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VFR AERONAUTICAL CHART SYMBOLS

AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION
AIRPORTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
AIRSPACE INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
CHART LIMITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

TOPOGRAPHIC INFORMATION
CULTURE
RAILROADS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
ROADS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
POPULATED PLACES OUTLINED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
BOUNDARIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
MISCELLANEOUS CULTURAL FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
HYDROGRAPHY
SHORELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
LAKES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
RESERVOIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
STREAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
MISCELLANEOUS HYDROGRAPHIC FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
RELIEF
CONTOURS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
ELEVATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
UNRELIABLE RELIEF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
SHADED RELIEF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
AREA RELIEF FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
MISCELLANEOUS RELIEF FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
9

HELICOPTER ROUTE CHARTS


AIRPORTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
AIRSPACE INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
CULTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
HYDROGRAPHY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
RELIEF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

VFR FLYWAY PLANNING CHARTS


AIRPORTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
AIRSPACE INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
CULTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
HYDROGRAPHY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
RELIEF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

GENERAL INFORMATION
Symbols shown are for World Aeronautical Charts (WAC), Sectional aeronautical charts and Terminal Area Charts
(TAC). When a symbol is different on any VFR chart series, it will be annotated thus:
WAC or Not shown on WAC.
VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information 10
AIRPORTS AIRPORTS

LANDPLANE: CIVIL LANDPLANE:


EMERGENCY
Airports having con-
trol towers (CT) are No facilities
shown in blue, all oth-
ers are shown in or
magenta.
Complete informa-
All recognizable run- tion is not available.
ways, including some
which may be closed, Add appropriate
are shown for visual notes as required:
identification pur- "closed, approximate
poses. position, existence
unconfirmed.
Refueling and repair
facilities for normal
traffic.

Runway patterns will


be depicted at air-
ports with at least one SEAPLANE:
hard surface runway
1500´ or greater in EMERGENCY
length.
No facilities or com-
plete information is
not available

HELIPORT
(Selected)

ULTRALIGHT FLIGHT
SEAPLANE: CIVIL PARK
AERONAUTICAL (Selected)
INFORMATION
AIRPORT DATA
GROUPING

LANDPLANE:
CIVIL-MILITARY

LANDPLANE:
MILITARY
Refueling and repair
facilities not indi-
cated.
11 VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION
VHF ILS COMPONENTS
OMNI-DIRECTIONAL
RADIO (VOR) RANGE Shown when compo-
nent of airway sys-
tem or used in the
description of Class B
airspace.

BROADCAST
STATIONS (BS)

VOR On request by the


proper authority or
when a VFR Check-
point.

FLIGHT SERVICE
STATION (FSS)

VORTAC {

VOR-DME

REMOTE
COMMUNICATIONS
NON-DIRECTIONAL OUTLET (RCO)
RADIOBEACON
(NDB)

NDB-DME
VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information 12
RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION AIRSPACE INFORMATION
AIR FORCE STATION CLASS C AIRSPACE
(AFS)
Appropriate notes as
required may be
shown.
(Mode C see
FAR 91.215 /AIM)
LONG RANGE
RADAR STATION
(LRRS)

OFF AIRPORT
AWOS/ASOS

AIRSPACE INFORMATION
CLASS B AIRSPACE
CLASS D AIRSPACE
Appropriate notes as
required may be
shown.
Only the airspace
LAS 002

effective below
18,000 feet MSL are
shown.
(Mode C see
FAR 91.215 /AIM)
All mileages
are nautical (NM).
All radials
are magnetic.


13 VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRSPACE INFORMATION AIRSPACE INFORMATION
CLASS E AIRSPACE CANADIAN AIRSPACE
The limits of Class E Individual units of
airspace shall be designated Canadian
shown by narrow airspace are not nec-
vignettes or by the essarily shown;
dashed magenta instead, the aggre-
symbol. Individual gate lateral and verti-
units of designated cal limits shall be
airspace are not nec- portrayed as closely
essarily shown; as possible to the
instead, the aggre- comparable U.S. air-
gate lateral and verti- space.
cal limits shall be
defined by the follow-
ing:
Appropriate notes as
Airspace beginning at required may be
the surface (sfc) des- shown.
ignated around air-
ports ...

