Chapter 10

:

How are you feeling ?

Vocabulary :

Parts of the Body
head ears teeth neck elbow nails waist thigh shin ankle eyes mouth tongue shoulder wrist chest hip leg toes heel lips nose chin arm fingers stomach behind/bum knee back belly button

Class Activity : Play a version of “Simon Says” to practice the new vocabulary.

First, the teacher goes over all the body parts with pictures to ensure that everyone knows the body parts. Then, the class can play “Simon Says”. If the teacher says, “Simon says, touch your knees”, the students must touch their knees. But, if the teacher simply says, “Touch your knees.” the students must not follow touch that part. The students can also be the leaders. Once the students feel comfortable, the leader can speed up the commands.

Feelings/ Emotions
happy nervous exhausted tired hot angry disappointed frightened/afraid sad surprised sick sleepy hungry mad shy excited anxious cold frustrated thirsty hung over

Class Activity: Feeling Charades. Prepare a set

of cards with the entire feeling vocabulary on them. Then students, one by one, select a card and act out their cards in front of the class. Variation: The students can try to describe the feeling without using its name. Another variation to this activity is to cut out pictures from magazines and have the students describe the feeling they get from the pictures. Finally, you can use music in the classroom to evoke emotions or feeling. Have the students listen to a selection of different types of music. Then have them describe how the music makes them feel. You can also discuss climate and how it affects people’s moods.

Write it !

Write a sentence for each of the feelings below. Start each sentence with “I was/felt _________ when ... Ex. I felt excited when I got the job. or I was sad when he said goodbye. 1. (sad ) ______________________________________________ 2. (happy) ____________________________________________ 3. (embarrassed) _______________________________________ 4. (nervous) ___________________________________________ 5. (mad) _______________________________________________

Reading Comprehension :
Health Insurance in the United States and in Canada In the United States, there is no national health insurance except MEDICARE. However, this is restricted to senior citizens (62+ for women and 65+ for men) Medicare is federally funded. It is a system of paying for all medical services and supplies. The patient chooses his/her doctor and the hospital, if necessary, and the government will pay for it. Most people have some form of health insurance which is provided by either their companies or contracted privately. Blue Cross Blue Shield is one of the biggest insurance companies in the United States. There is also Social Security, which is a type of national pension plan for workers who retire after making contributions for their entire

working life. In Canada, the system is entirely different. There is universal health care which means that every citizen is provided with medical insurance. Each province has a different name for it. For example, in Ontario it’s called OHIP which stands for Ontario Health Insurance Plan. Each province manages their fund. Most services are covered under this insurance. In other words, hospital bills, visits to the doctor, some specialists etc... Are covered under this plan. However things like cosmetic or plastic surgery not deemed necessary for the individual’s health is not. The Canadian Pension Plan, or in Quebec, The Quebec Pension Plan, provides monthly income for retirees who have paid into the plan their whole working life much like the Social Security in the United States. You must be 65 years old or over to be eligible.

Vocabulary
insurance pension federally funded contributions social security retirees

restricted patient cosmetic/plastic surgery provided

deemed eligible

Review the reading comprehension. Make sure the students understand all the new vocabulary. Questions about Health Insurance in the United States and Canada : 1. What are the differences between the American and the Canadian health insurance plans? 2. Who is eligible for Social Security in the United States? Canadian or Quebec Pension in Canada ? 3. What type of services are not covered under the health insurance plan in Canada ? 4. What is the name of one of the largest insurance companies in the United States? 5. Which system do you prefer ? Why ? 6. Who manages MEDICARE in the United States? Who manages the health insurance plan in Canada ?

