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International &

National Standards for


flow measurement

Gases
Nidhin manohar
Differential pressure flow meters
 ISO 5167 – 1 :  This part of ISO 5167 defines
2003 terms and symbols and establishes
Measurement of the general principles for methods
fluid flow by means of measurement and computation
of pressure of the flow rate of fluid flowing in a
differential devices
inserted in circular conduit by means of pressure
cross section differential devices (orifice, nozzle&
running full – Part venturi) when they are inserted in
1. a circular cross section conduit
General principles running full. This part also
and specifies the general requirements
requirements for methods of measurement,
installation and determination of
uncertainty of the measurement of
flow rate.
Differential pressure flow meters
 ISO 5167 – 2 : 2003  This part of ISO 5167 specifies
Measurement of fluid the geometry and method of use
flow by means of (installation and operating
pressure differential conditions) of orifice plates
devices inserted in
circular cross section when they are inserted in a
running full – Part 2. conduit running full to
Orifice plates determine the flow rate of the
fluid flowing in the conduit.
 This part also provides
background information for
calculating the flow rate and is
applicable in conjunction with
the requirements given in ISO
5167 - 1
Differential pressure flow meters
 ISO 5167 – 2 : 2003  This part of ISO 5167 is
Measurement of fluid applicable only to a flow which
flow by means of remains subsonic throughout
pressure differential the measuring section and were
devices inserted in
circular cross section the fluid can be considered as
running full – Part 2. single phase. It is not applicable
Orifice plates to the measurement of
pulsating flow. It does not cover
the use of orifice plates in pipe
sizes less than 50 mm or more
than 1000 mm or pipe Reynolds
number below 5000.
Differential pressure flow meters
 ISO 5167 – 3 : 2003  This part of ISO 5167 specifies
Measurement of fluid the geometry and method of use
flow by means of (installation and operating
pressure differential conditions) of nozzles and
devices inserted in
circular cross section venturi nozzles when they are
running full – Part 3. inserted in a conduit running
Nozzles and Venturi full to determine the flow rate of
nozzles the fluid flowing in the conduit.
 This part also provides
background information for
calculating the flow rate and is
applicable in conjunction with
requirements given in ISO
5167-1.
Differential pressure flow meters
 ISO 5167 – 3 : 2003  This part of ISO 5167 is
Measurement of fluid applicable only to a flow which
flow by means of remains subsonic throughout
pressure differential the measuring section and were
devices inserted in
circular cross section the fluid can be considered as
running full – Part 3. single phase. It is not applicable
Nozzles and Venturi to the measurement of
nozzles pulsating flow. It does not cover
the use of nozzles and venturi
nozzles in pipe sizes less than
50 mm or more than 630 mm
or pipe Reynolds number below
10000.
Differential pressure flow meters
 ISO 5167 – 3 : 2003  This part of ISO 5167 deals
Measurement of fluid with
flow by means of
1. Standard nozzles
pressure differential
devices inserted in a) ISA nozzle
circular cross section 1932 nozzle
running full – Part 3.
b) Long radius nozzle
Nozzles and Venturi
nozzles 2. Venturi nozzles

