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Maximum Marks : 80 Class –Xth Time : 3 Hours

(i) The question paper comprises two sections – A and B. You are to attempt both the sections.
(ii) All questions are compulsory.
(iii) All questions of Section-A and B are to be attempted separately.
(iv) Question numbers 1 and 2 in Section-A are 1 mark question. They are to be answered in one word or
in one sentence.
(v) Question numbers 3 to 5 in Section-A are 2 marks questions. These are to be answered in about 30
words each.
(vi) Question numbers 6 to 15 in Section-A are 3 marks questions. These are to be answered in about 50
words each.
(vii) Question numbers 16 to 21 in Section-A are 5 marks questions. These are to be answered in about 70
words each.
(viii) Question numbers 22 to 27 in Section-B are based on practical skills. Each question is a two marks
question. These are to be answered in brief.

Section - A

1. Name a common nutrient that is absorbed in the small intestine and reabsorbed by the kidney tubules.

2. Draw a ray diagram to show the path of the reflected ray corresponding to an incident ray of light
parallel to the principal axis of a convex mirror and show the angle of incidence and angle of reflection
on it.

3. Explain the following in terms of gain or loss of oxygen with two example
(a) oxidation (b) Reduction

4. The refractive indices of glass and water with respect to air are 3/2 and 4/3 respectively. If
speed of light in glass is 2 x 10 m/s, find the speed of light in water.

5. Name the type of reproduction involved in the following :

(i) A slice of bread has greenish-yellow patches.
(ii) Potato in the store room starts sprouting.

6. With the help of scattering of light, explain the reason for the difference in colours of the Sun as it
appears during sunset/sunrise and noon.

7. An object of height 5 cm is placed perpendicular to the principal axis of a concave lens of focal length
10 cm. If the distance of the object from the optical centre of the lens is 20 cm. determine the position,
nature and size of the image formed using the lens formula.
What is meant by power of a lens? Define its SI unit. You have two lenses A and B of focal lengths
+10 cm and –10 cm, respectively. State the nature and power of each lens. Which of the two lenses will
form a virtual and magnified image of an object placed 8 cm from the lens? Draw a ray diagram to justify
your answer.
8. The position of three elements A, B, C in the periodic table are shown below
Group16 Group 17
– –
– A
– –
(a) State whether A is a metal or non metal
(b) Will C be large or smaller in size than B explain
(c) From A, B & C which one is most non-mettalic

9. Differentiate between Metal and Non-metal on the basis of chemical properties

10. Draw a neat diagram of human brain and label Cerebrum, Medulla and Cerebellum. Write the functions
of the above mentioned parts.
”Both overproduction and underproduction of Growth hormone leads to disorders in the body.” Explain.

11. Write down the three ways of break down of glucose during respiration.

12. Define resistance of a metal wire. Find the equivalent resistance of the combination of resistances 50 
100  and 150  when they are connected in parallel?

13. (a) Give a test that can be used to differentiate between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon
(b) How would you distinguish experimentally between an alcohol and carboxylic acid
Compare the meendleev periodic table and the modern periodic table

14. Explain the phenomenon of biological magnification? How does it affect organisms belonging to
different tropic levels particularly the tertiary consumer?

15. We know there are four main stakeholders when it comes to forests and wildlife. Which among these
should have the authority to decide the management of forest produces? Why do you think so?

16. By making a suitable diagram explain the working of AC generators.

17. Write all the process used for the extraction of pure copper from copper pyrite (Cus)
Write the process of manufacturing of bakery soda & sodium hydroxide write any 4 uses of backing

18. Name the phenomenon that governs the following: -

(i) Green beetles living in green bushes are not eaten by the crows.
(ii) Number of blue beetles in green bushes increases, only because the red beetles living there were
trampled by a herd of elephants.
(iii) No ‘medium height plants’ are obtained in F1 generation, upon crossing pure tall and dwarf pea
(iv) Tails of mice were surgically removed for several generations; still mice had tails in the following
(v) A migrant beetle reproduces with the local population; as a result genes of migrant beetle enter the
new population.
(i) What are fossils?
(ii) Why are fossils considered important in the study of evolution?
(iii) Explain two ways by which age of fossils can be estimated.

19. ‘A’ is the metal which is highly reactive when react with a substance ‘B’ which is a colourless liquid
evolve a gas ‘C’ which burns with pop sound. & if we heat ‘B’ with concentration sulphuric acid it will
produce ‘D’ & ‘E’, here D is a unsaturated hydrocarbon, which upon combustion produce ‘X’ & ‘Y”.
Identify A, B, C, D, E, X & y. Also write all chemical equation

20. A small bulb has a resistance of 2Ω when cold. It takes up a current of 0.4 A from a source of 4V and
then starts glowing. Calculate (i) the resistance of the bulb when it is glowing and
(ii) Elaborate on the reason for the difference in resistance?
(iii) An electric iron of resistance 20Ωtakes a current of 5 A. Calculate the heat developed in 30sec.

21. (i) Draw a labelled diagram of human respiratory system.

(ii) Discuss the mechanism of breathing.

Section - B
22. Equal length of magnesium ribbons are taken in test tubes A & B, here HCl is added in test tube A,
while acetic acid (CH3COOH) is added to test tube B. Amount & concentration for both acid are same.
In which test tube fizzing occur more vigorously & Why?

23. A solution of substance ‘X’ is used for white washing

(a) Name the substance ‘X’& write it’s formula
(b) Write the reaction of substance ‘X’ with water.

24. A student observed a permanent slide showing asexual reproduction in Amoeba. Draw diagrams of the
observations he must have made from the slide. Name the process also.

25. A student conducted an experiment to show ‘Light is necessary for photosynthesis’. List two precautions
that he/she must take for obtaining correct observations.

26. What are the most essential conditions for current flow through the conductor?
Why does the current not flow in the circuit when we take out the plug from key?

27. What would be the reading of ammeter and voltmeter in the given circuit?

Maximum Marks : 80 Class –Xth Time : 3 Hours

(i) All questions are compulsory.

(ii) The question paper consists of 30 questions divided into four sections A, B, C and D.
(iii) Section A contains 6 questions of 1 mark each.
Section B contains 6 questions of 2 marks each.
Section C contains 10 questions of 3 marks each.
Section D contains 8 questions of 4 marks each.
(iv) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in two questions of 1 marks
each , two questions of 2 marks each, four questions of 3 marks each and three questions of 4 marks
each. You have to attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.
(v) Use of calculators is not permitted.


