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PERSONAL DETAILS

1. Self Introduction

Introducer : David, this is Catherine


David : Hi, how are you?
Catherine : Fine, thanks
David : Nice to meet you
What’s your name? : Nice to meet you too.
Could you tell me your : My name’s ….
name please? or I’m …. (Name)
May I know your name?

2. Asking a Job

What’s your occupation? I’ m a midwife,


What’s your job? I’m a mechanic,
What’s your profession? I’m in Business.
What do you do for a living? I repair cars,
What do you do? I work in the hospital. I’m a midwife
Where do you work? I work for an American Hospital
Who do you work for? Yes, I’m. or no. I’m a painter
Are you a journalist (lawyer, judge?

3. Place of Birth

Where were you born? I was born in…( place)


Where do you come from? I come from …(place)
Where are you from? I’m from ….. (place).

4. Date of Birth (Age)

When were you born? I was born (on June 7, 1996)


How old are you? I’m … years old.
What’s your age? My old is about 15 years
That’s right. I’m exactly 27 years

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Are you still very young? old. Yes, I’m two years older than
Are you older than your cousin? she is.
5. Nationality

What nationality are you? I’m an Australian,


What’s your nationality? I’m from Sydney,
Where are you from? Australia
Are you Japanese Are you from Yes, I’m Japanese by birth but I’m
Japanese? American by marriage.
6. Marital Status
What’s your marital status? Married/Single/unmarried/widow(er)
Are you married? Yes, I’m or no I’m not
Are (still) single? (Tergantung keadaan sesungguhnya)
Aren’t you married? Yes, I’m or no, I’m not
Are you engaged? Yes, I’m or no, I’m not
Are you divorced? Yes, I’m or no, I’m not
7. Address
What’s your address? . Jln Abdullah Dg. Sirua, Blok A.1
Where do you live? No.8
Do you live far or near from here? I live in Jl..Number..or at Number
What’s your (tele) phone number? ..Jl.
What’s your office address? It’s about 5 minute walk.
What’s your office phone number? (0411)871811
It’s on Jl A. P.Petrani
(0411)405973
8. Height

What’s your height? 1.60 cm


How tall are you? I’m 160 cm tall
9. Weight
What’s your weight? 60 kg
How much do you weight?
10. Interest/hobbies

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What’s your hobby? I collect stamps
What are your hobbies? or I don’t really have any hobbies.
I like playing chess
Do you have any hobbies?
What do you do in your spare time?
11. Family
How many brothers and sisters do I’ve one brother and two sisters
you have? I have three children.
How many children do you have? I’m the thirds child.
What child are you in?
12. Language Spoken
How many languages do you speak? I speak three languages:
Indonesian,
What language do you speak? Bulginess (my local language)
What foreign language(s) do you speak? English and Arabic.
Do you speak any foreign language? Yes, I speak English
13. Education (School and University Attended)

Where and when did you get your- I got my … education in + place in
Midwifery / Nursery education? + year I graduated from strata one,
What’s your last education? program…Mks.
Are you a university graduate? Yes, I graduated from……
Do you have a Yes, I got Ph.D in educational
Diploma/Master/Ph.D Degree? technology
What’s your major?
What’s your specialization?

ENGLISH VERB TENSES

This diagram will be used in the tenses descriptions:

Now

Past Future

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The Simple Tenses

TENSE EXAMPLE MEANING


(a) It Snows in Alaska In general, the simple present
SIMPLE PRESENT
(b) I watch television expresses events or situations that
every day. exist always, usually, habitually; they
exist now, have existed in the past, and
(c) It Snowed yesterday probably
At will existtime
one particular in the future
in the past, this
SIMPLE PAST
(d) I watched television happened. It began and ended in the
last night. past.
(e) It will Snow At one particular time in the future,
SIMPLE FUTURE
tomorrow this will happen.
(f) I will watch
television tonight.

1. The Progressive Tenses*

Form : be + -ing (present participle)

Meaning: The progressive tenses give the idea that an action is in progress
during a particular time. The tenses say that an action begins before, is
in progress during, and continues after another time or action

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PRESENT (a) He is sleeping He went to sleep at 10:00
PROGRESSIVE right now tonight. It is now 11:00 and
he is still sleep. His sleep

11:00-
10:00
began in the past, is
PAST PROGRESSIVE (b) He was He went to sleep at 10:00 last
sleeping when night. I arrived at 11:00 . He
10:0
11:0
0
0

I arrived. was still sleep. His sleep


began before and was in
FETURE (c) He will be progress at particular time in
PROGRESSIVE sleeping when He will go to sleep at 10:00
10:00
11:00

we arrive. tomorrow night. We will


arrive at 11:00. The action of
sleeping will begin before we
arrive and it will be in

Exercise 1. Use either the simple present or the present progressive of the verbs in
parentheses.
1. Kathy (sit, usually*) ………………….. in the front row during
class, but today she (sit) ……….. in the last row.
2. Diana can’t come to the phone because she (wash) …….. her heir.
3. Diana (wash) ………….. her heir every other day or so.
4. Please be quite, I (try) ……………… to concentrate.

