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CHAPTER VII thermodynamics of chip formation ‘81 SOURCES OF HEAT Ti St cher ea aged when conversion of mechanical energy takes place. The ps Fig 81. These three distinct heat sources are: @) the shear zone, (qq), where the main plastic Se te cipal neice ore ap zone, scone ng tio due 10, Peon tee chip aril the tool takes place. {Gi} the work tol interface, (gy)y at fanis where onidering sharp” tol. aly breakin lank re HET SEs eoasuaned 1 protien Ue eneray of tle as hat but remains aalarent heat in the Fig. SL Metemseten Seti ote. foe ES es certsin quantity of beat is suddenly berated in unit rea of a is it a ina about rothee Decors an tela sari of Beat, ‘fhe ens i Hnstcad of suddenly it is known: source. ee ae ene See cay os = ‘gone for sae sf @ time with ‘to time, the ae arcs Pi the Lagtion of heat soures ay ue (ype of heat sowrce [pe ton] Gee] * (fxaema) Ze (i) [is] ad ‘Fig. 6.2; Various bent sources in chip femation ‘The Fourier equation of conduction of heat is given. by Bm) Gg Ban a He ‘TurRMoDYstAMnes OF curr FoRLLATRON ‘This equation i satisfied by a solution of the «ype, twgigmen [=P ee ot where Gstemperature at any loeston 5 9. “Op aera fa tno ‘Polnt source of est berated at ys 2 araee F=0, [otal quandcy of beat thera at 7 Vos cise pe) trot: 4 f peoecweem ipo eatier eet vivre athermal difsvity= 2, emtjpeson im which A=thermal conductivity, (alfem second"C), pessvalume specifi hea, eal/+Clet] (Nowe: ‘The rate at which heat is ansfered in a body is dependant only on the conductivity, but che rise in temperature this eat will produce wall on the lume specie Heat necesita the neon term ‘Generally nmtantancous point source solution is taen as fimdamental By ince a i pan “NaN & -eNe cone a. en t “vith solution ting T-+ © , the lady point source slution is obtained. z ‘space variable, line or plane source solutions ime when the thifting af one co-ordinate “moving wouree solution is obtained, ‘Thus, Eqn. 8.2 can be extended for any type of heat source. For continuow point source, when heat @(T).pe Per unit ine, from T=0 ate witha a -altes TT) aT er o- Bq 83 where R=G—x) Oy) He) Tithe rite of heat Uberation is constant, ees ATH, ms ea where Ta(T-Tyt Hee Om oe om Bam 08 For a scady sate dsrbution, when T+ ce, = -t ow Bam. 85 For. coninsous main point ouree of est when the heats berted atthe rate Br cs erp any pep gt mies ped 8.1 sounces or uzar sag with a velocity ¥ parallel to axisofs the temperature ata point, », ¢ae time Trean be culated from cal aT mie F (TAT be *—apqear ry | age ty] Ba 8s Hence, the temperature at time T for heat liberation between the period 0 and Tia Fle YT FH Yl (77) ¢ Sie: erateayy PAP RKC. ege7 BievteT) where Rat i2oc For steady state rolution 7-+ 2, = ¢ Fae) a ak “ For a line source when the heat is emitted at the rate of’ per unit length, alaag auls and per unit length, and the temperature at the sutface (e—0) is sought, Bas, ‘BBwhen integrated slong ybetween —c and © provides the slution yf Pat(tah ye [Pe Ost Pld x [P| os Bon. 89 where X, (1 the modi Bese fnetion of te second Kind of onder sto, = FE Jacgar (B:3) and Blok (8.4) Rave devived owt of Bane 89 the solution fr an inte ka ee Oe en ae ee 20, when ‘heat flee {lltincond and she sounding maim mows ws a elcty Fin te Sonor Tntegrating Eqn. 8: CP ew I2 a) pe PF (a) sop 8 ns Ee ~ te ‘a terins of dimensionless parameters, Ve x Eqn. 8.10 reduces to ae Ome Nor Xela) te Bam. 8 -modified Besel fnction of second kind and zero order. ‘This equation will be of comiderable use in developing temperature solutions of etal evvting. WE ie very lange aa grentcr than O°, then the maximum ‘esperntur ty is obiained occurring at «=f from te = ‘ VRE - Ban. 812 ‘The temperature of semi-infinite solid would be 2 times this solution and the sverage temperature over the area would be - at 0-73 Sag 24 Hm 754 os Baga, 813 ‘This equation will also be of much usc in later development for metal cutting, temperatures.