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Title: 3D face recognition based on normal map features using selected Gabor filters

and linear discriminant analysis

Authors: Samir F. Hafez; Mazen M. Selim; Hala H. Zayed

Addresses: Faculty of Engineering, Benha University, Benha, Egypt ' Department of


Computer Science, Faculty of Computers and Informatics, Benha University, Benha,
Egypt ' Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Computers and Informatics, Benha
University, Benha, Egypt

Abstract: In this paper, we present a new approach to enhance and improve the
performance of automatic 3D face recognition system. The proposed method has been
implemented through a preprocessing technique to align and normalise all images in the
database based on eyes centres localisation using 2D normalised cross-correlation
(2DNCC). Preprocessing 3D face data has been implemented using depth map
representation of the 3D data. The detected eyes centres and eyes distance (ED) have
been used to segment and align 3D face images to produce a cropped face region of
interest (ROI). The proposed approach extracted 3D face features using a set of selected
orthogonal Gabor filters applied to normal map representation of the 3D face model. This
approach minimises the feature vector extracted compared to systems that use complete
Gabor filters bank. A further compression to the extracted features has been accomplished
using linear discriminant analysis (LDA) before the classification stage. Experimental
results show that the proposed system is effective for both dimensionality reduction and
good recognition performance when compared to current systems. The system has been
tested using CASIA and Gavab 3D face images databases and achieved 98.35% and 85%
recognition rates, respectively.

Keywords: 3D modelling; face recognition; preprocessing; normal maps; depth maps;


linear discriminant analysis; LDA; Gabor filters; eye centre localisation; eye distance; face
images; feature extraction; biometrics.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBM.2015.076138

International Journal of Biometrics, 2015 Vol.7 No.4, pp.373 - 390

Available online: 25 Apr 2016

https://www.inderscience.com/info/inarticle.php?artid=76138