The ISA and 1932 nozzles are


fundamentally different and
are described separately in this
part of ISO 5167.
Differential pressure flow meters
 ISO 5167 – 3 : 2003  This part of ISO 5167 specifies
Measurement of fluid the geometry and method of
flow by means of use (installation and operating
pressure differential conditions) of nozzles and
devices inserted in
circular cross section venturi nozzles when they are
running full – Part 4. inserted in a conduit running
Venturi tubes full to determine the flow rate
of the fluid flowing in the
conduit.
 This part also provides
background information for
calculating the flow rate and is
applicable in conjunction with
requirements given in ISO
5167-1.
Differential pressure flow meters
 ISO 5167 – 3 : 2003  This part of ISO 5167 is
Measurement of fluid applicable only to a flow which
flow by means of remains subsonic throughout
pressure differential the measuring section and
devices inserted in
circular cross section were the fluid can be
running full – Part 4. considered as single phase. It
Venturi tubes is not applicable to the
measurement of pulsating
flow. It does not cover the use
of nozzles and venturi nozzles
in pipe sizes less than 50 mm
or more than 1200 mm or pipe
Reynolds number below
200000.
Differential pressure flow meters
 ISO 5167 – 3 : 2003  This part of ISO 5167 deals
Measurement of fluid with
flow by means of
1. Classical venturi tubes
pressure differential
devices inserted in a) Cast
circular cross section b) Machined
running full – Part 4.
c) Rough welded sheet-iron
Venturi tubes
Differential pressure flow meters
(Other types)
 IS 10431 : 1994  This standard prescribes a
Measurement of air flow method of measurement of air
of compressors and flow and free air delivery of
exhausters by nozzles. positive displacement
compressors and exhausters,
both reciprocating and rotary
types.
 This standard deals with
measurement of air flow by
using standard flow nozzle in
order to obtain consistent and
generally acceptable results,
within a specified tolerance.
Differential pressure flow meters
(Other types)
 IS 10431 : 1994  This standard does not deals
Measurement of air flow with the compressors giving a
of compressors and pressure rise of less than 0.1
exhausters by nozzles. bar and greater than 60 bar.
Differential pressure flow meters
(Other types)
 BS 1571 – 2 : 1975  This standard specifies
Testing of positive acceptance tests for positive
displacement displacement compressors and
compressors and exhausters, the absolute
exhausters. intake pressures of which
exceed approximately 1 mbar.
 This standard applies to such
machines as reciprocating and
rotary compressors.
Differential pressure flow meters
(Other types)
 ASTM D 3195 :  This standard covers the
1985. calibration of variable-area
Standard practice for flow meters (rotameters) used
Rotameter Calibration to determine air sample
volumes at or close to ambient
conditions of pressure and
temperature, in the analysis of
atmospheres for pollutant
content.
 This standard does not purport
to address all of the safety
problems associated with its
use.
Differential pressure flow meters
(Other types)
 ISO 9300 : 2005.  This standard specifies the
Measurement of gas flow by geometry and method of use
means of critical flow (installation and operating
venturi nozzles. conditions) of critical flow
venturi nozzles (CFVN) used to
determine the mass flow rate
of the fluid flowing a system. It
also gives the information
necessary for calculating the
flow rate and its associated
uncertainty.
Rotary meters
 ISO 9951 : 1993.  This standard specifies
Measurement of gas flow in dimensions, ranges,
closed conduits – construction, performance,
Turbine meters. calibration and output
characteristics of turbine
meters for gas flow
measurement.
 It also deals with installation
conditions, leakage testing and
pressure testing and provides a
series of informative annexes A
to E including
recommendations for use, field
checks and perturbations of
the fluid flowing.
Rotary meters
 AGA Report No. 7 :  This report and
1985. recommendations relate and
Measurement of gas by are limited to the axial flow
Turbine meters. type gas turbine meter in
which the entire gas system
passes through the turbine
meter rotor.
 It covers the measurement of
fuel gas by turbine meters as
related to the installation,
operation, calibration practices
and calculation methods for
determining volumetric and
mass flow.
Rotary meters
 AGA Report No. 7 :  This report does not cover the
1985. equipment used in the
Measurement of gas by determination of the pressures,
Turbine meters. temperatures, densities and
