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TRAVERSE COMPUTATION

AND ADJUSTMENT
TRAVERSE TRAVERSE
SPREADSHEET COMPUTATION
1. Definite distance 1. Latitudes & Departures
2. Bearing Misclosure 2. Corrections (latitudes &
3. Bearing corrections departures)
4. Definite bearing 3. Linear misclosure
4. Adjustment Latitudes &
Departures
5. Adjusted Coordinates
6. Area
TRAVERSE SPREADSHEET
Be a ri n g De fi n i te Ve rti cl e Ho ri zo n ta l De fi n i te
Stn Fa ce Le ft Fa ce Ri gh t Ave ra ge Fr Be a ri n g To An gl e Di s ta n ce Di s ta n ce
DATUM FR S2 – S1 123 16 30 S2 123 16 30 S1 30.051 30.051
(30.051)

S1 123 16 30 303 16 30 343 24 40 S2 343 24 30 3 31.878 31.877


S2S C1 + 00’ 04” (31.876)
3 343 24 40 163 24 40 31.877
(343 24 44)
S2 163 24 40 343 24 40 76 26 00 3 76 26 00 4 30.341 30.340
33 C2 + 00’ 08” 30.340
4 76 26 06 256 25 55
(076 26 08)
3 256 26 00 76 26 00 136 25 20 4 136 25 30 5 36.140 36.140
4 C3 +00’ 12” 36.140
5 136 25 20 316 25 20 36.140
(136 25 32)
4 316 25 20 136 25 20 215 48 00 5 215 48 30 S1 34.483 34.483
5 C4 +00’ 16” 34.483
S1 215 48 10 35 47 50 34.483
(215 48 16)
5 35 48 00 215 48 00 303 16 10 S1 303 16 30 S2 30.051 30.051
S1 C5 +00’ 20” 30.050
S2 303 16 10 123 16 10
(303 16 30)
Garisan S1 – S2 dibaca = 303 16 10
Sepatutnya dibaca = 303 16 30
Tikaian/Selisih = - 00’ 20” Dlm 5 stn iaitu S2, 3, 4, 5 & S1.
Pembetulan, C = + 00’ 04”/ stn.
TRAVERSE COMPUTATION AND ADJUSTMENT
1. Definite Bearings & Distances 5. Adjustment Latitudes/Departures
2. Latitudes and Departures 6. Coordinates
3. Linear Misclosure
4. Corrections (latitudes/departures)
Jarak Latit Dipat Pembetulan Koordinat
Stn Bering
+ - + - Latit Dipat U/S T/B
S2 - 18002.050 82789.023
-0.002 +0.000
- 3 343 24 30 31.877 30.550 9.102 30.548 -9.102 18032.598 82779.921
-0.001 -0.001 -0.001
- 4 076 26 00 30.340 7.117 29.493 7.116 29.492 18039.714 82809.412
+0.002 -0.000
- 5 136 25 30 36.140 26.182 24.911 -26.184 24.911 18013.530 82834.323
+0.002 +0.000
- S1 215 48 30 34.483 27.965 20.175 -27.967 -20.175 17985.563 82814.148
-0.001 +0.001
- S2 303 16 30 30.051 16.488 25.124 16.487 -25.125 18002.050 82789.023
∑ 162.891 ∑ 54.155 ∑ 54.147 ∑ 54.404 ∑ 54.401 ∑=0 ∑ = 0.001
(54.155 – 54.147) (54.404 – 54.401) ∑=0
∆L= 0.008 ∆D = 0.003

Latit = J cos Ɵ Dipat = J sin Ɵ

Tikaian Lurus = √ {(∆L)² + (∆D)²} = 5.2452⁻⁰⁵ KAEDAH BOWDITCH:


(Linear misclosure) Jarak Garisan
∑J = 19 064.949 Pembetulan Latit/Dipat = X ∆L / ∆D
1 : 19 064 Jum. Jarak
TRAVERSE COMPUTATION AND ADJUSTMENT
1. Area: (Coordinates methods)
2. Area: (2 x Latit & Dipat)

