Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering

M.E. Regulations – 2007


M.E. – Applied Electronics

Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
M.E. Regulations – 2007 M.E. – APPLIED ELECTRONICS
SEMESTER –I Hours/Week Code No. 07AE101 07AE102 07AE103 07AE104 07AE105 07ANEXX 07AE106 Course Applied Mathematics Advanced Digital Signal Processing Advanced Digital System Design VLSI Design Techniques Advanced Microprocessors Elective I Practical Electronics Design Lab I L 3 3 3 3 T 1 1 0 0 P 0 0 0 0 C Maximum Marks Sessional Exam Total Marks Marks 50 50 100 50 50 50 50 50 50 100 100 100

3 0

0 0

0 3

50 50

50 50

100 100

SEMESTER – II Hours/Week Code No. Course L T P C Maximum Marks Sessional Exam Total Marks Marks

Theory Analysis and Design of 07AE201 Analog Integrated 3 1 0 50 50 Circuits 07AE202 CAD of VLSI circuits 3 1 0 50 50 Digital Control 07AE203 3 0 0 50 50 Engineering 07AE204 Embedded Systems* 3 0 0 50 50 07ANEXX Elective II 3 0 0 50 50 07ANEXX Elective III 3 0 0 50 50 Practical 07AE205 Electronics Design Lab II 0 0 3 50 50 *Common to M.E. Power Electronics and Drives & M.E. Applied Electronics

100 100 100 100 100 100 100

SEMESTER – III Hours/Week Code No. Course L T P C Maximum Marks Sessional Exam Total Marks Marks 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 150 100 100 100 200

07AE3XX 07AE3XX 07AE3XX 07AE301

Theory Elective IV 4 0 0 Elective V 3 0 0 Elective VI 3 0 0 Practical Project Work – Phase I* 0 0 3 *Includes one month Internship

SEMESTER – IV Hours/Week Code No. Course Practical Project Work – Phase II L 0 T 0 P 6 C Maximum Marks Sessional Exam Total Marks Marks 100 300 400


LIST OF ELECTIVES Group I (For Semester I) S.No. 1 2 3 Sub Code Course title 07ANE01 Internet Technologies and applications 07ANE02 Wavelet Transforms and applications 07ANE03 High Performance Communication Networks

Group II (For Semester II) S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sub Code 07ANE04 07ANE05 07ANE06 07ANE07 07ANE08 07ANE09 Course title Computational Intelligent Techniques Power Quality Engineering ASIC Design DSP Integrated Circuits Digital Image Processing Project Management

Group III (For Semester III) S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Sub Code 07ANE10 07ANE11 07ANE12 07ANE13 07ANE14 07ANE15 07ANE16 07ANE17 07ANE18 Course title Industrial Robotics VLSI Signal Processing Wireless Embedded Systems Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing Industrial Electronics Low Power VLSI Design RF System Design Design and Analysis of Algorithms Electromagnetic Interference and Compatibility in System Design


UNIT – I FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF ROBOTICS 4 History, Present status and future trends in Robotics and automation - Laws of Robotics Robot definitions - Robotics systems and robot anatomy - Specification of Robots resolution, repeatability and accuracy of a manipulator. Robotics applications. UNIT - II ROBOT DRIVES AND POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS 9 Robot drive mechanisms, hydraulic – electric – servomotor- stepper motor - pneumatic drives, Mechanical transmission method - Gear transmission, Belt drives, cables, Roller chains, Link - Rod systems - Rotary-to-Rotary motion conversion, Rotary-to-Linear motion conversion, Rack and Pinion drives, Lead screws, Ball Bearing screws, End effectors – Types. UNIT - III SENSORS 10 Sensor characteristics, Position sensors – Potentiometers – Encoders – Resolvers – LVDT, Velocity sensors – Tachogenerators - Encoders - Proximity sensors, Limit switches – Tactile sensors - Touch sensors - Force and torque sensors UNIT - IV VISION SYSTEMS FOR ROBOTICS 10 Robot vision systems, Image capture- cameras – vidicon and solid state, Image representation - Gray scale and colour images, image sampling and quantization - Image processing and analysis - Image data reduction - Segmentation - Feature extraction Object Recognition- Image capturing and communication - JPEG, MPEGs and H.26x standards, packet video, error concealment.- Image texture analysis. Motion generation Manipulator dynamics - Jacobian in terms of D-H matrices - Controller architecture. UNIT - V PLC AND AUTOMATION 12 Building blocks of automation, Controllers – PLC- Role of PLC in FA - Architecture of PLC - Advantages - Types of PLC - Types of Programming - Simple process control programs using Relay Ladder Logic and Boolean logic methods - PLC arithmetic functions Flexible Manufacturing Systems concept - Automatic feeding lines, ASRS, transfer lines, automatic inspection - Computer Integrated Manufacture - CNC, intelligent automation. Industrial networking, bus standards, HMI Systems, DCS and SCADA, Wireless controls.. Lecture : 45, TOTAL : 45 REFERENCE BOOKS 1 Richard D Klafter, Thomas A Chmielewski, Michael Negin, "Robotics Engineering – An Integrated Approach", Eastern Economy Edition, Prentice Hall of India P Ltd., 1989.

