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Today’s most conventional ride is electric scooter.

The most
important part of an electric scooter is the battery and the
engine. The engine can not start unless the battery sends the
impulse. Sometimes with excessive use the battery becomes
weak and has to be replaced. Most commonly the battery needs
to be recharged. Recharging time depends on each brand
differently. The most important thing to be considered while using
a battery is that it should be charged regularly. The battery
should never be left to discharge completely. Regular charging
increases battery lifetime. Over charging on the other hand also
effects the battery adversely.

Step 1 - Unhooking the Battery


The best way to recharge is when the battery is left in open air to
charge. Charging produces a lot of heat and if recharging is being
done in the enclosed cavity of the scooter then heat fails to
escape and the battery over heats. The most probable scenario of
overheating is that electric connections start to wear off. The
removal of the battery is a simple process. Battery terminals are
usually connected with 2 wires connecting electrodes to the
engine. The connection is either in the form of 2 clips or slide in
hatches. The clips are carefully removed. There is usually a metal
or plastic rod that holds the battery firm with the scooter. The rod
is removed by removing the screws holding them intact, with the
help of a screwdriver.

Step 2 - Placing the Battery to Recharge


There are 2 types chargers. One type is connected with the
battery using 2 wires. These 2 wires are standard red and black.
Red wire is connected with the positive terminal and black with
the negative. The charger is plugged in to electricity supply and
charging starts. The other type of charger is shaped in form of an
encasement. The battery after being removed from the scooter is
placed inside and the power cord is connected with electric supply
to start recharge.

Step 3 - Deciding when to Disconnect


The chargers come with charge indicators. This is usually in the
form of a green light that lights up once the battery is fully
charged. In cases where indicators are not present, the standard
way is to charge for 24 hours, alternating the time period in gaps
of 6 hours of continuous charge. Once that is done the battery is
all set to be reassembled.

Step 4 - Checking for Full Charge


The voltmeter is a device that determines how much current an
appliance is retaining. Connecting the 2 terminals to the
voltmeter gives the voltage preserved. The minimum should be
12 to 13 volts. Voltage any less than 12 means the battery needs
to be recharged for a longer period of time.

Step 5 - Reassembling the Battery


After the battery is fully charged it should be replaced in the
scooter. The battery is set back in previous alignment and fixed
with screws. The rod holding it in place is tightly secured. The 2
terminals are clipped on the battery in the right order.

The Borneo Bay Cat Catopuma badia is the mystery member of the cat family. Next
to nothing is known about their ecology or distribution.
Previously thought to be a small island form of the Asiatic Golden
Cat Catopuma temminckii, genetic testing has revealed the Bay Cat is a unique
species, and therefore a highly endangered one.
About the size of a large house cat, Bay Cats have uniform, dark, chestnut red fur
faintly speckled with black markings, and spots on the lighter golden brown
underside and limbs. A second colour phase of dark, bluish slate-grey has also been
recorded, as have black or melanistic specimens. The short, rounded head is dark
greyish brown with two dark stripes originating from the corner of each eye, and the
back of the head has a dark ‘M’ shaped marking. The backs of the short rounded
ears are dark greyish. The underside of the chin is white and there are two faint
brown stripes on the cheeks. Their long, tapering tail has a yellowish streak down its
length on the underside, becoming pure white at the tip, which is marked with a
small black spot.
Distribution
Click for larger image
The Bay Cat is found only on the island of Borneo, and appears to be widely
distributed on the island. An extensive, contiguous forested area of interior Borneo is
thought to be suitable habitat for these cats.
Both lowland and upland forests are thought to be important habitats for Bay Cats.
Lower montane and swamp forests are considered poor habitat but may function as
wildlife corridors. All other non-forested habitat, oil palm plantations and burnt
forest areas are considered unsuitable.
Ecology
During their study of the five felids on Borneo, researchers from the Bornean
Clouded Leopard Program obtained camera trap photos of the Bay Cat, which were
obtained at midday, early morning and at night.
Scientists from this project observed two Bay Cats at night on the roadside in an
area that had been selectively logged ten years previously. Road edges contain
dense small trees and high numbers of rodents, making them ideal hunting areas.
While the increasing use of camera traps on Borneo is slowly yielding more detection
of the Bay Cat, a number of surveys in areas predicted to be high suitability failed to
detect it. A detailed field study on the Bay Cat is urgently required.
In 1992, an adult female Bay Cat was brought into the Sarawak Museum, alive but
at the point of death, dying soon after. The cat had apparently been caught by
native trappers and held in captivity for some months. The appearance of this
specimen offered the first opportunity to look at a whole animal.
In 1998, BBC Wildlife Magazine published the first photo photograph of a live Borneo
Bay Cat. This cat was weighed, measured, photographed, given a physical
examination, dewormed and released back into the forest.
Conservation
Outside of protected areas, habitat loss due to commercial logging and palm oil
plantations is the main threat to the Bay Cat. A collaborative effort between an
Indonesian timber company and the Nature Conservancy is providing sustainable
development, which includes monitoring the impact of tree removal (5 trees per
hectare) on wildlife.
The Borneo Bay Cat is forest-dependent, and forest cover on the island of Borneo, if
current deforestation rates continue, is projected to decline from 50% to less than
one-third by 2020. Some forest areas are currently declining by 5% per year.
Wildlife traders are aware of the cat’s rarity, and they have been captured illegally
from the wild for the skin and pet markets. Poaching of the cats likey prey species is
a growing problem. There is legal protection of the Borneo Bay cat within Borneo,
but enforcement to actually stop trade is minimal
Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt (born August 21, 1986) is arguably the fastest
man in the world, winning three gold medals at the 2008 Olympic Games in
Beijing, China, and becoming the first man in Olympic history to win both
the 100-meter and 200-meter races in record times. Bolt also won three
Olympic gold medals at the 2012 Summer Olympic Games in London. He
ran the men's 100-meter race in 9.63 seconds, a new Olympic record,
making him the first man in history to set three world records in Olympic
competition. He made history again at the 2016 Summer Games in Rio
when he won gold in the 100-meter and 200-meter race and 4x100-meter
relay, completing a "triple-triple," earning three gold medals at three
consecutive Olympics for a total of 9 gold medals over the course of his
Olympic career.