1. A box contains 3 blue, 2 white and 4 red marbles. If a marble is drawn at random from the box, what is
the probability that it will be
(i) White? (ii) Blue?

1 2 1
2. If cot A + = 1 then find the value of cot A +
cot A cot 2 A

3. The decimal expansion of the rational number Will terminate after how many decimal places.
Given that HCF (306, 657) = 9, find LCM (306, 657).

4. Find the value of k for which the quadratic equation (k – 5)x2 + 2(k – 5)x + 2 = 0 have equal roots.
2 2
If one zero of the polynomial p(x) = (a + 9) x + 45x + 6a is reciprocal of the other, find the value of a.

5. Check whether – 150 is a term of the AP : 11, 8, 5, 2….. .

6. Write whether 2 45 – 3 20 on simplification gives a rational or an irrational number.

7. 2002 cartons of Lassi bottles and 2618 cartons of frooti are to be stacked in a class room. If each stack
is of the same height and is to contain cartons of the same type of bottles, what would be the greatest
number of cartons each slack would have?
8. Find the 10 term from the end of the AP : 8, 10, 12, .. 126.

9. The mid-point of line segment is (1, 4). If one end point is (3, 6), find the coordinates of the other end point.

The centroid of a triangle is the point (6, 1). If two vertices of the triangle are (3, 2) and (11, 4), find the
third vertex
10. Prove that the perpendicular at the point of contact to the tangent to a circle passes through the centre.

11. If the point P(x, y) is equidistant from the points A(5, 1) and B(–1, 5) show that 3x = 2y.

3 2
12. If two zeros of the polynomial x – 4x – 3x + 12 are 3 and – 3 , then find its third zero.
2 3 2
Divide 3x – x – 3x + 5 by x – 1 – x and verify the division algorithm.

13. ABC is an isosceles triangle in which AB = AC and BC2 = 2AB2, Prove that ABC is right triangle.

14. Solve graphically the pair of liner equation 4x – 3y = 6 and 7x + 3y = 27

Find the coordinates of the vertices of triangular region formed by these lines and y – axis. Also
calculate area of the triangle

1  tan2   1  tan   2
15. Prove that :  = tan 
1  cot 2   1  cot  

16. Find the value of p, if the mean of the following distribution is 20.
X: 15 17 19 20 + p 23
F: 2 3 4 5p 6

1 1 rd
17. If the seventh term of an AP is and its ninth term is , find its (63) term.
9 7
The first and the last terms of an AP are 17 and 350 respectively. If the common difference is 9, how
many terms are there and what is their sum?

18. Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 5 cm which are inclined to each other at an angle of 60º.

19. The rain water from a roof of 22 m × 20 m drains into a cylindrical vessel having diameter of base 2 m
and heights 3.5 m. If the vessel is just full, find the rainfall in cm.
The radius of the base and the height of a solid right circular cylinder are in the ratio 2 : 3 and its volume
is 1617 cm . find the total surface area of the cylinder.

20. If sin  + cos  = 2 , then prove that tan  + cot  = 2.

21. The length of the minute hand of a clock is 14 cm. Find the area swept by the minute hand in 5 minutes
The shadow of a tower standing on a level ground is found to be 40 m longer when the Sun's altitude is
30° than when it is 60°. Find the height of the tower.

22. Solve 2x + 3y = 11 and 2x – 4y = – 24 and hence find the value of 'm' for which y = mx + 3.
Find the value of 'k', for which the points (7, –2), (5, 1), (3, k) are collinear.


23. Prove that 3 is an irrational number and hence prove that 3 5 – 1 is an irrational number.

24. Abdul travelled 300 km by train and 200 km by taxi, it took him 5 hours 30 minutes. But if he travels
260 km by train and 240 km by taxi he takes 6 minutes longer. Find the speed of the train and that of
the taxi.

25. Prove that : In triangle, if the square of one side is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two
sides, then the angle opposite to the side is a right angle.

26. In given figure, l and m are two parallel tangents at A and B. The tangent at C makes an intercept DE
between l and m. Prove that DFE = 90º
l A D



27. A statue 1.6 m tall stands on the top of pedestal. From a point on the ground, the angle of elevation of
the top of the statue is 60º and from the same point the angle of elevation of the top of pedestal is 45º.
Find the height of the pedestal.

28. The distribution below gives the marks of 100 students of a class
Marks 0-5 5-10 10-15 15-20 20-25 25-30 30-35 35-40
No. of students 4 6 10 10 25 22 18 5
Find Mode.
The lengths of 40 leaves of a plant are measured correct to the nearest millimetre, and the data
obtained is represented in the following table.
Length (in mm) Number of leaves
118-126 3
127-135 5
136-144 9
145-153 12
154-162 5
163-171 4
172-180 2
Find the median of the leaves

29. Prove that the lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal. Using the above,
prove that if a circle touches all the four sides of a parallelogram, show that the parallelogram is a

30. A bucket made up of a metal sheet in the form of a frustum of a cone of height 16 cm with radii of its
lower and upper ends as 8 cm and 20 cm respectively. Find the cost of the bucket, if the cost of the
metal sheet used is ` 15 per 100 cm . (use  = 3.14)
A solid iron pole consists of a cylinder of height 220 cm and base diameter 24 cm, which is surmounted
by another cylinder of height 60 cm and radius 8 cm. Find the mass of the pole, given that 1 cm of iron
has approximately 8g mass. (Use  = 3.14)

Maximum Marks : 80 Class –Xth Time : 3 Hours
I. The question paper is divided into three sections :
SECTION A : Reading 20 MARKS
SECTION B : Writing & Grammar 30 MARKS
SECTION C : Literature 30 MARKS
II. All questions are compulsory.
III. You may attempt any section at a time.
IV. All questions of that particular section must be attempted in the correct order.

Section A : Reading [20 Marks]

1. Read the passage given below and answer any eight of the questions that follow :
[1 × 8 = 8 Marks]
Thornfield Hall was a large gentleman’s house in the country, near a town called Millcote. There, after
my sixteen-hour journey, I was welcomed by Mrs. Fairfax. She was a little old lady, dressed in black,
who seemed glad to have someone else to talk to, apart from the servants. Although the house was
dark and frightening, with its big rooms full of heavy furniture, I was excited at being in a new place, and
looked forward to my new life there, working for kind Mrs. Fairfax.