2 3 4 5

Fu K.S., Gomalez R.C., Lee C.S.G., "Robotics : Control, Sensing, Vision and Intelligence", McGraw Hill Book Company, 1987. Mikell P Groover et. al., "Industrial Robots - Technology, Programming and Applications", McGraw Hill, New York, 1986. Saeed B Niku,”Introduction to Robotics Analysis,Systems,Applications”’PHI Pvt Ltd New Delhi,2003. Deh S R., "Robotics Technology and Flexible Automation", Tata McGraw Hill Publishing, Company Ltd., 1994.





Introduction To DSP Systems -Typical DSP algorithms; Iteration Bound – data flow graph representations, loop bound and iteration bound, Longest path Matrix algorithm; Pipelining and parallel processing – Pipelining of FIR digital filters, parallel processing, pipelining and parallel processing for low power; UNIT - II RETIMING, FOLDING AND UNFOLDING 9

Retiming - definitions and properties Retiming techniques; Unfolding – an algorithm for Unfolding, properties of unfolding, sample period reduction and parallel processing application; Folding – Folding transformation – Register minimizing techniques – Register minimization in folded architectures UNIT – III FAST CONVOLUTION 9 Fast convolution – Cook-Toom algorithm, modified Cook-Took algorithm – Winograd Algorithm, Iterated Convolution – Cyclic Convolution; Pipelined and parallel recursive and adaptive filters – inefficient/efficient single channel interleaving, Look- Ahead pipelining in first- order IIR filters, Look-Ahead pipelining with power-of-two decompositionparallel processing of IIR filters, combined pipelining and parallel processing of IIR filters, pipelined adaptive digital filters, relaxed look-ahead, pipelined LMS adaptive filter. UNIT - IV BIT-LEVEL ARITHMETIC ARCHITECTURES 9 Bit-Level Arithmetic Architectures- parallel multipliers with sign extension, parallel carry-ripple array multipliers, parallel carry-save multiplier, 4x 4 bit Baugh- Wooley carry-save multiplication tabular form and implementation, design of Lyon’s bit-serial multipliers using Horner’s rule, bit-serial FIR filter, CSD representation, CSD multiplication using Horner’s rule for precision improvement UNIT – V PROGRAMMING DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSORS 9 Synchronous, Wave and asynchronous pipelining- synchronous pipelining and clocking styles, clock skew in edge-triggered single-phase clocking, two-phase clocking, wave pipelining, asynchronous pipelining bundled data versus dual rail protocol; Programming

Digital Signal Processors – general architecture with important features; Low power Design – needs for low power VLSI chips, charging and discharging capacitance, shortcircuit current of an inverter, CMOS leakage current, basic principles of low power design LECTURE :45 TUTORIAL :15 TOTAL : 60 REFERENCES: 1 2 3 Keshab K.Parhi, “VLSI Digital Signal Processing systems, Design and implementation”, Wiley, Inter Science, 1999 Gary Yeap, “Practical Low Power Digital VLSI Design”, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998 Mohammed Isamail and Terri Fiez, “Analog VLSI Signal and Information Processing”, Mc Graw-Hill, 1994. WIRELESS EMBEDDED SYSTEMS 3 UNIT I 0 0 3 9