Usain Bolt’s Top Speed


At the Berlin 2009 World Championships, Bolt made a world record of 9.58 seconds for the
100m race, with a top speed clocking in at 27.8 miles per hour (44.72 kilometers per hour)
between meters 60 and 80, with an average speed of 23.5 mph.

Net Worth
Usain Bolt’s net worth is $34.2 million, Forbes magazine estimated in June 2017, making
him the 23rd highest-paid athlete in the world. Bolt leveraged his status as the world’s fastest
sprinter to secure more than a dozen sponsors contributing to his earnings, including Mumm,
XM, Kinder, Advil and Sprint. His deal with Puma alone pays Bolt more than $10 million
every year.

When and Where Was Usain Bolt Born?


Usain Bolt was born on August 21, 1986 in Jamaica.

Girlfriend
In August 2016, People magazine confirmed Usain Bolt was dating Jamaican model Kasi
Bennet. Bolt has been private about their relationship, but he told a journalist in January 2017
that they had been dating for almost three years.

Records and Awards


Bolt is an 11-time world champion. He holds the world records in races for 100 meters, at
9.58 seconds, and 200-meters, at 19.19 seconds, both of which he made at the 2009 Berlin
World Athletics Championships. Over the course of his career, Bolt has received numerous
awards, including the IAAF World Athlete of the Year (twice), Track & Field Athlete of the
Year and Laureus Sportsman of the Year. Participating in the 2008, 2012 and 2016 summer
Olympic Games, Bolt completed a "triple-triple," with a total of 9 gold medals earned in the
100-meter, 200-meter and 4x100-meter relay races. In doing so, Bolt joined just two other
triple-triple runners: Paavo Nurmi of Finland (in 1920, 1924 and 1928) and Carl Lewis of the
United States (in 1984, 1988, 1992 and 1996). However in January 2017, the International
Olympic Committee stripped Bolt of one of these medals, for the 2008 4x100-meter relay,
because his teammate Nesta Carter was found guilty of a doping violation.

Olympic Career
At the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics, Bolt ran the 100-meter and 200-meter events. In the
100-meter final leading up to the Games, he broke the world record, winning in 9.69 seconds.
Not only was the record set without a favorable wind, but he also visibly slowed down to
celebrate before he finished (and his shoelace was untied), an act that aroused much
controversy later on. He went on to win three gold medals and break three world records in
Beijing.