Airspace beginning at ’
700 feet AGL ...

Airspace beginning at
1200 feet AGL or
greater that abuts
uncontrolled air-
space (Class G) ...

Differentiates floors
of airspace greater
than 700 feet above
the surface...
When the ceiling is
less than 18,000 feet
MSL, the value, pre-
fixed by the word
"ceiling,” shall be
shown along the lim-
its.

OFFSHORE
CONTROL AREAS AIRSPACE OUTSIDE
OF U.S.
Other than Canada
Appropriate notes as
required may be
shown.

FLIGHT
INFORMATION
REGIONS (FIR)
and /or (CTA)

OCEANIC
CONTROL AREAS
(OCA)
VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information 14
AIRSPACE INFORMATION AIRSPACE INFORMATION
AIR DEFENSE SPECIAL USE
IDENTIFICATION AIRSPACE
ZONE (ADIZ)
Only the airspace
Note. Delimiting line effective below
not shown when it 18,000 feet MSL are
coincides with Inter- shown.
national Boundary,
projection lines or
other linear features. The type of area shall
be spelled out in large
areas if space per-
LOW ALTITUDE mits.
AIRWAYS
VOR and LF / MF
(CLASS E AIRSPACE)
Low altitude Federal
Airways are indicated
by centerline.
Only the controlled
airspace effective
below 18,000 feet
MSL is shown.

MISCELLANEOUS
AIR ROUTES

MILITARY TRAINING
ROUTES (MTR)

SPECIAL MILITARY
ACTIVITY ROUTES
(SMAR)

Boxed notes (as in


text) shown adjacent
to route.
15 VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRSPACE INFORMATION AIRSPACE INFORMATION
SPECIAL AIR SPECIAL AIRSPACE
TRAFFIC RULES / AREAS
AIRPORT PATTERNS
(FAR 93)
SPECIAL FEDERAL
AVIATION
REGULATIONS
(SFAR) AREAS
Appropriate boxed
note as required
shown adjacent to
area.
Appropriate notes as
required may be
shown.

SPACE
OPERATIONS
AREA
(FAR 91.143) SFAR AREA
RELATING TO
NATIONAL SECURITY

Example:
Washington DC

MODE C
(FAR 91.215)

Appropriate notes as
required may be
shown.

MISCELLANEOUS
AIRSPACE AREAS
Parachute Jumping Appropriate notes as
Area with Frequency required may be WASHINGTON DC METROPOLITAN
shown. AREA SPECIAL FLIGHT RULES
AREA IN EFFECT (See SFAR 94
Glider description in chart border).
Operating Area

TEMPORARY FLIGHT
Ultralight
Activity RESTRICTION (TFR)
RELATING TO
NATIONAL SECURITY
Hang Glider
Activity
Example:
P-40/R-4009

SPECIAL
CONSERVATION
AREAS

National Park, Appropriate notes as


Wildlife Refuge, required may be CAUTION
Primitive and shown. P-40 AND R-4009 EXPANDED BY
Wilderness Areas, TEMPORARY FLIGHT RESTRICTION.
CONTACT AFSS FOR LATEST
etc. STATUS AND NOTAMS
VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information 16
AIRSPACE INFORMATION AIRSPACE INFORMATION
NATIONAL IFR ROUTES
SECURITY AREA
Appropriate notes as
required may be
shown.

Arrival

Appropriate notes as Departure


required may be ’
shown.

TRANSITION ROUTES
HIGH ENERGY Appropriate notes as VFR TRANSITION ROUTE
RADIATION required may be ATC CLEARANCE REQUIRED
shown. SEE SHOWBOAT GRAPHIC
AREAS
ON SIDE PANEL
Appropriate notes as
required may be Uni-directional
shown.

Bi-directional

NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION


ISOGONIC LINE &
VALUE
Isogonic lines and
values shall be based
on the five year epoch
magnetic variation
model.

TERMINAL RADAR LOCAL MAGNETIC


SERVICE AREA NOTES
(TRSA)
Unreliability
Appropriate notes as Notes
required may be
shown.