But I was surprised to discover on my first full day at Thornfield that Mrs. Fairfax was not in fact the
owner, as I had assumed, but the housekeeper, and that my new master was a Mr. Rochester, who was
often away from home. My pupil was a girl called Adele, seven or eight years old, who was born in
France and could hardly speak English. Luckily I had learnt French very well at Lowood, and had no
difficulty in communicating with Adele, a pretty, cheerful child. It appeared that Mr. Rochester, who had
known Adele and her mother very well, had brought Adele back to England to live with him after her
mother had died. I taught her for several hours every day in the library, although it was not easy to make
her concentrate on anything for long, as she was clearly not used to the discipline of lessons.

One day I took the opportunity of asking Mrs. Fairfax a few questions about Mr. Rochester, as I was
curious about him, and the little housekeeper seemed happy to talk.

‘Is he liked by most people ?’ was my first question.

‘Oh yes, his family have always been respected here. They’ve owned the land around here for years,’
she replied.

‘But do you like him ? What is his character like ?’

‘I have always liked him, and I think he’s a fair master to his servants. He’s a little peculiar, perhaps.
He’s travelled a lot, you know. I expect he’s clever, but I can’t tell, really.’

‘What do you mean, peculiar ?’ I asked, interested.

It’s not easy to describe. You’re never sure whether he’s serious or joking. You don’t really understand
him, at least I don’t. But that doesn’t matter, he’s a very good master.’
(a) Why was Mrs. Fairfax glad to receive the narrator ?
(b) Why was the narrator excited ?
(c) What wrong assumption was made by her ?
(d) Why had she come to Thornfield Hall ?
(e) How do we know that Mr. Rochester was a man of noble nature ?
(f) Why was it difficult to make Adele study for long hours ?
(g) Why was Mr. Rochester liked by most people ?
(h) What was peculiar about the nature of Mr. Rochester ?
(f) How does the narrator describe Adele ?

2. Read the passage given below : [12 Marks]

People who smoke are being hounded out of all public places - offices, restaurants, educational
institutions, buses, trains etc. Away from home now it is becoming nearly impossible to find a place to
smoke. Growing restrictions and the fear of various diseases caused by tobacco are prompting many
smokers to stop smoking. Nineteen states in the U.S. have made laws against smoking.

Taxes on tobacco products are being raised. Smoking is banned at several places. Still the number of
smokers is rising in India. More than 25 crore people in India are addicted to tobacco. And according to
a WHO report around half of them will die of tobacco related diseases. Unfortunately most people in
India still need a strict warning based on a test report before they decide to give up smoking. Patients
too seek medical help only after they show serious symptoms of an illness. Some hospitals have set up
centres to identify risk factors among the young so that they can take preventive measures like giving
up smoking early in life.

Tobacco is the second biggest cause of death in the world. It is responsible for the death of five crore
people each year all over the world. Half of the people who are addicted to tobacco will ultimately be
killed by this addiction. Many people get rid of this habit on their own and those who are willing to, but
can’t, go to de addiction centres. These centres use counselling, nicotine replacement therapy and
prescriptive drugs to deal with withdrawal problems.

Quitting cold turkey - stopping the use of tobacco at once - works well but only for those who have
control and determination to quit.

(2.1) On the basis of your understanding of the passage answer any four of the following questions :
[2 × 4 = 8 Marks]
(a) For which two reasons do smokers give up smoking ?
(b) Name two steps taken in India against smoking.
(c) Why is the situation unfortunate in India ?
(d) How do people get rid of smoking ?
(e) What does ‘cold turkey’ mean ?

(2.2) Complete any two of the following statements : [1 × 2 = 2 Marks]

(f) In the U.S.,____ states have passed laws against smoking.
(g) More than _____ in India are addicted to tobacco. .
(h) Tobacco is the _____biggest killer in the world.

(2.3) Choose the meanings of the given words/phrases from the options that follow each word/phrase :
(any two) [1 × 2 = 2 Marks]

(i) hounded out

(i) driven out (ii) given out (iii) washed (iv) endangered

(j) restrictions
(i) checks (ii) imitations (iii) failures (iv) defeats

(k) prompting
(i) abusing (ii) initiating (iii) empowering (iv) encouraging

Section B : Writing & Grammar [30 Marks]

3. You are Arun/Anita, 22 New Light Colony, Guwahati. The park in your colony has not been maintained
properly for quite some time. Write a letter in 100-120 words to the Chief Officer, Horticulture Dept,
complaining against the park incharge for not doing his duty properly. You may use the following points :
[8 Marks]
• boundary wall broken
• flower beds but no flowers
• no proper cutting of hedges
You are Ms. Alka Rao, Manager, S.J. Public School, Guntur. Place an order in 100-120 words with
Janatha Garments, Station Road, for 200 trekking suits for your students. Ask for a discount and an
early delivery.

4. Write a story in 200-250 words based on the following clues : [10 Marks]
A house full of rats - happy - a cat comes - rats in danger - how to warn - a small rat - tie a bell - bell
ringing - warning - an elder rat - who will bell the cat ?
It was a dark night. We had lost our way among the fields. Then I saw a light in the distance. We started
walking in that direction………

5. Fill in any four of the blanks in the sentences given below choosing the most appropriate options from
the ones that follow. Write the answers in your answer-sheet against the correct blank numbers :
[1 × 4 = 4 Marks]
One morning not (a)__________ days later, as I was leaving the house, I was started (b)__________
find Mini, seated on a bench near (c)__________ door, laughing (d)__________ talking (e)__________
the great Cabuliwala.

