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Product: TRUCK
Model: 793C TRUCK ATY
Configuration: 793C Off-Highway Truck ATY00001-UP (MACHINE)
POWERED BY 3516 Engine

Operation and Maintenance Manual


793C Off-Highway Truck
Media Number -SEBU7175-07 Publication Date -2005/08/01 Date Updated -2005/08/16

i02370420

Lubricant Viscosities
SMCS - 1000; 7000; 7581

The proper oil viscosity grade is determined by the minimum ambient temperature at engine start-up and during
operation. In order to determine the proper oil viscosity grade, refer to the "Min" column and the "Max" column
in the table. The "Min" column indicates the coldest ambient temperature condition for starting a cold machine
and for operating a cold machine. The "Max" column indicates the oil viscosity grade for operating the machine
at the highest ambient temperature that is anticipated. Use the highest oil viscosity grade that is allowed for the
ambient temperature at engine start-up and during operation.

Oil viscosity grade in the differential and in the final drives should not be based solely on ambient
temperatures. The duration of operation and the oil temperatures during operation should also be considered.
Machines that are operated continuously should use oils that have the higher oil viscosity grade in the final
drives and in the differentials. The oils that have the higher oil viscosity grade will maintain the highest
possible oil film thickness. Consult your dealer if additional information is needed.

Operation of the transmission with an oil viscosity grade that is too high can cause damage to the friction disc.
Operation of the transmission with an oil temperature that is too low can cause damage to the friction disc.
Also, damage to the friction disc can be caused by extended shift time and a slow rise in clutch pressure.
Thicker oil does not provide the correct amount of oil flow in some areas and thicker oil can reduce the lube
flow in some areas.

For vehicle operation in the ambient temperature range of 0 to 50 °C (32 to 122 °F), SAE 30 TDTO is the
recommended viscosity.

NOTICE
If the ambient temperature at engine start-up or during operation is
below -10°C (14°F), perform the procedures in Operation and
Maintenance Manual, "Engine and Machine Warm-Up". Check the
differential compartment and the final drive compartment for the
proper fluid level. Failure to warm-up the oil or improper lubrication
levels prior to operation will cause damage to the machine.

NOTICE
The brake systems on the off-highway trucks MUST use SAE 10W
TDTO/TO-4 oil. Do not use FDAO or TDTO/TO-4 in the engine.

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Caterpillar Transmission/Drive Train Oil (TDTO) is balanced in order to provide maximum friction material
life in the following components: power shift transmissions, steering systems, body hoist systems, torque
converters and brake systems. Transmission/Drive Train Oil (TDTO) may decrease brake chatter in Caterpillar
machines that are equipped with oil cooled disc brakes. TDTO has passed the requirements for the TO-4 oil
specification. The TO-4 oil specification includes frictional requirements and gear wear requirements.

Caterpillar also offers a multi-season transmission oil. Transmission Multi-Season (TMS) oil exceeds the shear
stability and the performance requirements of Caterpillar TO-4M oil. TMS oil provides the maximum
performance and the maximum protection for Caterpillar transmissions.

Note: Multigrade oils must meet the requirements of Caterpillar TO-4Mfor use in transmissions. Multigrade
oils that use high molecular weight polymers as viscosity index improvers may lose the viscosity effectiveness
because of temporary shear and permanent shear of the polymer viscosity index improver. These types of
multigrade oils are not recommended for Caterpillar transmissions. The Caterpillar TO-4M oil requirement
includes a test for the shear stability of multigrade oil. If Caterpillar Transmission/Drive Train Oil (TDTO) is
not available, use commercial oils that comply with Caterpillar TO-4 or TO-4M oil specifications.

Caterpillar Final Drive and Axle Oil (FDAO) is balanced in order to provide maximum friction material life in
the following components: differentials, final drives and front wheels. Final Drive and Axle Oil provides the
maximum performance for the following Caterpillar components: differentials, final drives and front wheels.

Note: The oil viscosities in the final drives and differentials should not be based only on ambient temperatures.
The following conditions should be considered when the oil viscosity is selected: duration of operation and oil
temperature during operation. Machines that operate continuously should use an oil with a high viscosity in the
final drives and differentials. Oil with a high viscosity will maintain a high oil film thickness on the
components.