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5. (Lock, you, always) ………………… the door to your apartment
when you leave?
6. Look!. It (snow) ……………….
7. Mika (go, not) …………… to school right now because it is
summer. He (attend) …….. college from September to May every
year, but in the summers he (have, usually) ……….. a job at the
post office. In fact, he (work) ………… there this summer.Right
now I (look) ………… around the classroom. Ahmad (write)
…………. In his book. Carlos (bite) ………….
Exercise 2. Use the simple past or the past progressive in the following
1. I (read) …….. only two chapters last week.
2. I (read) ……. A book last night when you called.
3. I (call) ……… John at nine last night, he (be, not) ……… at home.
He (study) ……….. at the library.
4. I (hear, not)……… the thunder during the storm last night because I
(sleep) ……….
5. My brother and sister (argue)………………… about something
when I (walk) …….into the room.
6. When I (open) ………………. The package, I (find) …………… a
surprise.
7. He (climb) ………………… the stairs when he (trip) ………….
And (fall) …….............. . Luckily, he (hurt, not) …………………
himself.
8. While I (read) ………………. The little boy a story, he (fall)
……………….. asleep, so I (close) ………………….. the book and
quickly (tiptoe) …………… out of the room.

2. The Perfect Tenses

Form : have + -ed (past participle)

Meaning : The perfect tenses all give the idea that one thing happens before
now
eat

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(time ?)
another time or event.
(a) I have already I finished eating sometime
PRESENT PERFECT
eaten before now. The exact time
is not important

(b) I had already First I finished eating.


PAST PERFECT
eaten when they Later they arrived. My
arriv
e
eat

arrived eating was completely


finished before another
time in the past
FETURE PERFECT (c) I will already First I will finish eating.
have eaten when Later they will arrive. My
arri
ve
eat

they arrive eating will be completely


finished before another
time in the future

Exercise 3. Oral (books closed) Begin your response with “I have never ….”
Example: see that movie
Response: I’ve never seen that movie
1. Drive truck 14. have a car accident
2. Buy an airplane 15. speak to ( a local personage)
3. Read that book 16. steal anything
4. Break the window 17. fall off a mountain

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5. Draw a picture of yourself 18. bring a friend to class
6. Ride a horse 19. hold a snake
7. Eat paper 20. feed a lion
8. Teach English 21. build a house
9. Catch a butterfly 22. forget your name
10. Win a million dollars 23. wear a kimono
11. Fly an airplane 24. drink Turkish coffee
12. Sleep past ten o’clock 25. understand theory of relativity
13. Lose your wallet 26. leave your umbrella at a
restaurant

3. The Perfect Progressive Tenses

Form : have + been + (V1+ing)

Meaning: The perfect progressive tenses give the idea that one event is in progress immediately
before, up to, until another time or event. The tenses are used to express the
duration of the first event

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(a) I have been studying for Event in progress:
PRESENT PERFECT
two hours Studying. When?
PROGRESSIVE
Before now, up to now.
How long? For two
hours
2 hrs
(b) I had been studying for Event in progress:
PAST PERFECT
two hours before my Studying. When?
PROGRESSIVE
friend came Before another event in
the past. How

2 hrs long? For two hours

FETURE PERFECT (c) I will have been Event in progress:


PROGRESSIVE studying for two hours Studying. When?
by the time you arrive Before another
event in the future.
2 hrs How long? For two
hours

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Exercise 4. Use the present perfect or the present perfect progressive. In some
sentences, either tense may be used with little or no change in the
meaning.

1. It (snow) ………. all day. I wonder when it will stop.


2. We (have) ………. three major snowstorms so far this winter. I
wonder how many more we will have.
3. It’s ten P.M. I (study) …… for two hours and probably won’t finish
until midnight.
4. I (write) …….. them three times, but I still haven’t received a reply.
5. I (live) ……….. here since last March
6. The telephone (ring) ………… four times in the last hours, and each
time it has been for my roommate.
7. The telephone (ring) … for almost a minute. Why doesn’t someone
answer?
8. The little boy is dirty head to foot because he (play … In the mud.
Exercise 5. Written: Complete the following with your ideas (Perfect
progressive):
1. …………………………… since 8 o’clock this morning.
2. ………………………………… since I came to ……….
3. …………………………………since 19.. (Year).
4. ……………………………since …………….. (month).
5. …………………………………since ……………..(day).

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Exercise 6. Use the simple past or the past perfect. Are there some blanks
where either tense is possible?

