Chapter 7


I’m going to shop till I drop.

Idiomatic Future
We use the idiomatic future, sometimes referred to as near future, when we want to express a future action that will occur relatively soon or when we have decided to do something. In other words, our intention is to do something, we use: BE GOING TO + INFINITIVE. Ex. I am going to drive to the supermarket in about 10 minutes. Susan is going to work tomorrow. My neighbors are going to move next month. We’re going to see an excellent movie tonight. What are you going to do on the weekend? Is Jerry going to study during his Christmas vacation?

Complete the following sentences using am/are/is going to + one of these verbs wear study give take eat walk cook do buy rain sell play

1. I don’t have anything fancy in my closet. What ________ I __________________ to the party? 2. This sweater doesn’t fit me anymore. I __________________________ it to my sister. 3. John is very hungry. He ________________________ at McDonalds. 4. It’s Jeff’s birthday next week. What ________ we ______________________ him? 5. I’m starving! What ________ you _____________________ for dinner ? 6. If you ________________________ to the park bring an umbrella. I think it ______________________ . 7. Mary ___________________________ for her exams. 8. ___________ you _____________________ your computer? Because I really need one. 9. What _________ you _______________________ after you graduate from university ? 10. Karen ___________________________ a trip to Europe for a month. 11. My brother ____________________________ basketball for the national team.

Class Activity: List some things you are going to do later today. Then discuss them in

Clothing vocabulary
shirt jacket socks dress scarf vest shorts skirt tie shoes bra underwear hat bathing suit pants suit housecoat jeans nylons gloves belt blouse coat nightgown sweater T-shirt boots raincoat

Here are some pictures of some of these items.

What are these people wearing?

Grammar tip

When we talk about something that always comes in twos. We use PAIR OF ____________ Ex. I am wearing a pair of shoes and a pair of socks. We also use pair of for pants and jeans because they have two legs. Circle the items that usually come in twos. shirt socks dress underwear pants overalls dress nylons gloves glasses boots bra sweater jeans suit Class Activity : Describe what you are wearing. Don’t forget your colors from Chapter 1. Then choose someone else in the class describe what they are wearing. The other students have to guess who you are talking about based on your description. As a variation you can also cut out pictures in magazines and use them to practice descriptions.

Conversation Practice :
At Home : Hey, are you going to go to Jerry’s party on Friday night ? Elaine : I´d like to, but I don’t have anything to wear. George : Oh. Is it a formal party ? Elaine : Yeah, I think it’s pretty* formal. George : Well, I guess I’m going to wear my new suit . Elaine : That’s a great idea. Where did you buy it ? George . I bought it at Harry Rosen’s. in the Eaton’s Center. They have a lot of really good clothing stores in that mall. Maybe you could find something there. Good idea. I think I am going to go there after work. There are a lot of sales on right now. Maybe I can find a good deal*. Good luck! Thanks George. See you later. I am going to eat lunch with an old friend. See you later gater. George :

Elaine: George : Elaine : George :

*Culture Note : In English, pretty + adjective means quite or very or more than the
average. In other words, in the example, I think the party is pretty formal, Elaine means that the party will be quite formal, more formal than the average party. The expression a good deal means a good price, a bargain, a steal.

Practice the conversation above with a classmate or your teacher. Then, change some of the details in the conversation to make up your own conversation.

Liquidation Sale :
Everything must go!! Hurry, hurry to Ben’s Bargain Basement Store for all your consumer needs! We have what you need at the price you want to pay! Guaranteed lowest prices in the city!! Top designer labels at fabulous discount prices.
Women’s dresses Anne Kleinburg Liz Clayblack Alfred Song Yves St. Lewis Men´s suits Armoochie Hugo Boogie Versaggie Regular price $50.00 100.00 119.00 122.00 $ 609.99 133.00 NOW $25.00 49.99 39.99 66.99 209.00 72.00 132.00 88.00 45.00 39.99 29.99



Men´s and Women´s Shoes Floreshow $225.00 Duck´s 175.00 Hang nine 75.00 Pegaboo´s 69.99 Batan´s 59.99

General Questions about Ben´s Bargain Basement Store Sale 1. What is the average discount of items in Ben´s ? 2. How many types of women´s dress labels does Ben´s carry ? 3. What is the most expensive suit you can buy at Ben´s ? 4. Would you shop at Ben´s ? Why ? Why not ? 5. Do you know of a store like Ben´s ? What is it´s name ?

