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UDC 621.75J.

2 (100) DEUTSCHE NORMEN December 1965)(

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u
Q)
Q.
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Plain Workshop and Inspection Gauges
Manufacturing Tolerances and Permissible Wear 7162
DIN

c.,
~~D

~ . Q g~
·00 r-
--------------------
-~ ~ ~~ ..--------------------Herstelltoleranzen
Arbeits- --------------------
Frtiflehren fUr LangenmaBe1
und zulassige Abnutzung
--------------------~L.--------------------~
und
-
Q)
..a
oo
0 0~
c 'l; i Dimensions in,.um
~ ... ~f
c -:; .3.1: Gauges for internal dimensions (holes) dimensions (shafts)
u:;:
., ...
==
!~
CL) ..... .! ...
cc 0 :1
-.,
~
V
i~
0 M
Nominal size
:I u mruup to
Cl 'i
0 .!
z
~ ~
0
" 'tl....."
'tl
.... ....'tl"' <: ..
...."'" ..... .....s
II
"' "'0 "'0 .0......"'
"
0

"" ..... ,.0


~ "'
0
l!J
a >C
i!~
0 "I <!>
~
""'
: I I
r · ·~· -· ~~
I ~" Inspection
I
"' """...
"'""
<:
..., 0
!! Workpiece gauge :.:
;;
"'

M

....
~~~-= ~~:/
~
"" Nominal size
~pver
::;
1
-g"
:>
~
0
...0 . ::t:~....

.
.
0
c ..
II C
E
:; " .....en
z .....
'tl "' a .,
c
.. "'.,"
.....
co
0 0 0
0
.....
"'""'
'tl
.....
] ... f ~~ "I """
..
c"
0
:2 Inspection """
ll.Oll<:
"'a "'z..,
;
... I I gauge ... 0

"'c
·e"D> Manufacturing tolerances Perm.wear Tolerance on workpiece Illustrated for quality 5 to 8;
... Internal. External
.z;
Inspection Workshop Workshop !or quality 9 onwards y and y 1
c gauge gauge gauge dimension dimenaion
~
are equal to 0
·e
5c
[I ~ ~ For meaning o! symbols, see
page 3

.:
~
Formulae for determining gauge dimensions

0, Nominal size r8.llge


"5
N
Gauges Side of
up to 180mm over 180 ma
0
for gauge Workshop gauge Inspection gauge Workshop gauge Inspection gauge
-ti rW111fec-
Design Manufacturing Design IManufac•
turing Design
.
~!anufac turing Des~gn turing
"'
0
iS. size tolerance size tolerance size tolerance size tole.rarce
i;" H HI)
-ti
D
Not go G ± 2H or ±i not
G-.:x ± i-(
2
or ±2
not
z Int•rnal defined defined
+!!_ K+z ±H or ±H.
dimen- new K+z -2 "f 2
sion Go
worn K-y - K-y+.:x -
worn G+y, - G+yl ± nP lo+y,-cx,
2
- G+y1 -cx 1 ± HP
2
External Go
dimen- new G- z1 ± H, G- z1 ±HP G- ZJ ±11 G- z1 ± Hr>
sion 2 2 2 2
~~ '
:~ ±HI ± HP ±HI /( + (WI + Hr>
..liO,,
..5
M
~

I Not go /(
7
/(
2
K+<X, 2 -2
...
~

~ 0
_.:: E
1
) B/2 applies only it spherical end measuring rods are not used.
0 •
For ISA system of !ita, introduction, gauges, see DIN 7150 Sheet 2
.-
M

.. '6 ...
g.: .
0

Continued on pages 2 to 5
;~" Explanations on page 6
-" ...
~i i
~ ... % ~----------------- ------------------
Alleinverkauf der Normblcitter durdl Beuth-Venrieb GmbH, Berlin 30 und K<iln ------------------
------------------ -------~~~~~~~--~~
DIN 7162 engl. l'reisgr.~~--~5
Vertr.·Nr, 0106
.
