8

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHART SYMBOLS
AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION AIRPORTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AIRSPACE INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHART LIMITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10 11 12 16 18

TOPOGRAPHIC INFORMATION
CULTURE

RAILROADS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ROADS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . POPULATED PLACES OUTLINED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BOUNDARIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MISCELLANEOUS CULTURAL FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HYDROGRAPHY

19 19 20 20 21 22 22 22 23 23 26 27 27 27 27 27

SHORELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LAKES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RESERVOIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . STREAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MISCELLANEOUS HYDROGRAPHIC FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RELIEF

CONTOURS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ELEVATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . UNRELIABLE RELIEF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SHADED RELIEF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AREA RELIEF FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MISCELLANEOUS RELIEF FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

9

HELICOPTER ROUTE CHARTS AIRPORTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AIRSPACE INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CULTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HYDROGRAPHY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RELIEF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VFR FLYWAY PLANNING CHARTS AIRPORTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AIRSPACE INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CULTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HYDROGRAPHY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RELIEF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28 28 29 31 32 32 32

33 33 33 35 36 36 36

GENERAL INFORMATION Symbols shown are for World Aeronautical Charts (WAC), Sectional aeronautical charts and Terminal Area Charts (TAC). When a symbol is different on any VFR chart series, it will be annotated thus: WAC or Not shown on WAC.

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRPORTS
LANDPLANE: CIVIL
Airports having control towers (CT) are shown in blue, all others are shown in magenta. All recognizable runways, including some which may be closed, are shown for visual identification purposes. Refueling and repair facilities for normal traffic. Runway patterns will be depicted at airports with at least one hard surface runway 1500´ or greater in length.

10

AIRPORTS
LANDPLANE: EMERGENCY
No facilities or Complete information is not available. Add appropriate notes as required: "closed, approximate position, existence unconfirmed.

SEAPLANE: EMERGENCY
No facilities or complete information is not available

HELIPORT
(Selected)

SEAPLANE: CIVIL AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION

ULTRALIGHT FLIGHT PARK
(Selected)

AIRPORT DATA GROUPING

LANDPLANE: CIVIL-MILITARY

LANDPLANE: MILITARY
Refueling and repair facilities not indicated.

11

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION
ILS COMPONENTS
Shown when component of airway system or used in the description of Class B airspace.

VHF OMNI-DIRECTIONAL RADIO (VOR) RANGE

BROADCAST STATIONS (BS) VOR
On request by the proper authority or when a VFR Checkpoint.

FLIGHT SERVICE STATION (FSS)

VOR-DME

NON-DIRECTIONAL RADIOBEACON (NDB)

NDB-DME

{
REMOTE COMMUNICATIONS OUTLET (RCO)

VORTAC

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION
AIR FORCE STATION (AFS)

12

AIRSPACE INFORMATION
CLASS C AIRSPACE
Appropriate notes as required may be shown. (Mode C see FAR 91.215 /AIM)

LONG RANGE RADAR STATION (LRRS)

OFF AIRPORT AWOS/ASOS

AIRSPACE INFORMATION
CLASS B AIRSPACE CLASS D AIRSPACE
Appropriate notes as required may be shown.
LAS 002

Only the airspace effective below 18,000 feet MSL are shown. (Mode C see FAR 91.215 /AIM) All mileages are nautical (NM). All radials are magnetic.

13

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRSPACE INFORMATION AIRSPACE INFORMATION
CANADIAN AIRSPACE
Individual units of designated Canadian airspace are not necessarily shown; instead, the aggregate lateral and vertical limits shall be portrayed as closely as possible to the comparable U.S. airspace.

CLASS E AIRSPACE
The limits of Class E airspace shall be shown by narrow vignettes or by the dashed magenta symbol. Individual units of designated airspace are not necessarily shown; instead, the aggregate lateral and vertical limits shall be defined by the following: Airspace beginning at the surface (sfc) designated around airports ...

Appropriate notes as required may be shown.

Airspace beginning at 700 feet AGL ...

Airspace beginning at 1200 feet AGL or greater that abuts uncontrolled airspace (Class G) ...

Differentiates floors of airspace greater than 700 feet above the surface... When the ceiling is less than 18,000 feet MSL, the value, prefixed by the word "ceiling,” shall be shown along the limits.

OFFSHORE CONTROL AREAS

AIRSPACE OUTSIDE OF U.S.
Other than Canada Appropriate notes as required may be shown.