COMPASS ROSETTE
Shown only in areas
void of VOR roses.
Compass rosette will
be based on the five
year epoch magnetic
variation model.
17 VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION
INTERSECTIONS MARINE LIGHTS
Named intersections With Characteristics
used as reporting of Light
points. Arrows are
directed toward facili-
ties which establish
intersection.

AERONAUTICAL
LIGHTS

AERONAUTICAL
LIGHTS VISUAL GROUND
SIGNS
Shore and
Landmarkers

VFR CHECKPOINTS

Site #
VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Aeronautical Information 18
NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION CHART LIMITS
VFR WAYPOINTS OUTLINE ON
SECTIONAL OF
Stand-Alone TERMINAL AREA
CHART
Collocated with
VFR Checkpoint

OBSTRUCTION

GROUP
OBSTRUCTION ’

OUTLINE ON
’ SECTIONAL OF
INSET CHART

HIGH-INTENSITY
OBSTRUCTION

LIGHTS
High-intensity lights
may operate part-
time. ’

MAXIMUM
ELEVATION
FIGURE (MEF)
(see page 2 for expla-
nation).

WARNING AND
CAUTION NOTES
Used when specific
area is not demar-
cated.
19 VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information
CULTURE CULTURE
RAILROADS RAILROAD SIDINGS
All gauges AND SHORT SPURS
Single Track
TOPOGRAPHIC
INFORMATION

ROADS
Double Track
Dual Lane
Category 1

More Than
Two Tracks

Primary
Category 2

Electric

Secondary
Category 2
RAILROADS IN
JUXTAPOSITION

TRAILS
Category 3
Provides symboliza-
RAILROAD- tion for dismantled
NONOPERATING, railroad when com-
ABANDONED, bined with label "dis-
mantled railroad."
DESTROYED
OR UNDER ROAD MARKERS
CONSTRUCTION
Interstate Route
No.
RAILROAD YARDS
U.S. Route No.
Limiting Track To Air Marked
Scale Identification Label

ROAD NAMES

Location Only

ROADS UNDER
RAILROAD CONSTRUCTION
STATIONS
Features Related to
Railroads and Roads
VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information 20
CULTURE CULTURE
BRIDGES FERRIES, FERRY
AND VIADUCTS SLIPS AND FORDS

Railroad

Road

OVERPASSES AND
UNDERPASSES

PROMINENT
CAUSEWAYS FENCES

TUNNELS-ROAD BOUNDARIES
AND RAILROAD

International

POPULATED
PLACES OUTLINED
State and
Large Cities Provincial
Category 1

Cities and
Large Towns Convention or
Category 2 Mandate Line

POPULATED
PLACES

Towns and Villages


Category 3 Date Line
21 VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information
CULTURE CULTURE
TIME ZONES SMALL LOCKS

MINES AND WEIRS AND


QUARRIES JETTIES

Shaft Mines
and Quarries

POWER SEAWALLS
TRANSMISSION &
TELECOMMUNICA-
TION LINES

PIPELINES BREAKWATERS

PIERS, WHARFS,
Underground QUAYS, ETC.

DAMS MISCELLANEOUS
CULTURAL
FEATURES

DAM CARRYING
ROAD OUTDOOR
THEATER

PASSABLE LOCKS WELLS

Other Than Water


VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information 22
CULTURE HYDROGRAPHY
RACE TRACKS SHORELINES

Definite

LOOKOUT TOWERS

Air marked (Site Number)


Fluctuating
identification 618 (Elevation Base of Tower)

LANDMARK AREAS
Unsurveyed
Indefinite

TANKS
Man-made

LAKES
Label as required
COAST GUARD
STATION Perennial
When too numerous
to show individual
lakes, show represen-
tative pattern and
descriptive note.