Introduction - Definition of embedded system -Constraints on embedded systems vs. standalone systems- Concept of real-time design -Time scales for real-time system – Applications Software environments: HLL vs. assembly coding, DSP vs. general purpose computer vs. RISC UNIT II WIRELESS PAN 9

Blue tooth:Over all architecture, Protocol Stack, Physical Connection, MAC Mechanism, Connection Management, Security-Zigbee:Protocol Architecture, Physical layer, MAC Layer,Zigbee Layer,Applications-Home RF UNIT III CDMA,GSM AND GPRS 9 IS-95:Forward CDMA Channel,Reverse CDMA Channel-GSM:Services,System Architecture, Radio Sub system,Channel Types,Frame structure,Signal ProcessingGPRS-Reference Architecture, Protocol Layers,Short Messaging Services. UNIT IV SMART SENSORS AND RECENT TRENDS IN SENSOR TECHNOLOGIES 9

Primary sensors, filters, converter – compensation – Non-linearity- Noise and interference – Drift – Information coding – Data coding – Data Communication – Standards for smart sensor interface – Film sensors – Semiconductor IC technology – MEMS – Nano sensors

UNIT V APPLICATION 9 Product,Bands and Standards-Wireless Geo location: System Architecture, Technologies, Standard for E-911 Service- Wireless Home Networking-Need, Technologies- Home Access Networks-Embedded Wireless Control using GSM-RF ID LECTURE :45, TOTAL : 45

REFERENCES: 1 2 3 4 “Embedded Realtime System Programming”, S. V. Iyer and P. Gupta, TMH Principles of Wireless Networks,Kaveh Pahalavan and Prasanth Krishnamoorthy,PHI,2005 Wireless Communications –Principles and Practice ,Theodore S Rappaport,PHI,2007 Patranabis, D., “Sensors and Transducers”, Wheeler Publishing, 1997 COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND PARALLEL PROCESSING


3 0 0 3 UNIT – I PRINCIPLES OF PARALLEL PROCESSING 9 Introduction-Trends towards Parallel Processing- Uniprocessor Architecture Overview Basic Uniprocessor Architecture, Parallel Processing Mechanism, Balancing of subsystems, Bandwidth, Multiprogramming and Time sharing - Styles of Architecture -Multiplicity of Instruction – Data Structures, Serial versus Parallel ProcessingParallelism versus Pipelining- Parallel Processing Applications UNIT - II VECTOR PROCESSORS 9 Principles of Vector Processing, Pipelined Vector Processing methods, The Architecture of CRAY-1,the Architecture of CYBER-205, Vector Processing in CYBER-205 UNIT - III ARRAY PROCESSORS 9 SIMD Computer Organizations, Masking and Data Routing mechanisms, Statics versus Dynamic Networks, Mesh-connected, Iliac Networks, Cube Interconnection Networks, SIMD Matrix Multiplication UNIT - IV MULTIPROCESSOR SYSTEMS 9 Loosely Coupled Multiprocessors, Tightly Coupled Multiprocessors, Processor characteristics for Multiprocessing, Time Shared or Common Buses, Crossbar switch and Multi-port memories, Classification of Multiprocessor Operating Systems, Software Requirements for Multiprocessors, Operating System Requirements, Language features to exploit parallelism, Detection of Parallelism in programs. UNIT - V DATA FLOW COMPUTER ARCHITECTURES 9 Control-Flow versus Data Flow Computers, Data Flow Graphs and Languages, Advantages and Potential Problems, Static Data Flow Computers, Dynamic Data Flow Computers, Data Flow Design Alternates Lecture : 45, TOTAL : 45 REFERENCE BOOKS 1 Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing, Kai Hwang, Faye A Briggs , McGraw Hill Inc., 1985. 2 Pipelined and Parallel Computer Architecture, Sajjan G Shiva, Prentice Hall Inc, 1996, First Edition