FLIGHT INFORMATION REGIONS (FIR) and /or (CTA)

OCEANIC CONTROL AREAS (OCA)

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRSPACE INFORMATION
AIR DEFENSE IDENTIFICATION ZONE (ADIZ)
Note. Delimiting line not shown when it coincides with International Boundary, projection lines or other linear features.

14

AIRSPACE INFORMATION
SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE
Only the airspace effective below 18,000 feet MSL are shown. The type of area shall be spelled out in large areas if space permits.

LOW ALTITUDE AIRWAYS VOR and LF / MF (CLASS E AIRSPACE)
Low altitude Federal Airways are indicated by centerline. Only the controlled airspace effective below 18,000 feet MSL is shown.

MISCELLANEOUS AIR ROUTES MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES (MTR)

SPECIAL MILITARY ACTIVITY ROUTES (SMAR)

Boxed notes (as in text) shown adjacent to route.

15

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRSPACE INFORMATION AIRSPACE INFORMATION
SPECIAL AIRSPACE AREAS SPECIAL FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS (SFAR) AREAS

SPECIAL AIR TRAFFIC RULES / AIRPORT PATTERNS (FAR 93)

Appropriate boxed note as required shown adjacent to area. Appropriate notes as required may be shown.

SPACE OPERATIONS AREA (FAR 91.143)

SFAR AREA RELATING TO NATIONAL SECURITY Example: Washington DC

MODE C (FAR 91.215)
Appropriate notes as required may be shown.

MISCELLANEOUS AIRSPACE AREAS
Parachute Jumping Area with Frequency Glider Operating Area Ultralight Activity Hang Glider Activity Appropriate notes as required may be shown.
WASHINGTON DC METROPOLITAN AREA SPECIAL FLIGHT RULES AREA IN EFFECT (See SFAR 94 description in chart border).

TEMPORARY FLIGHT RESTRICTION (TFR) RELATING TO NATIONAL SECURITY Example: P-40/R-4009

SPECIAL CONSERVATION AREAS

National Park, Wildlife Refuge, Primitive and Wilderness Areas, etc.

Appropriate notes as required may be shown.

CAUTION
P-40 AND R-4009 EXPANDED BY TEMPORARY FLIGHT RESTRICTION. CONTACT AFSS FOR LATEST STATUS AND NOTAMS

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRSPACE INFORMATION
NATIONAL SECURITY AREA IFR ROUTES
Appropriate notes as required may be shown.

16

AIRSPACE INFORMATION

Arrival

Appropriate notes as required may be shown.

Departure

TRANSITION ROUTES HIGH ENERGY RADIATION AREAS
Appropriate notes as required may be shown. Appropriate notes as required may be shown.
VFR TRANSITION ROUTE ATC CLEARANCE REQUIRED SEE SHOWBOAT GRAPHIC ON SIDE PANEL

Uni-directional Bi-directional

NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION
ISOGONIC LINE & VALUE
Isogonic lines and values shall be based on the five year epoch magnetic variation model.

TERMINAL RADAR SERVICE AREA (TRSA)
Appropriate notes as required may be shown.

LOCAL MAGNETIC NOTES Unreliability Notes

COMPASS ROSETTE
Shown only in areas void of VOR roses. Compass rosette will be based on the five year epoch magnetic variation model.

17

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION
MARINE LIGHTS With Characteristics of Light

NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION
INTERSECTIONS
Named intersections used as reporting points. Arrows are directed toward facilities which establish intersection.

AERONAUTICAL LIGHTS

AERONAUTICAL LIGHTS

VISUAL GROUND SIGNS
Shore and Landmarkers

VFR CHECKPOINTS

Site #

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION
VFR WAYPOINTS Stand-Alone Collocated with VFR Checkpoint OUTLINE ON SECTIONAL OF TERMINAL AREA CHART

18

CHART LIMITS

OBSTRUCTION

GROUP OBSTRUCTION

OUTLINE ON SECTIONAL OF INSET CHART

HIGH-INTENSITY OBSTRUCTION LIGHTS
High-intensity lights may operate parttime.

MAXIMUM ELEVATION FIGURE (MEF)
(see page 2 for explanation).

WARNING AND CAUTION NOTES
Used when specific area is not demarcated.

19

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information
CULTURE CULTURE
RAILROAD SIDINGS AND SHORT SPURS

RAILROADS
All gauges

Single Track TOPOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

ROADS Double Track Dual Lane Category 1

More Than Two Tracks Primary Category 2

Electric

RAILROADS IN JUXTAPOSITION

Secondary Category 2

TRAILS Category 3 RAILROADNONOPERATING, ABANDONED, DESTROYED OR UNDER CONSTRUCTION
Provides symbolization for dismantled railroad when combined with label "dismantled railroad."

