Chapter 6

:

Let’s go Out for Dinner!

Food Vocabulary

Fruits : Watermelon pineapple Tomato? (juice) Lemon (yellow) Bana a Lime (green) Cantaloupe

n Grapes

Mandarin Coconut Mango Raspberry Pear Strawberry

Vegetables :

Corn

carrot Onion avocado Mushroom

chili pepper

cabbage

Protein : Steak Hotdog Shrimp

Hamburger Chicken Cheese Peanut Eggs

Roast

Turkey

Duck

Beans

Lentils

Lamb

Breads and Cereals :

Bread

Spaghetti

Muffin

Wheat Oatmeal Muffins Cereal Rice Pasta Cake Review the vocabulary and answer the following questions in class:

1. What is your favorite fruit ? 2. What is your favorite vegetable ? 3. What is your favorite protein ? 4. What is your favorite bread or cereal ?

Reading Comprehension
Meals in My Family In most families, you eat three meals a day. Breakfast is usually the first meal of the day, between 7 a.m. and 9 a.m. Lunch is around noon and supper, which is also called dinner, is about 6 p.m. A lot of people have snacks during the day between their main meals. In school, students usually have “recess” in the morning and in the afternoon. This is the time they usually eat snacks. In the workplace, employees often have a “coffee break” in the morning around 10 a.m. and again in the afternoon around 2 p.m. What is a typical meal in my family? Well, for breakfast, we usually drink coffee, tea or juice. We like to eat toast with jam or peanut butter. Sometimes, we have milk and cereal, and in the winter we often eat oatmeal because it’s nice and hot. On the weekends, when we get up later and have more time to prepare a meal. We like to eat eggs and bacon or pancakes and syrup. Canada is famous for it’s delicious maple syrup. When a meal is a combination of breakfast and lunch, we call this “brunch”. Many Canadian families enjoy brunch on the weekends. In fact, a lot of restaurants have special brunches on Saturdays and Sundays. Lunch is normally the second meal of the day, and in my family it consists of soup, sandwiches and salads. For dessert, we usually have a piece of fruit , mainly; bananas, apples or oranges. Sometimes, people will eat hotdogs, hamburgers, pizza, French fries or other fast food delights, especially if you go out for lunch.

For dinner, we usually have a salad, sometimes some soup, and a main dish of meat, poultry or fish along with some potatoes or rice and some vegetables. For dessert, we usually have cake, pie or fruit, and we finish with some coffee or tea. Every culture has different customs, for example in Mexico, they also eat three meals a day but at very different times. Their breakfast is usually around the same time as ours but lunch is between 2 p.m. and 4 p.m. Their dinner is normally between 8p.m. and 10 p.m. The type of food is also quite different. Their food is much spicier than ours. They eat a lot of beans, tortillas, and chili with their food. The Japanese also eat three meals a day, but they eat entirely different types of food. For example, they enjoy soup, rice and fish in the morning along with some fresh green vegetables. They often take boxed lunches to work or school, which include seaweed with rice, tofu and fish. Sometimes the fish is raw which is called “sushi”. Many Japanese enjoy green tea, which is quite bitter and very healthy.

Vocabulary: Discuss the new vocabulary in the class
meal typical brunch spicier breakfast recess fast food boxed lunches lunch coffee break sushi tortillas

dinner/supper syrup customs tofu

Questions about “Meals in my Family” :
What are the names of the three main meals of the day? What time do people usually eat these meals ? What is a typical dinner in this family? In the workplace, what do we call the time around 10 a.m. ? What time do most Mexicans have lunch ? What is a hot drink that many Japanese enjoy ? What is your favorite meal of the day ? Why ? 8. Do you enjoy food from other countries ?
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Meal Exchange :
Interview three students in the class about their typical meals. Write down the information in the chart below. Discuss it in class. Name of the student: Breakfast: What time and what do you eat? Lunch: What time and what do you eat? Dinner: What time and what do you eat?

Conversation Practice :
At the Supermarket : Susan : Excuse me. Do you know where I can find the salad dressing? Fred : Sure. It’s in the second aisle, in the middle, near the cans of vegetables. Susan : O.K. Thanks a lot. Donna : Hi, I’m looking for mayonnaise. Do you know where it is ? Gloria : I’m not too sure. I think it’s in aisle 3 or 4. It’s next to the salad dressings and barbecue sauce. Donna : Thanks I´ll look there. Denise : Can you help me ? I can’t find the herbal teas. Joe : Certainly, ma’am. The herbal teas are in aisle 6 beside the regular teas. Denise : Really! I looked there, but I didn’t see them. Joe : Oh. Let’s have a look together. Denise : Oh, I’m sorry you’re right. I guess I didn’t check properly. Thanks for your help. Joe . No problem, ma’am. That’s my job. Have a nice day! Denise : Thanks, you too.