UNIT – I 8 Thyristors - basic structure - static and dynamic characteristics - methods of turning on gate triggering circuit using UJT - methods of turning off - commutation circuits. UNIT - II 9 Line frequency phase controlled rectifiers using SCR - single-phase rectifier with R and RL loads - half controlled and fully controlled converters with continuous and constant currents. Input side harmonics and power factor UNIT - III 9 SCR inverters - circuits for single-phase inverters - series, parallel and bridge inverters pulse width-modulated inverters - basic circuit operation UNIT - IV 10 AC regulators - single phase ac regulator with R and RL loads - sequence control of ac regulators - cycloconverter - basic principle of operation - single phase to single phase cycloconverter - choppers - principle of operation - step-up and step-down choppers. UNIT - V 9 Linear regulators - Switching regulators. Concept of switched mode power supply. Uninterruptible power supply. Different configurations. applications. Speed control of ac and dc drives -Induction heating. Dielectric heating. Principles, characteristics and applications. Lecture : 45, TOTAL : 45 REFERENCE BOOKS 1 Ned Mohan et.al, Power Electronics., John Wiley and Sons 2 Rashid, Power Electronics, Prentice Hall India 3 G.K.Dubey et.al, Thyristorised Power Controllers, Wiley Eastern, 2001. 4 Cage John M, Theory and Applications of Industrial Electronics, Mc Graw Hill, 1951. 5 Paul M Zbar, Industrial Electronics, Tata Mc Graw Hill, 3rd edition, 1988.





Hierarchy of limits of power – Sources of power consumption – Physics of power dissipation in CMOS FET devices- Basic principle of low power design UNIT - II POWER OPTIMIZATION 9

Logical level power optimization – Circuit level low power design – Circuit techniques for reducing power consumption in adders and multipliers UNIT - III DESIGN OF LOW POWER CMOS CIRCUITS 9

Computer Arithmetic techniques for low power systems – Reducing power consumption in memories – Low power clock, Interconnect and layout design – Advanced techniques – Special techniques UNIT - IV POWER ESTIMATION 9

Power estimation techniques – Logic level power estimation – Simulation power analysis – Probabilistic power analysis UNIT - V SYNTHESIS AND SOFTWARE DESIGN FOR LOW POWER 9

Synthesis for low power –Behavioral level transforms- Software design for low power LECTURE : 45, TOTAL : 45 REFERENCES: 1 K.Roy and S.C. Prasad , LOW POWER CMOS VLSI circuit design, Wiley,2000 2 Dimitrios Soudris, Chirstian Pignet, Costas Goutis, Designing CMOS Circuits For Low Power, Kluwer,2002 3 Gary Yeap, Practical low power digital VLSI design, Kluwer,1998 FURTHER READINGS: 1. A.P.Chandrakasan, R.W Broadersen, Low Power Digital CMOS VLSI Design, Kluwer 1995.




INTRODUCTION, RANDOM SIGNALS AND NOISES, 9 INTRODUCTION TO LOW NOISE AMPLIFIERS Introduction to RF IC design, Gain, decibels, impedance levels, non linearities and harmonic distortions, intermodulation, dynamic range, introduction to random process and noises, review of thermal noise, noise models and circuit noise calculations, low noise RF amplifiers structures, relationship between power consumption, gain, linearity and noise figures. UNIT - II NON LINEAR RF CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS, RF MIXERS 9 Non linear elements, their characteristics and approximation methods, harmonics analysis of current in non linear elements, non linear resonant amplifiers and frequency multipliers, Up and down conversion mixers, single and double balanced mixers UNIT - III RF OSCILLATORS, MULTIPLES ACCESS TECHNIQUES 9 Oscillators, types of oscillators, feedback oscillator topologies, resonant oscillators, crystal oscillators, small signal analysis of an oscillators, short introduction to voltage controlled oscillators, frequency division multiple access(FDMA), time division multiple access(TDMA), Code division multiple access(CDMA). UNIT - IV MODULATORS AND DEMODULATORS TECHNIQUES, RF 9 TRANSCEIVERS ARCHITECTURES Modulators and demodulators, their structures and electrical schemes, transceivers and architectures, Transceivers functions and their characteristics, direct conversions and super heterodyne receivers.

