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Choose the letter of the best answer in each questions.

Problem 1: ECE Board April 1995


Kayla is 24 years. Kayla is twice as old as Erin when Kayla was as old as Erin
is now. How old is Erin now?

 A. 16
 B. 18
 C. 12
 D. 15
Problem 2: EE Board April 1997
The sum of Kim’s and Kevin’s ages is 18. In 3 years, Kim will be as twice as
old as Kevin. What are their ages now?

 A. 4, 14
 B. 5, 13
 C. 7, 11
 D. 6, 12
Problem 3: GE Board February 1994
Robert is 15 years older than his brother Stan. However “y” years ago,
Robert was twice as old as Stan. If Stan is now “b” years old and b>y, find
the value of (b – y).

 A. 15
 B. 16
 C. 17
 D. 18
Problem 4:
John is 3 times as old as Jaime. Three years ago, John was four times as old
as Jaime. The sum of their ages is?

 A. 20
 B. 24
 C. 28
 D. 36
Problem 5:
A girl, is one-third as old as her brother and 8 years younger than her sister.
The sum of their ages is 38 years. How old is the girl?

 A. 4
 B. 5
 C. 6
 D. 7
Problem 6:
Maja is now 18 years old and his colleague Angel is 14 years old. How many
years ago was Maja twice as old as Angel?

 A. 5
 B. 7
 C. 8
 D. 10
Problem 7:
A father tells his son, I was your age now when you were born”. If the father
is now 38 years old, how old was his son 2 years ago?

 A. 15
 B. 17
 C. 19
 D. 21
Problem 8:
Six years ago, Maya was five times as old Richard. In five years, Maya will
be three times as old as Richard. What is the present age of Richard?

 A. 17
 B. 16
 C. 15
 D. 14
Problem 9:
At present, the sum of the parents’ ages is twice the sum of the children’s
ages. Five years ago, the sum of the parent’s ages was 4 times the sum of
the children’s ages. Fifteen years hence, the sum of the parents’ ages will be
equal to the sum of the children’s ages. How many children are there?

 A. 3
 B. 4
 C. 5
 D. 6
Problem 10:
Tom is now twice as old as Jerry. Four years ago, Tom was three times as
old as Jerry then. How old is Tom?

 A. 14
 B. 16
 C. 18
 D. 24
Problem 11: ME Board February 1998
A pump can pump out water from a tank in 11 hours. Another pump can
pump out water from the same tank in 20 hours. How long will it take both
pumps to pump out water in the tank?

 A. 7 hours
 B. 6 hours
 C. 7 1/2 hours
 D. 6 1/2 hours
Problem 12: CE Board November 1993
A 400-mm pipe can fill the tank alone in 5 hours and another 600-mm pipe
can fill the tank alone in 4 hours. A drain pipe 300-mm can empty the tank
in 20 hours. With all the three pipes open, how long will it take to fill the
tank?

 A. 2.00 hours
 B. 2.50 hours
 C. 2.25 hours
 D. 2.75hours
Problem 13:
A tank is filled with an intake pipe in 2 hours and empties by an outlet pipe
in 4 hours. If both pipes are opened, how long will it take to fill the empty
tank?

 A. 3 hours
 B. 4 hours
 C. 5 hours
 D. 6 hours
Problem 14:
A tank can be filled in 9 hours by one pipe, 12 hours by a second pipe and
can be drained when full by a third pipe in 15 hours. How long will it take to
fill an empty tank with all pipes in operation?

 A. 7 hours and 12 minutes


 B. 7 hours and 32 minutes
 C. 7 hours and 42 minutes
 D. 7 hours and 50 minutes
Problem 15: ME Board April 1995
If A can do the work in “x” days and B in “y” days, how long will they finish
the job working together?

 A.

 B.
 C.
 D.
Problem 16: ECE Board November 1995
Pedro can paint a fence 50% faster than Juan and 20% faster than Pilar, and
together they can paint a given fence in 4 hours. How long will it take Pedro
can paint the same fence if he had to work alone?

 A. 6
 B. 8
 C. 10
 D. 12
Problem 17:
Glenn can paint a house in 9 hours while Stewart can paint the same house
in 16 hours. They work together for 4 hours. After 4 hours, Stewart left and
Glenn finished the job alone. How many more days did it take Glenn to finish
the job?

 A. 2.75 hours
 B. 2.50 hours
 C. 2.25 hours
 D. 3.00 hours
Problem 18: CE Board November 1993
It takes Butch twice as long as it takes Dan to do a certain piece of work.
Working together they can do the work in 6 days. How long would it take
Dan to do it alone?

 A. 9 days
 B. 10 days
 C. 11 days
 D. 12 days
Problem 19: ME Board April 1995
John and Peter working together can finish painting a house in 6 days. John
working alone can finish it in 5 days less than Peter. How long will it take
each of them to finish the work alone?