At the 2012 Summer Olympic Games, held in London, Bolt won his fourth Olympic gold
medal in the men's 100-meter race, beating rival Yohan Blake, who won silver in the event.
Bolt ran the race in 9.63 seconds, a new Olympic record. The win marked Bolt's second
consecutive gold medal in the 100. He went on to compete in the men's 200, claiming his
second consecutive gold medal in that race. He is the first man to win both the 100 and 200 in
consecutive Olympic Games, as well as the first man to ever win back-to-back gold medals in
double sprints. Bolt's accomplishments have made him the first man in history to set three
world records in a single Olympic Games competition.

Bolt returned to Olympic glory at the 2016 Summer Olympic Games when he won gold in
the 100-meter race, making him the the first athlete to win three successive titles in the event.
He finished the race in 9.81 seconds with American runner and rival Justin Gatlin, who took
silver, 0.08 seconds behind him.

“This is why I came here, to the Olympics, to prove to the world that I’m the best — again,”
he told reporters at a news conference. “It always feels good to go out on top, you know what
I mean?”

He continued his Olympic winning streak, taking gold in the 200-meter in 19.78 seconds.
"What else can I do to prove I am the greatest?" Bolt said in an interview with BBC Sport.
”I'm trying to be one of the greatest, to be among [Muhammad] Ali and Pele. I have made the
sport exciting, I have made people want to see the sport. I have put the sport on a different
level."

The "fastest man alive" remained undefeated in what he said would be the last race of his
Olympic career, the 4x100-meter relay which he ran with teammates Asafa Powell, Yohan
Blake and Nickel Ashmeade. Anchoring the race, Bolt led the Jamaican team to win gold,
crossing the finish line in 37.27. Japan won silver and Canada took the bronze. It was the
third consecutive gold medal win for Bolt in Rio. He ended his legendary Olympic career
acknowledging the support of his fans on Twitter.
In an interview with CBS News, Bolt detailed his pride over his 2012 performance: "It's what
I came here to do. I'm now a legend. I'm also the greatest athlete to live. I've got nothing left
to prove."

Injury and Retirement from Track & Field


In 2017, Bolt faced challenges on the track at the World Athletics Championships. He
finished third in the men's 100 meters, taking home the bronze medal behind Christian
Coleman, who won silver, and Justin Gatlin, who took home the gold. It was the first time
that Bolt had been beaten at a World Athletic Championships since 2007. His struggles didn't
end there: in the 4x100-meter relay, which many believed would be Bolt's final race, he
collapsed from a hamstring injury and had to cross the finish line with the help of his
teammates.

In August 2017, following the World Athletic Championships, Bolt announced his retirement
from track and field. “For me I don’t think one championship is going to change what I’ve
done,” he said at a press conference. “I personally won’t be one of those persons to come
back.”

Soccer Career
Usain Bolt had long talked about eventually making a career in soccer. In August 2017,
following his retirement from track and field, he planned to join Manchester United for a
charity game against Barcelona, but he had to miss the match due to his hamstring injury. In
September, Bolt said he was already in talks with several pro soccer teams, including
Manchester United. “We have a lot of offers from different teams, but I have to get over my
injury first and then take it from there,” he told reporters.

In October, Bolt reaffirmed his commitment to playing soccer. "For me it's a personal goal. I
don't care what people really think about it. I'm not going to lie to myself. I'm not going to be
stupid," he told reporters at the U.S. Formula One Grand Prix. "If I go out there and feel I can
do this then I will give it a try. It's a dream and another chapter of my life. If you have a
dream that you always wanted to do, why not try and see where it will go."

Childhood and Early Successes


Both a standout cricket player and a sprinter early on, Bolt's natural speed was noticed by
coaches at school, and he began to focus solely on sprinting under the tutelage of Pablo
McNeil, a former Olympic sprint athlete. (Glen Mills would later serve as Bolt's coach and
mentor.) As early as age 14, Bolt was wowing fans of sprinting with his lightning speed, and
he won his first high school championships medal in 2001, taking the silver in the 200-meter
race.

At the age of 15, Bolt took his first shot at success on the world stage at the 2002 World
Junior Championships in Kingston, Jamaica, where he won the 200-meter dash, making him
the youngest world-junior gold medalist ever. Bolt's feats impressed the athletics world, and
he received the International Association of Athletics Foundation’s Rising Star Award that
year and soon was given the apt nickname "Lightning Bolt."
Professional Track & Field
Despite a nagging hamstring injury, Bolt was chosen for the Jamaican Olympic squad for the
2004 Athens Olympics. He was eliminated in the first round of the 200-meter, though, again
hampered by injury.