Note: Do NOT use Caterpillar gear oil that is Extreme Pressure (EP) or commercial gear oil in the components
for Off-Highway Trucks. Gear oil is not compatible with duo-cone seals and the friction materials. Gear oil
may decrease the efficiency of the transmission and the performance of the brakes.

Note: Refer to Special Publication, SEBU5898, "Cold Weather Recommendations" for the selection of oil
when the machine is operated below -20 °C (-4 °F).

Table 1

Recommendation for Lubricant Viscosities for Ambient (Outside) Temperatures for Off-Highway
Trucks
°C °F
Oil Type and
Compartment or System Oil Viscosities Max Min Max
Classification Min

-40 -40
SAE 0W20 10 50

-40 -40
SAE 0W30 30 86

-40 104
SAE 0W40 -40 40
Engine Crankcase (1) (2)
Cat DEO Multigrade
-30 -22
SAE 5W30 30 86
Cat DEO SYN (3)
Cat Arctic DEO
SYN -30 -22 122
SAE 5W40 50
Cat ECF-1 (4)
API CG-4

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Multigrade (5) -18 104


SAE 10W30 40 -4

122
SAE 10W40 -18 50 -4

-10 122
SAE 15W40 50 15

-40 -40
SAE 0W20 (6) 10 50

-40 -40
SAE 0W30 (7) 20 68

Cat TDTO -30 -22


SAE 5W30 (7) 20 68
Transmission and Torque Cat TDTO-TMS
Converter Cat Arctic TDTO -20
commercial TO-4 SAE 10W 10 -4 50

122
SAE 30 0 50 32

-10 122
TDTO-TMS (8) 50 14

-40 -40 104


SAE 0W20 40

-40 -40 104


SAE 0W30 40

-40 104
SAE 0W40 -40 40
Cat HYDO
-30 -22 104
Cat DEO SAE 5W30 40
Cat MTO
Cat TDTO -30 -22 104
Cat TDTO-TMS SAE 5W40 40
Cat DEO SYN
Cat Arctic DEO -20 104
SYN SAE 10W 40 -4
Steering System Cat Arctic TDTO
Cat ECF-1 122
SAE 30 10 50 50
Cat BIO HYDO
(HEES)
API CG-4 -20 104
SAE 10W30 40 -4
API CF
commercial TO-4 -15 122
commercial BF-1 (9) SAE 15W40 50 5

-25 -13 104


Caterpillar MTO 40

Cat BIO HYDO -40 110


-40 43
(HEES) (9)
-20 122
TDTO-TMS (8) 50 -4

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SAE 0W-20 (6) (10) -40 -40 104


Cat TDTO 40
Hoist and Brake System Cat Arctic TDTO
commercial TO-4 -20 122
SAE 10W (10) 50 -4

(13) (13)

Cat FDAO (11) SAE 50 (13) 32 90


Differential, Front Wheels
commercial FD-1 (12)
and Final Drives (13) (13)
122
SAE 60 (13) 50