 A. 8, 13
 B. 10, 15
 C. 6, 11
 D. 7, 12
Problem 20: EE Board April 1996
Ron and Rej can do a piece of work in 42 days, Rej and Loyd in 31 days and
Loyd and Ron in 20 days. In how many days can all of them do the work
together?
 A. 19
 B. 17
 C. 21
 D. 15
Problem 21:
It takes Jannah twice as long as Cathy to do a certain piece of work.
Working together, they can finish the work in 6 hours. How long would it
take Cathy to do it alone?

 A. 9 hours
 B. 18 hours
 C. 12 hours
 D. 14 hours
Problem 22: ECE Board April 1999
Vryan, Mike, and Kim can mow the lawn in 4, 6, and 7 hours respectively.
What fraction of the yard can they mow in 1 hour if they work together?

 A. 47/84
 B. 45/84
 C. 84/47
 D. 39/60
Problem 23:
A farmer can plow the field in 8 days. After working for 3 days, his son joins
him and together they plow the field in 3 more days. How many days will it
require for the son to plow the field alone?

 A. 10
 B. 11
 C. 12
 D. 13
Problem 24: ECE Board November 1991
Crew No. 1 can finish installation of an antenna tower in 200 man-hour while
Crew No. 2 can finish the same job in 300 man-hour. How long will it take
both crews to finish the same job, working together?

 A. 100 man-hour
 B. 120 man-hour
 C. 140 man-hour
 D. 160 man-hour
Problem 25: ME Board October 1991
On one job, two power shovels excavate 20,000 cubic meters of earth, the
larger shovel working 40 hours and the smaller for 35 hours. On another
job, they removed 40,000 cubic meters with the larger shovel working 70
hours and the smaller working 90 hours. How much earth can each remove
in 1 hour working alone?

 A. 169.2, 287.3
 B. 178.3, 294.1
 C. 173.9, 347.8
 D. 200.1, 312.4
Problem 26: EE Board October 1997
Ten liters of 25% salt solution and 15 liters of 35% salt solution are poured
into a drum originally containing 30 liters of 10% solution. What is the
percent concentration of salt in the mixture?

 A. 19.55%
 B. 22.15%
 C. 27.05%
 D. 25.72%
Problem 27: ME Board October 1992
A Chemist of a distillery experimented on two alcohol solutions of different
strength, 35% alcohol and 50% alcohol, respectively. How many cubic
meters of each strength must he use to produce mixture of 60 cubic meters
that contain 40% alcohol?

 A. 20 m3 of solution with 35% alcohol, 40 m3 of solution with 50%


alcohol
 B. 50 m3 of solution with 35% alcohol, 20 m3 of solution with 50%
alcohol
 C. 20 m3 of solution with 35% alcohol, 50 m3 of solution with 50%
alcohol
 D. 40 m3 of solution with 35% alcohol, 20 m3 of solution with 50%
alcohol
Problem 28:
A goldsmith has two alloys of gold, the first being 70% pure and the second
being 60% pure. How many ounces of the 60% pure gold must be used to
make 100 ounces of an alloy which will be 66% gold?

 A. 40
 B. 35
 C. 45
 D. 38
Problem 29: ME Board October 1994
Two thousand (2000) kg of steel containing 8% nickel is to be made by
mixing a steel containing 14% nickel with another containing 6% nickel. How
much of each is needed?
 A. 1500 kg of steel with 14% nickel, 500 kg of steel with 6% nickel
 B. 750 kg of steel with 14% nickel, 1250 kg of steel with 6% nickel
 C. 500 kg of steel with 14% nickel, 1500 kg of steel with 6% nickel
 D. 1250 kg of steel with 14% nickel, 750 kg of steel with 6% nickel
Problem 30:
How much water must be evaporated from 10 kg solution which has 4% salt
to make a solution of 10% salt?

 A. 4 kg
 B. 5 kg
 C. 6 kg
 D. 7 kg
Problem 31: EE Board October 1994
If a two digit number has x for its unit’s digit and y for its ten’s digit,
represent the number.

 A. 10x + y
 B. 10y + x
 C. yx
 D. xy
Problem 32: EE Board October 1994
One number is 5 less that the other. If their sum is 135, what are the
numbers?

 A. 85, 50
 B. 80, 55
 C. 70, 65
 D. 75, 60
Problem 33: ECE Board March 1996
 A. 6
 B. 7
 C. 8
 D. 9
Problem 34: ECE Board March 1996
The sum of the two numbers is 21 and one number is twice the other. Find
the numbers.

 A. 6, 15
 B. 7, 14
 C. 8, 13
 D. 9, 12
Problem 35: EE Board April 1993
If eight is added to the product of nine and the numerical number, the sum
is seventy-one. Find the unknown number.
 A. 5
 B. 6
 C. 7
 D. 8
Problem 36:
Find the fraction such that if 2 is subtracted from its term becomes ¼, but if
4 is added to its terms it becomes ½.

 A. 3/5
 B. 5/12
 C. 5/14
 D. 6/13
Problem 37: GE Board February 1992
The product of 1/4 and 1/5 of a number is 500. What is the number?

 A. 50
 B. 75
 C. 100
 D. 125
Problem 38:
If 3 is subtracted from the numerator of a certain fraction, the value of the
fraction becomes 3/5. If 1 is subtracted from the denominator of the same
fraction, it becomes 2/3. Find the original fraction.

