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Red dots = end-member

mineral compositions!
Fields where minerals!
+ liquid coexist!
Alkemade lines join the
compositions of
coexisting solid phases!
Thermal divides exist
Where alkemade lines
intersect their
corresponding cotectic
(or ‘univarient’) curves!
Thermal divides exist
Where alkemade lines
intersect their
corresponding cotectic
(or ‘univarient’) curves!
e.g. This thermal divide
exists because the tieline
between end-members ‘A’
and ‘C’ intersects the
univarient curve
between ‘A+Liq’ and

‘C+Liq’

Thermal divides exist
Where alkemade lines
intersect their e.g. This thermal divide
exists because the tieline
corresponding cotectic between end-members
(or ‘univarient’) curves! ‘A3BC3’ and ‘C’
intersects the univarient
curve between
‘A3BC3+Liq’ and ‘C+Liq’.
In this case the tieline
needed to be extended to
intersect the cotectic curve,
which is not a problem

Thermal divides give the
down direction on the
eutectic curves
(everything moves away
from thermal divides)!
To define the direction of
univarient curves that are e.g. The down direction on
the univarient curve
not intersected by a between ‘A3BC3+Liq’ and
thermal divide, use the ‘BC2+Liq’ is defined by the
tieline between end- tieline between end-
members ‘A3BC3’ and
member minerals of ‘C’.

interest!
Degrees of freedom = (# components) + 2 - (# of phases)

Using this logic you can Where 3 cotectics point to


a single point, an invarient
find the down direction (eutectic) point exists.

on all cotectic curves and F=C+1-P +1 because P is constant

=3+1-4

define ‘peritectic’ and =0 0 degress of freedom means all minerals
‘eutectic’ points! crystallize until the liquid phase is completely
used up

e
p

e

p
p

Degrees of freedom = (# components) + 2 - (# of phases)

Where 3 cotectics meet but
Using this logic you can DO NOT point to a single
find the down direction point, an invarient
(peritectic) point exists.

on all cotectic curves and F=C+1-P +1 because P is constant

define ‘peritectic’ and =3+1-4

=0 0 degress of freedom means one of the
‘eutectic’ points! mineral phases will be used up before the
crystallization path can continue down to the

e

eutectic

e

p
p

With this knowledge
we can construct a
Crystallization

crystallization path for
any initial melt
composition (e.g. Crystallization of BC2
‘X’) that falls within begins once the melt, with
initial composition ‘X’ has
this ternary diagram! e
cooled (z-axis movement)
p
enough to intersect the
‘BC2+liq’ surface.

e

p
p

Crystallization of pure BC2
continually shifts the
e
p
remaining melt composition
away from the BC2
composition.

e

p
p

Once the cotectic between
‘B+liq’ and ‘BC2+liq’ is
reached, both minerals ‘B’
e
p
and ‘BC2’ are saturated in
the melt and ‘B’ begins
crystallizing alongside ‘BC2’

e

p
p

Once the peritectic is
reached, ‘B’ and ‘A3CB3’
crystallize at the expense of
‘BC2’. Only once all of the
crystallized ‘BC2’ is
e
p
depleted, can crystallization
continue down to the
eutectic

e

p
p

Once all of the crystallized
‘BC2’ is depleted,
crystallization continues
until the eutectic is reached
and ‘AB’ begins to
crystallize aswell.
e
p
Crystallization of ‘AB’,
‘B’, and ‘BC2’ will occur
until all of the melt is
depleted.

e

p
p

Melting

The same process in The rock with composition ‘X’
reverse can describe will begin to melt once heated (z-
direction movement) to the initial
the melting of any melting temperature, at which
rock composition (e.g. point a melt with composition ‘e’
will begin to develop at the
‘X’) that falls within expense of ‘AB’. The thermal
this ternary diagram! divide dictates which eutectic melt
e
p

is created, based on the starting
composition of your rock

e

p
p

Once all ‘AB’ is melted, melting of
‘B’ and ‘A3BC3’ continues until
the peritectic is reached, at which
point ‘A3BC3’ reacts with the
system to form ‘BC2’. This is
called incongruent melting.
Congruent melting occurs if no
peritectic is intersected.

e
p

e

p
p

Once all ‘A3BC3’ is melted,
melting of ‘B’ and ‘BC2’
continues until the tieline between
the starting composition and
‘BC2’ is reached.

e
p

e

p
p

Once the tieline between the
starting composition and ‘BC2’ is
reached, all ‘B’ has been melted
and the melt composition evolves
until the initial composition of the
rock is obtained by complete
melting of all minerals.

e
p

e

p
p