Conversation Practice :

Alex : Hi, Rose. How are you feeling ? Rose : I feel terrible. I have a really bad cold. Alex : Are you taking any medicine for it ? Rose : No, I donut like taking medicine when I’m sick. Alex : Why not? Rose : Because I prefer to get better naturally. Alex : How long have you been sick ? Rose : About a week. Alex : I think you should go and see a doctor . Maybe it´s something serious. Rose : Yeah, maybe you’re right. I´ll try to call her a little later. Alex : Good. In the meantime, do you want to take some aspirin or Tylenol ? Rose : No, that’s okay Alex. Don’t worry about me. I promise I will call the doctor later today. Alex : Okay. Take care. Let me know if there’s anything you need.

Practice the conversation above and then go over any vocabulary you don’t understand with the class.

HOME REMEDIES
Directions: Read the health problems listed below. With your group, invent a cure or remedy for each problem and complete each sentence. Look at the first two examples, then use your imagination to complete the remaining sentences. 1.- If you catch a cold, fry some onions, mix them with turpentine, and spread them on your chest. 2.- If you get the chicken pox, lie on the floor of a chicken house and get somebody to chase a flock of chickens over you.
3.- If you get the hiccoughs, ________________________________________ 4.- If your hair begins to fall out, ____________________________________ 5.- If you have flat feet, ___________________________________________ 6.- If you want to stop smoking, _____________________________________ 7.- If you want to grow tall, ________________________________________ 8.- If you want to lose weight, ______________________________________ 9.- If you want to find a boyfriend or girlfriend, ________________________ 10.- If you want to remember people’s names, __________________________

Grammar Tip : Some and Any

In general we use some in positive sentences and any in negative sentences ( or when the meaning is negative). Ex. Peter gave some information to the police. Peter didn’t give any information to the police. He refused to give any information to the police. In questions we usually use any instead of some. Ex. Do you have any money ? NOT Do you have some money ? BUT when we expect the answer to be yes, we can use some. Ex. What’s wrong with the bill ? Is there some mistake ? When we offer something to someone, or ask for something, we can use some in the question. Ex. Would you like some coffee ? Can I have some paper ? Any can also be used when the person doesn’t care who/what/where etc... Ex. Where can I cash this traveler check ? Any bank will cash it. Where would you like to go for dinner ? Anywhere is fine. Some + body/one = some person Some + where = some place Some + thing = some thing/ object These are all singular. Ex. Somebody loves you. Any + body/one = any person Any + where = any place Any + thing = any thing/object Is anyone here ?

Exercises :
Fill in the blanks using some/any/something/anywhere/anyone/someone 1. I want to going to the store to buy ___________ bread. 2. My sister is getting married next month. We need to do ______________ special. 3. Does he have _________ money ? 4. Where would you like to go tonight ? I don’t care ________________ is fine. 5. When we went to Mexico, we saw ______________ amazing things. 6. Thank you. I don’t want ___________ dessert. 7. Would you like ___________ coffee. I made a fresh pot. 8. You look like you have a headache. Would you like to take __________ aspirin. 9. Terry isn´t home. There isn´t _____________ at home right now. 10. Could you give me ______________ information about immunization ? 11. _________________ called me but they didn´t leave a message on the machine.

Conversation Practice :

Calling for a Doctor´s Appointment

the

Rose : Hi, this is Rose Radish. I am calling to make an appointment with Dr. Geller ? Receptionist :He can see you on Wednesday, June 7th at 2 p.m. Is that alright ? Rose :I´m really feeling sick. Is it possible to see the doctor any sooner ? Receptionist : Let me check with the doctor. Dr. Geller, sorry to disturb you. I have Rose Radish on the line and she says that she´s really feeling sick. Would it be possible to fit her in*before the 7th ? Dr. Geller : Let me see. Okay, I can fit her in tomorrow afternoon at 4:30. Receptionist :Okay, I´ll tell her. Miss Radish, I spoke with doctor and he said that he could fit you in tomorrow at 4:30. Is that convenient for you ? Rose : That would be great. Thank you so much. I´ll see you tomorrow afternoon at 4:30.