AERIAL Non-Perennial
CABLEWAYS,
CONVEYORS, ETC. (dry, intermittent, etc.)
Illustration includes
small perennial lake

RESERVOIRS

Natural Shorelines

Man-made
HYDROGRAPHY Shorelines
Label when neces-
OPEN WATER sary for clarity

Too small to show to


scale

Under Construc-
tion
INLAND WATER
23 VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information
HYDROGRAPHY HYDROGRAPHY
STREAMS WET SAND AREAS

Within and adjacent


Perennial to desert areas

AQUEDUCTS

Non-Perennial

Fanned Out Abandoned or


Under
Alluvial fan Construction
MISCELLA-
NEOUS HYDRO-
GRAPHIC
FEATURES

Braided Underground

Suspended or
Disappearing Elevated

Seasonally
Fluctuating Tunnels
with undefined limits

Kanats
with maximum bank Underground aque-
limits, prominent and duct with air vents
constant

Sand Deposits In
and Along
Riverbeds
VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information 24
HYDROGRAPHY HYDROGRAPHY
FLUMES,
PENSTOCKS AND
SIMILAR FEATURES
To Scale

Abandoned or
Elevated Under
Construction

Underground Abandoned
to Scale

FALLS SMALL CANALS


AND DRAINAGE /
IRRIGATION
DITCHES
Double-Line Perennial

Single-Line Non-Perennial

RAPIDS

Double-Line Abandoned
or Ancient

Numerous
Single-Line
Representative pat-
tern and/or descrip-
tive note.

CANALS

Numerous
25 VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information
HYDROGRAPHY HYDROGRAPHY
COASTAL HYDRO- LAND SUBJECT TO
GRAPHIC FEATURES INUNDATION
SALT EVAPORATORS salt pans

AND SALT PANS


MAN EXPLOITED

SWAMPS, MARSHES SPRINGS, WELLS


AND BOGS AND WATERHOLES

HUMMOCKS AND GLACIERS


RIDGES

MANGROVE AND GLACIAL MORAINES


NIPA

mangrove

ICE CLIFFS
PEAT BOGS

peat bog

SNOWFIELDS, ICE
TUNDRA FIELDS AND ICE
CAPS

ICE PEAKS
CRANBERRY BOGS

FORESHORE FLATS
RICE PADDIES
Extensive areas indi-
cated by label only.
Tidal flats exposed at
low tide.
VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information 26
HYDROGRAPHY RELIEF
ROCKS-ISOLATED CONTOURS
Bare or Awash
Basic
WRECKS
Exposed

REEFS-ROCKY
OR CORAL
Approximate

MISCELLANEOUS
UNDERWATER
FEATURES NOT
OTHERWISE
SYMBOLIZED
Intermediate
FISH PONDS AND
HATCHERIES

Auxiliary
ICE

Permanent Depression
Polar Ice 0
Illustration includes 200
00
mound within 10
depression

Values

Pack Ice
27 VFR AERONAUTICAL CHARTS - Topographic Information
RELIEF RELIEF
SPOT ELEVATIONS SAND OR GRAVEL
ELEVATIONS AREAS
Position Accurate

SAND RIDGES
Position Accurate,
Elevation
Approximate To Scale

UNRELIABLE RELIEF
Approximate SAND DUNES
location

To Scale

Critical
SHADED RELIEF

Highest on Chart

ROCK STRATA
MOUNTAIN PASS OUTCROP
12632
AREA RELIEF FEA-
TURES
HACHURING
QUARRIES TO
SCALE

STRIP MINES, MINE


UNSURVEYED DUMPS AND
AREAS TAILINGS
Label appropriately To Scale
as required

CRATERS
UNCONTOURED
AREAS MISCELLANEOUS
RELIEF FEATURES
Label appropriately
as required

RELIEF DATA INCOMPLETE

DISTORTED ESCARPMENTS,
SURFACE BLUFFS, CLIFFS,
AREAS lava DEPRESSIONS, ETC.

LAVA FLOWS

LEVEES AND
ESKERS
HELICOPTER ROUTE CHARTS - Aeronautical Information 28
AIRPORTS RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION
LANDPLANE VHF
OMNI-DIRECTIONAL
All recognizable run- RADIO (VOR) RANGE
ways, including some
which may be closed,
are shown for visual
identification.
HELICOPTER ROUTE
CHARTS

HELIPORT

SEAPLANE

ULTRALIGHT
FLIGHT PARK VOR

AIRPORT DATA
GROUPING
Boxed airport name
indicates airport for VORTAC {
which a Special Traf-
fic Rule has been
established.