01 91

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Page 2 DIN 7162

Gauges for lnternal dlmens1ons (holes)

Nominal ~uality of workpiece according to I SO tolerance group


siz e range Symbol

mm 6 7 I 8 9 I 10 11 I 12 13 I 14 15 I 16
T 6 10 14 25 l 40 60 l 100 140 I 250 400 1 60o

from 1 H/2 0,6 1 1 2 5 5


to 3 y 1 1,5 3 0 0 0 0
z 1 1,5 2 5 10 20 40
T 8 12 18 30 I 48 75 I 120 180 I 300 480 J 750
over 3 Hf2 0,75 1,25 1,25 2,5 6 6
·-
to 6 y 1 1,5 3 0 0 0 0
z 1,5 2 3 6 12 24 48
r 9 15 22 36 I 58 90 I 150 220 l 360 580 l 900
H/2 0,75 1,25 1,25 3 7,5 7,5
over 6
H5 /2 0,75 0,75 0,75 2 4,5 4,5
to 10
y 1 1,5 3 0 0 0 0
z 1,5 2 3 7 14 28 56
T 11 18 27 43 I 70 110 I 180 270 l 430 700 l 1100
H/2 1 1,5 1,5 4 9 9
over I 0
H,/2 1 1 1 2,5 5,5 5,5
to 18
y 1,5 2 ~ 0 0 0 0
l 2 2,5 4 8 16 32 64
T 13 21 33 52 l 84 130
l 210 330 l 520 840 J1300
H/2 1,25 2 2 4,5 10,5 10,5
over 'a H,/2 1,25 1,25 1,25 3 6,5 6,5
to 30
y 1,5 3 ~ 0 0 0 0
z 2 3 5 9 19 36 72
r 16 25 39 62 1 100 160
J 250 390 1 620 1000 l 1600
H/2 1,25 2 2 5,5 12,5 12,5
o ver 30
HJ2 1,25 1,25 1,25 3,5 8 8
to so
y 2 3 5 0 0 0 0
z 2,5 3,5 6 11 22 42 80
T 19 30 46 74 l 120 190 l 300 46o 1 740 12oo 1 19oo
H/2 1,5 2,5 2,5 6,5 15 15
over 50
HJ2 1,5 1,5 1,5 4 9,5 9,5
to 80
y 2 3 5 0 0 0 0
z 2,5 4 7 13 25 48 90
T 22 35 54 87 I 140 220
l 350 540 l 870 1400 j2200
H/2 2 3 3 7,5 17,5 17,5
over SO
H,/2 2 2 2 5 11 11
to 120
y 3 4 6 0 0 0 0
z 3 5 8 15 28 54 100
T 25 40 63 100 1 160 250 l 400 630 j1ooo 1600 12500
Hf'l 2,5 4 4 9 20 20
over 120 2,5 2,5 2,5 6 12,5 12,5
H,/2
t o 180
y 3 4 6 0 0 0 0
z 4 6 9 18 32 60 110
~-

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DIN 7162 Page 3

Gau~es for internal dimensions (holes) (continued)

Nominal. Quality of workpiece according to ISO tolerance group


Symbol
eize range

I a I 10 11 I 12 13 I 14 15 I 16
mm
r
6
29
7
46 72 '
115 185 290 460 720 1150 1850 2900
H/2 3,5 5 5 10 23 23
over 180 H,/2 3,5 3,5 3,5 7 U,5 U,5
to 250 y 4 6 7 0 0 0 0
z 5 7 12 21 24 40 45 80 100 170 210
(): 2 3 4 4 7 10 15 25 45 70 110
T 32 52 81 130 210 320 520 810 1300 2100 3200
H/2 4 6 6 11,5 26 26
over 250 H,/2 4 4 4 B 16 16
to 315 y 5 7 9 0 0 0 0
z 6 8 14 24 27 45 50 90 110 190 240
Cl< 3 4 6 6 9 15 20 35 55 90 140
T 36 57 89 140 230 360 570 890 1400 2300 3600
H/2 4,5 6,5 6,5 12,5 28,5 28,5
H,/2 4,5 4,5 4,5 9 18 18
over 315
to 400 y 6 8 9 0 0 0 0
z 7 10 16 28 32 50 65 100 125 210 280
Cl< 4 6 7 7 11 15 30 45 70 110 180
T 40 63 97 155 250 400 630 970 1550 2500 4000
H/2 5 7,5 7,5 13,5 31,5 31,5
HJ2 5 5 5 10 20 20
over 400
to 500 y 7 9 11 0 0 0 0
z 8 11 18 32 37 55 70 110 145 240 320
(): 5 7 9 9 1.4 20 35 55 90 140 220
Gauge dimensions for workpieces whose tolerances "T" are not contained in the above Table are
evaluated bY" the data given for the next larger ":£." in the same nominal size range.
