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The Legislative Process

Introduction
This page looks at legislative processes in different European countries,
specifically, The UK, France and Germany.

This page was emailed to a number of friends on 27th July 2010

The United Kingdom

Different types of Bill:


Bills can be introduced by:

1. Public Bills
1. The government
2. Private Members' Bills
2. Individual MPs or Lords
3. Private Bills
3. Private individuals or organisations
4. Hybrid Bills

Bills starting in the Bills starting in the


House of Commons House of Lords
House of Commons House of Lords

First Reading First Reading


Second Reading Second Reading
Committee Stage Committee Stage
Report Stage Report Stage
Third Reading Third Reading

House of Lords House of Commons

First Reading First Reading


Second Reading Second Reading
Committee Stage Committee Stage
Report Stage Report Stage
Third Reading Third Reading

Consideration of amendments
Both Houses must agree on the exact wording of the Bill.

Royal Assent
Receive Royal Assent and become an Act of Parliament

Germany

Bills can be introduced


by:

1. German Different types of Bill:


Bundestag MPs
2. Bundesrat ALL
3. Federal
Government

Bills initiated by Federal Bills initiated by Bills initiated by Members of the German Bundestag
Government Bundesrat Via Federal
Via Federal Chancellor
Chancellor

Bundesrat Bundesrat Bundestag


6 Weeks to comment Majority of the Members supported by either
have voted in favour of a
bill
1. at least one parliamentary group
2. least five percent of German Bundestag
Members

Federal Government Federal Government President of the German Bundestag who distributes to all
Respond to comments 6 weeks to comment the Members of the German Bundestag, the members of
the Bundesrat and the federal ministries as a Bundestag
printed paper

Bundesrat Bundestag
Recieve comment responses 3 readings

1. 1st reading assign a committee


2. 2nd reading general debate
3. 3rd reading voting

Federal Chancellor forwards the bill to the Bundestag


with the Federal Government comments

Bundestag
Voted with required majority and
become an Act of Parliament
France

Different types of Bill:


Bills can be introduced by:

1. Finance Bills
1. The Government
2. Social Security Finance Bills
2. Members Bills
3. Other Bills

Bills starting in the National Assembly Bills starting in Senate

1. Finance Bills Other bills


2. Social Security Finance Bills
3. Other Bills

National Assembly The Senate

"Text De Loi" "Text De Loi"

A Commission of 7 Senators and


7 Deputies draw up a bill

Consideration of amendments
Both Houses must agree on the exact wording of the Bill.

Become an
Act of Parliament