Jarak Latit Dipat Pembetulan Koordinat


Stn Bering
+ - + - Latit Dipat U/S T/B
S2 - 18002.050 82789.023
-0.002 +0.000
- 3 343 24 30 31.877 30.550 9.102 30.548 -9.102 18032.598 82779.921
-0.001 -0.001 -0.001
- 4 076 26 00 30.340 7.117 29.493 7.116 29.492 18039.714 82809.412
+0.002 -0.000
- 5 136 25 30 36.140 26.182 24.911 -26.184 24.911 18013.530 82834.323
+0.002 +0.000
- S1 215 48 30 34.483 27.965 20.175 -27.967 -20.175 17985.563 82814.148
-0.001 +0.001
- S2 303 16 30 30.051 16.488 25.124 16.487 -25.125 18002.050 82789.023
∑ 162.891 ∑ 54.155 ∑ 54.147 ∑ 54.404 ∑ 54.401 ∑=0 ∑ = 0.001
(54.155 – 54.147) (54.404 – 54.401) ∑=0
∆L= 0.008 ∆D = 0.003

Latit = J cos Ɵ Dipat = J sin Ɵ

Tikaian Lurus = √ {(∆L)² + (∆D)²} = 5.2452⁻⁰⁵ KAEDAH BOWDITCH:


(Linear misclosure) Jarak Garisan
∑J = 19 064.949 Pembetulan Latit/Dipat = X ∆L / ∆D
1 : 19 064 Jum. Jarak
TRAVERSE COMPUTATION AND ADJUSTMENT
1. Area: (Coordinates methods)
2. Area: (2 x Latit & Dipat)

Jarak Latit Dipat Pembetulan Koordinat


Stn Bering
+ - + - Latit Dipat U/S T/B
S2 - 18002.050 82789.023
-0.002 +0.000
- 3 343 24 30 31.877 30.550 9.102 30.548 -9.102 18032.598 82779.921
-0.001 -0.001 -0.001
- 4 076 26 00 30.340 7.117 29.493 7.116 29.492 18039.714 82809.412
+0.002 -0.000
- 5 136 25 30 36.140 26.182 24.911 -26.184 24.911 18013.530 82834.323
+0.002 +0.000
- S1 215 48 30 34.483 27.965 20.175 -27.967 -20.175 17985.563 82814.148
-0.001 +0.001
- S2 303 16 30 30.051 16.488 25.124 16.487 -25.125 18002.050 82789.023
∑ 162.891 ∑ 54.155 ∑ 54.147 ∑ 54.404 ∑ 54.401 ∑=0 ∑ = 0.001
(54.155 – 54.147) (54.404 – 54.401) ∑=0
∆L= 0.008 ∆D = 0.003

Latit = J cos Ɵ Dipat = J sin Ɵ

Tikaian Lurus = √ {(∆L)² + (∆D)²} = 5.2452⁻⁰⁵ KAEDAH BOWDITCH:


(Linear misclosure) Jarak Garisan
∑J = 19 064.949 Pembetulan Latit/Dipat = X ∆L / ∆D
1 : 19 064 Jum. Jarak
Line Latit Dipat 2 X Latit 2 X Dipat (2 X Latit) x Dipat (2 X Dipat) x Latit
S2 - 3 30.548 -9.102 63.522 9.102 -578.177 278.048
3 - 4 7.116 * 29.491 101.186 29.491 2984.076 209.858
4 - 5 -26.184 24.911 82.118 83.893 2045.641 -2196.654
5 - S1 -27.967 -20.175 27.967 88.629 -564.234 -2478.687
S1 - S2 * 16.487 -25.125 16.487 43.329 -414.236 714.365
TRAVERSE LOOP
STN 4

STN 3
STN 5

STN S2

STN S1