Worked example 2 )
Gauge dimensions for gauge ~
The workpiece allowances are + 0,162} eee DIN 7161
+ 0.110
The size limits for the workpiece are therefore
G c 25.000 + 0,162 c 25.162 mm
K = 25.000 + 0.110 • 25.110 mm
for a workshop gause these values give the following:
Not go side s G~
H
'=
25,162 + 0,02 ~

Go side new .. (K+z) :t ~ .. (25.110 + 0.009):!: 0.02


.. ~± 0.02!!!!!!
Go side worn • K- y = 25.110- 0
= 25.110 mm
Meaning of symbols used
G • Maximum of workpiece
H c Manufacturing tolerance of workshop gauges for internal dimensions
(excluding spherical end measuring rode)
a Manufacturing tolerance of spherical end measuring rods
= Manufacturing tolerance of workshop gauges for external dimensions
= Manufacturing tolerance of inspection gauges
= Minimum of workpiece
Tolerance on workpiece (T = G - K)
= Quantity specifying wear limit
= Quantity specifying design size of go side
~ Safety allowance for metrological uncertainty
2
) For gauge dimensions and manufacturing tolerances for ISO fit sizes from 1 to 500 mm
nominal for workshop plug gauges and spherical end meaeuring rods, to be evaluated from
the gauge allowances, see DIN 7164

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Page 4 DIN 7162

. ~auges for external dimensions (shafts)

Nominal ~uality of workpiece according to ISO toler ance group


Srmbol
eize range

mm 5 6 l 7 8 9 I 10 11 I 12 13 _l 14 1s I 16

T 4 6 I 10 14 25 140 60 1 100 140 I 2so 400 1 600


Hd2 0,6 1 1,5 1,5 2 5 5
from 1 0,6 0,6 0,6 1 1
HJ2 0,4 0,4
to 3
y, 1 1,5 3 0 0 0 0
z, 1 1,5 2 5 10 20 40
T 5 8 1 12 18 30 I 48 75 1 120 18o I 3oo 48o 1 1so
H,/2 0,75 1,25 2 2 2,5 6 6
over 3 0,5 0,5 0,75 0,75 0,75 1,25 1,25
6
HJ2
to
y, 1 1,5 3 0 0 0 0
z, 1 2 3 6 12 24 48
T 6 9 115 22 36 I 58 90 I uo 22o I 360 sao I 900
H,/2 0,75 1,25 2 2 3 7,5 7,5
ove r 6 0,75 1,25 1,25
to 10
Hpl2 0,5 0,5 015 OlS
y, 1 1,5 3 0 0 0 0
z, 1 2 3 7 14 28 56
T 8 11 1 1a 27 43 I 70 110 1 no 21o 1 43o 700 11100
H1/2 1' 1,5 2,5 2,5 4 9 9
over 10 1 1 1,5 1,5
Hp/2 0,6 0,6 1
to 18
y, 1,5 2 4 0 0 0 0
z, 1,5 2,5 4 8 16 32 64
T 9 13 1 21 33 52 I 84 130 1 2ao 33o 1 s2o 140 {1300
H1/2 1,25 2 3 3 4,5 10,5 10,5
over 18 1,25 2 2
HJ2 0,75 075 1,25 1,25
to 30
y, 2 3 4 0 0 0 0
z, 1,5 3 5 9 19 36 72
T 11 16 I 25 39 62 1 1oo 16o 1 2so 39o 1 62o 1000 11600
H1/2 1,25 2 3,5 3,5 5,5 12,5 12,5
o ver 30 1,25 1,25 2 2
to 50 HJ2 075 0,75 1,25
y, 2 3 5 0 0 0 0
z, 2 3,5 6 11 22 42 80
T 13 19 l 30 46 74 l 120 190 1 300 460 1 740 1200 lt900
H./2 1,5 2,5 4 4 6,5 15 15
over 50 1,5 2,5 2,5
Hp/2 1 1 1,5 1,5
to 80
y, 2 3 5 0 0 0 0
!--'---~ ~ -
z, 2 4 7 13 25 48 90
T 15 22 I 35 54 87 1 140 220 1 3so s40 1 87o 1400 12200
Hd2 2 3 5 5 7,5 17,5 17,5
over 80
HJ2 1,25 1,25 2 2 2 3 3
to 120
y, 3 4 6 0 0 0 0
z, 2,5 5 8 15 28 54 100

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DIN 7162 Page 5