(1) Supplemental heat is recommended for cold-soaked starts below the minimum ambient temperature. Supplemental heat may be
required for cold-soaked starts that are above the minimum temperature that is stated, depending on the parasitic load and other
factors. Cold-soaked starts occur when the engine has not been operated for a period of time, allowing the oil to become more
viscous due to cooler ambient temperatures.
(2) API CF oils are not recommended for Caterpillar 3500 Series and smaller Direct Injection (DI) diesel engines. API CF-4 oils
are not recommended for Caterpillar machine diesel engines.
(3) Cat Arctic DEO SYN is an SAE 0W-30 viscosity grade oil.
(4) API CI-4, API CI-4 PLUS, and API CH-4 oils are acceptable if the requirements of Caterpillar's ECF-1 (Engine Crankcase
Fluid specification - 1) are met. API CI-4, API CI-4 PLUS, and API CH-4 oils that have not met the requirements of
Caterpillar's ECF-1 specification may cause reduced engine life
(5) API CG-4 oils are acceptable for use in all Caterpillar machine diesel engines. When API CG-4 oils are used, the oil change
interval should not exceed 250 hours. API CG-4 oils that also meet API CI-4, API CI-4 PLUS, or API CH-4 must also meet the
requirements of the Caterpillar ECF-1 specification.
(6) First Choice: Cat Arctic TDTO SAE 0W-20. Second Choice: Oils of full synthetic base stock that do not have viscosity index
improvers and do meet the performance requirements of the TO-4 specification for the SAE 30 viscosity grade. Typical
lubricant viscosity grades are SAE 0W-20, SAE 0W-30, and SAE 5W-30. Third Choice: Oils that contain a TO-4 additive
package and a lubricant viscosity grade of SAE 0W-20, SAE 0W-30, or SAE 5W-30.
(7) First Choice: Oils of full synthetic base stock without viscosity index improvers that meet the performance requirements of the
TO-4 specification for the SAE 30 viscosity grade. Typical viscosity grades are SAE 0W20, SAE 0W30, and SAE 5W30.
Second Choice: Oils with a TO-4 type additive package and a lubricant viscosity grade of SAE 0W20, SAE 0W30, or of SAE
5W30.
(8) TDTO-TMS (Transmission Multi-Season) (Synthetic blend that exceeds the TO-4/TO-4M multigrade specification
requirements).
(9) Commercial biodegradable hydraulic oil must meet the Caterpillar BF-1 specification. The listed ambient temperature range is
for the current Cat BIO HYDO (HEES), not for commercial BF-1 oil.
( 10 ) The maximum allowable oil viscosity at 100°C is 6.6 cSt ("ASTM D445").
( 11 ) Cat FDAO (Final Drive and Axle Oil) (exceeds the FD-1 specification requirements)
( 12 ) Cat TDTO or a commercial TO-4 oil may be used as a second choice in place of the recommended Cat FDAO or commercial
FD-1 oil.
( 13 ) Cat FDAO SAE 60 or commercial FD-1 SAE 60 is preferred in most applications, particularly continuous operation. If the
ambient temperature is below -10°C (14°F), warm up the oil prior to operation. The oil must be maintained to a temperature
above -10°C (14°F) during operation. If the ambient temperature is below -10°C (14°F), perform the procedures in the
Operation and Maintenance Manual, "Differential Warm-up and Break-in" prior to operation. If the ambient temperature is
below -25°C (-13°F), consult your Caterpillar dealer for instructions. Failure to warm up the oil prior to operation will cause
damage to the machine.

Grease Recommendation
Cat MPGM (Multipurpose Grease w/Moly)

Cat MPGM is an NLGI grade 2 grease. This grease is made with petroleum base oil and a lithium complex
thickener. This grease also has 3% Molybdenum diSulfide (MoS2 or "Moly"). Cat MPGM is formulated for use
in applications with low severity to high severity at moderate temperatures. In addition, the Moly in Cat MPGM
is a special grade that has a median particle size of 3 microns in order to meet the special requirements of some
rolling element bearings. Cat MPGM is recommended for heavily loaded pin joints, and high impact
applications in machines such as track-type tractors, backhoe loaders and skid steer loaders.

Cat MPGM meets the NLGI certification of "GC-LB". (This certification relates to extended service intervals in

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automotive chassis points and in wheel bearings with disc brakes in automobiles, vans, and light trucks.)

Cat MPGM grease will pump through centralized autolube systems at ambient temperatures down to -18 °C (0
°F) and will perform well in medium to high severity applications up to 41 °C (106 °F). In less severe
applications, this grease can be used at higher temperatures.

Note: If the application calls for a multipurpose grease with molybdenum and Cat MPGM is not available,
consult the data sheets for the greases. Use a substitute that meets or exceeds the performance characteristics of
Cat MPGM.

Severe Applications

Caterpillar has greases which are made with a Calcium Sulfonate Complex thickener. This type of grease is
necessary for more severe applications. These greases provide more load carrying (galling resistance), lower
wear, longer working life, exceptional water washout, and resistance to corrosion.

Copyright 1993 - 2008 Caterpillar Inc. Thu Mar 6 10:14:41 UTC+0900 2008
All Rights Reserved.
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