(a) (i) little (ii) many (iii) much (iv) more

(b) (i) off (ii) on (iii) to (iv) of
(c) (i) all (ii) the (iii) a (iv) an
(d) (i) and (ii) but (iii) yet (iv) since
(e) (i) by (ii) at (iii) for (iv) with

6. The following paragraph has not been edited. There is an error in each line. Identify the error, write it
and its correction as shown in the example : (any four) [1x4 = 4 Marks]
Error Correction

Wisdom come through reading. (a) ______ ______

Those who reads live a thousand (b) ______ ______
lives; those who doesn’t read live (c) ______ ______
only one. Books opens our minds (d) ______ ______
and taught us what no one else can. (e) ______ ______

7. Rearrange the following words/phrases to form meaningful sentences. (any four) [1x4 = 4 Marks]
(a) drink/we/ unclean/must/ water/not.
(b) by/may/unclean/we/sick/water/drinking/fall
(c) people/for/of/lack/water/clean/thousands/die/year/every
(d) need/water/was/be/clean/will/is/always/and/basic/our
(e) government/our/making/provide/us/to/is/efforts/water/clean

Section C : Literature 30 [Marks]

8. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow : [1× 4 = 4 Marks]
Narcsh Dutt cast an appraising look at Patol Babu and gave a nod. ‘Oh yes’, he said. There is no doubt
about that. By the way. the shooting takes place tomorrow morning’.
(a) Who is Naresh Dutt ?
(b) Why has he come to meet Patol Babu ?
(c) What do his words ‘Oh yes’ mean ?
(d) What is meant by ‘shooting’ ?
But I am constant as the northern star,
Of whose true-fix’d and resting quality
There is no fellow in the firmament.
(a) Who is the speaker ?
(b) What is the northern star ?
(c) What is special about it ?
(d) What is firmament ?

9. Answer any four of the following in 30-40 words each : [2 × 4 = 8 Marks]

(a) How does Shakespeare immortalize his friend ?
(b) Comment on “Virtually True” as a piece of science fiction.
(c) “My name is Ozymandias, king of kings.” What docs Ozymandias mean by ‘king of kings’ ?
(d) “I have something to expiate” What does the poet have to expiate?
(e) Bring out the irony in the title “Dear Departed”.

10. Answer the following in 100-200 words : [8 Marks]

How does Antony avenge Caesar’s assassination?
Animal life is as sacred as human life. Describe how ancient mariner and other sailors suffered because
the ancient mariner had killed the albatross.

11. Answer the following question in 200-250 words : [10 Marks]

Describe Helen Keller’s experience at Radcliffe.
Describe Helen’s parents’ role in her life.
How does Anne mature as her diary progresses ?
Attempt a character sketch of Margot.

Maximum Marks : 80 Class –X Time : 3 Hours
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) The question paper consists of 26 questions divided into four sections A, B, C and D.
(iii) Section A contains 7 questions of 1 mark each.
Section B contains 11 questions of 3 marks each.
Section C contains 7 questions of 5 marks each.
Section D contains 1 question of 5 marks (Map works).

1. What is referred to as El Dordo which attracted traveller ? [1 Mark]
Who were the Gomasthas ?
Name two Acts passed in England to keep the children out of industrial world.

2. How was the use of print diversified in 17th century China ? [1 Mark]
When was Pariksha Guru written ?

3. What is Infant Mortality Rate ? [1 Mark]

4. Name some occupations where problem of under employment prevails. [1 Mark]

5. What is collateral ? [1 Mark]

6. What do you mean by political reform ? [1 Mark]

7. Name any two states where over irrigation is responsible for land degradation. [1 Mark]


8. How did the silk route help in trade & cultural exchange ? [3 Marks]
How was proto-industrialisation different from factory production ?
Mention the steps taken to clean up London.

9. Describe the roll of scribes in the production of books in early medieval period ? [3 Marks]
What were the advantages of serialised novel?
10. ‘Money cannot buy all the goods and services that one needs to live well.’ Explain. [3 Marks]

11. What are the objectives of NREGA 2005. [3 Marks]

12. In what way does RBI supervise the functioning of the banks. [3 Marks]

13. Discuss the salient features of Consumer Protection Act 1986. [3 Marks]

14. “Judiciary plays an important role in Indian Federation”. Prove the statement. [3 Marks]

15. What are the basis of social differences ? [3 Marks]

16. In what ways women’s role was improved in public life ? [3 Marks]

17. “Need of the hour is to conserve and manage our water resources”. Mention any four reasons.
[3 Marks]

18. What are National Highways ? What is their importance ? [3 Marks]


19. Mention the main factors responsible for the rise of nation state. [5 Marks]
Examine the various stages of the growth of nationalism in Vietnam.

20. Examine the main features of peasant Movement during Civil Disobedience movement. [5 Marks]
What is meant by ’Satyagraha’? How did Gandhiji apply the idea of ‘Satyagraha’ in our country?

21. What are the positive and negative impact of globalisation ? [5 Marks]
“Rapid improvement in technology has been one major factor that has stimulated the globalisation
process”. Explain.

22. What are the advantages and disadvantages of political parties ? [5 Marks]
“Opposition is important for democracy”. comment.

23. “To accommodate social diversities democracy must fulfill some basic conditions” Explain the basic
conditions. [5 Marks]
How do we assess democracy’s outcome ?

24. Distinguish between : [5 Marks]

(i) Rabi and Kharif crop.
(ii) Tea and coffee.

25. Why is the iron and steel industry called a basic and heavy industry. [5 Marks]


26. (A) On the given political outline map of India, mark and locate the following: [5 Marks]
(i) A place associated with ‘No Tax Campaign’.
(ii) An incident took place here, due to which the non-Cooperation movement was called off.
(B) There features (iii), (iv) and (v) are marked on the map. Identify them and write their names in the
space provided
(iii) An international airport
(iv) An iron and steel plant
(v) A software technology park in Jammu and Kashmir