Gauges for external dimensions (shafts) (continued )

Nominal ~uality of workpiece according to ISO tolerance group


Symbol
size range

mm s 6 I 7 a 9 I 10 11 I 12 13 I 14 15 I 16
T 11 25 _I 40 63 100 160 250 400 630 1000 1600 2500
H1/2 2,5 4 6 6 9 20 20
over 120 1,75 1,75 2,5 2,5 2,5 .( 4
to
Hp/2
180 0 0 0
y, 3 4 6 0
z, 3 6 9 18 32 60 110
185 290 460 720 1850 2900
1150
T 20 29 I 46 72 115
23
H,/2 3,5 5 7 7 10 23
2,25 2,25 3,5 3,5 3,5 5 5
over 180 HP/2
0 0 0
to 250 y, 3 5 I 6 7 0
100 170 210
z, 4 7 12 21 24 40 45 80
1 2 _j 3 4 4 7 10 15 25 45 70 110
a,
810 .1300 2100 3200
T 23 32 52 I 81 130 210 320 520
26 26
HJ12 4 6 8 8 11,5
3 3 4 4 4 6 6
HP/2
over 250 0
0
to 315 y, 3 6 I 7 9 0
45
0
50 90 110 190 240
z, 5 8 14 24 '0
15 20 35 55 90 140
a, 1,5 3 I 4 6 6 9
570 890 1400 2300 3600
T 25 36 l 57 89 140
9
230 360
12,5 28,5 28,5
H,/2 4,5 6,5 9
Hp/2 3,5 3,5 4,5 4,5 4,5 6,5 6,5
over 315
0 0
to 400 y, 4 6 I 8 9 0 0
100 125 210 280
z, 6 10 16 28 32 50 65
70 110 180
a, 2,5 4 I 6 7 7 11 15 30 45
1550 2500 4000
250 630 970
T 27 40 I 63 97 155 400
31,5
H,j2 5 7,5 10 10 13,5 31,5
HP/2 4 4 5 5 5 7,5 7,5
over 400
0 0
to 500 y, 4 7 I 9 II 0 0
70 110 145 240 320
z, 7 11 18 32 37 55
1.4 55 90 140 220
"''
3 5
I 7 9 9 20

Table
35

Gauge dimensions for workpieoes whose tolerances "T" are not contained in the above
range,
are evaluated by the data given for the next larger "!" in the same nominal size
Worked example;)
Gauge dimensions for gauge l1Q - 0.05
The workpiece allowances are:
G = 270.000 mm
K = 270 - 0,05 = 269.950 mm
for a workshop gauge these values give the following:
Go side worn • G + y 1 - « 1 • 270.000 + 0.007 - 0.004
270,003 DUD
H1
Go side new = (G-z 1 ):!; 2 (270.000- 0,008) ± 0.006
= 269.992 ! o.oo6 me
H1
Not go side "'(K+a 1 ):!: 2 .. (269.950 + 0.004) + 0.006
= 269.954 ! 0.006 ~-
)) For gauge dimensions and manufa cturing tolerances for ISO fit ~izes from 1
to 500 mm nominal for
eee DIN 716)
workshop gap gauges and inspection gauges, to be evaluated from th e gauge allowances,

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Page 6 DIN 7162

E:xplana ti ona
DI N 7162 is used for determining gauge dimensions. In t he case of gauges for internal dimensions
the tabulated values apply to workpiece qualities from IT 6 to IT 16, and in the case of
external dime nsions to workpiece qualities from IT 5 to IT 16. The present issue takes account
of ISO tolerances according to ISO Recommendation ISO/R 286 - 1962, Compared with the October
1936 issue of DIN 7162 some alterations have been made to gauge dimensions as a result of
modification of certain basic tolerances (see DIN 7151, Issue of November 1964) and of certain
basic allowances (see DIN 7152, Issue of July 1965). For the fixed gauges affected by these
changes the new ISO values are compared with the previous ISA values in the Tables below.

