You are on page 1of 8

ADESHWAR NURSING INSTITUTE, JAGDALPUR

COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING


LESSON PLAN
ON
TUBERCULOSIS

SUBMITTED TO SUBMITTED BY
MR. JAYAPRAKASH T S MISS DEEKSHA YADAV

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR MSC NURSING 1STyear


NAME OF STUDENT : MISS DEEKSHA YADAV

NAME OF INVEGILATOR : MISS HANUPRABHA

COURSE : M.sc NURSING 1ST YEAR

SUBJECT : COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING

TOPIC : TUBERCULOSIS

TIME : 15 MIN

METHOD : LECTURE CUM DISCUSSION

LANGUAGE : HINDI

A.V.AIDS : FLASH CARD, CHART

DATE :

PRIVIOUS KNOWLEDGE : STUDENT HAD BASIC KNOWLEDGE ABOUT TUBERCULOSIS


GENERAL OBJECTIVE: - At the end of the seminar, the student will gain in-depth knowledge regarding tuberculosis and develop
positive attitude towards it.

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE: - at the end of lecture the student will be able to,

 define tuberculosis
 describe causes of tuberculosis
 describe sign and symptoms of tuberculosis
 enlist the diagnostic evaluation of tuberculosis
 describe the treatment of tuberculosis
 describe the prevention of tuberculosis
S.NO. TIME SPECIFIC CONTENT TEACHING LEARNING A.V. AIDS EVALUATION
OBJECTIVE ACTIVITY ACTIVITY
1.
INTRODUCTION
Tuberculosis is the second most common
cause of the death due to disease at the
global level. Tuberculosis remains the single
largest infectious disease carrying high
deaths annually about 5 deaths every minute.
Childhood TB is an important indications of
public health success in interrupting and
preventing TB transmission. Infection can be
reduced with improvement of environmental
hygiene, medicine, high nutritious diet and
health education.

DEFINITION: - Tuberculosis (TB) is a


potentially fatal contagious disease that can
affect almost any part of the body but is
mainly an infection of the lungs. It is caused
by a bacterial microorganism, the tubercle
bacillus or Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
2mint Define Lecture cum Question and Flash card& What
tuberculosis? discussion answering chart tuberculosis?
2.
INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE
Over 9 million new cases and 2 million
deaths per year worldwide 1/3rd of the
world’s population is infected with M.
tuberculosis remains one of the top three
killers In the U.S.- estimated that 10-15
million people are infected Less than 15,000
cases in US per year

2min Enlist the CAUSES


causes of Lecture cum Question and Flash card&
tuberculosis?  Mycobacterium tuberculosis:- discussion answering chart
 Highly aerobic
 Infects lungs Divides every 15-20
hours
 Unable to be digested by
microphages
 Very resistant to many disinfectants,
acid, alkali, drying, etc.
 Contagious, spread through air by
inhalation of airborne bacteria from
infected
 Easier to contract with weak
immune system
What is the
Question and Flash card & prevention of
answering chart scabies?
3. 2mint

Enlist the SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS


signs and Lecture cum Question and Flash card What are the
symptoms of  Cough (with bloody sputum) discussion answering and chart signs and
tuberculosis?  loss of appetite symptoms of
 fever scabies?
 loss of energy/weight
 Night sweats
Could spread to other parts of the body
causing other symptoms

DIAGNOSED Lecture cum Question and Flash card


2mint  Skin test discussion answering chart What is the
Enlist the  Chest X-rays diagnostic
diagnostic  Analysis of sputum evaluation of
evaluation of scabies?
scabies?
4.
TREATMENT/PREVENTION
5mint Lecture cum Question and Flash card What is the
 Positive Skin Test, Negative X-Ray: discussion answering chart management of
Antibiotic: Isoniazid scabies?
Describe the  Positive Skin Test, Positive X-Ray:
prevention of Antibiotics Isoniazid, Rifampin, Ethambutol,
scabies? Pyrazinamide
 Prevention: BCG Vaccine
SUMMARY

Today in the seminar we have discuses about the define tuberculosis, describe causes of tuberculosis ,describe sign and symptoms of
tuberculosis ,enlist the diagnostic evaluation of tuberculosis ,describe the treatment of tuberculosis, describe the prevention of
tuberculosis.

CONCLUSION

Tuberculosis is the second most common cause of the death due to disease at the global level. Tuberculosis remains the single largest
infectious disease carrying high deaths annually about 5 deaths every minute.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
1. PARK K. Preventive and social medicine 21st edition Jabalpur: M/S Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers. 2011
2. K.K. GULANI ACONCISE TEXT BOOK OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING (PRINCIPLES&PRACTICE)second
edition, new delhi kumar publishing house 2015.322-326