VOR-DME

NON-DIRECTIONAL
RADIOBEACON
(NDB)

NDB-DME
29 HELICOPTER ROUTE CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION AIRSPACE INFORMATION
NAVAIDS USED CLASS B AIRSPACE
TO DEFINE
CLASS B AIRSPACE Appropriate notes as
required may be
shown. (Mode C see
FAR 91.215/AIM)

All mileages are


nautical (NM)
BROADCAST
STATIONS (BS)
On request by the All radials are
proper authority or magnetic.
when a VFR Check-
point.

FLIGHT SERVICE
STATION (FSS)

CLASS C AIRSPACE
Appropriate notes as
required may be
shown. (Mode C see
FAR 91.215/AIM)

REMOTE
COMMUNICATIONS
OUTLET (RCO)

CLASS D AIRSPACE
HELICOPTER ROUTE
CHARTS
HELICOPTER ROUTE CHARTS - Aeronautical Information 30
AIRSPACE INFORMATION AIRSPACE INFORMATION
CLASS E SURFACE CANADIAN AIRSPACE
(SFC) AIRSPACE
Appropriate notes as
required may be
shown.

SPECIAL AIRSPACE
AREAS

SPECIAL FEDERAL
AVIATION
REGULATIONS
(SFAR) AREAS
RELATING TO
NATIONAL SECURITY

Example:
Washington DC

HELICOPTER
ROUTES

Appropriate notes as WASHINGTON DC METROPOLITAN SPECIAL


required may be FLIGHT RULES AREA IN EFFECT (See SFAR 94
shown. description in chart border). Special regulations apply
to all aircraft operations below Flight Level 180 in the Washington
DC Metropolitan Area. Pilots should contact a local AFSS for NOTAM
information prior to flight in the Washington DC Metropolitan Area.

AIR DEFENSE
IDENTIFICATION
ZONE (ADIZ)
Note. Delimiting line
not shown when it
coincides with Inter-
national Boundary,
projection lines or
other linear features.
31 HELICOPTER ROUTE CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRSPACE INFORMATION NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION
SPECIAL USE VFR CHECKPOINTS
AIRSPACE
Only the airspace
effective below
18,000 feet MSL is
shown.
The type of area shall
be spelled out in large
areas if space per-
mits.

MILITARY TRAINING
ROUTES (MTR)

VFR WAYPOINTS
SPECIAL AIR
TRAFFIC RULES / Stand-Alone
AIRPORT TRAFFIC
AREAS
(FAR PART 93) Collocated with
VFR Checkpoint
Appropriate boxed
notes as required
shown adjacent to
area.
OBSTRUCTIONS

MODE C ’
(FAR 91.215)
Appropriate notes as
required may be
shown.

MISCELLANEOUS
AIRSPACE AREAS
Parachute Jumping
Area with Frequency

Glider
Operating Area
MAXIMUM
ELEVATION FIGURE
Ultralight (MEF)
Activity
(see page 2 for expla-
Hang Glider nation).
Activity

SPECIAL
CONSERVATION NAVIGATION DATA
AREAS


National Park,
Wildlife Refuge,
Primitive and
Wilderness Areas,
etc.


TERMINAL RADAR
SERVICE AREA
(TRSA)
Appropriate notes as
required may be
shown.


HELICOPTER ROUTE CHARTS - Topographic Information 32
NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION CULTURE
WARNING AND POWER
CAUTION NOTES TRANSMISSION
LINES

PROMINENT
PICTORIALS

LOCAL MAGNETIC
NOTES
Unreliability LANDMARKS
Notes

CULTURE
RAILROADS

Single Track HYDROGRAPHY


SHORELINES
Double Track

ROADS

Dual Lane MAJOR LAKES AND


RIVERS

Primary

BRIDGES RESERVOIRS

RELIEF
POPULATED
PLACES SPOT ELEVATIONS

Built-up Areas Position Accurate

BOUNDARIES

International

State and
Provincial
33 VFR FLYWAY PLANNING CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRPORTS AIRSPACE INFORMATION
LANDPLANE CLASS B AIRSPACE

No distinction is Appropriate notes as


made between air- required may be
ports with services shown.
and those without
services. Runways
may be exaggerated (Mode C see
to clearly portray the FAR 91.215 /AIM)
pattern. Hard-sur-
faced runways which
are closed but still
exist are included in All mileages are
the charted pattern. nautical (NM).