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esa viuk ,d fof'k"V Lfkku j[krh gSA Hkkjrh; laLd`fr dk bfrgkl cgqr Ákphu gSA okLro esa] laLd`fr dk
fuekZ.k ,d yach ijaijk ds ckn gksrk gSA laLd`fr oLrqr% fopkj vkSj vkpj.k ds os fu;e vkSj ewY; gSa] ftUgsa
dksbZ lekt vius vrhr ls ÁkIr djrk gSA blfy, dgk tk ldrk gS fd bls ge vius vrhr ls fojklr ds
:i esa ÁkIr djrs gSaA nwljs 'kCnksa esa dgs rks laLd`fr ,d fof'k"V thou&'kSyh dk uke gSA ;g ,d lkekftd
fojklr gS] tks ijaijk ls pyh vk jgh gSA
Ák;% lH;rk vkSj laLd`fr vkSj laLd`fr dks ,d gh eku fy;k tkrk gS] ijarq blesa Hksn gSA lH;rk esa euq"; ds
thou dk HkkSfrd i{k Á/kku gksrk gS vFkkZr~ lH;rk dk vuqeku lq[k&lqfo/kkvksa ls yxk;k tk ldrk gSA blds
foijhr laLd`fr esa vkpkj vkSj fopkj i{k dh Á/kkurk gksrh gSA bl Ádkj lH;rk dks 'kjhj ekuk tk ldrk gS
rFkk laLd`fr dks vkRekA blfy, bu nksuksa dks vyx&vyx djds ugha ns[kk tk ldrkA okLro esa] nksuksa
,d&nwljs ds iwjd gSaA
¼d½ ÁLrqr x|ka'k ds vk/kkj ij *vusdrk esa ,drk* ds vfHkÁk; dks Li"V djsaA [2 Marks]
¼[k½ Hkkjrh; laLd`fr dk fo'o esa egŸoiw.kZ LFkku D;ksa gS\ [2 Marks]
¼x½ lH;rk ,oa laLd`fr esa D;k varj gS\ Li"V dhft,A [2 Marks]
¼?k½ fuEufyf[kr 'kCnksa ds lekukFkZd 'kCn fyf[k, [1 Marks]
(i) vkpj.k (ii) fuekZ.k
¼³½ ÁLrqr x|ka'k dk lokZf/kd mi;qDr 'kh"kZd fyf[k,A [1 Mark]
2. fuEufyf[kr dkO;ka'k dks /;kuiwoZd i<+dj iwNs x, Á'uksa ds mŸkj 20 'kCnksa esa fyf[k, [7 Marks]
NksM+ks er viuh vku] lhl dV tk,]
er >qdks vu; ij] Hkys O;kse QV tk,A
nks ckj ugha ;ejkt daB /kjrk gS]
ejrk gS tks] ,d ckj gh ejrk gSA
rqe Lo;a ej.k ds eq[k ij pj.k /kjks jsA
thuk gks rks ejus ls ugha Mjks jsA
Lokra«; tkfr dh yxu] O;fDr dh /kqu gS]
Ckkgjh oLrq ;g ugha] Hkhrjh xq.k gSA
ur gq, fcuk tks v'kfu&?kkr lgrh gSA
Lok/khu txr esa ogh tkfr jgrh gSA
ohjRo NksM+] er ij dk pj.k xgks jsA
tks iM+s vku] [kqn gh lc vku lgks jsA
nklRo tgk¡ gS] ogha LrC/k thou gS]
Lokra«; fujarj lej] lukru j.k gSA
Lokra«; leL;k ugha vkt ;k dy dh]
Tkkx`fr rhoz ;g ?kM+h&?kM+h] iy&iy dhA
igjs ij pkjksa vksj lrdZ yxks jsA
/kj /kuq"k&ck.k m|r fnu&jkr txks jsA
¼d½ ^er >qdks vu; ij^ ds ek/;e ls dfo D;k dguk pkgrk gSA [1 Mark]
¼[k½ fuEu 'kCnksa ds vFkZ fyf[k, [1 Mark]
(i) O;kse (ii) Lok/khu
¼x½ ÁLrqr dkO;ka'k ds vuqlkj] O;fDr dks ejus ls D;ksa ugha Mjuk pkfg,\ [1 Mark]
¼?k½ ns'k dh Lora=rk dks cuk, j[kus ds fy, D;k fd;k tkuk pkfg,\ [2 Marks]
¼M+½ ÁLrqr dkO;ka'k ds ek/;e ls dfo D;k Ásj.kk nsuk pkgrk gS\ [2 Marks]

[k.M ^[k*&O;kdj.k
3. fuEufyf[kr okD;ksa dks funsZ'kkuqlkj ifjofrZr dhft, [1 × 3 = 3 Marks]
¼d½ vf/kd i<+us ij vf/kd ykHk gksxkA
¼feJ okD; esa ifjofrZr dhft,½
¼[k½ ehjk dks yky fepZ [kkus ds dkj.k fgpfd;k¡ vkus yxhaA
¼la;qDr okD; esa ifjofrZr dhft,½
¼x½ ,d ,slk i= fy[kks] ftlesa Ldwy Qhl ekQ+ djkus ds fy, ÁkFkZuk dh xbZ gksA
¼ljy okD; esa ifjofrZr dhft,½
4. funsZ'kkuqlkj okD; cnfy, [1 x 4 = 4 Marks]
¼d½ fdlku [ksrksa esa dhVuk'kd nokb;ksa dk fNM+dko djrs gSaA ¼deZokP; esa cnfy,½
¼[k½ jktk }kjk Átk dks d"V fn, x,A ¼drZ`okP; esa cnfy,½
¼x½ lksgu ugha pyrk gSA ¼HkkookP; esa cnfy,½
¼?k½ ,Mhlu us cYc cuk;kA ¼deZokP; esa cnfy,½
5. js[kkafdr inksa dk in ifjp; fyf[k, [1 x 4 = 4 Marks]
¼d½ gqlSu vkt fnYyh tk,xkA
¼[k½ ckt+kj ls dqN lkeku ys vkvksA
¼x½ eSa rst+ pyrk gw¡A
¼?k½ og dkSu gS\
6. fuEufyf[kr Á'uksa ds mŸkj nhft, [1 x 4 = 4 Marks]
¼d½ fuEu dkO; iafDr;ksa esa fufgr jl crkb,
Þflj ij cSB~;ks dkx] vk¡f[k nksm [kkr fudkjr]
[khapr thHkfga L;kj] vfrfg vkuan mj /kkjrAß
¼[k½ fuosZn fdl jl dk LFkk;h Hkko gSa\
¼x½ vuqHkko ls vki D;k le>rs gSa\
¼?k½ fuEu dkO; iafDr;ksa esa fufgr jl crkb,
Þcrjl ykyp yky dh] eqjyh /kjh yqdk;A
lkSag djs] HkkSagfu g¡ls] nSu dgS] ufV tk;AAß