At the Doctor´s Office Dr.Geller : So Rose, what seems to be the problem? Rose : I’m not sure, Dr. Geller. I have been feeling run down for the last week. I don’t have any energy and am not eating very much. I just don’t feel good. Dr.Geller : Well, do you have a fever or any other symptoms ? Rose : Yes, I have a bit of a cough and a runny nose. Dr. Geller : It sounds like you have the flu. What you need is some antibiotics and some rest. I can write a prescription out for you. Rose : Are the antibiotics really necessary ? I would prefer not to take any medication, if possible. Dr.Geller : Well, that’s up to you, Rose, but don’t be a hero. Sometimes, a simple cold can become pneumonia if it’s not treated in time. Besides the antibiotics I have prescribed are totally harmless. Rose : O.K., you’re right I need to get my energy back quickly. I can’t be sick for another week ! Thanks for seeing me today. Dr. Geller . No problem. Take care of yourself, Rose. Don’t work so hard. Rose : Thanks Dr. Geller, I´ll try.

Vocabulary : Discuss the new vocabulary in class
cough prescription fever runny nose medication symptoms flu run down prescribed antibiotics pneumonia convenient harmless treated fit in

Some Common Medical Problems :

Look at the following health problems and decide what the patient should do. Match each symptom with a solution . a bad cough a sore back a runny nose ______ a high fever ______ a toothache ______ a sore throat ______ a rash ______ a bad cold ______ run down ______ diarrhea ______ a sunburn ______ indigestion ______ constipation ______ insomnia ______ hiccups ______ ______ 1.Take a decongestant. ______ 2. Take a sleeping pill 3. Drink hot lemon with honey. 4. Go to the pharmacy and get some medicine 5. Take Tums or some alkaselzer 6. Take a laxative. 7. Take two aspirins and use a cold compress 8. Don’t pick up anything heavy. 9. Visit the Dentist 10. Don’t eat any spicy food 11. Avoid the sun and put some cream on it. 12. Go to bed and rest. 13. Drink a lot of liquids 14. Put some antiseptic cream on it. 15. Drink a lot of water and plug your ears. at the same time.

Role Play :
Read the following situations and then act them out in partners in front of the class. Write a script if necessary. Situation 1 : A : You have a terrible stomachache. You think you may have eaten something last night for dinner that didn’t agree with you. You need to see the doctor as soon as possible. B : You are a family doctor at a local clinic. You think your patient has food poisoning. You need to prescribe some antibiotics for his/her stomach pains. Situation 2 : A: You have just had an accident in the house and cut your hand quite deeply, but you hate hospitals and you don’t want to go there for stitches. B : Your partner has just had an accident and it seems quite bad. You think he/she should go to the hospital right away. You need to convince them to go.

Try to come up with some of your own scenarios based your experiences with problems related to health issues.

Correct the Mistakes
Read the following passage and correct all the mistakes

911 Help !
Last night, Raymond Horn call 911 for help. She were taking a shower when he feels a pain in her chest. His wife was at a friend’s house. So he was alone. When she called 911 she spoke to a waiter who said they would be right over with the fire truck. Raymond called his wife and she came to the restaurant. When she arrived he was breathing heavily and his face was black. Jennifer, his wife, could feel the siren’s from the taxi coming to the house when Raymond stopped breathing. She began to give herself ear to ear resuscitation. The ambulance arrived in about 3 hours. They rushed into the washroom and continue to get him mouth to mouth until they were able to get the heart going again. Then, they putted Raymond on hydrogen. He were carried out of the ambulance and into the street. They took him to McDonald`s for a Big Mac and he felt much better the next morning.

Re-write the story with all the corrections :
_________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________

In English, we use the present perfect when we talk about an action in the past that is connection with the present. The action itself may have finished but the time period has not. This is an extremely important verb tense in English. Study the chart below and the examples.