UNIT - V PHASE LOCKED LOOPS (PLL) 9 Phase locked loops and frequency synthesis, Basic building block of the PLL, PLL synthesizers for radio applications. Lecture : 45, Tutorial : 15, TOTAL : 60 REFERENCE BOOKS 1 D. M. Pozar, Microwave engineering, 2nd edition, N.Y., John Wiley and Sons, 1998 2 B.P.Lathi, Modern digital and analog communication systems, 3rd edition, N.Y., Oxford University press, 1998 3 B.Sklar, Digital communications-fundamentals and applications, 2nd edition, Prentice Hall PTR, New Jersey, 2001.



UNIT – I INTRODUCTION 9 Polynomial and Exponential algorithms, big "oh" and small "oh" notation, exact algorithms and heuristics, direct / indirect / deterministic algorithms, static and dynamic complexity, stepwise refinement. UNIT - II DESIGN TECHNIQUES 9 Subgoals method, working backwards, work tracking, branch and bound algorithms for traveling salesman problem and knapsack problem, hill climbing techniques, divide and conquer method, dynamic programming, greedy methods. UNIT - III SEARCHING AND SORTING 9 Sequential search, binary search, block search, Fibonacci search, bubble sort, bucket sorting, quick sort, heap sort, average case and worst case behavior, FFT. UNIT - IV GRAPH ALGORITHMS 9 Minimum spanning, tree, shortest path algorithms, R-connected graphs, Even's and Kleitman's algorithms, ax-flow min cut theorem, Steiglitz's link deficit algorithm. UNIT - V SELECTED TOPICS 9 NP Completeness Approximation Algorithms, NP Hard Problems, Strasseu's Matrix Multiplication Algorithms, Magic Squares, Introduction To Parallel Algorithms and Genetic Algorithms, Monti-Carlo Methods, Amortised Analysis. Lecture : 45, Tutorial : 15, TOTAL : 60 REFERENCE BOOKS 1 Sara Baase, "Computer Algorithms : Introduction to Design and Analysis", Addison Wesley, 1988. 2 T.H.Corman, C.E.Leiserson and R.L.Rioest, "Introduction to Algorithms", Mc Graw Hill, 1994. 3 E.Horowitz and S.Sahni, "Fundamentals of Computer Algorithms", Galgotia Publications, 1988. 4 D.E.Goldberg, "Genetic Algorithms : Search Optimization and Machine Learning", Addison Wesley, 1989.



UNIT – I EMI ENVIRONMENT 9 EMI/EMC concepts and definitions, Sources of EMI, conducted and radiated EMI, Transient EMI, Time domain Vs Frequency domain EMI, Units of measurement parameters, Emission and immunity concepts, ESD. UNIT - II EMI COUPLING PRINCIPLES 9 Conducted, Radiated and Transient Coupling, Common Impedance Ground Coupling, Radiated Common Mode and Ground Loop Coupling, Radiated Differential Mode Coupling, Near Field Cable to Cable Coupling, Power Mains and Power Supply coupling. UNIT - III EMI/EMC STANDARDS AND MEASUREMENTS 9 Civilian standards - FCC,CISPR,IEC,EN,Military standards - MIL STD 461D/462, EMI Test Instruments /Systems, EMI Shielded Chamber, Open Area Test Site, TEM Cell, Sensors/Injectors/Couplers, Test beds for ESD and EFT, Military Test Method and Procedures (462). UNIT - IV EMI CONTROL TECHNIQUES 9 Shielding, Filtering, Grounding, Bonding, Isolation Transformer, Transient Suppressors, Cable Routing, Signal Control, Component Selection and Mounting. UNIT - V EMC DESIGN OF PCBs 9 PCB Traces Cross Talk, Impedance Control, Power Distribution Decoupling, Zoning, Motherboard Designs and Propagation Delay Performance Models. Lecture : 45, Tutorial : 15, TOTAL : 60 REFERENCE BOOKS 1 Henry W.Ott, "Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems", John Wiley and Sons, NewYork. 1988. 2 C.R.Paul, “Introduction to Electromagnetic Compatibility” , John Wiley and Sons, Inc, 1992 3 V.P.Kodali, "Engineering EMC Principles, Measurements and Technologies", IEEE Press, 1996. 4 Bernhard Keiser, "Principles of Electromagnetic Compatibility", Artech house, 3rd Ed, 1986.

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