ROAD MARKERS Interstate Route No.

RAILROAD YARDS Limiting Track To Scale

U.S. Route No. Air Marked Identification Label ROAD NAMES

Location Only

RAILROAD STATIONS

ROADS UNDER CONSTRUCTION Features Related to Railroads and Roads

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information
CULTURE
BRIDGES AND VIADUCTS FERRIES, FERRY SLIPS AND FORDS

20

CULTURE

Railroad

Road

OVERPASSES AND UNDERPASSES

CAUSEWAYS

PROMINENT FENCES

TUNNELS-ROAD AND RAILROAD

BOUNDARIES

International

POPULATED PLACES OUTLINED Large Cities Category 1 State and Provincial

Cities and Large Towns Category 2 POPULATED PLACES

Convention or Mandate Line

Towns and Villages Category 3

Date Line

21

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information
CULTURE CULTURE
SMALL LOCKS

TIME ZONES

MINES AND QUARRIES
Shaft Mines and Quarries

WEIRS AND JETTIES

POWER TRANSMISSION & TELECOMMUNICATION LINES

SEAWALLS

PIPELINES

BREAKWATERS

Underground

PIERS, WHARFS, QUAYS, ETC.

DAMS

MISCELLANEOUS CULTURAL FEATURES

DAM CARRYING ROAD

OUTDOOR THEATER

PASSABLE LOCKS

WELLS

Other Than Water

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information
CULTURE
RACE TRACKS SHORELINES Definite

22

HYDROGRAPHY

LOOKOUT TOWERS Air marked identification
(Site Number)

Fluctuating

618 (Elevation Base of Tower)

LANDMARK AREAS

Unsurveyed
Indefinite

TANKS

Man-made

LAKES
Label as required

COAST GUARD STATION

Perennial
When too numerous to show individual lakes, show representative pattern and descriptive note.

AERIAL CABLEWAYS, CONVEYORS, ETC.

Non-Perennial
(dry, intermittent, etc.) Illustration includes small perennial lake

RESERVOIRS Natural Shorelines

HYDROGRAPHY
OPEN WATER

Man-made Shorelines
Label when necessary for clarity Too small to show to scale

INLAND WATER

Under Construction

23

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information
HYDROGRAPHY HYDROGRAPHY
WET SAND AREAS
Within and adjacent to desert areas

STREAMS

Perennial

AQUEDUCTS

Non-Perennial

Fanned Out
Alluvial fan

Abandoned or Under Construction

MISCELLANEOUS HYDROGRAPHIC FEATURES

Braided

Underground

Disappearing

Suspended or Elevated

Seasonally Fluctuating
with undefined limits

Tunnels

Kanats
with maximum bank limits, prominent and constant Underground aqueduct with air vents

Sand Deposits In and Along Riverbeds

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information
HYDROGRAPHY
FLUMES, PENSTOCKS AND SIMILAR FEATURES To Scale

24

HYDROGRAPHY

Elevated

Abandoned or Under Construction

Underground

Abandoned to Scale

FALLS

SMALL CANALS AND DRAINAGE / IRRIGATION DITCHES Perennial

Double-Line

Single-Line

Non-Perennial

RAPIDS Abandoned or Ancient

Double-Line

Numerous Single-Line
Representative pattern and/or descriptive note.

CANALS

Numerous

25

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information
HYDROGRAPHY HYDROGRAPHY
LAND SUBJECT TO INUNDATION
salt pans

COASTAL HYDROGRAPHIC FEATURES SALT EVAPORATORS AND SALT PANS MAN EXPLOITED

SWAMPS, MARSHES AND BOGS

SPRINGS, WELLS AND WATERHOLES

HUMMOCKS AND RIDGES

GLACIERS

MANGROVE AND NIPA

GLACIAL MORAINES

mangrove

PEAT BOGS

ICE CLIFFS

peat bog

TUNDRA

SNOWFIELDS, ICE FIELDS AND ICE CAPS

CRANBERRY BOGS

ICE PEAKS

RICE PADDIES
Extensive areas indicated by label only.

FORESHORE FLATS

Tidal flats exposed at low tide.