 A. 35/55
 B. 36/55
 C. 3/7
 D. 32/41
Problem 39: ECE Board November 1997
The denominator of a certain fraction is three more than twice the
numerator. If 7 is added to both terms of the fraction, the resulting fraction
is 3/5. Find the original fraction.

 A. 8/5
 B. 13/5
 C. 5/13
 D. 3/5
Problem 40:
Find the product of two numbers such that twice the first added to the
second equals 19 and three times the first is 21 more than the second.

 A. 24
 B. 32
 C. 18
 D. 20
Problem 41:
The ten’s digit of a number is 3 less than the unit’s digit. If the number is
divided by the sum of the digits, the quotient is 4 and the remainder is 3.
What is the original number?

 A. 36
 B. 47
 C. 58
 D. 69
Problem 42:
The second of the four numbers is three less than the first the third is four
more than the first and the fourth is two more than the third. Find the fourth
number if their sum is 35.

 A. 10
 B. 11
 C. 12
 D. 13
Problem 43: EE Board April 1997
A jogger starts a course at a steady rate of 8 kph. Five minutes later, a
second jogger starts the same course at 10 kph. How long will it take the
second jogger to catch the first?

 A. 20 min
 B. 21 min
 C. 22 min
 D. 18 min
Problem 44: EE Board April 1997
A boat man rows to a place 4.8 miles with the stream and back in 14 hours,
but finds that he can row 14 miles with the stream in the same time as 3
miles against the stream. Find the rate of the stream.

 A. 1.5 miles per hour


 B. 1 mile per hour
 C. 0.8 mile per hour
 D. 0.6 mile per hour
Problem 45: ECE Board November 1998
A man rows downstream at the rate of 5 mph and upstream at the rate of 2
mph. How far is downstream should he go if he is to return in 7/4 hours
after leaving?

 A. 2.5 miles
 B. 3.3 miles
 C. 3.1 miles
 D. 2.7miles
Problem 46: CE Board November 1994
An airplane flying with the wind, took 2 hours to travel 1000 km and 2.5
hours in flying back. What was the wind velocity in kph?

 A. 50
 B. 60
 C. 70
 D. 40
Problem 47: CE Board May 1998
A boat travels downstream in 2/3 of the time as it goes going upstream. If
the velocity of the river’s current is 8 kph, determine the velocity of the boat
in still water.

 A. 40 kph
 B. 50 kph
 C. 30 kph
 D. 60 kph
Problem 48:
Two planes leave Manila for a southern city, a distance of 900 km. Plane A
travels at a ground speed of 90 kph faster than the plane B. Plane A arrives
in their destination 2 hours and 15 minutes ahead of Plane B. What is the
ground speed of Plane A.

 A. 205 kph
 B. 315 kph
 C. 240 kph
 D. 287 kph
Problem 49: EE Board April 1997
A train, an hour after starting, meets with an accident which detains it an
hour, after which it proceeds at 3/5 of its former rate and arrives three hour
after time; but had the accident happened 50 miles farther on the line, it
would have arrived one and one-half hour sooner. Find the length of the
journey.

 A. 910/9 miles
 B. 800/9 miles
 C. 920/9 miles
 D. 850/9 miles
Problem 50:
On a certain trip, Edgar drives 231 km in exactly the same time as Edwin
drive 308 km. If Erwin’s rate exceeded that of Edgar by 13 kph, determine
the rate of Erwin.
 A. 39 kph
 B. 44 kph

 C. 48 kph

Problem 51
Two times the father’s age is 8 more than six times his son’s age. Ten years
ago, the sum of their ages was 44. The age of the son is:

 A. 49
 B. 15
 C. 20
 D. 18
Problem 52
Peter’s age 13 years ago was 1/3 of his age 7 years hence. How old is Peter?

 A. 15
 B. 21
 C. 23
 D. 27
Problem 53
A man is 41 years old and in seven years he will be four times as old as his
son is at that time. How old is his son now?

 A. 9
 B. 4
 C. 5
 D. 8
Problem 54
A father is three times as old as his son. Four years ago, he was four times
as old as his son was at that time. How old is his son?

 A. 36 years
 B. 24 years
 C. 32 years
 D. 12 years
Problem 55
The ages of the mother and her daughter are 45 and 5 years, respectively.
How many years will the mother be three times as old as her daughter?

 A. 5
 B. 10
 C. 15
 D. 20
Problem 56
Mary is 24 years old. Mary is twice as old as Ana was when Mary was as old
as Ana is now. How old is Ana? (ECE November 1995)

 A. 16
 B. 18
 C. 19
 D. 20
Problem 57
The sum of the parent’s ages is twice the sum of their children’s ages. Five
years ago, the sum of the parent’s ages is four times the sum of their
children’s ages. In fifteen years the sum of the parent’s ages will be equal to
the sum of their children’s ages. How many children were in the family?

 A. 2
 B. 3
 C. 4
 D. 5
Problem 58
Two thousand kilogram of steel containing 8% of nickel is to be made by
mixing steel containing 14% nickel with another steel containing 6% nickel.
How much of the steel containing 14% nickel is needed?

