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Introduction

Background of the Study

Welcome plant also called the ZZ plant or Zanzibar gen is a gems of flowering plant from

the family of Araceae, containing a single specie of Zamioculcaszamiifolia grown as an

ornament plant growing to 45-60 cm long with 6-8 pairs of leaflets 7-15 cm long, smooth, shiny

and dark the flower is yellow to brown that grows partly hidden among the leaf bases and grows

from midsummer to early autumn .

The plant has an unusual high water content of leaves about 91% and the petiole 95% and

according to studies it has air purifying qualities for indoor environment, welcome plant is part

of the araceae family which is known for a poisonous genera, such as philodendron which

contains calcium oxalate that may kill insects specially the cockroaches.

The cockroach is an omnivorous animal and feeds on decaying matter and therefore is

often associated with things being dirty. Most cockroach species are nocturnal with the exception

of the oriental cockroach, which is attached to light. Cockroaches generally only eat organic

matter, but some have been known to even eat substances such as moldy wallpaper paste.

Due to its small size and abundance, the cockroach is prey to numerous predators around

the world including birds, spiders, small mammals and reptiles. The cockroach is even eaten by

humans in some cultures and regions of the world.

Cockroaches often carry diseases with E-coli and salmonella bacteria so its not safe to

ignore these pests. Exposure to cockroach feces and the body parts of dead roaches over time can

even trigger allergies and asthma.


Cockroaches are thought to be able to have up to four litters of young every year. The

female cockroach lays between 10 and 90 eggs per time, which hatch in a matter of days. It takes

just a month for a baby cockroach to become an adult cockroach. Female cockroaches are

distinguishable from male cockroaches as the female cockroaches have a more rounded abdomen

(Blattaria) – Animals A-Z, 2018.

In this research the researchers use welcome plant extract as a composition to make an

effective cockroaches killer.

Statement of the Problem

This study aims to determine the efficacy of welcome plant extract against cockroaches.

Specifically, this study seeks to answer the following questions:

1. What is the level of efficacy of the plant extract?

2. How long will it take to kill cockroaches?

3. What is the most effective among the three treatments? Treatment 1 Treatment 2

Treatment 3?

Significance of the Study

Cockroach is one of the dirties insects in the world with its characteristics, it can cause

diseases to humans. The introduction of welcome plant as cockroach killer could be a great help

to every human.
This study is deemed important to the following:

1.Filipinos

The use of alternative cockroach’s killer spray is one way to eliminate the cockroaches that

causes destruction of the things inside the house. Once the product will be formulated, it will

enable Filipinos to use regularly in eradicating them inside their homes. It is also believed to be

more economical and will lessen them on the use of commercial product especially those who

lives in rural areas which don’t have the capacity to buy commercial products.

2.Environment

The study could be vital since the product will help people to live naturally and eco-friendly

without harming creatures in land and to the environment.

3.Future Research

This study can greatly benefit future researches for this study will serve as a basis to strengeten

future researches

Scope and Delimitation

This study is limited only in determining the effectiveness of welcome plant extract

against cockroaches. The testing and extractionwill take place within the vicinity of Allam’s

residence located in Catabayungan, Cabagan, Isabela during the second semester of Delfin

Albano Highschool (DAHS) S.Y. 2018-2019.


Definition of Terms

Welcome Plant (Zamioculcas)- is the plant which we extracted and used against cockroaches

Cockroaches (Blattella asahinai)- is an insect that is pest to humans and the subject of this study

CHAPTER II

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

The cockroach, also known as the roach, is found worldwide in every environment and

every habitat with exception of water. It is one of the most commonly known pests to humans of

the insect world which plays a vital role in the ecosystem ingesting decomposing materials.

There are around 4,000 known species of cockroach in existence but only about 30 of the

different species of cockroach are the ones that humans come into contact with humans and are

only really present if there is enough for them to eatThe cockroach is dated around 300 million

years old, with fossil evidence suggesting that the modern cockroach is much smaller than the

original roach. Today the cockroach is on average, about an inch long.The cockroach is an

omnivorous animal and feeds on decaying matter and is often associated with things being dirty.