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information
HYDROGRAPHY
ROCKS-ISOLATED Bare or Awash Basic WRECKS Exposed CONTOURS

26

RELIEF

REEFS-ROCKY OR CORAL Approximate

MISCELLANEOUS UNDERWATER FEATURES NOT OTHERWISE SYMBOLIZED FISH PONDS AND HATCHERIES

Intermediate

ICE

Auxiliary

Permanent Polar Ice

Depression
Illustration includes mound within depression
200 0
10 00

Values

Pack Ice

27

VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information
RELIEF RELIEF
SAND OR GRAVEL AREAS

SPOT ELEVATIONS ELEVATIONS Position Accurate

SAND RIDGES Position Accurate, Elevation Approximate

To Scale

UNRELIABLE RELIEF Approximate location

SAND DUNES

To Scale Critical SHADED RELIEF

Highest on Chart ROCK STRATA OUTCROP
12632

MOUNTAIN PASS

AREA RELIEF FEATURES QUARRIES TO SCALE

HACHURING

UNSURVEYED AREAS
Label appropriately as required

STRIP MINES, MINE DUMPS AND TAILINGS To Scale

UNCONTOURED AREAS
Label appropriately as required
RELIEF DATA INCOMPLETE

CRATERS MISCELLANEOUS RELIEF FEATURES

DISTORTED SURFACE AREAS

lava

ESCARPMENTS, BLUFFS, CLIFFS, DEPRESSIONS, ETC.

LAVA FLOWS LEVEES AND ESKERS

HELICOPTER ROUTE CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRPORTS
LANDPLANE
All recognizable runways, including some which may be closed, are shown for visual identification.

28

RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION
VHF OMNI-DIRECTIONAL RADIO (VOR) RANGE

HELICOPTER ROUTE CHARTS

HELIPORT

SEAPLANE

ULTRALIGHT FLIGHT PARK

VOR

AIRPORT DATA GROUPING

VOR-DME

NON-DIRECTIONAL RADIOBEACON (NDB)

NDB-DME

{

Boxed airport name indicates airport for which a Special Traffic Rule has been established.

VORTAC

29

HELICOPTER ROUTE CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION AIRSPACE INFORMATION
CLASS B AIRSPACE
Appropriate notes as required may be shown. (Mode C see FAR 91.215/AIM)

NAVAIDS USED TO DEFINE CLASS B AIRSPACE

BROADCAST STATIONS (BS)
On request by the proper authority or when a VFR Checkpoint.

All mileages are nautical (NM)

All radials are magnetic.

FLIGHT SERVICE STATION (FSS)

CLASS C AIRSPACE
Appropriate notes as required may be shown. (Mode C see FAR 91.215/AIM)

REMOTE COMMUNICATIONS OUTLET (RCO)

CLASS D AIRSPACE HELICOPTER ROUTE CHARTS

HELICOPTER ROUTE CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRSPACE INFORMATION
CLASS E SURFACE (SFC) AIRSPACE

30

AIRSPACE INFORMATION
CANADIAN AIRSPACE
Appropriate notes as required may be shown.

SPECIAL AIRSPACE AREAS

SPECIAL FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS (SFAR) AREAS RELATING TO NATIONAL SECURITY

Example: Washington DC

HELICOPTER ROUTES

Appropriate notes as required may be shown.

WASHINGTON DC METROPOLITAN SPECIAL FLIGHT RULES AREA IN EFFECT (See SFAR 94 description in chart border). Special regulations apply
to all aircraft operations below Flight Level 180 in the Washington DC Metropolitan Area. Pilots should contact a local AFSS for NOTAM information prior to flight in the Washington DC Metropolitan Area.

AIR DEFENSE IDENTIFICATION ZONE (ADIZ)
Note. Delimiting line not shown when it coincides with International Boundary, projection lines or other linear features.

31

HELICOPTER ROUTE CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRSPACE INFORMATION NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION
VFR CHECKPOINTS

SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE
Only the airspace effective below 18,000 feet MSL is shown. The type of area shall be spelled out in large areas if space permits.

MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES (MTR) SPECIAL AIR TRAFFIC RULES / AIRPORT TRAFFIC AREAS (FAR PART 93)
Appropriate boxed notes as required shown adjacent to area.

VFR WAYPOINTS Stand-Alone Collocated with VFR Checkpoint

OBSTRUCTIONS

MODE C (FAR 91.215)
Appropriate notes as required may be shown.

MISCELLANEOUS AIRSPACE AREAS
Parachute Jumping Area with Frequency Glider Operating Area Ultralight Activity Hang Glider Activity

MAXIMUM ELEVATION FIGURE (MEF)
(see page 2 for explanation).

SPECIAL CONSERVATION AREAS
National Park, Wildlife Refuge, Primitive and Wilderness Areas, etc.

