The Geel Public Psychiatric Hospital (OPZ

)

Geel研究(その7)
コロニー見学と北米の精神医療

橋本 明
愛知県立大学
“Registre des permis de visiter l’établissement”

Geel visitors from foreign countries (1892-1935)
Asia (4%) Central & South America (6%) North America (11%)
54 18 31

Africa & Oceania (1%)
6 (persons)

Europe (78%)
403 (persons)
In “Europe (78%)” , 19 visitors from Russia are included.

Geel visitors from foreign countries (1892-1935)
number of visitors 0
1892-1895 1896-1900 1901-1905 1906-1910 1911-1915 1916-1920 1921-1925 1926-1930 1931-1935

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

year

Geel visitors from Germany and USA
number of visitors 0
1892-1895 1896-1900 1901-1905 1906-1910 1911-1915 1916-1920 1921-1925 1926-1930 1931-1935

5

10

15

20

25

30

year

Germany

USA

The earliest visitor
• Pliny Earle Geel, 1849 “No American has described it, and probably, previous to 1849, no one had visited it.” the interests of the patients now at Gheel would be advanced if they could be placed in public Asylums (Earle, 1851)

State Board of Charity (Massachusetts)
• Samuel G. Howe Geel, 1867
chairman of the State Board of Charity

• Franklin B. Sanborn Geel, 1890 and 1893
secretary of the State Board of Charity

A law establishing a family care system in MA
• First recommendation to the Legislature regarding family care (1867) • An Act Providing for the Care of Certain Insane Persons (1885)

→ ”in suitable families, insane persons of
the chronic, quite class shall be paid from the appropriation of the Board” (Section 1.)

Family care in New York
• Stephen Smith Geel, 1893 state commissioner of lunacy →positive attitude toward family care • Charles W. Pilgrim Geel, 1885 physician, State Asylum Utica →negative impression of Geel

Antwerp Congress in 1902 and after
• Ca.250 participants • Owen Copp (MA) and Stephen Smith (NY) • NY State Commission in Lunacy met a number of serious objections to the system

→”the issue of family care was shelved
more than a quarter of a century” (Pollock, 1945)

Some “famous” visitors

Elmer E. Southard Geel, 1911

Adolf Meyer Geel, 1926

William A. White Geel, 1906

William Healy Geel, 1929

Gregory Zilboorg Geel, 1928

The First International Congress on Mental Hygiene, Washington in 1930
• Fritz Sano Director of Geel Colony

→”psychiatrists in this country [USA] were led to
view family care in a more favorable light” (Pollock, 1945)

Adoption of family care in USA from 1930 onwards
• Edgar A. Doll Geel, 1933
A colony at Walworth: “An American Geel”

Home for patients at Walworth, NY

• Legislation or introduction of family care New York (1933), Pennsylvania & Utah (1935), California (1939), Rhode Island (1940), Illinois (1941)

Adoption of family care in Canada
James T. Steeves Geel, 1892

Medical superintendent Provincial Lunatic Asylum St. Jones, New Brunswick

Toronto (Ontario Province) • M. Robb and John W.S. McCullough Geel, 1931 • Legislation of family care (1933) • Archibald J. Kilgour Geel, 1935

The context of Geel visit from USA and Canada
• Early interests in Geel • Legislation of family care in Massachusetts (1885) • Objection in New York (ca. 1903) • Establishment of family care in the whole of the United States (and Ontario, Canada) after 1930 →Geel visitors

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.