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Valence

Electrons:
ELECTRONS
AVAILABLE
FOR
BONDING

Definition Valence electrons are electrons in the outmost shell (energy level). They are the electrons available for bonding. .

Group 1 (alkali metals) have 1 valence electron (s1) .

Group 2 (alkaline earth metals) have 2 valence electrons (s2) .

Group 13 elements have 3 valence electrons (s2p1) .

Group 14 elements have 4 valence electrons (s2p2) .

Group 15 elements have 5 valence electrons (s2p3) .

Group 16 elements have 6 valence electrons (s2p4) .

Group 17 (halogens) have 7 valence electrons (s2p5) .

Group 18 (Noble gases) have 8 valence electrons (s2p6) except helium which has only 2 .

Transition metals (“d” block) have 1 or 2 valence electrons .

Lanthanides and actinides (“f” block) have 1 or 2 valence electrons .

Dot Notations An atom’s valence electrons can be represented by Lewis dot notations. 7 valence e. 3 valence e. 2 valence e. 8 valence e- X X X X . 1 valence e. 6 valence e. 4 valence e- X X X X 5 valence e.

lithium beryllium boron carbon Li Be B C nitrogen oxygen fluorine neon N O F Ne . Bellringer Draw the Lewis dot notations for the valence electrons of the elements of Period 2.