Bolt reached the world Top 5 rankings in 2005 and 2006. Unfortunately, injuries continued to
plague the sprinter, preventing him from completing a full professional season.

In 2007, Bolt broke the national 200-meter record held for over 30 years by Donald Quarrie,
and earned two silver medals at the World Championship in Osaka, Japan. These medals
boosted Bolt's desire to run, and he took a more serious stance toward his career.

Other Races
Bolt took back the 100-meter world title on August 11, 2013, after having lost the title in
2011. Although Bolt didn't strike his signature "lightning bolt" pose after the race, his
winning image still caused a stir, with lightning striking just as he crossed the finish line.

In 2015, Bolt faced some challenges. He came in second at the Nassau IAAF World Relays in
May, but secured an individual win in the 200-meter event at Ostrava Golden Spike event
that same month. He also dominated the 200-meter race at the New York Addias Grand Prix
that June. But trouble with his pelvic muscles led him to withdraw from two races. Bolt,
however, made a comeback that July with a 100-meter win at London's Anniversary Games.

Book
He published a memoir My Story: 9:58: The World’s Fastest Man in 2010, which was
reissued two years later as The Fastest Man Alive: The True Story of Usain Bolt.

With Silangit International Airport in North Tapanuli, North Sumatra, the


tourism ministry is aiming to attract more international tourists to visit Lake
Toba.

“In Singapore, there are 15 million international tourists and five million
Singaporeans. The travel duration is only 55 minutes from Silangit,” said
Tourism Minister Arief Yahya.

After Singapore, the ministry is also targeting tourists from Malaysia and
China, the latter is the biggest market. The number of outbound travelers can
reach up to 120 million people.
Arief said that he is willing to offer incentives for airlines who come up with a
new flight route from China to Silangit, “We are aiming [for it to happen] this
year,” Arief added.

Competent human resources are also important in the tourism industry, Arief
said that all employees should have a regional certification that fits the ASEAN
MRA-TP standard.

Silangit International Airport welcomed its first international flight by Garuda


Indonesia that traveled from Singapore on Oct. 28. To commemorate this
occasion, both provincial and regional administrations partnered up with
tourism industry players to create 10 tour packages for Singaporean tourists to
travel to Lake Toba.

Dates for the trips are available from Oct. 28 until Nov. 21 and packages are
divided into 3D2N (three days and two nights) priced at S$ 299 ($218), 4D3N
priced at S$ 349 and 5D4N priced at S$ 489 with an additional destination to
Medan.

These 10 tour packages are targeted to have around 60 people for each trip,
which means that there will be around 600 international tourists coming to
Lake Toba between the months of October and November.

Lake Toba is expected to welcome one million overseas tourists in 2019, and
total revenue can reach up to one million dollars. (asw)

Squirrels are nimble, bushy-tailed rodents found all over the world. They
belong to the Sciuridae family, which includes prairie dogs, chipmunks
and marmots.

There are more than 200 species of squirrels, according to the Integrated
Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), and they are categorized into
three types: tree squirrels, ground squirrels and flying squirrels. These
three categories are further broken down into many squirrel types, such
as Albino, Mountain Tree, Antelope, Spotted, Grey, American Red,
Douglas, Fox, Pygmy, Northern Flying, Southern, Arizona Gray, Idaho,
Arctic Ground, Albert’s, Franklin, Richardson, Rock, White and Black
squirrel.

Size

Since there are so many types of squirrels, they range greatly in size. The
smallest squirrel is the African pygmy squirrel. It grows to 2.8 to 5 inches
(7 to 13 centimeters) in length and weighs just 0.35 ounces (10 grams).
The Indian giant squirrel is the world's largest known squirrel. It grows to
36 inches (1 meter) long and weighs up to 4 pounds (1.8 kilograms).
American red squirrels feed on the seeds of evergreen trees.

Credit: Barb Thomas

Grey squirrels, commonly found in North America, are medium-size


squirrels. They grow to 15 to 20 inches (38.1 to 50.8 cm) in length, with
their tails adding an extra 6 to 9.5 inches (15.24 to 24.13 cm) to their
length. They typically weigh about 1 to 1.5 pounds (0.45 to 0.68 kg).

