RMO -Paper & Solution- 2017

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RMO -Paper & Solution- 2017

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You are on page 1of 4

Tel.:(0744) 2423406, 2428666, 2428664, 2425407 Fax: 2423405

Email: admin@vibrantacademy.com | Website : www.vibrantacademy.com

Time : 3 hours October : 08, 2017

Instructions :

Calculators (in any form) and protractors are not allowed.

Rulers and compasses are allowed.

Answer all the question.

All questions carry equal marks. Maximum marks : 102.

Answer to each question should start on a new page. Clearly indicate the question number.

1. Let AOB be a given angle less than 180° and let P be an interior point of the angular region

determined by AOB. Show, with proof, how to construct, using only ruler and compasses, a line

segment CD passing through P such that C lies on the ray OA and D lies on the ray OB, and CP :

PD = 1 : 2.

A

C L1

L2

P

Ans. O D

B

Draw a line L2 passing through P and parallel to OB

Draw another line L1 parallel to L2 (on another side) such that the ratio of distances between the

lines L1L2 and L2, OB is 1 : 2.

The point of intersection of L1 and OA is C

The point of intersection of CP with OB is D

a3 + (a + 1)3 + (a + 2)3 + (a + 3)3 + (a + 4)3 + (a + 5)3 + (a + 6)3 = b4 + (b + 1)4

has no solutions in integers a, b.

Ans. a3 + (a + 1)3 + (a + 2)3 + (a + 3)3 + (a + 4)3 + (a + 5)3 + (a + 6)3 = b4 + (b + 1)4

a! 6 a–1

! n3 – ! n3 = = b4 + (b + 1)4

n! 1 n! 1

2 2

! (a ! 6)(a ! 7) ! ! (a – 1)(a) ! 4 4

!!

2

!! – !

2 ! = b + (b + 1)

! !

7(a + 3) (a2 + 6a + 21) = b4 + (b + 1)4

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If

b b+1 b2 (b + 1)2 b4 (b + 1)4

Of 7k + 1 7k + 2 7k2 + 2 7k9 + 4 7k16 + 1 7k23 + 2

the 7k + 2 7k + 3 7k3 + 4 7k10 + 2 7k17 + 2 7k24 + 4

form 7k + 3 7k + 4 7k4 + 2 7k11 + 2 7k18 + 4 7k25 + 4

7k + 4 7k + 5 7k5 + 2 7k12 + 4 7k19 + 4 7k26 + 2

7k + 5 7k + 6 7k6 + 4 7k13 + 1 7k20 + 2 7k27 + 1

7k + 6 7(k + 1) 7k7 + 1 7k14 7k21 + 1 7k28

So the sum of b4 and (b + 1)4 can not be multiple of 7 therefore no solutions in a, b

3. Let P(x) = x2 + 1 x + b and Q(x) = x2 + cx +d be two polynomials with real coefficients such that

2

P(x) Q (x) = Q(P(x)) for all real x. Find all the real roots of P(Q(x)) = 0.

1

Ans. P(x) = x2 + x +b and Q(x) = x2 + cx + d

2

1

Now P(x).Q(x) = (x2 + x + b)(x2 + cx + d)

2

1 c d

P(x).Q(x) = x4 + x3 (c + ) + x2 (d + + b) + x( +bc) + bd …..(1)

2 2 2

x x

Now Q(P(x)) = (x2 + + b)2 + c(x2 + + b) +d

2 2

1 c

Q(P(x)) = x4 + x3 + x2 ( + 2b + c) +x( +b) + b2 + cb + d …..(2)

4 2

Given that P(x).Q(x) = Q(P(x))

After comparing the coefficient of x4 , x3 ,x2, x and constant terms we get

1 1

c+ =1 c= …… (3)

2 2

c 1 1

d+ + b = +2b + c d=b+ ….…(4)

2 4 2

bd = b2 + cb + d .……(5)

1 1

From (4) + (5) b = – , d = 0, c =

2 2

Now P(Q(x)) = 0

x

Q(x) = x2 +

2

x 1

P(x) = x2 + –

2 2

1

If P(Q(x)) = 0 then Q(x) = –1,

2

Now,

x x 1

Case I : x2 + = –1 Case II : x2 + !

2 2 2

2x2 + x + 1 = 0 2x2 + x – 1 = 0

1

No real roots Then x = –1,

2

Vibrant Academy (I) Pvt. Ltd. "A-14(A)" Road No.1, IPIA, Kota (Raj.) Ph. 0744-2423406 (www.vibrantacademy.com) 2

4. Consider n2 unit squares in the xy – plane centred at point (i, j) with integer coordinates, 1 < i < n,

1 < j < n. it is required to colour each unit square in such a way that when ever 1 < i < j < n and 1

< k < < n, the three squares with centres at (i, k), (j, k), (j, ) have distinct colour. What is the

least possible number of colours needed ?

Ans.

Coordinates : 1 < i < n 1<i<j<n

1<j<n 1<k<<n

As 2 x – coordinates and 2 y- coordinates are same it will form a right triangle such that k < , i < j

If we colour the diagonals with different colors as marked in the diagram, so in every case all the

three vertices of the right will lie in different diagonal and hence of different colour. So minimum

colour required is equals to number of diagonals that is (2n –1)

n different colours

a b c d e f

g

h

n –1 different colours i

j

As shown in the diagram a to k all should be different colors, because if two are same then

triangle with those two squares as vertices will have colour so all should be different so for n × n

grid a row should have n different colour and a coloum have rest

( n – 1) different colours So 2n –1 different colour are needed.

Vibrant Academy (I) Pvt. Ltd. "A-14(A)" Road No.1, IPIA, Kota (Raj.) Ph. 0744-2423406 (www.vibrantacademy.com) 3

5. Let be a circle with a chord AB which is not a diameter. Let 1 be a circle on one side of AB

such that it is tangent to AB at C and internally tangent to at D. Likewise, let 2 be a circle on

the other side of AB such that it is tangent to AB at E and internally tangent to at F. Suppose

the line DC intersects at X D and the line FE intersects at Y F. Prove that XY is a

diameter of .

Ans. We have to prove that ! XDY ! 90!

Let CDM= and NEF= and ODY=

In quadrilateral OGEN

GON= 180° + 2 – 2.

DF chord subtends 180° + 2 + 2 at centre O

DF chord subtends 90 + – at corresponding arc

DYF = 180 – (90 + – ) = 90 + –

In quadrilateral DOFY

= 360 – (180 + 2–2+ + 90 + – ) = 90 –

D

M

E

A B

C G

180 + 2! –2! F

N

O

X Hence proved.

x! 1 y! 1 z! 1 x –1 y –1 z –1

! ! ! ! !

y! 1 z! 1 x! 1 y –1 z –1 x –1

Vibrant Academy (I) Pvt. Ltd. "A-14(A)" Road No.1, IPIA, Kota (Raj.) Ph. 0744-2423406 (www.vibrantacademy.com) 4

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