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08/02/2019 Bucharest - Wikipedia

Visual arts Bucharest
Performing arts
Music and nightlife
Cultural events and festivals
Traditional culture Location of Bucharest in Romania
Religion Show map of Romania
Architecture Show map of Europe
Historical architecture Show all
Communist architecture Coordinates: 44°25′57″N 26°6′14″E
Contemporary architecture
Country Romania
Education County Nonea
Telecommunications and media
First attested 1459
Sports  • Mayor Gabriela Firea (Social
Gallery Democratic Party)[2]
Natives Area[3][4]
Twin towns and sister cities  • Capital city 228 km2 (88 sq mi)
See also  • Urban 285 km2 (110 sq mi)
References Elevation 55.8–91.5 m (183.1–
Further reading 300.2 ft)
External links Population (2011)[6]
 • Capital city 1,883,425
 • Estimate (2016)[7] 2,106,144
Etymology  • Rank 1st in Romania (6th in
The Romanian name București has an unverified origin. Tradition connects the  • Density 9,237/km2
founding of Bucharest with the name of Bucur, who was a prince, an outlaw, a (23,920/sq mi)
fisherman, a shepherd, or a hunter, according to different legends. In Romanian, the  • Metro 2,412,530[5]
word stem bucurie means "joy" ("happiness"),[15] and it is believed to be of Dacian Demonyms Bucharester (en)
origin.[16] bucureștean,
bucureșteancă (ro)
Other etymologies are given by early scholars, including the one of an Ottoman Time zone UTC+02:00 (EET)
traveler, Evliya Çelebi, who said that Bucharest was named after a certain "Abu-  • Summer (DST) UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Kariș", from the tribe of "Bani-Kureiș". In 1781, Austrian historian Franz Sulzer   GDP (nominal) €47 billion[8]
claimed that it was related to bucurie (joy), bucuros (joyful), or a  se  bucura (to  - Per capita PPP €40,400
become joyful), while an early 19th-century book published in Vienna assumed its HDI (2017) 0.914[9] – very high
name has been derived from "Bukovie", a beech forest.[17] Website (

A native or resident of Bucharest is called a "Bucharester" (Romanian: bucureștean).

Bucharest's history alternated periods of development and decline from the early settlements in antiquity until its consolidation as the
national capital of Romania late in the 19th century. First mentioned as the "Citadel of București" in 1459, it became the residence of the
famous Wallachian prince Vlad III the Impaler.[18]:23

The Ottomans appointed Greek administrators (Phanariotes) to run the town from the 18th
century. A short-lived revolt initiated by Tudor Vladimirescu in 1821 led to the end of the rule of
Constantinople Greeks in Bucharest.[19]

The Old Princely Court (Curtea Veche) was erected by Mircea Ciobanul in the mid-16th century.
Under subsequent rulers, Bucharest was established as the summer residence of the royal court.
During the years to come, it competed with Târgoviște on the status of capital city after an
Early 18th century woodcut of
increase in the importance of southern Muntenia brought about by the demands of the suzerain Bucharest (1717)
power – the Ottoman Empire. 2/25

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