The ILO was created on April19, 1919, as part of the Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I, to reflect the belief that universal and lasting peace can be accomplished only if it is based on social justice.  In 1946,when the united nation organization came into being, the ILO became the first speacialist agency of the organization.  It is an international organization trying to make the world conscious that the world peace is affected by the unjust condition of its working population and it deals with the international labour problem.  Its main objective is the improvement of labour conditions.  Unique feature is that, the representatives of the management, labour and government participate in its proceedings.

HISTORY Early day
 The ILO has made signal contributions to the world of work from its early days.  The first International Labour Conference held in Washington in October 1919 adopted six International Labour Conventions, which dealt with hours of work in industry, unemployment, maternity protection, night work for women, minimum age and night work for young persons in industry.

declared that the ILO's domain extended also to international regulation of conditions of work in the agricultural sector. 16 International Labour Conventions and 18 Recommendations were adopted in less than two years. who succeeded Albert Thomas in 1932. Yet. the budget too high and the reports too critical. is composed of independent jurists responsible for examining government reports and presenting its own report each year to the Conference. which is the Organization's permanent Secretariat. American John Winant took over in 1939 just as the Second World War became imminent. . the International Court of Justice. Realizing that handling labour issues also requires international cooperation. He moved the ILO's headquarters temporarily to Montreal. The Committee. And.  This early zeal was quickly toned down because some governments felt there were too many Conventions. the ILO became a specialized agency of the newly formed United Nations. Canada. the International Labour Conference adopted Convention No. 87 on freedom of association and the right to organize. The ILO was located in Geneva in the summer of 1920 with France's Albert Thomas as the first Director of the International Labour Office. in the midst of the Second World War. had helped to write the 1919 Constitution and played an important role once again during the Philadelphia meeting of the International Labour Conference. In 1946. in 1948. under pressure from the Government of France. which exists today. The delegates adopted the Declaration of Philadelphia. the United States became a Member of the ILO in 1934 although it continued to stay out of the League of Nations. annexed to the Constitution. Depression and War The Great Depression with its resulting massive unemployment soon confronted Britain's Harold Butler. Ireland's Edward Phelan. still constitutes the Charter of the aims and objectives of the ILO. attended by representatives of governments. His successor. employers and workers from 41 countries. Under his strong impetus. in May 1940 for reasons of safety but left in 1941 when he was named US Ambassador to Britain. A Committee of Experts was set up in 1926 as a supervisory system on the application of ILO standards. still during the period of Phelan's leadership.

particularly the promotion of freedom of association and the right to organize. expanded ILO's technical cooperation with developing countries and averted damage to the Organization. the budget grew five-fold and the number of officials quadrupled. The Organization won the Nobel Peace Prize on its 50th anniversary in 1969. Belgium's Michel Hansenne succeeded him in 1989 and guided the ILO into the postCold War period. And I believe in people coming together organizing. On 4 March 1999. joining forces. which Poland had ratified in 1957. the Organization took on its universal character. The ILO also played a major role in the emancipation of Poland from dictatorship. despite the loss of one quarter of its budget following US withdrawal from 1977-1980. The ILO established the Geneva-based International Institute for Labour Studies in 1960 and the International Training Centre in Turin in 1965. His successor Francis Blanchard of France.The Post-War Years America's David Morse was Director General from 1948-1970 when the number of Member States doubled. He also set the ILO on a course of decentralization of activities and resources away from the Geneva headquarters. He also underlines work as an instrument of poverty alleviation and ILO's role in helping to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. emphasizing the importance of placing social justice at the heart of international economic and social policies. Juan Somavia of Chile took over as Director General. by giving its full support to the legitimacy of the Solidarnosc Union based on respect for Convention No. the ILO made advanced further in the development of standards and mechanisms for supervising their application. making their voices heard. 87 on freedom of association. Under Britain's Wilfred Jenks.” Juan Somavia. . Director-General from 1970-73. He emphasizes the importance of making decent work a strategic international goal and promoting a fair globalization. industrialized countries became a minority among developing countries. including cutting world poverty in half by 2015. MISSION “Social justice is the best way to ensure sustainable peace and eradicate poverty. ILO Director-General ILO mission is to help countries in building the institutions that are the bulwarks of democracy and to help them to become accountable to the people.

adequate protection for the life and health of workers in all occupations. employment of workers in the occupations for which they are best suited and where they can make their greatest contribution to the common well-being. including migration for employment and settlement. adequate nutrition. hours. and the collaboration of workers and employers in the preparation and application of social and economic measures.following are the objectives of the ILO:          full employment and the raising of standards of living. and other conditions of work calculated to ensure a just share of the fruits of progress to all and a minimum living wage to all employed and in need of such protection. and . effective recognition of the right of collective bargaining.OBJECTIVES Also known as the declaration of Philadelphia. child welfare and maternity protection. the cooperation of management and labor in the continuous improvement of productive efficiency. extension of social security measures to provide a basic income to all in need of such protection and comprehensive medical care. and facilities for recreation and culture. housing. policies in regard to wages and earnings. facilities for training and the transfer of labor.

FIELDS OF ACTION  ILO serve its tripartite partners . technical cooperation to member states. including international standardssetting. training. dissemination of best practices. communication and publications.  The ILO promotes the development of independent employers and workers organizations and provides relevant training and advisory services.and society as a whole in a variety of ways. assurance of equality of educational and vocational opportunity.  Its technical cooperation includes such fields as           Vocational training and vocational rehabilitation Employment policy Labour administration Labour law and industrial relations Working conditions Management development Cooperatives Social security Labour statistics Occupational safety and health .

 In 1972.  Other nations may be admitted to ILO membership by a two-thirds vote of the International Labour Conference. to expel or suspend any member that had been expelled or suspended by the UN or that had been found by the UN to be flagrantly and persistently pursuing by its legislation a policy of racial discrimination. by a twothirds vote. since adherence to the League carried with it participation in the ILO.  In 1946. However. The constitution of the ILO now provides that any nation that is a member of the UN can become a member of the ILO by unilaterally notifying the Director General that it accepts the obligations of the ILO constitution. the conference adopted another Instrument of Amendment about expulsions.  The ILO constitution originally made no provision for the expulsion of a member. ILO membership was identical with League of Nations membership. . two amendments adopted by the International Labour Conference in 1964 would have empowered the ILO membership. which came into force on 1 November 1974.MEMBERSHIP  Originally. the ILO became the first specialized agency associated with the UN.

. such withdrawal to be effective two years after the ILO receives the notification. A state may withdraw from the ILO by formal notification of its intent to do so.  Germany. withdrew in 1935.  As of June 2002.  The rules that govern original admission to membership also apply to readmission. but all sooner or later rejoined the organization. the ILO had 175 members. one of the original members. Fourteen other countries withdrew their membership at various times (11 of them during the World War II period).

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