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Reflection of Light Worksheet.

In this activity you will learn some definitions and the behaviour of light when it
strikes a reflective surface or plane mirror (flat mirror).

Go to activity # 3
1. Click on the introduction and review of reflected light. Watch the animation and
complete the sentence below:

Most surfaces are __________________. This means that light ___________


How do dark and dull surfaces compare to shiny and flat surfaces?

Our eyes see objects because ____________________________________


2. Go to part 2 in activity #3. Let's look at some simple ideas about plane mirrors
and answer the questions below?

What happens to light rays that strike very smooth surfaces?


What can you say about the incoming light and the outgoing light that strikes a
smooth surface?


Can light bend? _________________________________________

How can we see around corners? _____________________________

Mirrors have ______________________________ edges

Images from mirrors are ________________________________

3. Click on part 3 of activity #3. Scroll down to the interactive java on Specular
and Diffuse Reflection of light
This activity is to compare flat and irregular surfaces.

Set the surface colour tab all the way to the left and the surface roughness all the way to
the left. Complete the table below as you change the settings and explore
Colour of light 100% surface Description of specular Description of diffuse
roughness light lght

What trends did you notice about

A) the incoming colour of light and the reflected colour of light?

B) the amounts of specular and diffuse light as the surface roughness changed?

C) Based on this activity how would you define specular light and diffuse light?

4. Exit the above interactive and Go back to the reflection of light page.
Using the picture and text complete the following questions.

1. Define the incident ray and draw a diagram to help you remember what it is.

2. Define the reflected ray and draw a diagram to help you remember what it is.
5. Click on the java tutorial on Reflection of light . You can control the light
colour and the angle of the incident ray

Draw a diagram below to help you remember what the angle of incidence is.

Fiddle with the angle tab and record three observations in the chart below:
Angle of incidence Angel of reflection What do you notice?

If you were going to state a trend about this data what relationship do you see
between the angle of incidence and the angle of reflection?


Is this true for all colours of light? ________________

6. Go to Activity # 2 and click on demonstrations, then go to demonstrations with

plane mirror 2.

What is a normal? _______________________________________

Make to practice readings using the protractor for the table below
Angle of incidence Angle of reflection