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Surcharge Loads

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home / study / engineering / civil engineering / civil engineering de nitions / equivalent height for surcharge

Engineerin

Surcharge is a type of loading that acts over the footing and the retaining wall. Surcharge may be coming on the soil from a dead Chegg Stu

load or live load. The surcharge dead load acts in the form of immovable objects like soil mass, highway, trees, etc and the live load

acts in the form of men and vehicles used for transportation etc. Answ

Send an

Footing: team of

Step-b

Equivalent height for surcharge for the footing is de ned as ratio of surcharge loading q to unit weight of the soil mass g.

View the

thousan

Consider the strip footing of depth Df, width of footing B and speci c weight of soil mass g. Consider the loading from surcharge

(γ) acting over the soil mass as shown in the gure.

Subs

Civil Engineer

who can help

Rushil H

Birla Inst

Andrew

United S

Ankush

BITS Pila

Formula to calculate the eﬀective height of the surcharge is as given below. Find

Retaining wall:

Consider a cantilever retaining wall retaining a soil mass and acted upon by surcharge as shown in the below gure. Find out the

eﬀective height of the surcharge for this case.

In the retaining wall, vertical back ll or soil mass acts along with surcharge for retaining wall. Assume that term H is the height of

the back ll, q is the intensity of surcharge and γ is the unit weight of the back ll soil.

Calculate the eﬀective height in terms of the lateral stress exerted by the surcharge over the wall in terms of unit weight of soil.

Here, the term ka is the active earth pressure coeﬃcient for the back ll.

surcharge?

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