 A. 1500 kg
 B. 800 kg
 C. 750 kg
 D. 500kg
Problem 59
A 40-gram alloy containing 35% gold is to be melted with a 20-gram alloy
containing 50% gold. How much percentage of gold is the resulting alloy?

 A. 40%
 B. 30%
 C. 45%
 D. 35%
Problem 60
In what radio must a peanut costing P240.00 per kg. be mixed with a peanut
costing P340.00 per kg so that the profit of 20% is made by selling the
mixture at 360.00 per kg?

 A. 1:2
 B. 3:2
 C. 2:3
 D. 3:5
Problem 61
A 100-kilogram salt solution originally 4% by weight. Salt in water is boiled
to reduce water content until the concentration is 5% by weight salt. How
much water is evaporated?

 A. 10
 B. 15
 C. 20
 D. 25
Problem 62
A pound of alloy of lead and nickel weights 14.4 ounces in water, where lead
losses 1/11 of its weight and nickel losses 1/9 of its weight. How much of
each metal is in alloy?

 A. Lead = 7.2 ounces; Nickel = 8.8 ounces


 B. Lead = 8.8 ounces; Nickel = 7.2 ounces
 C. Lead = 6.5 ounces; Nickel = 5.4 ounces
 D. Lead = 7.8 ounces; Nickel = 4.2 ounces
Problem 63
An alloy of silver and gold weighs 15 oz. in air and 14 oz. in water. Assuming
that silver losses 1/10 of its weight in water and gold losses 1/18 of its
weight, how many oz. at each metal are in the alloy?

 A. Silver = 4.5 oz.; Gold = 10.5 oz.


 B. Silver = 3.75 oz.; Gold = 11.25 oz.
 C. Silver = 5 oz.; Gold = 10 oz.
 D. Silver = 7.8 oz.; Gold = 4.2 oz.
Problem 64 (ME April 1998)
A pump can pump out a tank in 11 hours. Another pump can pump out the
same tank in 20 hours. How long it will take both pumps together to pump
out the tank?

 A. ½ hour
 B. ½ hour
 C. 6 hours
 D. 7 hours
Problem 65
Mr. Brown can wash his car in 15 minutes, while his son John takes twice as
long as the same job. If they work together, how many minutes can they do
the washing?

 A. 6
 B. 8
 C. 10
 D. 12
Problem 66
One pipe can fill a tank in 5 hours and another pipe can fill the same tank in
4 hours. A drainpipe can empty the full content of the tank in 20 hours. With
all the three pipes open, how long will it take to fill the tank?

 A. 2 hours
 B. 2.5 hours
 C. 1.92 hours
 D. 1.8 hours
Problem 67
A swimming pool is filled through its inlet pipe and then emptied through its
outlet pipe in a total of 8 hours. If water enters through its inlet and
simultaneously allowed to leave through its outlet, the pool is filled in 7 ½
hours. Find how long will it take to fill the pool with the outlet closed.

 A. 6
 B. 2
 C. 3
 D. 5
Problem 68
Three persons can do a piece of work alone in 3 hours, 4 hours and 6 hours
respectively. What fraction of the job can they finish in one hour working
together?

 A. ¾
 B. 4/3
 C. ½
 D. 2/3
Problem 69
A father and his son can dig a well if the father works 6 hours and his son
works 12 hours or they can do it if the father works 9 hours and son works 8
hours. How long will it take for the son to dig the well alone?

 A. 5 hours
 B. 10 hours
 C. 15 hours
 D. 20 hours
Problem 70
Peter and Paul can do a certain job in 3 hours. On a given day, they work
together for 1 hour then Paul left and Peter finishes the rest work in 8 more
hours. How long will it take for Peter to do the job alone?

 A. 10 hours
 B. 11 hours
 C. 12 hours
 D. 13 hours
Problem 71 (ECE November 1995)
Pedro can paint a fence 50% faster than Juan and 20% faster than Pilar and
together they can paint a given fence in 4 hours. How long will it take Peter
to paint the same fence if he had to work alone?

 A. 10 hrs.
 B. 11hrs.
 C. 13hrs.
 D. 15hrs.
Problem 72
Nonoy can finish a certain job in 10 days if Imelda will help for 6 days. The
same work can be done by Imelda in 12 days if Nonoy helps for 6 days. If
they work together, how long will it take for them to do the job?

 A. 8.9
 B. 8.4
 C. 9.2
 D. 8
Problem 73
A pipe can fill up a tank with the drain open in three hours. If the pipe runs
with the drain open for one hour and then the drain is closed it will take 45
more minutes for the pipe to fill the tank. If the drain will be closed right at
the start of filling, how long will it take for the pipe to fill the tank?

 A. 1.15 hrs.
 B. 1.125 hrs
 C. 1.325 hrs.
 D. 1.525 hrs.
Problem 74
Delia can finish a job in 8 hours. Daisy can do it in 5 hours. If Delia worked
for 3 hours and then Daisy was asked to help her finish it, how long will
Daisy have to work with Delia to finish the job?