[k.M ^x*&ikB~;iqLrd o iwjd iqLrd

7. fuEufyf[kr x|ka'k ds vk/kkj ij fn, x, ÁR;sd Á'u dk mŸkj yxHkx 20 'kCnksa esa fyf[k, [5 Marks]
gkynkj lkgc dks ikuokys }kjk ,d ns'kHkDr dk bl rjg et+kd mM+k;k tkuk vPNk ugha yxkA ,d csgn
cw<+k efj;y&lk y¡xM+k vkneh flj ij xka/kh Vksih vkSj vk¡[kksa ij dkyk p'ek yxk, ,d gkFk esa ,d
NksVh&lh lanwdph vkSj nwljs gkFk esa ,d ck¡l ij V¡xs cgqr&ls p'es fy, vHkh&vHkh ,d xyh ls fudyk Fkk
vkSj vc ,d can nqdku ds lgkjs viuk ck¡l fVdk jgk Fkk] rks bl cspkjs dh nqdku Hkh ugha! Qsjh yxkrk gS!
gkynkj lkgc pDdj esa iM+ x,A iwNuk pkgrs Fks] bls dSIVu D;ksa dgrs gSa\ D;k ;gh bldk okLrfod uke
gS\ ysfdu ikuokys us lkQ+ crk fn;k Fkk fd vc og bl ckjs esa vkSj ckr djus dks rS;kj ughaA
¼d½ ÁLrqr x|ka'k esa *ns'kHkDr* fdls dgk x;k gS vkSj D;ksa\ [2 Marks]
¼[k½ gkynkj lkgc fdls ns[kdj vk'p;Zpfdr gks x, vkSj D;ksa\ [2 Marks]
¼x½ gkynkj lkgc dks D;k ckr vPNh ugha yxh\ [1 Mark]

8. fuEufyf[kr Á'uksa ds mŸkj yxHkx 20 'kCnksa esa fyf[k, [2 x 4 = 8 Marks]

¼d½ fcfLeYyk [kk¡ dks 'kgukbZ dh eaxy /ofu dk uk;d D;ksa dgk x;k gS\ *ukScr[kkus esa bcknr* ikB ds
vk/kkj ij Li"V dhft,A
¼[k½ og dkSu&lh ?kVuk Fkh ftls lquus ij ysf[kdk dks u viuha vk¡[kksa ij fo'okl gks ik;k vkSj u vius
dkuksa ij\ *,d dgkuh ;g Hkh* ikB ds vk/kkj ij mŸkj nhft,A
¼x½ Þmudk csVk chekj gS] bldh [k+cj j[kus dh yksxksa dks dgk¡ QqlZrß& dFku }kjk ys[kd D;k dguk pkgrk
gS\ *ckyxksfcu Hkxr* ikB ds vk/kkj ij mŸkj nhft,A
¼?k½ *usrkth dk p'ek* ikB ds vk/kkj ij crkb, fd dSIVu dkSu Fkk\ mls dkSu&lh ckr vkgr djrh Fkh\
blls dSIVu dh dkSu&lh fo'ks"krk ÁdV gksrh gS\

9. fuEufyf[kr i|ka'k ds vk/kkj ij fn, x, ÁR;sd Á'u dk mŸkj yxHkx 20 'kCnksa esa fyf[k, [5 Marks]
rqe eq>s ik, ugha igpku\
ns[krs gh jgksxs vfues"k!
Fkd x, gks\
vk¡[k yw¡ eSa Qsj\
D;k gqvk ;fn gks lds ifjfpr u igyh ckj\
;fn rqEgkjh ek¡ u ek/;e cuh gksrh vkt
eSa u ldrk ns[k
eSa u ikrk tku
rqEgkjh ;g narqfjr eqldkuA
¼d½ cPps vkSj dfo ds chp igpku fdlus djkbZ\ Li"V dhft,A [2 Marks]
¼[k½ dfo cPps dh vksj ls vk¡[ksa Qsj ysus dks D;ksa dgrk gS\ [2 Marks]
¼x½ cPpk fdlh dks ?kwjdj D;ksa ns[krk gS\ [1 Mark]
10. fuEufyf[kr Á'uksa ds mŸkj yxHkx 20 'kCnksa esa fyf[k, [2 x 4 = 8 Marks]
¼d½ ^jke&y{e.k&ij'kqjke laokn^ esa iwjs izlax esa O;aX; dk vuwBk lkSan;Z gSA mnkgj.k ds lkFk Li"V dhft,A
¼[k½ ^^Å/kkS Hkys yksx vkxs ds] ij fgr Mksyr /kkj.k** & iafDr ds }kjk xksfi;k¡ D;k crkuk pkgrh gS\lwjnkl ds
inksa ds vk/kkj ij crkb,A
¼x½ laxrdkj eq[; xk;d dh vis{kk viuk lqj nck gqvk D;ks j[krk gS\
¼?k½ dfo us dfBu ;FkkFkZ ds iwtu dh ckr D;ksa dgh gS\ *Nk;k er Nwuk* dfork ds vk/kkj ij mÙkj nhft,A

11. *ekrk dk v¡py* ikB ds vk/kkj ij crkb, fd rRdkyhu o orZeku le; esa cPpksa dh [ksy lkefxz;ksa esa D;k
ifjorZu vk, gS\ cPpksa ds [ksyksA esa gw, ifjorZuksa dk muds ewY;ksa ij fdruk izHkko iMk gS\ 150 'kCnksa esa
tkWtZ iape dh ukd ikB dk ifjp; 150 'kCnksa esa fyf[k,A [4 Marks]

[k.M ^?k*&jpuk
12. fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdlh ,d fo"k; ij fn, x, ladsr fcanqvksa ds vk/kkj ij yxHkx 200&250 'kCnksa esa fuca/k
fyf[k, [10 Marks]
1- le; dk lnqi;ksx
laadsr fcanq  Hkwfedk  le; dh mis{kk dk ifj.kke  lQy thou dk jgL;

2- [ksydwn dk egRo
laadsr fcanq  [ksydwn dh vko';drk  [ksydwn ls YkkHk  lexz O;fDrRo dk fodkl

3- Q-S 'ku dh c<rh izo`fÙk

laadsr fcanq  Hkwfedk  Q
- S 'ku dh izklafxdrk  ;qok oxZ ij izHkko

13. fe= ds ekrk&firk dk cl&nq?kZVuk eas fu/ku gksus ij ,d laosnuk i= fyf[k,A [5 Marks]
vius fo|ky; ds iz/kkukpk;Z dks ,d i= fyf[k,] ftlesa Ldwy ds vanj LoPNrk vfHk;ku dh ppkZ dh xbZ
14. fdlh xkjesaV~l ds ekfyd dh vksj ls diM+ks dh lsy dk foKkiu 50 'kCnksa eas rS;kj dhft,A [5 Marks]
jDrnku f'kfoj ds vk;kstu laca/kh lwpuk nsus gsrq 50 'kCnksa esa foKkiu rS;kj dhft,A

okf"kZd ijh{kk
fo"k; – fgUnh *c*
vf/kdre vad : 80 d{kk –Xth le; : 3 ?k.Vs
lkekU; funsZ'k 01-02-2019
(i) lHkh iz'u djuk vfuok;Z gS-
(ii) bl iz'u i= esa pkj [k.M fn;s x;s gS & d] [k] x] ?k
(iii) ;FkklaHko izR;sd [k.M ds iz'uksa ds mRrj Øe'k% nhft,A