6. What do you think of the prices at Ben´s ? Are they reasonable ? 7. What are some positive words we use to sell products ?

Class Activity : In partners or individually, design your own advertisements for
products you would like to sell.

Grammar Tip
When we ask for the price of something we can use a variety of styles. Ex : How much is that dress ? What is the price of this watch ? How much does this sweater cost ? Do you know the price of this shirt ? Can you tell me the price of this suit ?

Practice asking the prices of different items from Ben’s Bargain Basement Store with a partner.
In English, we use modals to be polite, to make suggestions or to give advice about something or someone. Below is a table of common modals in English .

Modals :


1. You should go to the doctor. 2. I should see my dentist soon. 1. I could speak French when I was a child 2. Could you help me ? 3. If you had money, you could come. 1. I can drive. 2. Can I have your telephone number, please ? 1. May I help you ? 2. She may move next year.

1. Suggestion or Advice 2. Obligation 1. Past of can meaning ability 2. Polite suggestion or request 3. Condition



1. to be able to do something 2. polite suggestion or request but more direct than could. 1. Polite suggestion or request 2. Possibility


Might Must Will Would

We might go to the cinema tonight. Possibility My father must do his taxes. He must be at home. I will finish this next week. I would if I could. 1. Obligation 2. Supposition Intention 1. Condition

Have to

Would you like to have a drink ? Yesterday, the car wouldn´t start. I have to talk to my teacher about the exam.

2. Polite invitation or request. 3. Past of will Obligation

Conversation Practice :
At the Department Store : Sales Clerk : Hi. May I help you ? Janet : Yes, thank you. I´m looking for the shoe department. Sales Clerk : Sure, that´s on the sixth floor, right next to the stationary department. Janet : Great, thanks for your help. Sales Clerk : My pleasure. In the Shoe Department : Janet : Excuse me, do you have these shoes in a size 10 , black leather ? Let me check. I´ll be right back. Yes, you´re in luck*. We have one pair of size ten left in black leather. Excellent, I´m so happy. It´s difficult to find a nice pair of shoes in my size. I guess this is your lucky day *! Let´s try them on to see how they fit. They look great ! They are really comfortable and the price is right* ! So you are going to take the shoes ? Yes. Do you accept credit cards ? Certainly, Visa, Mastercard, American Express. Great ! I am going to use my Visa. That will be $69.99, please. Here´s my card. Thank you. Here´s your bill and have a nice day. Thank you, same to you * .

Shoe Clerk : Janet . Shoe Clerk : Janet : Shoe Clerk : Janet : Shoe Clerk : Janet : Shoe Clerk : Janet : Shoe Clerk : Janet :

*Cultural Note : The expression you´re in luck means you are lucky. We usually use

this expression when we are referring to something that we need which we are able to get. It ´s your lucky day means that you are very lucky today. The price is right means that the price is reasonable for you. It is exactly the price you wanted to pay. Same to you is an expression we use when we want to repeat the same compliment or respect to a person. In other words, the same as you just said to me.

Practice the conversation above and then change some of the details to make up your own conversation. Don´t forget to use the modals from the previous page when necessary.

Write it !
Write six sentences or questions using the modals indicated. 1. (could) ______________________________________________ 2. (may) _______________________________________________ 3. (would) ______________________________________________ 4. (can) ________________________________________________ 5. (should) _____________________________________________ 6. (must) _______________________________________________

Role Play
Act out the following situations with a partner.

Situation 1: A : You call a local department store and ask for prices for certain items. You also
ask for sizes and the colors available. B : You are a sales clerk in a local department and you speak to a customer who is inquiring about the prices, styles, colors and sizes of your merchandise.

Situation 2 : A : You are going to a wedding in two days and you need something to wear. You
have no more time to shop. This is the last store. You must find something in this store. You take size 12 and you don’t look good in pale colors. B : You are a sales clerk in a department store. The styles and sizes are limited. You don’t have a lot of clothing in size 12 and most of the dark colored clothing has been sold.

Class Activity : Act out the situations in front of the class using props. As a variation
you could telephone role play the situations using a catalogue or you could come up with your own scenarios related to shopping.

