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THE SCHENGEN AREA

Svalbard
(NORWAY)

EU Member States applying the whole Schengen acquis issue such alerts themselves. They are awaiting a Council
with voting rights in the Council: European territories of Greenland
(DENMARK)
Decision to set the date by when the whole Schengen
Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Estonia, Greece, acquis (opening of internal borders) is to be applied. They
Spain, France, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Jan Mayen
(NORWAY)
have voting rights in the Council for the whole Schengen
Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, acquis: Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania.
Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland and Sweden, BARENTS
SEA

plus the Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands, Madeira Cyprus, an EU Member State that applies the Schengen
and Azores.
Reykjavík
ICELAND acquis except for the part concerning the SIS, the ab-
sence of internal border controls and visas. It does not yet
NORWEGIAN SEA
Denmark, an EU Member State, applies the whole WHITE
have access to the SIS. It has voting rights in the Council
Schengen acquis as international law (with no voting SEA
for the whole Schengen acquis.
rights in the Council), except for the measures deter-
mining the third countries whose nationals must have The United Kingdom, an EU Member State, is authorised
Faroe Islands
a visa when crossing the external borders of Member (DENMARK)
SWEDEN FINLAND to apply the part of the Schengen acquis concerning po-

A
NI
States and the measures concerning the introduction of lice and judicial cooperation in criminal matters, with vo-

TH
BO
Shetland
a uniform format for visas, on which Denmark has voting ting rights in the Council on acts that develop that acquis.

OF
Islands

GULF
(UK)
N O RWAY
rights in the Council. It does not participate in the Schengen acquis as concerns
Oslo Helsinki the absence of internal border controls, visas and external
Tallinn
Associated States that are not EU Member States which Stockholm
ESTONIA
borders. It has access to the SIS except for alerts for pur-
apply the Schengen acquis through association agree- K R U S S I A poses of non-admission to Schengen territory.

A
A
R
ER

ments and take part in preparing acts that are subse- Not all the provisions of the Schengen acquis applicable

S E
AG
SK

NORTH Riga

quently adopted by the competent EU institutions: LATVIA Moscow


in Great Britain and Northern Ireland are applicable in

C
SEA

I
Iceland, Norway (except Svalbard), Switzerland and Gibraltar. None of the provisions of the Schengen acquis

T
Isle of Man DENMARK

L
I R E L A N D Dublin (UK) Copenhagen A
B LITHUANIA

Liechtenstein. RUSSIA
Vilnius are currently applicable to the Channel Islands and the
UNITED
CELTIC THE
Minsk

BELARUS
Isle of Man.
SEA KINGDOM NETHERLANDS
EU Member States that apply the whole Schengen acquis London
Amsterdam
Berlin
except for the part concerning the absence of internal Warsaw Ireland, an EU Member State, is authorised to apply the
P O L A N D
border controls and visas. These States are connected EN GLISH
CHANNEL Brussels

BELGIUM
G E R M A N Y
Kiev
part of the Schengen acquis concerning police and judi-
Channel Islands (UK)
to the Schengen Information System (SIS) but are not LUXEMBOURG
cial cooperation in criminal matters, with voting rights in
Luxembourg Prague
obliged to refuse entry to persons for whom non- Paris
CZECH REPUBLIC
U K R A I N E the Council on acts that develop that acquis. However,
admission alerts have been issued and cannot S LOVA K I A Ireland has not asked to implement the Schengen acquis.
Vienna Bratislava
Azores
(PORTUGAL) F R A N C E Bern
MOLDOVA
AUSTRIA
Movements to and from Ceuta and Melilla, the Faroe
Vaduz LIECHTENSTEIN
Budapest
Chişinău
BAY OF SWITZERLAND
BISCAY HUNGARY

N SLOVENIA
RO MA N I A
Islands and Greenland are subject to specific rules, pro-
A Ljubljana

C
E Zagreb
C R O AT I A vided for inter alia in the Accession Agreements of Spain
O
C BOSNIA AND
Belgrade
Bucharest
and Denmark to the Schengen Convention.

SEA
I MONACO SAN MARINO
HERZEGOVINA
SERBIA
T ANDORRA GULF OF

CK
Sarajevo
LION
N

BLA
A
A PORTUGAL
Madrid I TA LY
D
R
IA MONTENEGRO * B U LG A R I A The borders with Andorra, Monaco, San
L
KOSOVO
Sofia

Marino and Vatican City are the subject of spe-


T Prishtina
IC
T Lisbon
S P A I N
Podgorica
Rome
VATICAN CITY SE Skopje

A A FORMER YUGOSLAV

cific control arrangements under national or in-


Tirana REPUBLIC OF
MACEDONIA
Ankara
ALBANIA
ternational law – for example, bilateral coopera-
Madeira TYRRHENIAN
(PORTUGAL) SEA
T U R K E Y tion agreements with the neighbouring States.
Gibraltar (UK) M E D I T GREECE
Ceuta (SPAIN) E
Algiers
R AEGEAN
Melilla R Athens SEA
(SPAIN) A
Rabat Tunis IONIAN
N SEA S Y R I A Baghdad
E CYPRUS Nicosia
A
N
MA LTA Valletta S E A LEBANON I R A Q
Beirut
Damascus
MOROCCO ALGERIA
TUNISIA * This designation is without prejudice to positions on K U WA I T

status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244/1999 and the Amman


Kuwait City

Canary Islands ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence. Jerusalem


(SPAIN) Tripoli JORDAN
L I B Y A ISRAEL
THE SCHENGEN AREA

The name of Schengen, a little village in Luxembourg, close to


the border with Germany and France, has become synonymous
with the free movement of persons in Europe.

The abolition of internal border controls has gone hand in


hand with common rules for controlling external borders and
reinforced judicial and police cooperation for combating crime.

Each state in the Schengen area is regularly assessed by the EU


to check it is applying the agreed rules correctly.

The Schengen area without internal border controls currently


covers 26 countries (22 European Union Member States and four
associated States), which apply the entire Schengen acquis.

The external border of the Schengen area is over 50 000 km


long (80 % sea and 20 % land) and includes hundreds of airports
and maritime ports, as well as land border crossing points.
Rue de la Loi/Wetstraat 175
1048 Bruxelles/Brussel
BELGIQUE/BELGIË
Tel. +32 (0)2 281 61 11
www.consilium.europa.eu

This publication is produced by the General Secretariat


of the Council and is intended for information
purposes only. It does not involve the responsibility
of the EU institutions nor the Member States.

© European Union, 2018


Map reproduced with the kind permission of
Lovell Johns, Oxford, UK, www.lovelljohns.com.

Print PDF
ISBN 978-92-824-6204-1 978-92-824-6178-5
doi:10.2860/558315 10.2860/2503
QC-05-17-045-EN-C QC-05-17-045-EN-N