other variables that must be
known for the accurate
measurement of gas.
Rotary meters
 OIML TC8/SC8 : 2005.  This documents applies to gas
Gas meters – Part 1 meters based on any principle,
Requirements.
used to meter the quantity of
(Supersedes documents : R6,
R31, R32) gas in volume, mass or energy
units that has passed the
meter at operating conditions.
 It also applies to correction,
other ancillary and electronic
devices that can be attached to
the gas meter.
Rotary meters
 OIML TC8/SC8 : 2005.  This also applies to gas meters
Gas meters – Part 1 intended to measure quantities
Requirements.
of gaseous fuels or other gases
(Supersedes documents : R6,
R31, R32) except liquefied gases and
steam.
 Dispensers for compressed
natural gas (CNG) are excluded
from the scope of this
recommendation.
Ultrasonic meters
 OIML TC8/SC8 : 2005.  This documents applies to gas
Gas meters – Part 1 meters based on any principle,
Requirements.
used to meter the quantity of
(Supersedes documents : R6,
R31, R32) gas in volume, mass or energy
units that has passed the
meter at operating conditions.
 It also applies to correction,
other ancillary and electronic
devices that can be attached to
the gas meter.
Ultrasonic meters
 OIML TC8/SC8 : 2005.  This also applies to gas meters
Gas meters – Part 1 intended to measure quantities
Requirements.
of gaseous fuels or other gases
(Supersedes documents : R6,
R31, R32) except liquefied gases and
steam.
 Dispensers for compressed
natural gas (CNG) are excluded
from the scope of this
recommendation.
Ultrasonic meters
 AGA Report No. 9 : 1998. This report developed for
Measurement of gas by multipath ultrasonic transit-time
Multipath Ultrasonic flow meters, typically 6” and
meters.
larger in diameter, used for the
measurement of natural gas.
Ultrasonic meters have at least
two independent pairs of
measuring transducers.
 Typical applications include
measuring the flow of large
volumes of gas through
production facilities, transmission
pipelines, storage facilities,
distribution systems and large
end use customer meter set.
Fluid oscillatory meters
 OIML D 25 : 1996.  This document describes the
Vortex meters used in general metrological
measuring systems for characteristics and performances
fluids. attainable by measuring systems
for fluids fitted with vortex
meters and specifies the
installation and testing
conditions which should be
fulfilled for these performances
to be actually obtained.
 Safety matters are not subject to
metrological control and are
therefore not dealt with in this
document.
Fluid oscillatory meters
 JIS Z 8766 : 1989.  This standard specifies
Methods of flow measurement methods of flow measurement
by vortex flow meters.
for fluids in pipes running full
by means of vortex flow
meters.
Mass flow meters
 AGA Report No. 11 :  This report is to assist designers
2003. and users in operating,
Measurement of Natural gas by installing, maintaining and
Coriolis meter.
verifying Coriolis flow meters
used for Natural gas flow
measurement.
 The scope is limited to the
measurement of natural gas and
associated hydrocarbon gases
either as pure hydrocarbons, as
a mixture and diluents..
 Applies to meters used in
medium to high pressure gas
applications.
Safety Relief Valves
 IS 12992 - 2 : 1990.  This standard covers the test
Spring loaded safety relief to establish the operatability of
valves – Specifications
safety relief valves at specified
(Part 2 Testing)
pressure and temperature.
Safety Relief Valves
 ASME PTC 25 : 2001.  This code provides instruction
Pressure relief devices for flow capacity testing and
for in-service and bench
testing. Testing of re-closing is
conducted under various inlet
and outlet conditions using
steam and gases for which
valid physical properties are
known.
Air Relief Valves
 IS 14845 : 2000.  This standard covers
Resilient seated cast iron air requirement of single air valve
relief valves for water works
purpose – Specification. (small and large orifice) double
air valve (small and large
orifice with or without integral
isolating valve) and kinetic air
valves with or without separate
isolating sluice valve for use on
water mains.
Uncertainty estimation
 NABL 141 : 2000.  This document apply to
Guidelines for estimation and measurement of all sorts as are
expression of uncertainty carried out in calibration
in measurement
laboratories. For specialized
measurements, these may have to
be supplemented by more specific
details and, in some cases,
appropriately modified forms of
the concerned formulae.
Measurements which can be
treated as outputs of several
correlated inputs have been
excluded from the scope of this
document.