[k.M ^d*&vifBr x|ka'k

1. fuEufyf[kr x|ka'k dks /;kuiwoZd i<+dj iwNs x, Á'uksa ds mŸkj 20&30 'kCnksa esa fyf[k, [9 Marks]
f'k{kk dk vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e (2009) Hkkjrh; bfrgkl esa ifjorZuxkeh psruk dk okgd gSA blds ykxw gksus ls
f'k{kk ,d lkekftd Øakfr ds :i esa mHkjdj lkeus vkbZ gSA 16 Qjojh] 2010 dks tkjh vf/klwpuk ds vk/kkj
ij 1 vizSy] 2010 ls ;g Hkkjro"kZ ds vanj izHkko'khy gSA blds vanj ;g O;oLFkk dh xbZ gS fd 6 ls 14 o"kZ
dh voLFkk ds cPpksa dks fu%'kqYd f'k{kk miyC/k djokbZ tk,A blesa fdlh Hkh izdkj dh vlekurk dk Hkko
fnXnf'kZr ugha djuk gSA ns'k ds vUnj lcdks f'k{kk vkSj bldh vfuok;Zrk ij fo'ks"k cy iznku fd;k x;k gSA
bl vf/kfu;e ds varxZr 6 ls 14 o"kZ ds lHkh cPpksa dk 'kr-izfr'kr ukekadu] 'kr-izfr'kr mifLFkr o izkjafHkd
f'k{kk iw.kZ djkus dh laoS/kkfud vfuok;Zrk jkT; ljdkj dh uSfrd ftEesnkjh gSA blesa tks Hkh laHko gks ldsxk]
vkfFkZd o jktuhfrd Lrj ij dsaUnz ljdkj] jkT; ljdkj dks enn eqgS;k djk,xh] ftldh :ijs[kk jkT;
ljdkj dks izkjaHk esa gh izLrqr djuh gksxhA
blds varxZr cPpksa dks 'kkjhfjd naM nsus dh dqizFkk ,oa ekufld :i ls izrkfM+r djuk izfrcaf/kr gSA leLr
cPpksa ds fy, muds fu/kkZfjr iM+ksl esa f'k{kk dh lqfo/kk miyC/k djkuk ljdkj dh ftEesnkjh curh gSA bl rjg
ls lkekftd ifjorZu ds :i esa ^f'k{kk dk vf/kdkj^ dq'kyrkiwoZd viuh lgHkkfxrk vfHkO;Dr dj jgk gSA
(i) lkekftd Økafr ds :i esa f'k{kk mHkjdj dSls lkeus vkbZ gS\ [2 Marks]
(ii) fu%'kqYd f'k{kk ls D;k vfHkizk; gS\ [2 Marks]
(iii) 'kr-izfr'kr ukekadu vkSj 'kr-izfr'kr mifLFkfr ls D;k Li"V gksrk gS\ [2 Marks]
(iv) ^dqizFkk^ 'kCn ls milxZ o ewy 'kCn vyx-vyx dhft,A [2 Marks]
(v) izLrqr x|ka'k dk mi;qDr 'kh"kZd rdZ lfgr fyf[k,A [1 Mark]

2. fuEufyf[kr dkO;ka'k dks /;kuiwoZd i<+dj iwNs x, Á'uksa ds mŸkj 20&30 'kCnksa esa fyf[k, [6 Marks]
lp gS] foifÙk tc vkrh gS]
dk;j dks gh ngykrh gS]
lwjek ugha fopfyr gksrs]
{k.k ,d ugha /khjt [kksrs]
fo?uksa dks xys yxkrs gS]
dk¡Vksa esa jkg cukrs gSaA
eq¡g ls u dHkh mQ dgrs gS]
ladV dk pj.k u xgrs gS]
tks vk iM+rk lc lgrs gSa]
m|ksx-fujr fur jgrs gS]
'kwyksa dk ewy ulkrs gS]
c<+ Lo;a foifÙk ij Nkrs gSA
gS dkSu fo?u ,slk tx esa]
fVd lds vkneh ds ex esa]
[ke Bksd Bsyrk gS tc uj]
ioZr ds tkrs ik¡o m[kM+]
ekuo tc tksj yxkrk gS]
iRFkj ikuh cu tkrk gSA
(i) lwjekvksa dh igpku D;k gS\ [2 Marks]
(ii) vkneh dh lkeF;Z dk fdl :i esa o.kZu fd;k x;k gS\ [2 Marks]
(iii) i|ka'k dk dsUnzh; Hkko fyf[k,¡ [2 Marks]

[k.M ^[k*&O;kdj.k

3. 'kCn o in esa varj fy[kksa [2 Marks]

4. funsZ'kkuqlkj okD; ifjofrZr dhft, [1 × 3 = 3 Marks]

¼d½ xjhcksa dk 'kks"k.k djus okys] xjhcksa dk nq%[k D;k le>saxs\
¼fefJr okD; esa ifjofrZr dhft,½
¼[k½ tc pksj dks ekSdk feyk] rc og Hkkx x;kA
¼la;qDr okD; esa ifjofrZr dhft,½
¼x½ ogk¡ ,d uydwi gS] tks fctyh ls pyrk gSA
¼jpuk ds vk/kkj ij okD; Hksn crkb,½

5. (i) lekl-foxzg dj lekl dk uke fyf[k, [1 × 2 = 2 Marks]

¼d½ fxjgdV ¼[k½ egknso
(ii) leLr-in cukdj lekl dk uke fyf[k, [1 × 2 = 2 Marks]
¼d½ ;q) esa fLFkj ¼[k½ otz tSls vax

6. fuEufyf[kr okD;ksa ds 'kq) :i fyf[k, [1 × 4 = 4 Marks]

¼d½ nwj ls xnZ mBrk fn[kkbZ ns jgh gSA
¼[k½ og NksM+dj mB [kM+s gq, HkkstuA
¼x½ mudh O;kogkfjd lw>cw> gh vkxs vkus yxrk gSA
¼?k½ og pkSjkgs ds cktkj ls xqtjkA

