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Ariel Powell

Mrs. Olivares

British Literature

February 11, 2019

The Animals as Experimental Projects

Imagine your dog, cat, or bunny living a different life being poked, poisoned, and tested

in a laboratory, or better yet, picture ​spending your whole life in a hospital as a prisoner, and

what happens to you can go from uncomfortable to terrorizing to death and you can’t stand up

for yourself. ​The animals used in experiments and testing aren't like your normal everyday pets

that you take to the vet or put a flea collar on. ​The thought that animal experimentation will

produce such great benefit tells society it is morally acceptable to harm a few animals, but it is

not justifiable and needs to be dismissed. Animals used in testing and experimentation are

passing the ethical limit of science for our own benefit.

To begin, ​animal experimentation has a large variety of​ procedures intended to establish

the quality, performance,and reliability of something, especially before it is taken into public use

of humans and the environment​. Animal experimentation is performing scientific tests for new

discoveries on animals such as rats, birds, and rabbits. Animal experimentation involves many

harsh techniques such as injecting, force feeding, exposing animals to toxic chemicals and

radiation, and evening putting them in scary situations to test stress and anxiety levels. They give

animals drugs and steroids before giving them to humans to test the safety and side effects, then

search for complications the drug may cause long term. ​Ingrid E. Newkirk, President of PETA

states “Animal testing is carried out in a wide range of areas, including acute toxicity testing, eye
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and skin irritation testing, skin sensitization testing, reproductive and developmental toxicity

testing, and carcinogenicity testing”(​Newkirk).​ The long list of different types of animal testing

and experimental ways causes society to have a tough time determining if it's ethically moral to

experiment on animals.

Next, many supporters think animal experimentation is worth it for our well being. The

positives to animal experimentation include advancement in scientific understanding, models to

study disease, to develop and test potential forms of treatment, and to protect the safety of

people, and the environment. ​Dr. Carrion stated “​ ​I believe that animal models provide us 

insight into diseases that we would not be able to understand otherwise”(Carrion). ​The 

past experimentation has led to treatments for rabies, polio, diabetes, anthrax, and smallpox, as well 

as antibiotics, antidepressants, and tranquilizers. Also​ with new upcoming extremely dangerous

diseases such as sickle cell anemia, multiple sclerosis, schizophrenia, alzheimer's disease, and

heart disease that still have no cures and very few working treatments could be never cured if

animal research was taken away. Diseases like aids will keep appearing and causing more issues

if animal study is completely removed. Researchers say ​"Our goal is to give people longer, 

happier lives"(Carrion). The positives give ​supporters reason to think animal experimentation

is worth it for our well being and advancement.

Furthermore, ​the belief that our lives dominate animals lives has came from years ago in

the biblical times justifying that it is worth animals suffering. ​Animals have been used for 

scientific research since the Romans and the ancient Greeks. ​Morton A. Kaplan, a Professor of

Political Science, at the University of Chicago stated​ “This concept that we place above the

anim​als​ often came from religion; for example, in Judaism and Christianity. In the Bible, in
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Genesis 1:26ff, God gave man dominion over all the animals, and in Genesis 2:19ff man named

the animals.” Then later stated that “Arrogance and self-importance are considered moral sins”

(Kaplan, Morton).​ Which leaves many questioning if animal experimentation is acceptable.

In addition, my next claim is that the amount of lives being mistreated and used aren't

worth the benefits that are received from animal experimentation and tests. “Although animals

have the same capacity to feel fear and pain that we humans have, our physiology is very

different, and results from animal studies are rarely relevant to human health. Nine out of ten

experimental drugs that pass animal studies fail in humans, and the few that are approved often

need to be relabeled or pulled from the market after they sicken or kill human patients” (Moore).

Animals and humans physical and emotional differences are keeping us from knowing if what

were experimenting is even one hundred percent effective after passing. Alot of animals lives

that are being risked are being risked for wrong outcomes. So were wasting tons of innocent

lives of animals for possible results. "The United Kingdom had more than 3 million animal tests

in a year, yet less than a fourth of research is directly testing treatments for serious human

diseases. There are many scientific reasons why the practice should stop. The differences

between species at these levels make it even more difficult (and dangerous) to use animals. This

was never more evident than in the monoclonal drug trial disaster in which tests on monkeys at

500 times the standard dose failed to predict the monstrous effects on the human trial volunteers”

(Pruce). That drug trial was a horrific disaster. After a drug passed animal tests it was given to

six human volunteers which caused life threatening conditions involving multi-organ failure and

were all moved in to the intensive care unit. ​Cruelty Free International approximately states that

500,000 animals are still used in cosmetics testing every year (​Macneil-Brown)​. The amount of
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animals involved are not equally justable for false results that are incorrect and causing our lives

to be in danger as well as the animals.

Equally important is the impact and the everlasting pain that performing all these

experiments continues past animals to leaving an impact on human lives as well. After

experimentation many animals are left with PTSD, anxiety, or even dead and everyday ​cosmetics

testers, medical training doctors, and curiosity-driven medical experimental university students

are watching it happen. ​The people that are performing the experiments are taking an effect to

the animals pain and suffering as well. “Studies support observations that animal

experimentation is not morally correct because it coaches that abusing animals is justifiable.

Australian veterinarian Andrew Knight states that veterinary students who perform animal

research become less sensitive to animals in pain and later prescribe the wrong pain medication

to their patients” (Abramovitz). Seeing anything lose life or suffer constantly everyday is going

to have an effect on your emotions and stability. This is causing a train of painful effects that

could one day be the reason you or a loved one’s isn’t getting proper medical help or medication.