A group of squirrels are called a scurry or dray. They are very territorial
and will fight to the death to defend their area. Mother squirrels are the
most vicious when defending their babies.

Some squirrels are crepuscular. This means that they are only active at
dawn and dusk.

Where do squirrels live?

Squirrels live on every continent except in Australia and Antarctica,


according to the BBC.

Tree squirrels typically live in wooded areas, since they prefer to live in
trees. Ground squirrels live up to their names. They dig burrows, a
system of tunnels underground, to live in. Some squirrels also hibernate
in burrows during the winter to keep warm.

Albino squirrels are quite popular in some parts of the United States. Olney, Ill., is one of the towns
that calls itself "Home of the White Squirrels," along with Marionville, Mo., and Brevard, N.C. The
township of Kenton, Tenn., proudly boasts a population of 200 of the furry, pale rodents.

Credit: Andrea Browning

Flying squirrels make their homes in tree holes or nests that are built into
the crooks of branches. To get from tree to tree or from a tree to the
ground, flying squirrels spread the muscle membrane between their legs
and body and glide on the air. They can glide up to 160 feet (48 m),
making it look like they can fly.

On average, squirrels eat about one pound of food per week. Many people
think that squirrels only eat nuts, but this isn't true. Squirrels are
omnivores, which means they like to eat plants and meat. Squirrels
mainly eat fungi, seeds, nuts and fruits, but they will also munch on eggs,
small insects, caterpillars, small animals and even young snakes.
What do squirrels eat?

To prepare for cold months, squirrels will bury their food. In the winter
months they have a store of food they can eat when supplies are scarce.

Baby squirrels

A female carries her young for a gestation period of 29 to 65 days,


depending on the size of the species; smaller squirrels have shorter
gestation periods, according to the University of Michigan's Animal Diversity
Web. Mothers give birth to two to eight offspring at one time. Babies are
called kits or kittens and are born blind. They depend on their mothers for
around two or three months.

A boost of stress during pregnancy helps red squirrels ensure that their pups will grow fast.

Credit: Photo by Ryan W. Taylor

After seven to eight weeks, the young are weaned. When the kits leave
the nest, they don't travel farther than 2 miles from home, according to
the Massachusetts Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Some species of squirrel
have new litters every few months or as little as twice per year.

Classification/taxonomy

The taxonomy of squirrels, according to the Integrated Taxonomic Information


System (ITIS), is:
 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Mammalia
 Order: Rodentia
 Suborder: Sciuromorpha
 Family: Sciuridae
 Subfamilies: Callosciurinae (Southern Asian tree squirrels), Ratufinae (giant tree squirrels),
Sciurillinae (South American pygmy squirrels), Sciurinae (includes flying squirrels), Xerinae
(includes ground squirrels)
 Genera & species: 21 genera & more than 200 species, including Lariscus hosei (Four-striped
ground squirrel), Exilisciurus whiteheadi (Tufted pygmy squirrel), Ratufa bicolor (Black giant
squirrel), Glaucomys sabrinusi (Northern flying squirrel) and Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (Red
squirrel)

Conservation status

According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature's Red


List, these species are endangered: San Joaquin antelope ground squirrel,
woolly flying squirrel, Sipora flying squirrel, Mentawi flying squirrel,
Siberut flying squirrel, smoky flying squirrel, Vincent's bush squirrel, Baja
California rock squirrel, Idaho ground squirrel, Perote ground squirrel,
fraternal squirrel and Mearns' squirrel. The Namdapha flying squirrel is
critically endangered.

Other facts

Squirrels have four teeth in the front of their mouth that constantly grow
throughout their lives. This ensures that their teeth don't wear down to
nubs from gnawing on nuts and other objects.

These rodents have remarkable little bodies. For example, a squirrel has
padded feet that cushions jumps from up to 20 feet (6 meters) long. Their
eyes are high on their head and placed on each side of the head so they
can see a large amount of their surroundings without having to turn their
head. They are also fantastic runners. Squirrels can run 20 mph (32 kph).

The gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) isn't just gray. It comes in a variety
of colors, such as white, gray, brown and black. These little squirrels are
great at planting trees. They bury their acorns, but forget where they put
them. The forgotten acorns become oak trees.
Correction: This article was updated on May 4, 2016, to reflect the correct length of the
gestation period.