Marty Haschak Chapter 12: Industrialization Acid rain: is rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, i.e.
elevated levels of hydrogen ions (low pH). It can have harmful effects on plants, aquatic animals, and infrastructure through the process of wet deposition.
Economies of agglomeration: is used in urban economics to describe the benefits that firms obtain when locating near each other ('agglomerating'). This concept relates to the idea of economies of scale and network effects. Simply put, as more firms in related industries cluster together, costs of production may decline significantly (firms have competing multiple suppliers, greater specialization and division of labor result).
Air pollution: is the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms, or damages the natural environment into the atmosphere.
Aluminum Industry : U.S. companies are the largest single producer with plants in 35 states producing about $39.1 billion in products and exports. U.S. supply is comprised of three sources, primary, imports and recycled. Important because it is a large industry that is important in transportation, packaging and building and construction.
Assembly line: is a manufacturing process in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added to a product in a sequential manner using optimally planned logistics to create a finished product much faster than with handcrafting-type methods.
Canadian industrial Heartland
Carrier Efficiency: the efficiency of a carrier in handling goods/ industry.
Comparative advantage: refers to the ability of a party (an individual, a firm, or a country) to produce a particular good or service at a lower opportunity cost than another party.
often at a profit. wind. These changes apply to a whole set of variables as a consequence of the multiplier effect. more jobs both in that factory and in ancillary and service industries in the area. They tend to be time-related. attract more industry. geothermal.
. and foster respect for different cultures and for human rights. wood. such as salaries or rents being paid per month.
Export Processing Zone (EPZ): is an area of a country where some normal trade barriers such as tariffs and quotas are eliminated and bureaucratic requirements are lowered in hopes of attracting new business and foreign investments.
Fixed costs: are business expenses that are not dependent on the activities of the business. in turn. pristine. They are factors that cause a producer¶s average cost per unit to fall as scale is increased. biomass. the location of a new factory may be the basis of more investment. and usually protected areas that strives to be low impact and (often) small scale. directly benefit the economic development and political empowerment of local communities. wind. and have a better infrastructure which would.Cumulative Causation: The unfolding of events connected with a change in the economy.
Energy sources: oil. solar. or scale. It purports to educate the traveller.
Economies of scale: in microeconomics.
Entrepôt: (from the French "warehouse") is a trading post where merchandise can be imported and exported without paying import duties. provide funds for conservation. Economies of scale is a long run concept and refers to reductions in unit cost as the size of a facility.
Footloose industry: is a general term for an industry that can be placed and located at any location without effect from factors such as resources or transport. natural gas. Thus. are the cost advantages that a business obtains due to expansion. increases
Ecotourism: (also known as ecological tourism) is responsible travel to fragile.
benefiting from agglomeration economies. See also product orientation and sales orientation. For example. the new factory will stimulate employment in laundries.
. as opposed to location at the point of maximum revenue. through its own or acquired products. restaurants. emphasizing on the skill involved in the respective line of work. and should interact with surrounding areas spreading prosperity from the core to the periphery. Poles are usually urban locations. Indirectly. the Rimland. South Korea. Singapore. and Taiwan.
Labor intensive: can be used when proposing the amount of work that is assigned to each worker/employee (labor).Four Asian tigers: refers to the highly developed economies of Hong Kong. if a corporation builds a factory.
Multiplier effect: An effect in economics in which an increase in spending produces an increase in national income and consumption greater than the initial amount spent.
Market orientation: Business approach or philosophy that focuses on identifying and meeting the stated or hidden needs or wants of the customers.
The Greenhouse Effect: is caused by an atmosphere containing gases that absorb and emit infrared radiation.
Growth poles: A point of economic growth.
Heartland/Rimland: Mackinder¶s theory of the power of Eurasia¶s interior over the coastal exterior parts.cost location: A site chosen for industrial development where total costs are theoretically at their lowest. it will employ construction workers and their suppliers as well as those who work in the factory. and service industries in the factory's vicinity.
variable cost is the sum of marginal costs. process or service in order to better the environment.
Weight-gaining: industry making bulky products: an industry that manufactures a large-sized product from small-sized raw materials
Weight-losing: industry making compact products: an industry that manufactures a small-sized product from large-sized raw materials
World city: is a city deemed to be an important node point in the global economic system. service or process to another that is more efficient or beneficial in some way while retaining the same functionality. The prominent substitution nowadays is replacing a product.
Ubiquitous: existing or being everywhere Variable costs: are expenses that change in proportion to the activity of a business. and moving it to a place where it is unobjectionable. In other words. or from a substance.
Resource crisis: when resources that are in high demand become depleted and cannot be replaced. The concept comes from geography and urban studies and rests on the idea that globalization can be
. Allows for transportation of goods from places that previously could not manufacture that good and deliver it in time before it spoiled. so that its earlier landscape and character are destroyed.
Topocide: is defined as the deliberate killing of a place through industrial expansion and change. It can also be considered normal costs.
Special Economic Zone (SEZ): is a geographical region that has economic laws that are more liberal than a country's typical economic laws.Refrigeration: is the process of removing heat from an enclosed space.
Substitution Principle: is focused on the substitution of a product.
understood as largely created.
. facilitated and enacted in strategic geographic locales according to a hierarchy of importance to the operation of the global system of finance and trade.