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08/02/2019 Bucharest - Wikipedia

Treaties signed in Bucharest

Treaty of Bucharest, between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire ending the Russo-Turkish War (1806–1812)
Treaty of Bucharest, between Serbia and Bulgaria ending the Serbo-Bulgarian War
Treaty of Bucharest, between Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece ending of the Second Balkan War
Treaty of Bucharest, a treaty of alliance between Romania and the Entente Powers
Treaty of Bucharest, between Romania and the Central Powers


Bucharest is situated on the banks of the Dâmbovița River, which flows into the Argeș River, a
tributary of the Danube. Several lakes  – the most important of which are Lake Herăstrău, Lake
Floreasca, Lake Tei, and Lake Colentina – stretch across the northern parts of the city, along the
Colentina River, a tributary of the Dâmbovița. In addition, in the centre of the capital is a small
artificial lake – Lake Cișmigiu – surrounded by the Cișmigiu Gardens. These gardens have a rich
history, having been frequented by poets and writers. Opened in 1847 and based on the plans of
German architect Carl F.W. Meyer, the gardens are the main recreational facility in the city centre.

Besides Cișmigiu, Bucharest parks and gardens include Herăstrău Park and the Botanical Garden.
Herăstrău Park is located in the northern part of the city, around Lake Herăstrău, and includes the
site the Village Museum. The Botanical Garden, located in the Cotroceni neighborhood a bit west

Map of the six constituent sectors of of the city centre, is the largest of its kind in Romania and contains over 10,000 species of plants
Bucharest (many of them exotic); it originated as the pleasure park of the royal family.[26]

Lake Văcărești is located in the southern part of the city. Over 190 hectares, including 90 hectares
of water, host 97 species of birds, half of them protected by law, and at least seven species of mammals.[27] The lake is surrounded by
buildings of flats and is an odd result of human intervention and nature taking its course. The area was a small village that Ceaușescu
attempted to convert into a lake. After demolishing the houses and building the concrete basin, the plan was abandoned following the 1989
revolution.[28] For nearly two decades, the area shifted from being an abandoned green space where children could play and sunbathe, to
being contested by previous owners of the land there, to being closed for redevelopment into a sports centre. The redevelopment deal
failed,[29] and over the following years, the green space grew into a unique habitat. In May 2016, the lake was declared a national park, the
Văcărești Nature Park.[30]

Bucharest is situated in the southeastern corner of the Romanian Plain, in an area once covered by
the Vlăsiei Forest, which after it was cleared, gave way for a fertile flatland. As with many cities,
Bucharest is traditionally considered to be built upon seven hills, similar to the seven hills of
Rome. Bucharest's seven hills are: Mihai Vodă, Dealul Mitropoliei, Radu Vodă, Cotroceni, Spirei,
Văcărești, and Sf. Gheorghe Nou.

The city has an area of 226  km2 (87  sq  mi). The altitude varies from 55.8  m (183.1  ft) at the
Dâmbovița bridge in Cățelu, southeastern Bucharest and 91.5 m (300.2 ft) at the Militari church.
The city has a roughly round shape, with the centre situated in the cross-way of the main north- Since 2015, Lake Văcărești, dubbed
south/east-west axes at University Square. The milestone for Romania's Kilometre Zero is placed the "Delta of Bucharest", is a
just south of University Square in front of the New St. George Church (Sfântul Gheorghe Nou) at protected area.[31]
St. George Square (Piața Sfântul Gheorghe). Bucharest's radius, from University Square to the city
limits in all directions, varies from 10 to 12 km (6 to 7 mi).

Until recently, the regions surrounding Bucharest were largely rural, but after 1989, suburbs started to be built around Bucharest, in the
surrounding Ilfov County. Further urban consolidation is expected to take place in the late 2010s, when the "Bucharest Metropolitan Area"
plan will become operational, incorporating additional communes and cities from the Ilfov and other neighbouring counties.[32]

Bucharest has a humid continental climate (Dfa), with warm to hot, humid summers and cold, snowy winters. Owing to its position on the
Romanian Plain, the city's winters can get windy, though some of the winds are mitigated due to urbanisation. Winter temperatures often dip
below 0 °C (32 °F), sometimes even to −20 °C (−4 °F). In summer, the average temperature is 23 °C (73 °F) (the average for July and August).
Temperatures frequently reach 35 to 40  °C (95 to 104  °F) in midsummer in the city centre. Although average precipitation and humidity
during summer are low, occasional heavy storms occur. During spring and autumn, daytime temperatures vary between 17 and 22 °C (63 and
72 °F), and precipitation during spring tends to be higher than in summer, with more frequent yet milder periods of rain. 4/25