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1. A thin prism is said to have a power of one prism-doptre if it produces a ray deviation
of 1/100 rad. For a refractive index of n=1.52, what is the apex angle of the prism of
power equal to on prism-doptré? Campare this calculation using both Snell's law and
the paraxial approximation.
nsing = Sing,
o, = dae
be: O,-@
Se:0.01
Pacaxiel approw medion = b+001
"Sa sing — LS2Sind= Sin Cd 40.01)
sag = @ too 1.5asing = Sing Cos(ow!) + 5 ¢ Sider
¢ (Sa) = eof ___ U8a= Cos Covet) sing = Ord Sin(ow!)
Gz O.O1% rad, [101% tan? = Sin(oa
‘
P= O01 rad » J1OIb
2, Over the visible region, the refractive index of a glass is given by the
formulan = c, +c,2, where c; and c2 are material constants. White light passes
through a prism with a 5° apex angle. Determine the difference in the deviation angle
between the extreme red (A=700nm), the green (1.=550nm), and the violet (=400nm)
if cz=3E4 nm’.
'|Assume = thin prism and valid — patakiel approximation
(og = ae
(6+ 1) de a0
Qed ~ APs = (A -1) 4 ~G-04 #G(1 ay
= (ve) (32) ( itor dot)
= — 0.0033 red» -O.17°
Regen - SG =suiZ)( L, - Ws) F-00077 tag =7O.44°
SGed - Merve = Beet 2 stor 7 ay) =~ Oro tad = - 0. 63°3. A collimated beam has an eli ion, wit
‘ iptical cross section, with a semiaxis ratio of 2:
Design a prism system thatcan transform the beam to be cireulan ores
From bere w, - (1 — 7
Jey 7 Sete =
Ae
G7 hay 7 1S? dente
SOE SL st Sith
costé = 4 - WiChs*) (1 -ost4)
Coste cise) ~1] = @lis>) -4
Cosd= 0. 1106
pee eeeeyf
4, The dioptre (D) us a unit of lens or mirror power, equal to 1m”. A planoconvex lens
is known to a power of +3D. ‘The radius of the curved face is measured with a
spherometer, and found to be equal to 22.97 cm. What is the index of refraction of
the glass?
8 GY ee eC)
Cb a) Sam)
ot 34st
02247 On907
N= (0.2907)03) +1}
:
*
i i made of glass
5. A negative meniscus lens has surface radii of +15 and +10 cm, and it is made
with n=l. (a) Sketch the lens. (0) Eid it focal length and power. (c) Verify that
the power is the same if the lens is tumed around so that both radii become negative.
@ <2 694 -Z)
f= Cie) Ge oh)
io,
ofl Che
6. A.4 inch tall object is to be projected onto a screen that is 10 feet away from a thin
lens. Design an optical system that consists of a single lens that produces an image
that is 24 inches tall. (It doesn’t matter if the image is inverted or not.) Ifthe lens has
only one surface that is curved (the other surface is flat), what is the curvature of the
lens if the refractive index of the glass is n=1.5?
B= SCA)
@: (0S)
Sot 20 inches, 9, 508m

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