Present Perfect

Construction Verb to have in the present
have has

Past participle of the main verb
been seen

Example sentence
I have been sick for a week. She has seen three different specialists about the problem. My sister has gone to the hospital for the delivery. Carol has treated over 100 patients this year. My doctor has given me a prescription for birth control pills.

have has have

gone treated given

There are many circumstances when you need the present perfect. Here are some:

⇒When we use ever (question) or never (negative). Because it indicates ⇒When we say “This is the first /second

sometime in your lifetime which is a period that started in the past and continues up to this moment. Ex. I have never been to Canada. or Have you ever seen an elephant ? etc.. time ..... Because we are talk about the number of times we have done something in our lifetime, again this is an open time period. Ex. This is the first time I have driven a truck. or It’s the second time I have taken an English course. something has happened before it was expected and yet which is used in questions and negative sentences only. It is the opposite of already. Ex. I have just eaten a huge breakfast.

⇒We use the present perfect with just (a short time ago) , already to indicate that

Have you read today’s newspaper ? Have you spoken to your boss yet?

Yes, I’ve already read it. No, I haven’t spoken to him yet.

⇒We also use the present perfect with all periods of time that are not finished.
Ex. This year/this month/this season/this week/this morning/this afternoon/ this evening/ today What have you done today ? ⇒ When we want to say how much we have done, how many things we have done, or how many times we have done something, we use present perfect. Ex. I have written 10 postcard this week. My husband has played golf 4 times this month.

Exercises :
Using the past participles below, complete the sentences with the present perfect . spoken written forgiven gone driven given known chosen told seen broken worked done eaten played

1. My sister ________________ a car since she was 17 years old. 2. The company ____________________ me a promotion. 3. The university ___________________ a new dean. 4. They _________________ to all the parents about the new rules in the school. 5. ________ you _______________ breakfast yet ? Yes, I _______ already _________ 6. How long _______ you ______________ for this company ? 7. How many times _________ they ____________ Star Wars ? 8. David ____________________ basketball for 10 years. 9. Tom _________________ the window. 10. _____________ you ____________ your boss that you are quitting ? 11. My friend ________________ me for telling her secret. 12. How many letters _________ you ____________ to your family ?

Grammar Tip :
For all regular verbs, the past participles are the same as the past tense. In other words, they finish with ED. Ex. Past tense: I worked yesterday. Present Perfect Tense: I have worked here for 10 years. For irregular verbs, many are the same as the simple past tense, but some do change. Here is a list of some of the most common: become begun broken paid bought caught cost come driven fought done eaten drawn fallen spoken met put

been brought made chosen drunk felt

found

read

forgotten given heard

told gone hidden

written grown known

gotten had lost

said sat took

Rap up :
Visit to the Dentist : Sonia : I have a terrible toothache. I need to see the dentist right away. Receptionist : Just take a seat and the dentist will be with you as soon as he is finished with his patient. (about 10 minutes later) O.K. Sonia, you can go in now. Sonia : Great ! Hi, I have had a terrible toothache all day and I can’t seem to do anything for the pain. Could you open your mouth nice and wide for me. Let’s have a look. Oh, I see the problem. You have an abscess on the left side of your mouth. That’s what’s causing all the pain. Is there anything you can do for me ? Sure, I can give you some antiseptic mouthwash. That should relieve some of the pain you have had. What a relief ! How soon will it take effect ? It should take effect almost immediately. Thanks a lot, you’re a life saver*.

Dentist : Sonia : Dentist : Sonia : Dentist : Sonia :

Cultural Note: The expression to be a lifesaver means to be really helpful. We
usually use it in relation to health issues, but it can also be used in business.

Some general questions about health : Discuss them in small groups
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. What do you think of doctors and dentists ? How many times have you been in a hospital ? Do you like hospitals ? Have you ever had a serious illness ? Are you a smoker or a drinker ? Do you have any health insurance ? How often do you go to the doctor ? Have you ever had a physical ? Do you prefer male or female doctors? Why ?

Practice the conversation above. Then discuss the questions in class. Try to come up with some of your own questions related to health.

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