Practice the conversations above and then substitute using different items in supermarket from the shopping list below. vinegar baking soda

ice cream bacon yogurt ketchup milk hamburger meat orange juice

pancake mix cream cheese hamburger buns pasta coffeemate garbage bags lettuce eggs onions paper towels dishwashing detergent

The Healthy Nut Cafe Menu
Appetizers
Garlic bread Smoked salmon Caesar salad Vegetable soup 11.99 Green salad Spinach salad Minestrone soup Lentil soup 1.75 4.95 3.95 2.50 2.25 3.95 2.50 2.50

Main Course/Entrees
All the meals include rice, baked potato or French-fries. Baked Sole Hamburger All-dressed pizza Spaghetti and meatballs Vegetarian lasagna 7.95 Barbecue chicken 7.95 7.50 8.95 8.95

Side Orders
French-fries Coleslaw Extra bread Extra barbecue sauce 3.25 1.75 1.25 1.00 1.00

Vegetable stir-fry Chicken stir-fry

8.95 9.95

Desserts
Apple pie Chocolate cake 2.95

Rice pudding 1.75 Beverages Oatmeal cookies 1.25 Soft drinks 1.50 Strawberry shortcake 4.25 Milk 1.25 Chocolate mousse 2.95 Juice 1.50 Ice cream 1.75 Coffee 1.25 Tea 1.25 Daily Special : Beer 2.75 Includes an appetizer, an entree, Wine (glass) 3.50 (except the Baked Sole) a dessert Class Activity : In small groups have the students design their own menus and determine their own prices.
Read the menu on the previous page and answer these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. How much does baked sole cost at The Healthy Nut Cafe ? Do they have a daily special ? What does it include ? Do you think the prices are reasonable at this cafe ? Why ? Why not ? How many different types of desserts do they have ? Do you think they have a good variety of food ? How much would a full course meal cost at The Healthy Nut Cafe ?

Complete the following sentences : 1. A hamburger is $ _________________ at this cafe. 2. All the main courses include ______________________________________ . 3. A side order of French fries costs ___________________ . 4. There are __________ different choices of beverages at The Healthy Nut Cafe. 5. There are _________ vegetarian meals on the menu. Conversation Practice : At Home : Roger: Boy, I´m tired and hungry. Pete : Me, too. Let´s go out for dinner to The Healthy Nut Cafe. Roger : Great idea. I love their vegetarian lasagna.

Pete : Roger :

I prefer their chicken stir-fry. It has lots of vegetables and chicken chunks in an excellent Cajun sauce. Let’s go, my mouth is watering just thinking about it.
Hi, I´m Wendy and I´ll be your waitress tonight. Here are your menus. Roger : Thanks, but I already know what I want. What about you, Pete ? Pete : Yeah, I think I´ll have the usual, chicken stir-fry please with rice. Waitress : Good choice, and for you sir ? I´d like the vegetarian lasagna please. Oh, I´m sorry sir. We just sold our last piece. Would you like something else ? Perhaps the vegetarian stir-fry ? Sure, I guess that’s the second best choice. Would you like rice, potatoes or French fries with that ? Rice please. Could we have two beers with that ? Sure, I´ll be back with your order. Waitress :

At the Cafe :

Roger : Waitress : Roger : Waitress : Roger : Waitress :

Role Play :
A: In groups of two or three, using the Healthy Nut menu, act out the same situation ordering your favorite food. B: Now act out a situation where the waitress makes a mistake and doesn´t bring you want you ordered. C: Now act out a situation where you have been waiting for your food for a long time and you are in a hurry.

Grammar Tip
When we want to tell someone to do something we use the base form of the verb. This is called the imperative. Ex. “Come here and look at this !” Go away ! I am trying to study. Please stop that ! Have a great time ! We make the negative by adding DON´T before the verb.

Ex. Don´t run in the living room. Stay right here ! Don´t go anywhere! Don´t be so crazy. You know I love you. You can also use LET´S when you make a suggestion to do something with someone else. Ex. Let´s go out for dinner. Let´s make pancakes for breakfast. Let´s buy some carrots and make a carrot soup. The negative of let´s is LET´S NOT Ex. Let´s not go to your mother´s on Sunday. Let´s not spend our money on a new computer. Let´s not buy the first home we see. *Note : Let´s = Let us ( Let you and I)

In partners, practice using let’s + verb to make suggestions to each other. Then use the negative form and the imperative.

Simple Past Tense of Regular Verbs
All regular verbs take the ending ED when we use the simple past tense. When we talk about a specific moment in the past, an action that started and finished in the past, we use the simple past tense.

Construction : Subject
I You She He We They

Verb + ED
work + ed study + ed play + ed listen + ed talk + ed clean +ed

Sentence
I worked at Bell Canada ten years ago. You studied French in high school. She played basketball with my sister. He listened to music when he was a child. We talked a lot on the phone last week. They cleaned the house yesterday.