Most cockroach species are nocturnal with the exception of the oriental cockroach, which is

attached to light. Cockroaches generally only eat organic matter, but some have been known to

even eat substances such as moldy wallpaper paste.

Due to its small size and abundance, the cockroach is prey to numerous predators around

the world including birds, spiders, small mammals and reptiles. The cockroach is even eaten by

humans in some cultures and regions of the world. Cockroaches are thought to be able to have up
to four litters of young every year. The female cockroach lays between 10 and 90 eggs per time,

which hatch in a matter of days. It takes just a month for a baby cockroach to become an adult

cockroach. Female cockroaches are distinguishable from male cockroaches as the female

cockroaches have a more rounded abdomen according to Cockroach (Blattaria) – Animals A-Z,

2018.

Zamioculcas zamiifolia (Welcome Plant), a terrestrial East African aroid, with two defining

attributes of crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) (net CO2 uptake in the dark and diel

fluctuations of titratable acidity) is the only CAM plant described within the Araceae, a mainly

tropical taxon that contains the second largest number of epiphytes of any vascular plant family.

Within the Alismatales, the order to which the Araceae belong, Z. zamiifolia is the only

documented nonaquatic CAM species. Zamioculcas zamiifolia has weak CAM that is

upregulated in response to water stress. In well‐watered plants, day–night fluctuations in

titratable acidity were 2.5 μmol H+·(g fresh mass)−1, and net CO2 uptake in the dark contributed

less than 1% to daily carbon gain. Following 10 d of water stress, net CO2uptake in the light fell

94% and net CO2 uptake in the dark increased 7.5‐fold, such that its contribution increased to

19% of daily carbon gain. Following rewatering, dark CO2 uptake returned to within 5% of

prestressed levels. We postulate that CAM assists survival of Z. zamiifolia by reducing water loss

and maintaining carbon gain during seasonal droughts characteristic of its natural

habitat(Crassulacean acid metabolism in the ZZ plant, Zamioculcas zamiifolia,Holtum,Winter

et.al, 2007)
CHAPTER III

METHODOLOGY

Research Design

The Experiment was laid out in Complete Randomized Design having three replications

in five treatments. The experimental and control indicated the five levels of treatments with three

replicates. Therefore, a total of 15 experimental units and control set-up were in this experiment

and is described below:

Source of Data:

The main source of data in the study come from the experimentations, observation, related

studiesand worldwide web

Experimental Set-up:

Treatments Welcome Plant extract

T0 Baygon

T1 25% Welcome Plant extract

T2 50% Welcome Plant extract

T3 70% Welcome Plant extract

T4 100% Welcome Plant extract


Materials:

7kg of welcome plant Basins

75 cockroachesContainer Cube screens Sprayer

Procedure:

The researcher will make use of the Welcome plantThe stem and leaves of the plant will

be chopped into smaller pieces placing it into the blender and squeeze to produce the extract.

There is no need to use distilling machines.

Collection and Preparation of Materials

The researchers will gather welcome plant at the vicinity of barangay Limbauan in Cabagan. The

researchers bought sprayer and cube screen at Cabagan Market.

Preparation of Treatments

Four (4) different experimental set-up concentrations of treatments will be prepared and one

control set-up which is the commercial product -Baygon. The following ration of preparation

will be followed:
Treatments Welcome Plant extract

T0 Baygon

T1 25% Welcome Plant extract

T2 50% Welcome Plant extract

T3 70% Welcome Plant extract

T4 100% Welcome Plant extract

Collecting the Cockroaches

The researchers gather cockroaches in Cabagan Market to produce 75 pieces of

cockroaches.

Analysis of Data

All of the data will be analyzed by using frequency and mean. To test the null hypothesis

of the study, the one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) F-test will be use at alpha 0.05.

Related Interests