistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids,


Alcohols Excellent
alkalies or salts

Amyl Acetate Excellent

Amyl Alcohol Excellent

Resistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids,


Butyl Alcohol Excellent
alkalies or salts

Resistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids,


Ethers Excellent
alkalies or salts

Ethyl Acetate Excellent

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Environmental Speci c Resistance
Category Environment Level Corrosion notes

Resistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids,


Ethyl Alcohol Excellent
alkalies or salts

Lacquer Resistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids,


Excellent
Solvents alkalies or salts

Methyl Alcohol Excellent

Resistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids,


Toluene Excellent
alkalies or salts

Useful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as


Acetic Acid Good oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum
resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.

Useful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as


Acetic Anhydride Good oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum
resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.

Useful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as


Benzoic Acid Excellent oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum
resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.

Useful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as


Butyric Acid Excellent oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum
resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.

Useful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as


Chloracetic Acid Good oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum
resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.

Useful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as


Citric Acid Excellent oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum
resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Organic acid
Useful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as
Formic Acid Excellent oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum
resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.

Useful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as


Lactic Acid Excellent oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum
resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.

Useful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as


Oxalic Acid Excellent oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum
resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.

Useful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as


Tannic Acid Excellent oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum
resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.

Useful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as


Tartaric Acid Excellent oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum
resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.

Useful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as


Trichloracetic
Good oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum
Acid
resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.

Organic comp. Corrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with


Aniline Fair
traces of moisture
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2/4/2019 Copper.org - C12200 Alloy
Environmental Speci c Resistance
Category Environment Level Corrosion notes

Corrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with


Aniline Dyes Fair
traces of moisture

Castor Oil Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack

Ethylene Glycol Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack

Formaldehyde Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack

Furfural Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack

Glucose Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack

Glycerine Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack

Lacquers Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack

Oxidizing salt Ammonium Reduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion
Poor
Nitrate formation

Useful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels


Bleaching
Good and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room
Powder, Wet
temperature and above boiling point.

Borax Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack

Bordeaux
Excellent Low corrosion rates, no localized attack
Mixture

Useful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels


Calcium Bisul te Good and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room
temperature and above boiling point.

Useful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels


Calcium
Good and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room
Hypochlorite
temperature and above boiling point.

Copper Chloride Fair Severe oxidizing environment.

Copper Nitrate Fair Oxidizing environment

Copper Sulfate Good Hydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition

Ferric Chloride Poor Severe oxidizing environment.

Ferric Sulfate Poor Severe oxidizing environment.

Ferrous Chloride Good Strong agitation and aeration increases corrosion

Ferrous Sulfate Good Hydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition

Hydrogen
Good Oxidizing environment
Peroxide

Mercury Salts Poor Noble metal salt, plates on copper surface

Potassium
Excellent Suitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Chromate

Silver Salts Poor Noble metal salt, plates on copper surface

Useful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels


Sodium Bisul te Good and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room
temperature and above boiling point.

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Environmental Speci c Resistance
Category Environment Level Corrosion notes

Sodium
Excellent Suitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Chromate

Useful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels


Sodium
Fair and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room
Hypochlorite
temperature and above boiling point.

Useful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels


Sodium Nitrate Good and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room
temperature and above boiling point.

Sodium
Fair Oxidizing environment
Peroxide

Hydrogen
Excellent Rapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Sul de, Dry

Hydrogen
Poor High zinc content alloys preferred
Sul de, Moist

Sulfur Chloride,
Excellent Rapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Dry

Sulfur Dioxide,
Sulfur comp. Excellent Scaling at elevated temperatures
Dry

Sulfur Dioxide,
Good Mixed oxide and sul de scale forms
Moist

Sulfur Trioxide,
Excellent Corrosion increases with trace of moisture
Dry

Sulfur, Dry Good High zinc content alloys preferred

Sulfur, Molten Poor Forms non-protective copper sul de

Increased corrosion with oxidizers, e.g. oxygen (air),


Brines Good chlorine, hypochlorites and ferric ions. Refer to speci c salt
solution ratings.

Mine Water Fair Acidic waters containing oxidizers are highly corrosive.

Corrosion a ected by salt concentration, temperature,


Sea Water Good dissolved oxygen content and pollutants. Erosion-
Water corrosion at moderate velocities.

Resistant to pure steam. Carbon dixide, dissolved oxygen


Steam Excellent
or ammonia can increase corrosion.

Corrosion a ected by water chemistry (mineral content,


acidity) system design and fabrication. Free carbon dioxide
Water, Potable Excellent
can cause pitting in cold water. Pitting in hot water caused
by cathodic deposits. Erosion-corrosion at high velocities.

Copyright © 2019 Copper Development Association Inc. All Rights Reserved.

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