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32) 8015 International Standard INTERNATIONAL ONGANZATION FON STANONNOIEATIN ENAVHAFORVAA GPT ANVAHA I GT ANIAPTVAALINGORGARATION ITETRATIONALEDERORMALIATIN Technical drawings — Fundamental tolerancing principle Dessins techniques — Principe de tolérancement de base First edition — 1985-12-15 Obiained from and reproduced by Document Engineering Co., Inc. with the permission of ISO & ANSI under royalty agreement. 15210 Stagg Street, Van Nuys, California 91405-1092 UDC 744.4; 621.763.1 Ref. No. ISO 8015-1985 (E) e FE ontnan: ens ial denn dense san, a ha, tect tn s g Foreword 180 the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of rnetional standards bodies (ISO member bodice). The work of proparing International ‘Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical committes. Each member body interested in a subject for which 2 technical committee has baen estabished has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, govern ‘mental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work Draft Intemational Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bedies for aparoval before their accoptance as International Standards by tho ISO Council. They are approved in accordance with ISO procedures requiring at least 75 % approval by the member bocles vating Intemational Standard ISO 8015 was prepared by Tachnical Committee ISO/TC 10, Technical drawings. Users should note that all International Standards undergo revision from time to time 1nd that eny reference made herein to any other Intarnational Standard implies its latast odition, uniess otherwise stated. © Internationel Organization for Stenderdizstion, 1985 © Protein Switeerand INTERNATIONAL STANDARD 180 8015-1095 (E) Technical drawings — Fundamental tolerancing principle 1 Scope ‘Tris International Standard specifies the principle of the re- lationship between dimensional near and angular tolerances ‘and geometical tolerances. 2. Field of application ‘The specified principle shall be apoted on technical drawings ‘and related technical documents 10 = linear dimensions and their tolerances; angular dimensions and ther tolerances; geometrical tolerances; Which eetine the following four sspects for each feature of the part = form; = otientation; = location. 3. References 180 286/1, 180 system of mits and fits ~ Part 1: Bases of tolerances, deviations and fits." 130 1101, Technical drawings ~ Geometrical tolerencing ~ Tolerancing of form, orientation, location and run-out — Generalities, definitions, symbols, indications on drewings. 1S0 2632, Technical drawings — Gaometiea!tlerencing — ‘Maximum material principle. 4. Principle of independency Each specified dimensional or geometrical requirement on @ drawing shal be met Independentiy, unless @ particular re- letionship Is specified. i) At present at the stage of daft (Revision of [SO/R 285-1862 2) At present atthe stag of craft (Revision of ISO 1101/2-1874.) “eensed copes epinted use! an agreement with ISO. No luther reproducten Therefore, where no relationship 's specified, the geometrical tolerance applies rogardiess of feature size, and the two re quirements are treated as being unrelated, Consequenty, if a particular relationship of = size and form, of = size and orientation, oF = size and location is required, it shall be specified on the drawing (see clause 6) 5 Tolerances 5.1 Dimensional tolerances 5.1.1 Unear tolerances {A linear tolerance controls only the actual focal sizes (two-point measurements) of @ feature, but not its form deviations (for example circularity and straightness devistions of a cylindrical, {feature or flatness deviations of two peralel plane surfaces). (S00 [SO 286/'.) Form deviations shal, however, be controlled by the following: — tndividully indicated form tolerances; —goneral geometrical tleraness; = envelope requirement NOTE — For tha purposes of this international Stendard, 2 singe feature consists of 2 cynical surface or two paral! pane sufacos “There Is no contro! of the geometicelineretlonship of indvduat features by to nea tolerances. For exarale, th porpendeulriy of ‘the sides ofa ovDe not controlad and, eran, Ieequres @ Doren ult tlerance dictated by the design requirement.