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BIOL

 106  (sections  1  and  2,  Dr.  Gonzales)  


Review:  INTRODUCTION                                       Spring  2014  
 
Key  Terms:    
Adaptation   Nodes  (on  a  phylogenetic  tree)  
Artificial  selection   Origin  of  Species  
Biology   Phylogenetic  tree  
Branches  (on  a  phylogenetic  tree)   Species  
Cell  Theory   Theory  of  Evolution  by  Natural  Selection  
Common  ancestry   Tree  of  Life  
Descent  by  modification  
Domains  of  life  (Bacteria,  Archea  and  
Eukarya)  
Ecology  
Evolution  
Fitness  
Heritable  variation  
Life  
 
Concepts:  
What  are  the  two  fundamental  concepts  unifying  ideas  in  biology?  Explain  why  
these  two  concepts  are  considered  so  important.  When  where  these  two  concepts  
introduced?    
Define  biological  Evolution.  Explain  Darwin’s  and  Wallace’s  contributions  to  the  
Theory  of  Evolution  by  Natural  Selection.  What  are  the  two  main  components  of  
evolution?  What  are  the  patterns  of  evolution?  What  processes  explain  these  
patterns?  
What  does  it  mean  that  “Species  are  related  by  common  ancestry”  ?  
What  does  “Descent  with  modification”  mean?  
What  are  the  two  main  conditions  required  for  natural  selection  to  operate?  
Explain  how  evolution  leads  to  biological  diversity  of  life.    
Explain  what  fitness  and  adaptation  mean  (in  evolutionary  sense  and  how  these  
definitions  are  different  form  every  day  use  in  English)  
Define  life  (in  biological  sense)  including  fundamental  characteristics  that  apply  to  
all  life  forms.    
Explain  why  evolution  predicts  that  we  can  species  ancestry.  Understand  how  to  
read  a  phylogenetic  tree.  
What  is  Tree  of  Life?  
What  are  the  main  Domains  of  life?  
What  is  Ecology?    
Understand  human  influence  on  the  rest  of  the  living  world  and  how  human  species  
acts  as  an  “agent  of  evolution.”    
Explain  how  some  species  benefited  from  human  expansion  and  how  other  species  
suffered  detrimental  effects.  Know  specific  examples  from  lectures  and  your  
textbook.  
How  old  is  our  species  relative  to  other  species?  
 
 
 
 
Link  to  “First  land  walking  fish  looks  like  it  had  all-­‐wheel  drive”  article  
http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/01/14/262464764/first-land-walking-fish-looks-like-it-
had-all-wheel-drive