Basic tolerance Basic allowance on tolerance zone position or tolerance zone


Nominal IT f g i n p r s X % xb XC F G J
size range 6 7
mm
s 6 7 12 Sa. 7 8 8
6
4 6 10 100 -6 -2 -2 -4 -6 +4 +6 +10 +14 +20 +26 +60 +6 +2 +2 +4 + 6
from 1
to 3
ISO
ISA 5 7 9 90 -7 -3 -1 -2 -7 +6 +9 +12 +15 +22 +28 +50 +7 +9 +3 +3 - + 7
~3 -2 -4 +50 +80 +5 +6 +10
to 6 ~
ISO
- - - - - - -1 -3
- - - - - - - +53 +69
- +4 +5 - + 9

Basic allowance on t olerance zone position or tolerance zone


Nominal
&ize range M N p R s u X z ZA ZB zc
6a 8 8 9 to 6a.7 trom8 .rc:m8 6a,7 from8 6a.1 fum8 fum8 6 a,7 6 7 6 7
' mm 7 11
from 1 ISO -2 -2 -4 -4 -6 -6 -10 -14 -14 -18 -20 -26 -32 -40 -40 -60 -60
to 3 ISA 0 +3 -1 0 -7 -9 -12 -13 -15 -16 -22 -28 -30 -38 -38 -48 -48
-77 -76
ove r 3
to 6
ISO
ISA
- - - -
;
- - - - - - - - - -47 -46
-58 -61 -74 -77

According to ISO, in the nominal size range over 6 and up to 10 tne basic allowances are as
follows: for zb T67 instead of +70 previously, for ZB 6 -64 instead of -76 previously,
for ZB 7 -61 instead or -79 previously and for ZC 7 -91 instead of -93 previously.
In the range over 400 and up to 450 the basic allowance 2400 instead of 2~50pm applies to
zc for all qualities and to ZC !rom and including quality 8 and in tne range over 450 and
up to 500 the basic allowance 2100 instead of 2050j£m applies to zb for all qualities and
to ZB from and including quality 8.
The gauge manufacturing tolerances H, He, H and H are correlated with workpiece tolerances.
The correlation adopted in the ISA system ot
fits ~see DIN 7150 Sheet 2, Issue of July 1938x)
has been retained. In the qualities used for gauge manufacture the ISO basic tolerances have
undergone extensive changes compared with the ISA values. These changes are shown in the
Table below on the right.

Order of magnitude of IT
Nominal Gauge manufacturing tolerance ! ~ of
gauge manufacturing size range
Workpiece toleranc tolerance mm IT6 IT7
IT for IT 1 IT2 IT3 Ill ITS
T H H, HP H• !rom 1 ISO o,.c 0,6 1 1,5 2 3 5
4,5
ITS - 1 -
2 to 3 ISA 0;15 1
0,75
1,5
1,25
2 2,5 3,5
0,5
IT6 2 2
2
1
1
3
3
over
to 10
3 ISO
ISA 0;15 1 1,5
- - - -
IT7 3 1---
ISO 0,6
IT 8 to IT 10 3 2 2
2
4
5
over 10
to 18 ISA 0,75
-- - - - -
IT 11 to IT 12 5 4
over 18 ISO 1,25
IT 13 to IT 16 7 6 l 7
to 30 isA
- 1-1 - - - - -
~-~ ---,-
over 30 ISO 0,75 1,25
to 50 ISA I 1,5
- - - - -
80 ISO 1,25
over
to 120 ISA 1,5
- - - - - -
over 120 ISO 1;15
to 180 ISA 2
- - - - - -
- -- ·- ·----- - - f-cc ~ - ·
ISO 2,25
over 180
to 250 ISA 2,5
- - - - - -

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