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Nervous System

- Questions from human anatomy website -


What is the primary The nervous system has three main functions:

function of the - To collect sensory input from the body and


external environment

nervous system?
- To process and interpret the sensory input.

- To respond appropriately to the sensory input.


Provide an example Sensory input is the stimuli that is perceived by our
senses like smell, sight, touch, taste, and hearing.
for the following Anything that you perceive using your senses can be

roles of the nervous


called sensory input.

system: Sensory
Integration is the action or process of integrating.

Input, Integration
Motor output is a function in the nervous system
which processes and Interprets sensory input and

& Motor Output.


then makes decisions.

Provide images.
What other body
The nervous system maintains homeostasis by
controlling and regulating the other parts of the body.

systems helps the A deviation from a normal set point acts as a stimulus
to a receptor, which sends nerve impulses to a

nervous system in regulating center in the brain.

maintaining
homeostasis?
Name the two
The primary structure of a protein refers to the
sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain. The

primary structural primary structure is held together by peptide bonds


that are made during the process of protein

sections of the NS. biosynthesis.

What are they and


what do they
include?
What are the 2
The nervous system has two major divisions: central
and peripheral. But the peripheral nervous system is

subdivisions of the further subdivided into the somatic and autonomic


nervous system, and the autonomic nervous system is

Peripheral Nervous also divided into sympathetic and parasympathetic


fibers.
System (PNS)?
The motor
subdivisions of the
PNS has 3
subdivisions called?
List and explain.
Images are fine too.
Why are neuroglia
The myelin sheath helps your neurons conduct signals
more quickly between one another and other cells.

important? Finally, star-shaped glial cells in the CNS are


collectively known as astrocytes. They are important

(supporting cells) since they are structural support for nerve cells.
What are
Astrocytes are a star-shaped glial cell of the central
nervous system.

astrocytes? Why Astrocytes, which populate the grey and white mater

are they important? of the brain and the spinal cord are highly
heterogeneous in their morphology and function.
These cells are primarily responsible for homeostasis
of the central nervous system (CNS).
What shape are
As the name microglia suggests, these cells are
small—the smallest of all the neuroglia. Microglia

microglia cells and nuclei are typically oval-shaped, and projecting out
from their cell bodies are slender elongated processes

what do they do for that enable the cells to move via chemotaxis
(movement along a chemical gradient).
the YOU?
Where do you find
Ependymal cells. The ependyma is made up of
ependymal cells called ependymocytes, a type of glial

ependymal cells? cell. These cells line the CSF-filled ventricles in the
brain and the central canal of the spinal cord. These

How about are nervous tissue cells with a ciliated simple


columnar shape much like that of some mucosal
oligodendrocytes? epithelial cells.

In gray matter, perineuronal oligodendrocytes are


located in close proximity to the somata of neurons. In
the peripheral nervous system, neuroglia that are
equivalent to oligodendrocytes are called Schwann
cells. The type of axon determines whether loose or
tight myelination is needed.
Provide an image of
a Neuron. Make
sure you can
identify all parts
and functions of the
neuron.
What is ALS,
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a group of rare
neurological diseases that mainly involve the nerve

amyotrophic lateral cells (neurons) responsible for controlling voluntary


muscle movement. ... Motor neurons are nerve cells

sclerosis? that extend from the brain to the spinal cord and to
muscles throughout the body.
List 2 other nervous
- Alzheimer's disease attacks brain cells and
neurotransmitters (chemicals that carry

system diseases messages between brain cells), affecting the


way your brain functions, your memory and the

and discuss their way you behave. It is also the most common
form of dementia. Dementia is a syndrome (a
symptoms, possible group of symptoms) associated with an
ongoing decline in mental abilities.
cures (hopefully - Bell’s palsy is a sudden weakness or paralysis
of one side of the face. It is caused by
there is). inflammation or damage to the facial nerve. It is
usually temporary – most people recover fully.It
is thought to be mainly caused by an infection
with a virus.The infection inflames or puts
pressure on the nerve that controls your facial
muscles. It can be mild, or it can be severe.
Most people recover without treatment in 3 to 9
months.