In English, we use how many and how much to talk about the quantity of something. In the case of how much, it is also used to refer to the cost of something. as we mentioned earlier in the chapter. So at this point we are going to talk about the quantity of things. We have two categories of things; countable, those things which you can count and uncountable, those things which can´t be counted. We use many or how many for countable things and much or how much for uncountable things. Ex. How much coffee do you drink ? How many cups of coffee do you drink ? OR How many pieces of paper do you need ? How much paper do you need ? OR How much money do you have ? How many dollars do you have ? Once we put the thing in a container we can count it. If we talk in general about something it is uncountable but if we are specific then we can count it

How many/ How much

Complete the following sentences using either much or many.
1. Ron doesn´t have ____________ time. 2. How _____________ food is in the fridge. 3. How _____________ people will be at the party. 4. I don´t drink very ____________ coffee. 5. How ___________ paper is in the photocopier. 6. How ____________ towels are in the bathroom. 7. My father took ___________ photographs on his trip to Europe. 8. We don´t have ____________ money right now. 9. How ___________ games did you play last month ? 10. How __________ postcards did you write to your friends ?

*Note : So now you know you use much + uncountable nouns and we use
many + countable nouns. We can also use a lot of + uncountable or plural nouns

Uncountable Nouns Plural Countable Nouns She seems to have a lot of money. There are a lot of books in this room. You drink a lot of coffee. I know a lot of people. We will have a lot of free time, soon. The students always ask a lot of questions Much is usually used in questions and negative sentences. We don´t normally use it in positive sentences. We use a lot of + noun for positive sentences. Ex. Do you drink much soda pop ? No, I don’t drink much. Yes, I drink much soda pop. (incorrect) Yes, I drink a lot of soda pop.

Exercises :
Change the following sentences when it is necessary. If the sentence is correct just put a checkmark beside it. If it is wrong, mark an x beside it and make the changes. 1. She is happy because she has many friends.________ 2. Sorry, we don´t have much time. _______ 3. My father drinks much coffee in the morning. _______ 4. Right now, we have many money. _______ 5. It takes much work to have children. ______ 6. We have much friends around the world. ______ 7. Do you much about Mexican history ? _______ 8. Look over there ! There are much people waiting for the movie. ________ 9. I don´t speak much Spanish, but I am taking courses at the university. ______ 10. How much times have you been to the United States. _______

For this chapter, we will concentrate on verbs that relate to shopping.

Irregular Past Tense

Simple Present
buy : I buy flowers every Monday. sell : The store sells newspapers. wear : What size do you wear ? feel : Steve feels great when he exercises. cost : How much does this cost ? pay : She pays $400 rent each month. give : My family gives to charity every year. choose : We usually choose easy courses.

Simple Past
bought : She bought me a present for my birthday. sold : Our neighbor sold their house. wore : I wore a green dress to my friend’s party. felt : Debbie felt beautiful in her wedding dress. cost : The book cost $50.00, but I needed it, so I bought it. paid : My mother paid a fortune for her new car. gave : My aunt gave us all her old baby clothes when the baby was born. chose : Larry chose a new tie for his suit.

Rap up : Conversation Practice :

Marsha :

Marsha : Stan : Marsha . Stan : Marsha : Stan : Marsha : Stan : Marsha .

Stan : Marsha : Basement Stan : Marsha : design. Stan : No kidding ? *. That’s fantastic. You chose very well. Actually, my mom gave me some extra money, so I bought a pair of shoes, too. When I put the shoes on, I felt like Cinderella. They’re really nice. Are you going to wear them to the party on Saturday night ? I’m not sure. What do you think? I think you’d be a real hit.* How many people are going to the party ? I’m not sure. I think about 100 or so* Wow ! That’s a lot of people. Do they have a big house ? Yeah, it’s pretty big. What am I going to wear ? Well, why don´t you wear that navy blue suit that you wore to Fran ´s wedding. It looks so good on you.

Hey, look Stan. What do you think of this new suit I bought? It’s beautiful. I bet you paid a fortune for it. No, actually it was on sale at Ben’s Bargain Store for an excellent price. What did it cost ? It only cost $49.99, and it’s a Liz Clayblack

Stan : Okay, that sounds like a good idea.* Look at the conversation above. Underline all the past tense verbs you see. Then circle all the idiomatic future tense and put a * beside all the expressions using many, much or a lot.

*Cultural Note : The expression, “ No kidding. “ means “Are you serious?” or

“Really?”. To be a hit means to be successful or popular at something or somewhere. When we finish a sentence with or so it means more or less . Finally, the expression sounds like a good idea means that the idea is a good one or seems to be a good one based on the information he or she is told.

Practice the conversation above with a partner and then make some changes so the conversation becomes more personal.

End of chapter 7.

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