NAVIGATION DATA
’ ’

TERMINAL RADAR SERVICE AREA (TRSA)
Appropriate notes as required may be shown.
’ ’

’ ’

HELICOPTER ROUTE CHARTS - Topographic Information
NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION
WARNING AND CAUTION NOTES POWER TRANSMISSION LINES

32

CULTURE

PROMINENT PICTORIALS

LOCAL MAGNETIC NOTES Unreliability Notes LANDMARKS

CULTURE
RAILROADS Single Track Double Track SHORELINES

HYDROGRAPHY

ROADS Dual Lane

MAJOR LAKES AND RIVERS

Primary

BRIDGES

RESERVOIRS

RELIEF
POPULATED PLACES SPOT ELEVATIONS

Built-up Areas

Position Accurate

BOUNDARIES International State and Provincial

33

VFR FLYWAY PLANNING CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRPORTS AIRSPACE INFORMATION
CLASS B AIRSPACE
Appropriate notes as required may be shown. (Mode C see FAR 91.215 /AIM) All mileages are nautical (NM). All radials are magnetic.

LANDPLANE
No distinction is made between airports with services and those without services. Runways may be exaggerated to clearly portray the pattern. Hard-surfaced runways which are closed but still exist are included in the charted pattern. FAR 91 - Fixed wing special VFR operations prohibited.

VFR FLYWAY PLANNING CHARTS

RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION
VHF OMNI-DIRECTIONAL RADIO RANGE (VOR)

CLASS C AIRSPACE
Appropriate notes as required may be shown. (Mode C see FAR 91.215/AIM)

VOR

VORTAC

VOR-DME

CLASS D AIRSPACE

NON-DIRECTIONAL RADIOBEACON (NDB)

NDB-DME

NAVAIDS USED TO DEFINE CLASS B AIRSPACE

CLASS E SURFACE (SFC) AIRSPACE

VFR FLYWAY PLANNING CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRSPACE INFORMATION
SPECIAL AIRSPACE AREAS

34

AIRSPACE INFORMATION
SUGGESTED VFR FLYWAY AND ALTITUDE

SPECIAL FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS (SFAR) AREAS RELATING TO NATIONAL SECURITY Example: Washington DC

IFR ROUTES
Appropriate notes as required may be shown.

Arrival

Departure
Appropriate notes as required may be shown.

WASHINGTON DC METROPOLITAN AREA SPECIAL FLIGHT RULES AREA IN EFFECT (See SFAR 94 description in chart border).
Special regulations apply to all aircraft operations below Flight Level 180 in the Washington DC Metropolitan Area. Pilots should contact a local AFSS for NOTAM information prior to flight in the Washington DC Metropolitan Area.

TRANSITION ROUTES
Appropriate notes as required may be shown.
VFR TRANSITION ROUTE ATC CLEARANCE REQUIRED SEE SHOWBOAT GRAPHIC ON SIDE PANEL

TEMPORARY FLIGHT RESTRICTION (TFR) RELATING TO NATIONAL SECURITY

Uni-directional Bi-directional

Example: P-40/R-4009

SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE
Only the airspace effective below 18,000 feet MSL is shown.

Appropriate notes as required may be shown.

CAUTION
P-40 AND R-4009 EXPANDED BY TEMPORARY FLIGHT RESTRICTION. CONTACT AFSS FOR LATEST STATUS AND NOTAMS.

MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES (MTR)

35

VFR FLYWAY PLANNING CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRSPACE INFORMATION NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION
VFR CHECKPOINTS

SPECIAL AIR TRAFFIC RULES / AIRPORT TRAFFIC AREAS (FAR Part 93)
Appropriate boxed note as required shown adjacent to area.

MODE C (FAR 91.215)
Appropriate notes as required may be shown.

VFR WAYPOINTS AIR DEFENSE IDENTIFICATION ZONE (ADIZ) Stand-Alone Collocated with VFR Checkpoint

TERMINAL RADAR SERVICE AREA (TRSA)

OBSTRUCTIONS
Only those obstacles specified by the FAA shall be shown. Above Ground Level (AGL) heights are not shown.

MISCELLANEOUS AIRSPACE AREAS
Parachute Jumping Area Glider Operating Area Ultralight Activity Hang Glider Activity

NAVIGATIONAL DATA
’ ’

’ ’

’ ’

VFR FLYWAY PLANNING CHARTS - Topographic Information
CULTURE
RAILROADS Single and Multiple Tracks ROADS Dual Lane Primary
HARBOR FREEWAY

36

RELIEF
Spot Elevations Position Accurate Mountain Peaks

110

POPULATED PLACES Built-up Areas

Towns BOUNDARIES

International

POWER TRANSMISSION LINES PROMINENT PICTORIALS

LANDMARKS
POWER PLANT

HYDROGRAPHY
SHORELINES

MAJOR LAKES AND RIVERS

RESERVOIRS

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