1. He (be) ……………a newspaper reporter before he (become)


……….. a businessman.
2. I was late, the teacher (give, already) ………. A quiz when I (get)
………… to class.
3. The anthropologist (leave) …………. the village when she
(collect) .. …. enough data.
4. It was raining hard, but by the time class (be) …………. Over, the
rain (stop) ……….. .
Exercise 7. Use the present perfect progressive or the past perfect
progressive:
1. It is midnight. I (study) ……………… for five straight hours. No
wonder I’m getting tired.
2. It was midnight. I (study …………. For five straight hours. No
wonder I was getting tired.
3. Jack suddenly realized that the teacher was asking him a question.
He couldn’t answer because he (daydream) ………… for the last
ten minutes
4. Wake up!. You (sleep) ………….long enough. It’s time to get up.
5. At least two hundred people were waiting in line to buy tickets to
the game. Some of them (stand) ……………in line for more than
four hours. We decided not try to get tickets for ourselves.

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Exercise 8. Use the simple future/be going to* or the simple present.
1. I’m going to leave in half an hour. I (finish) will finish/am going to
finish all of my work before I (leave) leave.
2. I’m going to eat lunch at 12.30. After I (eat) …………. Lunch, I
(take) ……….. a nap.
3. I’ll get home around six. When I (get) …………home, I (Call)
………..Sharon.
4. I’m going to watch a TV program at nine. Before I (watch)
……….that program at nine, I (write) ………..to my parents.

5. Tomorrow I’m going to give a dinner party. I have planned it very


carefully. Before I (ask) …………my guests to come to the dining
room, I (serve) ………. drinks and hors in the leaving room
(* Usually there is little or no difference in meaning between will
and be going to)
Exercise 9. Use the future progressive or simple present.
1. Right now I am attending class. Yesterday at this time, I was
attending class. Tomorrow at this time, I (attend) …………class.
2. Tomorrow I’m going to leave for home. When I (arrive) ………..at
airport, my whole family (wait) ……………for me fast
3. When I (get) ……………. Up tomorrow morning, the sun (shine)
……………, the birds (sing) ………………, at my roommate (lie,
still)…………..in bed fast asleep.

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Summary Chart of Verb Tenses

SIMPLE PRESENT PRESENT PROGRESSIVE

The World is arround. I am studyng right now.


SIMPLE PAST PAST PROGRESSIVE

I studied last night I was studying when they came.

SIMPLE FUTURE FUTURE PROGRESSIVE

I will study tomorrow


I will be studyng when you come

PRESENT PERFECT PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE

I have alredy studied chapter one. I have been studying for two hours
PAST PERFECT PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE

I had bee studying for two hours before


I had already studied Chapter One
my friends came.
before I began
FETURE to study Chapter two.
PERFECT FETURE PERFECT PROGRESSIVE

I will already have studied Chapter I will have been studying for two hours
four befor I study Chapter five by the time you arrive.

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3. PASSIVE VOICE
Formula:
Simple : Subject + Be + Past Participle + O
Continuous: Subject + Be + Being + Past Participle + O
1. Any is injected by the nurse.
2. Armin is being injected by the nurse.
3. Diabetic patients were injected by the nurse yesterday
- 4. Mr. Baddu is not injected by the doctor.
5. Are the patients injected by the nurse?
6. By who is a patient injected?
Example: Change Active Voice into Passive Voice:
Tenses ACTIVE PASSIVE
Simple. Present Rini helps Jhon Jhon is helped by Rini
Present Continous Rini is Helping Jhon Jhon is being helped by Rini
Present. Perfect Tense Rini has Helped Jhon Jhon has been helped by Rini
Simpel Past Rini helped Jhon Jhon was helped by Rini
Past Contnous Rini was helping Jhon Jhon was being helped by Rini
Past Perfect Rini had helping Jhon Jhon had been helped by Rini
Simpel .Future Rini will help Jhon Jhon will be helped by Rini
Rini is going to help Jhon is going to be helped by Rini
Jhon
Future Perfect Rini will have helped Jhon will have been helped by Rini
Jhon
Modals Rini can help Jhon Jhon can be helped by Rini

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Exercises1: Correct the underline word in these passive voice sentences.
1. All bottles was frozen before transportation.
2. Everything are forbidden.
3. Everything is going be forgotten.
4. Everything that had is overheard remained a secret.
5. I have not be given the money.
6. It had not been knew for years.
7. It are said that learning English is easy.
8. John and Ann was not misled.
9. Our horses is well fed
10. Peter and Tom was hurt in an accident yesterday.
11. South Florida and Hawaii has been hit by a hurricane.
12. The battles for liberation had been frighten before the liberation of the Iron
Curtain.
13. The best way will been found.
14. The money have not been given to me
15. The mosquito bite could not been felt.

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