 A. 2/5 hours
 B. 25/14 hours
 C. 28 hours
 D. 1.923 hours
Problem 75 (CE November 1998)
A job could be done by eleven workers in 15 days. Five workers started the
job. They were reinforced with four more workers at the beginning of the 6th
day. Find the total number of days it took them to finish the job.
 A. 22.36
 B. 21.42
 C. 23.22
 D. 20.56
Problem 76
On one job, two power shovels excavate 20000 m3 of earth, the larger the
shovel working for 40 hours and the smaller shovel for 35 hours. Another
job, they removed 40000 m3 with the larger shovel working for 70 hours
and the smaller working 90 hours. How much earth can the larger shovel
move in one hour?

 A. 173.91
 B. 347.83
 C. 368.12
 D. 162.22
Problem 77 (EE April 1996)
A and B can do a piece of work in 42 days, B and C in 31 days, and A and C
in 20 days. Working together, how many days can all of them finish the
work?

 A. 18.9
 B. 19.4
 C. 17.8
 D. 20.9
Problem 78
Eight men can dig 150 ft of trench in 7 hrs. Three men can backfill 100ft of
the trench in 4 hrs. The time it will take 10 men to dig and fill 200 ft of
trench is:

 A. 9.867hrs.
 B. 9.687hrs.
 C. 8.967hrs.
 D. 8.687hrs.
Problem 79
In two hours, the minute hand of the clock rotates through an angle of :

 A. 45°
 B. 90°
 C. 360°
 D. 720°
Problem 80
In one day (24 hours), how many times will the hour hand and minute hand
of a continuously driven clock be together
 A. 21
 B. 22
 C. 23
 D. 24
Problem 81
How many minutes after 3:00 will the minute hand of the clock overtakes
the hour hand?

 A. 14/12 minutes
 B. 16-11/12 minutes
 C. 16-4/11 minutes
 D. 14/11 minutes
Problem 82
How many minutes after 10:00 o’clock will the hands of the clock be
opposite of the other for the first time?

 A. 21.41
 B. 22.31
 C. 21.81
 D. 22.61
Problem 83
What time between the hours of 12:00 noon and 1:00 pm would the hour
hand and the minute hand of a continuously driven clock be in straight line?

 A. 12:33 pm
 B. 12:30 pm
 C. 12:37 pm
 D. 12:287 pm
Problem 84 (GE February 1997)
At what time after 12:00 noon will the hour hand and the minute hand of a
clock first form a n angle of 120°?

 A. 21.818
 B. 12:21.818
 C. 21.181
 D. 12:21.181
Problem 85 (GE February 1994)
From the time 6:15 PM to the time 7:45 PM of the same day, the minute
hand of a standard clock describes an arc of:

 A. 360°
 B. 120°
 C. 540°
 D. 720°
Problem 86
It is now between 3 and 4 o’clock and in twenty minutes the minute hand
will be as much as the hour-hand as it is now behind it. What is the time
now?

 A. 3:06.06
 B. 3:07.36
 C. 3:09.36
 D. 3:08.36
Problem 87 (EE October 1990)
A man left his home at past 3:00 o’clock PM as indicated in his wall clock.
Between two to three hours after, he returned home and noticed that the
hands of the clock interchanged. At what time did he left his home?

 A. 3:27.27
 B. 3:31.47
 C. 3:22.22
 D. 3:44.44
Problem 88
The sum of the reciprocals of two numbers is 11. Three times the reciprocal
of one of the numbers is three more than twice the reciprocal of the other
number. Find the numbers.

 A. 5 and 6
 B. 7 and 4
 C. 1/5 and 1/6
 D. 1/7 and ¼
Problem 89
If a two digit number has x for its unit’s digit and y for its ten’s digit,
represent the number.

 A. yx
 B. 10y + x
 C. 10x + y
 D. x + y
Problem 90
One number if five less than the other number. If their sum is 135, what are
the numbers?

 A. 70 & 75
 B. 60 & 65
 C. 65 & 70
 D. 75 & 80
Problem 91
In a two-digit number, the unit’s digit is 3 greater than the ten’s digit. Find
the number if it is 4 times as large as the sum of its digits.

 A. 47
 B. 58
 C. 63
 D. 25
Problem 92
Find two consecutive even integers such that the square of the larger is 44
greater than the square of the smaller integer.

 A. 10 & 12
 B. 12 & 14
 C. 8 & 10
 D. 14 & 16
Problem 93
Twice the middle digit of a three-digit number is the sum of the other two. If
the number is divided by the sum of its digit, the answer is 56 and the
remainder is 12. If the digits are reversed, the number becomes smaller by
594. Find the number.

 A. 258
 B. 567
 C. 852
 D. 741
Problem 94
The product f three consecutive integers is 9240. Find the third integer.

 A. 20
 B. 21
 C. 22
 D. 23
Problem 95
The product if two numbers is 1400. If three (3) is subtracted from each
number, their product becomes 1175. Find the bigger number.