7. fuEufyf[kr eqgkojksa dk vius okD;ksa esa bl izdkj iz;ksx djsa fd mudk vFkZ Li"V gks tk,
[1 × 2 = 2 Marks]
¼d½ nk¡rksa rys m¡xyh nckuk
¼[k½ t+ehu ij ik¡o ugha iM+uk

Vibrant Academy (I) Pvt. Ltd. "A-14(A)" Road No.1, IPIA, Kota (Raj.) Ph. 0744-2425408 ( 2
[k.M ^x*&ikB~;iqLrd o iwjd iqLrd
8. fuEufyf[kr iz'uksa ds mÙkj 20-30 'kCnksa esa fyf[k, [5 Marks]
¼d½ ^Mk;jh dk ,d iUuk^ ikB ds vk/kkj ij crkb, fd tqywl ds ykyckt+kj vkus ij yksxksa dh D;k n'kk gqb\Z
[2 Marks]
¼[k½ iwjs lalkj dks ,d ifjokj ds leku crk;k gS D;ksa\ ^vc dgk¡ nwljs ds nq%[k ls nq%[kh gksus okys^ ikB ds
vk/kkj ij crkb,A [2 Marks]
¼x½ ^fxUuh dk lksuk^ ikB ds vk/kkj ij crkb, fd 'kq) vkn'kZ dk D;k vFkZ gS\ [1 Mark]

9. ^^cM+s HkkbZ lkgc^ uked dgkuh gesa thou dh vuds lPpkb;ksa ls voxr djkrh gSA^^ bl dFku ds vk/kkj ij Li"V
dhft,A izLrqr dgkuh ls vkidks D;k f'k{kk feyrh gSA yxHkx 100 'kCnksa esa mÙkj fyf[k,A [5 Marks]
dkjrwl dgkuh dk mn~ns'; yxHkx 100 'kCnksa esa mÙkj fyf[k,A

10. fuEufyf[kr iz'ukas ds mÙkj 20-30 'kCnkas esa fyf[k, [5 Marks]

¼d½ euq"; dks fdl ckr dk vfHkeku ugha djuk pkfg,\ ^euq";rk^ dfork ds vk/kkj ij Li"V dhft,A
[2 Marks]
¼[k½ ^rksi^ dfork gesa D;k lans'k nsrh gS\ [2 Marks]
¼x½ fcgkjh ds nksgksa ds vk/kkj ij crkb, fd Nk;k Hkh dc Nk;k <w¡<us yxrh gS\ [1 Mark]

11. dchj dh lkf[k;ksa ls gesa D;k f'k{kk feyrh gS\ yxHkx 100 'kCnksa esa mŸkj fyf[k,A [5 Marks]
euq";rk dfork dk mn~ns'; Li"V dhft,
12. gfjgj dkdk ikB dk mn~ns'; yxHkx 150 'kCnksa esa fyf[k, [5 Marks]
ys[kd us ekuoh; laca/kksa dh fdl lPpkbZ dks izdV fd;k gS\ ^Vksih 'kqDyk^ ikB ds vk/kkj ij Li"V dhft,A
yxHkx 150 'kCnkas esa mÙkj fyf[k,A
[k.M ^?k*&jpuk
13. fn, x, ladsr fcanqvksa ds vk/kkj ij fuEufyf[kr fo"k;kas esa ls fdlh ,d fo"k; ij 80-100 'kCnksa esa vuqPNsn
fyf[k, [5 Marks]
1. foKku gekjs thou dk vk/kkj
ladsr fcanq foKku dk thou esa LFkku
foKku ds ykHk o gkfu
lgh fn'kk esa mi;ksx
2. fu/kZurk
ladsr fcanq fu/kZurk ,d vfHk'kki
fu/kZurk ds dkj.k
fu/kZurk dk nq"ifj.kke
3. lRlaxfr ds ykHk
ladsr fcanq lRlaxfr ds vFkZ
lRlaxfr dk izHkko
lRlaxfr ds ykHk
Vibrant Academy (I) Pvt. Ltd. "A-14(A)" Road No.1, IPIA, Kota (Raj.) Ph. 0744-2425408 ( 3
14. fgalk Á/kku fQ+Yeksa ds lekt ij iM+rs nq"ÁHkko ij vius fopkj ÁdV djrs gq, *vej mtkyk* lekpkj&i= ds
laiknd dks yxHkx 100 'kCnksa esa i= fyf[k,A [5 Marks]
vius uxj ds LokLF; vf/kdkjh dks yxHkx 100 'kCnksa esa i= fy[kdj pkjksa vksj O;kIr xanxh] mlds
nq"ifj.kke vkSj mlls NqVdkjk ikus ds mik;ksa ds ckjs esa crkb,A

15. vki Mh- ,- oh- ifCyd Ldwy] }kjdk] ubZ fnYyh dh Nk=k lhek lgk; gSaA ^i;kZoj.k cpkvksa^ uked
xSj-ljdkjh laxBu dh egklfpo gksus ds ukrs bl laxBu esa 'kkfey gksus ds fy, fo|kfFkZ;ksa ls vihy djrs
gq, 25-30 'kCnkas esa lwpuk fyf[k,A [5 Marks]
vki loksZn; dU;k fo|ky; dh iz/kkukpk;kZ va'kq 'kekZ gSA vkids fo|ky; esa gks jgh dfork izfr;ksfxrk esa vU;
fo|ky; ds Nk=ksa ds vkea=.k gsrq 25-30 'kCnksa esa ,d lwpuk rS;kj dhft,A

16. [ksy izfr;ksfxrk ds fo"k; ij v/;kid ,oa fo|kFkhZ ds chp gksus okys laokn dks yxHkx 50 'kCnksa esa fyf[k,A
[5 Marks]
ijh{kk dh rS;kjh dks ysdj nks fe=ksa esa e/; gksus okys laokn dks yxHkx 50 'kCnksa esa fyf[k,A

17. fdlh jkT; ds i;ZVu foHkkx dh vksj ls jkT; esa i;ZVu dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, ,d foKkiu 50 'kCnkas esa
rS;kj dhft,A [5 Marks]
fdlh Lo;alsoh laLFkk dh vksj ls jDrnku f'kfoj ds vk;kstu gsrq 50 'kCnksa esa ,d foKkiu rS;kj dhft,A

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