Furthermore, ​for animals and humans lifes to be saved from suffering, actions need to be

made. Without laws and regulations we were slacking from the rights of the animals that have

and are being tested. “The "Animal Welfare Act" of the United States of America regulates the

way in which animals are transported, purchased, sold, housed, cared for, handled, and treated.

A concern that many people express about the Animal Welfare Act is the omission of rats and

birds [bred for research]. These groups were excluded because of the alleged problems involved

in regulating these species. Another concern is that there are about 50 Veterinary Medical

Officers to inspect more than 1,000 research facilities and the inspection of these facilities is very
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costly” (Kolbe). This regulation did help with many of the cruel and unjustifiable issues with

experimentation on many animals besides the animals excluded and outside the United States

their is still big concern along with the rats and birds. Cruelty Free International say’s “animal

testing is still a huge issue around the world, with over 80% of countries still having no laws

prohibiting cosmetic testing. Regardless the fact that most countries do not require safety data

based on animal tests” (​Macneil-Brown)​. The need for actions to be made is in extreme high and

the animals need justification for the suffering and pain.

Another claim not always considered is the possibility of an alternative to animal

experimentation without giving up the benefits from the medical studies. Replacing animal

experimentation with safe alternative technology advancements is a capable first step to limit

animal abuse and cruelty in experimentation without totally getting rid of medical research. We

are scientifically advance to now editing human embryos, developing lambs outside the womb,

and we can genetically design a baby. We are so technology advance that using our gadgets, and

own experiments to discover new way to test human medicines and safety of our products. “A

surrogate in vitro human immune system that a company has developed to help predict an

individual's immune response to a particular drug or vaccine. The system essentially functions as

a clinical trial in a test tube. In other words, it is a virtual human immune system that relies on

human immune responses, which differ from those of other animals. The system includes a

blood-donor base of hundreds of individuals from diverse populations. It can replace the use of

animals for a range of research purposes, most notably vaccine testing”(Ferdowsian). If there is

an alternative to saving and performing less experiments on animals we should take the extra

route and expensive in saving their lives since they have already saved so many of ours with past
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medical discoveries. Technology is giving us a way to spare the animals and we are still

choosing to use animals as our human subjects.

Finally, animal testing and experimentation has been around for hundreds of years and

getting completely rid of it is a really difficult task. Many people wanna continue with old ways,

and stick to what they know best instead of trying new things. The need to get rid of animal

testing is coming though.“Addressing the gap with animal studies alone would be expensive and

impractical. An overhaul of chemical safety regulations in the EU called ​REACH​ and a

toxicology modernisation initiative​ led by the US National Institutes of Health, are driving the

search for alternatives. Hartung believes that with enough investment and coordination, animal

tests on products in this category can be replaced completely”(Katsnelson). Getting rid of animal

experimentation is possible and would save money and harm. “In years to come, when we have

replaced animals in research, future generations will look back and wonder why this advance did

not happen sooner. But they will also be thankful for those who improved, made animals' lives

better and strove for better, more ethical science” (Ferdowsian). Completely eliminating animals

in experiments is morally acceptable. Experimenting and testing on animals was a necessity and

the advancement that came from it was incredible, but now we need to leave it in the past and

look for other solutions.

In conclusion, i gave seven claims supporting it’s morally unacceptable to harm animals,

and getting rid of animal experimentation would be justifiable. Animal experimentation is falsely

identified as a benefit for our own but with it comes more negatives. Animal experimentation is

crossing the ethical limits of science.


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Works Cited

​ hinking Critically: Animal Rights,


Abramovitz, Melissa. ​Thinking Critically: Animal Rights. T

2018​. SIRS Issues Researcher​,https://sks.sirs.com.

Ferdowsian, Hope. "Animal Research: Why we Need Alternatives."​ Chronicle of Higher

Education​, Nov. 2010​. SIRS Issues Researcher​,https://sks.sirs.com.

Kaplan, Morton A., and others. "Animal Rights and Human Morality."​ World & I​, Apr. 1995​.

SIRS Renaissance​, https://sks.sirs.com.

Kolbe, Karin.” Comparison between the american "animal welfare act" and the german..​ Animal

​ etrieved “ 2007 ​SIRS issue researcher


Welfare Information Center BulletinR

https://sks.sirs.com

Moore, Paula. "As the Netherlands Phases Out Animal Experimentation, Will Other.."​ People

for the Ethical Treatment of Animals,​ 14 Oct. 2016​. SIRS Issues Researcher​,

https://sks.sirs.com.

Moore, Ryan. "Stop Animal Testing--do Your Part with a Single Scan."​ Orlando Sentinel,​ 26

Jul. 2018, pp. A.13​. SIRS Issues Researcher,​ https://sks.sirs.com.

Naked, Bif. "The Case for Cruelty-Free Cosmetics."​ Vancouver Sun,​ 08 Aug. 2015, pp. H.4​.

SIRS Issues Researcher​, https://sks.sirs.com.

Pruce, David. "Can the use of Animals in Medical Research Ever be Justified?"​ The Independent,​

21 Jun. 2011, pp. 8​. SIRS Issues Researcher,​ ​https://sks.sirs.com​.

Macneil-Brown, Jessie ​"The Body Shop and Cruelty Free International Campaign to End.."

U.S.Newswire,​ 2017​. SIRS Issues Researcher,​ https://sks.sirs.com.


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