 A. 28
 B. 50
 C. 32
 D. 40
Problem 96
The sum of the digits of the three-digit number is 14. The hundreds digit
being 4 times the units digit. If 594 is subtracted from the number, the
order of the digits will be reversed. Find the number.
 A. 743
 B. 563
 C. 653
 D. 842
Problem 97 (ECE March 1996)
The sum of two numbers is 21, and one number is twice the other. Find the
numbers.

 A. 7 and 14
 B. 6 and 15
 C. 8 and 13
 D. 9 and 12
Problem 98 (ECE March 1996)
Ten less than four times a certain number is 14. Determine the number.

 A. 4
 B. 5
 C. 6
 D. 7
Problem 99 (ECE November 1997)
The denominator of a certain fraction is three more than twice the
numerator. If 7 is added to both terms of the fraction, the resulting fraction
is 3/5. Find the original fraction.

 A. 8/5
 B. 5/13
 C. 13/5
 D. 3/5
Problem 100
Three times the first of the three consecutive odd integers is three more
than twice the third. Find the third integer.

 A. 9
 B. 11
 C. 13
 D. 15
Problem 101
Nonoy left Pikit to drive to Davao at 6:15 PM and arrived at 11:45 PM
averaged 30 mph and stopped 1 hour for dinner, how far is Davao from
Pikit.

 A. 128
 B. 135
 C. 160
 D. 256
Problem 102
A man fires a target 420 m away hears the bullet strikes to 2 second after
he pulled the trigger. An observer 525 m away from the target and 455 m
from the man heard the bullet strike the target one second after he heard
the report of the rifle. Find the velocity of the bullet.

 A. 525 m/s
 B. 360 m/s
 C. 350 m/s
 D. 336 m/s
Problem 103
A man travels in a motorized banca at rate of 12 kph from his barrio to the
poblacion and come back to his barrio at the rate of 10 kph. If his total time
of travel back and forth is 3 hours and 10 minutes, the distance from the
barrio to the poblacion is :

 A. 17.27 km
 B. 17.72 km
 C. 12.77 km
 D. 17.32 km
Problem 104
It takes Michael 60 seconds to run around a 440-yard track. How long does
it take Jordan to run around the track if they meet in 32 second after they
start together in a race around the track in opposite direction?

 A. 58.76 seconds
 B. 68.57 seconds
 C. 65.87 seconds
 D. 86.57 seconds
Problem 105
Juan can walk from his home to his office at the rate of 5 mph and back at
the rate 2 mph. What is his average speed in mph?

 A. 2.86
 B.3.56
 C.4.12
 D.5.89
Problem 106
Kim and Ken traveled at the same time at the rate of 20 m/min,from the
same point on a circular track of radius 600 m. If Kim walks along a
circumference and Kim towards the center,find their distance after 10
minutes.
 A.193 m
 B.202 m
 C.241 m
 D.258 m
Problem 107
Two ferryboats ply back and forth across a river with constant but different
speeds, turning at the river banks without loss of time. They leave the
opposite shores at the same instant, meet for the first time 900 meters from
one shore, and meet for the second time 500 meters from the opposite
shore. What is the width of the river?

 A. 1500 m
 B. 1700 m
 C. 2000 m
 D. 2200 m
Problem 108 (CE May 1998)
A boat takes 2/3 as much time to travel downstream from C to D, as to
return, If the rate of the river’s current is 8 kph, what is the speed of the
boat in still water?

 A. 38
 B. 39
 C. 40
 D. 41
Problem 109 (ECE November 1998)
A man rows downstream at the rate of 5mph and upstream at the rate of 2
mph. How far downstream should he go if he is to return in 7/4 hours after
leaving?

 A. 2 mi
 B. 3.5 mi
 C. 3 mi
 D. 2.5 mi
Problem 110 (EE April 1997)
A jogger starts a course at a steady rate of 8 kph. Five minutes later, a
second jogger the same course at 10 kph. How long will it take for the
second jogger to catch the first?

 A. 20 min
 B. 25 min
 C. 30 min
 D. 35 min
Problem 111 (CE May 1999)
At 2:00 pm, an airplane takes off at 340mph on an aircraft carrier. The
aircraft carrier moves due south at 25kph in the same direction as the plane.
At 4:05 pm, the communication between the plane and aircraft carrier was
lost. Determine the communication range in miles between the plane and
the carrier.

 A. 656 miles
 B. 785 miles
 C. 557 miles
 D. 412 miles
Problem 112
A boat going across a lake 8 km wide proceed 2 km at a certain speed and
then completes the trip at a speed 1/2 kph faster. By doing this, the boat
arrives 10 minutes earlier than if the original speed had been maintained.
Find the original speed of the boat.

 A. 2 kph
 B. 4 kph
 C. 9 kph
 D. 5 kph
Problem 113 (CE May 1993)
Given that w varies directly as the product of x and y and inversely as the
square of z and that w = 4 when x = 2, y = 6, and z = 3. Find w when x =
1, y = 4 and z = 2.

 A. 4
 B. 2
 C. 1
 D. 3
Problem 114 (ECE November 1993)
If x varies directly as y and inversely as z, and x = 14 when y = 7 and z =
2, find x, when z = 4 and y = 16.