Pronunciation of Regular Past Tense Verbs : Last letter sound
vowels : a, i, e, o b c d f g k l m n p r s t v w z ch sh

Example
played - “a”, skied - “e” slowed - “o” sighed - “i” robbed, grabbed danced decided laughed, coughed bugged kicked pulled climbed listened stopped steered kissed started waved plowed buzzed watched finished

ED - Pronunciation
d d t ed t d t d d d t d t id d d d t t

Exercises
Complete the sentences using the simple past tense of one of the following verbs:
rain call open play fix want end arrive live study greet close

1. Yesterday morning, I ______________ the Christmas lights. 2. We ____________ a movie last night. 3. My sister _____________ me from Japan. 4. When I was a child, I ____________ to be a movie star. 5. My father ____________ golf last Sunday. 6. Lynn _____________ literature in university. 7. When we ___________ at the party, everyone _______ us. 8. The room was so hot that we ____________ the window to get some air. 9. The Samuels ____________ in California for 3 years. 10. The concert ___________ at 10:30. 11. She ___________ the door. 12. It was a terrible weekend. It ____________ all the time.

Past Tense of Some Irregular Verbs :
Unfortunately, there is no easy way to learn the past tense of irregular verbs except to memorize them through practice. We will learn them as we progress through this book. Since this chapter is about food, we will learn the irregular verbs that correspond to this topic.

Simple Present

Simple Past

am / are / is : I am very hungry. You are a was / were : I was in Toronto last week. student. He is Mexican We were at the restaurant. have : I have a lot of work to do. had : She had soup for lunch. drink : We drink four cups of coffee a day. drank : We drank two cups of coffee this morning. go: They go to the movies every Friday. went : They went to Mexico for 5 months. see : We see our friends every weekend. saw : I saw my father last Sunday. do : I do an hour of homework every night did : She did her homework last night. eat : I eat breakfast every morning. ate : I ate a delicious breakfast . make : My husband makes an excellent made : Yesterday, my mother and I lasagna. made a cake for my brother’s birthday.

Write it !

Write 6 sentences using the irregular verbs on the last page.

1. _____________________________________________________ 2. _____________________________________________________ 3. _____________________________________________________ 4. _____________________________________________________ 5. _____________________________________________________ 6. _____________________________________________________

Question Form of the Past Tense ( Regular and Irregular Verbs)
The interrogative of the past tense always requires the auxiliary DID except for the verb TO BE which does not take an auxiliary.

Did Main verb in the Did eat Present
Did Did have drink Was Were

Example
Did she eat breakfast this morning ? Did you have a good night sleep ? Did they have anything to drink ? Was he home last night ? Were you at McDonald´s yesterday ?

Negative form of the Past Tense
We use the same principle as in the present tense. In other words, we use the auxilary DID + NOT + THE MAIN VERB in the present.

Subject
Julie Sam and I I John and Sue

Verb
did not eat did not drink did not have did not enjoy

Example
Julie didn´t eat supper tonight. Sam and I didn´t drink at the party. I didn´t have a good time at the concert. John and Sue didn´t enjoy the movie.

Exercises :
A : Fill in the blanks using the question and negative form of the past tense. 1. ___________ you ___________ dinner at 7 o´clock ? (question : to eat) 2. Michael ________ _________ ___________ his homework. (negative : to finish) 3. _________ Bonnie at the office late ? (question : to be) 4. I _________ __________ __________ you when I arrived home.(negative : to call) 5. _________ Allan ________ you at the restaurant ? (question : to see) B: Construct your own sentences using the following : 1. (question : to drink) _____________________________________________________

2. (negative : to work) _____________________________________________________ 3. (negative : to study) _____________________________________________________ 4. (question : to have) ______________________________________________________

Rap up
Dean : I feel stuffed*. I ate a huge meal at lunch. Sheila : Really ? What did you eat ? Dean : I ate a seafood platter of fish, shrimps and muscles with rice, green beans, a salad, dessert and a coffee. Wow ! That really was a lot of food. I drank some herbal tea, I didn´t eat very much at lunch. What did you have ? I had a cheese sandwich and some vegetable soup with crackers. Are you on a diet, Sheila ? No, I wasn´t very hungry. I had a big breakfast. I never eat breakfast. I usually drink a cup of coffee in the morning. Oh, I always have toast, cereal, juice and sometimes I eat eggs and ham. I guess we have very different eating habits. That´s for sure ! See you later, Dean. Yeah, bye Sheila. See you tomorrow.

Sheila : Dean : Sheila : Dean : Sheila : Dean : Sheila : Dean : Sheila : Dean :

* to feel stuffed means to feel full of food.

Practice the conversation using the past and present tenses. Then substitute using your own eating habits into the conversation.

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