FAR 91 - Fixed wing


special VFR opera- All radials
tions prohibited. are magnetic.
VFR FLYWAY PLAN-
NING CHARTS

CLASS C AIRSPACE
RADIO AIDS TO NAVIGATION
VHF Appropriate notes as
required may be
OMNI-DIRECTIONAL shown.
RADIO RANGE (VOR)
(Mode C see
FAR 91.215/AIM)
VOR

VORTAC

VOR-DME CLASS D AIRSPACE

NON-DIRECTIONAL
RADIOBEACON
(NDB)

NDB-DME

NAVAIDS USED TO
DEFINE CLASS B
AIRSPACE CLASS E SURFACE
(SFC) AIRSPACE
VFR FLYWAY PLANNING CHARTS - Aeronautical Information 34
AIRSPACE INFORMATION AIRSPACE INFORMATION
SPECIAL AIRSPACE SUGGESTED VFR
AREAS FLYWAY AND
ALTITUDE

SPECIAL FEDERAL
AVIATION
REGULATIONS
(SFAR) AREAS
RELATING TO IFR ROUTES
NATIONAL SECURITY
Appropriate notes
Example: as required may
be shown.
Washington DC

Arrival

Departure

Appropriate notes as
required may be WASHINGTON DC METROPOLITAN AREA
shown. SPECIAL FLIGHT RULES AREA IN EFFECT
(See SFAR 94 description in chart border). TRANSITION ROUTES
Special regulations apply to all aircraft operations below
Flight Level 180 in the Washington DC Metropolitan Area. VFR TRANSITION ROUTE
Pilots should contact a local AFSS for NOTAM information Appropriate notes as
prior to flight in the Washington DC Metropolitan Area. ATC CLEARANCE REQUIRED
required may be SEE SHOWBOAT GRAPHIC
shown.
ON SIDE PANEL

TEMPORARY FLIGHT
RESTRICTION (TFR) Uni-directional
RELATING TO
NATIONAL SECURITY Bi-directional

Example: SPECIAL USE


P-40/R-4009 AIRSPACE
Only the airspace
effective below
18,000 feet MSL is
shown.

Appropriate notes as CAUTION


required may be P-40 AND R-4009 EXPANDED BY
shown. TEMPORARY FLIGHT RESTRICTION.
CONTACT AFSS FOR LATEST STATUS
AND NOTAMS.

MILITARY TRAINING
ROUTES (MTR)
35 VFR FLYWAY PLANNING CHARTS - Aeronautical Information
AIRSPACE INFORMATION NAVIGATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION
SPECIAL AIR VFR CHECKPOINTS
TRAFFIC RULES /
AIRPORT TRAFFIC
AREAS
(FAR Part 93)
Appropriate boxed
note as required
shown adjacent to
area.

MODE C
(FAR 91.215)
Appropriate notes as
required may be
shown.

VFR WAYPOINTS

AIR DEFENSE Stand-Alone


IDENTIFICATION
ZONE (ADIZ)
Collocated with
VFR Checkpoint

TERMINAL RADAR
SERVICE AREA
(TRSA) OBSTRUCTIONS

Only those obstacles


specified by the FAA
shall be shown.

Above Ground Level


(AGL) heights are not ’
shown.

MISCELLANEOUS ’
AIRSPACE AREAS
Parachute Jumping
Area

Glider
Operating Area

Ultralight
Activity NAVIGATIONAL DATA


Hang Glider
Activity




VFR FLYWAY PLANNING CHARTS - Topographic Information 36
CULTURE RELIEF
RAILROADS Spot Elevations

Single and Position Accurate


Multiple Tracks Mountain Peaks

ROADS
Dual Lane HARBOR FREEWAY
110

Primary

POPULATED
PLACES

Built-up Areas

Towns

BOUNDARIES

International

POWER
TRANSMISSION
LINES

PROMINENT
PICTORIALS

LANDMARKS
POWER PLANT

HYDROGRAPHY
SHORELINES

MAJOR LAKES
AND RIVERS

RESERVOIRS