 A. 14
 B. 4
 C. 16
 D. 8
Problem 115
The electrical resistance of a cable varies directly as its length and inversely
as the square of its diameter. If a cable 600 meters long and 25 mm in
diameter has a resistance of 0.1 ohm, find the length of the cable 75 mm in
diameter with resistance of 1/6 ohm.

 A. 6000 m
 B. 7000 m
 C. 8000 m
 D. 9000 m
Problem 116
The electrical resistance offered by an electric wire varies directly as the
length and inversely as the square of the diameter of the wire. Compare the
electrical resistance offered by two pieces of wire of the same material, one
being 100 m long and 5 mm diameter, and the other is 50 m long and 3 mm
in diameter.

 A. R1 = 0.57 R2
 B. R1 = 0.72 R2
 C. R1 = 0.84 R2
 D. R1 = 0.95 R2
Problem 117
The time required for an elevator to lift a weight varies directly with the
weight and the distance through which it is to be lifted and inversely as the
power of the motors. If it takes 20 seconds for a 5-hp motor to lift 50 lbs.
through 40 feet, what weight can an 80-hp motor lift through a distance of
40 feet within 30 seconds?

 A. 1000 lbs.
 B. 1150 lbs.
 C. 1175 lbs.
 D. 1200 lbs.
Problem 118 (ECE November 1995)
The time required by an elevator to lift a weight, vary directly with the
weight and the distance through which it is to be lifted and inversely as the
power of the motor. If it takes 30 seconds for a 10-hp motor to lift 100lbs
through 50 feet, what size of motor is requires to lift 800 lbs. in 40 seconds
through a distance of 40 feet?

 A. 48 hp
 B. 50 hp
 C. 56 hp
 D. 58 hp
Problem 119
In a certain department store, the salary of saleslady is partly constant and
varies as the value of her sales for the month, when the value of her sales
for the month is P10000.00, her salary for that month is P900.00. When her
sales goes up to P 2000.00 her monthly salary goes up to P1000.00. What
must be the value of her sales for the month so that her salary for that
month will be P2000.00?
 A. P25000.00
 B. P28000.00
 C. P32000.00
 D. P36000.00
Problem 120
A man sold 100 eggs, eighty of them were sold at gain of 30% while the
twenty eggs were sold at a loss of 40%. What is the percentage gain or loss
of the whole eggs?

 A. 14%
 B. 15%
 C. 16%
 D. 17%
Problem 121
The population of the country increases 5% each year. Find the percentage
it will increase in three years.

 A. 5%
 B. 15%
 C. 15.15%
 D. 15.76%
Problem 122
Pedro bought two cars, one for P600000.00 and the other for P400000.00.
He sold the first at a gain of 10% and the second at a loss of 12%. What
was his total percentage gain or loss?

 A. 6% gain
 B. 0% gain
 C. 1.20% gain
 D. 6% loss
Problem 123
A grocery owner raises the prices of his goods by 10%. Then he starts his
Christmas sale by offering the customers a 10% discount. How many
percent of discount does the customers actually get?

 A. nothing
 B. 1% discount
 C. 9% discount
 D. they pay 1% more
Problem 124
Kim sold a watch for P3500.00 at a loss of 30% on the cost price. Find the
corresponding loss or gain if he sold it for P5050.00.

 A. 1% loss
 B. 10% loss
 C. 1% gain
 D. 10% gain
Problem 125
By selling balut at P5.00 each, a vendor gains 20%. The cost price of egg
rises by 12.5%. If he sells the balut at the same price as before, find his
new gain in percent.

 A. 7.5%
 B. 5%
 C. 8%
 D. 6.25%
Problem 126
The enrollment at college A and college B both grew up by 8% from 1980 to
1985. If the enrollment in college A grew up by 800 and the enrollment in
college B grew up by 840, the enrollment at college B was how much greater
than the enrollment in college A in 1985?

 A. 650
 B. 504
 C. 483
 D. 540
Problem 127
A group consists of n boys and n girls. If two of the boys are replaced by two
other girls, then 49% of the group members will be boys. Find the value of
n.

 A. 100
 B. 49
 C. 50
 D. 51
Problem 128
On his Christmas Sale, a merchant marked a pair of slipper P180.00, which
is 20% off the normal retail price. If the retail price is 50% higher than the
whole sale price, what is the wholesale price of the slipper?

 A. P18.00
 B. P17.00
 C. P15.00
 D. P22.50
Problem 129
A certain XEROX copier produces 13 copies every 10 seconds. If the machine
operates without interruption, how many copies will it produce in an hour?
 A. 780
 B. 46800
 C. 1835
 D. 4680
Problem 130
At a certain printing plant, each of the machines prints 6 newspapers every
second. If all machines work together but independently without
interruption, how many minutes will it take to print the entire 18000
newspapers? ( Hint: let x = number of machines)

 A. 50x
 B. 3000/x
 C. 50/x
 D. 3000x
Problem 131 (ME April 1996)
A manufacturing firm maintains one product assembly line to produce signal
generators. Weekly demand for the generators is 35 units. The line operates
for 7 hours per day, 5 days per week. What is the maximum production time
per unit in hours required for the line to meet the demand?

 A. 1 hour
 B. 0.75 hour
 C. 3 hours
 D. 2.25 hours
Problem 132
Of the 316 people watching a movie, there a re 78 more children than
women and 56 more women than men. The number of men in the movie
house is:

 A. 176
 B. 98
 C. 42
 D. 210
Problem 133
A certain department store has an inventory of Q units of a certain product
at time t=0. The store sells the product at a steady rate of Q/A units per
week, and exhausts the inventory in A weeks. The amount of product in
inventory at any time t is:

 A. Q – (Q/A) t
 B. Q + (Q/A) t
 C. Qt – Q/A
 D. Qt – (Q/A) t
Problem 134 (ECE March 1996)
A merchant has three items on sale: namely, a radio for P50, a clock for
P30, and a flashlight for P1. At the end of the day, she has sold a total of
100 of three items and has taken exactly 1000 on the total sales. How many
radios did he sale?

 A. 80
 B. 4
 C. 16
 D. 20
Problem 135
The price of 8 calculators ranges from P200 to P1000.If their average price is
P950,what is the lowest possible price of any one of the calculators?

 A. 500
 B. 550
 C. 600
 D. 650
Problem 136
A deck of 52 playing cards is cut into two piles. The first pile contains 7
times as many black cards as red cards. The second pile contains the
number of red cards that is an exact multiple as the number of black cards.
How many cards are there in the first pile.

 A. 14
 B. 15
 C. 16
 D. 17
Problem 137 (ECE November 1997)
The population of the Philippines doubled in the last 30 years from 1967 to
1997.Assuming that the rate of population rate increase will remain the
same in what year wills the population triple?

 A. 2030
 B. 2027
 C. 2021
 D. 2025
Problem 138
Determine the unit digit in the expansion of 3855.

 A. 3
 B. 9
 C. 7
 D. 1
Problem 139 (ECE April 1998)
Find the 1987th digit in the decimal equivalent of 1785/9999 starting from
the decimal point.

 A. 1
 B. 7
 C. 8
 D. 5
Problem 140
Find the sum of all positive integral factors of 2048.

 A. 4095
 B. 3065
 C. 4560
 D. 1254
Problem 141
In how many ways can two integers be selected from the numbers
1,2,3,…50 so that their difference is exactly 5?

 A. 50
 B. 5
 C. 45
 D. 41
Problem 142
A box contains 8 balls, 6 black balls.a8 red balls, and 13 yellow balls. How
many balls must be drawn to ensure that there will be three balls of the
same color?

 A. 8
 B. 9
 C. 10
 D. 11
Problem 143
A shore sells 10 different sizes of shoes, each in both high-cut and low-cut
variety, each either rubber or leather, and each with white or black color.
How many different kinds of shoes does he sell?

 A. 64
 B. 80
 C. 72
 D. 92
Problem 144 (ME October 1999)
An engineer was told that a survey had been made on a certain rectangular
field but the dimension had been lost .An assistant remembered that if the
field had been 100 ft longer and 25 ft narrower, the area would have been
increased by 2500 sq. ft, and that if it had been 100 ft shorter 50 ft wider,
the area would have been decreased 5000 sq.ft. What was the area of the
field?

 A. 25.000 ft2
 B. 15,000 ft2
 C. 20,000 ft2
 D. 22,000 ft2
Problem 145 (EE April 1994)
A 10-meter tape is 5 mm short. What is the correct length in meters?

 A. 9.995 m
 B. 10.05 m
 C. 9.95 m
 D. 10.005 m
Problem 146 (ME OCTOBER 1997)
The distance between two points measured with a steel tape was recorded
as 916.58 ft. later. The tape was checked and to be only 99.9 ft long. What
is the true distance between the points?

 A. 035.66 ft
 B. 966.15 ft
 C. 955.66 ft
 D. 915.66 ft
Problem 147 (ME April 1996)
A certain steel tape is known to be 100000 feet long when the temperature
of 70°F . When the tape is at a temperature of 10°F, what reading
corresponds to a distance of 90 ft? Coefficient of linear expansion of the tape
is 5.833 x 10-6 per °F.

 A. 85.935
 B. 88.031
 C. 90.031
 D. 93.031
Problem 148 (ME April 1996)
A line was measured with a steel tape when the temperature was 30°C. The
measured length of the line was found to be 1,256.271 feet. The tape was
afterwards tasted when the temperature was 10°C and it was found to be
100.042 feet long. What was the true length of the line if the coefficient of
expansion of the tape was 0.000011 per °C?

 A. 1,275.075 feet
 B. 1,375.575 feet
 C. 1,256.547 feet
 D. 1,249.385 feet
Problem 149 (ME April 1997)
The standard deviation of the numbers 1, 4, &7 is:

 A. 2.3567
 B. 2.4495
 C. 3.2256
 D. 3.8876
Problem 150
Three cities are connected by roads forming a triangle, all of different
lengths. It is 30 km around the circuit. One of the roads is 10 km long and
the longest is 10 km longer than the shortest. What is the length of the
longest road?

 A. 5 km
 B. 10 km
 C. 15 km
 D. 20 km